CN107155758A - A kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential - Google Patents

A kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107155758A
CN107155758A CN201710334299.8A CN201710334299A CN107155758A CN 107155758 A CN107155758 A CN 107155758A CN 201710334299 A CN201710334299 A CN 201710334299A CN 107155758 A CN107155758 A CN 107155758A
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China
Prior art keywords
survival rate
hall crabapple
crabapple flower
soil
fertilizer
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CN201710334299.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方敏彦
章明
汪善峰
刘进华
杨鹤同
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Priority to CN201710334299.8A priority Critical patent/CN107155758A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture.Method of the invention is particularly suitable for south China area of heavy rainfull, the survival rate and growth potential of hall crabapple flower are improved by planting Korea lawn grass.Result Fuse is planted under cherry-apple tree, the easily flooded problem of soil ponding can be effectively improved, while fertilizing soil, can significantly improve Malus spectabilis survival rate and growth gesture.Meanwhile, Korea lawn grass it is bottle-green to set off lower Chinese flowering crabapple more bright and beautiful, overall landscape effect can be lifted.

Description

A kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential
Technical field
The invention belongs to the field of planting of hall crabapple flower, and in particular to a kind of raising hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential The method that method, more particularly to south China area of heavy rainfull plantation Korea lawn grass improve hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture.
Background technology
Hall crabapple flower is rose family pears subfamily Malus defoliation small arbor, and bennet is elongated sagging, and shaking slightly in many carriages, bud is handsome It is red, spend that numerous color is gorgeous, the florescence is long, is excellent ornamental plantation seeds, and annidation is stronger, like warm, resist cold, happiness sun is slightly resistance to The moon, it is more drought-enduring, not strict, resistance to low level management is required to soil, it is in afforestation to have application more.
The plant of south China area gradually increases in recent years, but hall crabapple flower avoids waterlogging, by flood easily rotten, southern open country Plant, because of rainy season frequently, rainfall is big, and kind shoot survival percent is low, and a small amount of seedling early growth potential difference survived, it has also become it is in south Serious problems in the afforestation application of area of heavy rainfull.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of raising hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential Method, improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture specifically for south China area of heavy rainfull plantation Korea lawn grass and provide has efficacious prescriptions Method.
Technical scheme:In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:One kind improves hall crabapple flower The method of survival rate and growth gesture, comprises the following steps:
1) turn over:Whole soil regions outside hall crabapple flower tree pond are turned over, ploughed depth 15-30cm;
2) clear up:Cleared up after turning over, mainly there is debris and weeds cleaning;
3) processing of smooth and landform:Smooth, tried one's best in operation soil block in small, broken bits, smooth earth's surface are carried out to soil, is ensured simultaneously Native table has 2-5 ‰ gradient;
4) basal dressing:Base manure can apply one or both of inorganic fertilizer or organic fertilizer;
5) Korea lawn grass is planted:After Mmalus prunifolia plant, grass is planted as early as possible, the plantation of Korea lawn grass can be numerous with seed propagation or trophosome Grow one kind in two ways;
6) water:Ensure to pour permeable in 7-10 after plantation, to ensure that 15~20cm ground moistenings are defined;
7) topdress:After germination then grows seedling and turns green every year, 50~60kg/hm is applied2Compound fertilizer.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 1) to turn over region be the area outside 30 × 30cm~50 × 50cm around hall crabapple flower tree trunk Domain.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 2) in debris cleaning be main that 15~30cm rocks of plowed soils, boulder, agricultural is dirty Dye and house refuse are removed.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 2) in weeds cleaning manually remove larger band root for 15~30cm soil horizons after turning over Weeds remain, afterwards with efficient, low toxicity, go out natural disposition absorbability or the spectrum herbicide chemistry that the longevity of residure is short, pedo relict is few Medicament kills weeds.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 4) in organic fertilizer be by the compost that becomes thoroughly decomposed or barnyard manure that amount of application is 35 as base manure~ 40t/hm2, when it is base manure to discharge organic fertilizer, then apply a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, such as Diammonium phosphate (DAP) or composite fertilizer, sowing amount For 20~30g/m2
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 4) in inorganic fertilizer be mixed fertilizer or composite fertilizer, every square metre is applied 5~10g ammonium sulfate, 30g mistakes Calcium phosphate, the mixed fertilizer of 15g potassium sulfates make base manure.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 5) in Korea lawn grass be Zoysia sinica, manilagrass and it is blue draw in III Korea lawn grass one Plant or several.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 5) the seed propagation time be 4 months at the beginning of-by the end of October, application rate is 8-14g/m2
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 5) the vegetative reproduction time is at the beginning of 4 months-by the end of October, full laid process laying lawn.
Wherein, above-mentioned steps 7) nitrogen in compound fertilizer, phosphorus, the ratio of potassium be 2:1:1~3:1:1.
The method of the present invention includes but are not limited to improve vertical by planting Korea lawn grass for south China area of heavy rainfull Silk Malus spectabilis survival rate and growth gesture, other areas can also carry out improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture using this method.
Beneficial effect:The present invention possesses following advantage relative to prior art:The Result Fuse of the present invention is grass The perennial herb of section's india lovegrass subfamily.Because it has extensive soil suitability, stronger resistance, resistance to low level management and longevity Life is long (many decades), and energy consumption and management cost are extremely low, belongs to energy saving and environment friendly herbaceous plant.Zoysia is planted under cherry-apple tree to plant Thing, can be effectively improved the easily flooded problem of soil ponding, while fertilizing soil, can significantly improve Malus spectabilis survival rate and growth gesture.Meanwhile, Korea lawn grass it is bottle-green to set off lower Chinese flowering crabapple more bright and beautiful, overall landscape effect can be lifted.
Brief description of the drawings
The influence of each soil temperature after Fig. 1 natural grasses and plantation Korea lawn grass;
Influence after Fig. 2 natural grasses and plantation Korea lawn grass to earth organic matter;
Influence after Fig. 3 natural grasses and plantation Korea lawn grass to soil pH value;
Influence after Fig. 4 natural grasses and plantation Korea lawn grass to soil nitrogen concentrations;
Influence after Fig. 5 natural grasses and plantation Korea lawn grass to soil phosphorus content;
Influence after Fig. 6 natural grasses and plantation Korea lawn grass to soil potassium content.
Embodiment
According to following embodiments, the present invention may be better understood.However, as it will be easily appreciated by one skilled in the art that real Apply the content described by example and be merely to illustrate the present invention, without should be also without limitation on sheet described in detail in claims Invention.
Embodiment 1:The method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture
1) turn over
Whole soil regions outside hall crabapple flower tree pond (around tree trunk outside 30 × 30cm) are turned over, ploughed depth 15cm。
2) clear up
Cleared up after turning over, mainly there is debris and weeds cleaning.
Debris is cleared up:Mainly by the 15cm rocks of plowed soils, boulder, agricultural pollution and house refuse (agricultural film, modeling The plastic products such as strand foam, fertilizer bag) etc. remove.
Weeds are cleared up:15cm soil horizons after turning over manually remove the weeds residual of larger band root, afterwards with efficient, low Poison, the longevity of residure is short, pedo relict is few goes out natural disposition absorbability or spectrum herbicide chemical agent kills weeds, and chemical agent is Glyphosate, is prevented and kill off according to routine techniques, and spring plants if spring is turned over, cleared up, after chemical agent 5-7 days Carry out Korea lawn grass sowing or laying lawn, the influence that reduction medicament germinates or grown to Korea lawn grass.If autumn is turned over, cleared up Then treat that spring next year carries out Korea lawn grass plantation.
3) processing of smooth and landform
Smooth, tried one's best in operation soil block in small, broken bits, smooth earth's surface are carried out to soil afterwards, while ensureing that native table has 2-5's ‰ The gradient, is easy to natural drainage, and common tool is rake (short spike-tooth harrow), many spike-tooth harrows etc..
4) basal dressing
Base manure can apply inorganic fertilizer or organic fertilizer.
Organic fertilizer:It can apply by compost or barnyard manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed etc. as base manure, amount of application is generally 35t/hm2. When discharging organic fertilizer for base manure, then a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, such as Diammonium phosphate (DAP), composite fertilizer are applied, sowing amount is about 20g/ m2
5) Korea lawn grass is planted
After Mmalus prunifolia plant, grass is planted as early as possible, and selection Zoysia sinica is planted.
The plantation of Korea lawn grass can use seed propagation.
Seed propagation:At the beginning of 4 months-October is low, application rate:8g/m2
6) water
Ensure to pour permeable in 7-10 after plantation, to ensure that 15~20cm ground moistenings are defined.
7) topdress
After germination then grows seedling and turns green every year, 50kg/hm is applied2Compound fertilizer nitrogen, phosphorus, the ratio of potassium Example is 2:1:1.
Hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent in the present embodiment is 99.1%, the average plant height 165.2cm of hall crabapple flower, even crown diameter For 64.3cm.
Embodiment 2:The method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture
1) turn over
Whole soil regions outside hall crabapple flower tree pond (around tree trunk outside 50 × 50cm) are turned over, ploughed depth 30cm。
2) clear up
Cleared up after turning over, mainly there is debris and weeds cleaning.
Debris is cleared up:Mainly by the 30cm rocks of plowed soils, boulder, agricultural pollution and house refuse (agricultural film, modeling The plastic products such as strand foam, fertilizer bag) etc. remove.
Weeds are cleared up:30cm soil horizons after turning over manually remove the weeds residual of larger band root, afterwards with efficient, low Poison, the longevity of residure is short, pedo relict is few goes out natural disposition absorbability or spectrum herbicide chemical agent kills weeds, and chemical agent is Paraquat, is prevented and kill off according to routine techniques, and spring plants if spring is turned over, cleared up, after chemical agent 5-7 days Carry out Korea lawn grass sowing or laying lawn, the influence that reduction medicament germinates or grown to Korea lawn grass.If autumn is turned over, cleared up Then treat that spring next year carries out Korea lawn grass plantation.
3) processing of smooth and landform
Smooth, tried one's best in operation soil block in small, broken bits, smooth earth's surface are carried out to soil afterwards, while ensureing that native table has 2-5's ‰ The gradient, is easy to natural drainage, and common tool is rake (short spike-tooth harrow), many spike-tooth harrows etc..
4) basal dressing
Base manure can apply inorganic fertilizer or organic fertilizer.
Organic fertilizer:It can apply by compost or barnyard manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed etc. as base manure, amount of application is generally 40t/hm2. When discharging organic fertilizer for base manure, then a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, such as Diammonium phosphate (DAP), composite fertilizer are applied, sowing amount is about 30g/ m2
5) Korea lawn grass is planted
After Mmalus prunifolia plant, grass is planted as early as possible, and selection manilagrass is planted.
The plantation of Korea lawn grass can use vegetative reproduction.
Vegetative reproduction:At the beginning of 4 months-October is low, full laid process laying lawn.
6) water
Ensure to pour permeable in 7-10 after plantation, to ensure that 15~20cm ground moistenings are defined.
7) topdress
After germination then grows seedling and turns green every year, 60kg/hm is applied2Compound fertilizer, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium Ratio is 3:1:1.
The hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent of the present embodiment is 97.8%, the average plant height 165.2cm of hall crabapple flower, and even crown diameter is 64.2cm。
Embodiment 3
The method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture
1) turn over
Whole soil regions outside hall crabapple flower tree pond (around tree trunk outside 40 × 40cm) are turned over, ploughed depth 20cm。
2) clear up
Cleared up after turning over, mainly there is debris and weeds cleaning.
Debris is cleared up:Mainly by the 20cm rocks of plowed soils, boulder, agricultural pollution and house refuse (agricultural film, modeling The plastic products such as strand foam, fertilizer bag) etc. remove.
Weeds are cleared up:20cm soil horizons after turning over manually remove the weeds residual of larger band root, afterwards with efficient, low Poison, the longevity of residure is short, pedo relict is few goes out natural disposition absorbability or spectrum herbicide chemical agent kills weeds, and chemical agent is Glyphosate, is prevented and kill off according to routine techniques, and spring plants if spring is turned over, cleared up, after chemical agent 5-7 days Carry out Korea lawn grass sowing or laying lawn, the influence that reduction medicament germinates or grown to Korea lawn grass.If autumn is turned over, cleared up Then treat that spring next year carries out Korea lawn grass plantation.
3) processing of smooth and landform
Smooth, tried one's best in operation soil block in small, broken bits, smooth earth's surface are carried out to soil afterwards, while ensureing that native table has 2-5's ‰ The gradient, is easy to natural drainage, and common tool is rake (short spike-tooth harrow), many spike-tooth harrows etc..
4) basal dressing
Base manure can apply inorganic fertilizer or organic fertilizer.
Organic fertilizer:It can apply by compost or barnyard manure for becoming thoroughly decomposed etc. as base manure, amount of application is generally 37t/hm2. When discharging organic fertilizer for base manure, then a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, such as Diammonium phosphate (DAP), composite fertilizer are applied, sowing amount is about 25g/ m2
5) Korea lawn grass is planted
After Mmalus prunifolia plant, grass is planted as early as possible, and selection orchid draws III Korea lawn grass and planted.
The plantation of Korea lawn grass can use seed propagation.
Seed propagation:At the beginning of 4 months-by the end of October, application rate:14g/m2
6) water
Ensure to pour permeable in 7-10 after plantation, to ensure that 15~20cm ground moistenings are defined.
7) topdress
After germination then grows seedling and turns green every year, 55kg/hm is applied2Compound fertilizer, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium Ratio is 3:1:1.
The hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent of the present embodiment is 98.6%, the average plant height 165.4cm of hall crabapple flower, and even crown diameter is 64.5c。
Experimental example
1st, test method
Test site is located at Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry Nong Bo gardens, and Land leveling, soil fertility is medium
Experiment is averagely divided into two sections from south orientation north, by sample plot (12 mu), and identical 1 is transplanted respectively in May, 2013 Year life hall crabapple flower, spacing in the rows 4m × 5m.Natural precipitation is big then.Processing 1:Natural grass;Processing 2:Cover with weed, Quan Yuansheng Careless (Zoysia sinica) early June sowing, processing 2 is comprised the following steps that:
(1) in late May, 2013 progress is turned over, the Zone Full outside 40 × 40cm around tree root carries out soil and turned over Plough, ploughed depth is 20cm.
(2) cleaning is cleared up after turning over, remove the rock of plowed soils layer, boulder, agricultural pollution and house refuse ( The plastic products such as agricultural film, plastic foam, fertilizer bag) etc..Meanwhile, manually remove the weeds residual of larger band root, Zhi Houyong Glyphosate carries out weed control.
(3) processing of smooth and landform
Smooth, soil block in small, broken bits, smooth earth's surface are carried out to soil afterwards, keeps native table to have 3 ‰ gradient, is easy to nature to arrange Water, common tool is rake (short spike-tooth harrow), many spike-tooth harrows etc..
(4) basal dressing
Apply by the compost become thoroughly decomposed as base manure, amount of application is 40t/hm2.Applying Diammonium phosphate (DAP) sowing amount simultaneously is about 25g/m2
(5) Korea lawn grass is planted
In early June, 2013 sowing plantation Zoysia sinica, application rate is 10g/m2
(6) water
Permeable guarantee 15cm soil horizons moistening, continuous 7 days are poured after plantation daily.
(7) topdress
Germination applies 50kg/hm after two weeks2Compound fertilizer, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium ratio be 2:1:1.
2nd, project and method are determined
(1) hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent
In by the end of April, 2014, and observation hall crabapple flower seedling survives situation, counts survival rate.
(2) soil fertility is determined
In mid-June, 2014, field sampling, carried out soil physical and chemical property measure.
The soil moisture
The wherein soil moisture sets 3 depth measure, i.e., 0,20,40cm, each 3 repetitions of processing.
Soil nutrient and pH value
Nutrient determines soil and is derived from coating, if two depth of 0-20cm and 20-40cm fetch earth, and after soil sample processing, determines The soil organism, full N, effective P, active potassic and pH value, each 3 repetitions of processing.
(3) growth potential is determined
Plant height:The absolute altitude of plant is determined, the distance from ground to apical growing point is measured using steel tape.
Hat width:Plant north and south or the Breadth Maximum of east-west direction.
3rd, result
(1) hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent
Because current year precipitation amount is big, in late May-late August, multiple soil long-time seeping phenomenon is occurred in that, it is naturally raw Careless hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent is only 23.1%, due to the plantation of Zoysia sinica, effectively improves the ponding problem of soil horizon, Hall crabapple flower shoot survival percent is 99.3%.
(2) to the influence of soil fertility
The influence of 2.1 pairs of soil moistures
As shown in figure 1, each soil temperature has declined after plantation Korea lawn grass.Each soil temperature Korea lawn grass is significantly lower than nature Sward.
The influence of 2.2 pairs of soil organism
As shown in Fig. 2 having declined with each processing content of organic matter of increase of depth of soil, 0~20cm soil layers knot thread Grass processing soil organic matter content is apparently higher than natural grass, and significant difference (P<0.05).20~40cm Korea lawn grass processing soil The earth content of organic matter is slightly above natural grass, and difference is not obvious.
The influence of 2.3 pairs of soil pH values
As shown in figure 3, changes of pH is not obvious after plantation Korea lawn grass.
The influence of 2.4 pairs of soil N, P, K contents
As shown in figure 4, having declined with each processing nitrogen content of increase of depth of soil, at 0~20cm soil layer Korea lawn grass Soil nitrogen concentrations are managed apparently higher than natural grass, and significant difference (P<0.05).20~40cm Korea lawn grass handles soil nitrogen concentrations Slightly above natural grass.
As shown in figure 5, each soil layer Korea lawn grass handles soil nitrogen concentrations apparently higher than natural grass, and significant difference.
As shown in fig. 6, soil K concentration, the processing indifference of 0-20cm soil layers two, 20-40cm soil layers, Korea lawn grass processing is relatively certainly Right sward is slightly higher.
2.5 conclusion
Compared with natural grass, the soil moisture decreases after plantation Korea lawn grass, and the content of organic matter, N, P content have risen It is high.
(3) growth potential
Hall crabapple flower average plant height in natural grass region is 155cm, and hall crabapple flower average plant height in Korea lawn grass region is 167cm, natural grass region hall crabapple flower even crown diameter is 53cm, and Korea lawn grass region hall crabapple flower even crown diameter is 65cm.Kind The growth potential for planting hall crabapple flower seedling after Korea lawn grass is significantly improved.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1)Turn over:Whole soil regions outside hall crabapple flower tree pond are turned over, ploughed depth 15-30cm;
2)Cleaning:Cleared up after turning over, mainly there is debris and weeds cleaning;
3)The processing of smooth and landform:Smooth, tried one's best in operation soil block in small, broken bits, smooth earth's surface are carried out to soil, while ensureing native table There is 2-5 ‰ gradient;
4)Basal dressing:Base manure can apply one or both of inorganic fertilizer or organic fertilizer;
5)Korea lawn grass is planted:After Mmalus prunifolia plant, grass is planted as early as possible, and the plantation of Korea lawn grass can use seed propagation or vegetative reproduction two One kind in the mode of kind;
6)Water:Ensure to pour permeable in 7-10 after plantation, to ensure that 15~20cm ground moistenings are defined;
7)Topdress:After germination then grows seedling and turns green every year, 50 ~ 60 kg/hm are applied2Compound fertilizer.
2. according to claim 1 it is a kind of improve hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture method, it is characterised in that the step Rapid 1)It is the region outside 30 × 30 cm ~ 50 × 50cm around hall crabapple flower tree trunk to turn over region.
3. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 2)In debris cleaning 15 ~ 30cm rocks of plowed soils, boulder, agricultural pollution and house refuse are removed to be main.
4. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 2)The weeds residual of larger band root is manually removed in middle weeds cleaning for 15 ~ 30cm soil horizons after turning over, afterwards with height Effect, low toxicity, the longevity of residure is short, pedo relict is few go out natural disposition absorbability or spectrum herbicide chemical agent killing weeds.
5. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 4)Middle organic fertilizer is that, as base manure, amount of application is 35 ~ 40t/hm by the compost or barnyard manure become thoroughly decomposed2, discharging organic fertilizer During for base manure, then a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, such as Diammonium phosphate (DAP) or composite fertilizer are applied, sowing amount is 20 ~ 30g/ m2
6. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 4)Middle inorganic fertilizer is mixed fertilizer or composite fertilizer, and every square metre is applied 5~10g ammonium sulfate, 30g calcium superphosphate, 15g potassium sulfates Mixed fertilizer makees base manure.
7. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 5)In Korea lawn grass draw for Zoysia sinica, manilagrass and orchidOne or more in Korea lawn grass.
8. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 5)The seed propagation time be 4 months at the beginning of-by the end of October, application rate is 8-14g/m2
9. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step 5)The vegetative reproduction time is at the beginning of 4 months-by the end of October, full laid process laying lawn.
10. a kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth gesture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State step 7)The ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in compound fertilizer is 2:1:1~3:1:1.
CN201710334299.8A 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of method for improving hall crabapple flower survival rate and growth potential Pending CN107155758A (en)

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