CN107162811A - A kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process - Google Patents

A kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107162811A
CN107162811A CN201710586442.2A CN201710586442A CN107162811A CN 107162811 A CN107162811 A CN 107162811A CN 201710586442 A CN201710586442 A CN 201710586442A CN 107162811 A CN107162811 A CN 107162811A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic fertilizers
biological organic
many effect
parts
effect biological
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710586442.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
隋文志
隋新
贺佳贝
怀宝东
徐飞
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Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences
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Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences filed Critical Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences
Priority to CN201710586442.2A priority Critical patent/CN107162811A/en
Publication of CN107162811A publication Critical patent/CN107162811A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D5/00Fertilisers containing magnesium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process, it is prepared from by following components according to mass fraction, 85 95 parts of pulvis of the soybean residue mixture after harmless treatment, 25 parts of biological bacteria powder, 12 parts of naa, 7 12 parts of trace element.The present invention with the addition of naa and trace element, and using soybean residue fermentate as carrier, wasted resources, comprehensive nutrition, promotes crop to root, trace element, growth promoter and bacterial manure collective effect, the resistance of crop can be improved, chemical fertilizer more than 10% is saved, crop yield more than 6%, economic benefit value increases more than 1000 yuan/hectare.

Description

A kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer, more particularly to a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process.
Background technology
Biological organic fertilizer refers to microorganisms with specific functions with main with plant and animal residues (such as feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw Deng) it is that the class originated and be composited through harmless treatment, the organic materials become thoroughly decomposed has microbial manure and organic fertilizer efficiency concurrently The fertilizer answered.China has formulated raw organic fertilizer professional standard in 2005, is revised within 2012, standard No. is NY884- 2012, specification is carried out to biological organic fertilizer industry, current biological organic fertilizer is mainly worked with functional microorganism, biological The carrier of organic fertilizer is mainly the resource substances such as turf, and composition is single, and its performance acted on is influenceed larger by soil environment, because This, effect is not very stable;Northern area is major soybean production areas, and bean product yield is high, and its pair of product soybean residue be not due to having very Good application market, is deposited in around factory, and spontaneous fermentation produces poisonous and harmful substance, soybean residue it is nutritious, containing having Machine thing, inorganic matter and trace element, wasted resources can be played a part of after harmless treatment as fertilizer.
The content of the invention
The present invention is that there is provided a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process in order to solve above-mentioned deficiency.
The above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is realized by following technical scheme:
A kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers, are prepared from the following components, by following components according to mass fraction preparation Into 85-95 parts of pulvis of the soybean residue mixture after harmless treatment, 2-5 parts of biological bacteria powder, 1-2 parts of naa, micro member It is plain 7-12 parts.
Wherein, pulvis of the soybean residue mixture after harmless treatment, gained, bean curd are prepared by following methods Slag, humic acid, bentonite are according to part by weight 3:3:2 mixing, water content is adjusted to 55~60%, and long pile is piled into after mixing Heap fermentation is carried out, material temperature is kept for 65~70 DEG C, is fermented 5~7 days, after fermentation 38~42 days, when material temperature drops to 35 DEG C, stopping Fermentation, air-dry and crushes, obtained pulvis, the content of organic matter >=40%.
Bacillus subtilis (Bacillus subtilis), bacillus megaterium (Bacillus in the biological bacteria powder ) and Bacillus mucilaginosus (Bacillusmucilaginosus) mix preparation living bacteria count >=20,000,000,000 megaterium/ Gram, many effect organic fertilizers containing living bacteria count >=0.2 hundred million/gram.
Naa purity >=98%.
B+Zn+Mg >=25% in the trace element.
The processing method of many effect biological organic fertilizer granular formulations is, biological bacteria powder, naa and trace element and bean curd Pulvis of the slag mixture after harmless treatment is formed after mixing by extruder grain, less than 80 DEG C drying.
The consumption of many effect biological organic fertilizers is 50 kilograms/hectare.Specific total dose keeps constant, which part Chemical fertilizer is substituted with many effect biological organic fertilizers, and replacement amount is 50 kilograms/hectare.
It is an advantage of the invention that:Compared with common biological organic fertilizer, naa and trace element are with the addition of, and with soybean residue Fermentate is carrier, and wasted resources, comprehensive nutrition promotes crop to root, trace element, growth promoter and bacterial manure Collective effect, can improve the resistance of crop, save chemical fertilizer more than 10%, crop yield more than 6%, economic benefit value increase by 1000 It is more than member/hectare.
Embodiment
In order that objects and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out with reference to embodiments further Describe in detail.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to limit this hair It is bright.
A kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers of the present invention are prepared from by following components according to mass fraction, soybean residue mixing 90 parts of pulvis of the thing after harmless treatment, 2 parts of biological bacteria powder, 1 part of naa, 7 parts of trace element.By extruding after mixing Granulation, less than 80 DEG C drying are formed.Wherein soybean residue mixture after harmless treatment pulvis (content of organic matter >= 40%);Biological bacteria powder (effect viable count >=20,000,000,000/gram), naa (naa >=98%) and trace element (B+Zn+Mg >= 25%) it is even to be bought by the market.
Specific embodiment:
Experiment in 2016 is completed in Heilongjiang Academy of Land Reclamation Sciences experimental plot;Wherein early field experiment soil is chernozem, base Plinth fertility is:Organic matter 30.5g/kg, full nitrogen 1.237g/kg, full phosphorus 1.022g/kg, available potassium 198mg/kg, pH 6.8.Water Field experiment soil types is Baijiang soil, and basic fertility is:Organic matter 19.5g/kg, full nitrogen 1.089g/kg, rapid available phosphorus 12.1mg/ Kg, available potassium 204mg/kg, pH 7.0.
Dry crop is corn and soybean, and wet crop is paddy rice;Experiment sets 3 processing, 3 repetitions altogether:Processing 1, sheet Many effect biological organic fertilizers obtained by inventive embodiments;Processing 2, the biological organic fertilizer of market sale;Processing 3, conventional fertilizer application.
Result of the test:
1st, application effect of many effect biological organic fertilizers on soybean
Each processing of experiment is in soybean florescence tree characteristics determination data:
Soybean seedling quality is determined in the soybean florescence, result of the test shows, 1 effect of processing is better than processing 2 and processing 3, The soybean plant height of processing 1, up and down dry weight and root nodule dry weight be above processing 2 and processing 3, soybean growth is fast, and seedling quality is good, It is shown in Table 1.
1 soybean florescence of table survey of growth and development result
Each processing of experiment is in soybean primary growth stage field plant property determination data:
Soybean plant strain dry weight is examined in soybean florescence, fruiting period and podding duration, processing 1 soybean growth is better than 2 Hes of processing Processing 3, is shown in Table 2.
Dry matter accumulation of soybean investigation result (the unit of table 2:G/ plants)
Test each processing main characters of soybean:
Soybean yields Components species test result shows, the soybean plant strain plant height of processing 1, strain pod number, strain grain number, 100-grain weight With yield higher than control, soybean surveys production result and shown, substantially, yield relatively compares volume increase 5.80% to 1 effect of increasing production of processing, is shown in Table 3.
The soybean yields Components of table 3 are analyzed
Note:Each processing Production rate result moisture has been deducted.Cell surveys 10 square metres of area of production
2nd, application effect of many effect biological organic fertilizers on corn
Each processing of experiment examines or check data in corn tasseling stage field plant character
Test and investigated tree characteristics in tasseling stage, corn fertilizer effect of the invention substantially, effectively increases corn Three ear leaves leaf area, improves photosynthetic rate and transpiration rate, plant major traits level is better than market purchase special fertilizer and often Fertilizer treatment is advised, 4 are shown in Table.
The corn tasseling stage plant of table 4 examines or check data
Each processing of experiment examines or check data in corn primary growth stage dry-matter accumulation
Seedling stage, typhon mouthful phase and tasseling stage in corn growth determine corn dry matter accumulation, of the invention Corn seed manure specially corn dry matter accumulation is fast, has established material base to the formation of later stage corn yield, has been shown in Table 5.
The corn primary growth stage dry-matter accumulation investigation result (unit of table 5:G/ plants)
Test each processing Yield Traits In Corn:
Cell is surveyed production result and shown, many effect biological organic fertilizers are shown in Table 6 than conventional fertilizer application volume increase 5.18%.
Cell production determination data under the conditions of the different disposal of table 6
Note:Each processing Production rate result moisture has been deducted.Cell surveys 10 square metres of area of production.
3rd, application effect of many effect biological organic fertilizers on paddy rice
Each processing of experiment is in rice seedling seedling stage tree characteristics determination data:
Seedling Quality in Rice is determined in rice plant of tillering stage, result of the test shows, 1 effect of processing is better than processing 2 and processing 3, handle dry weight above and below 1 rice seedling tiller number, plant height and ground and be above processing 2 and processing 3, rice striking root is fast, rice seedling Seedling quality is good, is shown in Table 7.
Table 7 rice plant of tillering stage survey of growth and development result
Each processing of experiment is in paddy rice primary growth stage field plant property determination data:
Rice plant character is examined in rice plant of tillering stage, panicle primordium dif ferentiation stage and heading stage, 1 paddy rice dry weight of processing is better than place Reason 2 and processing 3, are shown in Table 8.
The rice dry matter of table 8 accumulates investigation result (unit:G/ plants)
Paddy rice surveys production result and shown, substantially, yield relatively compares volume increase 5.35% to 1 effect of increasing production of processing, is shown in Table 9.
The rice yield traits of table 9 are analyzed
Note:Each processing Production rate result moisture has been deducted.Cell surveys 10 square metres of area of production
In summary, using a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process obtained by the embodiment of the present invention, it can promote Enter soybean, corn and rice plant growth's development, reduce nitrogenous fertilizer 10%, soybean yield-increasing 5.80%, corn yield increasing 5.18%, paddy rice Volume increase 5.35%, economic benefit value increases more than 1000 yuan/hectare.
Embodiments of the invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every to utilize this hair Equivalent structure or equivalent flow conversion that bright specification and embodiment content are made, or directly or indirectly it is used in other correlations Technical field, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers, it is characterised in that:It is prepared from by following components according to mass fraction, soybean residue is mixed 85-95 parts of pulvis of the compound after harmless treatment, 2-5 parts of biological bacteria powder, 1-2 parts of naa is micro- 7-12 parts.
2. a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The soybean residue mixture passes through Pulvis after harmless treatment, prepares gained, soybean residue, humic acid, bentonite are according to part by weight 3 by following methods:3:2 mix Close, water content is adjusted to 55~60%, long pile is piled into after mixing and carries out heap fermentation, material temperature keeps 65~70 DEG C, fermentation 5 ~7 days, after fermentation 38~42 days, when material temperature drops to 35 DEG C, stopped fermentation, air-dry and crushes, obtained pulvis is organic Matter content >=40%.
3. a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The biological bacteria powder includes withered grass Bacillus, bacillus megaterium and Bacillus mucilaginosus, living bacteria count >=20,000,000,000/gram, many effect organic fertilizers are containing effective Viable count >=0.2 hundred million/gram.
4. a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The purity of the naa >= 98%.
5. a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described trace element in B, Zn, Mg element mass content >=25%.
6. a kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is made up of following methods, it is biological By extruder grain, 80 after the pulvis mixing of bacterium powder, naa, trace element, soybean residue mixture after harmless treatment Drying is formed below DEG C.
7. a kind of application process of many effect biological organic fertilizers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Total dose is protected Hold constant, which part chemical fertilizer is substituted with many effect biological organic fertilizers, replacement amount is 50 kilograms/hectare.
CN201710586442.2A 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 A kind of many effect biological organic fertilizers and its application process Pending CN107162811A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107746348A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-02 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kind of organic fertilizer and its application process

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10204456A1 (en) * 2002-02-05 2003-08-14 Globachem N V Fertilizers and/or plant auxiliaries, useful e.g. in orchards or vineyards for increasing fruit yields, comprise gibberellin A4, A7 or A3, 1-naphthalene-acetic acid or 1-naphthylacetamide
CN104447040A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-03-25 湖南金叶众望科技股份有限公司 Three-acid mixed fermentation bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method of fertilizer as well as application of fertilizer in tobacco planting

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10204456A1 (en) * 2002-02-05 2003-08-14 Globachem N V Fertilizers and/or plant auxiliaries, useful e.g. in orchards or vineyards for increasing fruit yields, comprise gibberellin A4, A7 or A3, 1-naphthalene-acetic acid or 1-naphthylacetamide
CN104447040A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-03-25 湖南金叶众望科技股份有限公司 Three-acid mixed fermentation bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method of fertilizer as well as application of fertilizer in tobacco planting

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
伍均锋: "《农药安全使用技术》", 31 October 2016, 河北科学技术出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107746348A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-02 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kind of organic fertilizer and its application process

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Application publication date: 20170915