CN107211786A - The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether - Google Patents

The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107211786A
CN107211786A CN201710570421.1A CN201710570421A CN107211786A CN 107211786 A CN107211786 A CN 107211786A CN 201710570421 A CN201710570421 A CN 201710570421A CN 107211786 A CN107211786 A CN 107211786A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
freshwater shrimp
rice
water
construction
paddy rice
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710570421.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋超
胡庚东
陈家长
邴旭文
孟顺龙
范立民
郑尧
张聪
裘丽萍
李丹丹
Original Assignee
中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 filed Critical 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心
Priority to CN201710570421.1A priority Critical patent/CN107211786A/en
Publication of CN107211786A publication Critical patent/CN107211786A/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A kind of construction method for the zoology breeding system made altogether the present invention relates to paddy rice and freshwater shrimp, belongs to technical field of aquaculture.It is transformed by rice field, plant pasture and water, Rice Cropping, freshwater shrimp puts in a suitable place to breed, daily aquaculture management and fish for the structure that whole zoology breeding system is completed with harvesting.The Systematic selection freshwater shrimp that the present invention is provided integrates the aquaculture object of breeding as rice fishing, with feasibility, carries out agricultural production using this system, it is not necessary to use agricultural and veterinary chemicals.The yield and specification of freshwater shrimp can also harvest a number of high-grade rice apparently higher than pond fish farming.

Description

The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether
Technical field
A kind of construction method for the zoology breeding system made altogether the present invention relates to paddy rice and freshwater shrimp, belongs to aquaculture technology Field.
Background technology
In recent years, studies have reported that aquaculture integrates plant breeding model with the rice fishing that Rice Cropping is combined.This mould Formula can realize that a ground is dual-purpose, and a water is double to be received, and is effectively increased profit per mu.For example, a kind of light described in patent CN104430071 Water cray rice field ecology aquaculture model, a kind of method of paddy field intercropping loach described in patent CN105766745, and patent A kind of rice field crab cultivation system described in CN203633331.These researchs are attempted to expand the aquaculture of different cultivars New rice field space has been arrived, while extra earning is increased, has been accomplished " grain not being striven with people, ground is not striven with grain ".
On above-mentioned existing Research foundation, the present invention devises the ecologic breeding that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether again System.Freshwater shrimp also known as river prawn, scientific name Macrobrachium nipponensis, meat flavour are delicious, nutritious.Freshwater shrimp has that feeding habits are miscellaneous, reproductive capacity strong, growth Fast the features such as.Therefore shrimp culture has the advantages such as the cycle is short, cost is low, economic benefit is high.Freshwater shrimp is selected to be integrated as rice fishing The aquaculture object of breeding, with feasibility.For example, shrimp culture is generally two crops in one year, second batch of time be June extremely November, with Rice Cropping time consistency.Importantly, shrimp culture is combined with Rice Cropping, can effectively it carry The yield and quality of high freshwater shrimp.Therefore, the purpose for designing this cultivating system is to provide a kind of mode of production of high-quality freshwater shrimp.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned weak point there is provided the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether Construction method, it can effectively improve the yield and quality of freshwater shrimp.
Technical scheme, the construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether, specific steps It is as follows:
(1)Transform in rice field:Good water-retaining property is selected, the rice field having abundant water resources digs cultivation ditch, remaining after cultivation ditch has been dug Rice field is referred to as furrow field, for later stage rice cultivation;
(2)Plant pasture and water:In step(1)Pasture and water are planted in the cultivation ditch dug, cultivated area accounts for the 40%- of cultivation ditch area 60%;
(3)Rice Cropping:Seed rice is soaked after 24-48h with biogas slurry, pulls out and is rinsed well with clear water;Dry again after 24-48h, Again soaked with biogas slurry, finally by seed rice kind in step(1)On the furrow field;
(4)Freshwater shrimp is put in a suitable place to breed:In step(3)In the case of having planted paddy rice and having ensured pasture and water plantation in order, start in ditch Inside put freshwater shrimp seed in a suitable place to breed;
(5)Daily aquaculture management:Maintain the cultivation ditch water surface to exceed furrow field 10-15cm, be easy to freshwater shrimp to climb up furrow field and ingested;
(6)Fish for and gather in:After annual October, start fishing freshwater shrimps, gather in paddy rice.
Step(1)Take up an area 2-3 hectares, long 150-200m, wide 130-150m in the rice field;The a length of 100-130 of furrow field M, wide 5-7 m.
Step(1)Waterwheel aerator is set up in cultivation ditch four side, it is ensured that water-soluble oxygen is sufficient in ditch, and forms clockwise The faint current of direction flowing.
Step(2)The pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata or waterweed.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed stocking size is 1800-2400 tails/kg, and stocking rate is kg/ hectares of 280-340.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed neat specification, body colour is consistent, and swimming is active, Quick off the mark.
Step(5)Middle observation freshwater shrimp scope of activities, typically climbs up furrow field, it is not necessary to feed with morning freshwater shrimp at night;Noon With feed freshwater shrimp feed afternoon, feeding volume is the 5%-7% of juvenile prawn gross weight;Weather can increase 1%-2% feeding volume when preferable.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The Systematic selection freshwater shrimp that the present invention is provided integrates the aquaculture pair of breeding as rice fishing As with feasibility, carrying out agricultural production using this system, it is not necessary to use agricultural and veterinary chemicals.The yield and specification of freshwater shrimp are obvious Higher than pond fish farming, and a number of high-grade rice can also be harvested.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether, is comprised the following steps that:
(1)Transform in rice field:Good water-retaining property is selected, the rice field having abundant water resources digs cultivation ditch, remaining after cultivation ditch has been dug Rice field is referred to as furrow field, for later stage rice cultivation;
(2)Plant pasture and water:In step(1)Pasture and water are planted in the cultivation ditch dug, cultivated area accounts for the 40%- of cultivation ditch area 60%;
(3)Rice Cropping:Seed rice is soaked after 24h with biogas slurry, pulls out and is rinsed well with clear water;Dry again after 24-48h, weight Newly soaked with biogas slurry, finally by seed rice kind in step(1)On the furrow field;
(4)Freshwater shrimp is put in a suitable place to breed:In step(3)In the case of having planted paddy rice and having ensured pasture and water plantation in order, start in ditch Inside put freshwater shrimp seed in a suitable place to breed;
(5)Daily aquaculture management:Maintain the cultivation ditch water surface to exceed furrow field 10cm, be easy to freshwater shrimp to climb up furrow field and ingested;
(6)Fish for and gather in:After annual October, start fishing freshwater shrimps, gather in paddy rice.
Step(1)Take up an area 2 hectares, long 150m, wide 130m in the rice field;The a length of 100m of furrow field, wide 5m.
Step(1)Waterwheel aerator is set up in cultivation ditch four side, it is ensured that water-soluble oxygen is sufficient in ditch, and forms clockwise The faint current of direction flowing.
Step(2)The pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata or waterweed.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed stocking size is 1800 tails/kg, and stocking rate is 280kg/ hectares.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed neat specification, body colour is consistent, and swimming is active, Quick off the mark.
Step(5)Middle observation freshwater shrimp scope of activities, typically climbs up furrow field, it is not necessary to feed with morning freshwater shrimp at night;Noon With feed freshwater shrimp feed afternoon, feeding volume is the 5% of juvenile prawn gross weight;Weather can increase by 1% feeding volume when preferable.
Embodiment 2
The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether, is comprised the following steps that:
(1)Transform in rice field:Good water-retaining property is selected, the rice field having abundant water resources digs cultivation ditch, remaining after cultivation ditch has been dug Rice field is referred to as furrow field, for later stage rice cultivation;
(2)Plant pasture and water:In step(1)Pasture and water are planted in the cultivation ditch dug, cultivated area accounts for the 60% of cultivation ditch area;
(3)Rice Cropping:Seed rice is soaked after 48h with biogas slurry, pulls out and is rinsed well with clear water;Dry after 48h, use again again Biogas slurry is soaked, finally by seed rice kind in step(1)On the furrow field;
(4)Freshwater shrimp is put in a suitable place to breed:In step(3)In the case of having planted paddy rice and having ensured pasture and water plantation in order, start in ditch Inside put freshwater shrimp seed in a suitable place to breed;
(5)Daily aquaculture management:Maintain the cultivation ditch water surface to exceed furrow field 15cm, be easy to freshwater shrimp to climb up furrow field and ingested;
(6)Fish for and gather in:After annual October, start fishing freshwater shrimps, gather in paddy rice.
Step(1)Take up an area 3 hectares, long 200m, wide 150m in the rice field;A length of 130 m of furrow field, wide 7 m.
Step(1)Waterwheel aerator is set up in cultivation ditch four side, it is ensured that water-soluble oxygen is sufficient in ditch, and forms clockwise The faint current of direction flowing.
Step(2)The pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata or waterweed.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed stocking size is 2400 tails/kg, and stocking rate is 340 kg/ hectares.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed neat specification, body colour is consistent, and swimming is active, Quick off the mark.
Step(5)Middle observation freshwater shrimp scope of activities, typically climbs up furrow field, it is not necessary to feed with morning freshwater shrimp at night;Noon With feed freshwater shrimp feed afternoon, feeding volume is the 7% of juvenile prawn gross weight;Weather can increase by 2% feeding volume when preferable.
Embodiment 3
The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether, is comprised the following steps that:
(1)Transform in rice field:Good water-retaining property is selected, the rice field having abundant water resources digs cultivation ditch, remaining after cultivation ditch has been dug Rice field is referred to as furrow field, for later stage rice cultivation;
(2)Plant pasture and water:In step(1)Pasture and water are planted in the cultivation ditch dug, cultivated area accounts for the 40%- of cultivation ditch area 60%;
(3)Rice Cropping:Seed rice is soaked after 36h with biogas slurry, pulls out and is rinsed well with clear water;Dry after 36h, use again again Biogas slurry is soaked, finally by seed rice kind in step(1)On the furrow field;
(4)Freshwater shrimp is put in a suitable place to breed:In step(3)In the case of having planted paddy rice and having ensured pasture and water plantation in order, start in ditch Inside put freshwater shrimp seed in a suitable place to breed;
(5)Daily aquaculture management:Maintain the cultivation ditch water surface to exceed furrow field 12cm, be easy to freshwater shrimp to climb up furrow field and ingested;
(6)Fish for and gather in:After annual October, start fishing freshwater shrimps, gather in paddy rice.
Step(1)Take up an area 3 hectares, long 180m, wide 140m in the rice field;A length of 120 m of furrow field, wide 6m.
Step(1)Waterwheel aerator is set up in cultivation ditch four side, it is ensured that water-soluble oxygen is sufficient in ditch, and forms clockwise The faint current of direction flowing.
Step(2)The pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata or waterweed.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed stocking size is 2100 tails/kg, and stocking rate is 310kg/ hectares.
Step(4)The freshwater shrimp seed neat specification, body colour is consistent, and swimming is active, Quick off the mark.
Step(5)Middle observation freshwater shrimp scope of activities, typically climbs up furrow field, it is not necessary to feed with morning freshwater shrimp at night;Noon With feed freshwater shrimp feed afternoon, feeding volume is the 6% of juvenile prawn gross weight;Weather can increase by 1% feeding volume when preferable.

Claims (7)

1. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps that:
(1)Transform in rice field:Good water-retaining property is selected, the rice field having abundant water resources digs cultivation ditch, remaining after cultivation ditch has been dug Rice field is referred to as furrow field, for later stage rice cultivation;
(2)Plant pasture and water:In step(1)Pasture and water are planted in the cultivation ditch dug, cultivated area accounts for the 40%- of cultivation ditch area 60%;
(3)Rice Cropping:Seed rice is soaked after 24-48h with biogas slurry, pulls out and is rinsed well with clear water;Dry again after 24-48h, Again soaked with biogas slurry, finally by seed rice kind in step(1)On the furrow field;
(4)Freshwater shrimp is put in a suitable place to breed:In step(3)In the case of having planted paddy rice and having ensured pasture and water plantation in order, start in ditch Inside put freshwater shrimp seed in a suitable place to breed;
(5)Daily aquaculture management:Maintain the cultivation ditch water surface to exceed furrow field 10-15cm, be easy to freshwater shrimp to climb up furrow field and ingested;
(6)Fish for and gather in:After annual October, start fishing freshwater shrimps, gather in paddy rice.
2. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that paddy rice as claimed in claim 1 and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that:Step(1) Take up an area 2-3 hectares, long 150-200m, wide 130-150m in the rice field;The a length of 100-130 m of furrow field, wide 5-7 m.
3. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that paddy rice as claimed in claim 1 and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that:Step(1) Waterwheel aerator is set up in cultivation ditch four side, it is ensured that water-soluble oxygen is sufficient in ditch, and forms the faint of flowing clockwise Current.
4. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that paddy rice as claimed in claim 1 and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that:Step(2) The pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata or waterweed.
5. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that paddy rice as claimed in claim 1 and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that:Step(4) The freshwater shrimp seed stocking size is 1800-2400 tails/kg, and stocking rate is kg/ hectares of 280-340.
6. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that paddy rice as claimed in claim 5 and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that:Step(4) The freshwater shrimp seed neat specification, body colour is consistent, and swimming is active, Quick off the mark.
7. the construction method for the zoology breeding system that paddy rice as claimed in claim 1 and freshwater shrimp make altogether, it is characterized in that:Step(5) Middle observation freshwater shrimp scope of activities, typically climbs up furrow field, it is not necessary to feed with morning freshwater shrimp at night;Feed freshwater shrimp feeding in noon and afternoon Material, feeding volume is the 5%-7% of juvenile prawn gross weight;Weather can increase 1%-2% feeding volume when preferable.
CN201710570421.1A 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether CN107211786A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710570421.1A CN107211786A (en) 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710570421.1A CN107211786A (en) 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107211786A true CN107211786A (en) 2017-09-29

Family

ID=59953114

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710570421.1A CN107211786A (en) 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 The construction method for the zoology breeding system that a kind of paddy rice and freshwater shrimp make altogether

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107211786A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931529A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 嘉兴职业技术学院 Method for ecologically cultivating freshwater shrimps in paddy
CN104663528A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-03 江寿文 Technical method for paddy field freshwater shrimp cultivation
CN105766745A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-20 简阳市大众养殖有限责任公司 Method for culturing loaches in paddy field
CN106386302A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 Rice and chicken lobster continuous mixing planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income
CN106386603A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 One-season early rice and two-season freshwater shrimp rotation planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104663528A (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-03 江寿文 Technical method for paddy field freshwater shrimp cultivation
CN103931529A (en) * 2014-04-15 2014-07-23 嘉兴职业技术学院 Method for ecologically cultivating freshwater shrimps in paddy
CN105766745A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-20 简阳市大众养殖有限责任公司 Method for culturing loaches in paddy field
CN106386302A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 Rice and chicken lobster continuous mixing planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income
CN106386603A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 One-season early rice and two-season freshwater shrimp rotation planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李明锋: "青虾的苗种繁育及养成技术(三)", 《农村养殖技术》 *
李明锋: "青虾稻田养殖技术", 《中国农垦》 *
钱华等: "稻田提水养殖蟹虾鳜鱼技术", 《渔业致富指南》 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103314897B (en) A kind of cray rice field freshwater aquaculture method
CN103314902B (en) The nuisanceless pond breeding method of a kind of river crab
CN103348890B (en) Method for comprehensively raising various types of aquatic livestock and cultivating paddy in paddy field
CN103688835B (en) Strawberry potted tray cutting seedling method
CN103719005B (en) Ecological breeding method for freshwater shrimp and bengal waterdropwort herb crop rotation
CN102301969B (en) Method for cultivating hybridized and backcrossed marine product fries
CN102369835B (en) Vegetative propagation method of honeysuckle
CN102669023B (en) Ecological culture system for lobsters
CN104430079B (en) Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined
CN102318571B (en) Culture method of hybrid new variety of Argopecten irradias and Argopecten purpuratus
CN101305699B (en) River crab breeding method
CN103070115B (en) A kind of organic grass carp segmentation cultural method
CN103891659B (en) Method for breeding Odontobutis obscura through fish-rice symbiosis in pool
CN103875571B (en) The method of cultivation of a kind of mandarin fish fingerling mass-producing
CN101411311B (en) Method for producing fingerling of Trachidermus fasciatus
CN103493765B (en) The cultural method of crab
CN102301971B (en) Method for breeding novel hybrid scallop variety of Argopecten purpuratus and Argopecten irradians irradians
CN104429709A (en) Strawberry seedling substrate prepared from earthworm cast, and production method and application thereof
CN100403884C (en) Method for breeding river crab
CN104430071A (en) Freshwater crayfish rice field ecological breeding mode
CN107173136A (en) A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture cray
CN105393985A (en) Frog culturing method
CN104206329B (en) A kind of pond Procambrus clarkii spring Seedling mating system
CN102440220B (en) A kind of imitative wild soft-shelled turtle production method
CN103109767A (en) Loach fish fry artificial cultivation method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170929