CN107188374A - A kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp - Google Patents

A kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107188374A
CN107188374A CN201710535710.8A CN201710535710A CN107188374A CN 107188374 A CN107188374 A CN 107188374A CN 201710535710 A CN201710535710 A CN 201710535710A CN 107188374 A CN107188374 A CN 107188374A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
main tank
water
downstream
area
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201710535710.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟琴
朱春龙
丁洁
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Jiangsu Dong Zhu View Limited-Liability Co
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Jiangsu Dong Zhu View Limited-Liability Co
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Priority to CN201710535710.8A priority Critical patent/CN107188374A/en
Publication of CN107188374A publication Critical patent/CN107188374A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/007Contaminated open waterways, rivers, lakes or ponds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • C02F3/301Aerobic and anaerobic treatment in the same reactor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • C02F3/302Nitrification and denitrification treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp, including being from upstream to sewage plant purified water and rainwater, upper river, main tank body, downstream river course, the advanced treating area that downstream position is set gradually along flow direction, main tank body bank is disposed with shore protection, shield grass, the sewage plant purified water and rainwater are through the secondary pond of row's string, 0.5 ~ 2.5d is kept, then is flowed into main tank body;There is the biological propagation pond, aeration tank, the green plants pond that are sequentially connected with the water conservancy diversion ridge also having in profundal zone, phytal zone, pond body independently of profundal zone, phytal zone in main tank body water;Advanced treating area is connected in the downstream, front end and downstream river course of downstream river course, and the secondary pond of string is squeezed into advanced treating area rear end by pump.Be completely embedded between each several part of the present invention, shore protection, shield grass, the turnover of gas, the turnover of water body, bottom of pond antiseepage and it is biological reinforced embody bionical function, with very high combination property.

Description

A kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp
Technical field
The present invention relates to gardens and restoration of the ecosystem field, more particularly to a kind of landscape water environment based on artificial swamp are bionical Intensified purification method.
Background technology
Wetland is to be located at transiently band between terriecosystems and aquatic ecosystem, including marsh, beach etc., Under the specific environment that soil is immersed in water, many wetland water plants are grown, wetland is referred to as " kidney of the earth ", there is strong Big ecological purification effect.The mankind copy the ecological circulation principle of the Nature, and " artificial swamp " has been made, and it is by manually building With the ground similar with marshland of control operation, it is dirty by sewage, the controlled dosing of sludge to the wetland through manually building Water during flowing in a certain direction, mainly utilizes soil, artificial dielectric, plant, the physics of microorganism, change with sludge , biological triple synergies, a kind of technology handled sewage, sludge.
The mechanism of action of artificial swamp includes absorption, delay, filtering, redox, precipitation, microorganism decomposition, conversion, plant Thing masking, residue accumulated, the effect of water transpiration and Nutrient Absorption and all kinds of animals.Purification based on artificial swamp, typically Dependent on said process, but the problems such as disorderly Flow of Goods and Materials, line clogging can be also run into, and be incorporated with bionic reinforced purification artificial Wetland carries out the reinforcing of purification process, then is expected to reach more efficient achievement.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:In order to improve the processing depth of existing artificial wetland treatment process, Constructed Wetland For Purifying processing is improved During matter and energy utilization rate, present invention introduces a kind of bionic reinforced purification side of the landscape water environment based on artificial swamp Method, to overcome deficiency of the prior art.
The content of the invention:A kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp, including:
Sewage plant purified water and rainwater, upper river, main tank body, the downstream that downstream position is set gradually are from upstream to along flow direction River course, advanced treating area, main tank body are disposed with shore protection, shield grass in thin-and-long, main tank body bank, and shore protection and shield grass are according to saturating Gas, block water, anti-erosion principle design, determine the depth of main tank body by the requirement of the self-purification of water and make Anti-seeping technology, it is described Sewage plant purified water and rainwater keep 0.5 ~ 2.5d through the secondary pond of row's string, then are flowed into main tank body, and the plant is fine The secondary pond of dimension, which is contained to dig pit and fill outside main tank body, comes self preservation grass, Urban Parks, the taking to the greenwood, fall leaves of landscape green space, cladoptosis Set;
There is profundal zone, phytal zone, profundal zone kind is implanted with deep water plant, and phytal zone kind is implanted with shallow water plant in the main tank body water Thing, main tank body bottom has pond bed, and pond bed is manufactured according to the ventilative requirement that blocks water, also had in main tank body independently of profundal zone, shallow water The biological propagation pond, aeration tank, the green plants pond that are sequentially connected with the water conservancy diversion ridge in area, biology propagation pond sets specific surface area larger Biological carrier materials, green plants pond set the water plant with purification function;
Advanced treating area is connected in the downstream, front end and downstream river course of downstream river course, and advanced treating area squeezes into plant in rear end by pump Fiber pair pond, advanced treating area comprising quick-decomposing biological handling process, filtering technique, coagulation process, chemical dosing technique or its Combination.
Preferably, the length of the upper river, downstream river course is 1.2-2.5m, upper river, downstream river course depth 0.08 ~ 0.19m, the span of the main tank body elongated zones is 4 ~ 15 times of narrow zone width, main tank body profundal zone depth 0.23 ~ 0.47m, main tank body phytal zone 0.09 ~ 0.22m of depth.The length in river course and the length of main tank body and depth are set just Meet the general setting of artificial swamp.
Preferably, the profundal zone, phytal zone are equipped with packing layer, reoxygenation breather pipe.Packing layer, reoxygenation breather pipe It is the necessary configuration of artificial swamp, has concurrently and constitute bionical circulatory function.
Preferably, the shore protection is plant bank protection, timber shore protection, stone shore protection or its combination.Shore protection, which has, to be stopped Effect, is biological remnants in itself using natural plant, timber, and it can preferably realize bionical function.
Preferably, the biological propagation pond is separated relative to main tank body, local digging is deep, biology propagation Chi Zhongfen is shown , wherein there is nitrobacteria in Yang Jun areas, anaerobic bacteria area, anaerobic bacterium area in aerobic bacteria area, anaerobic bacteria has denitrifying bacteria in area.It is biological Breed pond and aerobic bacteria area, anaerobic bacteria area, anaerobic bacterium area are set, distributing rationally comprehensively for strain can be realized.
Preferably, the main tank body carries out Anti-seeping technology, mix compacting, shape are carried out using ion cementing material and soil Into ecological pool bed.Anti-seeping technology is the necessary technique for bottom of pond, improves overall accumulating capability.
Compared to the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:A kind of landscape water based on artificial swamp of the present invention Environment bionic reinforced scouring method, compact conformation, treatment effect are excellent, bionical detergent power is good.River course, main tank body, depth Reason area is completely embedded, and Each performs its own functions connects each other again;Sewage plant purified water and rainwater are included into system, takes full advantage of and has provided Source and the resource of output more high-quality;The careless and independent biological propagation pond of shore protection, shield, aeration tank, green plants pond, can be prepared More active bacteria, to use advanced treating.Be completely embedded between each several part of the present invention, shore protection, shield grass, the turnover of gas, The turnover of water body, bottom of pond antiseepage and it is biological reinforced embody bionical function, with very high combination property.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the geographic layout schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:1- upper rivers, 11- sewage plant purified waters, 12- rainwater, 2- main tank bodies, 21- shore protections, 22- shield grass, 23- Profundal zone, 24- phytal zones, the 25- water conservancy diversion ridge, 3- downstream river courses, 4- advanced treatings area, 5- strings pair pond, 6- biology propagation Pond, 7- aeration tanks, 8- green plantss pond.
Embodiment
, below will be to embodiment or existing in order to illustrate more clearly of the embodiment of the present application or technical scheme of the prior art There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, drawings in the following description are only described in the application Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also be according to this A little accompanying drawings obtain other accompanying drawings.
Such as Fig. 1, a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp is from upstream to down along flow direction Sewage plant purified water 11 and rainwater 12, upper river 1, main tank body 2, downstream river course 3, advanced treating area that trip position is set gradually 4, the upper river 1, the length of downstream river course 3 are 1.2-2.5m, and main tank body 2 is set gradually in thin-and-long, the bank of main tank body 2 Have shore protection 21, a shield grass 22, shore protection 21 and shield grass 22 according to breathing freely, block water, anti-erosion principle is designed, the main tank body 2 enters Row Anti-seeping technology, mix compacting is carried out using ion cementing material and soil, forms ecological pond bed, the shore protection 21 is plant Shore protection, timber shore protection, stone shore protection or its combination, determine the depth of main tank body 2 by the requirement of the self-purification of water and make at antiseepage Reason, upper river 1, the 0.08 ~ 0.19m of depth of downstream river course 3;The sewage plant purified water 11 and rainwater 12 are fine through a row plant The secondary pond 5 of dimension, keeps 0.5 ~ 2.5d, then is flowed into main tank body 2 and upper river 1, and the secondary pond 5 of the string is contained in main tank body Digged pit outside 2 and fill from the shield grass 22, Urban Parks, the taking to the greenwood of landscape green space etc., fall leaves, the set of cladoptosis;
There is profundal zone 23, phytal zone 24,23 kinds of profundal zone is implanted with deep water plant, the plant of 24 kinds of phytal zone in the water of main tank body 2 There is shallow water plant, the span of the elongated zones of main tank body 2 is 4 ~ 15 times of narrow zone width, 2 profundal zone of main tank body 23 is deep Spending in 0.23 ~ 0.47m, 2 phytal zone of main tank body 24,0.09 ~ 0.22m of depth, main tank body 2 also has independently of profundal zone 23, shallow water The biological propagation pond 6, aeration tank 7, the green plants pond 8 that are sequentially connected with the water conservancy diversion ridge 25 in area 24, biology propagation pond 6, which is set, compares table The larger biological carrier materials of area, green plants pond 8 sets the water plant with purification function, the profundal zone 23, shallow water Area 24 is equipped with packing layer, reoxygenation breather pipe, and reoxygenation breather pipe runs through packing layer;
The biological propagation pond 6 is separated relative to main tank body, part digs deep, is divided in biology propagation pond 6 and is shown aerobic bacteria area, anaerobism , wherein there is nitrobacteria in bacterium area, anaerobic bacterium area in aerobic bacteria area, anaerobic bacteria has denitrifying bacteria in area;
Advanced treating area 4 is connected in the downstream of downstream river course 3, front end and downstream river course 3, and advanced treating area 4 is squeezed into rear end by pump String pair pond 5, advanced treating area 4 includes quick-decomposing biological handling process, filtering technique, coagulation process, chemical dosing technique Or its combination.
Above example is only to illustrate the preferred technical solution of the present invention, it is noted that for the general of the art For logical technical staff, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvement made or equivalent substitution are accordingly to be regarded as this The protection domain of invention, should cover in scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp, it is characterised in that including:
Sewage plant purified water and rainwater, upper river, main tank body, the downstream that downstream position is set gradually are from upstream to along flow direction River course, advanced treating area, main tank body are disposed with shore protection, shield grass in thin-and-long, main tank body bank, and shore protection and shield grass are according to saturating Gas, block water, anti-erosion principle design, determine the depth of main tank body by the requirement of the self-purification of water and make Anti-seeping technology, it is described Sewage plant purified water and rainwater keep 0.5 ~ 2.5d through the secondary pond of row's string, then are flowed into main tank body, and the plant is fine The secondary pond of dimension, which is contained to dig pit and fill outside main tank body, comes self preservation grass, Urban Parks, the taking to the greenwood, fall leaves of landscape green space, cladoptosis Set;
There is profundal zone, phytal zone, profundal zone kind is implanted with deep water plant, and phytal zone kind is implanted with shallow water plant in the main tank body water Also have in thing, main tank body independently of profundal zone, the biological propagation pond being sequentially connected with the water conservancy diversion ridge of phytal zone, aeration tank, green Color plant pond, biology propagation pond sets the larger biological carrier materials of specific surface area, and green plants pond is set with purification function Water plant;
Advanced treating area is connected in the downstream, front end and downstream river course of downstream river course, and advanced treating area squeezes into plant in rear end by pump Fiber pair pond, advanced treating area comprising quick-decomposing biological handling process, filtering technique, coagulation process, chemical dosing technique or its Combination.
2. a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp according to claim 1, its feature It is, the upper river, the length of downstream river course are 1.2-2.5m, upper river, downstream river course 0.08 ~ 0.19m of depth, institute The span for stating main tank body elongated zones is 4 ~ 15 times of narrow zone width, main tank body profundal zone 0.23 ~ 0.47m of depth, main pond Body phytal zone 0.09 ~ 0.22m of depth.
3. a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp according to claim 1, its feature It is, the profundal zone, phytal zone are equipped with packing layer, reoxygenation breather pipe.
4. a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp according to claim 1, its feature It is, the shore protection is plant bank protection, timber shore protection, stone shore protection or its combination.
5. a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp according to claim 1, its feature It is, the biological propagation pond is separated relative to main tank body, local digging is deep, and biology propagation Chi Zhongfen shows aerobic bacteria area, anaerobism , wherein there is nitrobacteria in bacterium area, anaerobic bacterium area in aerobic bacteria area, anaerobic bacteria has denitrifying bacteria in area.
6. a kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp according to claim 1, its feature It is, the main tank body carries out Anti-seeping technology, mix compacting is carried out using ion cementing material and soil, forms ecological pool bed.
CN201710535710.8A 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 A kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp Pending CN107188374A (en)

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CN201710535710.8A CN107188374A (en) 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 A kind of bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment based on artificial swamp

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108862599A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-23 江苏东珠景观股份有限公司 A kind of wetland purification dynamic regulation system

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101318718A (en) * 2007-06-05 2008-12-10 北京科净源环宇科技发展有限公司 Bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment
CN103332789A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-02 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for ecologically purifying black and odorous riverway water body

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101318718A (en) * 2007-06-05 2008-12-10 北京科净源环宇科技发展有限公司 Bionic reinforced scouring method for landscape water environment
CN103332789A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-02 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for ecologically purifying black and odorous riverway water body

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108862599A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-11-23 江苏东珠景观股份有限公司 A kind of wetland purification dynamic regulation system

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Application publication date: 20170922