CN107151189A - A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure and preparation method and application - Google Patents

A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure and preparation method and application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107151189A
CN107151189A CN201710572596.6A CN201710572596A CN107151189A CN 107151189 A CN107151189 A CN 107151189A CN 201710572596 A CN201710572596 A CN 201710572596A CN 107151189 A CN107151189 A CN 107151189A
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China
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parts
selenium
enriched liquid
bacterial manure
liquid bacterial
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Inventor
黄兴学
周国林
汪爱华
林处发
王斌才
张润花
邓耀华
高长斌
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Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • C05D9/02Other inorganic fertilisers containing trace elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure and preparation method and application, belong to agricultural biological technical field.The raw material of the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure includes:Biogas slurry, mushroom slag, EM bacterium solutions, EM original bacteria liquids, CM bacterium, selenite, brown sugar.The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure can provide various nutrient elements for vegetables, promote growth.The preparation method of the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, including:Part EM bacterium solutions, mushroom slag, part CM bacterium solutions are added in biogas slurry, pH value is adjusted, first time fermentation is carried out, obtains the first zymotic fluid;By remaining EM bacterium solutions, part selenite solution is mixed with the first zymotic fluid;After 46 days, part EM original bacteria liquids, remaining CM bacterium solutions and remaining selenite solution are added, second is carried out and ferments, obtain selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.The preparation method technology is simple, can effectively prepare the selenium liquid bacterial fertilizer of excellent performance.The preparation method of the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure can be applied to foliar fertilizer or pouring root fertilizer.

Description

A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure and preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural biological technical field, in particular to a kind of selenium-enriched liquid fertilizer bacterium and preparation method with Using.
Background technology
As economic constantly advances, social continuous progress, people gradually start the requirement to quality of the life More and more higher;It is food-safe also increasingly to pay attention to.
At present, organic food materials increasingly receive needed in everybody pursue, the planting process of organic food materials it is substantial amounts of organic Fertilizer;But farm organic fertilizer degraded is slow, utilization ratio is relatively low, is unfavorable for use of large-scale production;General bacterial manure fermentation Cycle is long, limits extensive quickly production bacterial manure, is unfavorable for production application.
The content of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, and the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure utilizes biogas slurry, mushroom slag Deng waste resource, recycling recycling is carried out, production cost is reduced, slows down environmental pollution, a variety of nutrition members can be provided for vegetables Element, promotes growth, can fertilizer application amount, when efficiency high, the low shortcoming of toxicity improves the added value of victual.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, preparation method technology letter It is single, it can effectively prepare the selenium liquid bacterial fertilizer of excellent performance.
The third object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure in foliar fertilizer or pouring root fertilizer Application.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, using following technical scheme:
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, is counted by weight, and its raw material includes:70-85 parts of biogas slurry, 13-20 parts of mushroom slag, EM bacterium 21-28 parts of liquid, 0.8-1.2 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.3-4.7 parts of CM bacterium, 0.3-0.75 parts of selenite, and 4-6 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, including:Count by weight, by 20-25 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 13-20 The mushroom slag of part, 1.5-2.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 70-85 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value to 7.0-7.5, are carried out for the first time Fermentation, obtains the first zymotic fluid;By 1-3 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.1-0.4 parts of selenite solution are mixed with the first zymotic fluid;Enter Row stirring fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.4-0.6 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 1.8-2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2-0.35 parts of selenous acid are added Salting liquid, carries out second and ferments;Obtain selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
A kind of application of preparation method of above-mentioned selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure in foliar fertilizer or pouring root fertilizer is prepared.
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid fertilizer that the present invention is provided and preparation method and the beneficial effect of application are:
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid fertilizer that the present invention is provided, its preparing raw material mainly includes:Biogas slurry, mushroom slag, EM bacterium solutions, EM opportunistic pathogens Liquid, CM bacterium, sodium selenite and brown sugar.
Wherein, substantial amounts of organic acid is contained in biogas slurry and mushroom slag, amino acid, nutrient growth hormone etc. is to vegetable growth Favourable material;Contain amino acid, cellulose, vitamin and electrolyte ingredient in brown sugar, can be by adjusting some things between tissue The aqueous metabolism of environment, excludes products of cellular metabolism, keeps intracellular, external environment clear in the height of matter concentration, statocyte It is clean;Inorganic selenium (sodium selenite) is changed into Organic Selenium using compound bio flora EM, CM and above-mentioned organic substance, formed rich Machine selenium liquid bacterial fertilizer.
Above-mentioned each raw material components play a part of coordinated simultaneously, and obtained its comprehensive nutrition of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is equal Weighing apparatus, can fully improve quality of vegetable and improve soil ecology.Count by weight, 70-85 parts of biogas slurry, 13-20 parts of mushroom slag, EM 21-28 parts of bacterium solution, 0.8-1.2 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.3-4.7 parts of CM bacterium, 0.3-0.75 parts of selenite, 4-6 parts of brown sugar.This is matched somebody with somebody Than passing through scientific design, according to the proportioning prepare the preparation-obtained selenium-enriched liquid bacterium of raw material, it is possible to increase quality of vegetable and Improve soil ecology.The selenium-enriched liquid bacterium has saving of labor, saves fertilizer, save medicine, save ground, save machinery expenses;Increase yield, increase effect Benefit, the effect enhanced disease resistance etc..
A kind of preparation method for selenium-enriched liquid fertilizer that the present invention is provided, including count by weight, by 20-25 parts of EM bacterium Liquid, 13-20 parts of mushroom slag, 1.5-2.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 70-85 parts of biogas slurry, and regulation pH value is entered to 7.0-7.5 Row ferments for the first time, obtains the first zymotic fluid;By 1-3 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.1-0.4 parts of selenite solution and the first zymotic fluid Mixing;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.4-0.6 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 1.8-2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2-0.35 parts are added Selenite solution, carries out second and ferments;Obtain selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure;Obtain selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.Fermenting twice is conducive to Organic matter in mushroom slag, biogas slurry sufficiently comes out fully to be combined with compound bio flora EM, CM and has changed into inorganic selenium Machine selenium.Preparation method technology is simple, can effectively prepare the selenium liquid bacterial fertilizer of excellent performance.
The preparation method for the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present invention is provided can be applied to prepare foliar fertilizer or pouring root fertilizer.
Embodiment
Embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with embodiment, but those skilled in the art will Understand, the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and is not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.It is unreceipted specific in embodiment Condition person, the condition advised according to normal condition or manufacturer is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, be The conventional products that can be obtained by commercially available purchase.
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure provided in an embodiment of the present invention and preparation method are specifically described with application below.
Organic fertilizer is a kind of highly enriched, high fertilizer efficiency, the new-type fertilizer of multi-functional, full nutrition Synergistic type.Relatively conventional Chemical fertilizer it can be absorbed by plants in very short time, it is to avoid be lost in, and apply simple and convenient, easy shipping storage.It contains Substantial amounts of competent cell and efficient nutrition enzyme element, abundant organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium, magnesium, sulphur, boron, zinc, molybdenum, A variety of middle trace elements such as copper, manganese, iron, while also having a variety of battalion such as aloe elite, amino acid, humic acid and water-solubility protein Form point.
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that embodiments of the present invention are provided, is counted, its raw material includes by weight:Biogas slurry 70-85 parts, 13-20 parts of mushroom slag, 21-28 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.8-1.2 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.3-4.7 parts of CM bacterium, selenite 0.3-0.75 parts, and 4-6 parts of brown sugar.
Wherein, the selection of each raw material components and proportioning pass through scientific design, can so as to be cooperated between various raw materials It is enough at utmost to react to each other and the effect of Synergistic be played, using this proportioning, the active component phase of various raw materials Interaction and supplement, are more beneficial for fully improving quality of vegetable and improve soil ecology.
Preferably, in order to further improve quality of vegetable and improve soil ecology, count by weight, biogas slurry is 70-85 parts, mushroom slag is 13-20 parts, and EM bacterium are 0.8-1.2 parts, and CM bacterium are 1.5-2.5 parts, and sodium selenite is 0.2-0.4 parts, red Sugar is 4-6 parts;Within the range, most preferably, counting by weight, biogas slurry is 75 parts, and mushroom slag is 16 parts, and EM bacterium are 1 part, CM bacterium be 2 parts, sodium selenite be 0.3 part, and brown sugar be 5 parts when, improve quality of vegetable and improve soil ecology effect most It is good.
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present invention is provided includes following raw material:Biogas slurry, mushroom slag, EM bacterium, CM bacterium, selenous acid Sodium and brown sugar.
Wherein, EM (Effective Microorganisms, EM) bacterium solution, means CEM bacterium solution, it is light Close bacterium, lactobacillus, yeast flora, actinomycete group, 5 kind of 10 category more than 80 such as thread flora plant microorganism groups into;EM technologies It is a maximum biotechnology of current application in the world.Compared with general biological agent, it have it is complicated, Performance is stable, multiple functional advantage, shows unprecedented high-tech level.And EM bacterium applications are more broad, It is be applied to the fields such as industry, agricultural, animal husbandry and environmental protection more.Present EM bacterium solutions are a kind of general, and have been widely applied Bacterial manure fermented material in agriculture liquid fertilizer market, and it is simple and easy to get.
CM compound bacterias can make photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete, bacillus, acetic acid bacteria, Bifidobacterium, actinomyces seven big 10 80 kinds of beneficial microbe coexistence and co-prosperities of category in quasi-microorganism.CM compound bacteria technologies are that application is maximum in the world at present One biotechnology.Compared with general biological agent, it has complicated, performance stabilization, multiple functional advantage, table Reveal unprecedented high-tech level.
Biogas slurry can not only fertilizer for replacing chemical, or produce the optimal fertilizer of organic food completely.In biogas slurry containing abundant nitrogen, Phosphorus, potassium, each amino acid, vitamin, protein, gibberellin, auxin, carbohydrate, nucleic acid and antibiotic etc., and butyric acid, Heteroauxin, vitamin B12 isoreactivity resisting substance.Therefore there is the dual work for promoting plant growth and control disease to occur With.
In the present embodiment, biogas slurry is derived from the biogas slurry of discharge of the pig farm water manure anaerobic fermentation after 3 months, the natural pond after fermentation Liquid does not have taste not only, and during the fermentation, also kills many germs, and fertilizer efficiency is increased.
Mushroom slag is rich in nutrients such as crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, ash content, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper Matter.In the present embodiment, mushroom slag is derived from the disused mushroom dregs after edible mushroom substituting stuff cultivation, can be shortened using this kind of mushroom slag when becoming thoroughly decomposed Between.
The addition of brown sugar can promote biological CM, EM flora amount reproduction, so as to promote plant growth, increase degeneration-resistant energy Power, can also expand fruit, improve sugar content.
Selenium is important element needed by human, with anticancer, improves the multiple efficacies such as immunity.But current China is voluminously Se content is not enough in grain and vegetables in area's selenium deficiency, daily life.Selenium-enriched food must be developed especially easily to be absorbed by the body profit Selenium in Plants food.Current rich selenium vegetables production mainly has a two ways, and one kind is to grow vegetables, but China in selenium-rich soil Selenium-rich soil seldom, and is not concentrated, and production rich selenium vegetables have unstability and are difficult to be widely applied.The second way Artificial supplementation inorganic selenium such as sodium selenate etc..Inorganic selenium, which is remained in, has certain toxicity, validity and security on soil and vegetables It is poor.Organic Selenium has small toxicity compared with inorganic selenium, and of low pollution environment, the advantages of utilization rate is high, the present embodiment is exactly utilized Compound bio flora EM, CM and inorganic selenium sodium selenite changed into Organic Selenium by the organic substance of the offers such as biogas slurry, mushroom slag, Form organic selenium-rich liquid bacterial fertilizer.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid fertilizer, including:
EM bacterium solutions are prepared, wherein it is preferred to, EM bacterium solutions are by EM original bacteria liquids and brown sugar water and biogas slurry according to 0.4-0.6:4-6: 15-25 weight is obtained for 20-28 hours than mixed culture.Brown sugar water can promote the flora in EM original bacteria liquids to breed, to help EM Organic matter in flora and biogas slurry in original bacteria liquid etc. is quickly combined;EM original bacteria liquids are with brown sugar water and the weight ratio of biogas slurry through invention People's creativeness experiment gained, the EM bacterium solutions prepared in the ratio range are used for the ability that inorganic selenium is converted into Organic Selenium It is stronger.
Then count by weight, 20-25 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 13-20 parts of mushroom slag, 1.5-2.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added Enter into 70-85 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value to 7.0-7.5, carry out first and ferment, obtain the first zymotic fluid;The step is set It is equipped with beneficial to fertilizer efficiency is further enhanced, is conducive to further increasing effect in the alkaline environment, EM bacterium solutions, mushroom slag, CM bacterium solutions, natural pond The proportioning of liquid is through inventor's creativeness experiment gained, and the EM bacterium solutions prepared in the ratio range are used to convert inorganic selenium It is stronger for the ability of Organic Selenium.
By 1-3 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.1-0.4 parts of selenite solution are mixed with the first zymotic fluid;Preferably, in the present invention In embodiment, selenate includes at least one of potassium selenate or sodium selenate, two kinds of inorganic seleniums it is more simple, potassium or sodium are equal Other miscellaneous elements can not be had by soil or plant absorption.Added according to said ratio into the first zymotic fluid EM bacterium solutions and Selenic acid salting liquid, more can be converted into Organic Selenium by inorganic selenium.
Then 0.4-0.6 parts of EM original bacteria liquids are added after being stirred fermentation 4-6 days, 1.8-2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2-0.35 parts of selenite solution, carry out second and ferment;Second of fermentation further enhancing the conversion ratio of inorganic selenium.At this In inventive embodiments, in order to reach more preferable ferment effect, it is preferable that the second fermentation time is preferably 15-20 days, the second fermentation Including interval stirring and exhaust, the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days.
The preparation method of this kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure provided in an embodiment of the present invention can be applied to prepare foliar fertilizer or filling Root fertilizer.Specifically, preferably, 3 times of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure dilution can be used for leaf after can be directly used for pouring root, 5 times of dilution Leaven.
The feature and performance to the present invention are described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:70 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 13 parts, 21 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.8 part of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.3 parts of CM bacterium, 0.3 part of sodium selenite, and 4 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:By 4 portions of brown sugar be dissolved in water be configured to it is red 0.4 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 4 parts of brown sugar waters and 15 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by syrup.
20 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 13 parts of mushroom slags, 1.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 70 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.0 Row first ferments, and obtains the first zymotic fluid;1 part of EM bacterium solutions, 0.1 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;4- After 6 days, 0.4 part of EM original bacteria liquid, 1.8 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution are added, second is carried out and ferments, during fermentation A length of 15-20 days, the second fermentation process included interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains richness Selenium liquid bacterial fertilizer.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:85 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 20 parts, 28 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1.2 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 4.7 parts of CM bacterium, 0.75 part of sodium selenite, and 6 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:By 6 portions of brown sugar be dissolved in water be configured to it is red 0.6 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 6 parts of brown sugar waters and 25 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by syrup.
25 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 20 parts of mushroom slags, 2.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 85 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.0 Row first ferments;3 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.4 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.6 part is added EM original bacteria liquids, 2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.35 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days during fermentation, the Two fermentation process include interval stirring and are vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 3
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:72 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 15 parts, 23 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.9 part of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.5 parts of CM bacterium, 0.35 part of sodium selenite, and 4.5 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:4.5 portions of brown sugar are dissolved in into water to be configured to 0.4 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 4.5 parts of brown sugar waters and 20 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by brown sugar water.
21 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 15 parts of mushroom slags, 1.6 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 72 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.0 Row first ferments;2 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.15 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.5 is added Part EM original bacteria liquids, 1.9 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.3 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days during fermentation, the Two fermentation process include interval stirring and are vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 4
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:80 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 18 parts, 27 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1.1 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 4.5 parts of CM bacterium, 0.6 part of sodium selenite, and 5.5 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:5.5 portions of brown sugar are dissolved in into water to be configured to 0.5 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 5.5 parts of brown sugar waters and 22 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by brown sugar water.
24 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 18 parts of mushroom slags, 2.3 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 80 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.0 Row first ferments;3 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.4 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.6 part is added EM original bacteria liquids, 2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days, second during fermentation Fermentation process includes interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 5
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:74 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 16 parts, 24 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1 part of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.7 parts of CM bacterium, 0.4 part of sodium selenite, and 5 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:5.5 portions of brown sugar are dissolved in into water to be configured to 0.5 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 5 parts of brown sugar waters and 18 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by brown sugar water.
22 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 16 parts of mushroom slags, 1.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 74 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.0 Row first ferments;2 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.5 part is added EM original bacteria liquids, 2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days, second during fermentation Fermentation process includes interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 6
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:77 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 17 parts, 26 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1.05 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 4.1 parts of CM bacterium, 0.5 part of sodium selenite, and 5.2 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:5.2 portions of brown sugar are dissolved in into water to be configured to 0.45 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 5.2 parts of brown sugar waters and 19 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by brown sugar water.
24 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 17 parts of mushroom slags, 2.3 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 77 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.0 Row first ferments;2 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.3 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.6 part is added EM original bacteria liquids, 1.9 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days, second during fermentation Fermentation process includes interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 7
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:77 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 17 parts, 26 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1.05 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 4.1 parts of CM bacterium, 0.5 part of sodium selenite, and 5.2 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:5.2 portions of brown sugar are dissolved in into water to be configured to 0.45 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 5.2 parts of brown sugar waters and 19 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by brown sugar water.
24 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 17 parts of mushroom slags, 2.3 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 77 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.5 Row first ferments;2 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.3 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.6 part is added EM original bacteria liquids, 1.9 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days, second during fermentation Fermentation process includes interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Embodiment 8
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:77 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 17 parts, 26 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1.05 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 4.1 parts of CM bacterium, 0.5 part of sodium selenite, and 5.2 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:5.2 portions of brown sugar are dissolved in into water to be configured to 0.45 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 5.2 parts of brown sugar waters and 19 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by brown sugar water.
24 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 17 parts of mushroom slags, 2.3 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 77 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value is entered to 7.3 Row first ferments;2 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.3 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;After 4-6 days, 0.6 part is added EM original bacteria liquids, 1.9 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2 part of sodium selenite solution, carry out second and ferment, a length of 15-20 days, second during fermentation Fermentation process includes interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Reference examples 1
A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, is counted by weight, its raw material includes:60 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 30 parts, 20 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 2 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 5 parts of CM bacterium, 0.2 part of sodium selenite, and 3 parts of brown sugar.
A kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure is present embodiments provided, including:By 3 portions of brown sugar be dissolved in water be configured to it is red 1 part of EM original bacteria liquid and 3 parts of brown sugar waters and 12 parts of biogas slurry mixed culture are obtained EM bacterium solutions in 20-28 hours by syrup.
15 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 30 parts of mushroom slags, 3 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added in 60 parts of biogas slurry, regulation pH value to 7.0 is carried out First fermentation, obtains the first zymotic fluid;5 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.1 part of sodium selenite solution are added again;It is stirred fermentation;4-6 After it, 1 part of EM original bacteria liquid, 2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.1 sodium selenite solution are added, second is carried out and ferments, a length of 15- during fermentation 20 days, the second fermentation process included interval stirring and is vented, and the interval time of stirring and exhaust is 1-3 days, obtains selenium-enriched liquid Bacterial manure.
The selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present embodiment is provided dilutes 5 times and is configured to selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer.
Experimental example 1
The selenium-enriched foliage fertilizer that embodiment 1-8 and reference examples 1 are prepared, is set to experimental group 1-9, and clear water is used as control Group is set to test group 10, and 60mg/kg sodium selenite is set to experimental group 11;
The consistent pakchoi not harvested of 1100 plants of maturity or romaine lettuce are taken, 100 plants are one group, are set to experimental group 1- 11,15 selenium-rich provided to experimental group 1-9 pakchoi or romaine lettuce foliage-spray by embodiment 1-8 and reference examples 1 before harvesting Foliar fertilizer, pakchoi or the clear water of romaine lettuce foliage-spray equivalent to experimental group 10 are sprayed to the pakchoi of experimental group 11 or romaine lettuce Apply the 60mg/kg of equivalent sodium selenite.
Experimental group 1-11 yield, quality, Organic Selenium, inorganic selenium content balance are as follows:
The different disposal of table 1 to yield of pakchoi, quality, Se content influence
The different disposal of table 2 to romaine lettuce yield, quality, Se content influence
Table 2, the pakchoi of experimental group 11 or the yield of romaine lettuce, Vc contents, total selenium and organic selenium content are combined from table 1 Higher than experimental group 10, experimental group 1-9 pakchoi or the yield of romaine lettuce, Vc contents, total selenium and organic selenium content are significantly larger than reality Group 11 is tested, the result shows, selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure provided by the present invention, which is prepared, obtains foliar fertilizer compared to inorganic selenium fertilizer, more Crop yield can be improved, crop quality is improved.
Experimental group 1-6 pakchoi or the yield of romaine lettuce, Vc contents, total selenium and organic selenium content be higher than experimental group 9, and with The result data of experimental group 6 is optimal, and experimental group 9 is identical with experimental group 1-6 raw material, and making step is identical, illustrates selenium-enriched liquid The raw material proportioning of bacterial manure is larger on the foliar fertilizer influence prepared, is prepared into ratio range provided in an embodiment of the present invention The foliar fertilizer arrived is better able to improve crop yield, improves crop quality compared to inorganic selenium fertilizer.
Experimental group 6-8 pakchoi or the yield of romaine lettuce, Vc contents, total selenium and organic selenium content are less than experimental group to test Group 8 is optimal, and experimental group 8 is identical with experimental group 6-7 raw material and proportioning, and making step is identical, illustrates the acid of fermentation for the first time Alkalinity ranges influence larger, the leaf prepared in ratio range provided in an embodiment of the present invention to the foliar fertilizer prepared Leaven is better able to improve crop yield, improves crop quality compared to inorganic selenium fertilizer.
In summary, the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present invention is provided carries out recycling again using waste resources such as biogas slurry, mushroom slags Utilize, reduce production cost, slow down environmental pollution, various nutrient elements can be provided for vegetables, promote growth, being capable of fertilizer application Amount, when efficiency high, the low shortcoming of toxicity improves the added value of victual;The system for the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure that the present invention is provided Preparation Method, the preparation method technology is simple, can effectively prepare the selenium liquid bacterial fertilizer of excellent performance.
Embodiments described above is a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, what those of ordinary skill in the art were obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Every other embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, it is characterised in that count by weight, its raw material includes:70-85 parts of biogas slurry, mushroom slag 13- 20 parts, 21-28 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.8-1.2 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 3.3-4.7 parts of CM bacterium, 0.3-0.75 parts of selenite, Yi Jihong It is sugared 4-6 parts.
2. selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that count by weight, the biogas slurry is 72-80 Part, the mushroom slag is 15-18 parts, 23-27 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.9-1.1 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, and the CM bacterium are 3.5-4.5 parts, described Sodium selenite is 0.35-0.6 parts, and the brown sugar is 4.5-5.5 parts.
3. selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that count by weight, the biogas slurry is 74-77 Part, the mushroom slag is 16-17 parts, 24-26 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 1-1.05 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, and the CM bacterium are 3.7-4.1 parts, described Selenite is 0.4-0.5 parts, and the brown sugar is 5-5.2 parts.
4. selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the biogas slurry is pig farm water manure anaerobic fermentation The biogas slurry of discharge after 3 months.
5. selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mushroom slag is after edible mushroom substituting stuff cultivation Disused mushroom dregs.
6. a kind of preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure, it is characterised in that including:
Count by weight, 20-25 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 13-20 parts of mushroom slag, 1.5-2.5 parts of CM bacterium solutions are added to 70-85 In the biogas slurry of part, regulation pH value to 7.0-7.5 carries out first time fermentation, obtains the first zymotic fluid;
By 1-3 parts of EM bacterium solutions, 0.1-0.4 parts of selenite solution are mixed with first zymotic fluid;It is stirred fermentation;
After 4-6 days, 0.4-0.6 parts of EM original bacteria liquids, 1.8-2.2 parts of CM bacterium solutions and 0.2-0.35 parts of selenite solution are added, Second is carried out to ferment;Obtain the selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure.
7. the preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 6, it is characterised in that in parts by weight, described It is small that EM bacterium solutions are mixed 20-28 by the 0.4-0.6 parts of EM original bacteria liquids and 4-6 parts of brown sugar and 15-25 part biogas slurries When obtain.
8. the preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 6, it is characterised in that second of fermentation when Between be 15-20 days, second fermentation includes interval stirring and is vented, and the stirring and the interval time being vented are 1-3 days.
9. the preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the selenite includes Asia At least one of potassium selenate or sodium selenite.
10. application of the preparation method of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure as claimed in claim 6 in foliar fertilizer or pouring root fertilizer is prepared.
CN201710572596.6A 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 A kind of selenium-enriched liquid bacterial manure and preparation method and application Pending CN107151189A (en)

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CN108046892A (en) * 2017-12-02 2018-05-18 长沙无道工业设计有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich zoology bacterial manure and preparation method thereof
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CN108129232A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-06-08 广西南宁桂启科技发展有限公司 Se-enriched bio bacterial manure and its application
CN108165504A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-06-15 广西南宁桂启科技发展有限公司 Composite bacteria agent, preparation method and applications
CN109206211A (en) * 2018-09-07 2019-01-15 永州职业技术学院 A kind of Se-enriched bio conditioning liquid and preparation method thereof
CN109104966A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-01-01 陈传璞 A kind of production method of organic selenium soybean
CN109104966B (en) * 2018-10-15 2021-04-16 陈传璞 Production method of organic selenium soybean
CN109438083A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-08 广西壮族自治区农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of selenium-enriched liquid fertilizer

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Application publication date: 20170912