CN107143870A - A kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine - Google Patents

A kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107143870A
CN107143870A CN201710317542.5A CN201710317542A CN107143870A CN 107143870 A CN107143870 A CN 107143870A CN 201710317542 A CN201710317542 A CN 201710317542A CN 107143870 A CN107143870 A CN 107143870A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nozzle
combustion
air distribution
air
sleeve
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CN201710317542.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107143870B (en
Inventor
刘锋
杨天坤
史海廷
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United Gifted Biomass Energy Xuzhou Co Ltd
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United Gifted Biomass Energy Xuzhou Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K3/00Feeding or distributing of lump or pulverulent fuel to combustion apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B90/00Combustion methods not related to a particular type of apparatus
    • F23B90/04Combustion methods not related to a particular type of apparatus including secondary combustion
    • F23B90/06Combustion methods not related to a particular type of apparatus including secondary combustion the primary combustion being a gasification or pyrolysis in a reductive atmosphere

Abstract

A kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine, it is main to include anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle, rear portion feed integration unit and bottom air distribution aided synthesis device;Main body uses double-layer sleeve structure, and wherein inner sleeve, which is used for gasification, and combustion, outer sleeve, is used for air blast cooling protection.The combustion apparatus that the present invention is provided refutes fiery deashing device, the nozzle-type structure design with reference to three-level Multi-directional three-dimensional formula air distribution using the rotation of economical and efficient, with stronger environment and operating mode applicability, practicality, it is a kind of clean and effective, energy-conserving and environment-protective, stable, easy to operate, anti-coking and the extensive biomass thermal energy application technology of suitability of fuel, feasible extension programme will be provided for the transformation of the new urbanization of China, agricultural modernization and various middle and small burn coal boiler clean energy resourcies, it is contemplated that can bring significant economical, societal benefits.

Description

A kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine
Technical field
Revolved the present invention relates to a kind of easy structure compact biomass combustion machine, more particularly to a kind of general compact anti-coking Fiery ash cleaning jet nozzle formula biomass combustion machine is rejected, belongs to biomass thermal energy equipment technical field.
Background technology
In recent years petering out with traditional fossil energy, energy crisis and environmental pollution receive social increasing Concern, therefore explore in the world, develop Novel clean alternative energy source as trend.Biomass energy technology is with low dirt Dye, the special performance of sustainable, neutral carbon emission are by common concern and accreditation;Wherein it is referred to as the biology of " solid natural gas " Matter grain forming fuel is then current to study a kind of most deep, application most wide biomass energy application technology;With tradition Fossil fuel compare, biomass granule fuel is not only provided with whole advantages of biomass energy and can solve biomass energy The transport in source, storage problem, using the more environmentally-friendly cleaning of process, process does not produce secondary pollution, complies fully with China and shows Modern sustainable development and the rigid demand of low-carbon transition;First, high compression volume and shape based on granular fuel are saved greatly Storage area is measured, energy density is improved, the sustained combustion time of unit volume is significantly increased, and effectively reduce fuel Carrying cost;Secondly, granular fuel has preferable combustion characteristics, easily lights, and easy to burn out, remaining carbon is low, and overall efficiency is high;This Outside, the discharge of harmful and contaminating gaseous components is few when biological particles burn, and realizes by carbon cycle " the zero-emission of carbon dioxide Put ", it is that the maximally efficient approach of traditional fossil energy is substituted in regenerative resource category.
Biomass combustion machine is that a kind of universal biomass granule fuel for obtaining popularity application at present integrates heat energy Application apparatus;The equipment mainly by gasification of biomass, half gasification and direct fired technology, will remain the agricultural such as thing with stalk, forestry three Biomass cracks burning at high temperature for the fuel of main component, the hydrocarbon energy that will be stored in by photosynthesis in plant Discharge, so as to fully meet people for heating, heat supply, the production and living energy use demand such as combustion gas.Market today is given birth to Material shaped fuel combustor generally uses the technology type of auger feeding, fixed grate and many level air-distributions, and structure is single, cost Coking and slagging problem is serious in high and application process;Higher user's primary equipment input cost and poor guest operation make With experience, the further genralrlization and industry development of burning machine equipment are seriously limited;It is a kind of it is new, efficient, stably, anti-coking, Compact biomass combustion machine with low cost is by market active demand.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome poor existing combustor product burning operation continuous stability, easy coking and slagging, equipment cost input it is high, The deficiency for the technologies such as bulky, operating mode is poor for applicability is assembled, the present invention provides a kind of using nozzle-like design, bilayer sleeve machine Fiery ash-clearing structure is refuted in structure, auger feeding combination rotation, devises a kind of compact, low cost, high efficiency nozzle-type biomass fuel Burning machine;Equipment investment cost is reduced by simplifying burner structure, equipment assembling volume is reduced, is linked by using auger feeding Rotation refutes fiery ash-clearing structure and simplifies device, improve fuel economy, prevented coking, slagging, passes through a key of design Change operator scheme and liberated operating personnel's energy, reduce cost of labor, strengthen customer experience.Air-cooled sleeve burner hearth is combined simultaneously Rotation refutes the invention of fiery deashing device and using applicability of the equipment for different material biological particles is also substantially increased, and drops Low fuel cost.
To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes following technical scheme:
A kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine involved in the present invention, its designing technique feature is main as following It is described.
1)This combustor uses nozzle-type structure design so that biomass molding fuel is easy to and heated as natural gas Equipment is assembled, and it is comprehensive that equipment body mainly includes anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle, rear portion feed integration unit and bottom air distribution auxiliary Attach together and put.
2)The anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle is main by nozzle inner walls pipe, outer nozzle wall pipe, nozzle external flange, rotation Refute fiery deashing device, sleeve nozzle adpting flange to weld to be formed with one heart according to certain structure, filled as the central combustion of this equipment Put;Wherein nozzle inner walls pipe is located on the inside of outer nozzle wall pipe, and two parts are fixedly welded on sleeve nozzle adpting flange with one heart, covers Cylinder nozzle adpting flange is used to fix and support whole frontal sleeve nozzle, and is used for being connected with rear portion air distribution header;Spray Mouth external flange is welded in outer nozzle wall pipe front end with one heart, for being connected with outside the service of connection devices;Fiery deashing device axle is refuted in rotation Nozzle inner walls pipe center is concentrically located at, the core gasification combustion chamber of this equipment is collectively constituted, for realizing the complete of shaped fuel Gasification, and combustion and heat release, beat while refuting the constantly rotation of fiery deashing device by rotation and turning over, effectively prevent burner hearth coking and improve combustion Burn efficiency;The partition formed between nozzle inner walls pipe and outer nozzle wall pipe is cooling wind partition, is mainly used in by air-cooled as spray Mouth inner wall tube cools, reclaims heat, so as to effectively increase the service life of nucleus equipment, reduce the nozzle as burner hearth Inner wall tube material requirements, and effectively improve the equipment complex thermal efficiency.
3)Described rear portion feed integration unit be mainly this device systems provide lasting fuel supply, equipment carrying, The effect such as feed and fire grate rotational power;It is main to include burning machine support, hopper, feed sleeve, feeding packing auger bar, rotation electricity Machine, rotation fixing bearing and shaft bearing fixed bin etc. part composition.Wherein burning machine support is used to support whole device, Hopper is weldingly fixed on this support along top, and feed sleeve is welded and fixed at hopper lower openings, and feeding packing auger bar is coaxial The shaped fuel that the heart is fixed in feed sleeve, feed bin is fallen into after feed sleeve by charging strand by lower ports under gravity Imperial bar is sent to progress combustion heat release in the gasification, and combustion room of rear end;Fiery deashing device is refuted in the welding rotation of feeding packing auger bar rear portion, its Mainly it is fixed on by rotating fixing bearing on shaft bearing fixed bin, and by being also attached on shaft bearing fixed bin Rotary electric machine provides rotary power, and the shaft bearing fixed bin for being fixed with rotary electric machine and rotation fixing bearing directly fastens peace Loaded on feed sleeve afterbody;Wherein fiery deashing is refuted in rotary electric machine axle center, rotation fixing bearing center, feeding packing auger bar and rotation Required when the axle center of device is installed conllinear with one heart.
4)The bottom air distribution aided synthesis device is used for for this equipment provides each level air-distribution, igniting startup, sight is fiery, force The functions such as slagging-off;Its structure mainly includes air distribution header, air distribution point wind box, air blower, forces slagging-off/observation panel, igniting air distribution The compositions such as pipe, igniting heating rod, air distribution header adpting flange;Wherein air distribution header is this part core part, and its front portion passes through Sleeve nozzle adpting flange is fixedly connected with sleeve nozzle, and rear portion is fed integration unit by feed sleeve and rear portion and is attached; Igniting aid distributing pipe penetrates air distribution header welding and is fixed on feed sleeve underface, and inside is installed igniting heating rod, added by igniting Hot pin preheated-combustion-supporting air distribution, so that the gasification combustion chamber's fuel that ignites of lighting a fire;Slagging-off/observation panel is forced equally to penetrate air distribution header Feed sleeve lower left is weldingly fixed on, being mainly used in observation combustion chambers burn state and forced material-removing slagging-off if necessary is made With;Air distribution point wind box is welded on air distribution header lower end, and rear end is connected air blower, and centre is matched somebody with somebody by welding connecting tube with igniting There is provided igniting combustion supporting wind for airduct connection.The combustion air produced by air blower is divided to wind box to be divided into two parts into air distribution, mainly Part leads into air distribution header via air distribution point wind box and carries out sub-distribution again, and another part wind is by being fixed on air distribution point wind box Igniting aid distributing pipe is entered by connecting tube under internal deep bead drainage.
5)The main combustion air of described entrance air distribution header is again split into some in air distribution header, there is few first Measure air distribution via the hole on feeding sleeve tube wall to enter inside feed sleeve, gas is redirected back into while sealing gland anti-backfire is played Change combustion chamber;Air distribution header front panel, which is furnished with a large amount of holes, is used for many level air-distributions, wherein positioned at igniting aid distributing pipe position igniting/ Combustion-supporting air port and the combustion-supporting air distribution outlet of master of its both sides is distributed in as an air distribution of gasification, and combustion, the pyrolysis for shaped fuel And fixed carbon burning;One week hole of feed sleeve circumferential distribution is centered around to aid in combustion-supporting air distribution outlet secondary as gasification, and combustion Wind, is mainly used in volatile combustion;It is distributed in outermost and is cooled down positioned at one week between nozzle inner walls pipe and outer nozzle wall pipe Air port is mainly used in cooling nozzles inwall protection of pipe gasification combustion chamber, reclaims nozzle inner walls pipe radiations heat energy as tertiary air, and Finally burn offer sufficiently burning combustion oxygen for nozzle exit.
6)In addition, described anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle belongs to rapid wear Replacement Part in this device structure, its with it is rear Portion is fed integration unit and connected using survivor of a murder attempt's flange, and user can in time adjust according to the actual use situation of oneself and more renew Sleeve nozzle, to realize the extension of service life of equipment.
7)It is synchronized using concentric co-axial that fiery deashing device and feeding packing auger bar are refuted in described rotation(Angular velocity of rotation)Connection It is fixed, it is driven using unified rotary electric machine, rotary shaft is fixedly connected using the spacing form of single armed multiple spot.
8)The burning machine equipment uses the time relay(Control driving motor)And thyristor regulating depressor(Control air blast Machine)It is common to coordinate control, using one-touch switch, client is simplified by operational factor synchronization fitting setting and uses difficulty and behaviour Make workload.
The present invention provides technical characteristic and also resided in addition:The biomass molding fuel by stack with hopper in, in hopper Shaped fuel fall under gravity into above feed sleeve, enter gas through air distribution header under the promotion of feeding packing auger bar Change combustion chamber and fall into nozzle inner walls pipe rear portion, light pyrolysis under the hot blast effect of igniting aid distributing pipe blowout, the volatilization being pyrolyzed out Divide and mix progress combustion heat release with Secondary Air on gasification combustion chamber top, and be pyrolyzed remaining fixed carbon part and then refute fire in rotation Under the stirring of deashing device abundant combustion heat release and progressively to nozzle exit movement until completely burning after fallen by jet hole Fall in docking burner hearth, the heat smoke of burning blown out after jetting nozzle with cooling air port it is preheated after tertiary air mix simultaneously Burning discharges net quantity of heat completely;Shaped fuel is in gasification combustion chamber(I.e. on nozzle inner walls pipe)Burning belong to long stroke subregion Multilevel combustion, wherein forward part are mainly used in pyrolytic gasification, are partly mainly used in fixing carbon burning afterwards;And shaped fuel and solid Determine mobile power of the carbon part in gasification, and combustion room mostly come from rotation refute fiery deashing device rotation and bottom once match somebody with somebody The purging of wind.
Beneficial effect
A kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine provided by the present invention, its advantage is.
1)Design structure of the present invention is compact, and equipment volume and floor space are small, is applicable to most coal-fired arcolas Clean energy resource is transformed, with preferable market application prospect.
2)The present invention, using the burning of long stroke Grading And Zoning formula and Multi-directional three-dimensional formula three-level partition, has on chamber structure Effect improves the burn-off rate of shaped fuel and the integrated heat efficiency of device systems, so that its usage economy of this equipment is significantly Lifting.
3)Optimal operating parameter is fitted before equipment use premise, operating in a key, device structure can be achieved in client's use Simple fault rate is low, effectively improves the customer experience effect of this equipment.
4)Equipment body is designed using structure of whole solid state, and the technical principle of use is mature and stable, so as to greatly improve this The continuous stability of invention equipment operation.
5)Suitable device is not required to singly match somebody with somebody air-introduced machine under combustor design use pressurized firing form, normal condition, effectively Reduce the transformation use cost of user.
6)The present invention uses subregion Dynamic Burning mechanism and rotary moveable fire grate structure, for such as straw in addition to pure timber The various shaped granule fuel such as stalk, draft, weedtree are respectively provided with preferable applicability, and with the good anti-clinkering property of anti-coking Energy.
7)The present invention uses Split module splicing structure, and each critical piece is peelable to be changed, and reduces equipment dimension Cost is protected, the cost input that user uses is alleviated.
8)Present device combines the progress clean energy resource transformation of original coal-burning boiler and belongs to two Room combustion types, by indirect Dust and tar ingredients are compared with the similar type reduction by more than 50% in market in sedimentation, combustion flame and flue gas.
In summary, reliable and stable the invention provides one kind is energy-efficient, the thermal efficiency is high, operation under positive pressure, low-carbon ring Protect, Multifunctional biomass combustor simple to operate, widely applicable.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine profile stereogram;
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine along nozzle direction;
Fig. 3 is that Fig. 2 cuts open figure along A-A faces;
Fig. 4 be Fig. 1 in B circle in the range of partial enlarged drawing.
In accompanying drawing:1- nozzle inner walls pipes;2- outer nozzle wall pipes;3- nozzle external flanges;Fiery deashing device is refuted in 4- rotations;5- Air distribution header;6- air distribution point wind boxes;7- air blowers;8- burning machine supports;9- hoppers;10- forces slagging-off/observation panel;11- is fed Sleeve pipe;12- feeding packing auger bars;13- igniting aid distributing pipes;14- igniting heating rods;15- rotary electric machines;16- rotates fixing bearing; 17- cools down wind partition;18- cooling air ports;19- igniting/combustion-supporting air port;The combustion-supporting air distribution outlet of 20- master;21- aids in combustion-supporting air distribution outlet; 22- gasification combustion chamber;23- sleeve nozzle adpting flanges;24- air distribution header adpting flanges;25- shaft bearing fixed bins.
Specific implementation method
In embodiment as shown in Figure 1, a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine that the present invention is provided, combustor Main body includes anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle, rear portion feed integration unit and the big composition portion of bottom air distribution aided synthesis device three Point, three parts main body is fixedly supported to burning machine support(08)On, burn machine support(08)Outside can add installation shell; Anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle is by nozzle inner walls pipe(01), outer nozzle wall pipe(02), nozzle external flange(03), rotation refute fiery clear Apparatus for ash(04), sleeve nozzle adpting flange(23)Collectively constitute, wherein nozzle inner walls pipe(01)With outer nozzle wall pipe(02)One End alignment is welded in sleeve nozzle adpting flange with one heart(23)On, nozzle external flange(03)It is welded in outer nozzle wall pipe with one heart (02)Fiery deashing device is refuted in the other end, rotation(04)Concentric co-axial is fixedly welded on feeding packing auger bar(12), and with one heart through simultaneously It is fixed on nozzle inner walls pipe(01)It is interior.
It is preferred that, with reference to accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 3, rear portion feed integration unit is main by burning machine support(08), hopper(09)、 Feed sleeve(11), feeding packing auger bar(12), rotary electric machine(15), rotate fixing bearing(16)And shaft bearing fixed bin(25) Composition, wherein hopper(09)Top edging is welded in burning machine support(08)On, feed sleeve(11)Axially it is welded in hopper (09)Polycrystalline substance, is fixed with rotation and refutes fiery deashing device(04)Feeding packing auger bar(12)Concentric co-axial sequentially passes through feeding sleeve Pipe(11)And nozzle inner walls pipe(01)And in feed sleeve(11)Rear end passes through two groups of rotation fixing bearings(16)It is fixed, the end of bar End passes through buckle and rotary electric machine(15)It is connected, and rotary electric machine(15)And rotate fixing bearing(16)Then use silk Button, which is fixed on, is concentrically mounted on feed sleeve(11)The shaft bearing fixed bin of rear end(25)On.
It is preferred that combination accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 3, accompanying drawing 4, bottom air distribution aided synthesis device mainly include air distribution header(05)、 Air distribution point wind box(06), air blower(07), force slagging-off/observation panel(10), igniting aid distributing pipe(13), igniting heating rod(14)、 Air distribution header adpting flange(24)Composition;Air distribution header(05)Pass through air distribution header adpting flange(24)It is fixed on anterior replaceable Sleeve nozzle rear end, and feed sleeve(11)Passed through by back-end central and be welded in air distribution header(05)On below, air distribution point wind Box(06)It is welded in air distribution header(05)Positive lower end, air distribution point wind box(06)Centre is using connecting tube and igniting aid distributing pipe(13)Even Connect, and screwed connection air blower is used in end(07);Igniting heating rod(14)With one heart by rear end access igniting aid distributing pipe(13).
It is preferred that combination accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2,3 specific embodiments of accompanying drawing are using homologous coaxial in feeding packing auger bar(12)'s Fiery deashing device is refuted in rotation(04)As the movable linkage of gasification combustion chamber, part integrally uses multiple spot【The present embodiment is three Point, including two rotation fixing bearings(16)Fulcrum and its rotary electric machine of end(15)One fulcrum of axle】Side cantilever is fixed, Fixed impetus is predominantly located at the thicker feeding packing auger bar of relative diameter(12)End;Feeding packing auger bar(12)And rotation refutes fiery clear Apparatus for ash(04)In rotary electric machine(15)Rotated under transmission with same constant angular velocity, wherein feeding packing auger bar(12)For promoting Hopper(09)And feed sleeve(11)Interior shaped fuel enters gasification combustion chamber(22), and rotate and refute fiery deashing device(04)With In agitation gasification combustion chamber(22)Shaped fuel so that promote to react efficiently progress, effectively prevent coking and in bottom wind once Wind cooperation is lower to promote the shaped fuel that participation is burnt to movement at fire door.
It is preferred that combination accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2,3 specific embodiments of accompanying drawing use two sub-distribution three-level Multi-directional three-dimensional formula air distributions Structure design, air distribution is by air blower(07)Produce, into air distribution header(05)After once divided wind, a small amount of inlet point after point wind Fiery aid distributing pipe(13)Finally via igniting/combustion-supporting air port(19)Into gasification combustion chamber(22)It is used as First air;And it is most Wind can then enter air distribution point wind box(06)And secondary distribution is carried out wherein, wherein entering feed sleeve on a small quantity(11)Play sealing gland Act on and eventually enter into gasification combustion chamber(22), and by being distributed in feed sleeve(11)The combustion-supporting air distribution outlet of auxiliary of exit perimeter (21)The wind of blowout is collectively as Secondary Air, and some another wind is via being distributed in igniting/combustion-supporting air port(19)The master of both sides helps Fire air distribution outlet(20)Blow out and with igniting/combustion-supporting air port(19)The wind of blowout collectively constitutes First air, last part wind via It is distributed in nozzle inner walls pipe(01)And outer nozzle wall pipe(02)Between cooling air port(18)Discharge is used as tertiary air.
It is preferred that combination accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3, this specific embodiment shaped fuel is stored in hopper(09)In, normally In feeding packing auger bar during burning(12)Rotation under, be stored in feeding packing auger bar hopper(09)In shaped fuel auger promote Constantly gasification combustion chamber is admitted under power and the collective effect of gravity(22)Front end, and complete pre- under sufficient First air supply Heat and pyrolysis, gasification, fiery deashing device will be refuted in rotation simultaneously by participating in the fuel of reaction(04)And bottom First air is common Effect is lower constantly to movement at jet hole, and the shaped fuel burning closer to exit is more complete, until finally going out via nozzle It is pushed out at mouthful and into correspondence burner hearth, therefore shaped fuel is in gasification combustion chamber(22)Interior reaction belongs to subregion segmented , so as to effectively increase reaction efficiency and prevent coking.
Finally, this specific embodiment control system is controlled using one-touch switch, and two control variables rotate electricity in embodiment Machine(15)Rotating speed and air blower(07)The time relay is respectively adopted in power and thyristor regulating depressor is controlled, and embodiment is performed When by analysis and experiment test be fitted a large amount of operational factors, advance parameter setting can be carried out when embodiment is applied, is used Person only needs to perform one-touch on/off operation.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine, combines multistage multi-directional three-dimensional using the burning of subregion gasification cracking Air distribution, nozzle burner hearth refutes fire from deashing gasification, and combustion structure using rotation, it is characterised in that:Article body uses Split module Change mounting structure, it is main to include anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle, rear portion feed integration unit and bottom air distribution aided synthesis device Three big parts;
The main alignment by concentric and one end of described anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle is welded in sleeve nozzle adpting flange(23)On And fiery deashing device is refuted in the internal fixed rotation of installation(04)Nozzle inner walls pipe(01), and front end is welded with nozzle external flange (03)Outer nozzle wall pipe(02)Collectively constitute, nozzle inner walls pipe(01)Inside is used as gasification combustion chamber(22), nozzle inner walls pipe (01)And outer nozzle wall pipe(02)The partition of formation is used as cooling wind partition(17);
Described rear portion feed integration unit is main by burning machine support(08), hopper(09), feed sleeve(11), feeding packing auger Bar(12), rotary electric machine(15), rotate fixing bearing(16)And shaft bearing fixed bin(25)Composition, wherein hopper(09)Welding It is fixed on burning machine support(08)On, feed sleeve(11)It is welded in hopper(09)Bottom, shaft bearing fixed bin(25)Pass through Screw thread is fixed on feed sleeve(11)Rear portion, rotary electric machine(15)It is fixed on shaft bearing fixed bin(25)Rear portion, rotates and fixes Bearing(16)It is fixed on shaft bearing fixed bin(25)Inside, feeding packing auger bar(12)Concentric co-axial is in feeding packing auger bar(12)、 Rotary electric machine(15)Axle, rotation fixing bearing(16)And shaft bearing fixed bin(25)Fixing hole, is fixed using multiple spot cantilever;
Described bottom air distribution aided synthesis device is main by air distribution header(05), air distribution point wind box(06), air blower(07), it is strong Slagging-off/observation panel processed(10), igniting aid distributing pipe(13), igniting heating rod(14), air distribution header adpting flange(24)Composition, wherein Air distribution header(05)It is used as the core component of the part, air distribution header adpting flange(24)It is welded on its front side and interchangeable sleeve The sleeve nozzle adpting flange of nozzle(23)Fixation is attached, rear board is centrally through welding feed sleeve(11)Supplied with rear portion Material integration unit is attached, aid distributing pipe of lighting a fire(13)Poling is welded on feed sleeve(11)Lower end, forces slagging-off/observation panel (10)Poling is welded on igniting aid distributing pipe(13)Left side, air distribution point wind box(06)It is welded on air distribution header(05)Positive lower end, simultaneously Air distribution point wind box(06)And igniting aid distributing pipe(13)Between using connecting tube air-supply, and air blower(07)It is mounted on air distribution point Wind box(06)On lower interface.
2. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine according to claims 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Combustor device using bilayer sleeve nozzle type gasification, and combustion cell structure as reaction burner hearth, and inside it complete shaping combustion Preheating, pyrolysis, gasification and the combustion heat release of material;Nozzle uses feeding packing auger bar(12)Interval feeding, and refute fiery clear using rotation Apparatus for ash(04)And the air distribution purging of bottom one time is as reaction power, with good anti-coking effect and higher burning effect Rate.
3. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine according to claims 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Combustor device uses feeding packing auger bar(12)And fiery deashing device is refuted in rotation(04)Linkage structure, and combine bottom First air Purging promotes fuel bed to complete dynamic response inside combustor, i.e., shaped fuel is in gasification combustion chamber(22)On dynamic response It is to refute fiery deashing device in rotation(04)Turn over and dial and the lower common realization of bottom First air purging;Wherein fiery deashing device is refuted in rotation (04)It is welded in feeding packing auger bar with one heart(12), pass through coaxial linkage and feeding packing auger bar(12)Synchronized rotation, rotation is refuted fiery clear Apparatus for ash(04)And feeding packing auger bar(12)The overall of formation is fixed using multiple spot side cantilever, and overall rotary power is by rotating electricity Machine(15)There is provided.
4. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine according to claims 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle is as the gasification combustion engine essential core part of the present invention, and article body is using bilayer sleeve knot Structure, nozzle inner walls pipe(01)It is set in outer nozzle wall pipe(02)Inside, nozzle inner walls pipe(01)Internal chamber is used as gasification, and combustion Room(22)For high temperature reaction zone;Nozzle inner walls pipe(01)With outer nozzle wall pipe(02)Between formed cooling wind partition(17), pass through Three air distributions, which are cooled in, plays protection nozzle inner walls pipe(01)While, effectively improve jet combustion efficiency by reclaiming heat.
5. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine according to claims 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Combustor device uses the three-dimensional combustion-supporting air distribution of multidirectional three-level, and combustion air is by air blower(07)Produce and be blown into air distribution header (05), air distribution is in air distribution point wind box(06)The first sub-distribution is carried out, part wind enters igniting aid distributing pipe via connecting tube(13), lead to Cross igniting heating rod(14)Preheating is final by igniting/combustion-supporting air port(19)Into gasification combustion chamber(22);And another part air distribution Then enter air distribution header(05), carry out the second sub-distribution in air distribution header, wherein Part I is via being distributed in igniting air distribution Pipe(13)The combustion-supporting air distribution outlet of master of both sides enters gasification combustion chamber(22)With igniting/combustion-supporting air port(19)Wind mixing collectively as Burn First air, is mainly used in purging bottom and promotes shaped fuel pyrolytic gasification;Part II is via being distributed in feed sleeve (11)The combustion-supporting air distribution outlet of auxiliary on periphery(21)Into gasification combustion chamber(22), and with entering feed sleeve(11)A small amount of expects pipe Sealing gland air distribution is mixed collectively as the secondary air distribution that burns, and is mainly used in volatile combustion;Part III wind is via being distributed in Nozzle inner walls pipe(01)With outer nozzle wall pipe(02)Between cooling air port(18)Into cooling wind partition(17), protected by cooling down Protect nozzle inner walls pipe(01)Recovery heat, and the final discharge flue gas in end and gasification combustion chamber carries out mixed combustion and abundant Heat release.
6. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine according to claims 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Operation belongs to rapid wear consumption part to anterior interchangeable sleeve nozzle at high temperature for a long time, is designed using module replaceableization, front end In outer nozzle wall pipe(02)Upper design and installation nozzle external flange(03)Installation fixation, rear end are carried out for accessories rebuilding body of heater Design and installation sleeve nozzle adpting flange(23)For with air distribution header(05)And system is integrally attached fixation;Sleeve sprays Mouth whole part is connected using the survivor of a murder attempt, can realize part replacement and maintenance with simple and quick.
7. a kind of compact anti-coking nozzle-type biomass combustion machine according to claims 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Nozzle-type combustor uses one-touch start, simplifies operation, wherein for driving rotation to refute fiery deashing device(04)And charging Auger bar(12)The rotary electric machine of rotation(15)Discontinuous operation instruction output is realized using relay FREQUENCY CONTROL, so as to reach tune Save the purpose that combustor runs power;For controlling the combustion-supporting air blower with air quantity(07)Air-supply work(is carried out using silicon-controlled voltage regulation Rate is adjusted, so as to adjust air blower air output according to running status;By calculating combustor material wind proportionate relationship, fitting rotates electricity Machine(15)And air blower(07)Optimal operating parameter;Carry out the parameter setting before use according to fitting data makes so as to significantly simplified The use difficulty of user.
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