CN107166573B - Ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism, air disinfection purifier and air purification system - Google Patents

Ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism, air disinfection purifier and air purification system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107166573B
CN107166573B CN201710358233.2A CN201710358233A CN107166573B CN 107166573 B CN107166573 B CN 107166573B CN 201710358233 A CN201710358233 A CN 201710358233A CN 107166573 B CN107166573 B CN 107166573B
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ozone
mode
concentration
tvoc
formaldehyde
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CN107166573A (en
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高中超
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Shenzhen Jujing Shuquan Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Jujing Shuquan Technology Co ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/16Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by purification, e.g. by filtering; by sterilisation; by ozonisation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/24Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media
    • F24F8/26Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media using ozone
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/60Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by adding oxygen
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

The invention discloses an ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism, an air disinfection purifier, an air purification system and a control method. The integrated ozone oxygen generation mechanism comprises a PEM ozone generator and an ozone decomposition tank connected with an ozone outlet of the PEM ozone generator, wherein a catalyst for accelerating the decomposition of ozone into pure oxygen is arranged in the ozone decomposition tank, and the catalyst comprises one or a mixture of two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide. According to the invention, the mixture for accelerating the ozonolysis is developed, so that the decomposing time of ozone at normal temperature can be reduced from 30-50 minutes to 1 second, and the ozone is quickly decomposed into oxygen, so that the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism can generate ozone to remove formaldehyde, TVOC, sterilize, remove peculiar smell and the like, generate pure oxygen to increase the indoor oxygen concentration, provide an oxygen bar mode indoors, and have the advantages of simple structure and low cost.

Description

Ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism, air disinfection purifier and air purification system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of indoor air purification, in particular to an ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism, an air disinfection purifier, an intelligent air purification system and a control method.
Background
Along with the development of society, building design pursues high energy efficiency more and more, and the heat insulation effect is better and better, but the permeability of buildings is worse and worse; while a large amount of synthetic material is used for construction and decoration, these factors result in the accumulation of indoor air pollutants. According to statistics, more than 80% of modern people spend indoors, so that indoor air quality is closely related to human health.
The main indoor pollutants include formaldehyde, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, radon, TVOC, microorganisms and combustion products. Ozone, which is an allotrope of oxygen, has strong oxidizing property and has obvious effects in the fields of decomposing harmful substances, sterilizing and the like, so that an ozone air disinfection purifier is developed for indoor pollutants such as formaldehyde, TVOC, microorganisms and the like. The existing ozone air purification equipment prepares ozone through an ozone generator and oxygen through an oxygen generator, and the oxygen generator prepares oxygen by using air or hydrogen peroxide as raw materials, so that the structure is complex and the cost is high.
Therefore, there is a need to provide a new air disinfection purifier to meet the high quality demands of users.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide an ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism for preparing oxygen by taking ozone as a raw material, which utilizes the ozone to remove formaldehyde, TVOC, sterilize, remove peculiar smell and the like, utilizes pure oxygen to increase the indoor oxygen concentration, provides an oxygen bar mode indoors, and has the advantages of simple structure and low cost.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides an ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism which comprises a PEM ozone generator and an ozone decomposition tank connected with an ozone outlet of the PEM ozone generator, wherein a catalyst for accelerating the decomposition of ozone into pure oxygen is arranged in the ozone decomposition tank, and the catalyst comprises one or a mixture of two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide.
Preferably, the catalyst also comprises a carrier for increasing the contact area of one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide and ozone, the carrier is a porous substance, and the preparation method of the catalyst is as follows:
step one, weighing a porous substance with the particle size of 1-8 mm and 100g, and soaking the porous substance in 1.00mol/L Mn (CH)3COO)2/Mn(NO3)2Soaking the solution for 6-30 h, performing suction filtration, drying the solution in an oven at 110 ℃ for 1-4h, calcining the solution in a muffle furnace at 400 ℃ for 1-5h, and cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a substance A;
step two, putting the substance A prepared in the step one into 0.50mol/LAgNO3/Cu(NO3)2Dipping the catalyst in the solution for 6-30 h, carrying out suction filtration, drying the catalyst for 1-4h at 110 ℃, calcining the catalyst for 1-5h in a 400 ℃ muffle furnace, and cooling the catalyst to room temperature to obtain the catalyst.
Preferably, the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism further comprises an ozone outlet connected with the PEM ozone generator, a first pipeline of the ozone decomposition tank, a first electromagnetic valve arranged on the first pipeline, a second pipeline connected with a pure oxygen outlet of the ozone decomposition tank, and an exhaust fan arranged at the tail end of the second pipeline.
Preferably, the ozone-oxygen integrated mechanism further comprises a third pipeline for guiding out the ozone/oxygen mixed gas generated by the PEM ozone generator and a second electromagnetic valve arranged on the third pipeline, and the tail end of the third pipeline is close to the exhaust fan.
Further, the invention also provides an air disinfection purifier which comprises the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism.
Furthermore, the invention also provides an intelligent air purification system, which comprises an air disinfection purifier and at least one mobile terminal in two-way communication connection with the air disinfection purifier, wherein the air disinfection purifier comprises a sensor module, a controller, a filtering module for filtering PM2.5 particles, an air suction pump for accelerating the air flow in the air disinfection purifier and an ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism;
the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism comprises a PEM (proton exchange membrane) ozone generator, an ozone decomposition tank, a first pipeline, a first electromagnetic valve, a second pipeline, an exhaust fan, a third pipeline and a second electromagnetic valve, wherein the first pipeline is connected with an ozone outlet of the PEM ozone generator and the ozone decomposition tank, the first electromagnetic valve is arranged on the first pipeline, the second pipeline is connected with a pure oxygen outlet of the ozone decomposition tank, the exhaust fan is arranged at the tail end of the second pipeline, the third pipeline is used for guiding out ozone/oxygen mixed gas generated by the PEM ozone generator, the second electromagnetic valve is arranged on the third pipeline, and the tail end of the third pipeline is close to the exhaust;
the mobile terminal is used for receiving the prompt of the operation working mode sent by the controller and sending an instruction to the controller according to the prompt, wherein the instruction comprises the working mode and/or working parameters.
Preferably, the sensor module includes a PM2.5 sensor, a formaldehyde sensor, an ozone sensor, a TVOC sensor, and a humidity sensor.
Preferably, the air disinfection purifier further comprises a humidifier, the working modes include a PM2.5 mode, a formaldehyde removal mode, a disinfection mode and a TVOC removal mode, and the working parameters include the rotation speed of the inhalation pump and the operation speed of the humidifier.
Preferably, the controller includes:
a processor adapted to implement instructions;
a memory adapted to store a plurality of instructions that are loaded by the processor and perform the steps of:
acquiring a detection result obtained by detecting indoor air quality by a sensor detection module, wherein the detection result comprises formaldehyde concentration, ozone concentration and TVOC concentration;
receiving the detection result and correspondingly comparing the formaldehyde concentration, the ozone concentration and the TVOC concentration in the detection result with a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold, a preset ozone concentration threshold and a preset TVOC concentration threshold respectively;
when the formaldehyde concentration exceeds the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a formaldehyde removal mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction for operating the formaldehyde removal mode sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and the formaldehyde removal mode;
when the ozone concentration is lower than the preset ozone concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a disinfection mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving a disinfection mode operation instruction sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and a disinfection mode;
and when the TVOC concentration exceeds the preset TVOC concentration threshold, sending a prompt for opening a TVOC removing mode to the mobile terminal, and simultaneously operating the PM2.5 mode and the TVOC removing mode after receiving an instruction for operating the TVOC removing mode sent by the mobile terminal.
Further, the invention also provides a control method of the intelligent air purification system, which comprises the following steps:
opening the air disinfection purifier;
acquiring a detection result obtained by detecting indoor air quality by a sensor detection module, wherein the detection result comprises formaldehyde concentration, ozone concentration and TVOC concentration;
receiving the detection result and correspondingly comparing the formaldehyde concentration, the ozone concentration and the TVOC concentration in the detection result with a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold, a preset ozone concentration threshold and a preset TVOC concentration threshold respectively;
when the formaldehyde concentration exceeds the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a formaldehyde removal mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction for operating the formaldehyde removal mode sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and the formaldehyde removal mode;
when the ozone concentration is lower than the preset ozone concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a disinfection mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving a disinfection mode operation instruction sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and a disinfection mode;
and when the TVOC concentration exceeds the preset TVOC concentration threshold, sending a prompt for starting a TVOC removing mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction for operating the TVOC removing mode sent by the mobile terminal, operating the PM2.5 mode and the TVOC removing mode at the same time.
Compared with the prior art, the ozone-oxygen generation integrated mechanism, the air disinfection purifier air purification system and the control method provided by the invention have the following beneficial effects:
firstly, the ozone can be automatically decomposed into oxygen and converted into oxygen in 30-50 minutes at normal temperature, the ozone decomposition tank is additionally arranged, and the catalyst for accelerating the ozone decomposition is placed in the ozone decomposition tank, so that the ozone can be quickly decomposed to obtain pure oxygen.
The exhaust of the ozone/oxygen mixed gas and the pure oxygen gas can be rapidly switched by controlling the opening and closing of the first electromagnetic valve and the second electromagnetic valve of the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism, the exhaust fan can accelerate the discharge of the ozone/oxygen mixed gas or the pure oxygen gas into a room, and the ozone gas is discharged into the room to remove formaldehyde, TVOC, sterilization, peculiar smell and the like, so that the ozone generating integrated mechanism has the advantage of more thorough purification compared with the prior art that air is pumped into a purifier to be removed; by discharging pure oxygen to the room, the concentration of the indoor oxygen can be increased, the concentration of ozone can be reduced, the time for purifying air can be saved, and the indoor air can be fresher and more pleasant.
And thirdly, the air disinfection purifier adopts the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism provided by the invention, so that the air is purified more thoroughly and the purification effect is better.
The air purification system comprises an air disinfection purifier and at least one mobile terminal in bidirectional communication connection with the air disinfection purifier, a user can utilize the mobile terminal to detect indoor air quality in real time, such as formaldehyde concentration, ozone concentration, TVOC concentration, PM2.5 index, temperature, air humidity value and the like, and operate various modes/parameters of the air disinfection purifier according to detection results, and when the formaldehyde concentration and the TVOC concentration exceed preset values or the ozone concentration is lower than the preset values, the user can be prompted to operate modes of removing formaldehyde, disinfecting and removing TVOC; when the air disinfection purifier is in an automatic mode or a sleep mode, the controller of the air disinfection purifier can control the rotating speed of the air suction pump and the running speed of the humidifier according to the PM2.5 index and the air humidity value, real-time monitoring and automatic control are achieved, a user can live at ease, and the high-quality requirement of the user is met.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of the ozone-oxygen generation integrated mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the air disinfection purifier of the intelligent air purification system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a system architecture of a controller in the intelligent air purification system of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic flow chart illustrating a control method of the intelligent air purification system according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a flowchart illustrating a control method of an intelligent air purification system according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
The implementation, functional features and advantages of the objects of the present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Detailed Description
It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1, the present invention provides an ozone oxygen generating integrated mechanism 100. The ozone oxygen generation integrated structure 100 uses water as a raw material to prepare an ozone/oxygen mixed gas for removing formaldehyde, disinfection, sterilization and the like, and can also directly decompose the ozone/oxygen mixed gas into pure oxygen for use.
Ozone system oxygen intergral mechanism 100 includes PEM ozone generator 11, ozone decomposition jar 12, connects PEM ozone generator 11's ozone export with ozone decomposition jar 12's first pipeline 13, locate first pipeline 13's first solenoid valve 14, with ozone decomposition jar 12's pure oxygen exit linkage's second pipeline 15, locate second pipeline 15 terminal exhaust fan 16, be used for with the third pipeline 17 that the ozone/oxygen mist that PEM ozone generator 11 produced derived and locate third pipeline 17's second solenoid valve 18, third pipeline 17 end closes on exhaust fan 16.
The PEM ozone generator 11 uses water as a raw material to prepare an ozone/oxygen mixed gas. The water is used as a raw material to generate oxygen and ozone, nitrogen oxide (carcinogen) is not derived, the harm to users caused by the derived nitrogen oxide is avoided, and the water-based ozone generator has the advantage of low use cost.
The ozonolysis tank 12 is used for decomposing the ozone/oxygen mixed gas into pure oxygen gas, and can reduce the decomposition time of ozone at normal temperature from 30-50 minutes to 1 second and rapidly decompose the ozone into the pure oxygen gas. The ozone decomposition tank 12 is internally provided with a catalyst for accelerating the decomposition of ozone, the catalyst comprises a carrier, one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide, wherein the one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and the manganese oxide are used for accelerating the decomposition of ozone, the carrier is a porous substance for increasing the contact area of the one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and the manganese oxide with ozone, and the porous substance can be silica gel, ceramic and the like.
One or two of the silver oxide and the copper oxide and manganese oxide are loaded on the carrier to obtain the catalyst, and the preparation method comprises the following steps:
step one, weighing porous substances with the particle size of 1-8 mm and 100g, and soaking the porous substances in the porous substances1.00mol/L Mn(CH3COO)2/Mn(NO3)2Soaking the solution for 6-30 h, performing suction filtration, drying the solution in an oven at 110 ℃ for 1-4h, calcining the solution in a muffle furnace at 400 ℃ for 1-5h, and cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a substance A;
step two, putting the substance A prepared in the step one into 0.50mol/LAgNO3/Cu(NO3)2Dipping the catalyst in the solution for 6-30 h, carrying out suction filtration, drying the catalyst for 1-4h at 110 ℃, calcining the catalyst for 1-5h in a 400 ℃ muffle furnace, and cooling the catalyst to room temperature to obtain the catalyst.
Opening first solenoid valve 14, what the integrative mechanism of ozone system oxygen produced is pure oxygen gas, and second solenoid valve 18 is the closed condition this moment, opens second solenoid valve 18, what the integrative mechanism of ozone system oxygen produced is ozone/oxygen mist, specifically is 25% ozone/75% oxygen mist, and at this moment, first solenoid valve 14 is the closed condition. During actual operation, the first solenoid valve 14 or the second solenoid valve 18 is opened according to specific needs.
The exhaust fan 16 is provided adjacent to the ends of the second and third pipes 15 and 17 for discharging the ozone/oxygen mixture gas or the pure oxygen gas into the room. The ozone/oxygen mixed gas is directly discharged into the room to purify the air, and compared with the method of pumping the air into the purifier, the method has the advantage of more thorough purification.
Referring to fig. 1 again, the present invention further provides an air sterilization purifier, which includes an ozone-oxygen generating integrated mechanism 100. Ozone system oxygen intergral mechanism 100 includes PEM ozone generator 11, ozone decomposition jar 12, connects PEM ozone generator 11's ozone export with ozone decomposition jar 12's first pipeline 13, locate first pipeline 13's first solenoid valve 14, with ozone decomposition jar 12's pure oxygen exit linkage's second pipeline 15, locate second pipeline 15 terminal exhaust fan 16, be used for with the third pipeline 17 that the ozone/oxygen mist that PEM ozone generator 11 produced derived and locate third pipeline 17's second solenoid valve 18, third pipeline 17 end closes on exhaust fan 16.
The PEM ozone generator 11 uses water as a raw material to prepare an ozone/oxygen mixed gas. The water is used as a raw material to generate oxygen and ozone, nitrogen oxide (carcinogen) is not derived, the harm to users caused by the derived nitrogen oxide is avoided, and the water-based ozone generator has the advantage of low use cost.
The ozonolysis tank 12 is used for decomposing the ozone/oxygen mixed gas into pure oxygen gas, and can reduce the decomposition time of ozone at normal temperature from 30-50 minutes to 1 second and rapidly decompose the ozone into the pure oxygen gas. The ozone decomposition tank 12 is internally provided with a catalyst for accelerating the decomposition of ozone, the catalyst comprises a carrier, one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide, wherein the one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and the manganese oxide are used for accelerating the decomposition of ozone, the carrier is a porous substance for increasing the contact area of the one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and the manganese oxide with ozone, and the porous substance can be silica gel, ceramic and the like.
One or two of the silver oxide and the copper oxide and manganese oxide are loaded on the carrier to obtain the catalyst, and the preparation method comprises the following steps:
step one, weighing a porous substance with the particle size of 1-8 mm and 100g, and soaking the porous substance in 1.00mol/L Mn (CH)3COO)2/Mn(NO3)2Soaking the solution for 6-30 h, performing suction filtration, drying the solution in an oven at 110 ℃ for 1-4h, calcining the solution in a muffle furnace at 400 ℃ for 1-5h, and cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a substance A;
step two, putting the substance A prepared in the step one into 0.50mol/LAgNO3/Cu(NO3)2Dipping the catalyst in the solution for 6-30 h, carrying out suction filtration, drying the catalyst for 1-4h at 110 ℃, calcining the catalyst for 1-5h in a 400 ℃ muffle furnace, and cooling the catalyst to room temperature to obtain the catalyst.
Opening first solenoid valve 14, what the integrative mechanism of ozone system oxygen produced is pure oxygen gas, and second solenoid valve 18 is the closed condition this moment, opens second solenoid valve 18, what the integrative mechanism of ozone system oxygen produced is ozone/oxygen mist, specifically is 25% ozone/75% oxygen mist, and at this moment, first solenoid valve 14 is the closed condition. During actual operation, the first solenoid valve 14 or the second solenoid valve 18 is opened according to specific needs.
The exhaust fan 16 is provided adjacent to the ends of the second and third pipes 15 and 17 for discharging the ozone/oxygen mixture gas or the pure oxygen gas into the room. The ozone/oxygen mixed gas is directly discharged into the room to purify the air, and compared with the method of pumping the air into the purifier, the method has the advantage of more thorough purification.
Further, referring to fig. 2, the present invention also provides an intelligent air purification system. Intelligence air purification system include air disinfection clarifier 200 and with air disinfection clarifier 200 both-way communication connection's at least one mobile terminal, air disinfection clarifier 200 includes sensor module 21, is used for filtering PM2.5 granule filter module, is used for accelerating air flow's in the air disinfection clarifier aspirator pump 23, ozone system oxygen integrative mechanism 25, humidifier 26 and controller 29. The sensor module 21 is used for detecting the indoor air quality and sending a detection result to the controller 29, the controller 29 is used for judging whether to operate the working mode and sending a prompt for starting the working mode according to the detection result, the mobile terminal is used for receiving the prompt for starting the working mode sent by the controller 29 and sending an instruction to the controller 29 according to the prompt, and the instruction comprises the working mode and/or working parameters.
The mobile terminal is a mobile phone or a tablet computer. The controller of the air disinfection purifier 200 is connected with the mobile terminal in a communication way through the Internet of things or a WIFI module arranged in the air disinfection purifier 200.
Sensor module 21 includes PM2.5 sensor, formaldehyde sensor, ozone sensor, TVOC sensor, human response sensor and humidity transducer. The PM2.5 sensor, the formaldehyde sensor, the ozone sensor, the TVOC sensor, the human body induction sensor and the humidity sensor are all connected with the controller 29, detected data are sent to the controller 29, the controller 29 compares the received data with a preset threshold value to obtain a comparison result, and a prompt or an instruction is sent according to the comparison result.
The filtering module is a PM2.5 particle filtering HEPA high-efficiency composite filter screen, and can be continuously practical, environment-friendly and economical after simple dust removal. In the in-process of using, the time through detecting the filter screen reminds the user to change the washing, improves the live time of filter screen, also can guarantee PM2.5 particle filter effect simultaneously.
The air suction pump 23 is arranged on one side of the filtering module close to the air outlet of the air disinfection purifier and used for accelerating indoor air flow, the rotating speed of the air suction pump is divided into high-grade, medium-grade and low-grade, and the air suction pump is controlled by the control panel according to data detected by the PM2.5 sensor.
The ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism 25 comprises a PEM ozone generator 251, an ozone decomposition tank 252, a first pipeline 253 for connecting an ozone outlet of the PEM ozone generator 251 with the ozone decomposition tank 252, a first electromagnetic valve 254 arranged on the first pipeline 253, a second pipeline 255 connected with a pure oxygen outlet of the ozone decomposition tank 252, an exhaust fan 256 arranged at the tail end of the second pipeline 255, a third pipeline 257 for guiding out an ozone/oxygen mixed gas generated by the PEM ozone generator 252 and a second electromagnetic valve 258 arranged on the third pipeline 257, wherein the tail end of the third pipeline 257 is close to the exhaust fan 256.
The PEM ozone generator 251 produces an ozone/oxygen mixture gas using water as a raw material. The water is used as a raw material to generate oxygen and ozone, nitrogen oxide (carcinogen) is not derived, the harm to users caused by the derived nitrogen oxide is avoided, and the water-based ozone generator has the advantage of low use cost.
The ozone decomposition tank 252 is used for decomposing the ozone/oxygen mixed gas into pure oxygen gas, and can reduce the decomposition time of ozone at normal temperature from 30-50 minutes to 1 second and rapidly decompose the ozone into the pure oxygen gas. The ozone decomposition tank 252 is internally provided with a catalyst for accelerating the decomposition of ozone, the catalyst comprises a carrier, one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide, wherein the one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and manganese oxide are used for accelerating the decomposition of ozone, the carrier is a porous substance for increasing the contact area of the one or two of silver oxide and copper oxide and the manganese oxide with ozone, and the porous substance can be silica gel, ceramic and the like.
One or two of the silver oxide and the copper oxide and manganese oxide are loaded on the carrier to obtain the catalyst, and the preparation method comprises the following steps:
step one, weighing a porous substance with the particle size of 1-8 mm and 100g, and soaking the porous substance in 1.00mol/L Mn (CH)3COO)2/Mn(NO3)2Soaking the solution for 6-30 h, performing suction filtration, drying the solution in an oven at 110 ℃ for 1-4h, calcining the solution in a muffle furnace at 400 ℃ for 1-5h, and cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a substance A;
step two, putting the substance A prepared in the step one into 0.50mol/LAgNO3/Cu(NO3)2Dipping the catalyst in the solution for 6-30 h, carrying out suction filtration, drying the catalyst for 1-4h at 110 ℃, calcining the catalyst for 1-5h in a 400 ℃ muffle furnace, and cooling the catalyst to room temperature to obtain the catalyst.
Opening first solenoid valve 254, what the integrative mechanism of ozone system oxygen produced is pure oxygen gas, and second solenoid valve 258 is the closed condition this moment, opens second solenoid valve 258, what the integrative mechanism of ozone system oxygen produced is ozone/oxygen mist, specifically is 25% ozone/75% oxygen mist, and at this moment, first solenoid valve 254 is the closed condition. During actual operation, either the first solenoid valve 254 or the second solenoid valve 258 is opened as needed.
The exhaust fan 256 is disposed adjacent to the ends of the second and third pipes 255 and 257 to discharge the ozone/oxygen mixture gas or the pure oxygen gas into the room. The ozone/oxygen mixed gas is directly discharged into the room to purify the air, and compared with the method of pumping the air into the purifier, the method has the advantage of more thorough purification.
The humidifier 26 is used to increase the humidity in the room.
Referring to fig. 3, the controller 29 includes:
a processor 291 adapted to implement instructions;
the memory 293 is adapted to store a plurality of instructions, and the instructions are loaded and executed by the processor 293 to implement the steps of the control method of the air disinfection purifier provided below, which are specifically referred to below and will not be described herein again.
Further, referring to fig. 4, the present invention provides a control method of an air sterilization purifier. In a first embodiment, the control method includes the steps of:
step S10, starting the air disinfection purifier;
step S20, obtaining a detection result obtained by detecting indoor air quality by a sensor detection module, wherein the detection result comprises formaldehyde concentration, ozone concentration and TVOC concentration;
step S30, receiving the detection result and correspondingly comparing the formaldehyde concentration, the ozone concentration and the TVOC concentration in the detection result with a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold, a preset ozone concentration threshold and a preset TVOC concentration threshold respectively;
the correspondence comparison is a comparison of the formaldehyde concentration with a formaldehyde concentration threshold, an ozone concentration with an ozone concentration threshold, and a TVOC concentration with a TVOC concentration threshold.
Step S40, when the formaldehyde concentration exceeds the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold, sending a prompt of operating a formaldehyde removal mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction of operating the formaldehyde removal mode sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and the formaldehyde removal mode;
step S50, when the ozone concentration is lower than the preset ozone concentration threshold, sending a prompt of operating a disinfection mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an operating disinfection mode instruction sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and a disinfection mode;
step S60, when the TVOC concentration exceeds the TVOC concentration threshold, sending a prompt to the mobile terminal to operate the TVOC mode, and after receiving an instruction to operate the TVOC mode, the PM2.5 mode and the TVOC mode are operated simultaneously.
Wherein, when the formaldehyde mode is removed in the operation, the working process of air disinfection clarifier is as follows:
the method comprises the steps that a formaldehyde sensor monitors the formaldehyde concentration of indoor air in real time, data are sent to a controller every 30 minutes, the controller compares the formaldehyde concentration of the air with a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, when the formaldehyde concentration data of the air are larger than the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, a prompt of starting a formaldehyde removal working mode is sent to a mobile terminal, a user sends an instruction of operating the formaldehyde removal working mode after receiving the prompt or the user knows that the formaldehyde concentration exceeds the standard through the mobile terminal, after the controller receives the instruction of operating the formaldehyde removal working mode and determines that no person is in the room through a human body induction sensor, a PEM ozone generator, a second electromagnetic valve and an exhaust fan are started, ozone/oxygen mixed gas generated by the PEM ozone generator is discharged into the room, at the moment, the formaldehyde sensor uploads data to a cloud database every 10 minutes, the controller receives the data detected by the formaldehyde sensor from the cloud database and sends the data and the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value into the room And comparing, when the formaldehyde concentration data is less than a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, determining that the formaldehyde is removed from the gaseous substances, closing the second electromagnetic valve, opening the first electromagnetic valve, converting the ozone/oxygen mixed gas into pure oxygen gas through the ozone generating tank, discharging the pure oxygen gas, and closing the PEM ozone generator, the first electromagnetic valve and the exhaust fan after 5 minutes of discharge of the pure oxygen gas.
The ozone sensor uploads data to the cloud server every 10 minutes and sends the data to the controller, and when the ozone concentration data detected by the ozone sensor is smaller than the ozone air safety concentration standard value, the controller sends a prompt that a person can enter the room.
Wherein, when the disinfection mode is operated, the working process of the air disinfection purifier is as follows:
the ozone sensor monitors the ozone concentration of indoor air in real time, and sends data to the controller once every 30 minutes, the controller compares the ozone concentration of air with a preset ozone air disinfection concentration standard value, when the ozone concentration data of air is smaller than the preset ozone air disinfection concentration standard value, the situation that the ozone concentration of indoor air is too low and indoor microorganisms cannot be killed is shown, a judgment result that a disinfection working mode needs to be operated is obtained, and a prompt for starting the disinfection working mode is sent to the mobile terminal.
The user sends an instruction for operating the disinfection working mode through the mobile terminal, and after the controller receives the instruction for operating the disinfection working mode, the PEM ozone generator, the second electromagnetic valve and the exhaust fan are started, so that the mobile terminal can start the PEM ozone generator, the second electromagnetic valve and the exhaust fanThe ozone/oxygen mixed gas generated by the PEM ozone generator is discharged indoors, at the moment, the ozone sensor uploads data to the cloud database once every 10 minutes, and the controller receives the data detected by the ozone sensor from the cloud database and compares the data with a preset ozone concentration threshold (20 mg/m)3) And comparing, when the air ozone concentration data is greater than a preset ozone concentration threshold value, continuously operating the PEM ozone generator to generate ozone, then closing the second electromagnetic valve, opening the first electromagnetic valve, converting the ozone/oxygen mixed gas into pure oxygen gas through the ozone generating tank to be discharged, and after the pure oxygen gas is discharged for 5 minutes, closing the PEM ozone generator, the first electromagnetic valve and the exhaust fan.
The ozone sensor still uploads data to the cloud server once every 10 minutes and sends the data to the controller, and when the ozone concentration data detected by the ozone sensor is smaller than the ozone air safety concentration standard value, the controller sends a prompt that a person can enter the room.
Wherein, when the TVOC mode is removed in operation, the working process of the air disinfection purifier is as follows:
the TVOC sensor monitors indoor air TVOC concentration in real time, data is sent to the controller every 30 minutes, the controller compares the TVOC concentration in the air with a preset TVOC concentration threshold value, when the air TVOC concentration data is larger than the preset TVOC concentration threshold value, a prompt for starting a TVOC removal working mode is sent to the mobile terminal, a user sends an instruction for operating the TVOC removal working mode after receiving the prompt or the user learns that the TVOC concentration exceeds the standard through the mobile terminal, after the controller receives the instruction for operating the TVOC removal working mode and determines that no person is in a room through the human body induction sensor, the PEM ozone generator, the second electromagnetic valve and the exhaust fan are started to discharge ozone/oxygen mixed gas generated by the PEM ozone generator into the room, at the moment, the TVOC sensor uploads data to the cloud database every 10 minutes, the controller receives the data detected by the TVOC sensor from the cloud database and compares the data with the preset TVOC concentration threshold value, when the TVOC concentration data is smaller than the preset TVOC concentration threshold value, the TVOC is considered to be removed from the gaseous substances, at the moment, the second electromagnetic valve is closed, the first electromagnetic valve is opened, the ozone/oxygen mixed gas is converted into pure oxygen gas to be discharged through the ozone generating tank, and after the pure oxygen gas is discharged for 5 minutes, the PEM ozone generator, the first electromagnetic valve and the exhaust fan are closed.
The ozone sensor uploads data to the cloud server every 10 minutes and sends the data to the controller, and when the ozone concentration data detected by the ozone sensor is smaller than the ozone air safety concentration standard value, the controller sends a prompt that a person can enter the room.
Remove formaldehyde mode, disinfection mode and remove when the TVOC mode in the operation, the controller sends the testing result received to mobile terminal simultaneously, convenient time spent real time monitoring room air quality.
Further, referring to fig. 5, based on the first embodiment of the control method of the intelligent air purification system of the present invention, in the second embodiment of the control method of the intelligent air purification system of the present invention, steps S70 and S80 are further included simultaneously with the step S20;
s70, acquiring the working state of the air disinfection purifier and the PM2.5 index sent by the PM2.5 sensor, and controlling the rotating speed of the air suction pump according to the working state and the PM2.5 index, wherein the working state comprises an automatic mode working state and a sleep mode working state; specifically, the method comprises the following steps:
in the automatic mode operating state: the value of PM2.5 transmitter real-time monitoring is less than 75ug/m3The main screen displays a fan blade icon, and the operation speed of the air suction pump at a low gear is 350 r/min; the real-time monitoring value of the PM2.5 sensor is 75-150ug/m3In the range, the main screen displays two icons, and the middle-gear rotating speed of the air suction pump is 800 r/min; the real-time monitoring value of the PM2.5 sensor is more than 150ug/m3The main screen displays three fan blade icons, and the high-grade rotating speed of the air suction pump runs at 1200 r/min;
in the sleep mode operating state: the real-time monitoring value of the PM2.5 sensor is less than 150ug/m3The main screen displays a fan blade icon, and the rotating speed of the air suction pump is 350 r/min; under the working state of the sleep mode, the real-time monitoring value of the PM2.5 sensor is more than 150ug/m3The main screen displays two fan blade icons, and the rotating speed of the air suction pump is 800 r/min.
S80, obtaining the working state of the air disinfection purifier and the air humidity value sent by the humidity sensor, and controlling the running speed of the humidifier according to the working state and the air humidity value, wherein the working state comprises an automatic mode working state and a sleep mode working state, and specifically:
in the automatic mode operating state: humidity sensing monitors indoor air humidity value less than 40% RH in real time, a main screen displays three humidifying water drop patterns, a humidifier runs at high grade, and the humidifying amount is 350 mL/h; the humidity sensor monitors that the indoor air humidity value is in the range of 40-70% RH in real time, the main screen displays two humidifying water patterns, the humidifier automatically operates at a middle level, and the humidifying amount is 200 mL/h; the humidity transmitter monitors the air humidity value to be larger than 70% RH in real time, and the system automatically closes the humidifier.
In the sleep mode operating state: the humidity sensor monitors indoor air humidity value less than 40% RH in real time, the main screen displays two humidifying water patterns, the humidifier automatically operates at a middle level, the humidifying amount is 200mL/h (the humidity sensor monitors indoor air humidity value within the range of 40-70% RH in real time, the humidifier automatically operates at a low level, the humidifying amount is 80mL/h, the humidity sensor monitors indoor air humidity value greater than 70% RH in real time, and the humidifier is turned off.
It should be noted that the formaldehyde removal mode, the disinfection mode and the TVOC removal mode can not be operated simultaneously, but only one mode can be operated, and in addition, when the air disinfection purifier operates the formaldehyde removal mode, the humidifier is automatically closed; when the air disinfection purifier operates in a disinfection mode, the controller automatically starts the function of the humidifier to work in an automatic mode under the condition that the indoor humidity is less than 40% RH.
It should also be noted that, in this document, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other like elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The above-mentioned serial numbers of the embodiments of the present invention are merely for description and do not represent the merits of the embodiments.
Through the above description of the embodiments, those skilled in the art will clearly understand that the method of the above embodiments can be implemented by software plus a necessary general hardware platform, and certainly can also be implemented by hardware, but in many cases, the former is a better implementation manner. Based on such understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention may be embodied in the form of a software product, which is stored in a storage medium (e.g., ROM/RAM, magnetic disk, optical disk) and includes instructions for enabling a terminal device (e.g., a mobile phone, a computer, a server, or a network device) to execute the method according to the embodiments of the present invention.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by using the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. An ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism is characterized by comprising a PEM ozone generator and an ozone decomposition tank connected with an ozone outlet of the PEM ozone generator, wherein a catalyst for accelerating the decomposition of ozone into pure oxygen is arranged in the ozone decomposition tank, the catalyst comprises manganese oxide and one or a mixture of two of silver oxide and copper oxide, and a carrier is a porous substance, and the preparation method of the catalyst comprises the following steps:
step one, weighing 100g of porous substance with the particle size of 1-8 mm, and soaking the porous substance in 1.0mol/L Mn (CH)3COO)2/Mn(NO3)2Soaking the solution for 6-30 h, performing suction filtration, drying the solution in an oven at 110 ℃ for 1-4h, calcining the solution in a muffle furnace at 400 ℃ for 1-5h, and cooling the solution to room temperature to obtain a substance A;
step two, the stepThe substance A prepared in the first step is placed in 0.5mol/LAgNO3/Cu(NO3)2Dipping the catalyst in the solution for 6-30 h, carrying out suction filtration, drying the catalyst for 1-4h at 110 ℃, calcining the catalyst for 1-5h in a 400 ℃ muffle furnace, and cooling the catalyst to room temperature to obtain the catalyst.
2. The integrated ozone and oxygen generation mechanism of claim 1, further comprising a first pipeline connecting the ozone outlet of the PEM ozone generator and the ozone decomposition tank, a first solenoid valve arranged on the first pipeline, a second pipeline connected with the pure oxygen outlet of the ozone decomposition tank, and an exhaust fan arranged at the tail end of the second pipeline.
3. The integrated ozone and oxygen generating mechanism as claimed in claim 2, further comprising a third pipeline for guiding out the ozone/oxygen mixture generated by the PEM ozone generator and a second solenoid valve disposed on the third pipeline, wherein the end of the third pipeline is close to the exhaust fan.
4. An air disinfection purifier, characterized in that it comprises the ozone oxygen-making integrated mechanism of any one of claims 1 to 3.
5. An intelligent air purification system is characterized by comprising an air disinfection purifier and at least one mobile terminal in bidirectional communication connection with the air disinfection purifier, the air disinfection purifier comprises a sensor module, a controller, a filtering module for filtering PM2.5 particles, an air suction pump for accelerating the air flow in the air disinfection purifier and the ozone oxygen generation integrated mechanism of claim 3, the sensor module is used for detecting the indoor air quality and sending a detection result to the controller, the controller is used for judging whether to operate the working mode or not according to the detection result and sending a prompt of operating the working mode, the mobile terminal is used for receiving the prompt of the operation working mode sent by the controller and sending an instruction to the controller according to the prompt, wherein the instruction comprises the working mode and/or the working parameters.
6. The intelligent air purification system of claim 5, wherein the sensor module comprises a PM2.5 sensor, a formaldehyde sensor, an ozone sensor, a TVOC sensor, and a humidity sensor.
7. The intelligent air purification system of claim 6, wherein the air disinfection purifier further comprises a humidifier, the operating modes include a PM2.5 mode, a Formaldehyde removal mode, a disinfection mode, and a TVOC removal mode, and the operating parameters include the rotational speed of the getter pump and the operating speed of the humidifier.
8. The intelligent air purification system of claim 7, wherein the controller comprises:
a processor adapted to implement instructions;
a memory adapted to store a plurality of instructions that are loaded by the processor and perform the steps of:
acquiring a detection result obtained by detecting indoor air quality by a sensor detection module, wherein the detection result comprises formaldehyde concentration, ozone concentration and TVOC concentration;
receiving the detection result and correspondingly comparing the formaldehyde concentration, the ozone concentration and the TVOC concentration in the detection result with a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold, a preset ozone concentration threshold and a preset TVOC concentration threshold respectively;
when the formaldehyde concentration exceeds the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a formaldehyde removal mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction for operating the formaldehyde removal mode sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and the formaldehyde removal mode;
when the ozone concentration is lower than the preset ozone concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a disinfection mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving a disinfection mode operation instruction sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and a disinfection mode;
and when the TVOC concentration exceeds the preset TVOC concentration threshold, sending a prompt for opening a TVOC removing mode to the mobile terminal, and simultaneously operating the PM2.5 mode and the TVOC removing mode after receiving an instruction for operating the TVOC removing mode sent by the mobile terminal.
9. The control method of the intelligent air purification system according to claim 8, wherein the control method comprises the steps of:
opening the air disinfection purifier;
acquiring a detection result obtained by detecting indoor air quality by a sensor detection module, wherein the detection result comprises formaldehyde concentration, ozone concentration and TVOC concentration;
receiving the detection result and correspondingly comparing the formaldehyde concentration, the ozone concentration and the TVOC concentration in the detection result with a preset formaldehyde concentration threshold, a preset ozone concentration threshold and a preset TVOC concentration threshold respectively;
when the formaldehyde concentration exceeds the preset formaldehyde concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a formaldehyde removal mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction for operating the formaldehyde removal mode sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and the formaldehyde removal mode;
when the ozone concentration is lower than the preset ozone concentration threshold value, sending a prompt for starting a disinfection mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving a disinfection mode operation instruction sent by the mobile terminal, simultaneously operating a PM2.5 mode and a disinfection mode;
and when the TVOC concentration exceeds the preset TVOC concentration threshold, sending a prompt for starting a TVOC removing mode to the mobile terminal, and after receiving an instruction for operating the TVOC removing mode sent by the mobile terminal, operating the PM2.5 mode and the TVOC removing mode at the same time.
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