CN107175359A - X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method - Google Patents

X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107175359A
CN107175359A CN201710418523.1A CN201710418523A CN107175359A CN 107175359 A CN107175359 A CN 107175359A CN 201710418523 A CN201710418523 A CN 201710418523A CN 107175359 A CN107175359 A CN 107175359A
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China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
shaped
sliding block
slide block
technological datum
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CN201710418523.1A
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CN107175359B (en
Inventor
姚镇波
洪卫华
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Jinchen Machinery Co Ltd
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Jinchen Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710418523.1A priority Critical patent/CN107175359B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • B23C3/002Milling elongated workpieces
    • B23C3/005Rails

Abstract

The present invention relates to X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method, roughing and finishing are carried out to X-shaped sliding block first;Then face on the basis of the baseplane of X-shaped sliding block is set, two adjacent sides of X-shaped sliding block are technological datum face;Next finish-milling two guide pass relative with technological datum face A;On the basis of the center of X-shaped sliding block baseplane, the position of X-shaped slide block guide rail is machined with 4 equal fabrication holes of diameter as auxiliary process benchmark respectively at correspondence 4 on X-shaped sliding block baseplane;The angle of 45 ° of guide pass is controlled with angular templet and angle gauge on the basis of technological datum face A and technological datum face B;Technique bearing pin is respectively mounted in 4 fabrication holes, ensure the size positions symmetry of 45 ° of guide pass at 4, finally rotation X-shaped sliding block finish-milling processes 45 ° of guide pass of X-shaped slide block guide rail at 4, and it has the advantages that simple and convenient processing method, accurate positioning, simple to operate, machining accuracy are high.

Description

X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to guide rail processing technique field, and in particular to X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method.
Background technology:
In modern machinery and equipment, particularly in mechanical pressure, the application of X-shaped guide rail is more and more, such as in large-tonnage, small Application on the forging press sliding block of table top.X-shaped guide rail have be oriented to length length, be oriented to that contact area is big, guiding accuracy is high, The advantages of bearing strong eccentric load ability and small gradient, especially in terms of guiding accuracy, due to X-shaped guide rail expanded by heating Influence is small, therefore under high temperature production environment, can effectively ensure that guide rail fit clearance, it is ensured that guiding accuracy, makes processing workpiece Precision it is unaffected.Although X-shaped guide rail has above-mentioned advantage, on condition that the machining accuracy of X-shaped guide rail in itself wants height, Especially it is to ensure that the symmetry requirement of each guide pass of X-shaped guide rail, existing X-shaped guide rail processing method not only tedious process, and Machining accuracy is difficult to ensure that.
The content of the invention:
The purpose of the present invention is exactly that it has in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art there is provided X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method Have the advantages that simple and convenient processing method, accurate positioning, simple to operate, machining accuracy are high, solve present in prior art Problem.
The present invention is for the technical scheme that is used of solution above-mentioned technical problem:
X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) roughing and finishing are carried out to X-shaped sliding block;
(2) face on the basis of the baseplane of setting X-shaped sliding block, two adjacent sides of X-shaped sliding block are technological datum face, technique base Have in quasi- face two guide pass for technological datum face A, be technological datum face B without guide pass, in clamped one time, finish-milling is set Fixed reference plane, technological datum face A and technological datum face B, makes two guide levels in the A of technological datum face process same flat In face;
(3) finish-milling two guide pass relative with technological datum face A, make two guide levels in the same plane, and with Technological datum face A is parallel;
(4) on the basis of the center of X-shaped sliding block baseplane, the position of X-shaped slide block guide rail at 4 is corresponded on X-shaped sliding block baseplane Put and be machined with 4 equal fabrication holes of diameter respectively as auxiliary process benchmark, 4 fabrication holes to X-shaped sliding block baseplane center Distance it is equal, and 4 fabrication holes are symmetrical on X-axis and Y-axis;
(5) 45 ° of guide pass are controlled with angular templet and angle gauge on the basis of technological datum face A and technological datum face B Angle, it is ensured that 45 ° of guide pass angles of X-shaped slide block guide rail are consistent at 4;Technique bearing pin, 4 are respectively mounted in 4 fabrication holes Individual technique pin diameter is equal, measures each technique bearing pin center to the distance of 45 ° of corresponding guide pass, makes at 4 45 ° to lead Rail level is equal to corresponding technique bearing pin centre distance, it is ensured that the size positions symmetry of 45 ° of guide pass, Ran Houxuan at 4 Turn 45 ° of guide pass of X-shaped slide block guide rail at X-shaped sliding block finish-milling processing 4.
3-4mm allowance is left during the X-shaped sliding block roughing.
The X-shaped sliding block is finished on cnc boring and milling machine.
The diameter of 4 fabrication holes is equal, and diameter does not wait allowable error to be 0.02mm.
Table centering is drawn in the X-shaped sliding block baseplane, and flatness error is within 0.03mm.
The diameter of 4 technique bearing pins is equal, and diameter does not wait allowable error to be 0.02mm.
The technique bearing pin and fabrication hole interference fits.
The present invention uses such scheme, processes the technical problem existed for existing X slide block guide rails, devises X-shaped sliding block Guide rail processing method, by design technology reference plane A two guide pass relative with technological datum face A with finish-milling, is realized at 4 The guide pass of X-shaped guide rail is accurately processed, and is that the processing of follow-up 45 ° of guide pass is prepared;By with technological datum face A and work On the basis of skill reference plane B, the angle of accurately 45 ° of guide pass of control is realized with angular templet and angle gauge, it is ensured that led for 45 ° at 4 The angle of rail level is consistent;By design technology hole, the mounting process bearing pin in fabrication hole is realized by measuring technique bearing pin center To the distance of 45 ° of guide pass, it is ensured that the size positions of 45 ° of guide pass are symmetrical at 4.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of X-shaped slide block guide rail of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is X-shaped slide block guide rail top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the upward view of X-shaped slide block guide rail of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of present invention process bearing pin;
In figure, 1, X-shaped sliding block, 2, reference plane, 3, technological datum face A, 4, technological datum face B, 5, X-shaped slide block guide rail, 6, Guide pass, 7,45 ° of guide pass, 8, fabrication hole, 9, technique bearing pin.
Embodiment:
For the technical characterstic for illustrating this programme can be understood, below by embodiment, and its accompanying drawing is combined, to this hair It is bright to be described in detail.
As Figure 1-4, X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method, comprises the following steps:
(1) roughing and finishing are carried out to X-shaped sliding block 1, leaves rational allowance and ensure following process;
(2) face 2 on the basis of the baseplane of setting X-shaped sliding block 1,1 two adjacent sides of X-shaped sliding block are technological datum face, work Have in skill reference plane two guide pass 6 for technological datum face A3, be technological datum face B4 without guide pass 6, in clamped one time In, reference plane 2, technological datum face A3 and the technological datum face B4 of finish-milling setting put down two guide rails in the A3 of technological datum face Face 6 is processed in the same plane;Reference plane 2, technological datum face A3 and technological datum face B4 are set, not only following process precision There is provided and ensure, and finish-milling processing is carried out to two guide pass 6 of X-shaped slide block guide rail 5 simultaneously.
(3) finish-milling two guide pass 6 relative with technological datum face A3, make two guide levels 6 in the same plane, and It is parallel with technological datum face A3, finish-milling is carried out in face of two guide pass 6 of two other X-shaped slide block guide rail 5 according to technological datum and added Work;The guide pass 6 of X-shaped slide block guide rail 5 is first carried out finish-milling processing by realization, while providing angular surveying for 45 ° of guide pass 7 of processing Benchmark;
(4) on the basis of the baseplane center of X-shaped sliding block 1, the X-shaped slide block guide rail 5 at correspondence 4 on the baseplane of X-shaped sliding block 1 Position is machined with 4 equal fabrication holes of diameter 8 as auxiliary process benchmark respectively, and 4 fabrication holes 8 arrive the baseplane of X-shaped sliding block 1 The distance at center is equal, and 4 fabrication holes 8 are symmetrical on X-axis and Y-axis, and processing technology hole 8 is used as the chi for ensureing 45 ° of guide pass The auxiliary base of very little positional symmetry;
(5) 45 ° of guide rails are controlled with angular templet and angle gauge on the basis of technological datum face A3 and technological datum face B4 The angle in face 7, it is ensured that 45 ° of angles of guide pass 7 of X-shaped slide block guide rail 5 are consistent at 4, and technique is respectively mounted in 4 fabrication holes 8 9,4 diameters of technique bearing pin 9 of bearing pin are equal, measure each center of technique bearing pin 9 to the distance of 45 ° of corresponding guide pass 7 For b, make 45 ° of guide pass 7 at 4 equal to the corresponding centre distance of technique bearing pin 9, it is ensured that the size of 45 ° of guide pass 7 at 4 Positional symmetry degree, then rotates 45 ° of guide pass 7 that X-shaped sliding block 1 processes X-shaped slide block guide rail 5 at 4, by ensureing 45 ° of guide rails at 4 The angle in face 7 is consistent and size positions are symmetrical, realizes the symmetry of 45 ° of guide pass 7 at 4.
3-4mm allowance is left during X-shaped 1 roughing of sliding block.
X-shaped sliding block 1 is finished on cnc boring and milling machine.
The diameter of 4 fabrication holes 8 is equal, and diameter does not wait allowable error to be 0.02mm.
Table centering is drawn to the baseplane of X-shaped sliding block 1, flatness error is within 0.03mm.
The diameter of 4 technique bearing pins 9 is equal, and diameter does not wait allowable error to be 0.02mm.
Technique bearing pin 9 and the interference fits of fabrication hole 8.
Above-mentioned embodiment cannot function as limiting the scope of the invention, for the technology people of the art For member, any alternate modification or conversion made to embodiment of the present invention are all fallen within protection scope of the present invention.
Part is not described in detail by the present invention, is the known technology of those skilled in the art of the present technique.

Claims (7)

1.X shape slide block guide rail processing methods, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
(1) roughing and finishing are carried out to X-shaped sliding block;
(2) face on the basis of the baseplane of setting X-shaped sliding block, two adjacent sides of X-shaped sliding block are technological datum face, technological datum face Inside have two guide pass for technological datum face A, be technological datum face B without guide pass, in clamped one time, finish-milling setting Reference plane, technological datum face A and technological datum face B, make two guide levels in the A of technological datum face process in same plane It is interior;
(3) finish-milling two guide pass relative with technological datum face A, make two guide levels in the same plane, and and technique Reference plane A is parallel;
(4) on the basis of the center of X-shaped sliding block baseplane, the position of X-shaped slide block guide rail is divided at correspondence 4 on X-shaped sliding block baseplane 4 equal fabrication holes of diameter are not machined with as auxiliary process benchmark, 4 fabrication holes to X-shaped sliding block baseplane center away from From equal, and 4 fabrication holes are symmetrical on X-axis and Y-axis;
(5) angle of 45 ° of guide pass is controlled with angular templet and angle gauge on the basis of technological datum face A and technological datum face B Degree, it is ensured that 45 ° of guide pass angles of X-shaped slide block guide rail are consistent at 4;Technique bearing pin, 4 works are respectively mounted in 4 fabrication holes Skill pin diameter is equal, measures each technique bearing pin center to the distance of 45 ° of corresponding guide pass, makes 45 ° of guide pass at 4 It is equal to corresponding technique bearing pin centre distance, it is ensured that the size positions symmetry of 45 ° of guide pass at 4, then rotate X-shaped 45 ° of guide pass of X-shaped slide block guide rail at sliding block finish-milling processing 4.
2. X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The X-shaped in step (1) is slided 3-4mm allowance is left during block roughing.
3. X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The X-shaped in step (1) is slided Block is finished on cnc boring and milling machine.
4. X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:4 works in step (4) The diameter in skill hole is equal, and diameter does not wait allowable error to be 0.02mm.
5. X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:After step (4) completion, step Suddenly table centering is drawn to X-shaped sliding block baseplane before (5) are carried out, flatness error is within 0.03mm.
6. X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The diameter of 4 technique bearing pins Equal, diameter does not wait allowable error to be 0.02mm.
7. X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The technique bearing pin and fabrication hole Interference fits.
CN201710418523.1A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 X-shaped slide block guide rail processing method Active CN107175359B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108723448A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 山东金辰机械股份有限公司 The processing tool and processing method of a kind of angle guide rail or inclined-plane
CN110439924A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-12 台州磊达型钢冷拔有限公司 The processing technology of sliding block and sliding block on guide rail
CN110961930A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-04-07 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Machining method of sliding block

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1159206A1 (en) * 1983-12-26 1992-05-07 Предприятие П/Я Р-6115 Method of working by milling flat non-rigid parts with single-side arrangement installation for rigidity ribs
US5678964A (en) * 1995-08-10 1997-10-21 Dashevsky; Leon G. Method of determining slide straightness and for providing a straight reference surface for a machine tool
CN103447596A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-18 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Machining method of alloy steel joint type part
CN104070219A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-10-01 上海现代先进超精密制造中心有限公司 Processing method for fan-shaped workpiece with weight reduction hole planes
CN104841991A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-19 柳州三农科技有限公司 Machining method of H-shaped thin-wall parts
CN104889462A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-09 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Method for reducing deformation of numerical control machining plate type titanium alloy parts
CN106001715A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-12 北京航星机器制造有限公司 Aluminum alloy U-shaped open type precise inner cavity thin-walled part technological method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1159206A1 (en) * 1983-12-26 1992-05-07 Предприятие П/Я Р-6115 Method of working by milling flat non-rigid parts with single-side arrangement installation for rigidity ribs
US5678964A (en) * 1995-08-10 1997-10-21 Dashevsky; Leon G. Method of determining slide straightness and for providing a straight reference surface for a machine tool
CN103447596A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-18 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Machining method of alloy steel joint type part
CN104070219A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-10-01 上海现代先进超精密制造中心有限公司 Processing method for fan-shaped workpiece with weight reduction hole planes
CN104841991A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-19 柳州三农科技有限公司 Machining method of H-shaped thin-wall parts
CN104889462A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-09 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Method for reducing deformation of numerical control machining plate type titanium alloy parts
CN106001715A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-12 北京航星机器制造有限公司 Aluminum alloy U-shaped open type precise inner cavity thin-walled part technological method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108723448A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 山东金辰机械股份有限公司 The processing tool and processing method of a kind of angle guide rail or inclined-plane
CN108723448B (en) * 2018-06-08 2021-04-16 山东金辰机械股份有限公司 Machining tool and machining method for angle guide rail or inclined plane
CN110439924A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-12 台州磊达型钢冷拔有限公司 The processing technology of sliding block and sliding block on guide rail
CN110961930A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-04-07 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Machining method of sliding block

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