CN107156618A - A kind of coarse grain food and its processing method - Google Patents

A kind of coarse grain food and its processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107156618A
CN107156618A CN201710320322.8A CN201710320322A CN107156618A CN 107156618 A CN107156618 A CN 107156618A CN 201710320322 A CN201710320322 A CN 201710320322A CN 107156618 A CN107156618 A CN 107156618A
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China
Prior art keywords
coarse grain
parts
powder
food
raw
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CN201710320322.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王素军
时小燕
王逍迪
黄小英
押辉远
王明星
牛江秀
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Luoyang Normal University
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Luoyang Normal University
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Priority to CN201710320322.8A priority Critical patent/CN107156618A/en
Publication of CN107156618A publication Critical patent/CN107156618A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L7/00Cereal-derived products; Malt products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L7/10Cereal-derived products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21DTREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
    • A21D13/00Finished or partly finished bakery products
    • A21D13/06Products with modified nutritive value, e.g. with modified starch content
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21DTREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
    • A21D2/00Treatment of flour or dough by adding materials thereto before or during baking
    • A21D2/08Treatment of flour or dough by adding materials thereto before or during baking by adding organic substances
    • A21D2/36Vegetable material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21DTREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
    • A21D2/00Treatment of flour or dough by adding materials thereto before or during baking
    • A21D2/08Treatment of flour or dough by adding materials thereto before or during baking by adding organic substances
    • A21D2/36Vegetable material
    • A21D2/362Leguminous plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L11/00Pulses, i.e. fruits of leguminous plants, for production of food; Products from legumes; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L11/05Mashed or comminuted pulses or legumes; Products made therefrom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L7/00Cereal-derived products; Malt products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L7/10Cereal-derived products
    • A23L7/104Fermentation of farinaceous cereal or cereal material; Addition of enzymes or microorganisms

Abstract

A kind of coarse grain food and its processing method.Coarse grain food of the present invention is counted including following raw material by weight:0.3~2.0 part of 15~50 parts of coarse grain powder, 90~250 parts of Self- raising flour, 20~80 parts optional of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or dusty yeast;The coarse grain powder is counted by weight to be made up of following raw material:5~20 parts of chick-pea, 1~10 part of kidney bean, 1~10 part of red bean, 0.5~10 part of sorghum, 0.5~5 part of black soya bean, 1~10 part of oat, 0.5~10 part of corn.The coarse grain food that the present invention is provided has strengthening spleen and nourishing stomach, promotes the effects such as gastrointestinal motility, prevention diabetes, anti-oxidant, reducing blood lipid, prevention cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, anti-aging, fat-reducing, raising immunity, is particularly suitable for the elderly edible.

Description

A kind of coarse grain food and its processing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to food technology field, and in particular to a kind of coarse grain food and its processing method.
Background technology
With the development of science and technology, the improvement of people's living standards, Chinese diet structure is also changing, wherein to essence The pursuit of siping food so that some necessary nutritional ingredients are abandoned therewith while processing.Research shows, human factor pair The influence of human health is gradually increasing.What the change of live and work environment, the aging of population, and human diseases were composed changes Become, force medical and health care system to be changed into from former " being kept fit by the treatment to disease " " by the prevention of disease To keep fit ".Especially in today of aging population, increasing chronic disease, or ciril disease generation, such as diabetes, Hypertension, high fat of blood, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, constipation, obesity, cancer etc., not only increase personal household economy burden, and improve Social medical insurance is paid.
For the higher and higher chronic disease of the current incidence of disease, and the increasingly social reality of aging, how to pass through diet Promote healthy, prophylactic generation with accomplishing day-to-day, Leisure orchards, this is the final goal of nutrition and preventive medicine, It is a thing based on present of having one's eyes on the future.
Research has shown that, chick-pea is acted on substantially in terms of enriching blood, replenishing the calcium, be diabetes, hyperpietic it is optimal Food;Also there is the propagation for preventing cancer cell, promote the effect of cancer cell death, effectively can prevent and slow down diabetes complicated Disease.Patent of invention " formula of low-sugar type chick-pea biscuit and preparation method thereof " such as CN 102894055A discloses a kind of low Sugar-type chick-pea biscuit, the low-sugar type chick-pea cookie formulation is wholewheat flour 47.5%, the full powder 8% of chick-pea, solid grease 5.6%th, whole milk powder 5.6%, dry ferment 0.28%, sodium bicarbonate 0.34%, salt 0.56% and warm water 2.12%.The low-sugar type Coarse food grain species is more single in chick-pea cookie formulation, limited to the beneficial effect of human body.CN 105557939A patent of invention " a kind of nourishing the stomach QI invigorating multigrain biscuit " discloses a kind of multigrain biscuit, the nourishing the stomach QI invigorating multigrain biscuit by following parts by weight raw material Composition:100~200 parts of wheat flour, 30~40 parts of chick-pea, 8~10 parts of myrrh, 5~7 parts of caulis trachelospermi, 40~50 parts of corn flour, 30~50 parts of purple sweet potato powder, 15~25 parts of egg, 10~20 parts of honey, 8~12 parts of apple skin, 3~5 parts of sheep hoof, Purple Perilla Seed Oil 10 ~20 parts, 20~30 parts of agaric, 6~10 parts of ramose scouring rush herb, 5~15 parts of dark plum, 100~120 parts of water.The nourishing the stomach QI invigorating multigrain biscuit Contained coarse food grain species is less, and other compositions are more, cause cost higher.
The content of the invention
Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a kind of coarse grain food, the suitable the elderly of the coarse grain food is edible, With strengthening spleen and nourishing stomach, promote gastrointestinal motility, prevention diabetes, anti-oxidant, reducing blood lipid, prevention cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, anti-aging, subtract The effects such as fertilizer, raising immunity.
For up to above-mentioned purpose, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
A kind of coarse grain food, by weight meter include following raw material:15~50 parts of coarse grain powder, Self- raising flour 90~250 Part, 20~80 parts optional of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or 0.3~2.0 part of dusty yeast;
The coarse grain powder is counted by weight to be made up of following raw material:5~20 parts of chick-pea, 1~10 part of kidney bean, red bean 1 ~10 parts, 0.5~10 part of sorghum, 0.5~5 part of black soya bean, 1~10 part of oat, 0.5~10 part of corn.
Preferably, the coarse grain food of the present invention, by weight meter include following raw material:It is 25~35 parts of coarse grain powder, low 0.6~1.2 part of 108~210 parts of gluten flour, 30~60 parts optional of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or dusty yeast;
The coarse grain powder is counted by weight to be made up of following raw material:8~12 parts of chick-pea, 2~5 parts of kidney bean, red bean 2~ 5 parts, 1~5 part of sorghum, 1~3 part of black soya bean, 2~5 parts of oat, 1~5 part of corn.
Edible oil, yeast powder and/or dusty yeast are can be selected to add according to the product form finally prepared in the present invention Composition, those skilled in the art can determine whether to add completely as needed, and the amount of addition also can adjust suitably as needed It is whole.If for example, the food made is steamed bun, steamed twisted roll class product, only needing to add yeast powder and/or dusty yeast;If system The food of work is such as noodles product, then need not add edible oil, yeast powder and dusty yeast;If the food made for biscuit or Cake class product, then need while adding edible oil and yeast powder and/or dusty yeast.
The component function of coarse food grain raw material used is simply described below from the angle of nutrition and preventive medicine in the present invention:
Chick-pea:Research shows by contrast, chick-pea and other beans protein efficiency ratio, biological utilisation value and In digestibility index, chick-pea is highest, therefore has won the laudatory title of " king in beans ", includes human body containing 18 kinds of amino acid Required 8 kinds of amino acid, content is higher by more than 2 times than oat;Calcic, iron, zinc, magnesium, selenium, chromium, phosphorus and nicotinic acid, vitamin B6 (VB6), pantothenic acid, dietary fiber, act on obvious in terms of enriching blood, replenishing the calcium, be diabetes, the optimum food of hyperpietic;Institute Isoflavone-containing vegetalitas oestrogen-like hormone, can postpone female cell aging, skin is kept elasticity, beauty treatment, breast augmentation, reduction sclerotin Lose, facilitate ostosis, reducing blood lipid, mitigate female dimacteric syndrome shape etc., also have the propagation for preventing cancer cell, promote cancer thin The dead effect of born of the same parents;Trace element chromium, plays an important role in the glycometabolism of body and fat metabolism, has to diabetes Control, reduction blood glucose, the effect for preventing and slowing down diabetic complication, while promoting cholesterol generation with polyunsaturated fatty acid Thank, prevent lipid from, in liver and arterial wall deposition, reduction coagulating platelets ability, preventing thrombosis, preventing injury of blood vessel face Inflammatory reaction, have good protective effect to blood vessel, effectively can prevent and slow down diabetic complication.Consider product Chick-pea is preferably 5~20 parts in effect, coarse grain food of the invention, more preferably 8~12 parts.
Kidney bean:A kind of rare high potassium, Gao Mei, low-sodium diet, are adapted to heart disease, artery sclerosis, high fat of blood, hypokalemia With avoid salt edible for patients.It is sweet that kidney bean contains soap, the unique component such as uremic enzyme and a variety of globulin, with improving exempting from for human body itself Epidemic disease ability, strengthens resistance against diseases, activates T lymphocytes, promotes the functions such as the synthesis of DNA, suppresses tumour cell Development.It is preferably 1~10 part, more preferably 2~5 to consider kidney bean in products taste and effect, coarse grain food of the invention Part.
Red bean:Heat is low, rich in the composition such as vitamin E (VE) and potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, selenium, iron, is typical high potassium food Thing, has effects that clearing heat and detoxicating, invigorating spleen and reinforcing stomach, inducing diuresis to remove edema, relieving restlessness of ventilating, lactogenesis of enriching blood.Consider product efficacy, this Red bean is preferably 1~10 part in the coarse grain food of invention, more preferably 2~5 parts.
Sorghum:There is tonifying Qi, invigorating the spleen, nourishing the stomach, antidiarrheal, disperse accumulations, only middle benefit gas, cholera.Contained dietary fiber can Improve digestive system, increase intestines peristalsis, contribute to Constipation and promote to digest;Micro- iron ion content is higher.It is comprehensive Close and consider that sorghum is preferably 0.5~10 part in products taste and effect, coarse grain food of the invention, more preferably 1~5 part.
Black soya bean:Rich in 18 kinds of amino acid, wherein including eight kinds of amino acid needed by human;Contained unrighted acid tool There is high absorptivity, in addition to human body is met to fatty demand, the effect with cholesterol in reduction blood of human body.Cholesterol is The arch-criminal of many geriatric diseases, and black soya bean is free of cholesterol, containing only a kind of phytosterol, with suppression absorption of human body courage Sterol, reduce Blood Cholesterol effect, for the elderly, blood vessel, skin care anti-aging can be softened, particularly pair The geriatric diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, liver, artery sclerosis are very beneficial.Lecithin in black soya bean, energy brain tonic and intelligence development, prevents Only brain is blunt because of aging.Black soya bean contains abundant trace element, such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, molybdenum, selenium, fluorine, these Element can meet the demand of brain and delay brain body aging, can reduce blood viscosity, keep body function complete.In black soya bean Coarse-fibred content is up to 4 percent, and many more than soya bean, crude fibre has good defecating feces excretion, and constipation is person in middle and old age The problem of people is universal.Black soya bean contains abundant vitamin, wherein VEWith B family vitamin content highest, VEContent it is higher than meat by 5 ~7 times.While VEIt is also a kind of antioxidant, interior free yl can be removed, reduces wrinkle of skin, retain youth fitness.Black soya bean The anthocyanidin that skin contains, is a kind of good antioxidant source, can remove interior free yl, antioxidant effect is good.And it is good Antioxidant effect, it is possible to reduce the oxidation of blood vessel, keep blood vessel elastic beautifying face and moistering lotion, reduce arteriosclerosis shape Into the generation of prevention of cardiovascular disease.Considering black soya bean in products taste and effect, coarse grain food of the invention is preferably 0.5~5 part, more preferably 1~3 part.
Oat:Rich in protein and fat, wherein the whole essential amino acids needed containing human body, especially lysine contains Amount is high, and substantial amounts of linoleic acid is contained in fat, and digestibility is also high, with good reducing blood lipid and prevention of arterial atherosclerosis Effect.It is preferably 1~20 part, more preferably 2~5 to consider oat in products taste and effect, coarse grain food of the invention Part.
Corn:There are invigorating spleen and reinforcing stomach, clearing damp and promoting diuresis effect.Corn, which contains vitamin A (VA), VE and glutamic acid, anti-aging work With vitamin B1 (VB1), B2 (VB2), VB6 for being rich in etc. are to protection nerve conduction and gastrointestinal function, prevention athlete's foot, cardiac muscle It is scorching, safeguard that skin fitness is effective;Contained lysine, trace elements of selenium and abundant carrotene, its antioxidation are beneficial to pre- Preventing tumor and suppression carcinogenic substance;Corn oil contains a large amount of unrighted acids, can remove the cholesterol in blood, prevent artery hard Change;Abundant cellulose, can be wriggled with stimulating gastrointestinal, prevent constipation, promote the metabolism of cholesterol, accelerate the row of enterogenous endotoxin Go out.It is preferably 0.5~10 part, more preferably 1~5 to consider corn in products taste and effect, coarse grain food of the invention Part.
The present invention is by including chick-pea, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, the coarse grain powder of corn and Self- raising flour With the use of obtained coarse grain food, rationally, orthofunction covers the carbohydrate (Self- raising flour of needed by human body to food materials trophic structure There is provided), amino acid (protein), lipid, vitamin, mineral matter, dietary fiber, not only with nutrition it is balanced the characteristics of, simultaneously It can be truly realized the optimization of dietary structure with tonifying Qi, nourishing the stomach, invigorating the spleen, disperse accumulations, enhancing intestinal motive force, be well suited for the elderly's Physilogical characteristics.
The coarse grain food that the present invention is provided is that, through daily big healthy behavior, can be obviously improved body by health care with prevention Matter, raising immunity, and have actively to diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, constipation, hypertension, high fat of blood etc. Prevention and adjustment effect.
Preferably, the coarse grain food of the present invention is counted by weight also contains 5~30 parts of sesame, 5~40 parts of soft white sugar; Preferably 8~16 parts of sesame, 13~25 parts of soft white sugar.Containing abundant vitamin E in sesame, lipid peroxidation confrontation skin can be prevented The harm of skin, offsets or neutralizes the accumulation of intracellular harmful substance free radical, whitening skin can be made to moisten, and can prevent various skins Skin inflammation;Sesame also has effects that blood-nourishing, can treat xerosis cutis, it is coarse, make that skin is moist, ruddy gloss.This Appropriate sesame is added in the coarse grain food of invention can be more conducive to reduce blood pressure and triglyceride.In the coarse grain food of the present invention Adding a small amount of soft white sugar then contributes to lift mouthfeel.
The edible oil is preferably but not limited to one or more in peanut oil, sunflower oil or maize germ oil.The food With the combination of the typical but non-limiting combination of oil for example, peanut oil and sunflower oil, the group of sunflower oil and maize germ oil Close, the combination of peanut oil, sunflower oil and maize germ oil.
Food of the present invention can be one or more in biscuit, steamed bun, noodles, cake, moon cake etc., but not limit In this, preferably biscuit.In the case of suitably change technique, this product form can also be changed into any other suitable Form.One or more in spices, pigment, natural extract active composition etc. can also be added in the formula of the present invention.
In addition, according to the general knowledge of this area, when using dusty yeast, if yeast-bitten or other desired feelings Appropriate soda ash can also be added under condition.The amount for adding soda ash can be that those skilled in the art can be fitted according to actual needs Work as adjustment.
Therefore, all based on spirit of the invention, any further extensions or improvement, belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.
Another object of the present invention also resides in the processing method for providing coarse grain food of the present invention, including following step Suddenly:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Chick-pea, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn are taken, powdery is worn into, sieved, Obtain coarse grain powder;
(2) food is prepared:Take Self- raising flour, optional sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and/or dusty yeast and step (1) Described coarse grain powder, is mixed to get raw-food material powder, and water and optional edible oil are added in the raw-food material powder, and mixing is equal The coarse grain food is made after even.
In order that the mouthfeel that food must be made is moderate, sieving was preferably 50-100 mesh sieves described in step (1), was, for example, 60 mesh, 70 mesh, 80 mesh, 90 mesh etc., more preferably 60 mesh sieves.
If making the food that steamed bun, biscuit, cake etc. need to ferment, fermentation process is needed, in order that must be made The temperature of the neither too hard, nor too soft fermentation of mouthfeel of food can be 25~40 DEG C, for example, 27 DEG C, 30 DEG C, 33 DEG C, 36 DEG C, 39 DEG C etc., The time of the fermentation can be 0.5~1.5h, for example, 0.7h, 0.9h, 1.1h, 1.3h, 1.45h etc..
When obtained food is biscuit, cake etc., the cookie of extrusion forming can be heart-shaped, circular, square or small Bear son shape in one or more.
Generally, water used can be normal-temperature water in step (2) of the present invention.For steamed bun, Biscuits needs work of fermenting The food of skill, in order to help preferably to ferment, preferably, water used in step (2) can be 35 DEG C or so of water.
Make when food is biscuit in order that the mouthfeel that biscuit must be made is neither too hard, nor too soft, the temperature of baking is 125~180 DEG C, for example, 128 DEG C, 130 DEG C, 133 DEG C, 135 DEG C, 140 DEG C, 145 DEG C, 150 DEG C, 155 DEG C, 160 DEG C, 165 DEG C, 170 DEG C, 175 DEG C etc., the time of baking is 5~25min, for example, 7min, 9min, 13min, 17min, 21min, 24min etc..Baking can Carried out in electric oven.
The suitable the elderly of the coarse grain food of the present invention is edible, with strengthening spleen and nourishing stomach, promotes gastrointestinal motility, prevention glycosuria The effects such as sick, anti-oxidant, reducing blood lipid, prevention cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, anti-aging, fat-reducing, raising immunity.
Embodiment
For the problems of the prior art, with reference to " herbal cuisine " history that China is long, have the invention provides one kind strong Spleen nourishing the stomach, promotion gastrointestinal motility, prevention diabetes, anti-oxidant, reducing blood lipid, prevention of cardiovascular disease, anti-aging, fat-reducing, raising The effect such as immunity, the five cereals coarse grain food for being suitable for the edible salt-free low sugar of the elderly, its economy and portability will Health-care action is set quietly to be carried out in day-to-day, " dietotherapy " of Leisure orchards.
The coarse grain food that the present invention is provided is counted including following raw material by weight:15~50 parts of coarse grain powder, Self- raising flour 0.3~2.0 part of 90~250 parts, 20~80 parts optional of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or dusty yeast;The coarse grain powder is pressed Parts by weight meter is made up of following raw material:5~20 parts of chick-pea, 1~10 part of kidney bean, 1~10 part of red bean, 0.5~10 part of sorghum, 0.5~5 part of black soya bean, 1~10 part of oat, 0.5~10 part of corn.
In certain embodiments, the coarse grain food that the present invention is provided is counted including following raw material by weight:Coarse grain powder 25 ~35 parts, 108~210 parts of Self- raising flour, optional 30~60 parts of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or dusty yeast 0.6~ 1.2 part;The coarse grain powder is counted by weight to be made up of following raw material:8~12 parts of chick-pea, 2~5 parts of kidney bean, red bean 2~5 Part, 1~5 part of sorghum, 1~3 part of black soya bean, 2~5 parts of oat, 1~5 part of corn.
The coarse grain food of the present invention is counted by weight preferably also contains 5~30 parts of sesame, 5~40 parts of soft white sugar;It is preferred that For 8~16 parts of sesame, 13~25 parts of soft white sugar.
In certain embodiments, when food is the situations of like product such as biscuit, cake as described, it is thick that the present invention is provided Grain product are counted including following raw material by weight:15~50 parts of coarse grain powder, 90~250 parts of Self- raising flour, edible oil 20~80 Part, yeast powder and/or 0.3~2.0 part of dusty yeast, 5~30 parts of sesame, 5~40 parts of soft white sugar;The coarse grain powder is by weight Meter is made up of following raw material:5~20 parts of chick-pea, 1~10 part of kidney bean, 1~10 part of red bean, 0.5~10 part of sorghum, black soya bean 0.5 ~5 parts, 1~10 part of oat, 0.5~10 part of corn.
In certain embodiments, when food is the situations of like product such as biscuit, cake as described, it is thick that the present invention is provided Grain product are counted including following raw material by weight:25~35 parts of coarse grain powder, 108~210 parts of Self- raising flour, edible oil 30~60 Part, yeast powder and/or 0.6~1.2 part of dusty yeast, 8~16 parts of sesame, 13~25 parts of soft white sugar;The coarse grain powder is by weight Number meter is made up of following raw material:8~12 parts of chick-pea, 2~5 parts of kidney bean, 2~5 parts of red bean, 1~5 part of sorghum, 1~3 part of black soya bean, 2~5 parts of oat, 1~5 part of corn.
When the food is the situations of like product such as biscuit, cake, coarse grain food of the invention is counted excellent by weight Choosing is made up of following raw material:25~35 parts of coarse grain powder, 108~210 parts of Self- raising flour, 30~60 parts of edible oil, yeast powder and/or Dusty yeast 0.6~1.2,8~16 parts of sesame, 13~25 parts of soft white sugar;The coarse grain powder is counted by following raw material group by weight Into:8~12 parts of chick-pea, 2~5 parts of kidney bean, 2~5 parts of red bean, 1~5 part of sorghum, 1~3 part of black soya bean, 2~5 parts of oat, corn 1 ~5 parts.The coarse grain food of above-mentioned composition both have strengthening spleen and nourishing stomach, promote gastrointestinal motility, prevention diabetes, anti-oxidant, reducing blood lipid, Prevent the effects such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, anti-aging, fat-reducing, raising immunity, but also with good mouthfeel.
In coarse grain food the ratio of coarse grain powder it is too low be unfavorable for reaching promotion gastrointestinal motility, it is prevention diabetes, reducing blood lipid, pre- Anti- cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, anti-aging, fat-reducing etc. are acted on;The ratio of coarse grain powder is too high, influences mouthfeel.Therefore, coarse food grain of the invention The mass ratio of coarse grain powder and Self- raising flour is preferably 1 in food:2~10, such as 1:3、1:5、1:8、1:9.5 and above-mentioned number Specific point value between value, as space is limited and for concise consideration, the present invention tool that no longer scope described in exclusive list includes Body point value, aforementioned proportion is more preferably 1:4~7, coarse grain powder and Self- raising flour ratio within the above range when be made food food With better.
Some materials commonly used in the art can also be optionally added into as needed in the coarse grain food of the present invention, it is such as fragrant The auxiliary materials such as material, food coloring.
Present invention also offers the processing method of described coarse grain food, comprise the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Chick-pea, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn are taken, powdery is worn into, sieved, Obtain coarse grain powder;
(2) coarse grain food is prepared:Take Self- raising flour, optional sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and/or dusty yeast and step Suddenly the coarse grain powder described in (1), well mixed to obtain raw-food material powder, and water and optional are added in the raw-food material powder and is eaten Oil, is well mixed after fermentation, makes the coarse grain food.
When in the case that food being biscuit, cake class product as described, processing method may include following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Chick-pea, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn are taken, powdery is worn into, sieved, Obtain coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Take Self- raising flour, yeast powder, optional sesame, optional soft white sugar and step (1) Described coarse grain powder, it is well mixed to obtain biscuit raw materials powder, edible oil and water are added in the biscuit raw materials powder, is well mixed After fermentation, is then made cookie;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is inserted to bakee in preheated baking box and produced Coarse grain biscuit.
In order that the mouthfeel thickness that biscuit must be made is moderate, sieving was preferably 50-100 mesh sieves described in step (1), more It is preferred that 60 mesh sieves.
In order that the mouthfeel that biscuit must be made is neither too hard, nor too soft, the temperature fermented described in step (2) is 25~40 DEG C, described The time of fermentation is 0.5~1.5h, and the cookie of the extrusion forming can be in the young shape of heart-shaped, circular, square or Little Bear One or more.
In order that the mouthfeel that biscuit must be made is neither too hard, nor too soft, the temperature bakeed described in step (3) is 125~180 DEG C, institute The time for stating baking is 5~25min.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further described, and illustrated embodiment is in order to invention is better described Content, but be not that the present invention is only limited to illustrated embodiment, so those skilled in the art are understood without departing from this hair In the case of bright thought or substantive characteristics, suitable modifications can be carried out to proportioning, operating condition of raw material etc., it is therefore contemplated that existing Some open embodiments are in all respects to be illustrative, rather than limitation.
Although specific examples below is only by taking biscuit as an example, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that suitably changing In the case of technique, this product form can be changed into other forms, steamed bun, noodles, cake, moon cake are such as changed into by biscuit Etc. form;Also the compositions such as spices, pigment, extract active component or in formula are added.
Embodiment 1
A kind of coarse grain biscuit, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Coarse grain powder 35g, Self- raising flour 175g, peanut oil 52g, yeast powder 0.9g, sesame 13g, soft white sugar 17.5g;Coarse grain powder is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Chick-pea 12g, Kidney bean 5g, red bean 5g, sorghum 2g, black soya bean 3g, oat 5g, corn 3g.
Using following processing method, comprise the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Take the chick-pea of formula ratio, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn, grinds Shape, crosses 60 mesh sieves, obtains coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Self- raising flour, sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and the coarse grain powder of formula ratio are taken, is mixed Biscuit raw materials powder uniformly is obtained, the peanut oil and 60ml temperature that formula ratio is added in biscuit raw materials powder are 35 DEG C of water, mixing After uniform, ferment 55min at 35 DEG C, and rear roller is ground into sheet, is squeezed into heart with mould, obtains cookie;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is positioned in electric oven, dried at 180 DEG C 5min is roasted, coarse grain biscuit is produced.
Embodiment 2
A kind of coarse grain biscuit, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Coarse grain powder 25g, Self- raising flour 119g, sunflower oil 34g, yeast powder 0.7g, sesame 8g, soft white sugar 13g;Coarse grain powder is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Chick-pea 8g, kidney bean 2g, red bean 2g, sorghum 1g, black soya bean 1g, oat 2g, corn 1g.
A kind of processing method of coarse grain biscuit, comprises the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Take the chick-pea of formula ratio, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn, grinds Shape, crosses 60 mesh sieves, obtains coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Self- raising flour, sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and the coarse grain powder of formula ratio are taken, is mixed Biscuit raw materials powder uniformly is obtained, the sunflower oil and 40ml temperature that formula ratio is added in biscuit raw materials powder are 35 DEG C of water, are mixed After closing uniformly, ferment 90min at 25 DEG C, and rear roller is ground into sheet, extrudes squarely with mould, obtains cookie;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is positioned in electric oven, dried at 145 DEG C 15min is roasted, coarse grain biscuit is produced.
Embodiment 3
A kind of coarse grain biscuit, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Coarse grain powder 35g, Self- raising flour 108g, maize germ Oily 31g, yeast powder 0.6g, sesame 8g, soft white sugar 13g;Coarse grain powder is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Chick-pea 10g, rue Beans 3g, red bean 3g, sorghum 3g, black soya bean 2g, oat 3g, corn 3g.
A kind of processing method of coarse grain biscuit, comprises the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Take the chick-pea of formula ratio, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn, grinds Shape, crosses 60 mesh sieves, obtains coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Self- raising flour, sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and the coarse grain powder of formula ratio are taken, is mixed Biscuit raw materials powder uniformly is obtained, the maize germ oil and 37ml temperature that formula ratio is added in biscuit raw materials powder are 35 DEG C of water, After well mixed, ferment 30min at 40 DEG C, and rear roller is ground into sheet, is squeezed into circle with mould, obtains cookie;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is positioned in electric oven, dried at 165 DEG C 10min is roasted, coarse grain biscuit is produced.
Embodiment 4
A kind of coarse grain biscuit, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Coarse grain powder 35g, Self- raising flour 210g, peanut oil 60g, yeast powder 1.2g, sesame 16g, soft white sugar 25g;Coarse grain powder is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Chick-pea 8g, kidney bean 4g, red bean 5g, sorghum 5g, black soya bean 3g, oat 5g, corn 5g.
A kind of processing method of coarse grain biscuit, comprises the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Take the chick-pea of formula ratio, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn, grinds Shape, crosses 60 mesh sieves, obtains coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Self- raising flour, sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and the coarse grain powder of formula ratio are taken, is mixed Biscuit raw materials powder uniformly is obtained, the peanut oil and 70ml temperature that formula ratio is added in biscuit raw materials powder are 35 DEG C of water, mixing After uniform, fermented 90min at 30 DEG C, and rear roller is ground into sheet, and the young shape of Little Bear is squeezed into mould, cookie is obtained;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is positioned in electric oven, dried at 125 DEG C 25min is roasted, coarse grain biscuit is produced.
Embodiment 5
A kind of coarse grain biscuit, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Coarse grain powder 15g, Self- raising flour 90g, peanut oil 20g, dusty yeast 0.3g, sesame 5g, soft white sugar 5g;Coarse grain powder is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Chick-pea 5g, kidney bean 2g, red bean 2g, sorghum 1g, black soya bean 1g, oat 2g, corn 2g.
A kind of processing method of coarse grain biscuit, comprises the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Take the chick-pea of formula ratio, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn, grinds Shape, crosses 50 mesh sieves, obtains coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Self- raising flour, sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and the coarse grain powder of formula ratio are taken, is mixed Biscuit raw materials powder uniformly is obtained, the peanut oil and 40ml temperature that formula ratio is added in biscuit raw materials powder are 35 DEG C of water, mixing After uniform, fermented 90min at 30 DEG C, and rear roller is ground into sheet, and the young shape of Little Bear is squeezed into mould, cookie is obtained;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is positioned in electric oven, dried at 150 DEG C 10min is roasted, coarse grain biscuit is produced.
Embodiment 6
A kind of coarse grain biscuit, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Coarse grain powder 50g, Self- raising flour 250g, peanut oil 80g, soda ash 2.0g, sesame 30g, soft white sugar 40g;Coarse grain powder is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Chick-pea 20g, kidney bean 2g, red bean 2g, sorghum 10g, black soya bean 5g, oat 1g, corn 10g.
A kind of processing method of coarse grain biscuit, comprises the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Take the chick-pea of formula ratio, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn, grinds Shape, crosses 100 mesh sieves, obtains coarse grain powder;
(2) cookie is prepared:Self- raising flour, sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and the coarse grain powder of formula ratio are taken, is mixed Biscuit raw materials powder uniformly is obtained, the peanut oil and 80ml temperature that formula ratio is added in biscuit raw materials powder are 35 DEG C of water, mixing After uniform, fermented 90min at 30 DEG C, and rear roller is ground into sheet, and the young shape of Little Bear is squeezed into mould, cookie is obtained;
(3) cookie is bakeed:The cookie prepared in step (2) is positioned in electric oven, dried at 150 DEG C 10min is roasted, coarse grain biscuit is produced.
The coarse grain biscuit that Example 1 is produced, it is edible for 10 45 years old to 75 years old the elderly.Daily amount For 50g.Use time is 60 days.
(1) pressure value before and after 10 the elderly eat the coarse grain biscuit that embodiment 1 is produced is measured as shown in table 1 below:
Table 1
(2) blood fat value before and after 10 the elderly eat the coarse grain biscuit that embodiment 1 is produced is measured as shown in table 2 below:
Table 2
Through research, after coarse grain biscuit the elderly is edible made from embodiment 2-6, the phase of the effect reached and embodiment 1 When.And have been observed that, after middle-aged and old edible obtained biscuits of the present invention, face is substantially unfolded, and is come out gradually ruddy, and before eating Have puffiness of face phenomenon also be improved significantly.
From the embodiments above as can be seen that the proportioning between coarse grain powder of the present invention and Self- raising flour is suitable, pass through each component Between synergistic function, make final obtained coarse grain biscuit that there is good strengthening spleen and nourishing stomach, promote stomach motion, drop blood Pressure, the resultant effect of lipid-loweringing.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of coarse grain food, it is characterised in that meter includes following raw material by weight:15~50 parts of coarse grain powder, low muscle face 0.3~2.0 part of 90~250 parts of powder, 20~80 parts optional of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or dusty yeast;
The coarse grain powder is counted by weight to be made up of following raw material:5~20 parts of chick-pea, 1~10 part of kidney bean, red bean 1~10 Part, 0.5~10 part of sorghum, 0.5~5 part of black soya bean, 1~10 part of oat, 0.5~10 part of corn.
2. coarse grain food according to claim 1, it is characterised in that meter includes following raw material by weight:Coarse grain powder 25~35 parts, 108~210 parts of Self- raising flour, optional 30~60 parts of edible oil, optional yeast powder and/or dusty yeast 0.6~ 1.2 part;
The coarse grain powder is counted by weight to be made up of following raw material:8~12 parts of chick-pea, 2~5 parts of kidney bean, 2~5 parts of red bean, 1~5 part of sorghum, 1~3 part of black soya bean, 2~5 parts of oat, 1~5 part of corn.
3. coarse grain food according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that count also contain sesame 5~30 by weight Part, 5~40 parts of soft white sugar.
4. coarse grain food according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that count also contain sesame 8~16 by weight Part, 13~25 parts of soft white sugar.
5. the coarse grain food according to claim any one of 1-4, it is characterised in that the edible oil is peanut oil, sunflower Seed oil or maize germ oil in one or more.
6. coarse grain food according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the food is biscuit, steamed bun, noodles, cake Or one or more in moon cake.
7. the processing method of the coarse grain food described in claim any one of 1-6, comprises the following steps:
(1) making of coarse grain powder:Chick-pea, kidney bean, red bean, sorghum, black soya bean, oat, corn are taken, powdery is worn into, sieves, obtains Coarse grain powder;
(2) food is prepared:Take Self- raising flour, optional sesame, soft white sugar, yeast powder and/or dusty yeast and step (1) it is described Coarse grain powder, be mixed to get raw-food material powder, water and optional edible oil added in the raw-food material powder, be well mixed system Make the coarse grain food.
8. processing method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that sieving was 50-100 mesh sieves described in step (1), It is preferred that 60 mesh sieves.
CN201710320322.8A 2017-05-09 2017-05-09 A kind of coarse grain food and its processing method Pending CN107156618A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108606029A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-02 洛阳师范学院 A kind of coarse grain biscuit and preparation method thereof with anti-fatigue effect

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CN102018167A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-04-20 黑龙江北大荒丰威食品有限公司 Coarse cereal noodles and preparation method thereof
CN103004918A (en) * 2011-09-23 2013-04-03 黄素瑛 Biscuit made of coarse grain
CN104542870A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-04-29 新疆天山奇豆生物科技有限责任公司 Chickpea flaky pastry
CN105211213A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-06 刘书元 A kind of health-caring biscuit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102018167A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-04-20 黑龙江北大荒丰威食品有限公司 Coarse cereal noodles and preparation method thereof
CN103004918A (en) * 2011-09-23 2013-04-03 黄素瑛 Biscuit made of coarse grain
CN104542870A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-04-29 新疆天山奇豆生物科技有限责任公司 Chickpea flaky pastry
CN105211213A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-06 刘书元 A kind of health-caring biscuit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108606029A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-10-02 洛阳师范学院 A kind of coarse grain biscuit and preparation method thereof with anti-fatigue effect

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