CN107217273A - One kind dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent and its preparation method and application - Google Patents

One kind dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent and its preparation method and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107217273A
CN107217273A CN201710392603.4A CN201710392603A CN107217273A CN 107217273 A CN107217273 A CN 107217273A CN 201710392603 A CN201710392603 A CN 201710392603A CN 107217273 A CN107217273 A CN 107217273A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
cleaning agent
sodium sulfate
sodium
purity
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Pending
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CN201710392603.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐弘�
王湘英
王东
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Hunan University of Technology
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Hunan University of Technology
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Priority to CN201710392603.4A priority Critical patent/CN107217273A/en
Publication of CN107217273A publication Critical patent/CN107217273A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G1/00Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts
    • C23G1/24Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts with neutral solutions
    • C23G1/26Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts with neutral solutions using inhibitors

Abstract

The present invention relates to cleaning agent, a kind of dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent and its preparation method and application is disclosed.The dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is made up of the water of triethanolamine, cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, lauryl sodium sulfate, complexing agent, metal inhibitor, preservative and surplus, the cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide:Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol:The mass ratio of lauryl sodium sulfate is 4~10:2~8:0.1~2.The present invention is creatively used as surfactant using cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol and lauryl sodium sulfate, pass through synergy each other, surface tension can effectively be reduced, in order to coordinate above-mentioned surfactant to play optimum efficiency, it is preferred that remaining component, and optimize the numerical value of each component.Present invention dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent just can reach the purpose of dewaxing oil removing at 30~40 DEG C, work well.

Description

One kind dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent and its preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to cleaning agent, more particularly, to one kind dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent and its preparation method and application.
Background technology
Washing and cleaning operation has extremely important status in the industrial production.Washing and cleaning operation is for ensureing metallic article(Part) Outward appearance and inherent quality, the consumption of the process energy, economic benefit and a series of social benefits of environmental protection have far-reaching Meaning.
Metal works can remain more wax stain with oil stain, it is necessary to be cleaned after mechanical polishing.Cleaning Easily there is problems with journey:
1. metal works are once purged, are also easy to produce corrosion phenomenon, cause workpiece surface obfuscation, black, influence metal surface is bright and clean Degree and aesthetic.
2. cleaning temperature is higher, and cleaning efficiency is low, and cleaning cost is high.
The wash temperature of all kinds of ultrasonic wave wax removing agents is higher in the market, generally at 60 DEG C or so, and washing energy consumption is larger, And wash time is more long, concentration is higher;Chinese patent CNCN201010542596.X discloses rapid wax removing agent, adopts It is oil-soluble dispersant, AEO IW and alkanolamide phosphate ester 6503 with diene base succimide T154 For water soluble dispersing agent, because T154 is water insoluble, although be also amphiphile, amphiphilic molecule, polarized base and non-pole base, but belong to newborn Agent, it can not more significantly decrease surface tension, not be surfactant, it is impossible to play good paraffin removal effect.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved of the present invention is that there is provided a kind of paraffin removal oil removal efficiency in view of the shortcomings of the prior art High, cleaning temperature requires dewaxing oil-removing cleaning agent low, small to metal works degree of corrosion.
The present invention also provides the preparation method and application of the dewaxing oil-removing cleaning agent.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is provided, the dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is by triethanolamine, coco-nut oil fatty acid diethanol acyl Amine, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, lauryl sodium sulfate, complexing agent, metal inhibitor, the water group of preservative and surplus Into the cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide:Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol:The mass ratio of lauryl sodium sulfate is 4~10:2~8:0.1~2.
The present invention creatively uses cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol and 12 Sodium alkyl sulfate is as surfactant, because cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide is nonionic surfactant, fatty alcohol Polyethenoxy ether sodium sulfate and lauryl sodium sulfate are anion surfactant, two kinds of anion and a kind of non-ionic surface Activating agent interworking, produces synergy, can effectively reduce surface tension, during wax dirt is scattered in into solution from metal surface;And And said components are soluble in water, it is only necessary to which addition can just significantly reduce surface tension on a small quantity.
Preferably, the dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is composed of the following components:
4~10wt% of triethanolamine
4~10wt% of cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide
2~8wt% of sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol
0.1~2wt% of lauryl sodium sulfate
0.1~5wt% of complexing agent
0.1~2wt% of metal inhibitor
0.1~0.8wt% of preservative
Water surplus
Preferably, the complexing agent is sodium pyrophosphate, the one or two of sodium tripolyphosphate.
Preferably, the metal inhibitor is BTA.
Preferably, the preservative is sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate.
The present invention is in order that obtain cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol and dodecyl Sodium sulphate plays optimum efficiency as surfactant, by substantial amounts of experiment, have selected triethanolamine as bleeding agent, burnt phosphorus Sour sodium and/or sodium tripolyphosphate are as complexing agent, and BTA is used as anti-corrosion as metal inhibitor, sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate Agent can reach optimum efficiency, and optimize the selection of each group fractional value.
A kind of preparation method for the oil removing cleaning agent that dewaxes is provided, comprised the following steps:
S1. calculated according to said components and weigh water, be added in reactor, start agitator stirring;
S2. by the coconut fatty acid diglycollic amide of the mass percent of said components, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, ten Sodium dialkyl sulfate, triethanolamine, complexing agent, metal inhibitor and preservative are added in reactor, and stirring to liquid is in pale yellow Color homogeneous transparent liquid, finally gives dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent.
Preferably, the mixing speed of agitator described in step S1 is 150r/min.
Preferably, the purity of triethanolamine described in step S2 is 85%~100%, the coco-nut oil fatty acid diethanol acyl The purity of amine is 90%~100%, and the sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol purity is 70%~100%, and the sodium pyrophosphate is pure Spend for 99%~100%, the sodium tripolyphosphate purity is 55%~100%, the BTA purity is 99%~100%, institute It is 99%~100% to state lauryl sodium sulfate concentration, and the sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate purity is 99%~100%.
Application of the dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent of the present invention on the metal works of cleaning appearance residual wax stain oil stain, specifically Application method is as follows:The dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is made into working solution by adding water for concentration 5~15%, at 20~60 DEG C, in The metal works of appearance residual wax stain oil stain are cleaned in ultrasonic cleaner, antiscuffing paste and oil stain can thoroughly be removed, are reached clear Wash standard.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention creatively uses cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol and dodecyl Sodium sulphate is as surfactant, by synergy each other, can effectively reduce surface tension, above-mentioned in order to coordinate Surfactant plays optimum efficiency, preferably remaining component, and optimizes the numerical value of each component.
The present invention is using cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol and dodecyl sulphate Sodium is as surfactant, and above-mentioned three kinds are dissolved in water, it is necessary to surface tension can just be significantly reduced on a small quantity by adding, and to ring Border is pollution-free, non-stimulated to human body skin.
Present invention dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent just can reach the purpose of dewaxing oil removing at 30~40 DEG C, work well, and Wash time is shorter, and concentration is relatively low.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to specific embodiment.Following examples are only illustrative examples, not structure Into inappropriate limitation of the present invention, the multitude of different ways that the present invention can be limited and covered by the content of the invention is implemented.Unless special Do not mentionlet alone bright, the present invention reagent, compound and the equipment that use is the art conventional reagent, compound and equipment.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of preparation method for the oil removing cleaning agent that dewaxes, and comprises the following steps:
S1. the water for weighing 89.5wt% is calculated according to said components, is added in reactor, agitator stirring is started, mixing speed is 150r/min。
S2. by 4wt% coconut fatty acid diglycollic amide, 2wt% sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, 0.1wt% Lauryl sodium sulfate, 4wt% triethanolamine, 0.1wt% sodium pyrophosphate, 0.1wt% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.1wt% benzene And triazole and 0.1wt% sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate are slowly added in reactor successively, stirring to liquid is in light yellow uniform Transparency liquid, finally gives dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent.
Wherein, the purity of triethanolamine is 85%~100%, the purity of cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide for 90%~ 100%, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol purity is 70%~100%, and sodium pyrophosphate purity is 99%~100%, sodium tripolyphosphate Purity is 55%~100%, and BTA purity is 99%~100%, and lauryl sodium sulfate concentration is 99%~100%, hydroxyl first Base Sodium Glycinate purity is 99%~100%, and said components purity is higher, and effect is better.
2~embodiment of embodiment 10
The mass percent and implementation of each component and each component in 2~embodiment of embodiment 10 and 1~comparative example of comparative example 5 Example 1 is different, and specific reaction method is same as Example 1, does not repeat one by one.Table 1 gives embodiment 2~15 and comparative example 1 The dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent each component and the mass percent of each component of~comparative example 5.
Table 1
Embodiment Triethanolamine (wt%) Cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide (wt%) Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol (wt%) Lauryl sodium sulfate (wt%) Sodium pyrophosphate (wt%) Sodium tripolyphosphate (wt%) BTA (wt%) Sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate (wt%) Water
Embodiment 2 10 10 8 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Embodiment 3 10 10 8 2 0 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Embodiment 4 10 10 8 2 2 0 2 0.8 Surplus
Embodiment 5 3 3 1 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Embodiment 6 11 11 9 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Embodiment 7 8 8 3 1.5 1.5 2.5 1.5 0.7 Surplus
Embodiment 8 6 6 2.7 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 Surplus
Embodiment 9 4 4 5 0.5 0.5 2.5 0.5 0.4 Surplus
Embodiment 10 2 2 6 0.2 0.2 2 0.2 0.2 Surplus
Comparative example 1 10 0 0 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Comparative example 2 0 10 0 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Comparative example 3 0 0 8 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Comparative example 4 10 0 8 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Comparative example 5 10 10 0 2 2 3 2 0.8 Surplus
Embodiment 11~24
Embodiment 11~24 provides a kind of oil removing cleaning agent answering on the metal works of cleaning appearance residual wax stain oil stain that dewax With specifically used method is as follows:The dewaxing oil removing that 1~embodiment of embodiment 10 and 1~comparative example of comparative example 5 are prepared The metal works that cleaning agent cleans respectively with identical appearance residual wax stain oil stain in ultrasonic cleaner are cleaned, in phase Antiscuffing paste and oil stain are thoroughly removed by adjusting concentration and temperature in the same time, cleaning standard, specific concentration-temperature is reached As shown in table 2.
Table 2
Embodiment Dewax oil removing cleaning agent Concentration(%) Temperature(℃)
Embodiment 11 Embodiment 1 15 60
Embodiment 12 Embodiment 2 5 20
Embodiment 13 Embodiment 3 6 30
Embodiment 14 Embodiment 4 7 32
Embodiment 15 Embodiment 5 20 60
Embodiment 16 Embodiment 6 5.05 20
Embodiment 17 Embodiment 7 5.1 20.1
Embodiment 18 Embodiment 8 5.2 20.2
Embodiment 19 Embodiment 9 6 30
Embodiment 20 Embodiment 10 8 40
Embodiment 21 Comparative example 1 25 60
Embodiment 22 Comparative example 2 24 55
Embodiment 23 Comparative example 3 22 58
Embodiment 24 Comparative example 4 20 50
Embodiment 25 Comparative example 5 15 51
As can be drawn from Table 2, sodium pyrophosphate and sodium tripolyphosphate are present as complexing agent effect preferably, surfactant coconut oil Fatty diglycollic amide:Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol:The mass percent of lauryl sodium sulfate is 4~10:2~ 8:Optimum efficiency can be played when 0.1~2, on this basis by selecting the numerical value of remaining component and remaining component, can be obtained Go out each component optimum range value as follows:
4~8wt% of triethanolamine
4~8wt% of cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide
2~6wt% of sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol
0.2~1wt% of lauryl sodium sulfate
0.2~3wt% of complexing agent
0.1~0.5wt% of metal inhibitor
0.3~0.8wt% of preservative
Water surplus
Further, it is better with the additive effect of surfactant by 16~embodiment of embodiment 20, but work as and match somebody with somebody It is more unobvious than higher than the effect increase of embodiment 18, it is known that optimal embodiment 18 is knee value;According to embodiment 20 when more than this hair Bright proportioning effect declines on the contrary, and each component optimal value is as follows:
Triethanolamine 6wt%
Cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide 6wt%
Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol 2.7wt%
Lauryl sodium sulfate 0.4wt%
Complexing agent 0.2wt%
Metal inhibitor 0.2wt%
Preservative 0.4wt%
Water surplus
From comparative example as can be seen that when surfactant is cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide, AEO sulphur When sour sodium, the one or two of lauryl sodium sulfate, effect is poor, wherein using single surfactant effect most Difference, general using two kinds of surfactant effects, reason is sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol and lauryl sodium sulfate For anion surfactant, cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide is nonionic surfactant, two kinds of anion or one Plant anion to cooperate with a kind of nonionic surfactant, synergy can not be produced.
Performance characterization
The key technical indexes such as table 3 of embodiment 1,2,3,4 and the preparation-obtained dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent of embodiment 7~10 It is shown.
The key technical indexes of the dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent of table 3

Claims (12)

1. one kind dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent, it is characterised in that the dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is by triethanolamine, coco-nut oil fatty acid Diglycollic amide, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, lauryl sodium sulfate, complexing agent, metal inhibitor, preservative and remaining The water composition of amount, the cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide:Sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol:Lauryl sodium sulfate Mass ratio is 4~10:2~8:0.1~2.
2. dewax oil removing cleaning agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that composed of the following components:
4~10wt% of triethanolamine
4~10wt% of cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide
2~8wt% of sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol
0.1~2wt% of lauryl sodium sulfate
0.1~5wt% of complexing agent
0.1~2wt% of metal inhibitor
0.1~0.8wt% of preservative
Water surplus.
3. dewax oil removing cleaning agent according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the complexing agent is sodium pyrophosphate, trimerization phosphorus The one or two of sour sodium.
4. dewax oil removing cleaning agent according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the metal inhibitor is BTA.
5. dewax oil removing cleaning agent according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the preservative is sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate.
6. according to claim 2~5 any one dewax oil removing cleaning agent preparation method, it is characterised in that including with Lower step:
S1. calculated according to said components and weigh water, be added in reactor, start agitator stirring;
S2. by the coconut fatty acid diglycollic amide of the mass percent of said components, sodium sulfate of polyethenoxy ether of fatty alcohol, ten Sodium dialkyl sulfate, triethanolamine, complexing agent, metal inhibitor and preservative are added in reactor, and stirring to liquid is in pale yellow Color homogeneous transparent liquid, finally gives dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent.
7. the preparation method for the oil removing cleaning agent that dewaxes according to claim 6, it is characterised in that agitator described in step S1 Mixing speed be 150r/min.
8. the preparation method for the oil removing cleaning agent that dewaxes according to claim 6, it is characterised in that three ethanol described in step S2 The purity of amine is 85%~100%, and the purity of the cocoanut fatty acid diethanolamide is 90%~100%, the poly alkyl alcohol Oxygen ethene ether sodium sulfate purity is 70%~100%, and the sodium pyrophosphate purity is 99%~100%, the sodium tripolyphosphate purity For 55%~100%, the BTA purity is 99%~100%, and the lauryl sodium sulfate concentration is 99%~100%, The sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate purity is 99%~100%.
9. dewax metal of the oil removing cleaning agent in cleaning appearance residual wax stain oil stain according to Claims 1 to 5 any one Application on workpiece.
10. the method that dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent is applied according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the dewaxing oil removing is clear Clean dose is made into working solution by adding water for concentration 5~15%, at 20~60 DEG C, and appearance residual wax is cleaned in ultrasonic cleaner The metal works of stain oil stain, antiscuffing paste and oil stain can be removed thoroughly, reach cleaning standard.
CN201710392603.4A 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 One kind dewaxing oil removing cleaning agent and its preparation method and application Pending CN107217273A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108060031A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-22 石狮市科达电器有限公司 A kind of mobile phone side key water mark improves technique
CN109161909A (en) * 2018-08-02 2019-01-08 无锡金科涂装有限公司 A kind of cleaning by degreasing medical fluid in fuel injector and common rail spraying process

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108060031A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-05-22 石狮市科达电器有限公司 A kind of mobile phone side key water mark improves technique
CN109161909A (en) * 2018-08-02 2019-01-08 无锡金科涂装有限公司 A kind of cleaning by degreasing medical fluid in fuel injector and common rail spraying process

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Application publication date: 20170929