CN107182734B - Dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa intercropping method - Google Patents

Dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa intercropping method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107182734B
CN107182734B CN201710288408.7A CN201710288408A CN107182734B CN 107182734 B CN107182734 B CN 107182734B CN 201710288408 A CN201710288408 A CN 201710288408A CN 107182734 B CN107182734 B CN 107182734B
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spinosa
dendrobium officinale
rana spinosa
rana
pool
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CN107182734A (en
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王国鑫
何彬
孙君社
裴海生
陈洲
张秀清
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Jiangxi Jiucao Dendrobium Officinale Science And Technology Collaborative Innovation Co ltd
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Jiangxi Jiucao Dendrobium Officinale Science And Technology Collaborative Innovation Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates

Abstract

The invention provides a method for intercropping dendrobium officinale and rana spinosa, which is characterized in that a rana spinosa pool is arranged among a plurality of seedbeds, a plurality of pedestrian path frog drying areas are simultaneously arranged among the middle of the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds at equal intervals, the activity range of the rana spinosa is limited in the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds, natural enemies during the planting period of the dendrobium officinale are predated by the rana spinosa, and excrement of the rana spinosa is used as growth fertilizer of the dendrobium officinale, so that the intercropping of the dendrobium officinale and the rana spinosa is realized; insect damage to the dendrobium officinale is reduced, superior fertilizer is provided for growth of the dendrobium officinale, and production cost is reduced; the optimal living environment is provided for the quasipaa spinosa, palatable bait is provided, the meat quality of the quasipaa spinosa is improved, and the production cost is reduced; the method has the advantages of circular breeding, near zero emission and environmental protection; the dendrobium officinale and the quasipaa spinosa belong to health-preserving nourishment, are income in two directions, and have remarkable economic benefit.

Description

Dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa intercropping method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of symbiosis of dendrobium officinale, and particularly relates to a method for intercropping dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa.
Background
Dendrobium officinale, also named as the roots of all-grass of Naemarrhena, chlorophytum comosum, Linlan, bansheng, and herba Dendrobii, etc., has unique medicinal value, and has effects of nourishing yin, tonifying deficiency, promoting fluid production, moistening lung, invigorating spleen, promoting appetite, nourishing liver, improving eyesight, moistening skin, caring skin, resisting aging, and clearing heat. Modern medicine proves that dendrobium contains abundant polysaccharide, total amino acid and microelements such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, selenium and the like, the content of the polysaccharide in dry products accounts for one fifth, the polysaccharide has the function of increasing B cells, NK cells and macrophages, has the function of obviously enhancing T cell immunity for cancer patients, can improve the immunity of human bodies so as to prevent the invasion of external pathogenic factors and eliminate aging, death and mutant cells in vivo, thereby maintaining the physiological stable state of the organisms. At present, dendrobe is mostly used in traditional Chinese medicinal materials and can be eaten fresh, decocted, brewed in tea and the like.
The dendrobium is favored to grow in warm, humid, semi-yin and semi-yang environments, the requirement on soil and fertilizer is not strict, and wild dendrobium grows on loose and thick bark or trunk. The existing planting method of the dendrobium officinale comprises two main types of open-air cultivation and facility (greenhouse) cultivation, wherein the open-air cultivation comprises the modes of stone pasting cultivation, tree pasting cultivation, stone wall cultivation, rock wall cultivation, brick wall cultivation and the like; the facility cultivation includes potting, field cultivation, bed cultivation (overhead seedbed cultivation) and the like.
The method comprises selecting evergreen trees (such as yellow barrel, Chinese arborvitae, persimmon, tung tree, green beam, camphor tree, nanmu, maple poplar, etc.) with thick trunk, more water, luxuriant crown, loose bark and longitudinal fissure, cutting a shallow fissure on the concave part of the flat and thick trunk or branch or at the interval of 30-50 cm, peeling off some bark, fixing the base of the prepared dendrobium seedling at the fissure position of the tree by bamboo nail or rope, and coating the root and the surrounding bark furrow with cow dung slurry. In order to prevent wind blowing and rain washing, the main body is also nailed by bamboo nails or is firmly bound by ropes such as bamboo splits and the like so as to fix the fibrous roots and plants of the dendrobium on the trunk or the tree crotch and lead the new roots to grow and tightly climb along the tree body. The defects of the method are that the damage to trees is large and the nutrient absorption is single.
The greenhouse cultivation is to cultivate the dendrobium in a greenhouse, and has the defects that the dendrobium is basically isolated from the natural environment, the drug effect of the product is far inferior to that of the dendrobium in a wild state, and the cost is high.
On the other hand, because the dendrobium is easy to be threatened by plant diseases and insect pests, pesticide residues have serious negative effects on the quality of the dendrobium in the prior art of spraying pesticides to kill insects. However, the symbiotic culture of dendrobe and quasipaa spinosa does not exist at present.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a method for intercropping dendrobium officinale and rana spinosa, which is characterized in that a rana spinosa pool is arranged among a plurality of seedbeds, a plurality of pedestrian frog sunning areas are arranged in the middle of the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds at equal intervals, the rana spinosa activity range is limited in the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds, snails, slugs, weeds, spodoptera litura larvae and aleyrodids during the period of dendrobium officinale planting are caught by the rana spinosa, and the excrement of the rana spinosa is used as a growth fertilizer for the dendrobium officinale, so that the intercropping of the dendrobium officinale and the rana spinosa is realized;
further, the method comprises:
s1, constructing a culture area for intercropping dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa;
s2: preparing dendrobium officinale;
s3: preparing Rana spinosa;
s4: sterilizing the seedbed and the frog pond;
s5: pouring the dendrobium officinale, and after the substrate absorbs water fully, allowing the substrate to penetrate through the seedbed to store water in the frog pond;
s6: snails and slugs which are natural enemies of the dendrobium officinale and yellow mealworms in the matrix are preyed by the quasipaa spinosa;
s7: fertilizing the dendrobium officinale through excreta of the rana spinosa;
s8: when the dendrobium officinale enters the dormancy stage, fattening the quasipaa spinosa with a high-protein feed;
further, the S1 specifically includes:
s11: preparing greenhouse facilities: greenhouse: the standard steel frame multi-span greenhouse is 48 meters long, 45 meters wide, 4 meters high at the shoulder and 6 meters high at the top, and is matched with a thin film, a sunshade net and a sprinkling irrigation facility;
s12: preparing a frog pool: the length is 40 meters, and the width is 2.7 meters;
s13: preparing a seedbed: 0.4 m below the deep horizon of the seedbed lower pool;
s14: preparing an escape-proof net: the height of the escape-proof net on the ground level is 0.6 m;
s15: laying a water diversion pipe and a water drainage pipe;
further, the S2 specifically includes:
s21: disinfection and laying of the substrate: purchasing pine bark of 0.02 x 0.02 m, mixing with 80% mancozeb soluble powder, thoroughly decomposing for 7-10 days, uniformly spreading on a seedbed for 7 cm, spreading the compounded bacterial fertilizer, and planting;
s22: preparing high-quality dendrobium officinale bottle seedlings: selecting high-quality seedling with more than 6 leaves, more than 5 roots and more than 5 centimeters of stems, cleaning, disinfecting, airing and preparing for planting;
further, the S3 specifically includes:
s31: and (3) sterilizing the frog pool: spreading lime powder for disinfection;
s32: selecting the quasipaa spinosa: selecting thoracanthus spinosus frogs with body length of more than 5 centimeters;
further, the S4 specifically includes: planting the prepared three seedlings of the dendrobium officinale in the first ten days of March on a seedbed in sequence according to the interval of 0.15 x 0.18, starting atomization watering and management, draining the water accumulated in the frog pond in the middle and last days of March, and disinfecting the frog pond;
further, the S5 specifically includes: watering the dendrobium officinale in April, accumulating water containing plankton in a frog pool, introducing Rana spinosa, and adding 50-60 Rana spinosa per square meter;
further, the S7 is that weeds, spodoptera litura larvae and whitefly on the surface bed of the dendrobium officinale are eaten by rana spinosa during May to November, the excrement and water of the rana spinosa are changed once every other day, the excrement and the water are collected to a centralized treatment pool through a drain hole, the upper liquid is treated to become an upper-grade dendrobium officinale foliar fertilizer, and the lower accumulated substance is air-dried and crushed to become a granulated fertilizer for the growth of the dendrobium officinale;
further, the S8 is specifically from december to february, the dendrobium officinale enters a dormant period, and the rana spinosa is supplemented with a high-protein feed to intensively fatten;
the method has the following beneficial effects:
1) the land is saved, and the utilization efficiency of the greenhouse is improved;
2) insect damage to the dendrobium officinale is reduced, superior fertilizer is provided for growth of the dendrobium officinale, and production cost is reduced;
3) the optimal living environment is provided for the quasipaa spinosa, palatable bait is provided, the meat quality of the quasipaa spinosa is improved, and the production cost is reduced;
4) the method has the advantages of circular breeding, near zero emission and environmental protection;
5) the dendrobium officinale and the quasipaa spinosa belong to health-preserving nourishment, are income in two directions, and have remarkable economic benefit.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a side view of a seedbed in the method of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of a seedbed in the method of the invention;
wherein, 1 is a seedbed; 2, a frog sunning area is formed in the pedestrian road; 3 is a frog pond; and 4, an escape-proof net.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention. On the contrary, the invention is intended to cover alternatives, modifications, equivalents and alternatives which may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Furthermore, in the following detailed description of the present invention, certain specific details are set forth in order to provide a better understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced without these specific details.
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and specific examples, which are not intended to be limiting. The following are preferred examples of the present invention:
as shown in fig. 1-2, the invention provides a method for intercropping dendrobium officinale and rana spinosa, which is characterized in that a rana spinosa pool is arranged among a plurality of seedbeds, a plurality of pedestrian frog sunning areas are simultaneously arranged among the plurality of seedbeds and among the plurality of seedbeds at equal intervals, the rana spinosa activity range is limited in the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds, snails, slugs, weeds, spodoptera litura larvae and whiteflies during the dendrobium officinale planting period are caught by the rana spinosa, and the excrement of the rana spinosa is used as a growth fertilizer for the dendrobium officinale, so that the intercropping of the dendrobium officinale and the rana spinosa is realized.
The specific intercropping mode is as follows:
1. preparation of facilities:
⑴ greenhouse is a standard steel frame multi-span greenhouse with length of 48 m, width of 45 m, shoulder height of 4 m and top height of 6 m, and is matched with film, sunshade net and sprinkling irrigation facility.
⑵ frog pool is composed of 40 m long frog pool, 2.7 m wide frog pool, 0.4 m deep frog pool under seedbed, 0.6 m high anti-escape net on ground level, water pipe and drainage pipe.
⑶ roads, both sides of which are 1.5 m wide and seedbed of which is 1.1 m wide, are laid with cobblestones.
2. Early preparation:
⑴ Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo
① sterilizing and spreading matrix, purchasing pine bark 0.02 × 0.02 m, mixing with 80% mancozeb soluble powder, decomposing for 7-10 days, spreading on seedbed for 7 cm, spreading compounded bacterial fertilizer, and planting.
② preparation of bottle seedling of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo comprises selecting high-quality seedling with more than 6 leaves, more than 5 roots and more than 5 cm stems, cleaning, sterilizing, air drying, and planting.
⑵ Rana spinosa
① sterilizing frog pond by spreading lime powder
② Rana spinosa is selected from Rana spinosa young frog with strong body type of more than 5 cm, strong activity, and surging sound.
3. Intercropping process
⑴ planting the three seedlings of Dendrobium officinale in sequence on the seedbed at 0.15 × 0.18 intervals in the first March, performing atomization watering and management, draining the water accumulated in the frog pond in the middle and last March, and sterilizing the frog pond.
⑵ by watering herba Dendrobii in April, fertilizer water is accumulated in the frog pond, and a large amount of edible plankton is stored in the pond as rich bait for introducing Rana spinosa in April, and 50-60 Rana spinosa per square meter is needed.
⑶ it is a breeding period of snail and slug, which are natural enemies of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, in late April every year, there are lots of snails and slugs going to climb to seedbed to eat Dendrobium nobile at night, skilful Rana spinosa also eats at night, also likes the natural animal protein of snail and slug very much.
⑷ in May to November, the weeds, the larvae of Spodoptera litura and the Bemisia pulvinata on the surface bed of the dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo can be eaten by Rana spinosa, the excrement and water of the Rana spinosa are changed once every day, the water is collected to a centralized treatment pool through a drain hole, the upper liquid is treated to become a first-class dendrobium officinale foliar fertilizer, and the lower accumulated substances are air-dried and crushed to become a granular fertilizer for the growth of the dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo.
⑸ from December to February, the Dendrobium officinale enters dormancy stage, and Rana spinosa is supplemented with related high protein feed for promoting fattening and marketing in spring festival.
The above-described embodiment is only one of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and general changes and substitutions by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A dendrobium candidum and rana spinosa intercropping method is characterized in that a rana spinosa pool is arranged among a plurality of seedbeds, a plurality of pedestrian roads are arranged among the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds at equal intervals at the same time, the pedestrian roads are rana spinosa areas, the rana spinosa activity range is limited in the rana spinosa pool and the seedbeds, snails, slugs, weeds, spodoptera litura larvae and whiteflies during dendrobium candidum planting are predated by rana spinosa, and excrement of the rana spinosa is used as growth fertilizer of the dendrobium candidum, so that the intercropping of the dendrobium candidum and the rana spinosa is realized, and the method comprises the following steps:
s1, constructing a culture area for intercropping dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa;
s2: preparing dendrobium officinale;
s3: preparing Rana spinosa;
s4: sterilizing the seedbed and the frog pond;
s5: pouring the dendrobium officinale, and after the substrate absorbs water fully, allowing the substrate to penetrate through the seedbed to store water in the frog pond;
s6: snails and slugs which are natural enemies of the dendrobium officinale and yellow mealworms in the matrix are preyed by the quasipaa spinosa;
s7: fertilizing the dendrobium officinale through excreta of the rana spinosa;
s8: when the dendrobium officinale enters the dormancy stage, the quasipaa spinosa is fertilized with high-protein feed.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the S1 specifically includes:
s11: preparing greenhouse facilities: greenhouse: the standard steel frame multi-span greenhouse is 48 meters long, 45 meters wide, 4 meters high at the shoulder and 6 meters high at the top, and is matched with a thin film, a sunshade net and a sprinkling irrigation facility;
s12: preparing a frog pool: the length is 40 meters, and the width is 2.7 meters;
s13: preparing a seedbed: the depth of the lower pool of the seedbed is 0.4 m;
s14: preparing an escape-proof net: the height of the escape-proof net on the ground level is 0.6 m;
s15: laying the water diversion pipe and the water drainage pipe.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the S2 specifically includes:
s21: disinfection and laying of the substrate: purchasing pine bark of 0.02 x 0.02 m, mixing with 80% mancozeb soluble powder, thoroughly decomposing for 7-10 days, uniformly spreading on a seedbed for 7 cm, spreading the compounded bacterial fertilizer, and planting;
s22: preparing high-quality dendrobium officinale bottle seedlings: selecting high-quality seedling with more than 6 leaves, more than 5 roots and more than 5 centimeters of stems, cleaning, sterilizing, air drying and preparing for planting.
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the S3 specifically includes:
s31: and (3) sterilizing the frog pool: spreading lime powder for disinfection;
s32: selecting the quasipaa spinosa: selecting Rana spinosa young frog with body type of more than 5 cm.
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein S4 is specifically: planting the prepared three seedlings of the dendrobium officinale in the first ten days of March on a seedbed in sequence according to the interval of 0.15 x 0.18, starting atomization watering and management, draining the water accumulated in the frog pond in the middle and last days of March, and disinfecting the frog pond.
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein S5 is specifically: and watering the dendrobium officinale in April, accumulating water containing plankton in the frog pool, and introducing 50-60 Rana spinosa per square meter.
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein S7 is specifically that during May to November, weeds, spodoptera litura larvae and whiteflies on the Dendrobium officinale seedbed are eaten by Rana spinosa, the excrement and water of the Rana spinosa are changed once every other day and collected to a centralized treatment pool through drain holes, the upper liquid is treated to become a first-grade Dendrobium officinale foliar fertilizer, and the lower accumulated substances are air-dried and crushed to become a granulated fertilizer for the growth of Dendrobium officinale.
8. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said S8 is specifically december to february, dendrobium officinale enters dormancy, and rana spinosa is supplemented with high protein bait for concentrated fattening.
CN201710288408.7A 2017-04-27 2017-04-27 Dendrobium officinale and quasipaa spinosa intercropping method Active CN107182734B (en)

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CN200987325Y (en) * 2006-11-17 2007-12-12 吴成根 Tunnel type frog pond
CN101663979A (en) * 2009-10-16 2010-03-10 林贵夫 Rice planting method for obtaining rice planted in field with frog
CN101904315B (en) * 2010-07-05 2012-10-03 何明华 Method for ecologically culturing Rana spinosa
CN103098711A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-05-15 江西金乔园林有限公司 Rooting and transplanting method for dendrobium officinale tissue culture
CN104620836B (en) * 2015-03-03 2018-05-11 云南久丽康源石斛开发有限公司 A kind of dendrobium candidum pseudo-wild cultivating method
CN105660190B (en) * 2016-02-29 2020-11-20 孟庆霞 Complementary symbiotic three-dimensional cultivation and breeding method for lucid ganoderma and wood frogs
CN105900812A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-31 四川省乐山市绿野农业科技有限公司 Comprehensive planting/breeding method of dendrobe and bird animals

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