CN107211706A - Plant parameter regulation and control method and plantation parameter regulation device - Google Patents

Plant parameter regulation and control method and plantation parameter regulation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107211706A
CN107211706A CN201710525615.XA CN201710525615A CN107211706A CN 107211706 A CN107211706 A CN 107211706A CN 201710525615 A CN201710525615 A CN 201710525615A CN 107211706 A CN107211706 A CN 107211706A
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China
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picture
parameter
crops
pest
disease damage
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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Shenzhen Qianhai Hongjia Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Qianhai Hongjia Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710525615.XA priority Critical patent/CN107211706A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general

Abstract

The invention provides one kind plantation parameter regulation and control method and plantation parameter regulation device, wherein, plantation parameter regulation and control method includes:When there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, it is determined that the breeding time of crops corresponding with misgrowth parameter;At least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture is determined according to breeding time, and judges whether growth image information matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;When judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, determined to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching.Pass through technical scheme, according to the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching, determine to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve the problems, such as the pest and disease damage of crops in time, deinsectization is reduced except the cost of labor of disease, the survival rate and yield of crops is improved.

Description

Plant parameter regulation and control method and plantation parameter regulation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to intelligence control system technical field, in particular to one kind plantation parameter regulation and control method and one Plantation parameter regulation device.
Background technology
In correlation technique, generally the upgrowth situation of crops is monitored using manual type, there is following technology and lack Fall into:
(1) when cultivated area is excessive, there are problems that personal monitoring's actively less efficient and promptness, cause crops Pest and disease damage problem can not obtain good monitoring and control;
(2) the pest and disease damage type of crops is excessive, it is necessary to the pest and disease damage type of manual identified crops, and needs to be directed to Property specify agricultural chemicals sprinkling irrigation strategy, therefore, result in planting process cost of labor rise.
The content of the invention
It is contemplated that at least solving one of technical problem present in prior art or correlation technique.
Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide one kind plantation parameter regulation and control method.
Parameter regulation device is planted it is another object of the present invention to provide one kind.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme of the first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of plantation parameter regulation and control side Method, including:When there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, it is determined that with misgrowth parameter pair The breeding time of the crops answered;At least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture is determined according to breeding time, and judges growth Whether image information matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;Judging growth image information and any default pest and disease damage ginseng When examining images match, determined to carry out deinsectization operation to crops according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Sprinkling irrigation parameter.
In the technical scheme, during by there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Further, when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default disease pest of matching The attribute information of evil reference picture determines the sprinkling irrigation parameter to crops progress deinsectization operation, namely according to the default disease pest of matching Evil reference picture, determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve crops in time Pest and disease damage problem, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Specifically, first, the growth image information of the crops of acquisition characteristic growth parameter (it is as shown in table 1 with when Between the parameter growth conditions and stem higher size that define), wherein, growth image information possesses geographic area attribute, by right Characteristic growth Parameter analysis determines that crops belong to misgrowth, secondly, and growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Image is compared, and not only can quickly determine pest and disease damage type, and pest and disease damage degree can also be determined in time, also, using automatically controlled The crops for the geographic area of pest and disease damage occur pointedly are sprayed by sprinkling irrigation terminal.
Wherein, using cucumber as an example for the crops of plantation, then the breeding time of cucumber is as shown in table 1 below.
Table 1
In addition, the pest and disease damage type that different growing occurs is as shown in table 2 and table 3.
Table 2
Table 3
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferable that there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Specifically include:Recognize the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information of crops;Judging characteristic growth parameter(s) whether with default spy Levy growth parameter(s) matching;It is when judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, characteristic growth parameter is true It is set to misgrowth parameter, wherein, stem size of the characteristic growth parameter including crops, stem color, leaf color, adjacent blades At least one in the diversity factor of size.
In the technical scheme, the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information by recognizing crops, judging characteristic life Whether long parameter matches with default characteristic growth parameter, by not judging characteristic growth parameter and default characteristic growth parameter not Timing, misgrowth parameter is defined as by characteristic growth parameter, wherein, characteristic growth parameter includes the stem size of crops, stem At least one in color, leaf color, the diversity factor of adjacent blades size, judges in time and exactly whether crops belong to Misgrowth.
Specifically, presetting growth parameter(s) characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the phase of crops At least one in the diversity factor of adjacent blade dimensions, for example, cucumber is tying the tendril length of climing phase up to more than three meters, blade is in Existing palmate, blade is big and thin and in green, and such as crops are tying climing phase stem length less than two meters, then judging that crops belong to abnormal raw It is long, or leaf color is inclined yellow or spot occurs, also judges that crops belong to misgrowth.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that breeding time is the germination periods of crops, Seedling Stage, take out the climing phase and A period in fruiting period.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that when crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage ginseng of germination period Examining image includes samping off reference picture and subterranean pest-insect reference picture, and the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of Seedling Stage includes Damping-off reference picture, root rot reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid Reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture and liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, taking out corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase includes downy mildew Sick reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot ginseng Examine image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of fruiting period includes downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, target spot reference Image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, droop reference picture, above-mentioned powdery mildew reference picture, blight dis-ease reference picture, ash Mildew reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture, liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test ginseng Examine image.
In the technical scheme, by the corresponding a variety of default pest and disease damage reference pictures of different growing, intuitively clearly Crops are determined because symptom occurs in pest and disease damage, comprehensively considers and causes the reason for crop growth is abnormal, and then at raising There is the efficiency of growth failure problem because of pest and disease damage in reason crops.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that judging growth image information and any default pest and disease damage reference During images match, determined to carry out crops the spray of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Parameter is filled, is specifically included:Calculate between growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with breeding time With degree;When judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture Matching;Read the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching;Determined to carry out deinsectization to crops according to attribute information The sprinkling irrigation parameter of operation, wherein, sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and deinsectization mode includes spray Agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
In the technical scheme, by calculating growth image information any default pest and disease damage corresponding with breeding time with reference to figure Matching degree as between, by when judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information is with presetting Pest and disease damage reference picture is matched, the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture by reading matching, true according to attribute information , there is growth failure reason by calculating reflection crops more directly perceived in the fixed sprinkling irrigation parameter that crops are carried out with deinsectization operation, The step of simplifying artificial progress image information comparison, saves time and human resources, improves processing crops and gives birth to The accuracy and efficiency of long abnormal problem.
Wherein, if the matching degree between growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture reaches setting matching degree (such as preset matching degree is more than or equal to 80%), then judge that the crop in crop map picture has with matching image identical pest and disease damage Or growth failure.
In addition, sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, deinsectization mode includes spray agricultural chemicals deinsectization Mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode, such as agricultural chemicals used in different pest and disease damages as shown in following table table 4:
Table 4
Embodiment according to the second aspect of the invention, it is also proposed that one kind plantation parameter regulation device, including:It is determined that single Member, during for there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, it is determined that with misgrowth parameter pair The breeding time of the crops answered;It is additionally operable to determine at least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture according to breeding time, and sentences Whether the long image information of medium well matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;Be additionally operable to judge growth image information with it is any During default pest and disease damage reference picture matching, determine to enter crops according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching The sprinkling irrigation parameter of row deinsectization operation.
In the technical scheme, by setting determining unit, for being deposited in the growth image information for detecting crops In misgrowth parameter, it is determined that the breeding time of crops corresponding with misgrowth parameter, is additionally operable to be determined according to breeding time At least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture, and judge growth image information whether with any default pest and disease damage with reference to figure As matching, it is additionally operable to when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default of matching The attribute information of pest and disease damage reference picture determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation, namely presetting according to matching Pest and disease damage reference picture, determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve farming in time The pest and disease damage problem of thing, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Specifically, first, the growth image information of the crops of acquisition characteristic growth parameter (it is as shown in table 1 with when Between the parameter growth conditions and stem higher size that define), wherein, growth image information possesses geographic area attribute, by right Characteristic growth Parameter analysis determines that crops belong to misgrowth, secondly, and growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Image is compared, and not only can quickly determine pest and disease damage type, and pest and disease damage degree can also be determined in time, also, using automatically controlled The crops for the geographic area of pest and disease damage occur pointedly are sprayed by sprinkling irrigation terminal.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that plantation parameter regulation device also includes:Recognition unit, for knowing The characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information of other crops;Judging unit, for judging characteristic growth parameter(s) whether with presetting Characteristic growth parameter is matched;Determining unit is additionally operable to:When judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, Characteristic growth parameter is defined as misgrowth parameter, wherein, the stem size of characteristic growth parameter including crops, stem color, At least one in leaf color, the diversity factor of adjacent blades size.
In the technical scheme, by setting recognition unit, the feature life of the growth image information for recognizing crops Whether long parameter, by setting judging unit, match, by setting for judging characteristic growth parameter(s) with default characteristic growth parameter Determining unit is put to be additionally operable to when judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, characteristic growth parameter is true Be set to misgrowth parameter, in time and judge whether crops belong to misgrowth exactly.
Specifically, presetting growth parameter(s) characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the phase of crops At least one in the diversity factor of adjacent blade dimensions, for example, cucumber is tying the tendril length of climing phase up to more than three meters, blade is in Existing palmate, blade is big and thin and in green, and such as crops are tying climing phase stem length less than two meters, then judging that crops belong to abnormal raw It is long, or leaf color is inclined yellow or spot occurs, also judges that crops belong to misgrowth.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that breeding time is the germination periods of crops, Seedling Stage, take out the climing phase and A period in fruiting period.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that when crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage ginseng of germination period Examining image includes samping off reference picture and subterranean pest-insect reference picture, and the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of Seedling Stage includes Damping-off reference picture, root rot reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid Reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture and liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, taking out corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase includes downy mildew Sick reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot ginseng Examine image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of fruiting period includes downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, target spot reference Image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, blight dis-ease reference picture, gray mold Reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture, liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test are with reference to figure Picture.
In the technical scheme, by the corresponding a variety of default pest and disease damage reference pictures of different growing, intuitively clearly Crops are determined because symptom occurs in pest and disease damage, comprehensively considers and causes the reason for crop growth is abnormal, and then at raising There is the efficiency of growth failure problem because of pest and disease damage in reason crops.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that plantation parameter regulation device also includes:Computing unit, based on Calculate the matching degree between growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with breeding time;Determining unit is also used In:When judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture Match somebody with somebody;Plantation parameter regulation device also includes:Reading unit, the attribute letter of the default pest and disease damage reference picture for reading matching Breath;Determining unit is additionally operable to:Determined to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation according to attribute information, wherein, sprinkling irrigation ginseng Number includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and deinsectization mode includes spray agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals is removed Worm mode.
In the technical scheme, by set computing unit be used for calculate grow image information it is corresponding with breeding time any Matching degree between default pest and disease damage reference picture, is additionally operable to judging matching degree more than or equal to default by determining unit During with spending, it is determined that growth image information is matched with default pest and disease damage reference picture, by setting reading unit, for reading matching Default pest and disease damage reference picture attribute information, by set determining unit be additionally operable to according to attribute information determine to crops The sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation is carried out, growth failure reason occurs by calculating reflection crops more directly perceived, simplifies artificial The step of carrying out image information comparison, saves time and human resources, improves processing crops and growth failure problem occurs Accuracy and efficiency.
Wherein, if the matching degree between growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture reaches setting matching degree (such as preset matching degree is more than or equal to 80%), then judge that the crop in crop map picture has with matching image identical pest and disease damage Or growth failure.
The additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will be provided in following description section, will partly be become from the following description Obtain substantially, or recognized by the practice of the present invention.
Brief description of the drawings
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the present invention will become from description of the accompanying drawings below to embodiment is combined Substantially and be readily appreciated that, wherein:
Fig. 1 shows that plantation parameter according to an embodiment of the invention regulates and controls the schematic flow diagram of method;
Fig. 2 shows the schematic block diagram of plantation parameter regulation device according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 shows the schematic block diagram of agricultural chemicals sprinkling irrigation terminal according to an embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
It is below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific real in order to be more clearly understood that the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention Mode is applied the present invention is further described in detail.It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, the implementation of the application Feature in example and embodiment can be mutually combined.
Many details are elaborated in the following description to facilitate a thorough understanding of the present invention, still, the present invention may be used also Implemented with being different from other modes described here using other, therefore, protection scope of the present invention is not by described below Specific embodiment limitation.
Embodiment 1:
Fig. 1 shows that plantation parameter according to an embodiment of the invention regulates and controls the schematic flow diagram of method.
Parameter regulation and control method is planted according to an embodiment of the invention as Fig. 1 is shown, including:Step S102, in detection When there is misgrowth parameter into the growth image information of crops, it is determined that the life of crops corresponding with misgrowth parameter Educate the phase;Step S104, determines at least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture, and judge growth image letter according to breeding time Whether breath matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;Step S106, is judging growth image information and any default disease pest During evil reference picture matching, determined to carry out deinsectization behaviour to crops according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching The sprinkling irrigation parameter of work.
In the technical scheme, during by there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Further, when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default disease pest of matching The attribute information of evil reference picture determines the sprinkling irrigation parameter to crops progress deinsectization operation, namely according to the default disease pest of matching Evil reference picture, determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve crops in time Pest and disease damage problem, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Specifically, first, the growth image information of the crops of acquisition characteristic growth parameter (it is as shown in table 1 with when Between the parameter growth conditions and stem higher size that define), wherein, growth image information possesses geographic area attribute, by right Characteristic growth Parameter analysis determines that crops belong to misgrowth, secondly, and growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Image is compared, and not only can quickly determine pest and disease damage type, and pest and disease damage degree can also be determined in time, also, using automatically controlled The crops for the geographic area of pest and disease damage occur pointedly are sprayed by sprinkling irrigation terminal.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferable that there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Specifically include:Recognize the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information of crops;Judging characteristic growth parameter(s) whether with default spy Levy growth parameter(s) matching;It is when judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, characteristic growth parameter is true It is set to misgrowth parameter, wherein, stem size of the characteristic growth parameter including crops, stem color, leaf color, adjacent blades At least one in the diversity factor of size.
In the technical scheme, the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information by recognizing crops, judging characteristic life Whether long parameter matches with default characteristic growth parameter, by not judging characteristic growth parameter and default characteristic growth parameter not Timing, misgrowth parameter is defined as by characteristic growth parameter, wherein, characteristic growth parameter includes the stem size of crops, stem At least one in color, leaf color, the diversity factor of adjacent blades size, judges in time and exactly whether crops belong to Misgrowth.
Specifically, presetting growth parameter(s) characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the phase of crops At least one in the diversity factor of adjacent blade dimensions, for example, cucumber is tying the tendril length of climing phase up to more than three meters, blade is in Existing palmate, blade is big and thin and in green, and such as crops are tying climing phase stem length less than two meters, then judging that crops belong to abnormal raw It is long, or leaf color is inclined yellow or spot occurs, also judges that crops belong to misgrowth.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that breeding time is the germination periods of crops, Seedling Stage, take out the climing phase and A period in fruiting period.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that when crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage ginseng of germination period Examining image includes samping off reference picture and subterranean pest-insect reference picture, and the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of Seedling Stage includes Damping-off reference picture, root rot reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid Reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture and liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, taking out corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase includes downy mildew Sick reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot ginseng Examine image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of fruiting period includes downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, target spot reference Image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, droop reference picture, above-mentioned powdery mildew reference picture, blight dis-ease reference picture, ash Mildew reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture, liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test ginseng Examine image.
In the technical scheme, by the corresponding a variety of default pest and disease damage reference pictures of different growing, intuitively clearly Crops are determined because symptom occurs in pest and disease damage, comprehensively considers and causes the reason for crop growth is abnormal, and then at raising There is the efficiency of growth failure problem because of pest and disease damage in reason crops.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that judging growth image information and any default pest and disease damage reference During images match, determined to carry out crops the spray of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Parameter is filled, is specifically included:Calculate between growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with breeding time With degree;When judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture Matching;Read the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching;Determined to carry out deinsectization to crops according to attribute information The sprinkling irrigation parameter of operation, wherein, sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and deinsectization mode includes spray Agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
In the technical scheme, by calculating growth image information any default pest and disease damage corresponding with breeding time with reference to figure Matching degree as between, by when judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information is with presetting Pest and disease damage reference picture is matched, the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture by reading matching, true according to attribute information , there is growth failure reason by calculating reflection crops more directly perceived in the fixed sprinkling irrigation parameter that crops are carried out with deinsectization operation, The step of simplifying artificial progress image information comparison, saves time and human resources, improves processing crops and gives birth to The accuracy and efficiency of long abnormal problem.
Wherein, if the matching degree between growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture reaches setting matching degree (such as preset matching degree is more than or equal to 80%), then judge that the crop in crop map picture has with matching image identical pest and disease damage Or growth failure.
Fig. 2 shows the schematic block diagram of plantation parameter regulation device according to an embodiment of the invention.
Plantation parameter regulation device 200 according to an embodiment of the invention as shown in Figure 2, including:Determining unit 202, During for there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, it is determined that corresponding with misgrowth parameter The breeding time of crops;It is additionally operable to determine at least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture according to breeding time, and judges life Whether long image information matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;It is additionally operable to judging that grow image information presets with any When pest and disease damage reference picture is matched, determined to remove crops according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching The sprinkling irrigation parameter of worm operation.
In the technical scheme, by setting determining unit 202, in the growth image information of crops is detected When there is misgrowth parameter, it is determined that the breeding time of crops corresponding with misgrowth parameter, is additionally operable to true according to breeding time At least one fixed corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture, and judge whether growth image information refers to any default pest and disease damage Images match, is additionally operable to when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the pre- of matching If the attribute information of pest and disease damage reference picture determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation, namely according to the pre- of matching If pest and disease damage reference picture, determine to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve agriculture in time The pest and disease damage problem of crop, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Specifically, first, the growth image information of the crops of acquisition characteristic growth parameter (it is as shown in table 1 with when Between the parameter growth conditions and stem higher size that define), wherein, growth image information possesses geographic area attribute, by right Characteristic growth Parameter analysis determines that crops belong to misgrowth, secondly, and growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Image is compared, and not only can quickly determine pest and disease damage type, and pest and disease damage degree can also be determined in time, also, using automatically controlled The crops for the geographic area of pest and disease damage occur pointedly are sprayed by sprinkling irrigation terminal.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that plantation parameter regulation device 200 also includes:Recognition unit 204, For the characteristic growth parameter for the growth image information for recognizing crops;Judging unit 206, be for judging characteristic growth parameter(s) It is no to be matched with default characteristic growth parameter;Determining unit 202 is additionally operable to:Judging characteristic growth parameter and default characteristic growth ginseng When number is mismatched, characteristic growth parameter is defined as misgrowth parameter, wherein, characteristic growth parameter includes the stem chi of crops At least one in very little, stem color, leaf color, the diversity factor of adjacent blades size.
In the technical scheme, by setting recognition unit 204, the feature of the growth image information for recognizing crops Whether growth parameter(s), by setting judging unit 206, match for judging characteristic growth parameter(s) with default characteristic growth parameter, By setting determining unit 202 to be additionally operable to when judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, by feature Growth parameter(s) is defined as misgrowth parameter, in time and judge whether crops belong to misgrowth exactly.
Specifically, presetting growth parameter(s) characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the phase of crops At least one in the diversity factor of adjacent blade dimensions, for example, cucumber is tying the tendril length of climing phase up to more than three meters, blade is in Existing palmate, blade is big and thin and in green, and such as crops are tying climing phase stem length less than two meters, then judging that crops belong to abnormal raw It is long, or leaf color is inclined yellow or spot occurs, also judges that crops belong to misgrowth.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that breeding time is the germination periods of crops, Seedling Stage, take out the climing phase and A period in fruiting period.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that when crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage ginseng of germination period Examining image includes samping off reference picture and subterranean pest-insect reference picture, and the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of Seedling Stage includes Damping-off reference picture, root rot reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid Reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture and liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, taking out corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase includes downy mildew Sick reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot ginseng Examine image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of fruiting period includes downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, target spot reference Image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, blight dis-ease reference picture, gray mold Reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture, liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test are with reference to figure Picture.
In the technical scheme, by the corresponding a variety of default pest and disease damage reference pictures of different growing, intuitively clearly Crops are determined because symptom occurs in pest and disease damage, comprehensively considers and causes the reason for crop growth is abnormal, and then at raising There is the efficiency of growth failure problem because of pest and disease damage in reason crops.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that plantation parameter regulation device 200 also includes:Computing unit 208, For calculating the matching degree between growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with breeding time;Determining unit 202 are additionally operable to:When judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Images match;Plantation parameter regulation device 200 also includes:Reading unit 210, for reading the default pest and disease damage of matching with reference to figure The attribute information of picture;Determining unit 202 is additionally operable to:Determine that the sprinkling irrigation that crops are carried out with deinsectization operation is joined according to attribute information Number, wherein, sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and deinsectization mode includes spray agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode And/or irrigate agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
In the technical scheme, by set computing unit 208 be used for calculate grow image information it is corresponding with breeding time Matching degree between any default pest and disease damage reference picture, is additionally operable to be more than or wait in judgement matching degree by determining unit 202 When preset matching is spent, it is determined that growth image information is matched with default pest and disease damage reference picture, by setting reading unit 210, For the attribute information for the default pest and disease damage reference picture for reading matching, by setting determining unit 202 to be additionally operable to according to attribute Information determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation growth failure occur by calculating reflection crops more directly perceived Reason, the step of simplifying artificial progress image information comparison, saves time and human resources, improves processing crops and goes out The accuracy and efficiency of existing growth failure problem.
Wherein, if the matching degree between growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture reaches setting matching degree (such as preset matching degree is more than or equal to 80%), then judge that the crop in crop map picture has with matching image identical pest and disease damage Or growth failure.
Wherein, it is worth it is emphasized that determining unit 202 and computing unit 208 can be plantation parameter regulation devices 200 processor, single-chip microcomputer and microcontroller, recognition unit 204 can be the image recognition group of cultivated ginseng number regulation device 200 Part, specifically includes camera, wave filter and Laplace transform device etc., and judging unit 206 can be cultivated ginseng number regulation device 200 comparator, reading unit 210 can be the memory of cultivated ginseng number regulation device 200 or the communication with storage capacity Component, communication component can be antenna.
Fig. 3 shows the schematic block diagram of agricultural chemicals sprinkling irrigation terminal according to an embodiment of the invention.
As Fig. 3 shows agricultural chemicals sprinkling irrigation terminal 300 according to an embodiment of the invention, including memory 302, processing Device 304 and the computer program that can be run on memory 302 and on processor 304 is stored in, processor 304 is deposited for execution Realize that step includes during the computer program stored in reservoir 302:Exist in the growth image information for detecting crops different When being frequently grown parameter, it is determined that the breeding time of crops corresponding with misgrowth parameter;According to breeding time determine it is corresponding at least One default pest and disease damage reference picture, and judge whether growth image information matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture; When judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Attribute information determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation.
In the technical scheme, during by there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Further, when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default disease pest of matching The attribute information of evil reference picture determines the sprinkling irrigation parameter to crops progress deinsectization operation, namely according to the default disease pest of matching Evil reference picture, determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve crops in time Pest and disease damage problem, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Specifically, first, the growth image information of the crops of acquisition characteristic growth parameter (it is as shown in table 1 with when Between the parameter growth conditions and stem higher size that define), wherein, growth image information possesses geographic area attribute, by right Characteristic growth Parameter analysis determines that crops belong to misgrowth, secondly, and growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Image is compared, and not only can quickly determine pest and disease damage type, and pest and disease damage degree can also be determined in time, also, using automatically controlled The crops for the geographic area of pest and disease damage occur pointedly are sprayed by sprinkling irrigation terminal.
Wherein, using cucumber as an example for the crops of plantation, then the breeding time of cucumber is as shown in table 1 below.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferable that there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Specifically include:Recognize the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information of crops;Judging characteristic growth parameter(s) whether with default spy Levy growth parameter(s) matching;It is when judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, characteristic growth parameter is true It is set to misgrowth parameter, wherein, stem size of the characteristic growth parameter including crops, stem color, leaf color, adjacent blades At least one in the diversity factor of size.
In the technical scheme, the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information by recognizing crops, judging characteristic life Whether long parameter matches with default characteristic growth parameter, by not judging characteristic growth parameter and default characteristic growth parameter not Timing, misgrowth parameter is defined as by characteristic growth parameter, wherein, characteristic growth parameter includes the stem size of crops, stem At least one in color, leaf color, the diversity factor of adjacent blades size, judges in time and exactly whether crops belong to Misgrowth.
Specifically, presetting growth parameter(s) characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the phase of crops At least one in the diversity factor of adjacent blade dimensions, for example, cucumber is tying the tendril length of climing phase up to more than three meters, blade is in Existing palmate, blade is big and thin and in green, and such as crops are tying climing phase stem length less than two meters, then judging that crops belong to abnormal raw It is long, or leaf color is inclined yellow or spot occurs, also judges that crops belong to misgrowth.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that breeding time is the germination periods of crops, Seedling Stage, take out the climing phase and A period in fruiting period.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that when crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage ginseng of germination period Examining image includes samping off reference picture and subterranean pest-insect reference picture, and the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of Seedling Stage includes Damping-off reference picture, root rot reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid Reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture and liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, taking out corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase includes downy mildew Sick reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot ginseng Examine image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of fruiting period includes downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, target spot reference Image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, droop reference picture, above-mentioned powdery mildew reference picture, blight dis-ease reference picture, ash Mildew reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture, liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test ginseng Examine image.
In the technical scheme, by the corresponding a variety of default pest and disease damage reference pictures of different growing, intuitively clearly Crops are determined because symptom occurs in pest and disease damage, comprehensively considers and causes the reason for crop growth is abnormal, and then at raising There is the efficiency of growth failure problem because of pest and disease damage in reason crops.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that judging growth image information and any default pest and disease damage reference During images match, determined to carry out crops the spray of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Parameter is filled, is specifically included:Calculate between growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with breeding time With degree;When judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture Matching;Read the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching;Determined to carry out deinsectization to crops according to attribute information The sprinkling irrigation parameter of operation, wherein, sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and deinsectization mode includes spray Agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
In the technical scheme, by calculating growth image information any default pest and disease damage corresponding with breeding time with reference to figure Matching degree as between, by when judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information is with presetting Pest and disease damage reference picture is matched, the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture by reading matching, true according to attribute information , there is growth failure reason by calculating reflection crops more directly perceived in the fixed sprinkling irrigation parameter that crops are carried out with deinsectization operation, The step of simplifying artificial progress image information comparison, saves time and human resources, improves processing crops and gives birth to The accuracy and efficiency of long abnormal problem.
Wherein, if the matching degree between growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture reaches setting matching degree (such as preset matching degree is more than or equal to 80%), then judge that the crop in crop map picture has with matching image identical pest and disease damage Or growth failure.
Embodiments in accordance with the present invention propose a kind of computer-readable recording medium, are stored thereon with computer program, Realize that step includes when computer program is executed by processor:Exist in the growth image information for detect crops abnormal raw During long parameter, it is determined that the breeding time of crops corresponding with misgrowth parameter;According to breeding time determine it is corresponding at least one Default pest and disease damage reference picture, and judge whether growth image information matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;Judging When growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the attribute of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Information determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation.
In the technical scheme, during by there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Further, when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default disease pest of matching The attribute information of evil reference picture determines the sprinkling irrigation parameter to crops progress deinsectization operation, namely according to the default disease pest of matching Evil reference picture, determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve crops in time Pest and disease damage problem, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Specifically, first, the growth image information of the crops of acquisition characteristic growth parameter (it is as shown in table 1 with when Between the parameter growth conditions and stem higher size that define), wherein, growth image information possesses geographic area attribute, by right Characteristic growth Parameter analysis determines that crops belong to misgrowth, secondly, and growth image information is referred to default pest and disease damage Image is compared, and not only can quickly determine pest and disease damage type, and pest and disease damage degree can also be determined in time, also, using automatically controlled The crops for the geographic area of pest and disease damage occur pointedly are sprayed by sprinkling irrigation terminal.
Wherein, using cucumber as an example for the crops of plantation, then the breeding time of cucumber is as shown in table 1 below.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferable that there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, Specifically include:Recognize the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information of crops;Judging characteristic growth parameter(s) whether with default spy Levy growth parameter(s) matching;It is when judging that characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with default characteristic growth parameter, characteristic growth parameter is true It is set to misgrowth parameter, wherein, stem size of the characteristic growth parameter including crops, stem color, leaf color, adjacent blades At least one in the diversity factor of size.
In the technical scheme, the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information by recognizing crops, judging characteristic life Whether long parameter matches with default characteristic growth parameter, by not judging characteristic growth parameter and default characteristic growth parameter not Timing, misgrowth parameter is defined as by characteristic growth parameter, wherein, characteristic growth parameter includes the stem size of crops, stem At least one in color, leaf color, the diversity factor of adjacent blades size, judges in time and exactly whether crops belong to Misgrowth.
Specifically, presetting growth parameter(s) characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the phase of crops At least one in the diversity factor of adjacent blade dimensions, for example, cucumber is tying the tendril length of climing phase up to more than three meters, blade is in Existing palmate, blade is big and thin and in green, and such as crops are tying climing phase stem length less than two meters, then judging that crops belong to abnormal raw It is long, or leaf color is inclined yellow or spot occurs, also judges that crops belong to misgrowth.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that breeding time is the germination periods of crops, Seedling Stage, take out the climing phase and A period in fruiting period.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that when crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage ginseng of germination period Examining image includes samping off reference picture and subterranean pest-insect reference picture, and the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of Seedling Stage includes Damping-off reference picture, root rot reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid Reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture and liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, taking out corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase includes downy mildew Sick reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot ginseng Examine image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of fruiting period includes downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, target spot reference Image, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, droop reference picture, above-mentioned powdery mildew reference picture, blight dis-ease reference picture, ash Mildew reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture, liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test ginseng Examine image.
In the technical scheme, by the corresponding a variety of default pest and disease damage reference pictures of different growing, intuitively clearly Crops are determined because symptom occurs in pest and disease damage, comprehensively considers and causes the reason for crop growth is abnormal, and then at raising There is the efficiency of growth failure problem because of pest and disease damage in reason crops.
In any of the above-described technical scheme, it is preferable that judging growth image information and any default pest and disease damage reference During images match, determined to carry out crops the spray of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Parameter is filled, is specifically included:Calculate between growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with breeding time With degree;When judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture Matching;Read the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching;Determined to carry out deinsectization to crops according to attribute information The sprinkling irrigation parameter of operation, wherein, sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and deinsectization mode includes spray Agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
In the technical scheme, by calculating growth image information any default pest and disease damage corresponding with breeding time with reference to figure Matching degree as between, by when judging that matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, it is determined that growth image information is with presetting Pest and disease damage reference picture is matched, the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture by reading matching, true according to attribute information , there is growth failure reason by calculating reflection crops more directly perceived in the fixed sprinkling irrigation parameter that crops are carried out with deinsectization operation, The step of simplifying artificial progress image information comparison, saves time and human resources, improves processing crops and gives birth to The accuracy and efficiency of long abnormal problem.
Wherein, if the matching degree between growth image information and default pest and disease damage reference picture reaches setting matching degree (such as preset matching degree is more than or equal to 80%), then judge that the crop in crop map picture has with matching image identical pest and disease damage Or growth failure.
Technical scheme is described in detail above in association with accompanying drawing, the present invention proposes a kind of plantation parameter regulation and control side Method and plantation parameter regulation device, during by there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, enter One step, when judging that growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default pest and disease damage of matching The attribute information of reference picture determines the sprinkling irrigation parameter to crops progress deinsectization operation, namely according to the default pest and disease damage of matching Reference picture, determines to carry out crops the sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation in time, namely solve the disease of crops in time Pest problem, reduces deinsectization except the cost of labor of disease, improves the survival rate and yield of crops.
Step in the inventive method can according to actual needs the adjustment of carry out order, merge and delete.
Unit in apparatus of the present invention can be combined, divided and deleted according to actual needs.
One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that all or part of step in the various methods of above-described embodiment is can To instruct the hardware of correlation to complete by program, the program can be stored in a computer-readable recording medium, storage Medium include read-only storage (Read-Only Memory, ROM), random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM), programmable read only memory (Programmable Read-only Memory, PROM), erasable programmable is read-only deposits Reservoir (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory, EPROM), disposable programmable read-only storage (One- Time Programmable Read-Only Memory, OTPROM), the electronics formula of erasing can make carbon copies read-only storage (Electrically-Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory, EEPROM), read-only optical disc (Compact Disc Read-Only Memory, CD-ROM) or other disk storages, magnetic disk storage, magnetic tape storage or can For carrying or any other computer-readable medium of data storage.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. one kind plantation parameter regulation and control method, it is characterised in that including:
When there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, it is determined that with the misgrowth parameter pair The breeding time of the crops answered;
At least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture is determined according to the breeding time, and judges the growth image information Whether matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;
When judging that the growth image information is matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the described pre- of matching If the attribute information of pest and disease damage reference picture determines to carry out the crops sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation.
2. plantation parameter regulation and control method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the growth figure for detecting crops As there is misgrowth parameter in information, specifically include:
Recognize the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information of the crops;
Judge whether the characteristic growth parameter matches with default characteristic growth parameter;
It is when judging that the characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with the default characteristic growth parameter, the characteristic growth parameter is true It is set to the misgrowth parameter,
Wherein, the characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the adjacent blades size of the crops Diversity factor at least one.
3. plantation parameter regulation and control method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The breeding time is the germination period, Seedling Stage, the period taken out in climing phase and fruiting period of the crops.
4. plantation parameter regulation and control method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that
When the crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of the germination period include samping off reference picture and Subterranean pest-insect reference picture, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of the Seedling Stage includes damping-off reference picture, root rot Reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture With liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase of taking out includes the downy mildew reference picture, institute Epidemic disease reference picture, the anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot are stated with reference to figure Picture, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of the fruiting period includes the downy mildew reference picture, the epidemic disease with reference to figure Picture, the target spot reference picture, the bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, the droop reference picture, above-mentioned powdery mildew Reference picture, the blight dis-ease reference picture, the gray mold reference picture, the aphid reference picture, thrips reference Image, the aleyrodid reference picture, the liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test reference picture.
5. plantation parameter regulation and control method according to any one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterised in that described to judge institute Growth image information is stated when being matched with any default pest and disease damage reference picture, according to the default pest and disease damage reference of matching The attribute information of image is determined to carry out the crops sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation, specifically included:
Calculate between the growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference picture corresponding with the breeding time With degree;
When judging that the matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, the growth image information and the default disease pest are determined Evil reference picture matching;
Read the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching;
Determined to carry out the crops sprinkling irrigation parameter of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information,
Wherein, the sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and the deinsectization mode includes spray agricultural chemicals Deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
6. one kind plantation parameter regulation device, it is characterised in that including:
Determining unit, during for there is misgrowth parameter in the growth image information for detecting crops, it is determined that with it is described The breeding time of the corresponding crops of misgrowth parameter;
The determining unit is additionally operable to:At least one corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture is determined according to the breeding time, and Judge whether the growth image information matches with any default pest and disease damage reference picture;
The determining unit is additionally operable to:Matched in the judgement growth image information with any default pest and disease damage reference picture When, determined to carry out the crops spray of deinsectization operation according to the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture of matching Fill parameter.
7. plantation parameter regulation device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that also include:
Recognition unit, the characteristic growth parameter of the growth image information for recognizing the crops;
Judging unit, for judging whether the characteristic growth parameter matches with default characteristic growth parameter;The determining unit It is additionally operable to:When judging that the characteristic growth parameter is mismatched with the default characteristic growth parameter, the characteristic growth is joined Number is defined as the misgrowth parameter,
Wherein, the characteristic growth parameter includes stem size, stem color, leaf color, the adjacent blades size of the crops Diversity factor at least one.
8. plantation parameter regulation device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that
The breeding time is the germination period, Seedling Stage, the period taken out in climing phase and fruiting period of the crops.
9. plantation parameter regulation device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that
When the crops are cucumber, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of the germination period include samping off reference picture and Subterranean pest-insect reference picture, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of the Seedling Stage includes damping-off reference picture, root rot Reference picture, anthracnose reference picture, downy mildew reference picture, epidemic disease reference picture, melon aphid reference picture, cucumber beetle reference picture With liriomyza bryoniae reference picture, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of climing phase of taking out includes the downy mildew reference picture, institute Epidemic disease reference picture, the anthracnose reference picture, droop reference picture, powdery mildew reference picture, target spot are stated with reference to figure Picture, bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, aphid reference picture, thrips reference picture, aleyrodid reference picture and cucumber beetle reference Image, the corresponding default pest and disease damage reference picture of the fruiting period includes the downy mildew reference picture, the epidemic disease with reference to figure Picture, the target spot reference picture, the bacterial angular leaf spot reference picture, the droop reference picture, above-mentioned powdery mildew Reference picture, the blight dis-ease reference picture, the gray mold reference picture, the aphid reference picture, thrips reference Image, the aleyrodid reference picture, the liriomyza bryoniae reference picture and pathogenicity test reference picture.
10. the plantation parameter regulation device according to any one of claim 6 to 9, it is characterised in that also include:
Computing unit, for calculating the growth image information any default pest and disease damage reference corresponding with the breeding time Matching degree between image;
The determining unit is additionally operable to:When judging that the matching degree is spent more than or equal to preset matching, the growth figure is determined As information is matched with the default pest and disease damage reference picture;
The plantation parameter regulation device also includes:
Reading unit, the attribute information of the default pest and disease damage reference picture for reading matching;
The determining unit is additionally operable to:Determine that the sprinkling irrigation that the crops are carried out with deinsectization operation is joined according to the attribute information Number,
Wherein, the sprinkling irrigation parameter includes agricultural chemicals type, agricultural chemicals liquid measure and deinsectization mode, and the deinsectization mode includes spray agricultural chemicals Deinsectization mode and/or irrigation agricultural chemicals deinsectization mode.
CN201710525615.XA 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 Plant parameter regulation and control method and plantation parameter regulation device Pending CN107211706A (en)

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