CN107201234A - A kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application - Google Patents

A kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107201234A
CN107201234A CN201710497372.3A CN201710497372A CN107201234A CN 107201234 A CN107201234 A CN 107201234A CN 201710497372 A CN201710497372 A CN 201710497372A CN 107201234 A CN107201234 A CN 107201234A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
modifying agent
alkaline land
soda alkaline
inland
land modifying
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710497372.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李婷婷
孙慧
王宇
吴迪
彭湃
王恩彪
王远
胥维昌
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Sinochem Corp
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Shenyang Research Institute of Chemical Industry
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Priority to CN201710497372.3A priority Critical patent/CN107201234A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/40Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2101/00Agricultural use
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2109/00MATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE pH regulation

Abstract

The present invention relates to alkaline land modifying agent, specifically a kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application.Modifying agent of the present invention is made up of sulfuric acid, natural minerals, natural polymer, organic materials, organic solid waste, after proportionally it is fully mixed, you can obtain soda alkaline land modifying agent.The present invention is applied to the improvement of inland soda alkaline land, is applied to result after field test and shows pH decreased 1.2 2.2, salt content declines 20 42%, and rice transplanting survival rate reaches 100%, and rice yield amount of increase in production reaches 7~10 times on heavy salinized ground.Soda alkaline land modifying agent preparation method of the present invention is simple, and application cost is relatively low, notable to the improved effect in salt-soda soil, and plays a part of increase harvest.

Description

A kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to alkaline land modifying agent, specifically a kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application.
Background technology
According to the 2nd national overall survey of soil statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture, China's saline-alkali soil gross area 3466 × 104hm2, wherein ploughing Accounting for 16.6%, song-Nen plain is one of dodium thiosulfate saline-alkali soil areal concentration of the world three, wetland with saline-alkaline area is 380 × 104hm2, wherein arable land 127 × 104hm2.Salt ion is main with Na in soda alkaline land soil+、Ca2+、CO3 2-、HCO3-For Main, ground vegetation is sparse, and bioaccumulation is weak, and soil leaching is faint, is unfavorable for natural vegetation group in vegetation growth, area Based on meadow steppe and desert steppe, only a small amount of low yield farmland, and it is many there are problems that being short of seedling, the underproduction even, oneself Right utilization ratio is extremely low.In order to ensure the grain-production safety of China, improve the ecological environment, improve land utilization ratio, need badly and add Fast alkaline land improving.
The ameliorative measure for being presently used for administering salt-soda soil is more including physically improved:Level land, deep plough sun the earth which has been ploughed up, soil moved in improve the original Press alkali etc.;Hydraulic engineering is improved:Including irrigation and drainage are supporting, storage fresh water on saline-alkali land for leaching, washing salinity by irrigation etc.;Biological modification:Plant salt-tolerant plant, apply With microbial-bacterial fertilizer etc.;Chemical modifying:Gypsuming, calcium superphosphate, humic acid, silico-calcium mineral etc.;Integrated treatment measure:Including Physics, chemistry, microbiological comprehensive are used.With costly, slowly effect, be difficult to a wide range of popularization and application, salinization and alkalization compared with High area, microorganism is difficult survival, substantially reduces its effective rate of utilization.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to overcome prior art cost height, slowly effect, being difficult to the deficiency such as popularization and application, there is provided one Plant inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent, it is characterised in that:Modifying agent is 10% sulfuric acid solution 5- by weight ratio 20%th, natural minerals 5-35%, natural polymer 1-20%, organic materials 5-30%, organic solid waste 10-40% compositions;It is several The synergy of material, has remarkable result to the reparation in salt-soda soil.
The natural minerals are one kind or several combinations in desulfurated plaster, zeolite, vermiculite.
The natural polymer is one kind or several combinations in algal polysaccharides, humic acid, cellulose.
The organic materials is:Peat and/or straw carbon.
The organic solid waste is:Carboxylate (sugar calcium), green manure, one kind in farm manure or several combinations.Wherein, carboxylic Hydrochlorate (sugar calcium) is an accessory substance of Gourmet Powder Factory, containing a variety of carboxyls, hydroxyl, calcium ion etc., is one nontoxic mixed Compound;Green manure be with green plants system into fertilizer;Farm manure obtains for poultry manure.
Above-mentioned modifying agent, by the addition of sulfuric acid, can quick sweetening of the soil acid-base value, natural minerals, organic materials with And the addition of the material such as natural polymer can improve soil granular structure, improve the content of organic matter, microelement-supplementing, and profit With sodium ion in the effect displacement salt-soda soil of the different kinds of ions (such as calcium ion) in each material of organic solid waste, salt damage is reduced, And then enable soil quality fast lifting.
The preparation method of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent, respectively by weight than 10% sulfuric acid solution 5-20%, natural ore deposit Thing 5-35%, natural polymer 1-20%, organic materials 5-30%, organic solid waste 10-40% are fully uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed in proportion Compound, you can obtain soda alkaline land modifying agent.
Soda alkaline land modifying agent preparation method of the present invention is simple, and raw materials used is generally nontoxic industrial agriculture waste Thing or accessory substance, wide material sources, application cost are low.
The application of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent, by soil pH > 9.5, the above-mentioned modifying agent 150-350kg of every mu of administration, Soil pH value 8.5-9.5, every mu is applied modifying agent 50-150kg.
Compared with prior art, the method have the advantages that:
Modifying agent of the present invention fast and effectively salt reduction can remove alkali, adjust soil granular structure, chesson, improve organic Trace element needed for matter content, supplement plant growth.By field plot trial, plant growth can be promoted, and dramatically increase Yield, be specially:
(1) modifying agent of the present invention can reduce soil pH value rapidly, and the nutrients such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium are supplemented in time, are carried High buffering power of soil, promotes the formation of soil granular structure, lifts soil quality.
(2) by field test, paddy rice survival rate of transplanting seedlings has compared with existing patent (application number 201110347412.9) Improved, the patented product main component includes the materials, survival rate of transplanting seedlings such as organic matter, calcium activated, calcium superphosphate, aluminum sulfate 85-98%.Modifying agent of the present invention survival rate of transplanting seedlings reaches 100%.Effect of increasing production and existing patent (application number 2013102339784.9) compared to greatly improving, the patented product main component is charcoal, ardealite, ammonium humate, urea Deng material, increase production 9.9-22.3%, modifying agent of the present invention reaches 7-10 times for middle severe soda alkaline land increasing production of rice.This hair Bright every mu of ground use cost 200-300 member of modifying agent, existing similar products application cost reaches 600-1000 members/mu.Current pin Field demonstration phase is rested on to inland soda alkaline land reparation, large-scale promotion is not yet carried out, high cost is farmland improvement Bottleneck, modifying agent of the present invention is respectively provided with industrialization prospect in cost and application effect.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, to this Invention is further described.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only to explain the present invention, without constituting Limitation of the present invention.
Modifying agent of the present invention is made up of sulfuric acid, natural minerals, natural polymer, organic materials, organic solid waste, according to than After example fully mixes it, you can obtain soda alkaline land modifying agent.The present invention is applied to the improvement of inland soda alkaline land, applies In field test, as a result show pH decreased 1.2-2.2, salt content declines 20-42%, and rice transplanting survival rate reaches 100%, yield amount of increase in production reaches 7~10 times.Soda alkaline land modifying agent preparation method of the present invention is simple, is applied to This is relatively low, notable to the improved effect in salt-soda soil, and plays a part of increase harvest.
In following embodiments, carboxylate (sugar calcium) is an accessory substance of Gourmet Powder Factory, containing a variety of carboxyls, hydroxyl, calcium from Son etc., is a nontoxic mixture.Green manure is the fertilizer that the present embodiment uses pulse family green plants to be made.Farm manure is The present embodiment is obtained using poultry manure.
Embodiment 1:Produce raw material and method needed for 100kg products:
Respectively by 10% sulfuric acid 20kg, desulfurated plaster 20kg, algal polysaccharides 5kg, humic acid 5kg, peat 5kg, carboxylate (sugar calcium) 10kg, green manure 20kg, farm manure 15kg, you can obtain soda alkaline land modifying agent.
When in use, by soil pH > 9.5, every mu is applied modifying agent 150-200kg, soil pH value 8.5-9.5, and every mu is applied Use modifying agent 50-150kg.
Embodiment 2:Produce raw material and method needed for 100kg products:
Respectively by 10% sulfuric acid 15kg, desulfurated plaster 30kg, cellulose 5kg, humic acid 5kg, straw carbon 5kg, carboxylate (sugar calcium) 15kg, leguminous green manure 15kg, farm manure 10kg, fully mix and can obtain soda alkaline land modifying agent.
When in use, by soil pH > 9.5, every mu is applied modifying agent 200-300kg, soil pH value 8.5-9.5, and every mu is applied Use modifying agent 100-200kg.
Embodiment 3:Produce raw material and method needed for 100kg products:
10% sulfuric acid 10kg, desulfurated plaster 15kg, vermiculite 10kg, cellulose 10kg, humic acid 10kg, peat 10kg, carboxylic Hydrochlorate (sugar calcium) 15kg, leguminous green manure 10kg, farm manure 10kg.Fully it is uniformly mixed so as to obtain and obtains soda alkaline land modifying agent.
When in use, by soil pH > 9.5, every mu is applied modifying agent 250-350kg, soil pH value 8.5-9.5, and every mu is applied Use modifying agent 150-250kg.
Embodiment 4:
By the above-mentioned inland soda alkaline land modifying agent for preparing in Jilin Province Fuyu County, Longjiang County of Heilongjiang Province salt-soda soil Carry out field comparison test, experimental field in song-Nen plain soda alkaline land areal concentration, this area exist substantial amounts of solonchak, Salt ion is main with Na in the soil such as alkaline earth, Period in Salinization Meadow soil+、Ca2+、CO3 2-、HCO3 -Based on.Ground vegetation is dilute in salt-soda soil Dredge, bioaccumulation is weak, and soil leaching is faint, be unfavorable in vegetation growth, area natural vegetation group be meadow steppe and Based on desert steppe, only a small amount of low yield farmland, and it is many there are problems that being short of seedling, the underproduction or even, natural utilization ratio pole It is low.
With conventional (not applying modifying agent) and application contrast product as a control group, test group applies above-described embodiment and obtained The modifying agent obtained, while rice cultivation, the specific data of paddy growth are as shown in table 1,2.Contrast product main component is ardealite.
After above-described embodiment modifying agent is applied, soil pH value is substantially reduced, and crumb structure and gas permeability are significantly improved, and are had Machine matter is significantly improved, and seedling-slowing stage paddy rice survival rate is increased substantially, and then plays production-increasing function.
The Jilin Province Fuyu County salt-soda soil field test data of table 1
Longjiang County of the Heilongjiang Province varieties in saline-alkali areas field test data of table 2
As can be seen from the table, after the season of trial zone farming one, soil salt content highest declines 28%, and pH value highest declines 2.1, paddy rice survival rate of transplanting seedlings reaches 100%, and rice yield amount of increase in production reaches 7-10 times, is superior to contrast product.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent, it is characterised in that:Modifying agent by weight ratio be 10% sulfuric acid solution 5-20%, Natural minerals 5-35%, natural polymer 1-20%, organic materials 5-30%, organic solid waste 10-40% compositions.
2. soda alkaline land modifying agent in inland according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The natural minerals are desulfurization stone One kind or several combinations in cream, zeolite, vermiculite.
3. a kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The natural polymer is One kind or several combinations in algal polysaccharides, humic acid, cellulose.
4. a kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The organic materials is: Peat and/or straw carbon.
5. a kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The organic solid waste is: Carboxylate (sugar calcium), green manure, one kind in farm manure or several combinations.
6. the preparation method of soda alkaline land modifying agent in inland according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Respectively by weight Than 10% sulfuric acid solution 5-20%, natural minerals 5-35%, natural polymer 1-20%, organic materials 5-30%, organic solid waste 10-40% is fully uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixture in proportion, you can obtain soda alkaline land modifying agent.
7. the application of soda alkaline land modifying agent in inland according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:By soil pH > 9.5, The above-mentioned modifying agent 150-350kg of every mu of administration, soil pH value 8.5-9.5, every mu is applied modifying agent 50-150kg.
CN201710497372.3A 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 A kind of inland soda alkaline land modifying agent and application Pending CN107201234A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107746354A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-03-02 吉林农业大学 A kind of Soda saline and alkaline soils modifying agent GLS changes alkaline agent and preparation method thereof
CN108083953A (en) * 2018-01-20 2018-05-29 斯科沃肥业(山东)有限公司 A kind of saline-alkali land soil conditioner
CN108546216A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-18 吉林农业大学 A kind of Soda saline and alkaline soils modifying agent and preparation method thereof
CN108865161A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-11-23 沈阳化工研究院有限公司 A kind of compound alkaline land modifying agent and its preparation and application
CN110218130A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-10 沈阳化工研究院有限公司 In one kind, the rice in saline-alkali field soaked field agent of severe inland and application
CN112724985A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-04-30 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Soda saline-alkali soil conditioner, preparation method and use method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101481281A (en) * 2009-02-03 2009-07-15 吉林省新世纪农业科技有限公司 Comprehensive treatment agent for soda alkaline land and use method thereof
CN103069944A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-05-01 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Method for quickly modifying severe soda alkali-saline soil
CN104861982A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-26 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Conditioner used for mild soda saline-alkali soil
CN106147774A (en) * 2015-04-08 2016-11-23 祝明福 A kind of reparation modifying agent administering soda class salt-soda soil salt affected soil of fostering and apply fertilizer

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101481281A (en) * 2009-02-03 2009-07-15 吉林省新世纪农业科技有限公司 Comprehensive treatment agent for soda alkaline land and use method thereof
CN103069944A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-05-01 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Method for quickly modifying severe soda alkali-saline soil
CN106147774A (en) * 2015-04-08 2016-11-23 祝明福 A kind of reparation modifying agent administering soda class salt-soda soil salt affected soil of fostering and apply fertilizer
CN104861982A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-08-26 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Conditioner used for mild soda saline-alkali soil

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107746354A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-03-02 吉林农业大学 A kind of Soda saline and alkaline soils modifying agent GLS changes alkaline agent and preparation method thereof
CN108083953A (en) * 2018-01-20 2018-05-29 斯科沃肥业(山东)有限公司 A kind of saline-alkali land soil conditioner
CN108546216A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-09-18 吉林农业大学 A kind of Soda saline and alkaline soils modifying agent and preparation method thereof
CN108865161A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-11-23 沈阳化工研究院有限公司 A kind of compound alkaline land modifying agent and its preparation and application
CN108865161B (en) * 2018-08-02 2021-03-05 沈阳化工研究院有限公司 Composite saline-alkali soil modifier and preparation and application thereof
CN110218130A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-10 沈阳化工研究院有限公司 In one kind, the rice in saline-alkali field soaked field agent of severe inland and application
CN112724985A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-04-30 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Soda saline-alkali soil conditioner, preparation method and use method

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