CN107173012A - A kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation Download PDF

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CN107173012A
CN107173012A CN201710428538.6A CN201710428538A CN107173012A CN 107173012 A CN107173012 A CN 107173012A CN 201710428538 A CN201710428538 A CN 201710428538A CN 107173012 A CN107173012 A CN 107173012A
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hickory chick
rape
mixed liquor
ditch
weeding
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陈红琳
王昌桃
郑盛华
陈尚洪
沈学善
李道怀
刘定辉
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Soil and Fertilizer Research Institute SAAS
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Soil and Fertilizer Research Institute SAAS
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Abstract

The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting technical field, a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation are disclosed.By applying this implantation methods, both doulbe-sides' victory plantations respectively in connection with rape and the respective growth characteristic of hickory chick, can be realized, can not only increase the Economic Benefits of Crops in unit soil, can also greatly simplify the plantation process of hickory chick, save labour turnover height.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation
Technical field
The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting technical field, in particular it relates to a kind of winter rape of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation The implantation methods of interplanting hickory chick.
Background technology
For rape and the large-scale plantation of hickory chick, most operation mode is respectively adopted mostly at present.But planted for most Plant for rape, with the raising of rape production capacity, the price of rapeseed generally drops, and the Economic Benefits of Crops in unit soil is anti- And reduce so that the income of peasant is reduced year by year.Simultaneously for it is most make plantation hickory chick for, although with unit soil The high advantage of Economic Benefits of Crops, but its condition to planting environment requires higher, not only needs prior to seeding to full field Progress, which is turned over, loosens the soil, and opens railway carriage or compartment bedding, due also to the growth of Morciiella Esculeuta Mycelia needs lucifuge moisturizing, and the life of Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers sporophore It is long to want dim light moisturizing (i.e. light is too strong or humidity is not enough all unfavorable for the growth of mycelia and fructification), it is necessary to build artificial screening Yang Peng, and the sunshade net of black is covered, have the shortcomings that plantation process is numerous and diverse and cost of labor is high.
The content of the invention
The problem of making cropping pattern to the greatest extent for foregoing existing rape and hickory chick, the Changjiang river stream is adapted to the invention provides one kind The implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of domain plantation.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention, a kind of kind for the winter rape interplanting hickory chick planted there is provided adaptation Yangtze river basin Plant method, comprises the following steps:S101. during late September to early October, sow rape, every mu with winter rape kind 280~ 320 grams, sowing line-spacing is 23~25 centimetres, and depth of planting is 1.5~2.0 centimetres;S102. in phase mid-November to late November Between, it is 5~8 centimetres and the hickory chick kind planting ditch of a width of 19~21 centimetres of ditch, adjacent two hickory chicks kind in the ranks to play ditch depth in rape The interval of planting ditch at least two rape rows;S103. sheep tripe is mixed according to the ratio of 180~200 liters of strains/kilogram potassium dihydrogen phosphate Bacterium strain and potassium dihydrogen phosphate, then uniformly spread obtained mixture into hickory chick kind planting ditch, hickory chick bacterium used in every meter Kind it is 180~250 milliliters, then 2~4 centimetres of earthing again, finally watering makes earthing be in moisture state;S104. in hickory chick After planting the 15th~25 day, designated port court is placed according to 40~60 centimetres of spacing is discrete on the earthing face of hickory chick kind planting ditch Under hickory chick foreign aid's nutrient bag, the length of the designated port is 4~6 centimetres;S105. the earthing of hickory chick kind planting ditch is kept to be in Damp state.
Optimization, in the step S102, it is 19 in the ranks discretely to play ditch depth in the rape for not playing hickory chick kind planting ditch ~21 centimetres and the gutter of a width of 19~21 centimetres of ditch.
Optimization, before the step S101, in addition to step is as follows:S100. plantation field progress weeds are first treated to prevent Control, single fertilization is then carried out again.Further optimize, in the step S100, in the 5th~7 day before rape seed Control of weeds is carried out using the first weeding mixed liquor, the first weeding mixed liquor is careless with 150~250 milliliter 41% according to mu The standard of sweet phosphine aqua and 25~30 liters of water and the mixed liquor prepared;Or, use second in the 2nd~3 day before rape seed Weeding mixed liquor carries out control of weeds, and the second herbicidal mixed liquor is with 200~250 milliliter of 20% glufosinate-ammoniumaqua aqua according to mu The mixed liquor prepared with the standard of 25~30 liters of water.In the step S100, apply 22~26 kilograms of urea according to mu, cross phosphorus The standard or mu of 900~1000 grams of sour Ca45~50 kilogram, 8~10 kilograms of potash fertilizer and boron fertilizer apply complex fertilizer special for cole 35~40 Kilogram standard carry out single fertilization.It is described it is after plantation field is rice harvesting, in surrounding open up surrounding edge ditch and at middle part Opening up the rice field of cross ditch, the ditch depth of the surrounding edge ditch and the cross ditch is respectively 28~32 centimetres, furrow width is respectively 28~ 32 centimetres.
Optimization, in the step S101 between the step S102, in addition to step is as follows:S101a. go out in rape Closing weeding is carried out to rapeseed cultivation table soil using the 3rd weeding mixed liquor before bud, the 3rd weeding mixed liquor is to be used according to mu The standard of 50~75 gram of 50% acetochlor ec and 25~30 liters of water and the mixed liquor prepared.
Optimization, in the step S101 between the step S102, in addition to step is as follows:
S101b. weeding, insect prevention is carried out according to any one or any combination mode as follows after rape sprouts:
(1) grassy weed is directed to, carrying out spraying to weeds cauline leaf using the 4th weeding mixed liquor in the weeds 3-5 leaf phases prevents and kill off, The 4th weeding mixed liquor is according to standard of the mu with 25~30 milliliter of 10.8% haloxyfop-r-methyl and 25~30 liters of water And prepare mixed liquor or for according to mu with the standard of 55~60 milliliter of 12% clethodim and 25~30 liters of water prepare mix Close liquid;
(2) broad leaved weed is directed to, carrying out spraying to weeds cauline leaf using the 5th weeding mixed liquor in the leaf phase of weeds 3~6 prevents and kill off, institute The mixing for stating the 5th weeding mixed liquor to be prepared with the standard of 25~30 milliliter of 50% benazolin and 25~30 liters of water according to mu Liquid;
(3) grassy weed and broad leaved weed are directed to, weeds cauline leaf is entered using the 6th weeding mixed liquor in the leaf phase of weeds 3~5 Row spraying is prevented and kill off, and the 6th weeding mixed liquor is with 90~110 milliliter of 17.5% grass to remove smart quinoline missible oil and 25~30 according to mu The mixed liquor for rising the standard of water and preparing;
(4) cabbage caterpillar is directed to, spraying preventing and treating, the first deinsectization mixed liquor are carried out using the first deinsectization mixed liquor in rape seedling For the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 35~40 grams of autographa california nuclear polyhedrosis virus and 25~30 liters of water;
(5) aphid is directed to, spraying preventing and treating, the second deinsectization mixed liquor are carried out using the second deinsectization mixed liquor in the rape blue or green pod phase For the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 3500~4000 milligrams of imidacloprids and 25~30 liters of water.
Optimization, after the step S105, also comprise the following steps:S106. in the cap surface of hickory chick entity When in sheep tripe shape pit and cap being in 3~4 centimeter length, hickory chick entity is gathered in;S107. in rape complete stool silique 90% with During the upper Huang in loquat, harvesting rape.
Optimization, after the step S107, also comprise the following steps:S108. to the rape stem of toothing, using straw Stalk pulverizer carries out disposable chopping and returning.
To sum up, using a kind of plantation side of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation provided by the present invention Method, has the advantages that:(1), can be respectively in connection with rape and the respective growth of hickory chick by applying this implantation methods Feature, realizes both doulbe-sides' victory plantations, can not only increase the Economic Benefits of Crops in unit soil, can also greatly simplify sheep tripe The plantation process of bacterium, saves labour turnover;(2) compared with making cropping pattern to the greatest extent with rape, the interplanting that the invention is provided Following several advantages may be present in pattern:[1] make rapeseed plants one-level branch position can averagely rise 3.9 centimetres, main inflorescence length can Averagely increase by 12 centimetres, complete stool branch is total and silique sum can averagely increase by 2.5 and 71.6 respectively, effectively improves rape Single plant yield;[2] can increase by one season hickory chick economic well-being of workers and staff;[3] rape inter-row weed species and biomass can be reduced, is subtracted Few weeds in field prevents and kill off process and reduction herbicide usage amount and weeding cost;[4] total soil nitrogen after plantation hickory chick contains Amount increase and soil organic matter content increase 0.57g/kg, nutrient is provided for the growth of next season crops, and then can be appropriate Reduce the amount of application of follow-up chemical fertilizer, reduction fertilizer cost and Soil Environmental Pollution risk;(3) cropping pattern phase is made to the greatest extent with hickory chick Compare, following several advantages may be present in the set operation mode that the invention is provided:[1] due to entering to soil when sowing rape Row rotary tillage, therefore only need when planting hickory chick to play kind of a planting ditch rape is simple, light and handy in the ranks with hoe;[2] can profit Hickory chick under rape post is played with blade between the line space and rapeseed plants of rape and sheltered from heat or light and moistening effect, saves and builds screening Yang Peng and the substantial amounts of artificial or program such as pour water, operate simple and feasible, reduction cost of labor.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the plantation field floor map for the rape interplanting hickory chick that the present invention is provided.
In above-mentioned accompanying drawing:1st, rape row 2, hickory chick kind planting ditch 3, hickory chick 4, gutter.
Embodiment
Hereinafter with reference to accompanying drawing, the adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation that the present invention is provided is described in detail by way of example The implantation methods of winter rape interplanting hickory chick.Herein it should be noted that the explanation for these way of example is used to help Understand the present invention, but do not constitute limitation of the invention.
The terms "and/or", only a kind of incidence relation for describing affiliated partner, represents there may be three kinds of passes System, for example, A and/or B, can be represented:Individualism A, individualism B, while there are tri- kinds of situations of A and B, the terms "/and " it is another affiliated partner relation of description, expression may have two kinds of relations, for example, A/ and B, can be represented:Individually deposit In A, two kinds of situations of individualism A and B, in addition, character "/" herein, it is that a kind of "or" is closed to typically represent forward-backward correlation object System.The terms " Yangtze river basin ", are a kind of sensu lato geographic area statements, are not limited in main stream of the Yangtze and tributary stream The broad area of warp, can also include the Basin of Huaihe River adjoined and Qiantang River etc., refer mainly to cover Eastern China, middle part and The geographic area of western three economic districts, altogether 19 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions.
Embodiment one
Fig. 1 shows the plantation field floor map for the rape interplanting hickory chick that the present invention is provided.The present embodiment is provided The adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation winter rape interplanting hickory chick implantation methods, comprise the following steps.
S101. during late September to early October, rape is sowed, every mu with 280~320 grams of winter rape kind, sowing row Away from for 23~25 centimetres, depth of planting is 1.5~2.0 centimetres.
In the step S101, autumn is the harvest season of most crops, therefore selected late September to early October Period sows winter rape, can just realize crop rotation, improves the production capacity in unit soil.In winter rape seeding process, As an example, rape can be sowed using multifunctional rotary tillage precision planter, every mu with 300 grams or so of rape seed, sowing Line-spacing is 25 cms (i.e. every meter sowing amplitude sows four row rapes), and depth of planting is 2 cms.
Before the step S101, optimization, in addition to step is as follows:S100. plantation field progress weeds are first treated to prevent Control, single fertilization is then carried out again.Specifically, it is described after plantation field be rice harvesting after, surrounding open up surrounding edge ditch and Open up the rice field of cross ditch at middle part, the ditch depth of the surrounding edge ditch and the cross ditch is respectively 28~32 centimetres, furrow width difference For 28~32 centimetres.The surrounding edge ditch and the cross ditch are set by being risen in rice field, can be in favor of field draining to be planted, it is to avoid Waterlogging, to adapt to the growth of follow-up rape and hickory chick.In addition, the furrow bank of the surrounding edge ditch and the cross ditch using straight wall as Preferably.
In the step S100, plantation field can be treated using power driven sprayer and carries out control of weeds.Specifically, for The heavier field of weeds, control of weeds, described first are carried out in the 5th~7 day before rape seed using the first weeding mixed liquor Weeding mixed liquor is the mixing prepared according to mu with the standard of 150~250 milliliter of 41% gyphosate solution and 25~30 liters of water Liquid;Or, control of weeds, the second herbicidal mixing are carried out using second herbicidal mixed liquor in the 2nd~3 day before rape seed Liquid is the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 200~250 milliliter of 20% glufosinate-ammoniumaqua aqua and 25~30 liters of water.
In the step S100, single fertilization can be carried out using fertilizer applicator or the artificial mode of spreading fertilizer over the fields.Specifically, according to Mu apply 900~1000 grams of 22~26 kilograms of urea, peroxophosphoric acid Ca45~50 kilogram, 8~10 kilograms of potash fertilizer and boron fertilizer standard or The standard that mu applies 35~40 kilograms of complex fertilizer special for cole carries out single fertilization.Wherein, in the urea, nitrogen content is more than Or equal to 46%;In the calcium superphosphate, amount containing P2O5 is more than or equal to 12%;In the potash fertilizer, amount containing K2O be more than or Equal to 60%;In the complex fertilizer special for cole, part of leaded wastewater, amount containing P2O5 and the amount containing K2O is compared for 28:6:6.
S102. during mid-November to late November, rape in the ranks rise ditch depth for 5~8 centimetres and ditch a width of 19~ 21 centimetres of hickory chick kind planting ditch, the interval at least two rape rows of adjacent two hickory chicks kind planting ditch.
In the step S102, selection mid-November to late November during play hickory chick kind planting ditch, on the one hand can Adaptation planting season with plantation hickory chick, the plantation of hickory chick kind is gone down in time, on the other hand using now soil also compared with Pine, rape be in seedling stage and shorter plant height the characteristics of, convenient use hoe rape in the ranks simple, light and handy and lossless young plant rise Ditch is operated.There are (i.e. 50 lis of two rape rows at plantation field floor map as shown in Figure 1, adjacent two hickory chicks kind planting ditch interval Rice or so), one can be reserved and be in the walkway of two rapes in the ranks, convenient follow-up harvesting hickory chick entity.Simultaneously described In step S102, in order to further be beneficial to draining, to adapt to the growth of follow-up hickory chick, optimization, hickory chick plantation is not being played It is 19~21 centimetres and the gutter of a width of 19~21 centimetres of ditch that the rape of ditch, which in the ranks discretely plays ditch depth,.
In the step S101 between the step S102, in addition it is also necessary to carry out field management to rapeseed cultivation field, carry out Weeding, insect prevention, it is ensured that rape is emerged and grown vigorously, therefore optimization, also comprise the following steps:S101a. sprouted in rape Preceding that closing weeding is carried out to rapeseed cultivation table soil using the 3rd weeding mixed liquor, the 3rd weeding mixed liquor is to use 50 according to mu The standard of~75 gram of 50% acetochlor ec and 25~30 liters of water and the mixed liquor prepared;S101b. according to such as after rape sprouts Any one or any combination mode carry out weeding, insect prevention down:
(1) grassy weed is directed to, carrying out spraying to weeds cauline leaf using the 4th weeding mixed liquor in the weeds 3-5 leaf phases prevents and kill off, The 4th weeding mixed liquor is according to standard of the mu with 25~30 milliliter of 10.8% haloxyfop-r-methyl and 25~30 liters of water And prepare mixed liquor or for according to mu with the standard of 55~60 milliliter of 12% clethodim and 25~30 liters of water prepare mix Close liquid;
(2) broad leaved weed is directed to, carrying out spraying to weeds cauline leaf using the 5th weeding mixed liquor in the leaf phase of weeds 3~6 prevents and kill off, institute The mixing for stating the 5th weeding mixed liquor to be prepared with the standard of 25~30 milliliter of 50% benazolin and 25~30 liters of water according to mu Liquid;
(3) grassy weed and broad leaved weed are directed to, weeds cauline leaf is entered using the 6th weeding mixed liquor in the leaf phase of weeds 3~5 Row spraying is prevented and kill off, and the 6th weeding mixed liquor is with 90~110 milliliter of 17.5% grass to remove smart quinoline missible oil and 25~30 according to mu The mixed liquor for rising the standard of water and preparing;
(4) cabbage caterpillar is directed to, spraying preventing and treating, the first deinsectization mixed liquor are carried out using the first deinsectization mixed liquor in rape seedling For the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 35~40 grams of autographa california nuclear polyhedrosis virus and 25~30 liters of water;
(5) aphid is directed to, spraying preventing and treating, the second deinsectization mixed liquor are carried out using the second deinsectization mixed liquor in the rape blue or green pod phase For the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 3500~4000 milligrams of imidacloprids and 25~30 liters of water.
S103. hickory chick strain and biphosphate are mixed according to the ratio of 180~200 liters of strains/kilogram potassium dihydrogen phosphate Potassium, then uniformly spreads obtained mixture into hickory chick kind planting ditch, and hickory chick strain used in every meter is 180~250 milliliters, Then 2~4 centimetres of earthing again, finally watering makes earthing be in moisture state.
In the step S103, the earthing in moisture state refer to soil moisture content between 12%~15% or Relative moisture of the soil is between 40%~60%.Part earthing can be put into when judging in hand, when there is the sensation that substantially moistens When, you can judge that earthing is in moisture state.
S104. the 15th~25 day in hickory chick after planting, according to 40~60 lis on the earthing face of hickory chick kind planting ditch The spacing of rice is discrete to place designated port hickory chick foreign aid nutrient bag directed downwardly, and the length of the designated port is 4~6 centimetres.
, can be first smooth by hickory chick foreign aid's nutrient bag with knife when hickory chick foreign aid's nutrient bag is put in the step S104 The edge of a knife is marked, when then placing, is gently pressed with hand toward next, the designated port face of nutrient bag is fully contacted with soil surface, So that the growth for Morciiella Esculeuta Mycelia provides endlessly foreign aid's nutrition, vigorous vigor is kept, extends fruiting phase, sheep tripe is improved The yield of bacterium.
S105. the earthing of hickory chick kind planting ditch is kept to be in damp state.
Because hickory chick requires higher to soil moisture, especially in late Febuary next year to late March fruiting stage, Ying Bao Hold hickory chick kind planting ditch surface soil and be in suitable humidity.In the step S105, the earthing refers in damp state Soil moisture content is between 5%~12% or relative moisture of the soil is between 20%~40%.Earthing can be put into when judging In hand, when pinching not water outlet and native viscous group can be pinched into, you can judge that earthing is in damp state.
After the step S105, it is in sheep tripe shape in the cap surface of hickory chick entity also to comprise the following steps S106. When pit and cap are in 3~4 centimeter length, hickory chick entity is gathered in;S107. in rape complete stool silique more than 90% be in loquat Huang Shi, harvesting rape.In the step S106, during harvesting hickory chick entity, the white stem in blade edge and soil surface can be used Junction is gathered in, and then removes base portion impurity and soil, hickory chick fruiting duration sustainable 1 month or so need to be adopted with personal attendant. , can be in early, evening or cloudy day from the disposable combining of united reaper progress in the step S107.In addition, in order to keep The fertility in field is planted, after the step S107, is also comprised the following steps:S108. to the rape stem of toothing, using stalk Pulverizer carries out disposable chopping and returning.
To sum up, the implantation methods for adapting to the winter rape interplanting hickory chick that the Yangtze river basin is planted that the present embodiment is provided, tool Have the advantages that:(1) by apply this implantation methods, can respectively in connection with rape and the respective growth characteristic of hickory chick, Both doulbe-sides' victory plantations are realized, can not only increase the Economic Benefits of Crops in unit soil, can also greatly simplify hickory chick Process is planted, is saved labour turnover;(2) compared with making cropping pattern to the greatest extent with rape, the set operation mode that the invention is provided Following several advantages may be present:[1] rapeseed plants one-level branch position is made 3.9 centimetres of rise, main inflorescence length can be averagely averaged 12 centimetres of increase, complete stool branch sum and silique sum can averagely increase by 2.5 and 71.6 respectively, effectively improve the list of rape Strain yield;[2] can increase by one season hickory chick economic well-being of workers and staff;[3] rape inter-row weed species and biomass can be reduced, field is reduced Between weed control process and reduction herbicide usage amount and weeding cost;[4] total nitrogen content of soil after plantation hickory chick increases Plus and soil organic matter content increase 0.57g/kg, provide nutrient for the growth of next season crops, and then can reduce in right amount The amount of application of follow-up chemical fertilizer, reduction fertilizer cost and Soil Environmental Pollution risk;(3) compared with hickory chick makees cropping pattern to the greatest extent Compared with following several advantages may be present in the set operation mode that the invention is provided:[1] due to being carried out to soil when sowing rape Rotary tillage, therefore only need when planting hickory chick to play kind of a planting ditch rape is simple, light and handy in the ranks with hoe;[2] it is available Blade is played to hickory chick under rape post and sheltered from heat or light and moistening effect between the line space and rapeseed plants of rape, is saved and is built sunshade Canopy and the substantial amounts of artificial or program such as pour water, operate simple and feasible, reduction cost of labor.
As described above, the present invention can be realized preferably.For a person skilled in the art, according to the religion of the present invention Lead, design the implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of various forms of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantations and do not need creativeness Work.These embodiments are changed without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention, change, replace, integrated Still fallen within modification in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation, it is characterised in that including following step Suddenly:
S101. during late September to early October, rape is sowed, every mu is with 280~320 grams of winter rape kind, sowing line-spacing 23~25 centimetres, depth of planting is 1.5~2.0 centimetres;
S102. during mid-November to late November, ditch depth is in the ranks played for 5~8 centimetres and a width of 19~21 lis of ditch in rape The hickory chick kind planting ditch of rice, the interval at least two rape rows of adjacent two hickory chicks kind planting ditch;
S103. hickory chick strain and potassium dihydrogen phosphate are mixed according to the ratio of 180~200 liters of strains/kilogram potassium dihydrogen phosphate, so Obtained mixture is uniformly spread into hickory chick kind planting ditch afterwards, hickory chick strain used in every meter is 180~250 milliliters, then 2~4 centimetres of earthing again, finally watering makes earthing be in moisture state;
S104. the 15th~25 day in hickory chick after planting, according to 40~60 centimetres on the earthing face of hickory chick kind planting ditch Spacing is discrete to place designated port hickory chick foreign aid nutrient bag directed downwardly, and the length of the designated port is 4~6 centimetres;
S105. the earthing of hickory chick kind planting ditch is kept to be in damp state.
2. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levy and be, in the step S102, ditch depth is in the ranks discretely played for 19~21 centimetres in the rape for not playing hickory chick kind planting ditch And the gutter of a width of 19~21 centimetres of ditch.
3. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levy and be, before the step S101, in addition to step is as follows:
S100. first treat plantation field and carry out control of weeds, single fertilization is then carried out again.
4. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 3, it is special Levy and be, in the step S100, control of weeds is carried out using the first weeding mixed liquor in the 5th~7 day before rape seed, The first weeding mixed liquor is matches somebody with somebody according to mu with the standard of 150~250 milliliter of 41% gyphosate solution and 25~30 liters of water The mixed liquor of system;
Or, control of weeds is carried out using second herbicidal mixed liquor in the 2nd~3 day before rape seed, the second herbicidal is mixed The mixed liquor for closing liquid to be prepared with the standard of 200~250 milliliter of 20% glufosinate-ammoniumaqua aqua and 25~30 liters of water according to mu.
5. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 3, it is special Levy and be, in the step S100,22~26 kilograms of urea, peroxophosphoric acid Ca45~50 kilogram, potash fertilizer 8~10,000 are applied according to mu Gram and 900~1000 grams of boron fertilizer standard or mu apply 35~40 kilograms of complex fertilizer special for cole standard carry out single fertilization.
6. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 3, it is special Levy and be, it is described it is after plantation field is rice harvesting, open up surrounding edge ditch in surrounding and the rice field of cross ditch, institute opened up at middle part The ditch depth for stating surrounding edge ditch and the cross ditch is respectively 28~32 centimetres, and furrow width is respectively 28~32 centimetres.
7. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levy and be, in the step S101 between the step S102, in addition to step is as follows:
S101a. in carrying out closing weeding to rapeseed cultivation table soil using the 3rd weeding mixed liquor before rape budding, the described 3rd removes Careless mixed liquor is the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 50~75 gram of 50% acetochlor ec and 25~30 liters of water.
8. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levy and be, in the step S101 between the step S102, in addition to step is as follows:
S101b. weeding, insect prevention is carried out according to any one or any combination mode as follows after rape sprouts:
(1) grassy weed is directed to, carrying out spraying to weeds cauline leaf using the 4th weeding mixed liquor in the weeds 3-5 leaf phases prevents and kill off, The 4th weeding mixed liquor is according to standard of the mu with 25~30 milliliter of 10.8% haloxyfop-r-methyl and 25~30 liters of water And prepare mixed liquor or for according to mu with the standard of 55~60 milliliter of 12% clethodim and 25~30 liters of water prepare mix Close liquid;
(2) broad leaved weed is directed to, carrying out spraying to weeds cauline leaf using the 5th weeding mixed liquor in the leaf phase of weeds 3~6 prevents and kill off, institute The mixing for stating the 5th weeding mixed liquor to be prepared with the standard of 25~30 milliliter of 50% benazolin and 25~30 liters of water according to mu Liquid;
(3) grassy weed and broad leaved weed are directed to, weeds cauline leaf is entered using the 6th weeding mixed liquor in the leaf phase of weeds 3~5 Row spraying is prevented and kill off, and the 6th weeding mixed liquor is with 90~110 milliliter of 17.5% grass to remove smart quinoline missible oil and 25~30 according to mu The mixed liquor for rising the standard of water and preparing;
(4) cabbage caterpillar is directed to, spraying preventing and treating, the first deinsectization mixed liquor are carried out using the first deinsectization mixed liquor in rape seedling For the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 35~40 grams of autographa california nuclear polyhedrosis virus and 25~30 liters of water;
(5) aphid is directed to, spraying preventing and treating, the second deinsectization mixed liquor are carried out using the second deinsectization mixed liquor in the rape blue or green pod phase For the mixed liquor prepared according to mu with the standard of 3500~4000 milligrams of imidacloprids and 25~30 liters of water.
9. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levy and be, after the step S105, also comprise the following steps:
S106. when it is in 3~4 centimeter length that the cap surface of hickory chick entity is in sheep tripe shape pit and cap, harvesting hickory chick is real Body;
S107. when the silique of rape complete stool is yellow in loquat more than 90%, harvesting rape.
10. a kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation as claimed in claim 9, it is special Levy and be, after the step S107, also comprise the following steps:
S108. to the rape stem of toothing, disposable chopping and returning is carried out using stalk crasher.
CN201710428538.6A 2017-06-08 2017-06-08 A kind of implantation methods of the winter rape interplanting hickory chick of adaptation Yangtze river basin plantation Pending CN107173012A (en)

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Application publication date: 20170919