CN107154460A - A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology - Google Patents

A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107154460A
CN107154460A CN201710246457.4A CN201710246457A CN107154460A CN 107154460 A CN107154460 A CN 107154460A CN 201710246457 A CN201710246457 A CN 201710246457A CN 107154460 A CN107154460 A CN 107154460A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar cell
perovskite
carbon
perovskite solar
fullerene
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710246457.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孟祥悦
周军帅
侯杰
陶霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Original Assignee
Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing University of Chemical Technology filed Critical Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Priority to CN201710246457.4A priority Critical patent/CN107154460A/en
Publication of CN107154460A publication Critical patent/CN107154460A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/0032Selection of organic semiconducting materials, e.g. organic light sensitive or organic light emitting materials
    • H01L51/0045Carbon containing materials, e.g. carbon nanotubes, fullerenes
    • H01L51/0046Fullerenes, e.g. C60, C70
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/0032Selection of organic semiconducting materials, e.g. organic light sensitive or organic light emitting materials
    • H01L51/0045Carbon containing materials, e.g. carbon nanotubes, fullerenes
    • H01L51/0048Carbon nanotubes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/0032Selection of organic semiconducting materials, e.g. organic light sensitive or organic light emitting materials
    • H01L51/0077Coordination compounds, e.g. porphyrin
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • H01L51/44Details of devices
    • H01L51/441Electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • H01L51/44Details of devices
    • H01L51/441Electrodes
    • H01L51/442Electrodes transparent electrodes, e.g. ITO, TCO
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/549Organic PV cells

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology.The perovskite solar battery structure includes the substrate stacked gradually, transparency electrode, fullerene or derivatives thereof, perovskite light-absorption layer and carbon electrode, wherein fullerene or derivatives thereof is as electron transfer layer, and perovskite light-absorption layer is made up of the photovoltaic material with perovskite structure.Preparation technology, which is included on substrate, is sequentially prepared transparency electrode, fullerene electron transfer layer, perovskite light-absorption layer and carbon electrode.The preparation technology of the present invention is simple to operate, with low cost, and the stability of battery is high, and the industrialized production of battery can be achieved.

Description

A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology, belong to solar battery technology neck Domain.
Background technology
With increasingly sharpening the problems such as energy crisis, environmental pollution, people are more next to the demand of novel renewable energy It is more notable.Regenerative resource includes solar energy, waterpower, wind-force, biomass energy, wave energy, tide energy, ocean thermal energy etc., its Middle solar energy because have the advantages that it is repeatable utilize, it is with low cost, received much concern not to the utmost with it.Can be with to the utilization of solar energy There are many approach, there is the heat energy directly using sunshine, such as conventional solar water heater also has solar energy being first converted to it Its energy is utilized again, and such as solar cell is that the luminous energy of sunshine is converted into electric energy to be utilized again.Extensively should at present Silicon solar cell is because cost of manufacture is higher, complex manufacturing, and its popularization and application is by a definite limitation.In recent years, It is a kind of to cause people's as all solid state perovskite solar cell of light absorbent based on organo-mineral complexing perovskite material Greatly concern, this kind of perovskite solar cell photoelectric conversion efficiency is up to 22.1%, and preparation technology is simple, processing cost It is low, have become the important research focus of photovoltaic art.
Conventional carbon based perovskite solar cell, as electron transfer layer, is adsorbed in titanium dioxide usually using titanium dioxide The water oxygen on surface can be oxidized to superoxide anion and hydroxyl free radical under illumination condition, and these oxides can promptly make Calcium titanium ore bed is decomposed so that conventional carbon based perovskite solar cell light durability is poor.In order to improve carbon-based calcium titanium Ore deposit solar cell light durability, the stable and efficient electron transfer layer of selection is aobvious applied to carbon-based perovskite solar cell Obtain particularly important.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to fullerene and its derivative are applied into the carbon-based perovskite sun as electron transfer layer Can battery to prepare complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell.
A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell, it is characterised in that including the substrate stacked gradually, transparency electrode, electricity Sub- transport layer, perovskite light-absorption layer and carbon electrode, perovskite light-absorption layer are made up of the photovoltaic material with perovskite structure, electricity Sub- transport layer is made up of fullerene or derivatives thereof, and thickness is 5-50nm.
Further, the constituent material of the substrate includes glass or flexiplast.
Further, described transparent electrode material includes indium tin oxide, fluorine tin-oxide, aluminium zinc oxide.
Further, described calcium titanium ore bed is ABX by chemical general formulamY(3-m)One or more material shapes of type crystal structure Into wherein A=CH3NH3、C4H9NH3、NH2=CHNH2;B=Pb, Sn;X, Y=Cl, Br, I;M is arbitrary value in 0 to 3.
Further, described carbon electrode is CNT or carbon pastes.
Further, the preparation of electron transfer layer uses vacuum evaporation system by fullerene C60WithSpeed steam It is plated on electro-conductive glass or electro-conductive glass is spun to using solution.
The invention has the advantages that:Fullerene and its derivative are applied to carbon by the present invention as electron transfer layer Based perovskite solar cell is to prepare complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell.Fullerene is the carbon after diamond, graphite The third allotrope.The unique three-dimensional conjugated structure of fullerene makes it have preferable characteristic electron and electron-transporting Matter, is the important electron transport material of a class.Fullerene surface not hydroxyl, with good stability.While fullerene Level structure and perovskite energy level comparison match, can form efficient electric transmission between perovskite and fullerene.With fowler CH can be effectively quenched as electron transfer layer in alkene or derivatives thereof3NH3PbI3Fluorescence, illustrate CH3NH3PbI3And fullerene Between have efficient charge transfer phenomenon.Meanwhile, carbon electrode is difficult to be oxidized corrosion, property for metal electrode It is stable.Therefore, the light of the complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell prepared with fullerene and its derivative as electron transfer layer is steady It is qualitative to greatly improve.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the perovskite solar cell device of embodiment 1 in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the I-V curve of perovskite solar cell prepared by the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 3 is air stability test result (humidity 55%, sky of the perovskite solar cell of different electron transfer layers Gas).
Fig. 4 is C60It is used as light stability test result (humidity 55%, sky of the perovskite solar cell of electron transfer layer Gas).
Embodiment
Experimental method used in following embodiments is conventional method unless otherwise specified.
Material, reagent used etc., unless otherwise specified, are commercially obtained in following embodiments.
Embodiment 1, fullerene are used as the integrated complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell device of electron transfer layer and its performance Characterize
Fig. 1 shows fullerene of the present invention as the integrated complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell device of electron transfer layer Part structure, including:Transparent conductive substrate, fullerene electron transfer layer, perovskite light-absorption layer, carbon electrode.Preparation process is as follows:
(1) cleaning of electro-conductive glass:Continuous twice of use deionized water, acetone, isopropanol are cleaned by ultrasonic 15 minutes and purple Outer ozone is handled 20 minutes.
(2) preparation of fullerene electron transfer layer:Using vacuum evaporation system 1 × 10-7By richness under Torr vacuum Strangle alkene C60WithSpeed evaporation on electro-conductive glass, evaporation thickness is 30nm.
(3) preparation of calcium titanium ore bed:By iodine methylamine and lead iodide in molar ratio 1:1 mixing is dissolved in DMF and DMSO mixing In solvent, the perovskite solution that concentration is 1M is obtained.Perovskite is spun on FTO/C60Simultaneously 95 DEG C of annealing 30min are formed in substrate Calcium titanium ore bed.
(4) preparation of carbon electrode:Will be by carbon black, the carbon pastes that graphite and epoxy resin etc. are prepared by a certain percentage are uniformly applied Overlay on and carbon electrode is formed above calcium titanium ore bed, perovskite solar cell device is made.
The performance of the perovskite solar cell of above-mentioned preparation as shown in table 1 (all tests are measured under 1 sun, 100mw/cm2)。
The perovskite solar cell properties of table 1
By the C in embodiment 160It is used as electron transfer layer and the thick TiO of the 30nm of spin coating2Electron transfer layer is contrasted, It can be seen that with C in Fig. 2 and table 160Photoelectric transformation efficiency as the perovskite solar cell of electron transfer layer is substantially high In with TiO2It is used as the perovskite solar cell of electron transfer layer.Fig. 3 is shown with C60It is used as integrated complete of electron transfer layer The air stability of carbon-based perovskite solar cell is greatly improved.Fig. 4 is shown with C60It is integrated as electron transfer layer The photostability of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell can also keep more than 99% in 100 hours.
Embodiment 2, PCBM are used as the integrated complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell of electron transfer layer
A kind of perovskite solar cell of the invention, essentially identical with the embodiment of embodiment 1 and effect, difference only exists In:Electron transfer layer uses fullerene derivate PCBM, PCBM is dissolved in the solution that 20mg/ml is formed in chlorobenzene, using molten The method spin coating 20nm of liquid spin coating is formed on electro-conductive glass.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-mentioned implementation Example.All technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention belong to protection scope of the present invention.It is noted that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, improvements and modifications under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, be regarded as the present invention guarantor Protect scope.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell, it is characterised in that including the substrate stacked gradually, transparency electrode, electronics Transport layer, perovskite light-absorption layer and carbon electrode, perovskite light-absorption layer are made up of the photovoltaic material with perovskite structure, electronics Transport layer is made up of fullerene or derivatives thereof, and thickness is 5-50nm.
2. perovskite solar cell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The constituent material of the substrate includes glass Glass or flexiplast.
3. perovskite solar cell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described transparent electrode material includes indium Tin-oxide, fluorine tin-oxide, aluminium zinc oxide.
4. a kind of perovskite solar cell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described calcium titanium ore bed is by chemistry Formula is ABXmY(3-m)One or more materials of type crystal structure are formed, wherein A=CH3NH3、C4H9NH3、NH2=CHNH2;B =Pb, Sn;X, Y=Cl, Br, I;M is arbitrary value in 0 to 3.
5. a kind of perovskite solar cell according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described carbon electrode is carbon nanometer Pipe or carbon pastes.
6. the preparation technology of solar cell described in claim 1-5, it is characterised in that the preparation of electron transfer layer uses vacuum Deposition system is by fullerene C60WithSpeed evaporation be spun to conductive glass on electro-conductive glass or using solution Glass.
CN201710246457.4A 2017-04-15 2017-04-15 A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology Pending CN107154460A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710246457.4A CN107154460A (en) 2017-04-15 2017-04-15 A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710246457.4A CN107154460A (en) 2017-04-15 2017-04-15 A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107154460A true CN107154460A (en) 2017-09-12

Family

ID=59794281

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710246457.4A Pending CN107154460A (en) 2017-04-15 2017-04-15 A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107154460A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108365108A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-08-03 南京邮电大学 A kind of perovskite solar cell and preparation method thereof of p-type nano material embedded in carbon electrode
CN108539024A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-09-14 湖北大学 A kind of carbon-based perovskite solar cell and preparation method thereof
CN109148642A (en) * 2018-07-13 2019-01-04 北京化工大学 A kind of preparation method of inorganic perovskite thin film and its application in solar cells
CN110004456A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-07-12 北京化工大学 A kind of photoelectrocatalysis complete solution water installations integrating carbon-based plane perovskite solar cell
CN111129316A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-05-08 北京化工大学 Carbon-based perovskite solar cell based on multifunctional composite current collector

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105006522A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-28 苏州大学 Perovskite-based inverted thin film solar cell and preparation method thereof
CN105679941A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-15 杭州众能光电科技有限公司 P-type delafossite structure semiconductor material-based plane structure perovskite solar cell and preparation thereof
CN105789444A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-07-20 杭州众能光电科技有限公司 Perovskite solar cell based on vacuum evaporation coating method and preparation method of perovskite solar cell
CN106252515A (en) * 2016-09-06 2016-12-21 西安交通大学 A kind of efficient stable perovskite battery containing impermeable C film and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105006522A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-28 苏州大学 Perovskite-based inverted thin film solar cell and preparation method thereof
CN105679941A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-15 杭州众能光电科技有限公司 P-type delafossite structure semiconductor material-based plane structure perovskite solar cell and preparation thereof
CN105789444A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-07-20 杭州众能光电科技有限公司 Perovskite solar cell based on vacuum evaporation coating method and preparation method of perovskite solar cell
CN106252515A (en) * 2016-09-06 2016-12-21 西安交通大学 A kind of efficient stable perovskite battery containing impermeable C film and preparation method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108365108A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-08-03 南京邮电大学 A kind of perovskite solar cell and preparation method thereof of p-type nano material embedded in carbon electrode
CN108539024A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-09-14 湖北大学 A kind of carbon-based perovskite solar cell and preparation method thereof
CN109148642A (en) * 2018-07-13 2019-01-04 北京化工大学 A kind of preparation method of inorganic perovskite thin film and its application in solar cells
CN110004456A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-07-12 北京化工大学 A kind of photoelectrocatalysis complete solution water installations integrating carbon-based plane perovskite solar cell
CN111129316A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-05-08 北京化工大学 Carbon-based perovskite solar cell based on multifunctional composite current collector

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Wang et al. Perovskite photovoltaics: a high-efficiency newcomer to the solar cell family
CN107154460A (en) A kind of complete carbon-based perovskite solar cell and its preparation technology
CN103456888B (en) A kind of Cs doping ZnO is the hybrid solar cell of electron transfer layer
Wen et al. Interface engineering via an insulating polymer for highly efficient and environmentally stable perovskite solar cells
CN106025067B (en) A kind of solwution method generates film build method and its device application of perovskite thin film
Li Nanomaterials for sustainable energy
CN105280818B (en) A kind of planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell of stabilization and preparation method thereof
CN101901693A (en) Graphene composite dye-sensitized solar cell light anode and preparation method thereof
CN106025085A (en) Perovskite solar cell based on Spiro-OMeTAD/CuxS composite hole transport layer and preparation method thereof
CN104009105B (en) A kind of wire perovskite solar cell and preparation method thereof
CN109065724B (en) Mo-titanium dioxide-AgNWs flexible perovskite solar cell and preparation method thereof
CN105304820A (en) Perovskite solar cell with enhanced graphene and preparation method thereof
CN105470399A (en) Perovskite solar cell based on undoped organic hole transport layer and preparation method
CN110311039B (en) Nb-tin dioxide nano precursor and method for preparing perovskite solar cell by using Nb-tin dioxide nano precursor as electron transport layer
CN105355790A (en) Low cost perovskite solar cell being suitable for production
CN108832002A (en) A kind of perovskite solar battery based on PVA modification hole transmission layer
CN105280822A (en) Low-cost solar cell suitable for production
CN108063186A (en) Zinc doping nickel oxide hole transmission layer inverts perovskite solar cell and preparation method
CN105304819A (en) Solar cell containing perovskite material and preparation method thereof
Lin et al. Inorganic Electron Transport Materials in Perovskite Solar Cells
CN108232016B (en) Perovskite solar cell based on cellulose modified hole transport layer
CN108346742A (en) Perovskite battery and its preparation of photovoltaic performance are improved based on polystyrene boundary layer
CN106848067A (en) A kind of perovskite solar cell of excellent performance
CN107342364A (en) A kind of UV photodetector of zinc oxide polyaniline sandwich structure and preparation method thereof
CN106711333A (en) Perovskite solar energy cell gradual change heterojunction electron transmission layer preparation method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20170912

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication