CN107190719B - The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head - Google Patents

The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107190719B
CN107190719B CN201710580730.7A CN201710580730A CN107190719B CN 107190719 B CN107190719 B CN 107190719B CN 201710580730 A CN201710580730 A CN 201710580730A CN 107190719 B CN107190719 B CN 107190719B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gate
sealing rod
bracer
upstream
slot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201710580730.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107190719A (en
Inventor
汪哲荪
Original Assignee
汪哲荪
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 汪哲荪 filed Critical 汪哲荪
Priority to CN201710580730.7A priority Critical patent/CN107190719B/en
Publication of CN107190719A publication Critical patent/CN107190719A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107190719B publication Critical patent/CN107190719B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02CSHIP-LIFTING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS
    • E02C1/00Locks or dry-docks; Shaft locks, i.e. locks of which one front side is formed by a solid wall with an opening in the lower part through which the ships pass
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B7/00Barrages or weirs; Layout, construction, methods of, or devices for, making same
    • E02B7/20Movable barrages; Lock or dry-dock gates
    • E02B7/26Vertical-lift gates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B7/00Barrages or weirs; Layout, construction, methods of, or devices for, making same
    • E02B7/20Movable barrages; Lock or dry-dock gates
    • E02B7/54Sealings for gates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The invention discloses the vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head, navigation of the ship in upstream lock head ship lock mouth a when changing greatly suitable for upstream navigable water stage.The open-close sluice gate mode of this vertical two-fold gate use flexibly closes ship lock mouth a etc. in high water level starting gate b navigation, in low water level starting gate a and gate b navigation, joint gate a and gate b.Gate a can be stopped at bracer device a, gate b is stopped at bracer device b or the height of bracer device c, and to sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d water-filling expansion carry out gate sealing.Have the characteristics that safe, structurally reasonable, quick, ferryboat is more, the navigation time is short, opening and closing flexibly, water-stagnating effect is good, save water, runs convenient, be a kind of gate of advanced vertical lift ship lock.

Description

The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head
Technical field
The present invention relates to the gate of vertical lift ship lock, specifically embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head is vertical Two-fold gate.
Background technique
Currently, usually ship lock uses mitring gate for the gate of lock head, when embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream is opened the navigation or air flight SEA LEVEL VARIATION it is big when, upstream lock head need to build very high gate, so mitring gate cannot be applicable in.
The contents of the present invention
For the deficiency of above-mentioned lock gate, the present invention proposes the vertical two-fold of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head Gate changes situation greatly suitable for ship lock upstream navigable water stage, can open and close flexibly, shorten the ferryboat time, saves water, operation Simple and direct navigation.
The present invention solves technical problem and uses the following technical solution: embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream of the invention The vertical two-fold gate of lock head, include pedestal, barricade a, barricade b, barricade c, gate slot a, gate slot b, gate slot c, gate a, gate b, Bracer device a, bracer device b, bracer device c, sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d, sealing rod e etc..It is described Embed-type vertical lift ship lock be connected with upper approach, upstream lock head, ferryboat slot, downstream lock head, lower approach in turn. The upstream lock head is embedded in massif, is in rectangular box shaped.There are pedestal, upstream side to have rectangle in the bottom of this upstream lock head Ship lock mouth a, left side there is barricade a, right side to there is barricade b, downstream side to have the ship lock mouth b for having rectangle on barricade c and barricade c, this The structure bilateral symmetry of upstream lock head.The bottom surface of the ship lock mouth a is higher than lower than upstream lowest navigable stage and its top surface Upstream highest navigable stage.The bottom surface of the ship lock mouth b is higher than ferryboat water level lower than ferryboat water level and its top surface.Institute It states the barricade a at ship lock mouth a, have vertical parallel gate slot a, gate slot b on barricade b, this gate slot a is located at the upstream side of gate slot b. There is horizontal gate slot c on the base top surface, the left end of this gate slot c is connect with the bottom end gate slot a of barricade a, the right side of this gate slot c End is connect with the bottom end gate slot a of barricade b, this gate slot c and the gate slot a are wide.Activity is mounted with described in twice gate slot a Gate a, activity is mounted with the gate b in twice gate slot b.Have at the ship lock mouth a at the top of barricade a, barricade b Open and close platform connection.There are headstock gear a and headstock gear b on the opening and closing platform, this headstock gear a opening and closing gate a, this headstock gear The b opening and closing gate b.Gate a away from base top surface adds at gate b height, all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot a described in twice There is the bracer device a.Gate a away from base top surface adds at gate b height, all buries in the bottom surface of gate slot b described in twice The bracer device b, these bracer device a and bracer device b is equipped with to be all located in same horizontal line.Lock away from base top surface At door a height, all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot b described in twice to have the bracer device c, this two bracer device c are located at In same horizontal line.There is pump house in the massif close to the pedestal, the water in the upstream lock head, ferryboat slot is all by this pump Room input or discharge.The upper approach is deep ridge, has gate c on the ship lock mouth b.
Gate a, the gate b is rectangle plane gate, this gate a or gate b upstream face both sides of the edge, under Sliding block is fitted on trip face both sides of the edge, two sides.There is horizontal fin a in the upper edge of the gate a downstream face, There is horizontal fin b at the lower edge of the gate b upstream face, is mounted with sealing rod e on this horizontal fin b, these levels are convex The equal length of rib a, horizontal fin b, sealing rod e.There is support at the gate a, the bottom surface of gate b and two side angles of cut Block slot, these bracer slots are rectangular channel, and the groove top face of these bracer slots is inclined-plane.The top the gate a in twice gate slot a slot Face is all to have wirerope, this two wirerope are connect with the headstock gear a.The top surface the gate b is all in two gate slot b slots There is wirerope in system, this two wirerope are connect with the headstock gear b.
There are vertical caulking groove, the length of this caulking groove and the gate a high on the downstream cell wall of the lower part gate slot a described in twice Spend equal, be fitted with " ∟ in this two caulking grooves " backplate of shape, the lateral surface of this backplate and the barricade a's or barricade b Metope is concordant, this backplate and the caulking groove constitute rectangular groove, is fitted with sealing rod a in this twice groove.The bottom of away from There are vertical caulking groove, the length of this caulking groove and institute on the upstream cell wall of gate slot b described in twice more than seat top surface one gate a height The height of the gate b stated is equal, is fitted with " ∟ in this two caulking grooves " backplate of shape, the lateral surface of this backplate and the gear The metope of wall a or barricade b are concordant, this backplate and the caulking groove constitute rectangular groove, are fitted in this twice groove Sealing rod b.Barricade a between the gate slot a and gate slot b has horizontal direction groove on the metope of barricade b, in this twice water It puts down and is fitted with sealing rod c into groove.The upstream end of the sealing rod c is connect with the top of sealing rod a, the sealing rod c Downstream connect with the bottom end of sealing rod b.There is horizontal direction caulking groove on the downstream cell wall of the base top surface gate slot c, at this " ∟ is installed in caulking groove " backplate of shape, the either flush of the lateral surface of this backplate and the pedestal, this backplate with it is described embedding Slot constitutes rectangular groove, and sealing rod d is equipped in this groove.The left end of the sealing rod d and the bottom sealing rod a of barricade a End connection, the right end of the sealing rod d are connect with the bottom end sealing rod a of barricade b.By on barricade a sealing rod b, sealing rod c, Sealing rod e on sealing rod a, the sealing rod d on pedestal, the sealing rod a on barricade b, sealing rod c, sealing rod b and gate b Connect into the sealing on the ship lock mouth a.The sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d inside have water-filling Chamber has connector in the side of these sealing rods a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d, connects the pressure water on these connectors Pipe is drawn through the pipeline in barricade a or barricade b.When non-water-filling in sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d, two Sealing rod a bounces back to be resetted in the groove of the downstream gate slot a groove face, exposed face it is concordant with gate slot a downstream groove face;Two Sealing rod b bounces back to be resetted in the groove of the upstream gate slot b groove face, exposed face it is concordant with gate slot b upstream groove face;Two Sealing rod c bounces back to be resetted in the groove of barricade a or barricade b metope, exposed face it is flat with barricade a or barricade b metope Together;Sealing rod d retraction is resetted in the groove of the downstream gate slot c groove face, exposed face it is concordant with gate slot c downstream cell wall.When only Water bar a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, when water-filling carries out sealing in sealing rod d, the exposed face of two sealing rod a is bloated in gate slot a Downstream groove face, be respectively butted on the two sides of gate a downstream face;The exposed face of two sealing rod b is bloated in the upstream slot of gate slot b Face is respectively butted on the two sides of gate b upstream face;The exposed face of two sealing rod c is bloated in the metope of barricade a or barricade b, respectively It is butted on two end faces of horizontal fin a, sealing rod e, horizontal fin b;The exposed face of sealing rod d is bloated in the downstream slot of gate slot c Face is butted on the feather edge of gate a downstream face.When closing ship lock mouth a, the sealing rod e on the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on gate a Horizontal fin a.
The casing b of the bracer device b is rectangular box shape, is equipped with free bearing b on the downside in this casing b, It is hinged with bracer b on this free bearing b, this bracer b is rectangle.Hydraulic cylinder b is installed on the bottom surface in the casing b, this The piston rod of hydraulic cylinder b is articulated with the bracer b.When the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder b retraction, bracer b is transferred in casing b multiple Position, the lateral surface of bracer b are concordant with the exposed face of casing b;When the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder b stretches out, machine is produced on the top of bracer b Outside shell b.Bracer device a, the bracer device c is identical as the structure of bracer device b, connect the hydraulic cylinder a, hydraulic cylinder b, The hydraulic tube of hydraulic cylinder c is drawn through the pipeline in barricade a or barricade b.When upstream, navigable water stage is higher, and ship lock mouth a only needs to open When the current ship of gate b, sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, all non-water-filling in sealing rod d, all retraction is in respective groove Interior reset.Bracer a, bracer b, bracer c, which are transferred in respective casing, to be resetted.The bottom surface of gate a is seated the gate slot c of pedestal Interior, the bottom surface of gate b is seated the top surface of pedestal, and ship is travelled in the top of gate a, gate b.When upstream navigable water stage compared with It is low, when ship lock mouth a needs starting gate a, gate b current ship, sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, all do not fill in sealing rod d Water, all retraction are resetted in respective groove.Two pieces of bracer a are produced out of respective casing a, are butted on two of the bottom gate a Inclined-plane in bracer slot is stopped at gate a on bracer device a.Two pieces of bracer b are produced out of respective casing b, are butted on gate b Inclined-plane in two bracer slots of bottom, gate b is stopped on bracer device b.Two pieces of bracer c are transferred in respective casing c multiple Position, ship are travelled in the lower section of gate a, gate b.As closing ship lock mouth a, when ship drives towards ferryboat slot from upstream lock head, gate a Bottom surface be seated in the gate slot c of pedestal, two pieces of bracer c are produced out of respective casing c, are supportted in two of the bottom gate b supports In block slot, gate b is stopped on the bracer device c of gate slot b, the level that the sealing rod e of the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on gate a is convex On rib a.To water-filling in two sealing rod a, the sealing rod a of expansion is respectively butted on the two sides of gate a downstream face.To two sealing rods Water-filling in b, the sealing rod b of expansion are respectively butted on the two sides of gate b upstream face.To water-filling in two sealing rod c, the sealing of expansion C is respectively butted on the both ends of horizontal fin a, sealing rod e, horizontal fin b.To water-filling in sealing rod d, the sealing rod d of expansion is supported In the feather edge of gate a downstream face.Then, upstream water delivery in lock head, ship go up with the water level in the lock head of upstream and are increased, After the water in the lock head of upstream up to starting gate c after ferryboat water level, ship drives towards ferryboat slot from upstream lock head.
The operation method of the embed-type vertical two-fold gate of vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head according to claim 1, according to It is secondary to carry out according to the following steps, it is characterised in that:
1) when in upper approach water level it is higher, the case where only needing starting gate b current ship:
(1) lock head downlink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head, in upstream lock head and upper approach After water level is concordant, the pressure of high pressure water in two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c is released, allows two sealing rod b, two sealing rods C, which is retracted in groove, to be resetted.Gate b opened upwards by headstock gear b after hanging, start two hydraulic cylinder c two pieces of bracer c are retracted it is respective It is resetted in casing c, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b to the top surface of pedestal.At that time, gate a and gate b is in ship lock mouth a Lower part.
(2) ship from upper approach after driving into upstream lock head above gate a, gate b, by headstock gear b gate b The position for hanging bracer device c is opened upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder c and releases respective bracer c out of two casing c, then by opening Machine b falls downward gate b is closed, until gate b is stopped at two in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two by two bracer c supports On bracer device c.At this moment, the sealing rod e of the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on the horizontal fin a of gate a.To two sealing rods A, high pressure water is injected in two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, sealing rod d, and two sealing rod a are respectively butted on the downstream gate a The two sides in face are respectively butted on two sealing rod b the two sides of gate b upstream face, and two sealing rod c are respectively butted on horizontal fin A, sealing rod e, two ends of horizontal fin b and sealing rod d are butted on the feather edge of gate a downstream face.At that time, gate a and Gate b closes ship lock mouth a.
(3) by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head and ferryboat slot, ship goes up with the water level in the lock head of upstream and is increased, to After water in upstream lock head and ferryboat slot all reaches ferryboat water level, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened, ship drives into from upstream lock head Ferryboat slot completes the navigation of upstream lock head downlink ship.
(4) lock head uplink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head and ferryboat slot, to upstream lock head and ferryboat slot After interior water all reaches ferryboat water level, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened.After ship drives into upstream lock head from ferryboat slot, lock is turned off Door c.
(5) by the water in pump house discharge upstream lock head, ship declines with the water level decreasing in the lock head of upstream, to upstream lock It is first it is concordant with the water level in upper approach after, release the pressure of high pressure water in two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, allow two Sealing rod b, two sealing rod c are retracted in groove and are resetted.Gate b opened by headstock gear b after hanging upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder c Two pieces of bracer c are retracted in respective casing c and are resetted, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b to the top surface of pedestal.Ship from Upstream lock head is driven into upper approach above gate a, gate b, and the uplink for completing ship in upstream lock head is opened the navigation or air flight.
2) when in upper approach water level it is lower, the case where needing starting gate a, gate b current ship:
(1) lock head downlink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head, in upstream lock head and upper approach After water level is concordant, release two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, in sealing rod d high pressure water pressure, allow two Root sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, sealing rod d, which are retracted in groove, to be resetted.It is by headstock gear b that gate b is upward The position for hanging bracer device b is opened, starts two hydraulic cylinder b and releases respective bracer b out of two casing b, then by headstock gear b Falls downward gate b, until gate b is stopped at two supports in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two by two bracer b supports On block assembly b.Start two hydraulic cylinder c two pieces of bracer c are retracted in respective casing c and resets.From headstock gear a gate a to On open the position for hanging bracer device a, start two hydraulic cylinder a and release respective bracer a out of two casing a, then by opening and closing Machine a falls downward gate a, until gate a is stopped at two in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate a two by two bracer a supports On bracer device a.At that time, gate a and gate b is stopped at the top of ship lock mouth a.
(2) ship from upper approach after driving into upstream lock head below gate a, gate b, by headstock gear a gate a It is opened after hanging upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder a and two bracer a are retracted in respective casing a, then by headstock gear a falls downward lock In door a to the gate slot c of pedestal.High pressure water is injected into two sealing rod a, sealing rod d, two sealing rod a are respectively butted on lock The two sides of door a downstream face, and sealing rod d is butted on the edge of gate a downstream face bottom.It is by headstock gear b that gate b is upward It opens after hanging, starts two hydraulic cylinder b and two bracer b are retracted in respective casing b, start two hydraulic cylinder c from two casing c It is interior to release respective bracer c, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b, until two pieces of bracer c supports in the support of the bottom gate b two The inclined-plane of block slot is stopped at gate b on bracer device c and the sealing rod e of the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on the level of gate a On fin a.High pressure water is injected into two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod b are respectively butted on the upstream gate b The two sides in face, and two sealing rod c are respectively butted on two ends of horizontal fin a, sealing rod e, horizontal fin b.At that time, Gate a and gate b closes ship lock mouth a.
(3) by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head and ferryboat slot, ship goes up with the water level in the lock head of upstream and is increased, to After water in upstream lock head and ferryboat slot all reaches ferryboat water level, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened, ship drives into from upstream lock head Ferryboat slot completes the navigation of upstream lock head downlink ship.
(4) lock head uplink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head, to the water level in upstream lock head and ferryboat slot After concordant, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened.After ship drives into upstream lock head from ferryboat slot, closed shutter c.
(5) by the water in pump house discharge upstream lock head, ship declines with the water level decreasing in the lock head of upstream, to upstream lock After head is concordant with the water level in upper approach, two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, sealing rod d are released The pressure of interior high pressure water allows two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, sealing rod d to retract in groove and resets. Gate b is opened by headstock gear b the position for hanging bracer device b upwards, starts two hydraulic pump b and released out of two casing b respectively From bracer b, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b, until two bracer b supports are in oblique in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two Face is stopped at gate b on bracer device b.Start two hydraulic cylinder c two pieces of bracer c are retracted in respective casing c and resets.By Headstock gear a upwards opens gate a the position for hanging bracer device a, starts two hydraulic pump a and releases out of two casing a respectively Bracer a, then by headstock gear a falls downward gate a, until two bracer a supports are in oblique in the bracer slot of the bottom gate a two Face is stopped at gate a on bracer device a.At that time, gate a and gate b is stopped at the top of ship lock mouth a.Ship is from upstream lock head Upper approach is driven into, the navigation of upstream lock head uplink ship is completed.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the present invention proposes embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream The vertical two-fold gate of lock head, navigation of the ship in upstream lock head ship lock mouth a when changing greatly suitable for upstream navigable water stage.This is perpendicular To the open-close sluice gate mode of two-fold gate use flexibly, in high water level starting gate b navigation, in low water level starting gate a and Gate b navigation, joint gate a and gate b close ship lock mouth a etc..Gate a can be stopped at bracer device a, gate b is stopped at bracer The height of device b or bracer device c, and gate is carried out to sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, the expansion of sealing rod d water-filling Sealing.With safe, structurally reasonable, quick, ferryboat is more, the navigation time is short, opening and closing is flexible, water-stagnating effect is good, saves water, fortune The features such as accommodating is a kind of gate of advanced vertical lift ship lock.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is lock head positive schematic cross-sectional view in upstream of the invention.
Fig. 2 is upstream lock head side schematic cross-sectional view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is that upstream lock head of the invention is bowed schematic cross-sectional view.
Fig. 4 is schematic cross-sectional view of bowing at sealing rod e of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the side bracer device b schematic cross-sectional view of the invention.
Figure label: 1 massif, 2 upper approaches, 3 ferryboat slots, 4 upstream highest navigable stages, the minimum navigation water in 5 upstreams Position, 6 ferryboat water levels, 7 ships, 8 water, 9 upstream lock heads, 10 pedestals, 11 barricade a, 12 barricade b, 13 barricade c, 14 opening and closing platforms, 15 locks Door a, 16 gate b, 17 gate c, 18 sliding blocks, 19 bracer slots, 20 wirerope, 21 horizontal fin a, 22 horizontal fin b, 23 gate slot a, 24 gate slot b, 25 gate slot c, 26 backplates, 27 sealing rod a, 28 sealing rod b, 29 sealing rod c, 30 sealing rod d, 31 sealing rod e, 32 supports Block assembly b, 33 casing b, 34 bracer b, 35 free bearing b, 36 hydraulic cylinder b, 37 bracer device a, 38 bracer device c, 39 ship lock mouth a, 40 ship lock mouth b.
Specific embodiment
Referring to figure 1, figure 2 and figure 3, the vertical two-fold gate of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head 9 of the invention, including Pedestal 10, barricade a11, barricade b12, barricade c13, gate slot a23, gate slot b24, gate slot c25, gate a15, gate b16, bracer Device a37, bracer device b32, bracer device c38, sealing rod a27, sealing rod b28, sealing rod c29, sealing rod d30, sealing E31 etc..Specific embodiment are as follows: the embed-type vertical lift ship lock be connected in turn upper approach 2, upstream lock head 9, Ferryboat slot 3, downstream lock head, lower approach.The upstream lock head 9 is embedded in massif 1, is in rectangular box shaped.On this Trip lock head 9 bottom have pedestal 10, upstream side have the ship lock mouth a39 of rectangle, left side have barricade a11, right side have barricade b12, under There are the ship lock mouth b40 for having rectangle on barricade c13 and barricade c13, the structure bilateral symmetry of this upstream lock head 9 in trip side.The ship The bottom surface of sluice gate a39 is higher than upstream highest navigable stage 4 lower than upstream lowest navigable stage 5 and its top surface.The ship lock The bottom surface of mouth b40 is higher than ferryboat water level 6 lower than ferryboat water level 6 and its top surface.Barricade at the ship lock mouth a39 There are vertical parallel gate slot a23, gate slot b24 on a11, barricade b12, this gate slot a23 is located at the upstream side of gate slot b24.Institute Stating has horizontal gate slot c25 on 10 top surface of pedestal, the left end of this gate slot c25 is connect with the bottom end gate slot a23 of barricade a11, this door The right end of slot c25 is connect with the bottom end gate slot a23 of barricade b12, this gate slot c25 and the gate slot a23 are wide.In twice gate slot Activity is mounted with the gate a15 in a23, and activity is mounted with the gate b16 in twice gate slot b24.In the ship There is opening and closing platform 14 to connect at sluice gate a39 at the top of barricade a11, barricade b12.There are headstock gear a and headstock gear on the opening and closing platform 4 B, this headstock gear a opening and closing the gate a15, this headstock gear b opening and closing gate b16.Gate a15 away from 10 top surface of pedestal Add at gate b16 height, it is all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot a23 described in twice to have the bracer device a37.It is pushed up away from pedestal 10 The gate a15 in face adds at gate b16 height, all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot b24 described in twice to have the bracer device B32, these bracer device a37 and bracer device b32 are all located in same horizontal line.Gate a15 height away from 10 top surface of pedestal Locate, all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot b24 described in twice to have the bracer device c38, this two bracer device c38 are located at same On one horizontal line.Close to the pedestal 10 massif 1 in have pump house, the water 8 in the upstream lock head 9, ferryboat slot 3 all by The input of this pump house or discharge.The upper approach 2 is deep ridge, has gate c17 on the ship lock mouth b40.Described Gate a15, gate b15 are rectangle plane gate, upstream face both sides of the edge, downstream face two in this gate a15 or gate b16 Sliding block 18 is fitted in side edge, two sides.There is horizontal fin a21 in the upper edge of the gate a15 downstream face, There is horizontal fin b22 at the lower edge of the gate b16 upstream face, is mounted with sealing rod e31 on this horizontal fin b22, this The equal length of a little horizontal fin a21, horizontal fin b22, sealing rod e31.In the bottom surface and two of the gate a15, gate b16 There is bracer slot 19 at a side angle of cut, these bracer slots 19 are rectangular channel, and the groove top face of these bracer slots 19 is inclined-plane.Two The top surface the gate a15 in road gate slot a23 slot is all to have wirerope 20, this two wirerope 20 and the headstock gear a connect It connects.The top surface the gate b16 is all to have wirerope 20 in two gate slot b24 slots, this two wirerope 20 and the opening and closing Machine b connection.There are vertical caulking groove, the length of this caulking groove and the gate on the downstream cell wall of the lower part gate slot a23 described in twice A15 height is equal, is fitted with " ∟ in this two caulking grooves " backplate 26 of shape, the lateral surface of this backplate 26 and the barricade The metope of a11 or barricade b12 are concordant, this backplate 26 and the caulking groove constitute rectangular groove, all pacify in this twice groove Equipped with sealing rod a27.Have on the upstream cell wall of gate slot b24 described in twice more than one away from base top surface gate a15 height perpendicular To caulking groove, the length of this caulking groove is equal with the height of gate b16, is fitted with " ∟ in this two caulking grooves " shield of shape Plate 26, the lateral surface of this backplate 26 is concordant with the metope of the barricade a11 or barricade b12, this backplate 26 and the caulking groove structure The groove of squarely is fitted with sealing rod b28 in this twice groove.Barricade between the gate slot a23 and gate slot b24 There is horizontal direction groove on the metope of a11 or barricade b12, is fitted with sealing rod c29 in this twice horizontal direction groove.It is described The upstream end of sealing rod c29 is connect with the top of sealing rod a27, the downstream of the sealing rod c29 and the bottom end of sealing rod b28 Connection.There is horizontal direction caulking groove on the downstream cell wall of the 10 top surface gate slot c25 of pedestal, " ∟ " shape is installed in this caulking groove Backplate 26, the either flush of the lateral surface of this backplate 26 and the pedestal 10, this backplate 26 and the caulking groove constitute rectangular Groove is equipped with sealing rod d30 in this groove.The left end of the sealing rod d30 and the bottom end sealing rod a27 of barricade a11 connect It connects, the right end of the sealing rod d30 is connect with the bottom end sealing rod a27 of barricade b12.By on barricade a11 sealing rod b28, only Water bar c29, sealing rod a27, sealing rod d30, the sealing rod a27 on barricade b12, sealing rod c29, sealing rod on pedestal 10 Sealing rod e31 on b28 and gate b16 connects into the sealing on the ship lock mouth a39.The sealing rod a27, sealing B28, sealing rod c29, sealing rod d30 inside have water filling cavity, in these sealing rods a27, sealing rod b28, sealing rod C29, sealing rod d30 side have connector, connect the penstocks on these connectors through the pipe in barricade a11 or barricade b12 It draws in road.When non-water-filling 8 in sealing rod a27, sealing rod b28, sealing rod c29, sealing rod d30, two sealing rod a27 are returned Shrink in the groove of the downstream gate slot a23 groove face and reset, exposed face it is concordant with gate slot a23 downstream groove face;Two sealing rods B28 bounces back to be resetted in the groove of the upstream gate slot b24 groove face, exposed face it is concordant with gate slot b24 upstream groove face;Two Sealing rod c29 bounces back to be resetted in the groove of barricade a11 or barricade b12 metope, exposed face with barricade a11 or barricade B12 metope is concordant;Sealing rod d30 retraction is resetted in the groove of the downstream gate slot c25 groove face, exposed face and gate slot c25 under It is concordant to swim cell wall.When water-filling 8 carries out sealing in sealing rod a27, sealing rod b28, sealing rod c29, sealing rod d30, two only The exposed face of water bar a27 is bloated in the downstream groove face of gate slot a23, is respectively butted on the two sides of gate a15 downstream face;Two sealing rods The exposed face of b28 is bloated in the upstream groove face of gate slot b24, is respectively butted on the two sides of gate b16 upstream face;Two sealing rod c29 Exposed face bloat in the metope of barricade a11 or barricade b12, be respectively butted on horizontal fin a21, sealing rod e31, horizontal fin Two end faces of b22;The exposed face of sealing rod d30 is bloated in the downstream groove face of gate slot c25, is butted on the bottom of gate a15 downstream face Edge.When closing ship lock mouth a39, the sealing rod e31 on the horizontal fin b22 of gate b16 is butted on the horizontal fin of gate a15 a21。
Referring to fig. 4 and the casing b33 of Fig. 5, the bracer device b32 be rectangular box shape, in this casing b33 under Free bearing b35 is installed on side, is hinged with bracer b34 on this free bearing b35, this bracer b34 is rectangle.In the casing Hydraulic cylinder b36 is installed, the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder b36 is articulated with the bracer b34 on the bottom surface in b33.Work as hydraulic cylinder When the piston rod retraction of b36, bracer b34, which is transferred in casing b33, to be resetted, and the lateral surface of bracer b34 and the exposed face of casing b33 are flat Together;When the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder b36 stretches out, the top of bracer b34 is produced outside casing b33.The bracer device a37, support Block assembly c38 is identical as the structure of bracer device b32, connects the hydraulic tube warp of the hydraulic cylinder a36, hydraulic cylinder b, hydraulic cylinder c Pipeline in barricade a11 or barricade b12 is drawn.When upstream, navigable water stage is higher, and ship lock mouth a39 only needs starting gate b16 current When ship 7, sealing rod a27, sealing rod b28, sealing rod c29, all non-water-filling in sealing rod d30, all retraction is in respective groove Interior reset.Bracer a, bracer b34, bracer c, which are transferred in respective casing, to be resetted.The bottom surface of gate a15 is seated pedestal 10 In gate slot c25, the bottom surface of gate b16 is seated the top surface of pedestal 10, and ship 7 is travelled in the top of gate a15, gate b16.When Upstream navigable water stage is lower, when ship lock mouth a39 needs starting gate a15, gate b16 passage ship 7, sealing rod a27, sealing rod B28, sealing rod c29, non-water-filling 8 in sealing rod d30, retraction are resetted in respective groove.Two pieces of bracer a are from respective It is produced in casing a, is butted on the inclined-plane in two bracer slots 19 of the bottom gate a15, gate a15 is stopped on bracer device a37. Two pieces of bracer b34 are produced out of respective casing b33, the inclined-plane in two bracer slots 19 of the bottom gate b16 are butted on, gate B16 is stopped on bracer device b32.Two pieces of bracer c are transferred in respective casing c resets, and ship 7 is in gate a15, gate b16 Lower section traveling.When closing ship lock mouth a39, when ship 7 drives towards ferryboat slot 3 from upstream lock head 9, the bottom surface of gate a15 is seated bottom In the gate slot c25 of seat 10, two pieces of bracer c are produced out of respective casing c, support in two bracer slots 19 of the bottom gate b16, Gate b16 is stopped on the bracer device c38 of gate slot b24, the sealing rod e31 of the horizontal fin b22 of gate b16 is butted on gate a15 Horizontal fin a21 on.To water-filling 8 in two sealing rod a27, the sealing rod a27 of expansion is respectively butted on gate a15 downstream face Two sides.To water-filling 8 in two sealing rod b28, the sealing rod b28 of expansion is respectively butted on the two sides of gate b16 upstream face.To two Water-filling 8 in sealing rod c29, the sealing rod c29 of expansion be respectively butted on horizontal fin a21, sealing rod e31, horizontal fin b22 two End.To water-filling 8 in sealing rod d30, the sealing rod d30 of expansion is butted on the feather edge of gate a15 downstream face.Then, upstream lock Water delivery 8 in head 9, ship 7 go up with the water level in upstream lock head 9 and are increased, after the water 8 in upstream lock head 9 reaches ferryboat water level 6 Starting gate c17, ship 7 drive towards ferryboat slot 3 from upstream lock head 9.
The operation method of the embed-type vertical two-fold gate of vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head 9, successively according to the following steps It carries out, it is characterised in that:
1) when in upper approach 2 water level it is higher, the case where only needing current ship 7 starting gate b16:
(1) lock head 9 downlink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery 8 in pump house upstream lock head 9, to upstream lock head 9 and upper approach After water level in 2 is concordant, the pressure of high pressure water in two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29 is released, allows two sealing rods B28, two sealing rod c29 are retracted in groove and are resetted.Gate b16 opened by headstock gear b after hanging upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder c Two pieces of bracer c are retracted in respective casing c and are resetted, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b16 to the top surface of pedestal 10.At that time, Gate a15 and gate b16 is in the lower part of ship lock mouth a39.
(2) ship 7 from upper approach 2 after driving into upstream lock head 9 above gate a15, gate b16, by headstock gear b Gate b16 is opened the position for hanging bracer device c38 upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder c and release respective support out of two casing c Block c, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b16, until two bracer c supports are in oblique in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b16 two Face is stopped at gate b16 on two bracer device c38, and at this moment the sealing rod e31 of the horizontal fin b22 of gate b16 is butted on gate On the horizontal fin a21 of a15.It is infused into two sealing rod a27, two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29, sealing rod d30 Enter high pressure water, two sealing rod a27 are respectively butted on the two sides of gate a15 downstream face, two sealing rod b28 are respectively butted on lock Two sealing rod c29 are respectively butted on horizontal fin a21, sealing rod e31, horizontal fin b22 by the two sides of door b16 upstream face Two ends and sealing rod d30 are butted on the feather edge of gate a15 downstream face.At that time, gate a15 and gate b16 close ship Sluice gate a39.
(3) by water delivery 8 in pump house upstream lock head 9 and ferryboat slot 3, ship 7 goes up with the water level in upstream lock head 9 and is risen Height opens the gate c17 of ship lock mouth b40, ship 7 after the water 8 in upstream lock head 9 and ferryboat slot 3 all reaches ferryboat water level 6 Ferryboat slot 3 is driven into from upstream lock head 9, completes the navigation of 9 downlink ship 7 of upstream lock head.
(4) lock head 9 uplink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery 8 in pump house upstream lock head 9 and ferryboat slot 3, to upstream lock head 9 with After water 8 in ferryboat slot 3 all reaches ferryboat water level 6, the gate c17 of ship lock mouth b40 is opened.Ship 7 drives into upstream from ferryboat slot 3 After lock head 9, gate c17 is turned off.
(5) by the water 8 in pump house discharge upstream lock head 9, ship 7 declines with the water level decreasing in upstream lock head 9, to upper After trip lock head 9 is concordant with the water level in upper approach 2, high pressure water in two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29 is released Pressure allows two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29 to retract in groove and reset.Gate b16 is opened upwards by headstock gear b and is hung Afterwards, start two hydraulic cylinder c two pieces of bracer c are retracted in respective casing c and reset, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b16 To the top surface of pedestal 10.Ship 7, through driving into upper approach 2 above gate a15, gate b16, is completed from upstream lock head 9 Ship 7 is opened the navigation or air flight in the uplink of upstream lock head 9.
2) when in upper approach 2 water level it is lower, the case where needing starting gate a15, gate b16 current ship:
(1) lock head 9 downlink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery 8 in pump house upstream lock head 9, to upstream lock head 9 and upper approach After water level in 2 is concordant, two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29, two sealing rod a27, high pressure in sealing rod d30 are released The pressure of water allows two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29, two sealing rod a27, sealing rod d30 to retract in groove and resets. Gate b16 is opened by headstock gear b the position for hanging bracer device b32 upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder b36 from two casing b33 It is interior to release respective bracer b34, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b16, until two bracer b34 supports are in the bottom gate b16 Inclined-plane in two bracer slots 19 is stopped at gate b16 on two bracer device b32.Start two hydraulic cylinder c two pieces of bracers C, which is retracted in respective casing c, to be resetted.Gate a15 is opened by headstock gear a the position for hanging bracer device a37 upwards, starts two Hydraulic cylinder a releases respective bracer a out of two casing a, then by headstock gear a falls downward gate a15, until two bracer a It supports in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot 19 of the bottom gate a15 two, gate a15 is stopped on two bracer device a37.At that time, gate A15 and gate b16 is stopped at the top of ship lock mouth a39.
(2) ship 7 from upper approach 2 after driving into upstream lock head 9 below gate a15, gate b16, by headstock gear a Gate a15 is opened after hanging upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder a and two bracer a are retracted in respective casing a, then from headstock gear a to In lower landing gate a15 to the gate slot c17 of pedestal 10.High pressure water is injected into two sealing rod a27, sealing rod d30, two Sealing rod a27 is respectively butted on the two sides of gate a15 downstream face, and sealing rod d30 is butted on the side of gate a15 downstream face bottom On edge.Gate b16 opened by headstock gear b after hanging upwards, starts two hydraulic cylinder b36 two bracer b34 and retract respective machines In shell b33, starts two hydraulic cylinder c and release respective bracer c out of two casing c, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate B16, until gate b16 is stopped at bracer device c38 in the inclined-plane of the two bracer slots 19 in the bottom gate b16 by two pieces of bracer c supports On and the sealing rod e31 of the horizontal fin b22 of gate b16 be butted on the horizontal fin a21 of gate a15.To two sealing rods High pressure water is injected in b28, two sealing rod c29, two sealing rod b28 are respectively butted on the two sides of gate b16 upstream face, and Two sealing rod c29 are respectively butted on two ends of horizontal fin a21, sealing rod e31, horizontal fin b22.At that time, gate A15 and gate b16 closes ship lock mouth a39.
(3) by water delivery 8 in pump house upstream lock 9 and ferryboat slot 3, ship 7 goes up with the water level in upstream lock head 9 and is risen Height opens the gate c17 of ship lock mouth b40, ship 7 after the water 8 in upstream lock head 9 and ferryboat slot 3 all reaches ferryboat water level 6 Ferryboat slot 3 is driven into from upstream lock head 9, completes the navigation of 9 downlink ship 7 of upstream lock head.
(4) lock head 9 uplink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery 8 in pump house upstream lock head 9, in upstream lock head 9 and ferryboat slot 3 Water level it is concordant after, open ship lock mouth b40 gate c17.After ship 7 drives into upstream lock head 9 from ferryboat slot 3, closed shutter c17。
(5) by the water 8 in pump house discharge upstream lock head 9, ship 7 declines with the water level decreasing in upstream lock head 9, to upper After trip lock head 9 is concordant with the water level in upper approach 2, two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29, two sealing rods are released The pressure of high pressure water in a27, sealing rod d30, allows two sealing rod b28, two sealing rod c29, two sealing rod a27, sealings D30, which is retracted in groove, to be resetted.Gate b16 is opened by headstock gear b the position for hanging bracer device b32 upwards, starts two Hydraulic pump b36 releases respective bracer b34 out of two casing b33, then by headstock gear b36 falls downward gate b16, until two Bracer b34 support is stopped at gate b16 on bracer device b32 in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot 19 of the bottom gate b16 two.Starting Two hydraulic cylinder c, which retract two pieces of bracer c in respective casing c, to be resetted.Gate a15 is opened upwards by headstock gear a and hung bracer The position of device a37 starts two hydraulic pump a and releases respective bracer a out of two casing a, then by headstock gear a falls downward Gate a15, until two bracer a supports are stopped at bracer dress in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot 19 of the bottom gate a15 two, gate a15 It sets on a37.At that time, gate a15 and gate b16 is stopped at the top of ship lock mouth a39.Ship 7, which from upstream lock head sails 9 and enters upstream, to be drawn Navigation channel 2 completes the navigation of 9 uplink ship 7 of upstream lock head.
Massif 1 functions as country rock, to improve the bearing capacity of upstream lock head 9;The effect of upper approach 2 is to draw Lead the navigation channel that ship 7 drove into or be driven out to upstream lock head 9;The effect of ferryboat slot 3 is to allow ship 7 in upstream lock head 9 and downstream lock head Between open the navigation or air flight;Upstream highest navigable stage 4 is the highest navigable water stage in upstream;Upstream lowest navigable stage 5 is that upstream is minimum Navigable water stage;Ferryboat water level 6 is the water level opened the navigation or air flight between upstream lock head 9 and downstream lock head;Ship 7 is the ship that need to open the navigation or air flight;Water 8 It is the water of rivers;The effect of upstream lock head 9 is that the ship 7 of navigation is increased to ferryboat water level 6 or is reduced in the upstream of dam Upstream lowest navigable stage 5;The effect of pedestal 10 is placement barricade a11, barricade b12, barricade c13 etc., is the base of upstream lock head 9 Plinth;The effect of barricade a11 is the rock pressure and ferryboat water pressure for keeping out 9 left side of upstream lock head, forms ship lock mouth a39 or ship lock Mouth b40;The effect of barricade b12 is the rock pressure and ferryboat water pressure for keeping out the right side of upstream lock head 9, formed ship lock mouth a39 or Ship lock mouth b40;The effect of barricade c13 is the rock pressure and ferryboat water pressure for keeping out 9 rear side of upstream lock head, forms ship lock mouth b40;The effect of opening and closing platform 14 is installation headstock gear a open-close sluice gate a15 and installation headstock gear b open-close sluice gate b16;Gate a15's Effect is the lower half portion for opening and closing ship lock mouth a39;The effect of gate b16 is to open and close the top half of ship lock mouth a39;Gate c17 Effect be opening and closing ship lock mouth b40;The effect of sliding block 18 is the resistance for reducing open-close sluice gate a15 or gate b16, fixed for gate Position;The effect of bracer slot 19 is that gate a15 or gate b16 is supported on bracer a, bracer b34 or bracer c;The effect of wirerope 20 It is lifting gate a15, gate b16;The effect of horizontal fin a21 is to resist sealing rod e31 for gate a15, is gate a15 and lock Sealing between door b16;The effect of horizontal fin b22 is placement sealing rod e31, the sealing between gate a15 and gate b16;Door The effect of slot a23 is vertical movable placement gate a15;The effect of gate slot b24 is vertical movable placement gate b16;Gate slot c25's Effect is that placement sealing rod d30 is gate a15 downstream face bottom waterstop;The effect of backplate 26 is to form groove placement sealing rod; The effect of sealing rod a27 is the sealing between gate a15 downstream face and gate slot a23;The effect of sealing rod b28 is for gate b16 Sealing between upstream face and gate slot b24;The effect of sealing rod c29 is for barricade a11 or barricade b12 and horizontal fin a21, sealing Sealing between e31, the both ends horizontal fin b22;The effect of sealing rod d30 is the bottom and pedestal 10 for gate a15 downstream face Between sealing;The effect of sealing rod e31 is the sealing between horizontal fin a21 and horizontal fin b22;The work of bracer device b32 It is gate b16 braking with being on the top of barricade a11, barricade b12;The effect of casing b33 is placement bracer b34, hydraulic cylinder B36, free bearing b35 etc.;The effect of bracer b34 is support gate b16;The effect of free bearing b35 is hinged installation bracer b34, lock The weight transmitting of door b16 is to barricade a11, barricade b12;The effect of hydraulic cylinder b36 is to release or retract bracer b34;Bracer device It is gate a braking that the effect of a37, which is on the top of barricade a, barricade b,;The effect of bracer device c38 is in barricade a11, barricade The middle part of b12 is gate b16 braking;The effect of ship lock mouth a39, which is ship 7, passes in and out upstream lock head 9 from upper approach 2;Ship lock The effect of mouthful b40 is that ship 7 from ferryboat slot 3 passes in and out upstream lock head 9.

Claims (2)

1. it is embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head vertical two-fold gate, include pedestal, barricade a, barricade b, barricade c, Gate slot a, gate slot b, gate slot c, gate a, gate b, bracer device a, bracer device b, bracer device c, sealing rod a, sealing rod b, Sealing rod c, sealing rod d, sealing rod e, it is characterised in that: the embed-type vertical lift ship lock is connected with upstream pilotage in turn Road, upstream lock head, ferryboat slot, downstream lock head, lower approach, the upstream lock head are embedded in massif, are in rectangular box-like Shape, the bottom of the upstream lock head have pedestal, upstream side have the ship lock mouth a of rectangle, left side have barricade a, right side have barricade b, There are the ship lock mouth b for having rectangle on barricade c and barricade c, the structure bilateral symmetry of the upstream lock head, the ship lock in downstream side The bottom surface of mouth a is higher than upstream highest navigable stage lower than upstream lowest navigable stage and its top surface, the ship lock mouth b's Bottom surface is higher than ferryboat water level lower than ferryboat water level and its top surface, has on barricade a, the barricade b at the ship lock mouth a Vertical parallel gate slot a, gate slot b, the gate slot a are located at the upstream side of gate slot b, there is horizontal gate slot on the base top surface The left end of c, the gate slot c are connect with the bottom end gate slot a of barricade a, and the right end of the gate slot c and the bottom end gate slot a of barricade b connect It connects, the gate slot c and the gate slot a are wide, and activity is mounted with the gate a in twice gate slot a, in twice gate slot b Interior activity is mounted with the gate b, has opening and closing platform to connect at the top of the place the ship lock mouth a barricade a, barricade b, described opens Closing on platform has headstock gear a and headstock gear b, the headstock gear a opening and closing gate a, the headstock gear b opening and closing gate B, the gate a away from base top surface add at gate b height, all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot a described in twice to have the bracer dress A is set, the gate a away from base top surface adds at gate b height, all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot b described in twice to have the bracer Device b, the bracer device a and bracer device b are all located in same horizontal line, at the gate a height away from base top surface, two It is all embedding in the bottom surface of gate slot b described in road to there are the described bracer device c, two bracer device c to be located in same horizontal line, There is pump house in the massif close to the pedestal, the water in the upstream lock head, ferryboat slot is all inputted or arranged by the pump house Out, the upper approach is deep ridge, has gate c on the ship lock mouth b;
Gate a, the gate b is rectangle plane gate, in upstream face both sides of the edge, the downstream of the gate a or gate b It is fitted with sliding block on face both sides of the edge, two sides, has horizontal fin a in the upper edge of the gate a downstream face, in institute Stating has horizontal fin b at the lower edge of gate b upstream face, sealing rod e is mounted on the horizontal fin b, and the level is convex The equal length of rib a, horizontal fin b, sealing rod e have support at the gate a, the bottom surface of gate b and two side angles of cut Block slot, the bracer slot are rectangular channel, and the groove top face of the bracer slot is inclined-plane, the top the gate a in twice gate slot a slot Face is all to have wirerope, and two wirerope are connect with the headstock gear a, the top surface the gate b in two gate slot b slots It is all to have wirerope, two wirerope are connect with the headstock gear b;
There are vertical caulking groove, the length of the caulking groove and the gate a height on the downstream cell wall of the lower part gate slot a described in twice Equal, " ∟ is fitted in two caulking grooves " backplate of shape, the lateral surface of the backplate and the barricade a or barricade b Metope it is concordant, the backplate and the caulking groove constitute rectangular groove, are fitted with sealing rod in the groove described in twice A has vertical caulking groove on the upstream cell wall of gate slot b described in twice more than one away from base top surface gate a height, the caulking groove Length is equal with the height of gate b, is fitted with " ∟ in two caulking grooves " backplate of shape, the backplate it is outer Side is concordant with the metope of the barricade a or barricade b, and the backplate and the caulking groove constitute rectangular groove, in twice institute It states and is fitted with sealing rod b in groove, barricade a between the gate slot a and gate slot b or have level on the metope of barricade b To groove, sealing rod c is fitted in twice horizontal direction groove, the upstream end of the sealing rod c and the top of sealing rod a connect It connects, the downstream of the sealing rod c is connect with the bottom end of sealing rod b, has water on the downstream cell wall of the base top surface gate slot c Put down and " ∟ be installed in the caulking groove to caulking groove " backplate of shape, the either flush of the lateral surface of the backplate and the pedestal, The backplate and the caulking groove constitute rectangular groove, are equipped with sealing rod d, a left side of the sealing rod d in the groove End is connect with the bottom end sealing rod a of barricade a, and the right end of the sealing rod d is connect with the bottom end sealing rod a of barricade b, by barricade a On sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod a, sealing rod d, the sealing rod a on barricade b, sealing rod c, sealing rod b on pedestal, And the sealing rod e on gate b connects into the sealing on the ship lock mouth a, the sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, There is water filling cavity in the inside of sealing rod d, has connector in the side of the sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d, Penstocks on the connector are connected to draw through the pipeline in barricade a or barricade b, when sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, In sealing rod d when non-water-filling, two sealing rod a bounce back to be resetted in the groove of the downstream gate slot a groove face, exposed face with The downstream gate slot a groove face is concordant;Two sealing rod b bounce back to be resetted in the groove of the upstream gate slot b groove face, exposed face with The upstream gate slot b groove face is concordant;Two sealing rod c bounce back to be resetted in the groove of barricade a or barricade b metope, exposed face It is concordant with barricade a or barricade b metope;Sealing rod d retraction is resetted in the groove of the downstream gate slot c groove face, exposed face with The downstream gate slot c cell wall is concordant, when water-filling carries out sealing in sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, sealing rod d, two sealings The exposed face of a is bloated in the downstream groove face of gate slot a, is respectively butted on the two sides of gate a downstream face;Two sealing rod b's is exposed Face is bloated in the upstream groove face of gate slot b, is respectively butted on the two sides of gate b upstream face;The exposed face of two sealing rod c is bloated in gear The metope of wall a or barricade b are respectively butted on two end faces of horizontal fin a, sealing rod e, horizontal fin b;Sealing rod d's is exposed Face is bloated in the downstream groove face of gate slot c, is butted on the feather edge of gate a downstream face, when closing ship lock mouth a, the horizontal fin of gate b Sealing rod e on b is butted on the horizontal fin a of gate a;
The casing b of the bracer device b is rectangular box shape, is equipped with free bearing b on the downside in the casing b, Bracer b is hinged on the free bearing b, the bracer b is rectangle, hydraulic cylinder b is installed on the bottom surface in the casing b, The piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder b is articulated with the bracer b, and when the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder b retraction, bracer b is transferred in casing b It resets, the lateral surface of bracer b is concordant with the exposed face of casing b;When the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder b stretches out, the top of bracer b is produced Outside casing b, bracer device a, the bracer device c are identical as the structure of bracer device b, connect the hydraulic cylinder a, hydraulic cylinder B, the hydraulic tube of hydraulic cylinder c is drawn through the pipeline in barricade a or barricade b, and when upstream, navigable water stage is higher, and ship lock mouth a need to only be opened When opening the current ship of gate b, sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, all non-water-filling in sealing rod d, all retraction is in respective recessed It is resetted in slot, bracer a, bracer b, bracer c, which are transferred in respective casing, to be resetted, and the bottom surface of gate a is seated the gate slot c of pedestal Interior, the bottom surface of gate b is seated the top surface of pedestal, and ship is travelled in the top of gate a, gate b, when upstream navigable water stage compared with It is low, when ship lock mouth a needs starting gate a, gate b current ship, sealing rod a, sealing rod b, sealing rod c, all do not fill in sealing rod d Water, all retraction are resetted in respective groove, and two pieces of bracer a are produced out of respective casing a, are butted on two of the bottom gate a Inclined-plane in bracer slot is stopped at gate a on bracer device a, and two pieces of bracer b are produced out of respective casing b, is butted on gate b Inclined-plane in two bracer slots of bottom, gate b is stopped on bracer device b, and two pieces of bracer c are transferred in respective casing c multiple Position, ship are travelled in the lower section of gate a, gate b, as closing ship lock mouth a, when ship drives towards ferryboat slot from upstream lock head, gate a Bottom surface be seated in the gate slot c of pedestal, two pieces of bracer c are produced out of respective casing c, are supportted in two of the bottom gate b supports In block slot, gate b is stopped on the bracer device c of gate slot b, the level that the sealing rod e of the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on gate a is convex On rib a, to water-filling in two sealing rod a, the sealing rod a of expansion is respectively butted on the two sides of gate a downstream face, to two sealing rods Water-filling in b, the sealing rod b of expansion are respectively butted on the two sides of gate b upstream face, to water-filling in two sealing rod c, the sealing of expansion C is respectively butted on the both ends of horizontal fin a, sealing rod e, horizontal fin b, and to water-filling in sealing rod d, the sealing rod d of expansion is supported In the feather edge of gate a downstream face, then, upstream water delivery in lock head, ship goes up with the water level in the lock head of upstream and is increased, After the water in the lock head of upstream up to starting gate c after ferryboat water level, ship drives towards ferryboat slot from upstream lock head.
2. the operation method of the embed-type vertical two-fold gate of vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head according to claim 1, successively It carries out according to the following steps, it is characterised in that:
1) when in upper approach water level it is higher, the case where only needing starting gate b current ship:
(1) lock head downlink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head, to the water level in upstream lock head and upper approach After concordant, the pressure of high pressure water in two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c is released, allows two sealing rod b, two sealings C, which is retracted in groove, to be resetted, and gate b is opened upwards by headstock gear b after hanging, start two hydraulic cylinder c two pieces of bracer c are retracted it is each It is resetted from casing c, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b to the top surface of pedestal, at that time, gate a and gate b are in ship lock The lower part of mouth a;
(2) ship from upper approach after driving into upstream lock head above gate a, gate b, it is by headstock gear b that gate b is upward The position for hanging bracer device c is opened, starts two hydraulic cylinder c and releases respective bracer c out of two casing c, then by headstock gear b Falls downward gate b, until gate b is stopped at two supports in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two by two bracer c supports On block assembly c, at this moment, the sealing rod e of the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on the horizontal fin a of gate a, Xiang Lianggen sealing rod a, two High pressure water is injected in root sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, sealing rod d, and two sealing rod a are respectively butted on gate a downstream face Two sides are respectively butted on two sealing rod b the two sides of gate b upstream face, and two sealing rod c are respectively butted on horizontal fin a, are stopped Water bar e, two ends of horizontal fin b and sealing rod d are butted on the feather edge of gate a downstream face, at that time, gate a and gate B closes ship lock mouth a;
(3) by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head and ferryboat slot, ship goes up with the water level in the lock head of upstream and is increased, to upstream After water in lock head and ferryboat slot all reaches ferryboat water level, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened, ship drives into ferryboat from upstream lock head Slot completes the navigation of upstream lock head downlink ship;
(4) lock head uplink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head and ferryboat slot, in upstream lock head and ferryboat slot After water all reaches ferryboat water level, opens the gate c of ship lock mouth b and turn off gate c after ship drives into upstream lock head from ferryboat slot;
(5) by the water in pump house discharge upstream lock head, ship declines with the water level decreasing in the lock head of upstream, to upstream lock head with After water level in upper approach is concordant, the pressure of high pressure water in two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c is released, allows two sealings B, two sealing rod c are retracted in grooves and are resetted, and gate b are opened by headstock gear b after hanging upwards, are started two hydraulic cylinder c two Block bracer c, which is retracted in respective casing c, to be resetted, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b to the top surface of pedestal, and ship is from upstream Lock head is driven into upper approach above gate a, gate b, and the uplink for completing ship in upstream lock head is opened the navigation or air flight;
2) when in upper approach water level it is lower, the case where needing starting gate a, gate b current ship:
(1) lock head downlink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head, to the water level in upstream lock head and upper approach After concordant, release two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, in sealing rod d high pressure water pressure, allow two only Water bar b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, sealing rod d, which are retracted in groove, to be resetted, and gate b is opened upwards by headstock gear b and is hung The position for crossing bracer device b starts two hydraulic cylinder b and releases respective bracer b out of two casing b, then downward by headstock gear b Land gate b, until two bracer b supports are stopped at two bracer dresses in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two, gate b It sets on b, starts two hydraulic cylinder c resetting in two pieces of respective casing c of bracer c retraction, gate a is opened upwards by headstock gear a The position for hanging bracer device a starts two hydraulic cylinder a and releases respective bracer a out of two casing a, then from headstock gear a to Lower landing gate a, until gate a is stopped at two bracers in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate a two by two bracer a supports On device a, at that time, gate a and gate b are stopped at the top of ship lock mouth a;
(2) ship from upper approach after driving into upstream lock head below gate a, gate b, it is by headstock gear a that gate a is upward It opens after hanging, starts two hydraulic cylinder a and two bracer a are retracted in respective casing a, then extremely by headstock gear a falls downward gate a In the gate slot c of pedestal, high pressure water is injected in Xiang Lianggen sealing rod a, sealing rod d, two sealing rod a are respectively butted under gate a The two sides in trip face, and sealing rod d is butted on the edge of gate a downstream face bottom, gate b is opened upwards by headstock gear b and is hung Afterwards, start two hydraulic cylinder b to retract in respective casing b two bracer b, start two hydraulic cylinder c and pushed away out of two casing c Respective bracer c out, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b, until two pieces of bracer c supports in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two Inclined-plane, gate b is stopped on bracer device c and the sealing rod e of the horizontal fin b of gate b is butted on the horizontal fin a of gate a On, high pressure water is injected in Xiang Lianggen sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod b are respectively butted on the two of gate b upstream face Side, and two sealing rod c are respectively butted on two ends of horizontal fin a, sealing rod e, horizontal fin b, at that time, gate a Ship lock mouth a is closed with gate b;
(3) by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head and ferryboat slot, ship goes up with the water level in the lock head of upstream and is increased, to upstream After water in lock head and ferryboat slot all reaches ferryboat water level, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened, ship drives into ferryboat from upstream lock head Slot completes the navigation of upstream lock head downlink ship;
(4) lock head uplink in upstream is opened the navigation or air flight: concordant with the water level in ferryboat slot to upstream lock head by water delivery in pump house upstream lock head Afterwards, the gate c of ship lock mouth b is opened, after ship drives into upstream lock head from ferryboat slot, closed shutter c;
(5) by the water in pump house discharge upstream lock head, ship declines with the water level decreasing in the lock head of upstream, to upstream lock head with After water level in upper approach is concordant, two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, high in sealing rod d are released The pressure for pressing water allows two sealing rod b, two sealing rod c, two sealing rod a, sealing rod d to retract in groove and resets, by opening Close machine b and gate b opened upwards the position for hanging bracer device b, start two hydraulic pump b released out of two casing b it is respective Bracer b, then by headstock gear b falls downward gate b, until two bracer b are supportted in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate b two, Gate b is stopped on bracer device b, starts two hydraulic cylinder c resetting in two pieces of respective casing c of bracer c retraction, by opening and closing Machine a upwards opens gate a the position for hanging bracer device a, starts two hydraulic pump a and releases respective support out of two casing a Block a, then by headstock gear a falls downward gate a, until two bracer a supports are in the inclined-plane in the bracer slot of the bottom gate a two, Gate a is stopped on bracer device a, and at that time, gate a and gate b are stopped at the top of ship lock mouth a, and ship drives into from upstream lock head Upper approach completes the navigation of upstream lock head uplink ship.
CN201710580730.7A 2017-07-17 2017-07-17 The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head Expired - Fee Related CN107190719B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710580730.7A CN107190719B (en) 2017-07-17 2017-07-17 The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710580730.7A CN107190719B (en) 2017-07-17 2017-07-17 The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107190719A CN107190719A (en) 2017-09-22
CN107190719B true CN107190719B (en) 2019-09-27

Family

ID=59882640

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710580730.7A Expired - Fee Related CN107190719B (en) 2017-07-17 2017-07-17 The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107190719B (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204039984U (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-24 喻美兰 A kind of water channel stacked-up type gate with hiding chamber
CN104563066A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-29 合肥工业大学 Water stop body for plane gate of inflating type water gate and installing method thereof
CN104631396A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-05-20 山东农业大学 Superposed water taking gate
CN106544988A (en) * 2015-09-16 2017-03-29 肖广汇 Combined hydraulic lifting dam
CN106638500A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 汪哲荪 Water stopping ring of water-filling type drainage orifice plane gate and construction method thereof
CN106759210A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-31 汪哲荪 Embed-type self-relocation is vertically moved up or down ship lock and its operation method
CN106930244A (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-07-07 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 A kind of swing arm bulkhgead gate locking mechanism driven by hydraulic jack

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204039984U (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-24 喻美兰 A kind of water channel stacked-up type gate with hiding chamber
CN104563066A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-29 合肥工业大学 Water stop body for plane gate of inflating type water gate and installing method thereof
CN104631396A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-05-20 山东农业大学 Superposed water taking gate
CN106544988A (en) * 2015-09-16 2017-03-29 肖广汇 Combined hydraulic lifting dam
CN106638500A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 汪哲荪 Water stopping ring of water-filling type drainage orifice plane gate and construction method thereof
CN106759210A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-31 汪哲荪 Embed-type self-relocation is vertically moved up or down ship lock and its operation method
CN106930244A (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-07-07 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 A kind of swing arm bulkhgead gate locking mechanism driven by hydraulic jack

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN107190719A (en) 2017-09-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205591179U (en) A gate for water conservancy water preparation system
CN106120642A (en) Hydraulic automatism lifting anti-flood wall and automatic lifting method
CN1062942A (en) On the dam that has two flood discharge structures at least, the release flood spillway of superflood
CN106638500A (en) Water stopping ring of water-filling type drainage orifice plane gate and construction method thereof
CN208633074U (en) A kind of hydraulic engineering environment-friendly type self gravity sealing type gate mechanism
CN109989384A (en) A kind of fluid pressure type automatic lifting anti-flood wall
CN107190719B (en) The vertical two-fold gate and its operation method of embed-type vertical lift ship lock upstream lock head
CN104060585B (en) Floating-plug bulkhead gate
CN109083174A (en) It is a kind of can the quickly in place and monoblock type cofferdam removed and its construction method
CN106968225B (en) A kind of classification lift checkdam
CN108951569A (en) Suspension bridge type minor arc body ship lock gate
CN105714740B (en) Dyke fast blockage equipment
CN202989895U (en) Mountain ship lock
CN110644425B (en) Ecological retaining dam and construction method thereof
CN106930246B (en) Unpowered automatic water filling and draining counterweight gate
CN106544989A (en) A kind of water level automatically controls lock
WO2020125602A1 (en) Deep water obtaining system and operating method therefor
CN211872907U (en) Closed adjustable buoyancy tank of gate
CN106320284A (en) Double-leaf hydraulic gate capable of being opened and closed under effect of gravity
CN209144845U (en) A kind of monoblock type cofferdam can be quickly in place and removed
CN206457835U (en) A kind of open caisson
CN105040648B (en) More than 200 meters superelevation dam reservoir emptying tunnels and its method for arranging, purposes
CN104499472B (en) A kind of water-bag type waterpower rises boat equipment
CN104132179A (en) Anti-blocking composite-type sewage discharge valve
CN211872911U (en) Hydraulic engineering is with blocking sand water intaking device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190927

Termination date: 20200717

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee