CN107211930A - A kind of fish green cultivation method - Google Patents

A kind of fish green cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107211930A
CN107211930A CN201710548400.XA CN201710548400A CN107211930A CN 107211930 A CN107211930 A CN 107211930A CN 201710548400 A CN201710548400 A CN 201710548400A CN 107211930 A CN107211930 A CN 107211930A
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
water
fish
fry
feeding
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CN201710548400.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马家富
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马家富
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Priority to CN201710548400.XA priority Critical patent/CN107211930A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/13Prevention or treatment of fish diseases
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fish green cultivation method, comprise the following steps:(1)Pond treatment:The preferable pond of irrigation conditions is selected, it is deep that the water in pond first is evacuated into 5cm 10cm.(2)Deliver fry:First fry is placed in nursery pond and cultivates at least 5 days, during which the special bait of feeding, when the water temperature of nursery pond and the water temperature difference in pond are no more than 3 °, fry is delivered into pond.(3)Formula feed and feeding:Feed is formed by the proportional arrangement of fish meal 80 100, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 60 80, wheat flour 150 200, dregs of beans 80 100, rice bran 100 130, algae 30 40.(4)Management:Often cross discharge within one month in pond 1/5th water body, and introduce fresh water source.Fish that the present invention cultivates out health, edibility are high.

Description

A kind of fish green cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, more particularly, to a kind of fish green cultivation method.
Background technology
Due to the delicious meat of fish, it is of high nutritive value, enjoys liking for people, it is increasingly tight yet with environmental pollution Weight, many fish are easily infected by disease germs in breeding process, and when people have eaten the fish that these carry the germs of a disease, just having can The health of itself can be impacted.
The content of the invention
The present invention is in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art there is provided a kind of fish green cultivation method, using this cultural method The healthy fish that raises, edibility are high.
To achieve these goals, the present invention uses following technical scheme:A kind of fish green cultivation method, including it is as follows Step:
(1)Pond treatment:The preferable pond of irrigation conditions is selected, the water in pond is first evacuated to 5cm-10cm depths, then will be raw Lime is sprinkling upon in pond by every mu of pond 90kg-110kg ratio uniform, then pond is exposed to the sun to pond bottom mud done Untill splitting, fresh water source is introduced into pond, fresh water source is introduced and is delivered after 6-8 days by fry into pond.
(2)Deliver fry:By every mu of pond mixed breed grass carp 1000-1300 tails, black carp 500-700 tails, silver carp 600- 800 tails, milter 300-500 tails, the ratio of crucian 400-600 tails select the close healthy fry of physique, are first placed on fry and educate Cultivation at least 5 days in Miao Chi, the during which special bait of feeding, when the water temperature of nursery pond and the water temperature difference in pond are no more than 3 °, Fry is delivered into pond.
(3)Formula feed and feeding:Feed presses fish meal 80-100, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 60-80, wheat flour 150-200, dregs of beans 80- 100th, rice bran 100-130, algae 30-40 proportional arrangement are formed, daily feeding 3-4 times, and one was added in feed every three days Secondary nutrient fodder feeding together.
(4)Management:Often cross discharge within one month in pond 1/5th water body, and introduce fresh water source, survey per week A water PH value is tried, need to often cross 4-5h when environment temperature is higher than 34 ° just increases an oxygen, the depth of water of pond summer into pond Control is in 1.5m-2m, and winter, water level control was in 2m-2.5m.
The good pond of selection irrigation conditions is conducive to the pond later stage to change water source, and the water in pond is extracted to 5cm-10cm Deep to spread quick lime again, calcium hydroxide can be produced by meeting water due to quick lime, and calcium hydroxide can lift the pH value of water body rapidly, can kill Pond bottom mud is exposed to the sun to dry and cracked, can further killed by the dead various parasites colonized in pond bottom mud, germ Various harmful organisms and ovum in mud.Mixed breed grass carp, black carp, silver carp, milter and crucian, add in pond in pond Diversity of organism so that the food chain in pond is more complete, and the diversity of product can also be lifted, meet different clients Demand.Fry is firstly placed on cultivation and the special feed of feeding in nursery pond, strengthens the healthy intensity of fry, lifts survival rate, When the water temperature of nursery pond and the water temperature difference in pond are no more than 3 °, fry is delivered into pond, now two kinds of environment temperatures Difference is smaller, and fry easily adapts to;Feed by fish meal, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, wheat flour, dregs of beans, rice bran, algae in proportion mixed configuration and Into, in fish meal and dried silkworm chrysalis meal all contain substantial amounts of animal protein, easily absorbed, can be met in fry developmental process to egg by fish The carbohydrate contained in the demand of white matter, wheat flour in substantial amounts of starch and carbonizable substance, starch is easily absorbed by fish, and carbonizable substance can expire Demand during sufficient fish normal growth, dregs of beans protein content is high, is easily absorbed by fish, and dregs of beans cost is low, sexual valence Than high, protein in rice bran, fat are in similar proportion, and contain carbohydrate, while also including many other nutriments, can give Fish, which provide, not only contains substantial amounts of nutriment in substantial amounts of energy, algae, also contain dietary fiber, it is fine that fish eat meals Enterogastric peristalsis can be promoted after dimension, strengthen digestion power, while can also be whetted the appetite containing 8 kinds of amino acid in algae, accelerate fry Growth rate;One time of nutrition feed feeding together was added in feed every three days, is conducive to lifting the spontaneous immune of fish / 5th water body, improves water body health status in pond by injecting fresh water source, increases in power, each replacing pond The oxygen content of water body, is conducive to the existence of fish, the pH value of test water body per week, it is ensured that the acid-base value of water body suitable fish all the time The growth of class, when environment temperature is higher, by the danger that fish occurrence of large-area death because of anoxic is avoided to pond oxygen supply Danger, summer temp is high, and pond water is relatively shallower so that the water temperature of pond bottom also will not be too high, and winter temperature is low, pond Water is deeper, and the temperature of water body is higher inside pond, is conducive to the normal existence of fish.
Further, the special bait presses Potato protein concentrate powder 60-80, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 50-60, algae 80-100, earthworm 60- 80 proportions are formed;Big energy, dried silkworm chrysalis meal can be provided for fry growth containing substantial amounts of protein in Potato protein concentrate powder With in earthworm contain substantial amounts of animal protein, easily absorbed by fry, in algae contain substantial amounts of vitamin, fry can be accelerated new Old metabolism, and strengthen autoimmunity.
Further, the nutrient fodder presses vitamin A 5-10, vitamin C 5-10, Radix Astragali 5-10, radix glycyrrhizae 10- 15th, jujube 15-20, kuh-seng 5-8, bighead atractylodes rhizome 5-10 proportions are formed;Vitamin A and vitamin C can strengthen the spontaneous of fish Immunity, the Radix Astragali, radix glycyrrhizae, jujube, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and kuh-seng not only contribute to be lifted the autoimmunity of fish, moreover it is possible to improve edible valency Value.
In summary, the fish that this fish green cultivation method of the present invention cultivates out are not only healthy, and Edibility is high.
Embodiment
In order that those skilled in the art are better understood from the present invention program, to the technical side in the embodiment of the present invention Case carries out clear, complete description.
Case one
A kind of fish green cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1)Pond treatment:The preferable pond of irrigation conditions is selected, the water in pond is first evacuated to 5cm depths, then by quick lime It is sprinkling upon by every mu of pond 90kg ratio uniform in pond, then pond is exposed to the sun untill the appearance of pond bottom mud is dry and cracked, to Fresh water source is introduced in pond, fresh water source is introduced and is delivered after 6 days by fry into pond.
(2)Deliver fry:By every mu of tail of pond mixed breed grass carp 1000, the tail of black carp 500, the tail of silver carp 600, milter 300 Tail, the ratio of the tail of crucian 400 select the close healthy fry of physique, fry first are placed on into cultivation 5 days in nursery pond, during which feeding By Potato protein concentrate powder 60, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 50, algae 80, the proportions of earthworm 60 special bait, when the water temperature of nursery pond When differing 3 ° with the water temperature in pond, fry is delivered into pond.
(3)Formula feed and feeding:Feed presses fish meal 80, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 60, wheat flour 150, dregs of beans 80, rice bran 100, algae 30 proportional arrangement is formed, and daily 6:00、12:00、18:00 difference feeding once, was added in feed every three days and once pressed Vitamin A 5, vitamin C 5, the Radix Astragali 5, radix glycyrrhizae 10, jujube 15, kuh-seng 5, the nutrient fodder of the proportions of the bighead atractylodes rhizome 5 are fed together Food;
(4)Management:Often cross discharge within one month in pond 1/5th water body, and introduce fresh water source, test one per week Secondary water PH value, 4h need to be often crossed when environment temperature is higher than 34 ° and just increases an oxygen into pond, the depth of water control of pond summer exists 1.5m, winter, water level control was in 2m.
Case two
The invention discloses a kind of fish green cultivation method, comprise the following steps:
(1)Pond treatment:The preferable pond of irrigation conditions is selected, the water in pond is first evacuated to 6cm depths, then by quick lime It is sprinkling upon by every mu of pond 95kg ratio uniform in pond, then pond is exposed to the sun untill the appearance of pond bottom mud is dry and cracked, to Fresh water source is introduced in pond, fresh water source is introduced and is delivered after 7 days by fry into pond;
(2)Deliver fry:By every mu of tail of pond mixed breed grass carp 1100, the tail of black carp 600, the tail of silver carp 700, the tail of milter 400, crucian carp The ratio of the tail of fish 500 selects the close healthy fry of physique, and first fry is placed in nursery pond and cultivated 6 days, during which feeding is by soil Legumin powder 70, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 60, algae 90, the special bait of the proportions of earthworm 70, water temperature and pond when nursery pond When the water temperature on the pool differs 2 °, fry is delivered into pond;
(3)Formula feed and feeding:Feed is by fish meal 90, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 70, wheat flour 160, dregs of beans 90, rice bran 110, algae 40 Proportional arrangement is formed, and daily 6:30、12:30、18:30 difference feedings once, were added in feed every three days and once given birth to by dimension Plain A6, vitamin C 6, the Radix Astragali 6, radix glycyrrhizae 12, jujube 16, kuh-seng 7, the nutrient fodder feeding together of the proportions of the bighead atractylodes rhizome 7;
(4)Management:Often cross discharge within one month in pond 1/5th water body, and introduce fresh water source, test one per week Secondary water PH value, 5h need to be often crossed when environment temperature is higher than 34 ° and just increases an oxygen into pond, the depth of water control of pond summer exists 1.7m, winter, water level control was in 2.2m.
Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, should all belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of fish green cultivation method, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Pond treatment:The preferable pond of irrigation conditions is selected, the water in pond is first evacuated to 5cm-10cm depths, then will raw stone Ash be sprinkling upon by every mu of pond 90kg-110kg ratio uniform in pond, then by pond be exposed to the sun to pond bottom mud occur it is dry and cracked Untill, fresh water source is introduced into pond, fresh water source is introduced and is delivered after 6-8 days by fry into pond;
Deliver fry:By every mu of pond mixed breed grass carp 1000-1300 tails, black carp 500-700 tails, silver carp 600-800 tails, hero Fish 300-500 tails, the ratio of crucian 400-600 tails select the close healthy fry of physique, and first fry is placed in nursery pond and supported Grow at least 5 days, during which the special bait of feeding, when the water temperature of nursery pond and the water temperature difference in pond are no more than 3 °, fry is thrown Put into pond;
Formula feed and feeding:Feed presses fish meal 80-100, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 60-80, wheat flour 150-200, dregs of beans 80-100, rice bran 100-130, algae 30-40 proportional arrangement are formed, daily feeding 3-4 times, are added one time of nutrition in feed every three days and are raised Expect feeding together;
Management:Often cross discharge within one month in pond 1/5th water body, and introduce fresh water source, water of test per week Body pH value, 4-5h need to be often crossed when environment temperature is higher than 34 ° and just increases an oxygen into pond, the depth of water control of pond summer exists 1.5m-2m, winter, water level control was in 2m-2.5m.
2. fish green cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The special bait presses Potato protein concentrate powder 60-80, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 50-60, algae 80-100, earthworm 60-80 proportions are formed.
3. a kind of fish green cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The nutrient fodder presses vitamin A5-10, vitamin C 5-10, Radix Astragali 5-10, radix glycyrrhizae 10-15, jujube 15-20, kuh-seng 5-8, bighead atractylodes rhizome 5-10 proportions and Into.
CN201710548400.XA 2017-07-06 2017-07-06 A kind of fish green cultivation method Withdrawn CN107211930A (en)

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CN201710548400.XA CN107211930A (en) 2017-07-06 2017-07-06 A kind of fish green cultivation method

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CN201710548400.XA CN107211930A (en) 2017-07-06 2017-07-06 A kind of fish green cultivation method

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1561700A (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-01-12 潘洪强 One age large scale seedling growing method for four main fishes without public pollution
CN103355240A (en) * 2013-08-08 2013-10-23 苏州市相城区兴湖生态农业专业合作社 Green high-yield fish mixed culturing method
CN105230540A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 High-yield culture method for grass carps
CN106069915A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) raising in summer immunity high-yield cultivation method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1561700A (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-01-12 潘洪强 One age large scale seedling growing method for four main fishes without public pollution
CN103355240A (en) * 2013-08-08 2013-10-23 苏州市相城区兴湖生态农业专业合作社 Green high-yield fish mixed culturing method
CN105230540A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 High-yield culture method for grass carps
CN106069915A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) raising in summer immunity high-yield cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
潘洪强等: "《生态水域与生态养殖》", 30 April 2016, 中国农业科学出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20170929