CN107135805A - A kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition - Google Patents

A kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107135805A
CN107135805A CN201710302365.3A CN201710302365A CN107135805A CN 107135805 A CN107135805 A CN 107135805A CN 201710302365 A CN201710302365 A CN 201710302365A CN 107135805 A CN107135805 A CN 107135805A
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China
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parts
asparagus
culture medium
nutrition
young crops
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Pending
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CN201710302365.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周光亮
胡婷
汤寒峰
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Anhui Copper Fairy Edible Fungus Technology Co Ltd
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Anhui Copper Fairy Edible Fungus Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710302365.3A priority Critical patent/CN107135805A/en
Publication of CN107135805A publication Critical patent/CN107135805A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C11/00Other nitrogenous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition, comprise the following steps:Prepare culture medium:8 10 parts of Rape seed cake fertilizer, 32 37 parts of pretreated corn young crops, 22 25 parts of wheat bran, 57 parts of sucrose, 34 parts of gypsum, 8 11 parts of zeolite powder, 8 12 parts of radix bupleuri, 24 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 3.5 4.5 parts of dried orange peel, 0.5 0.8 parts of Trichoderma harzianum agent, 1.2 1.8 parts of polyglutamic acid;Wherein, the pretreatment of corn young crops is:Young crops stalk before the corn florescence is collected, is dried to the 16wt% of water content 12, particle diameter is crushed to for 0.5 0.8cm;Pack, sterilizing cooling, inoculated and cultured:The asparagus gemma mycelia for taking 0.5% by the percentage by weight of culture medium is accessed in culture medium.The implantation methods of the asparagus of the present invention, when preparing culture medium, use corn young crops and zeolite powder for primary raw material, contain the nutriments such as abundant mineral matter, cellulose, protein, starch and trace element, make that the asparagus of plantation is nutritious, raw material is easy to get, and cost is low.

Description

A kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting edible mushroom technical field, it is related to a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition.
Background technology
Edible mushroom is the higher fungus that a class has large-scale edible fructification, with unique health value, containing abundant Protein and amino acid, its content are several times to tens times of general vegetables and fruit.Edible mushroom includes mushroom, White mushroom, gold Pin mushroom, coprinus comatus, flat mushroom, Brazilian mushroom, Hericium erinaceus.Heterotrophic organism according to edible mushroom, mainly during planting edible mushroom The characteristics of being lived by decomposing organic matter is come the cultivation formula needed for the edible mushroom normal growth that determines.In existing cultivation formula, Inorganic fertilizer is added mostly, and such as carbon ammonium, sulphur ammonium, phosphate fertilizer cause edible mushroom fast-growth, but the nutrient composition content of edible mushroom Few, bacterium fragrance is light, so that result in edible mushroom can not effectively promote.
The substituting stuff cultivation of edible mushroom includes cultivation in raw material, clinker cultivation and fermentation material cultivation.Cultivation in raw material refer to according to Just compost is added water the method that edible fungus culturing is directly used in after mixing thoroughly;Clinker cultivation refers to compost adds water according to formula Mix thoroughly, pack, sterilize after inoculate the method for culturing edible fungus;Fermentation material cultivation refer to add water compost mix thoroughly after through fermentation To kill harmful miscellaneous bacteria and worm's ovum, and compost is set to become thoroughly decomposed, the method for being subsequently used for edible fungus culturing.Cotton for cultivation in raw material The materials such as seed shell must be fresh, does not lump, does not go mouldy, temperature is below 15 DEG C.For clinker and the material of fermentation material cultivation not Must be fresh, high temperature, low temperature season.Cultivation matrix is the place for the various nutriments that edible mushroom depends on for existence.Using In the case of kind and growing environment condition identical, using matrix is different, formula is different, matrix processing mode is different, eat All difference such as yield, quality, local flavor of bacterium.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition, comprises the following steps:
(1) culture medium is prepared:The formula and its parts by weight of culture medium be:It is 8-10 parts of Rape seed cake fertilizer, pretreated 32-37 parts of corn young crops, 22-25 parts of wheat bran, 5-7 parts of sucrose, 3-4 parts of gypsum, 8-11 parts of zeolite powder, 8-12 parts of radix bupleuri, radix glycyrrhizae 2-4 parts, 3.5-4.5 parts of dried orange peel, 0.5-0.8 parts of Trichoderma harzianum agent, 1.2-1.8 parts of polyglutamic acid;Wherein, the pre- place of corn young crops Manage and be:Young crops stalk before the corn florescence is collected, is dried to water content 12-16wt%, particle diameter is crushed to for 0.5-0.8cm;
Each raw material is weighed by weight, each raw material is mixed evenly, then added water, and is maintained at culture medium moisture content 48-56%, then mixed material is sent into fermenting cellar, fermentation 36-48 hours is carried out at 35-40 DEG C;
(2) pack:Culture medium is dispensed into non-woven bag with sack filling machine, the non-woven bag of charged is put into the collar, As cultivating bag;
(3) sterilizing cooling:By cultivating bag cotton beyond the Great Wall, moisture-proofing film is covered, sterilizing position is moved on to and stacks, be warming up to 120 DEG C, Insulation sterilizes for 17 hours, and sterilizing makes the temperature in sterilizing chamber near 20 DEG C in 48 hours after terminating;
(4) inoculated and cultured:The asparagus gemma mycelia for taking 0.5% by the percentage by weight of culture medium is accessed in culture medium.
Further, in step (4), after asparagus gemma mycelia access culture medium, first lucifuge culture, cultivation temperature is kept At 25 DEG C, culture humidity is 30%, incubation time 60 days.
Further, after incubation time 60, the collar and cotton are taken down, aging fungus block is removed, illumination cultivation, culture is carried out Temperature is 10 DEG C, and culture humidity is 50%, and illumination, illumination requirement are carried out with fluorescent lamp:800lux, irradiates 12 hours, stimulon Entity is formed, and after after long fruiting flower bud, carrying out dredging flower bud, is dredged flower bud and is controlled 2, selects the mushroom flower bud extended to sack, mushroom lid is circular.
Further, management is aerated in incubation:Once in the morning and once at night, every time 5 minutes;Temperature treatment:Fruiting mistake The temperature control of Cheng Zhong culturing room is at 15 DEG C, and the temperature control of culturing room is at 10 DEG C when the later stage is ripe.
Further, present invention additionally comprises the harvesting management process after step (4):When acupuncture needle massee fruiting bodies length is to 4 centimetres, It should in time harvest, after harvesting, be put into precooling 6 hours in 2 DEG C of freezers, mushroom shape then be arranged under the conditions of 18 DEG C, most Dispensed afterwards with polypropylene knuckle polybag, vacuumize and tighten sack and be moved into preservation in 0 DEG C of freezer.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) implantation methods of asparagus of the invention, when preparing culture medium, it is main to use corn young crops and zeolite powder Raw material, containing nutriments such as abundant mineral matter, cellulose, protein, starch and trace elements, seeks the asparagus of plantation Support abundant, raw material is easy to get, and cost is low;
(2) radix bupleuri, radix glycyrrhizae and polyglutamic acid are added in culture medium of the present invention, both supplemented with trace element, gold is improved again The nutritional ingredient of pin mushroom, the asparagus for going out plantation has the effect of high nutrition;
(3) in planting process of the present invention, first lucifuge culture, then illumination cultivation, in incubation, reed time controll temperature and wet Degree and intensity of illumination, the yield of flammulina velutipes of production are high, and asparagus is not limited by natural environmental condition, stay in grade.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is purged below in conjunction with embodiment, is fully described by, it is clear that described reality It is only a part of embodiment of the invention to apply example, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is general All other embodiment that logical technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to what the present invention was protected Scope.
Embodiment 1
A kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition, comprises the following steps:
(1) culture medium is prepared:The formula and its parts by weight of culture medium be:10 parts of Rape seed cake fertilizer, pretreated jade 32 parts of meter Qing Miao, 25 parts of wheat bran, 5 parts of sucrose, 4 parts of gypsum, 8 parts of zeolite powder, 12 parts of radix bupleuri, 2 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 4.5 parts of dried orange peel, Ha Ci 0.5 part of trichoderma agent, 1.8 parts of polyglutamic acid;Wherein, the pretreatment of corn young crops is:Young crops stalk before the corn florescence is collected, is dried To water content 12wt%, particle diameter is crushed to for 0.8cm;
Each raw material is weighed by weight, each raw material is mixed evenly, then added water, and is maintained at culture medium moisture content 48%, then mixed material is sent into fermenting cellar, fermentation 36 hours is carried out at 40 DEG C;
(2) pack:Culture medium is dispensed into non-woven bag with sack filling machine, the non-woven bag of charged is put into the collar, As cultivating bag;
(3) sterilizing cooling:By cultivating bag cotton beyond the Great Wall, moisture-proofing film is covered, sterilizing position is moved on to and stacks, be warming up to 120 DEG C, Insulation sterilizes for 17 hours, and sterilizing makes the temperature in sterilizing chamber near 20 DEG C in 48 hours after terminating;
(4) inoculated and cultured:The asparagus gemma mycelia for taking 0.5% by the percentage by weight of culture medium is accessed in culture medium, First lucifuge culture, cultivation temperature is maintained at 25 DEG C, and culture humidity is 30%, incubation time 60 days;Then the collar and cotton are taken Under, aging fungus block is removed, illumination cultivation is carried out, cultivation temperature is 10 DEG C, and culture humidity is 50%, and illumination is carried out with fluorescent lamp, Illumination requirement:800lux, irradiates 12 hours, stimulates fruit-body formation, after after long fruiting flower bud, carrying out dredging flower bud, dredges flower bud and controls 2, Select the mushroom flower bud extended to sack, mushroom lid is circular;Ventilating management in incubation:Once in the morning and once at night, every time 5 minutes;Temperature pipe Reason:The temperature control of culturing room is at 15 DEG C during fruiting, and the temperature control of culturing room is at 10 DEG C when the later stage is ripe;
(5) harvesting management:When acupuncture needle massee fruiting bodies length is to 4 centimetres, it should harvesting in time, after harvesting, 2 DEG C of freezers are put into Interior precooling 6 hours, then arranges mushroom shape under the conditions of 18 DEG C, is finally dispensed with polypropylene knuckle polybag, vacuumizes bundle Tight sack is simultaneously moved into preservation in 0 DEG C of freezer.
Embodiment 2
Prepare culture medium:The formula and its parts by weight of culture medium be:8 parts of Rape seed cake fertilizer, pretreated maize stalks 37 parts of seedling, 22 parts of wheat bran, 7 parts of sucrose, 3 parts of gypsum, 11 parts of zeolite powder, 8 parts of radix bupleuri, 4 parts of radix glycyrrhizae, 3.5 parts of dried orange peel, Trichoderma harzianum 0.8 part of agent, 1.2 parts of polyglutamic acid;Wherein, the pretreatment of corn young crops is:Young crops stalk before the corn florescence is collected, is dried to containing After water 16wt%, particle diameter is crushed to for 0.5cm;
Each raw material is weighed by weight, each raw material is mixed evenly, then added water, and is maintained at culture medium moisture content 56%, then mixed material is sent into fermenting cellar, fermentation 48 hours is carried out at 35 DEG C;
Other step be the same as Examples 1.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment is only intended to help and illustrates the present invention.Preferred embodiment is not detailed All details of narration, it is only described embodiment that the invention is not limited yet.Obviously, according to the content of this specification, It can make many modifications and variations.This specification is chosen and specifically describes these embodiments, is to preferably explain the present invention Principle and practical application so that skilled artisan can be best understood by and utilize the present invention.The present invention is only Limited by claims and its four corner and equivalent.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) culture medium is prepared:The formula and its parts by weight of culture medium be:8-10 parts of Rape seed cake fertilizer, pretreated corn 32-37 parts of young crops, 22-25 parts of wheat bran, 5-7 parts of sucrose, 3-4 parts of gypsum, 8-11 parts of zeolite powder, 8-12 parts of radix bupleuri, radix glycyrrhizae 2-4 Part, 3.5-4.5 parts of dried orange peel, 0.5-0.8 parts of Trichoderma harzianum agent, 1.2-1.8 parts of polyglutamic acid;Wherein, the pretreatment of corn young crops For:Young crops stalk before the corn florescence is collected, is dried to water content 12-16wt%, particle diameter is crushed to for 0.5-0.8cm;
Each raw material is weighed by weight, each raw material is mixed evenly, then added water, and culture medium moisture content is maintained at 48- 56%, then mixed material is sent into fermenting cellar, fermentation 36-48 hours is carried out at 35-40 DEG C;
(2) pack:Culture medium is dispensed into non-woven bag with sack filling machine, the non-woven bag of charged is put into the collar, turned into Cultivating bag;
(3) sterilizing cooling:By cultivating bag cotton beyond the Great Wall, moisture-proofing film is covered, sterilizing position is moved on to and stacks, be warming up to 120 DEG C, insulation Sterilize within 17 hours, sterilizing makes the temperature in sterilizing chamber near 20 DEG C in 48 hours after terminating;
(4) inoculated and cultured:The asparagus gemma mycelia for taking 0.5% by the percentage by weight of culture medium is accessed in culture medium.
2. a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (4) in, after asparagus gemma mycelia access culture medium, first lucifuge culture, cultivation temperature is maintained at 25 DEG C, and culture humidity is 30%, incubation time 60 days.
3. a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition according to claim 2, it is characterised in that during culture Between after 60, the collar and cotton are taken down, aging fungus block is removed, illumination cultivation is carried out, cultivation temperature is 10 DEG C, culture humidity is 50%, carry out illumination, illumination requirement with fluorescent lamp:800lux, irradiates 12 hours, stimulates fruit-body formation, after after long fruiting flower bud, Carry out dredging flower bud, dredge flower bud and control 2, select the mushroom flower bud extended to sack, mushroom lid is circular.
4. a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition according to claim 3, it is characterised in that cultivated Management is aerated in journey:Once in the morning and once at night, every time 5 minutes;Temperature treatment:The temperature control of culturing room is 15 during fruiting DEG C, the temperature control of culturing room is at 10 DEG C when the later stage is ripe.
5. a kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include Harvest management process:When acupuncture needle massee fruiting bodies length is to 4 centimetres, it should harvesting in time, after harvesting, precooling 6 in 2 DEG C of freezers is put into Hour, mushroom shape is then arranged under the conditions of 18 DEG C, is finally dispensed with polypropylene knuckle polybag, is vacuumized and tighten sack simultaneously It is moved into preservation in 0 DEG C of freezer.
CN201710302365.3A 2017-05-02 2017-05-02 A kind of asparagus ecology planting method based on high nutrition Pending CN107135805A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107493973A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-22 乐山市金口河区大瓦山食用菌种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of yellow needle mushroom
CN108522143A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-09-14 贵州永成利生态农业有限公司 A kind of big foot mushroom cultivation base and its cultural method
CN110563503A (en) * 2018-06-06 2019-12-13 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Special fertilizer for grapes and preparation method thereof
CN113557909A (en) * 2021-08-31 2021-10-29 吉林农业科技学院 Morchella cultivation method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101433160A (en) * 2007-05-15 2009-05-20 佟志和 Method for cultivating medicinal morel and products produced thereby
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CN103588571A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-02-19 天津滨海德盛农业科技有限公司 Culture medium and cultivation method for needle mushrooms
CN104303830A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Planting method of Pleurotus eryngii
CN104860749A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-26 邓全芳 Flammulina velutipes culture medium
CN105009940A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-11-04 王立 Method for culturing enoki mushroom with herb residues

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101433160A (en) * 2007-05-15 2009-05-20 佟志和 Method for cultivating medicinal morel and products produced thereby
CN102326506A (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-01-25 上海雪榕生物科技股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation method by utilizing flammulina velutipes culture medium to cultivate pleurotus eryngii
CN103588571A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-02-19 天津滨海德盛农业科技有限公司 Culture medium and cultivation method for needle mushrooms
CN104303830A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Planting method of Pleurotus eryngii
CN104860749A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-26 邓全芳 Flammulina velutipes culture medium
CN105009940A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-11-04 王立 Method for culturing enoki mushroom with herb residues

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107493973A (en) * 2017-09-27 2017-12-22 乐山市金口河区大瓦山食用菌种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of yellow needle mushroom
CN108522143A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-09-14 贵州永成利生态农业有限公司 A kind of big foot mushroom cultivation base and its cultural method
CN110563503A (en) * 2018-06-06 2019-12-13 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Special fertilizer for grapes and preparation method thereof
CN113557909A (en) * 2021-08-31 2021-10-29 吉林农业科技学院 Morchella cultivation method

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