CN107203238B - A kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol method - Google Patents

A kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107203238B
CN107203238B CN201710460887.6A CN201710460887A CN107203238B CN 107203238 B CN107203238 B CN 107203238B CN 201710460887 A CN201710460887 A CN 201710460887A CN 107203238 B CN107203238 B CN 107203238B
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greenhouse
supporter
heat pump
light
solar panel
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CN107203238A (en
Inventor
裴文平
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Jiangsu Song Feng Agricultural Development Co., Ltd.
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Jiangsu Song Feng Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of the preceding main groups characterised by the use of electric means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/243Collecting solar energy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/245Conduits for heating by means of liquids, e.g. used as frame members or for soil heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/26Electric devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D23/00Control of temperature
    • G05D23/19Control of temperature characterised by the use of electric means
    • G05D23/20Control of temperature characterised by the use of electric means with sensing elements having variation of electric or magnetic properties with change of temperature
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D3/00Control of position or direction
    • G05D3/12Control of position or direction using feedback
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Greenhouse System, which includes greenhouse body, the photovoltaic module at the top of greenhouse body, geothermal heat pump and integrated control unit.The present invention creatively uses rotatable solar panel tracking sunray technology, significantly improves the generating efficiency of solar panel.Solar energy and both clean energy resourcies of geothermal energy are applied to Greenhouse System by the present invention simultaneously simultaneously, effectively reduce the energy consumption and carbon emission of Greenhouse System.Also provided is a kind of Greenhouse System autocontrol methods of intelligent and high-efficiency.

Description

A kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol methods, more particularly to a kind of to utilize geothermal energy and solar energy Greenhouse System and its control method.
Background technology
Greenhouse System is the important component of modern agriculture, because greenhouse has Anti-Typhoon, acid rain preventing, temperature-controllable etc. Function is capable of providing and gives crop one good growing environment.Demand and application of the development of modern agriculture to new energy are also got over Come more extensive, and the heating of Greenhouse System at present mainly uses the modes such as coal burning water heating, gas and hot water and warm air oil furnace, uses Electric then be completely dependent on the power supply of municipal power grid, above-mentioned heating mode, which directly results in, to be released great amount of carbon dioxide isothermal chamber gas and has Evil gas seriously endangers ecological environment.
In addition the control method of existing Greenhouse System is relatively simple, labor intensive is high and automated procedures are relatively low, Can not adapt to modern agriculture automatically controls demand.Therefore it is badly in need of exploitation one kind and makes full use of clean energy resource and highly automated control Greenhouse System.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of Greenhouse System, which includes:Greenhouse body is located at the greenhouse Photovoltaic module, geothermal heat pump and the integrated control unit of body top;Wherein, the greenhouse body includes the One supporter is highly less than the second supporter of first supporter, by first supporter and second supporter Be made and be in tilted layout light-transmitting plate, closely the heat pump computer room on the outside of first supporter, be located under the heat pump machine premises Rainwater collection pool and multiple axial flow blowers for being fixed below the light-transmitting plate;The photovoltaic module includes along institute It states the horizontal multiple chain wheel transmission shafts for being equally spaced and being located at the light transmission plate surface on greenhouse body length direction, be fixed on Polylith solar panel on the chain wheel transmission shaft, positioned at the driving mechanism on first supporter top, by the drive The power of motivation structure output is transferred to chain and power storage module on multiple chain wheel transmission shafts;The geothermal heat pump Including be arranged in the heat pump computer room heat pump unit, be connected with described heat pump unit one end and be passed down through the rainwater collection Ji Chi and buried multichannel U-typed underground buried tube are connected with described heat pump unit one end and are supported mounted on described first The tail end air conditioner of internal upper lateral part.
Preferably, second supporter is steel structure body and outer surface is equipped with tempered glass.
Preferably, the second supporter exterior bottom is additionally provided with rainwater-collecting slot and one end and the rainwater-collecting The rainwater drainage tube that slot is connected and the other end is connected with the rainwater collection pool.
Preferably, it is additionally provided at the top of the solar panel of the top with the solar panel towards phase Middle and lower part is provided with temperature sensor on the inside of photosensitive sensor together, first supporter.
Preferably, it is sprocket wheel at the center of the chain wheel transmission shaft.
Preferably, be evenly arranged with multiple LED light on the inside of the light-transmitting plate, the LED light include multiple red LED lamps, Multiple blue LED lamps and multiple white LED lamps.
Preferably, the wavelength of the blue LED lamp is 450~460nm or 460~470nm;The wave of the red LED lamp A length of 620-630nm or 640-660nm.
Preferably, further include the rainer being connected with the rainwater collection pool.
Preferably, the integrated control unit includes central processing unit, photovoltaic controller, heat pump controller, signal light control Device, controller of fan, air-conditioner controller, Spray Irrigation Controller and touching display screen.
Also provided is a kind of autocontrol method using geothermal energy and the Greenhouse System of solar energy, this method includes Following steps:
A) photosensitive sensor obtains sunlight illumination intensity value Y and the illumination intensity value Y is transmitted to institute in real time Central processing unit is stated, subsequently into step b);
The temperature sensor obtains the temperature T in the Greenhouse System and is transmitted to the temperature value T described in real time Central processing unit, subsequently into step f);
B) central processing unit judges the intensity of illumination Y obtained and starts the numerical values recited of threshold value S, works as Y<It is then returned when S It returns step a) and reacquires sunlight illumination intensity value Y, start the driving mechanism as Y >=S and enter step c);
The central processing unit judges the intensity of illumination Y obtained and light threshold values Y0Numerical values recited, work as Y<Y0When then open The LED light, works as Y>Y0Shi Ze turns off the LED light, is then back to step a) and reacquires sunlight illumination intensity value Y;
C) driving mechanism rotates clockwise and drives the slow uniform rotation of the solar panel, the photosensitive biography Sensor obtains a series of illumination intensity value Y in the solar panel rotation processiAnd it is transmitted to the central processing unit, Subsequently into step d);
D) central processing unit judges the intensity of illumination Y obtainedi-1、YiBetween size and Yi, start between threshold value S Size;Work as S<Yi<Yi-1Shi Suoshu driving mechanisms stop operating and return to step after keeping halted state one hour immediately c);Work as Yi<The driving mechanism rotates and the solar panel is driven to return to original state counterclockwise when S, subsequently into Step e);
E) driving mechanism and again return to step a) are then closed after the solar panel returns to original state;
F) central processing unit judges the temperature T obtained and threshold temperature T1、T2Numerical values recited, work as T<T1Shi Zekai It opens the tail end air conditioner to heat up, works as T>T2When then open the tail end air conditioner and cool down, work as T2<T<T1When then close institute Tail end air conditioner is stated, the temperature T being then back in step a) the reacquisitions Greenhouse System.
In conclusion a kind of Greenhouse System of the present invention and its autocontrol method have energy saving well and environment protecting and The advantages that solar energy generating efficiency is high, earth source heat pump operational efficiency is high, overall construction design ingenious compact, high degree of automation.
It should be appreciated that aforementioned description substantially and follow-up description in detail are exemplary illustration and explanation, it should not As the limitation to the claimed content of the present invention.
Description of the drawings
With reference to the attached drawing of accompanying, the more purposes of the present invention, function and advantage are by the as follows of embodiment through the invention Description is illustrated, wherein:
Fig. 1 schematically shows the diagrammatic cross-section of Greenhouse System of the present invention;
Fig. 2 schematically shows the dimensional structure diagram of Greenhouse System of the present invention;
Fig. 3 schematically shows the integrated control unit module schematic diagram of Greenhouse System of the present invention;
Fig. 4 schematically shows the autocontrol method flow chart of Greenhouse System of the present invention;
Fig. 5 schematically shows the diagrammatic cross-section of Greenhouse System photovoltaic module second embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 schematically shows the band-like film photovoltaic module of Greenhouse System photovoltaic module second embodiment of the present invention Schematic diagram.
Specific implementation mode
By reference to exemplary embodiment, the purpose of the present invention and function and the side for realizing these purposes and function Method will be illustrated.However, the present invention is not limited to exemplary embodiment as disclosed below;Can by different form come It is realized.The essence of specification is only to aid in the detail of the various equivalent modifications Integrated Understanding present invention.
Hereinafter, the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.In the accompanying drawings, identical reference numeral represents identical Or similar component or same or like step.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 diagrammatically illustrates a kind of diagrammatic cross-section of Greenhouse System 100 of the invention respectively and stereochemical structure is shown It is intended to, which includes:Greenhouse body 1, the photovoltaic module 2 positioned at 1 top of greenhouse body, earth source heat pump Device 3 and integrated control unit 4.The Greenhouse System 100 fully utilizes two kinds of clean energy resourcies of solar energy and geothermal energy, has Good energy saving and environment protecting.
Greenhouse body 1 is built using main framework integrated design, has stronger Anti-Typhoon and earthquake resisting performance.Temperature Room main body 1 includes the first supporter 101, is highly less than the second supporter 102 of the first supporter 101, by the first supporter 101 The light-transmitting plate 103 that is made and is in tilted layout with the second supporter 102, closely the heat pump computer room 104 in 1 outside of the first supporter, position In 104 underground of heat pump computer room rainwater collection pool 105 and be fixed on multiple axial flow blowers 106 of the lower section of light-transmitting plate 103.
First supporter 101, heat pump computer room 104 and rainwater collection pool 105 are that reinforcing bar mixes territory structure, are effectively protected The fastness and stability of greenhouse body 1 are demonstrate,proved.
Second supporter 102 is steel structure body and outer surface is equipped with transparent tempered glass 110, the second supporter 102 exterior bottoms are additionally provided with rainwater-collecting slot 108 and one end and are connected with rainwater-collecting slot 108 and the other end and rainwater-collecting The connected rainwater drainage tube 109 in pond 105.In addition rainwater collection pool 105 is also associated with to provide to greenhouse implants and irrigates and spray Rainer 5, so as to effectively save water resource, especially suitable for dry area in north china.
103 inside of light-transmitting plate is evenly arranged with multiple LED light 107, and LED light 107 includes multiple red LED lamps, Duo Gelan Light LED light and multiple white LED lamps.The wavelength of blue LED lamp is 450~460nm or 460~470nm;The wave of red LED lamp A length of 620-630nm or 640-660nm.The light source of these wavelength is all that plant is allowed to generate best photosynthesis, is planted in addition to giving Object when lacking light between in obtain outside light filling, also allow plant to promote the differentiation of multiple side shoot and bud in growth course, accelerate rhizome Leaf is grown, and is accelerated the synthesis of plant carbohydrates and the synthesis of vitamin, is shortened the growth cycle of plant.
Photovoltaic module 2, including level is equally spaced and is located at light-transmitting plate along 1 length direction of greenhouse body Multiple chain wheel transmission shafts 202 on 103 surfaces, are located at first at the solar panel 201 being fixed on chain wheel transmission shaft 202 The power that driving mechanism 204 exports is transferred to the chain on multiple chain wheel transmission shafts 202 by the driving mechanism 204 on 101 top of support body Item 203 and the power storage module 205 at the top of heat pump computer room 104.Solar panel 201 preferably uses high thin of light transmittance Film solar cell plate, to meet warm indoor crops as far as possible in the case where ensureing generating efficiency to the saturating of sunray Light demand is to meet the normal growth demand of crop.
Specifically, driving mechanism 204 is passed by the chain being made of the sprocket wheel at 202 center of chain 203 and chain wheel transmission shaft Motivation structure drive sprocket transmission shaft 202 slowly rotates, and then solar panel 201 is driven slowly to rotate and adjust and sunlight The incident angle of line farthest improves the generating efficiency of solar panel 201.
Chain wheel transmission shaft 202 is fixed on by the bearing at its both ends on the main body frame of greenhouse body 1, while the polylith sun It can be mounted on to 201 equidistant isoclinic angle of solar panel on chain wheel transmission shaft 202 and be rotated together with chain wheel transmission shaft 202, in addition Solar panel 201 also can easily unload on accessary sprocket wheel transmission shaft 202, to maintain easily, repair and replace behaviour Make.
The electric energy that photovoltaic module 2 generates is stored in power storage module 205, and power storage module 205 can be to Greenhouse System 100 Other interior electrical equipments provide electric energy, only can just be automatically switched to when the electricity insufficient supply of power storage module 205 public Power grid powering mode, to reduce the cost of the electricity charge as far as possible.In addition power storage module 205 can also be carried to geothermal heat pump 3 For supply of electric power, realize that the supply of electric power of Greenhouse System 100 is reached self-sufficiency as far as possible.
Geothermal heat pump 3, including the heat pump unit 301 being arranged in heat pump computer room 104 and 301 one end of heat pump unit Be connected and be passed down through rainwater collection pool 105 and buried multichannel U-typed underground buried tube 302, with 301 one end of heat pump unit It is connected and mounted on the tail end air conditioner 303 of 101 inside upper part of the first supporter.Rainwater collection pool 105 serves not only as above-mentioned sprinkling irrigation The water source of device 5 is also used as the heat exchange medium of underground buried tube 302 in geothermal heat pump 3.
Heat pump unit 301 includes compressor, evaporator, condenser and expansion valve, and cooling is as follows with heating process:
1) temperature-fall period:Compressor in heat pump unit 301 does work to refrigerant, it is made to carry out the cycle of vapour-liquid conversion, leads to The evaporation of refrigerant will be by the entrained heat absorption of tail end air conditioner 303 (also referred to as " fan coil ") cycle to cold in pervaporation device In matchmaker, in refrigerant circulation simultaneously again by the condensation of refrigerant in condenser, the waterway circulating that is made of underground buried tube 302 is by refrigerant Entrained heat absorption, finally by water in loop jump to rainwater collection pool 105, underground water and underground.In greenhouse During interior heat is constantly transferred to underground, by tail end air conditioner 303 as greenhouse cooling in the form of cold wind.
2) heating process:Compressor in heat pump unit 301 does work to refrigerant, and by reversal valve by refrigerant flow direction Commutation.The waterway circulating being made of underground buried tube 302 drinks up the rain the heat in collecting pit 105, underground water and underground, leads to The evaporation for crossing refrigerant in condenser passes through steaming again by the heat absorption to refrigerant in waterway circulating while refrigerant circulation The condensation for sending out refrigerant in device, by tail end air conditioner 303 by the heat absorption entrained by refrigerant.Heat in underground is constantly transferred to temperature During room, by tail end air conditioner 303 to greenhouse heating in the form of hot wind.
Integrated control unit 4, as shown in figure 3, integrated control unit 4 include for judge the central processing unit 401 of operation, For controlling the photovoltaic controller 402 of photovoltaic module 2, the heat pump controller 403 for controlling heat pump unit 301, using In the lamp dimmer 404 of the control switch of LED light 107, the controller of fan 405 for controlling the switch of axial flow blower 106, it is used for The air-conditioner controller 406 of control tail end air conditioner 303, Spray Irrigation Controller 407 and touching display screen for controlling rainer 5 408。
The top of the solar panel 201 of the top is additionally provided with solar panel 201 towards identical photosensitive Sensor 206,101 inside middle and lower part of the first supporter are provided with temperature sensor 304.Photosensitive sensor 206 and temperature sensing Device 304 is respectively used to the temperature value T outside sunlight light intensity value Y and greenhouse, the light intensity value Y and temperature outside induction greenhouse Value T real-time Transmissions to central processing unit 401, further from central processing unit 401 according to Y value and T values judge processing and to Integrated control unit 4 sends out control information.
In addition as shown in figure 4, the invention also discloses a kind of autocontrol method 200 of Greenhouse System 100, this method 200 include the following steps:
A) photosensitive sensor 206 obtains sunlight illumination intensity value Y and the illumination intensity value Y is transmitted to center in real time Processor 401, subsequently into step b);
Temperature sensor 304 obtains the temperature T in Greenhouse System 100 and temperature value T is transmitted to central processing in real time Device 401, subsequently into step f);
B) central processing unit 401 judges the intensity of illumination Y obtained and starts the numerical values recited of threshold value S, works as Y<It is then returned when S Step a) reacquires sunlight illumination intensity value Y, and the driving mechanism 204 for starting photovoltaic module 2 as Y >=S is gone forward side by side Enter step c);
Central processing unit 401 judges the intensity of illumination Y obtained and light threshold values Y0Numerical values recited, work as Y<Y0When then open LED light 107, works as Y>Y0Shi Ze turns off LED light 107, is then back to step a) and reacquires sunlight illumination intensity value Y;
C) driving mechanism 204 rotates clockwise and drives 201 slow uniform rotation of solar panel, photosensitive sensor 206 obtain a series of illumination intensity value Y in 201 rotation process of solar paneliAnd it is transmitted to central processing unit 401, so After enter step d);
D) central processing unit 401 judges the intensity of illumination Y obtainedi-1、YiBetween size and Yi, start between threshold value S Size;Work as S<Yi<Yi-1When driving mechanism 204 stop operating immediately and return to step after keeping halted state one hour c);Work as Yi<Driving mechanism 204 rotates and solar panel 201 is driven to return to original state counterclockwise when S, subsequently into step It is rapid e);
E) driving mechanism 204 and again return to step a) are then closed after solar panel 201 returns to original state;
F) central processing unit 401 judges the temperature T obtained and threshold temperature T1、T2Numerical values recited, work as T<T1When then open Tail end air conditioner 303 heats up, and works as T>T2When then open tail end air conditioner 303 and cool down, work as T2<T<T1When then close end sky 303 are adjusted, the temperature T being then back in step a) reacquisition Greenhouse Systems 100.
The angle that above-mentioned autocontrol method 200 passes through lasting adjust automatically solar panel 201 and sunlight light Relationship, to effectively ensure that the generating efficiency of solar panel 201 is in optimum state always, autocontrol method in addition Startup threshold value S, light threshold values Y in 2000, threshold temperature T1With T2Threshold value setting can be carried out according to actual demand, while certainly Flowing control method 200 can also switch consummately MANUAL CONTROL mode at any time.
In addition, the invention also discloses a kind of second embodiment (solar energies of foregoing description of photovoltaic module 2 Volt module 2 is first embodiment), as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, the photovoltaic module 2 in the second embodiment includes multi-ribbon Shape membrane photovoltaic component 207, the driving wheel 208 positioned at 101 top of the first supporter and the first directive wheel 209 are located at second Second directive wheel 210, the third directive wheel and power storage module positioned at 101 bottom inside of the first supporter at 102 top of support body 206.Photosensitive sensor 206 in the second embodiment is then located at, the top of the first supporter 101 and and flexible thin-film battery 207a is towards identical, and driving wheel 208 is respectively positioned on 101 top of the first supporter with the second directive wheel 210 and spacing is closer.
As shown in fig. 6, the spacing between driving wheel 208 and the first directive wheel 209 is equal to driving wheel 208 and third directive wheel Between spacing.Band-like film photovoltaic module 207 can by flexible thin-film battery 207a, sunshade net 207b, light transmission net 207c head and the tail Dismounting is stitched together, and wherein flexible thin-film battery 207a and sunshade net 207b account for band-like film photovoltaic module 207 always respectively The a quarter of length.
As shown in figure 5, driving wheel 208 drives the band-like film photovoltaic module 207 to be led successively around driving wheel 208, first It is rotated clockwise to the 209, second directive wheel 210 of wheel and third directive wheel.When flexible thin-film battery 207a is turned to When 103 outmost surface of tabula rasa, then greenhouse space 100 enters electrification energy storage pattern;When sunshade net 207b turns to light-transmitting plate 103 most When outer surface, then greenhouse space 100 enters sunshade anti glare anti static coatings pattern;When light transmission net 207c turns to 103 outmost surface of light-transmitting plate When, then greenhouse space 100 enters photosynthesis pattern.
Photovoltaic module 2 in the second embodiment uses multi-functional band-like film photovoltaic module 207, has The advantages that overall construction design is ingenious compact, multiple-working mode and intelligence degree are high.
In conclusion a kind of Greenhouse System of the present invention 100 dexterously answers solar energy and geothermal energy both clean energy resourcies For Greenhouse System, the energy consumption and carbon emission of Greenhouse System are effectively reduced, while also creatively being used rotatable 207 technology of solar panel 201 or band-like film photovoltaic module, also provided is a kind of Greenhouse Systems of intelligent and high-efficiency 100 autocontrol methods, therefore a kind of Greenhouse System 100 and its autocontrol method using geothermal energy and solar energy of the invention 200 have energy saving well and environment protecting and solar energy generating efficiency height, earth source heat pump operational efficiency height, overall construction design The advantages that ingenious compact, high degree of automation.
The attached drawing is only schematical and draws not in scale.Although have been combined preferred embodiment to the present invention into Description is gone, it is to be understood that protection scope of the present invention is not limited to embodiment as described herein.
Explanation in conjunction with the present invention disclosed here and practice, the other embodiment of the present invention is for those skilled in the art It all will be readily apparent and understand.Illustrate and embodiment is regarded only as being exemplary, true scope of the invention and purport are equal It is defined in the claims.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Greenhouse System, the Greenhouse System include:Greenhouse body, the photovoltaic mould at the top of the greenhouse body Block, geothermal heat pump and integrated control unit;Wherein,
The greenhouse body includes the first supporter, is highly less than the second supporter of first supporter, by described first Supporter and second support body supports and the light-transmitting plate of inclination arrangement, the closely heat pump machine on the outside of first supporter Room, the rainwater collection pool under the heat pump machine premises and the multiple axial flow blowers being fixed below the light-transmitting plate;
The photovoltaic module include along the greenhouse body length direction level be equally spaced and positioned at described Multiple chain wheel transmission shafts on tabula rasa surface, are located at described the at the polylith solar panel being fixed on the chain wheel transmission shaft The power that the driving mechanism exports is transferred to the chain on multiple chain wheel transmission shafts by the driving mechanism on one supporter top Item and power storage module;
The geothermal heat pump includes the heat pump unit being arranged in the heat pump computer room, is connected with described heat pump unit one end And it is passed down through the rainwater collection pool and buried multichannel U-typed underground buried tube, is connected with described heat pump unit one end And mounted on the tail end air conditioner of the first supporter inside upper part.
2. Greenhouse System according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second supporter is steel structure body and outside table Face is equipped with tempered glass.
3. Greenhouse System according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The second supporter exterior bottom also sets up rain Water collecting groove and the rainwater drainage tube that one end is connected with the rainwater-collecting slot and the other end is connected with the rainwater collection pool.
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CN201710460887.6A CN107203238B (en) 2017-06-18 2017-06-18 A kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol method
CN201810868253.9A CN108925308A (en) 2017-06-18 2017-06-18 A kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol method based on solar energy
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CN201810868401.7A Division CN108646832B (en) 2017-06-18 2017-06-18 Greenhouse system based on solar energy and ground source heat pump
CN201810868253.9A Division CN108925308A (en) 2017-06-18 2017-06-18 A kind of Greenhouse System and its autocontrol method based on solar energy
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