CN107138007A - A kind of flue gas processing device of hypergravity from supercharging self-cleaning - Google Patents

A kind of flue gas processing device of hypergravity from supercharging self-cleaning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107138007A
CN107138007A CN201710356778.XA CN201710356778A CN107138007A CN 107138007 A CN107138007 A CN 107138007A CN 201710356778 A CN201710356778 A CN 201710356778A CN 107138007 A CN107138007 A CN 107138007A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
turbine fan
water tank
flue gas
processing device
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CN201710356778.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107138007B (en
Inventor
张海运
冯世哲
降文鹤
杨勇
陈家闰
于致远
汪田
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN201710356778.XA priority Critical patent/CN107138007B/en
Publication of CN107138007A publication Critical patent/CN107138007A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/40Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00 and B01D47/00

Abstract

It is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly the invention discloses a kind of hypergravity, flue gas processing device is to substitute a certain section of flue to carry out oil smoke processing, the present apparatus rotates centrifugal force field forming a kind of stabilization, can adjusting using turbine fan instead of conventional articulated gravity, oil smoke absorbing liquid sprays from spray hole, accelerate in the presence of super gravity field, shear and collision, form uniform liquid mist, fully contact and absorb with the oil smoke molecule in flue gas, solid gas-liquid separation is carried out using high-gravity technology, with relatively higher separative efficiency.The cooking fume after processing is solved from supercharging principle probably due to the problem of pressure is not enough difficult to discharge using turbine fan.Self-cleaning refers to the aperture by being designed on the blade of turbine fan, with reference to super-gravity device, produce sharp impacts with the cleaning solution of bleeder and produce the oil smoke small molecule that may be adhered to inside water smoke, natural cleaning device, the cleaning inside device is reduced, the work of manpower is alleviated.

Description

A kind of flue gas processing device of hypergravity from supercharging self-cleaning
Technical field
The present invention is used for cooking fume control equipment field, more particularly to a kind of new cooking fume purification handling device.
Background technology
Along with the development of China's tertiary industry, catering trade proportion in urban economy is increasing.And due to The culinary art custom of China, can generate a large amount of oil smoke without dealing carefully with, and contain substantial amounts of carcinogen in oil smoke, seriously It is detrimental to health, in addition, pollution of the oil smoke to air ambient is also extremely serious, at present in Surveying of Urban Air Pollution Sources, oil smoke Pollution is one of main pollution sources.More seriously, remaining of the oil smoke in smoke discharging pipe also brings along the hidden danger such as fire. The problems such as kitchen fumes are to pollution and the potential safety hazard of air has been received more and more attention.At present, oil smoke of catering industry is net Change technology mainly has inertial separation method, fabric filtration method, electrostatic deposition, liquid scrubbing method etc., and various methods all exist certain Defect and deficiency, such as:The partition method of machinery is very poor to the removal capacity of gaseous contaminant, and fabric filtration method is due to the spy of itself Property the use of itself is received many limitations, electrostatic methods can not remove gaseous contaminant, and liquid scrubbing method easily produces two Secondary pollution, and operating cost.Therefore, it is current urgently to be resolved hurrily to invent a kind of more efficient, economic, convenient apparatus for treating cooking fume The problem of.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:For above-mentioned prior art, propose a kind of hypergravity from the Novel flue gas processing dress for being pressurized self-cleaning Put, realize the purification separation processing of catering trade flue flue gas, and have from net effect.
Technical scheme:A kind of hypergravity is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly, including provided with smoke-intake pipe and blast pipe Shell, the outer casing bottom is provided with discharging tube, turbine fan, one end that the turbine fan passes through centre bore is provided with the shell Fix on the rotary shaft, and driven by the motor of outer side, the smoke-intake pipe is located at the air inlet side of nearly turbine fan, Some connection turbine fan centre bores are distributed with the air outlet slit side of the nearly turbine fan of blast pipe, the air channel of the turbine fan Spray hole, the other end of the turbine fan centre bore is tightly connected with feed tube, and the feed tube connection is located at the water in water tank Absorbing liquid is provided with pump, the water tank;Some micro through holes are densely covered with the blade of the turbine fan, percent opening is more than 55%.
Further, the absorbing liquid is the mixed aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide and fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate, wherein hydroxide The mass concentration of sodium is 1%, and the mass concentration of fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate is 1%.
Further, the water tank is provided with controller and the filling pipe with liquid inlet control valve, the water tank and is provided with Level sensor, the controller connects the liquid inlet control valve and level sensor.
Further, the discharging tube is communicated in the water tank, and cooling-water temperature sensor, the water are additionally provided with the water tank Bottom portion is provided with the leakage fluid dram with discharge opeing control valve, and the cooling-water temperature sensor, discharge opeing control valve and motor are all connected to institute Controller is stated, the electric motor operation is stopped when the absorbing liquid temperature that cooling-water temperature sensor is detected in water tank is higher than setting value.
Beneficial effect:Flue gas processing device of the present invention is to substitute a certain section of flue to carry out oil smoke processing, because being arranged on At original flue, so being in a kind of adverse circumstances of the high oil of high temperature, the present apparatus rotates to form a kind of stable using turbine fan , the centrifugal force field that can be adjusted replace conventional articulated gravity, oil smoke absorbing liquid sprays from spray hole, in the presence of super gravity field Accelerate, shear and collide, form uniform liquid mist, fully contact and absorb with the oil smoke molecule in flue gas, utilize hypergravity skill Art carries out solid gas-liquid separation, with relatively higher separative efficiency.The oil after processing is solved from supercharging principle using turbine fan Flue gas is probably due to the problem of pressure is not enough difficult to discharge.Self-cleaning refers to small by what is designed on the blade of turbine fan Hole, with reference to super-gravity device, produces sharp impacts with the cleaning solution of bleeder and produces water smoke, natural cleaning device inside may The oil smoke small molecule of adhesion, reduces the cleaning inside device, alleviates the work of manpower.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is apparatus of the present invention and the connection diagram of existing flue.
Embodiment
The present invention is done below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and further explained.
As described in Figure 1, a kind of hypergravity is from the flue gas processing device for being pressurized self-cleaning, including provided with smoke-intake pipe 4 and is vented The cylindrical shell of pipe 5, outer casing bottom, which is provided with discharging tube 6, shell, is provided with turbine fan 2, one end that turbine fan 2 passes through centre bore It is fixed in rotary shaft 1, and is driven by the motor 16 at the top of outer side, turbine fan 2 and the junction of rotary shaft 1 is close Envelope.In this implementation, the blade of turbine fan 2 is stainless steel material, and totally 8, uniformly micro through hole, percent opening 55% are densely covered with blade More than.Smoke-intake pipe 4 is located at the air inlet side of nearly turbine fan 2, the air outlet slit side of the nearly turbine fan 2 of blast pipe 5.Turbine fan 2 The spray hole 3 of some connection centre bores of turbine fan 2 is distributed with air channel, the other end and the feed tube 7 of the centre bore of turbine fan 2 are sealed Connection, the connection of feed tube 7, which is located in the water pump 14 in water tank 15, water tank 15, is provided with absorbing liquid.Absorbing liquid is sodium hydroxide and fat The mass concentration of the mixed aqueous solution of fat ether sulfate, wherein sodium hydroxide is 1%, the mass concentration of fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate For 1%.
Water tank 15, which is provided with controller 11 and the filling pipe 10 with liquid inlet control valve 9, water tank 15, is provided with level sensor Device 8, the connection liquid inlet control valve 9 of controller 11 and level sensor 8.Discharging tube 6 is communicated in water tank 15, is additionally provided with water tank 15 Cooling-water temperature sensor 12, the bottom of water tank 15 be provided with the leakage fluid dram with discharge opeing control valve 13, cooling-water temperature sensor 12, discharge opeing control valve 13 with And motor 16 is all connected to controller 11, when the absorbing liquid temperature that cooling-water temperature sensor 12 is detected in water tank is higher than setting value Stop motor 16 to work.
The smoke-intake pipe 4 of above-mentioned flue gas processing device is communicated by flue with the food and drink kitchen range top, and blast pipe 5 passes through flue and blower fan It is connected.In device, motor 16 is terminated in rotary shaft 1, rotary shaft 1 can drive cellular type turbine fan 2 to rotate at a high speed.Water pump 14 is by water tank Absorbing liquid in 15 sends into the centre bore of turbine fan through feed tube 7, and the through hole for connecting air channel from turbine fan centre hole side wall sprays, And spray and adsorb on the blade of turbine fan with certain speed.Turbine fan 2 rotates at a high speed, is adsorbed in the absorbing liquid on its blade Obtained high speed by centrifugal action, drop is walked in the micro through hole of turbine fan leaf, collided, and finally with shell Wall high-speed impact forms superfine liquid mist.Oil smoke is fully contacted after the entrance device of smoke-intake pipe 4 with liquid mist, and liquid mist is inhaled Receive and outer casing bottom is deposited to after fat particles and solid particle in oil smoke, waste liquid by discharging tube 6 through that can be back to water tank 15, only Oil smoke after change is via the discharger of blast pipe 5.
Using in the turbine fan with micro through hole, turbine fan high-speed rotation on blade, the absorption on its surface is adsorbed Liquid accelerates step by step under the influence of centrifugal force, is finally hit with the wall of high speed and cylindrical shell, forms liquid mist To adsorb oil smoke and reach the effect inside cleaning device;Meanwhile, being designed as the turbine flabellum with certain porosity can keep away Exempt from the excessive negative effect of flue gas pressure drop, play the effect of supercharging.
Water tank 15 is set in the lower section of device, and the main function of water tank is storage absorbing liquid and Recycling of waste liquid to reach circulation profit Purpose.Cooling-water temperature sensor 12 and level sensor 8 are provided with water tank.As fluid temperature is too high, alarms and stop device Work;Control liquid inlet control valve 9 to open by controller 11 if absorbing liquid deficiency in case, be automatically replenished absorbing liquid.
After some time of use, the shell wall of device and turbine fan surface inevitably still have grease etc. Spot is adhered to.In order to further clean attachment spot, now running gear is not simultaneously temporarily passed through oil smoke, in the water of bleeder The middle detergent formation cleaning solution for adding special ratios, the wash liquid droplet produced by device can further clean wall And turbine fan, spot is deposited to bottom of device and is discharged into water tank.Cleaning solution is sodium n-alkylbenzenesulfonate and fatty alcohol ether sulfuric acid The mass concentration of the mixed aqueous solution of sodium, wherein sodium n-alkylbenzenesulfonate is 1%, and the mass concentration of fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate is 1%.
After device has used certain time, absorbing liquid is absorbed after enough greasy dirt and flue gas particle, its absorbent properties It has been declined that, now need the absorbing liquid that liquid is discharged and more renewed by discharge opeing control valve 13, make absorption of the device to oil smoke Property retention is efficient.
The flue gas processing device of the present invention is using hypergravity stable equipment operation, easy to operate, equipment volume be small, gas phase pressure The features such as big small, gas-liquid contact face, low cost, self-cleaning is dropped, overcomes and is set present in domestic and international existing technology for cooking fume control The deficiencies such as standby big, cost height, fume purifying rate reaches more than 90%, is a kind of high purification efficiency, low equipment cost, all kinds of food and drink The general fume purifier of fume of industry.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of hypergravity is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly, it is characterised in that:Including provided with smoke-intake pipe (4) and exhaust The shell of (5) is managed, the outer casing bottom, which is provided with discharging tube (6), the shell, is provided with porous turbine fan (2), the turbine fan (2) be fixed in rotary shaft (1), and driven by the motor (16) of outer side by one end of centre bore, it is described enter cigarette Manage the air inlet side that (4) are located at nearly turbine fan (2), the air outlet slit side of the nearly turbine fan (2) of the blast pipe (5), the whirlpool The spray hole (3) of some connection turbine fan (2) centre bores is distributed with the air channel of wheel fan (2), turbine fan (2) centre bore The other end is tightly connected with feed tube (7), and feed tube (7) connection is located at the water pump (14) in water tank (15), the water tank (15) absorbing liquid is provided with;Some micro through holes are densely covered with the blade of the turbine fan (2), percent opening is more than 55%.
2. hypergravity according to claim 1 is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly, it is characterised in that:It is described to absorb Liquid is the mixed aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide and fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate, and wherein the mass concentration of sodium hydroxide is 1%, fatty alcohol ether The mass concentration of sodium sulphate is 1%.
3. hypergravity according to claim 1 or 2 is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly, it is characterised in that:It is described Water tank (15), which is provided with controller (11) and the filling pipe (10) with liquid inlet control valve (9), the water tank (15), is provided with water Level sensor (8), the controller (11) connects the liquid inlet control valve (9) and level sensor (8).
4. hypergravity according to claim 3 is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly, it is characterised in that:The discharge opeing Pipe (6) is communicated in the water tank (15), and cooling-water temperature sensor (12), water tank (15) bottom are additionally provided with the water tank (15) Provided with the leakage fluid dram with discharge opeing control valve (13), the cooling-water temperature sensor (12), discharge opeing control valve (13) and motor (16) The controller (11) is all connected to, is stopped when the absorbing liquid temperature that cooling-water temperature sensor (12) is detected in water tank is higher than setting value Only motor (16) work.
5. hypergravity according to claim 1 is pressurized the flue gas processing device of self-cleaning certainly, it is characterised in that:Also include adding The cleaning solution in the water tank (15) is added to, the cleaning solution is the mixing of sodium n-alkylbenzenesulfonate and fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate The mass concentration of the aqueous solution, wherein sodium n-alkylbenzenesulfonate is 1%, and the mass concentration of fatty alcohol-ether sodium sulfate is 1%.
CN201710356778.XA 2017-05-19 2017-05-19 Flue gas treatment device of hypergravity self-pressurization self-cleaning Active CN107138007B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108905437A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-30 冯梦楠 A kind of filtrating equipment of flue gas for laparoscopic surgery
CN110124414A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-08-16 柳保来 Boiler, kiln exhaust gas treating device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101664621A (en) * 2008-09-02 2010-03-10 徐志远 Flue-gas dust removal and purification device
CN102678226A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-19 三一重工股份有限公司 Oil filter driving device, oil filter driving method, oil filter and engineering machinery
CN103007669A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-03 苏州弘贸纺织有限公司 Textile dust removal device
CN103463829A (en) * 2013-09-07 2013-12-25 中北大学 Mass transfer and reaction equipment for reverse airflow shearing and rotating packed bed
CN105854423A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-17 河北天善生物技术有限公司 Collision type separator and biomass comprehensive utilization system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101664621A (en) * 2008-09-02 2010-03-10 徐志远 Flue-gas dust removal and purification device
CN102678226A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-19 三一重工股份有限公司 Oil filter driving device, oil filter driving method, oil filter and engineering machinery
CN103007669A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-03 苏州弘贸纺织有限公司 Textile dust removal device
CN103463829A (en) * 2013-09-07 2013-12-25 中北大学 Mass transfer and reaction equipment for reverse airflow shearing and rotating packed bed
CN105854423A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-17 河北天善生物技术有限公司 Collision type separator and biomass comprehensive utilization system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108905437A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-30 冯梦楠 A kind of filtrating equipment of flue gas for laparoscopic surgery
CN108905437B (en) * 2018-07-25 2020-11-13 牛爱菊 Flue gas filtering device for laparoscopic surgery
CN110124414A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-08-16 柳保来 Boiler, kiln exhaust gas treating device

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