CN107182941A - For the preparation method for the base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function - Google Patents

For the preparation method for the base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107182941A
CN107182941A CN201710246673.9A CN201710246673A CN107182941A CN 107182941 A CN107182941 A CN 107182941A CN 201710246673 A CN201710246673 A CN 201710246673A CN 107182941 A CN107182941 A CN 107182941A
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mixed
earthworm
chinese medicine
medicine slag
parts
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苫君强
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苫君强
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0332Earthworms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/14Pretreatment of feeding-stuffs with enzymes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/26Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from waste material, e.g. feathers, bones or skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/26Compounds containing phosphorus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, including:Raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, sludge, fermentation waste and excrement of animals is taken to be uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, the preparation method of Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Take Chinese medicine slag to dry, in being pyrolyzed 40~80min at 400~450 DEG C of temperature, 40~50 DEG C be cooled to afterwards, then add cellulase and water, enzymolysis, after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried Chinese medicine slag powder;Fermented 20~30 hours Step 2: mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, the oxygen being passed through every 1~3 day into mixed material, and by mixed material upset once, after upset 4~5 times, n p k nutrition element and humus are added into mixed material again, then the oxygen being passed through again into mixed material, then mixed material is overturn into mixed once material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, obtain vermiculture base-material.

Description

For the preparation method for the base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function
Technical field
The invention belongs to vermiculture technical field, it is related to a kind of for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function The preparation method of base-material.
Background technology
Earthworm is commonly called as earthworm, also known as earthworm, is the representative animal of Annelida Oligochaeta.Earthworm is battalion's saprogenesis Animal, it is few that life is filled with substantial amounts of microorganism in a humid environment, using the organic matter of corruption as food, in living environment Fall ill, unique antibacterial number immune system is relevant in this number earthworm body.In scientific classification, they belong to unidirectional earthworm mesh.Body Cylindrical (being distinguished with the cylinder of round worm), both sides are symmetrical, with metamerism:It is made up of more than 100 body segments, After 11 sections, the center back often saved has dorsal pore;There is no bone, belong to invertebrate, body surface is exposed, anoderm.Remove Outside body first-half, remaining each section is respectively provided with bristle.Hermaphroditic, allogamy produces ovum cocoon during reproduction by annulus, Breeding is of future generation.
During earthworm is widely used in health products preparation, light industry, therefore, the cultivation of earthworm is increasingly subject to pay attention to.Earthworm Critically important determinant is that it cultivates base-material in cultivation, and typically, the cultivation base-material of earthworm is generally excrement of animals, such as cow dung, Pig manure and horsehit etc., these base-materials will can be used for breeding earthworm by processing of becoming thoroughly decomposed, however, the time for processing of becoming thoroughly decomposed compared with Long, the production efficiency that result in vermiculture is low, therefore, how it is very fast must get a kind of vermiculture base-material, to improve The problem of vermiculture speed and yield are current urgent need to resolve.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above and/or defect, and provide at least will be described later excellent Point.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of base-material for being used to cultivate the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function Preparation method.
Therefore, the technical scheme that the present invention is provided is:
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 50~100 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 100~200 parts of sludge, fermentation useless 20~30 parts of 50~100 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, and the fermentation waste is the liquid produced after fermenting Material and/solid matter, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprise the following steps:Take Chinese medicine slag to dry, in temperature 400~ 40~80min is pyrolyzed at 450 DEG C, 40~50 DEG C are cooled to afterwards, the cellulose for accounting for the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% is then added Enzyme and the water that weight is 4~5 times of Chinese medicine slag, digest 4~8 hours, the Chinese medicine slag powder are obtained after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried;
Fermented 20~30 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 3%~5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 1~3 day, And by mixed material upset once, after upset 4~5 times, then add into the mixed material n p k nutrition element 3~ 9% (w/w) and humus 30~40% (w/w), are then passed through 3%~5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then will The mixed material upset once, Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is added to the mixed material, its In, the mass ratio of mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain earthworm Cultivate base-material.
Preferably, in the preparation method of the described base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, institute It is any one or a few in pig manure, cow dung, horsehit, chicken manure, duck excrement and sheep manure to state excrement of animals.
Preferably, in the preparation method of the described base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, institute State in step one, 25 parts of 150 parts of raw sludge, 75 parts of fermentation waste and excrement of animals.
Preferably, in the preparation method of the described base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, institute State in step 2, the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat and fermented 25 hours.
Preferably, in the preparation method of the described base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, institute State in step 3, be passed through 4% (v/v) oxygen into the mixed material every 2 days.
Preferably, in the preparation method of the described base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, institute State in step one, 5~10 parts of earthworm powder is also included in the mixed material, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is:By earthworm Live body is acted on 3~5 minutes at 50~80 DEG C of 300~600MPa of pressure condition and temperature, obtains earthworm powder.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
The present invention prepares vermiculture base-material using sludge, fermentation waste etc. as raw material, and the present invention is supported for preparing earthworm Grow and contain more organic matter in the principle of base-material, in later stage fermentation, be passed through oxygen and repeatedly fermented, so ferment the thing Matter is especially suitable for growing for earthworm.The present invention cultivation base-material in be added with Chinese medicine slag, the Chinese medicine slag sequentially pass through pyrolysis, Enzymolysis, cellulose therein and other not degradable mass degradations are fallen, and in Chinese medicine slag containing substantial amounts of nutriment with Effective component so that the vermiculture base-material of preparation has stronger health-care effect.The vermiculture base prepared using the present invention Expect breeding earthworm, the resistance of earthworm is greatly improved, and the earthworm obtained also has stronger health-care effect.
Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina are added in the mixed material of the present invention after fermentation, this Sample, enhances the healthcare function of the base-material of earthworm, is further enhanced using the healthcare function of the earthworm of its cultivation.
Extensively, cost is relatively low for the method raw material sources of the present invention, and nutritious in the cultivation base-material prepared, also, this The processing technology of invention is simple, and with short production cycle, and the base-material prepared using the present invention can greatly improve the yield of earthworm, with Traditional base-material is compared, in the case of identical weight, and base-material breeding earthworm yield of the invention can improve more than 10~20%.
Further advantage, target and the feature of the present invention embodies part by following explanation, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, to make those skilled in the art with reference to specification Word can be implemented according to this.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or many The presence or addition of individual other elements or its combination.
The present invention provides a kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, including such as Lower step:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 50~100 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 100~200 parts of sludge, fermentation useless 20~30 parts of 50~100 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, and the fermentation waste is the liquid produced after fermenting Material and/solid matter, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprise the following steps:Take Chinese medicine slag to dry, in temperature 400~ 40~80min is pyrolyzed at 450 DEG C, 40~50 DEG C are cooled to afterwards, the cellulose for accounting for the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% is then added Enzyme and the water that weight is 4~5 times of Chinese medicine slag, digest 4~8 hours, the Chinese medicine slag powder are obtained after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried;
Fermented 20~30 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 3%~5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 1~3 day, And by mixed material upset once, after upset 4~5 times, then add into the mixed material n p k nutrition element 3~ 9% (w/w) and humus 30~40% (w/w), are then passed through 3%~5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then will The mixed material upset once, Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is added to the mixed material, its In, the mass ratio of mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain earthworm Cultivate base-material.
The present invention prepares vermiculture base-material using sludge, fermentation waste etc. as raw material, and the present invention is supported for preparing earthworm Grow and contain more organic matter in the principle of base-material, in later stage fermentation, be passed through oxygen and repeatedly fermented, so ferment the thing Matter is especially suitable for growing for earthworm.
Extensively, cost is relatively low for the method raw material sources of the present invention, and nutritious in the cultivation base-material prepared, also, this The processing technology of invention is simple, and with short production cycle, and the base-material prepared using the present invention can greatly improve the yield of earthworm, with Traditional base-material is compared, in the case of identical weight, and base-material breeding earthworm yield of the invention can improve more than 10~20%.
In one of embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the excrement of animals is pig manure, cow dung, horsehit, chicken Any one or a few in excrement, duck excrement and sheep manure.
In one of embodiment of the present invention, preferably, in the step one, 150 parts of raw sludge, fermentation are useless 25 parts of 75 parts of thing and excrement of animals.
In one of embodiment of the present invention, preferably, in the step 2, the mixed material is placed in into hair Fermented 25 hours in ferment pond.
In one of embodiment of the present invention, preferably, in the step 3, every 2 days to the mixture 4% (v/v) oxygen is passed through in material.
In one of embodiment of the present invention, preferably, in the step one, also including in the mixed material 5~10 parts of earthworm powder, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is:By the live body of earthworm in 300~600MPa of pressure condition and temperature Acted on 3~5 minutes at 50~80 DEG C, obtain earthworm powder.
Embodiment 1
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 50 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 100 parts of sludge, fermentation waste 50 and livestock 20 parts of excrement is uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, and the fermentation waste is the liquid substance and/solid matter that are produced after fermentation, it is described in The preparation method of dregs of a decoction powder comprises the following steps:Take Chinese medicine slag to dry, in being pyrolyzed 40min at 400 DEG C of temperature, be cooled to afterwards 40 DEG C, the water for accounting for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for 4 times of Chinese medicine slag is then added, is digested 4 hours, The Chinese medicine slag powder is obtained after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried;
Fermented 20 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 3% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 1 day, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 4 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 3% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 30% (w/w), is then passed through 3% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Embodiment 2
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 100 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 150 parts of sludge, 75 parts of fermentation waste, earthworm 25 parts of 5~10 parts of earthworm powder and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, and the fermentation waste is the liquid substance produced after fermenting With/solid matter, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in heat at 450 DEG C of temperature 80min is solved, 50 DEG C are cooled to afterwards, then adds and accounts for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for Chinese medicine slag 5 Water again, is digested 8 hours, and the Chinese medicine slag powder is obtained after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried;The excrement of animals be pig manure, cow dung, Horsehit, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is:The live body of earthworm is acted on 5 points at 80 DEG C of pressure condition 600MPa and temperature Clock, obtains earthworm powder.
Fermented 25 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 4% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 2 days, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 5 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 9% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 40% (w/w), is then passed through 5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Embodiment 3
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 60 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 150 parts of sludge, 7 parts of earthworm powder, fermentation useless 25 parts of 75 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, Gu the fermentation waste for the liquid substance that is produced after fermentation and/ Body material, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in being pyrolyzed at 410 DEG C of temperature 50min, is cooled to 42 DEG C afterwards, then adds and accounts for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for Chinese medicine slag 4.5 Water again, is digested 5 hours, and the Chinese medicine slag powder is obtained after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried;, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is: The live body of earthworm is acted on 4 minutes at 65 DEG C of pressure condition 450MPa and temperature, earthworm powder is obtained.The excrement of animals is chicken Excrement, duck excrement and sheep manure.
Fermented 30 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 3 days, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 5 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 9% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 40% (w/w), is then passed through 5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Embodiment 4
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 70 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 110 parts of sludge, 6 parts of earthworm powder, fermentation useless 22 parts of 60 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, Gu the fermentation waste for the liquid substance that is produced after fermentation and/ Body material, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in being pyrolyzed at 420 DEG C of temperature 60min, is cooled to 44 DEG C afterwards, then adds and accounts for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for 4 times of Chinese medicine slag Water, digest 6 hours, after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried the Chinese medicine slag powder;, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is:Will The live body of earthworm is acted on 4 minutes at 55 DEG C of pressure condition 350MPa and temperature, obtains earthworm powder.The excrement of animals is sheep Excrement.
Fermented 22 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 3 days, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 5 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 9% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 40% (w/w), is then passed through 5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Embodiment 5
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 70 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 130 parts of sludge, 7 parts of earthworm powder, fermentation useless 24 parts of 70 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, Gu the fermentation waste for the liquid substance that is produced after fermentation and/ Body material, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in being pyrolyzed at 430 DEG C of temperature 70min, is cooled to 46 DEG C afterwards, then adds and accounts for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for 4 times of Chinese medicine slag Water, digest 7 hours, after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried the Chinese medicine slag powder;, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is:Will The live body of earthworm is acted on 5 minutes under pressure condition 400MPa and temperature 70 C, obtains earthworm powder.The excrement of animals is chicken Excrement, duck excrement and sheep manure.
Fermented 24 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 3 days, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 5 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 8% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 38% (w/w), is then passed through 5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Embodiment 6
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 70 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 160 parts of sludge, 7 parts of earthworm powder, fermentation useless 28 parts of 80 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, Gu the fermentation waste for the liquid substance that is produced after fermentation and/ Body material, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in being pyrolyzed at 445 DEG C of temperature 70min, is cooled to 46 DEG C afterwards, then adds and accounts for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for 5 times of Chinese medicine slag Water, digest 7 hours, after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried the Chinese medicine slag powder;The preparation method of the earthworm powder is:By earthworm The live body of earthworm is acted on 5 minutes at 65 DEG C of pressure condition 500MPa and temperature, obtains earthworm powder.The excrement of animals is pig manure.
Fermented 26 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 4% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 3 days, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 5 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 7% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 37% (w/w), is then passed through 5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Embodiment 7
A kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 90 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 140 parts of sludge, 7 parts of earthworm powder, fermentation useless 28 parts of 90 parts of thing and excrement of animals are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material, Gu the fermentation waste for the liquid substance that is produced after fermentation and/ Body material, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in being pyrolyzed at 435 DEG C of temperature 65min, is cooled to 48 DEG C afterwards, then adds and accounts for the cellulase and weight of the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% for 4 times of Chinese medicine slag Water, digest 7 hours, after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried the Chinese medicine slag powder;, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is:Will The live body of earthworm is acted on 5 minutes at 75 DEG C of pressure condition 550MPa and temperature, obtains earthworm powder.The excrement of animals is ox Excrement, horsehit, chicken manure.
Fermented 24 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 3 days, and will be described Mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 5 times, then addition n p k nutrition element 9% (w/w) and the humic into the mixed material Matter 40% (w/w), is then passed through 5% (v/v) oxygen into mixed material again, then by mixed material upset once, to Mixed material addition Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina, wherein, mixed material and Chinese medicine slag powder, The mass ratio of earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base-material.
Comparative example
Vermiculture base-material is prepared according to existing method, earthworm yield, which is not produced, to be significantly improved.
Module number and treatment scale described herein are the explanations for simplifying the present invention.To the present invention for supporting The application of the preparation method of the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, modifications and variations are grown to those skilled in the art For be obvious.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, can be easily for those skilled in the art Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of preparation method for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, it is characterised in that including:
Step 1: by following parts by weight, taking 50~100 parts of raw material Chinese medicine slag powder, 100~200 parts of sludge, fermentation waste 50 ~100 parts are uniformly mixed so as to obtain mixed material with 20~30 parts of excrement of animals, and the fermentation waste is the liquid substance produced after fermenting With/solid matter, the preparation method of the Chinese medicine slag powder comprises the following steps:Chinese medicine slag is taken to dry, in temperature 400~450 40~80min is pyrolyzed at DEG C, 40~50 DEG C are cooled to afterwards, the cellulase for accounting for the Chinese medicine slag weight 0.3% is then added Water with weight is 4~5 times of Chinese medicine slag, is digested 4~8 hours, and the Chinese medicine slag powder is obtained after finally enzymolysis liquid is dried, described Chinese medicine slag powder;
Fermented 20~30 hours Step 2: the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat;
Step 3: after the completion of fermentation, 3%~5% (v/v) oxygen was passed through into the mixed material every 1~3 day, and will The mixed material is overturn once, after overturning 4~5 times, then the addition n p k nutrition element 3~9% into the mixed material (w/w) 3%~5% (v/v) oxygen and humus 30~40% (w/w), is then passed through into mixed material again, then will be described Mixed material is overturn once, and Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina are added to the mixed material, wherein, mix The mass ratio of compound material and Chinese medicine slag powder, earthworm manure, corncob and spirulina is 10:3:2:1:1, obtain vermiculture base Material.
2. the preparation method as claimed in claim 1 for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, it is special Levy and be, the excrement of animals is any one or a few in pig manure, cow dung, horsehit, chicken manure, duck excrement and sheep manure.
3. the preparation method as claimed in claim 1 for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, it is special Levy and be, in the step one, 25 parts of 150 parts of raw sludge, 75 parts of fermentation waste and excrement of animals.
4. the preparation method as claimed in claim 1 for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, it is special Levy and be, in the step 2, the mixed material is placed in fermentation vat and fermented 25 hours.
5. the preparation method as claimed in claim 1 for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, it is special Levy and be, in the step 3, be passed through 4% (v/v) oxygen into the mixed material every 2 days.
6. the preparation method as claimed in claim 1 for being used to cultivate the base-material of the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function, it is special Levy and be, in the step one, 5~10 parts of earthworm powder is also included in the mixed material, the preparation method of the earthworm powder is: The live body of earthworm is acted on 3~5 minutes at 50~80 DEG C of 300~600MPa of pressure condition and temperature, earthworm powder is obtained.
CN201710246673.9A 2017-04-16 2017-04-16 For the preparation method for the base-material for cultivating the earthworm with enhanced healthcare function Pending CN107182941A (en)

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