CN107142758A - 莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织宽幅提花双色机织物的生产方法 - Google Patents

莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织宽幅提花双色机织物的生产方法 Download PDF

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CN107142758A
CN107142758A CN201710502096.5A CN201710502096A CN107142758A CN 107142758 A CN107142758 A CN 107142758A CN 201710502096 A CN201710502096 A CN 201710502096A CN 107142758 A CN107142758 A CN 107142758A
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CN107142758B (zh
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欧卫国
徐建华
葛忠平
王月华
薛鹏飞
钱银平
丁正品
杨莹莹
杨晓玲
杨静新
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NANTONG ISO SPECIAL FABRIC CO Ltd
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织宽幅提花双色机织物的生产方法,主要生产工艺流程包括翻缝→轻烧毛→轧淀粉酶冷堆退浆→卷染机前处理→卷染机染色→无甲醛防缩整理→抗起毛起球整理→机械预缩→检验包装。产品的经纬向水洗尺寸变化率为 ‑3.0%~+1.0%,抗起毛起球≧4级,耐光牢度为4级,断裂强力≧260N,完全达到优等品质量指标。本发明在常压卷染机上,用低温型分散染料染涤纶长丝,生产工艺简单,操作方便。

Description

莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织宽幅提花双色机织物的生产方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及到一种莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织宽幅提花双色机织物的染整生产技术, 特别是提高机织物抗起毛起球性能和耐光牢度、降低机织物缩水率的印染后整理生产技 术。 技术背景
[0002] 纯莫代尔纤维织物具有吸水性好,染色性佳,手感柔软,悬垂性好,但纯莫代尔纤 维织物强力较低,特别是炜向强力偏低,在印染湿加工和洗涤过程中,容易产生起毛起球疵 点。另外,由于莫代尔纤维织物吸水性太好,织物缩水率比较大,手感太柔软,挺括性和保形 性欠佳,织物抗皱性差。纯涤纶织物具有很高强力,光泽好,价格便宜,但涤纶吸水性极低, 如作为B类纺织品使用,服用性能极差。设计莫代尔纤维纱为经向,涤纶长丝为炜向交织提 花织物,再精心设计染整加工生产工艺,不但织物服用性能很好,而且呈现独特双色颜色, 受到消费者的青睐。莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织宽幅提花双色机织物面料制作的床上用纺织 品,在市场上很受欢迎。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种经炜向水洗尺寸变化率为-3.0%〜+1.0%,抗起毛起 球5 4级,耐光牢度为4级,断裂强力3 260N的莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花双色宽幅机织物 及其生产方法。
[0004] 本发明的技术解决方案是: 一种莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花双色宽幅机织物的生产方法,主要生产工艺流程包括 翻缝4轻烧毛4乳淀粉酶冷堆退浆4卷染机前处理4卷染机染色4无甲醛防缩整理—抗 起毛起球整理4机械预缩4检验包装;其特征是:轻烧毛时,采用一正一反工艺,车速120m/ min,烧毛质量达到4级; 乳淀粉酶冷堆退浆时,退浆液组成:液化型a-淀粉酶2g/L,渗透剂JFC-S 3g/L,pH值6 〜6.5;浸乳液温度50〜55°C,轧车压力0.15〜0.20Mpa,带液率120%,用塑料薄膜包裹,堆置 2h; 只用低温型分散染料染浅灰色时,染色配方为:分散红FB 0.027%owf,分散黄E-460.016%(^;^分散蓝281^ 0.0099%〇*;^高效除油剂6〇〇11105 18凡,醋酸调口115.5,浴比2: 1;卷染工艺为:100°C染4道,车速为120〜130m/min; 用低温型分散染料和诺威克隆活性染料二浴法染豆沙红时,分散染料染色配方为:分 散红FB 0.0088%owf,分散黄E-4G 0.0135%owf,分散蓝2BLN 0.022% owf,高效除油剂 6〇〇11105 1§/1,醋酸调?115.5,浴比2:1;卷染工艺为:100°(:染4道,车速为120〜130111/ min;活性染料染色配方为:诺威克隆红FN-2BL 0.098% owf、诺威克隆黄FN-2R 0.14% 〇wf、诺威克隆蓝FN-R 0.079% owf,元明粉30g/L,纯碱10g/L,浴比2:1;卷染工艺为:织物 进缸—冷水一道—加染料升温至40°C上染四道—40°C元明粉促染二道,其中第一道开始加 2/3元明粉,第二道开始加1/3元明粉—40°C纯碱固色二道,其中第一道开始加2/3纯碱,第 二道开始加1/3纯碱—70 °C固色二道—冷水洗二道—80°C水洗二道—40°C水洗二道— 加醋酸中和一道—冷水出缸;车速为90〜l〇〇m/min; 只用诺威克隆活性染料染玫瑰金色时,染色配方为:诺威克隆红FN-2BL 0.0555% owf、诺威克隆黄FN-2R 0.088% owf、诺威克隆蓝FN-R 0.010% owf,元明粉3〇g/L,纯碱 10g/L,浴比2:1;卷染工艺为:织物进缸—冷水一道—加染料升温至4(TC上染四道—40°C 元明粉促染二道,其中第一道开始加2/3元明粉,第二道开始加1 /3元明粉—40°C纯碱固色 二道,其中第一道开始加2/3纯碱,第二道开始加1/3纯碱—70°C固色二道—冷水洗二道— 80°C水洗二道—40°C水洗二道—加醋酸中和一道—冷水出缸;车速为90〜100m/min; 无甲醛防缩整理时,防缩整理液的组成为: Arkofix NZF 50〜70 g/L MgCl2 • 6H2O 5〜7g/L 其余为水,并用柠檬酸调pH至5.0〜5.5; 防缩整理时通过平幅进布,二浸二乳防缩整理液,带液率65%,110〜120°C松式预烘,超 喂2%〜4%上针板,八格热风焙烘,其中第一〜二格温度150°C,第三〜四格温度160°C,第 五〜八格温度165°C,两个锡林冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜45m/min; 抗起毛起球整理时,抗起毛起球整理液组成为:抗起毛起球整理剂FK-839 10〜14g/ L;抗起毛起球整理工艺为,平幅进布,一浸一轧抗起毛起球整理液,带液率75%,超喂1.5%〜 3%上针板,140〜150°C烘千,冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜50m/min;落布门幅达到100英寸; 机械预缩时,织物均匀给湿,含湿率8%〜10%,橡胶毯承压辊蒸汽压力0.1〜0.15Mpa,呢 毯锡林蒸汽压力〇• 1〜〇• 15Mpa,控制预缩率2%〜4%,布速40〜50m/min。
[0005] 莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织物坯布规格:门幅106英寸,提花组织,第一种纱支数为 M4〇sXT75D,密度为lMXl 15;第二种纱支数为M60S:KT50D,密度为173X160。设计成品门幅98.5 英寸。
[0006] 本发明在常压卷染机上,用低温型分散染料染涤纶长丝,生产工艺简单,操作方 便。利用莫代尔与涤纶长丝对活性染料和分散染料反应性能差别和提花组织结构,无论单 独用低温型分散染料或活性染料染色,还是同时用低温型分散染料和活性染料二浴法染 色,织物都会产生双色效果。产品的经纬向水洗尺寸变化率在-3.0%与+1.0%之间,抗起毛 起球3 4级,耐光牢度4级,断裂强力兰260N,产品性能优异。
[0007] 下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步说明。
具体实施方式
[0008] 实施例1: 莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花组织坯布门幅106英寸,纱支数为M40sXT75D,密度为 173X115。
[0009] —种莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花双色宽幅机织物的生产方法,主要生产工艺流程 包括翻缝—轻烧毛—轧淀粉酶冷堆退浆—卷染机前处理—卷染机染色—无甲醛防缩整理 —抗起毛起球整理—机械预缩—检验包装;其特征是:轻烧毛时,采用一正一反工艺,车速 120m/min,烧毛质量达到4级; 乳淀粉酶冷堆退浆时,退浆液组成:液化型a-淀粉酶2g/L,渗透剂JFC-S3g/L,pH值6〜 6.5。 浸乳液温度50〜55°C,轧车压力0.15〜0.20Mpa,带液率120%,用塑料薄膜包裹,堆置 2h〇
[0010]只用低温型分散染料染浅灰色时,染色配方为:分散红FB 〇.〇27%(owf),分散黄E-460.016%((^:〇,分散蓝281^ 0.0099%(_;〇,高效除油剂6〇〇11105 1§凡,醋酸调?^15.5,浴 比2:1。卷染工艺为:100°C染4道,车速为120〜130m/min。
[0011] 无甲醛防缩整理时,防缩整理液的组成为: Arkofix NZF 50〜70 g/L MgC12 • 6H20 5〜7g/L 其余为水,并用柠檬酸调pH至5.0〜5.5 ; 防缩整理时通过平幅进布,二浸二乳防缩整理液,带液率65%,110〜120 °C松式预烘,超 喂2%〜4%上针板,八格热风焙烘,其中第一〜二格温度150°C,第三〜四格温度160°C,第 五〜八格温度165°C,两个锡林冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜45m/min。
[0012] 抗起毛起球整理时,抗起毛起球整理液组成为:抗起毛起球整理剂FK-S3910〜 14g/L。抗起毛起球整理工艺为,平幅进布,一浸一乳抗起毛起球整理液,带液率75%,超喂 1.5%〜3%上针板,140〜150 °C烘千,冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜50m/min。落布门幅达到100 英寸。
[0013] 机械预缩时,织物均匀给湿,含湿率8%〜10%,橡胶毯承压辊蒸汽压力〇• 1〜 0.15Mpa,呢毯锡林蒸汽压力0.1〜0.15Mpa,控制预缩率2%〜4%,布速40〜50m/min。
[0014]产品的经、炜向水洗尺寸变化率分别为-2.5.0%、-l.2%,抗起毛起球4级,耐光牢 度4级,经向断裂强力280N。
[0015] 实施例2: 莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花组织坯布门幅106英寸,纱支数为M60sXT50D,密度为173 X160。
[0016] 一种莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花双色宽幅机织物的生产方法,主要生产工艺流程 包括翻缝—轻烧毛—乳淀粉酶冷堆退浆—卷染机前处理—卷染机染色—无甲醛防缩整理 —抗起毛起球整理—机械预缩—检验包装;其特征是:轻烧毛时,采用一正一反工艺,车速 120m/min,烧毛质量达到4级; 轧淀粉酶冷堆退浆时,退浆液组成:液化型a-淀粉酶2g/L,渗透剂JFC-S:3g/L,pH值6〜 6.5。 浸轧液温度5〇〜55°(:,乳车压力〇_15〜0.201^&,带液率120%,用塑料薄膜包裹,堆置 2h〇
[0017]用低温型分散染料和诺威克隆活性染料二浴法染豆沙红时,分散染料染色配方 为:分散红FB 0.0088%(owf),分散黄E-4G 0.0135%(owf),分散蓝2BLN 0.022% (owf),高效 除油剂G〇〇nl05 lg/L,醋酸调pH 5.5,浴比2:1。卷染工艺为:100°C染4道,车速为120〜 130m/min。活性染料染色配方为:诺威克隆红FN-2BL 0.098%(owf)、诺威克隆黄FN-2R 0.14%(owf)、诺威克隆蓝FN-R 0.079%(owf),元明粉30g/L,纯碱10g/L,浴比2:1。卷染工艺 为:织物进缸—冷水一道—加染料升温至40°C上染四道—4(TC元明粉促染二道(第一道开 始加2/3元明粉,第二道开始加1/3元明粉)—40°C纯碱固色二道(第一道开始加2/3纯碱, 第二道开始加1/3纯碱)—70°C固色二道—冷水洗二道-> 8(TC水洗二道—40°C水洗二道 —加醋酸中和一道—冷水出缸。车速为9〇〜l〇〇m/min。
[0018] 无甲醛防缩整理时,防缩整理液的组成为: Arkofix NZF 50~70 g/L MgC12 • 6H20 5〜7g/L 其余为水,并用柠檬酸调pH至5.0〜5.5 ; 防缩整理时通过平幅进布,二浸二轧防缩整理液,带液率65%,110〜120°C松式预烘,超 喂2%〜4%上针板,八格热风焙烘,其中第一〜二格温度150。(:,第三〜四格温度160°C,第 五〜八格温度165°C,两个锡林冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜45m/min。
[0019]抗起毛起球整理时,抗起毛起球整理液组成为:抗起毛起球整理剂FK-83910〜 Mg/L。抗起毛起球整理工艺为,平幅进布,一浸一乳抗起毛起球整理液,带液率75%,超喂 I.5%〜3%上针板,14〇〜15(TC烘干,冷却落布步骤,车速为4〇〜5〇m/min。落布门幅达到100 英寸。
[0020]机械预缩时,织物均匀给湿,含湿率8 %〜i 〇 %,橡胶毯承压辊蒸汽压力0 • i〜 〇.l5Mpa,f毯锡林蒸汽压力〇•!〜 〇_15Mpa,控制预缩率2%〜4%,布速4〇〜5〇m/min。
[0021]产品的经、纬向水洗尺寸变化率分别为—nom。,抗起毛起球4级,耐光牢 度4级,经向断裂强力270N。

Claims (2)

1. 一种莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花双色宽幅机织物的生产方法,其特征是:采用莫代 尔与涤纶长丝交织物坯布,依次经:翻缝4轻烧毛4轧淀粉酶冷堆退浆4卷染机前处理4 卷染机染色4无甲醛防缩整理—抗起毛起球整理4机械预缩4检验包装;轻烧毛时,采用 一正一反工艺,车速12〇m/min,烧毛质量达到4级; 乳淀粉酶冷堆退浆时,退浆液组成:液化型a-淀粉酶2g/L,渗透剂JFC-S 3g/L,pH值6 〜6.5;浸乳液温度50〜55°C,乳车压力0.15〜0.20Mpa,带液率120%,用塑料薄膜包裹,堆置 2h; 只用低温型分散染料染浅灰色时,染色配方为:分散红FB 0.027%owf,分散黄E-4G0.016%owf,分散蓝2BLN 0.0099%owf,高效除油剂Goonl05 lg/L,醋酸调pH 5.5,浴比2: 1;卷染工艺为:l〇〇°C染4道,车速为120〜130m/min; 用低温型分散染料和诺威克隆活性染料二浴法染豆沙红时,分散染料染色配方为:分 散红FB 0.0088%owf,分散黄E-4G 0.0135%owf,分散蓝2BLN 0.022% owf,高效除油剂 Goonl05 lg/L,醋酸调pH 5.5,浴比2:1;卷染工艺为:100°C染4道,车速为120〜130m/ min;活性染料染色配方为:诺威克隆红FN-2BL 0.098% owf、诺威克隆黄FN-2R 0.14% 〇wf、诺威克隆蓝FN-R 0.079% owf,元明粉30g/L,纯碱10g/L,浴比2:1;卷染工艺为:织物 进缸—冷水一道—加染料升温至40°C上染四道—40°C元明粉促染二道,其中第一道开始加 2/3元明粉,第二道开始加1/3元明粉-> 40°C纯碱固色二道,其中第一道开始加2/3纯碱,第 二道开始加1/3纯碱—70 °C固色二道—冷水洗二道—80 °C水洗二道—40 °C水洗二道— 加醋酸中和一道—冷水出缸;车速为90〜100m/min; 只用诺威克隆活性染料染玫瑰金色时,染色配方为:诺威克隆红FN-2BL 0.0555% 〇wf、诺威克隆黄FN_2R 0.088% owf、诺威克隆蓝FN-R 0.010% owf,元明粉30g/L,纯碱 l〇g/L,浴比2:1;卷染工艺为:织物进缸—冷水一道—加染料升温至40°C上染四道—40°C 元明粉促染二道,其中第一道开始加2/3元明粉,第二道开始加1/3元明粉—4(TC纯碱固色 二道,其中第一道开始加2/3纯碱,第二道开始加1/3纯碱—7(TC固色二道—冷水洗二道― 80°C水洗二道—40°C水洗二道—加醋酸中和一道—冷水出缸;车速为90〜100m/min; 无甲醛防缩整理时,防缩整理液的组成为: Arkofix NZF 50〜70 g/L MgCl2 • 6H2O 5〜7g/L 其余为水,并用柠檬酸调PH至5.0〜5.5; 防缩整理时通过平幅进布,二浸二轧防缩整理液,带液率65%,110〜120°C松式预烘,超 喂2%〜4%上针板,八格热风焙烘,其中第一〜二格温度150°C,第三〜四格温度l6〇°C,第 五〜八格温度16f5°C,两个锡林冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜45m/min; 抗起毛起球整理时,抗起毛起球整理液组成为:抗起毛起球整理剂FK-839 10〜14g/ L;抗起毛起球整理工艺为,平幅进布,一浸一轧抗起毛起球整理液,带液率75%,超喂1 •5%〜 3 %上针板,140〜150 °C烘干,冷却落布步骤,车速为40〜50m/min;落布门幅达到100英寸; 机械预缩时,织物均匀给湿,含湿率8%〜10%,橡胶毯承压辊蒸汽压力0.1〜0.15Mpa,呢 毯锡林蒸汽压力〇• 1〜0• l5Mpa,控制预缩率2%〜4%,布速40〜50m/min。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织提花双色宽幅机织物的生产方法,其 特征是:莫代尔与涤纶长丝交织物坯布规格:门幅106英寸,提花组织,第一种纱支数为 M40SXT75D,密度为173X115;第二种纱支数为M60SXT50D,密度为173X160;设计成品门幅98.5 英寸。
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