CN107135785A - The artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng - Google Patents

The artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107135785A
CN107135785A CN201710403716.XA CN201710403716A CN107135785A CN 107135785 A CN107135785 A CN 107135785A CN 201710403716 A CN201710403716 A CN 201710403716A CN 107135785 A CN107135785 A CN 107135785A
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greenhouse
soil
ginseng
value
threshold
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陈义龙
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陈义龙
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/02Treatment of plants with carbon dioxide
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/46Stemonaceae [Stemona family], e.g. croomia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/08Radiation
    • A61L2/10Ultra-violet radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/02Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using physical phenomena
    • A61L2/14Plasma, i.e. ionised gases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/20Gaseous substances, e.g. vapours
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:Temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, negative ion generating device, heater, fan and spray equipment are set in greenhouse;Ginseng seeds are seeded into greenhouse soil using order method, passage is offered on the wall in greenhouse, the gas outlet connection of passage and breather pipe, the air inlet of breather pipe is connected with air blower;Behind the 5th week emerged, a negative ion generating device was opened every five days;Behind the 10th week emerged, a carbon dioxide generating device was opened every three days;The radiation modality of lamp group is white light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Behind the 20th week emerged, every four circumferential fertilisings once;After sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings once;After sowing 3 years, ginseng is ripe.The yield for the ginseng that the present invention can be effectively improved.

Description

The artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng
Technical field
The invention belongs to Chinese medicine cultivation technical field, it is related to a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng.
Background technology
Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Mey) is herbaceos perennial, and happiness is shady and cool, blade pore-free and fence group Knit, it is impossible to retain moisture, temperature can burn higher than 32 ° of blades, canopy density 0.7-0.8.Always it is considered as hundred grass in Chinese ginseng King, in west, ginseng is called PANAX C.A.MEYER GINSENG, and " PANAX " derives from Greek, means and " guarantees to cure hundred Disease ".《Sheng Nong's herbal classic》Described in:" ginseng, sweet to be slightly cold, main tonifying five zang organs, soothe the nerves, determine soul, and stop palpitate with fear, remove pathogenic factor is bright Mesh, happy intelligence development.Long term usage, macrobiosis of making light of one's life by commiting suicide." due to the continuous deterioration of environment, environment suitable for Ginseng Growth is more next to be lacked, Er Qieyou The demand of ginseng is on the increase in people, current artificial growth ginseng is more and more, but at present in artificial growth, Temperature, humidity etc. are difficult to control, and cause ginseng yield not high, and of poor quality.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above and/or defect, and provide at least will be described later excellent Point.
It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng.
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
One group of lamp group is set in the greenhouse, and the lamp group includes white light, blood orange light lamp and blue-ray light;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 3-5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3- is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged 5h;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 1-3h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1- 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4- 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 1, the temperature threshold It is worth for 20-25 DEG C.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 1, the temperature threshold It is worth for 50-70%.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 5, in emerged After 20 weeks, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is to become thoroughly decomposed Fertilizer.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 6, in sowing 1 year Afterwards, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 2, shone to soil The step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before ultraviolet is penetrated, is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;
If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stir, adopt Rinsed with clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;
If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after humic acid fertilizer, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, the pH threshold values are 5.5-6.5.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 3, the blood orange lamp The light intensity of irradiation be 500-600lx, the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 450-650lx, the irradiation light intensity of the white light For 200-300lx.
Preferably, in the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of described ginseng, in the step 2, the Chinese medicine spray The preparation method of mist is:
By the Radix Astragali, aloe, honeysuckle, the tuber of stemona, the fruit of Rangoon creeper, garlic, shallot and ginkgo leaf in drying unit, it is in temperature At 70 DEG C, drying to its it is aqueous be less than or equal to 20% after, grind to form particle diameter be 5mm particle, mixing, obtain hybrid particles, will The hybrid particles are 1 with ethanol mass ratio:50 mixing, at 30 DEG C, soak 5h, at 70 DEG C, refluxing extraction 30min, mistake Filter, filtrate is Chinese medical spray;Wherein, the concentration of the ethanol is 20wt%.
The present invention at least includes following beneficial effect:
The invention discloses a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, by setting temperature detection in greenhouse Device, soil humidity detector, heater, fan and spray equipment;And fill temperature-detecting device, soil moisture detection Put, carbon dioxide generating device, negative ion generating device, heater, fan and spray equipment and be arranged on outside greenhouse and Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value computer connection, monitored in real time by above-mentioned detection device Temperature value, humidity value in Ginseng Growth environment, and temperature value and humidity value are regulated and controled, it effectively ensure that the growth of ginseng Environment;
By carbon dioxide generating device timing to carbon dioxide in greenhouse, the photosynthesis of ginseng has been effectively promoted, So as to be effectively guaranteed the growth of ginseng;Negative ion generating device periodically discharges anion into greenhouse, and kill has in greenhouse Evil bacterium, it is ensured that the normal growth of ginseng;
The invention discloses a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, behind the 20th week emerged, Mei Gesi Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1-0.3kg for circumferential fertilising;After sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings once, The amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4-0.5kg;Apply fertilizer amount to ginseng in the different growth phases of ginseng to be defined, together When employ a small amount of multiple fertilizing method, not only prevent and once apply excessive fertilizer and burn out plant, and easily produce disease pest Evil, and can effectively ensure the absorption of plant, and reduce cost;
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng of the present invention, relative plantation ginseng soil enters before plantation ginseng Row acid-base value regulates and controls, and is between the 5.5-6.5 most useful for Ginseng Growth, is effectively guaranteed the growth of ginseng, and The way of direct doping nertralizer of the prior art is abandoned in the present invention, is combined using neutralizing and rinsing, not only can be more Acid-base value in effective regulation and control soil, and can effectively prevent other materials brought in nertralizer from remaining in soil.
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng of the present invention, it is preferred that emphasis is the radiation modality of lamp group is:White light Lamp and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Irradiated daily using lamp group described in above-mentioned radiation modality 1-3h;Blood orange light lamp and blue-ray light can be effectively promoted the photosynthesis of plant, alternately be irradiated using blood orange light lamp and blue-ray light Plant, can not only effectively strengthen the photosynthesis of ginseng, and can promote the growth of different extract fractions of Radix ginseng.
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng of the present invention, is first used before plantation ginseng to greenhouse, soil Ultraviolet, ozone and the triple sterilizings of anion, effectively kill bacterium and pest and disease damage in greenhouse and soil, reduction ginseng children The pathogenic probability of seedling, uses Chinese medical spray in planting process, can effectively prevent and kill disease pest, and due to using Chinese medicine Composition will not be polluted to soil and ginseng, so as to ensure that the edible safety of ginseng.
The yield for the ginseng that a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance for ginseng that the present invention is provided can be effectively improved.
Further advantage, target and the feature of the present invention embodies part by following explanation, and part will also be by this The research and practice of invention and be understood by the person skilled in the art.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below, to make those skilled in the art being capable of evidence with reference to specification word To implement.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or many The presence or addition of individual other elements or its combination.
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
One group of lamp group is set in the greenhouse, and the lamp group includes white light, blood orange light lamp and blue-ray light;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 3-5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3- is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged 5h;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 1-3h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1- 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4- 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 1, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 1, the temperature threshold is 50-70%.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 5, it is circumferential every four behind the 20th week emerged Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.2kg for fertilising, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 6, after sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings Once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 2, also include before soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation pair The step of greenhouse soil acid-base value is adjusted, be specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;
If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stir, adopt Rinsed with clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;
If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after humic acid fertilizer, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, the pH threshold values are 5.5-6.5.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 3, the light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 500-600lx, the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 450-650lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the white light is 200-300lx.
In one embodiment of the present of invention, preferably, in the step 2, the preparation method of the Chinese medical spray is:
By the Radix Astragali, aloe, honeysuckle, the tuber of stemona, the fruit of Rangoon creeper, garlic, shallot and ginkgo leaf in drying unit, it is in temperature At 70 DEG C, drying to its it is aqueous be less than or equal to 20% after, grind to form particle diameter be 5mm particle, mixing, obtain hybrid particles, will The hybrid particles are 1 with ethanol mass ratio:50 mixing, at 30 DEG C, soak 5h, at 70 DEG C, refluxing extraction 30min, mistake Filter, filtrate is Chinese medical spray;Wherein, the concentration of the ethanol is 20wt%.
To make those skilled in the art more profoundly understand technical scheme, now provide following examples 1 to 6.In embodiment 1-6, Chinese medical spray is prepared as follows:
By the Radix Astragali, aloe, honeysuckle, the tuber of stemona, the fruit of Rangoon creeper, garlic, shallot and ginkgo leaf in drying unit, it is in temperature At 70 DEG C, drying to its it is aqueous be less than or equal to 20% after, grind to form particle diameter be 5mm particle, mixing, obtain hybrid particles, will The hybrid particles are 1 with ethanol mass ratio:50 mixing, at 30 DEG C, soak 5h, at 70 DEG C, refluxing extraction 30min, mistake Filter, filtrate is Chinese medical spray;Wherein, the concentration of the ethanol is 20wt%.
In embodiment 1-6, each parts by weight are 1Kg.
Embodiment 1
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 3cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 5h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 1h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
The light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 600lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 650lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity be 300lx;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.1kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 2
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 3h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
The light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 500lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 450lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity be 200lx;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 3
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the temperature Room soil, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s's Gas velocity, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 4cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 4h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 2h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
The light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 550lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 500lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity be 250lx;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 4
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 4.5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Wherein, the step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, step position Before to the soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method; If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after humic acid fertilizer, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;The pH threshold values For 5.5-6.5.
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 4h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 1.8h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
The light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 580lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 590lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity be 230lx;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 5
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 4.5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Wherein, the step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, step position Before to the soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method; If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after humic acid fertilizer, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;The pH threshold values For 5.5-6.5.
Step 3. was opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, opened every time behind the 5th week emerged 4.5h;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 1.5h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
The light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 520lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 630lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity be 280lx;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.25kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.45kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Embodiment 6
A kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, including:
Step 1. set in greenhouse temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, bear from Sub- generating means, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray Device is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and will detect Humidity value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if receiving Humidity value be less than minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, To the soil in the greenhouse, it is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold During value, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to institute State on computer, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than institute The minimum value in temperature threshold is stated, then the computer controls the heater to be in heated condition, the greenhouse is heated up, If receiving temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, the computer control Make the heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
Wherein, the temperature threshold is 20-25 DEG C, and the temperature threshold is 50-70%;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, and the passage is with leading to The gas outlet connection of tracheae, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing is provided with the computer Program, the computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, turns over the greenhouse soil Earth, makes nano-sized carbon be mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas Speed, leads to after 1h ozone into greenhouse, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using program request side Ginseng seeds are seeded into the greenhouse soil by method, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 4.5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, used medicinal herb spray to spraying once every 5 days, the amount sprayed every time is every square Rice sprinkling 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 1 part of 5 parts of the tuber of stemona, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Wherein, the step of also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, step position Before to the soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, directly broadcast using order method Plant ginseng seeds;If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after lime, stirring is equal It is even, rinsed using clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method; If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after humic acid fertilizer, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;The pH threshold values For 5.5-6.5.
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 5h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using Lamp group irradiates 2.5h daily described in above-mentioned radiation modality;
The light intensity of the irradiation of the blood orange lamp is 500lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 450lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity be 200lx;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s's behind the 10th week emerged every three days Gas flow rate leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
Comparative example
Ginseng is planted using prior art, ginseng is sowed into greenhouse soil, regularly ginseng is applied and becomes thoroughly decomposed fertile and fixed When water deinsectization, after ripening in 3 years.
Compared with comparative example, the yield volume increase 47% respectively than comparative example ginseng of the yield of embodiment 1-6 ginsengs, 50%, 54%th, 71%, 63% and 57%.
The present invention can effectively improve the yield of ginseng, reduce production cost, solve and urgently solved in ginseng industrialization plantation Certainly the problem of.
Although embodiment of the present invention is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment listed With it can be applied to various suitable the field of the invention completely, can be easily for those skilled in the art Other modification is realized, therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention is not limited In specific details.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng, it is characterised in that including:
Step 1. sets temperature-detecting device, soil humidity detector, carbon dioxide generating device, anion hair in greenhouse Generating apparatus, heater, fan and spray equipment;
The temperature-detecting device, the soil humidity detector, the heater, the fan and the spray equipment It is connected with being arranged on the greenhouse outer computer;
Be stored with temperature threshold, humidity threshold and soil moisture threshold value on the computer,
Wherein, the soil humidity detector is used to detecting the humidity value of soil in the greenhouse, and by the humidity detected Value is sent to the computer, and the computer will receive humidity value and be compared with the humidity threshold, if what is received is wet Angle value is less than the minimum value in the humidity threshold, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be in opening, to institute The soil in greenhouse is stated, is in if receiving humidity value in the temperature threshold or more than the maximum in the humidity threshold When, then the computer controls the spray equipment to be closed;
The temperature-detecting device is used to detect the temperature value in the greenhouse, and the temperature value detected is sent to the meter On calculation machine, the computer will receive temperature value and be compared with the temperature threshold, if the temperature value received is less than the temperature The minimum value spent in threshold value, then the computer control heater is in heated condition, to greenhouse heating, if connecing Receive temperature value to be in the temperature threshold or during more than maximum in the temperature threshold, then the computer control institute State heater to be closed, and control the fan to be in opening device;
One group of lamp group is set in the greenhouse, and the lamp group includes white light, blood orange light lamp and blue-ray light;
Passage is offered on the wall in the greenhouse, the aperture of the passage is 50cm, the passage and breather pipe Gas outlet connection, the air inlet of the breather pipe is connected with air blower,
The air blower is arranged on outside the greenhouse, is connected with the computer, and timing routine is provided with the computer, The computer controls the air blower daily 9:00 to greenhouse ventilation body, and gas flow rate is 5m/s;
Nano-sized carbon is sprinkling upon on the greenhouse soil by step 2. according to every square metre of 50g amount, is turned over the greenhouse soil, is made Nano-sized carbon is mixed with the greenhouse soil, is irradiated using ultraviolet after 3h soil, into the greenhouse with 5m/s gas velocity, Xiang Wen Lead in room after 1h ozone, ozone in emptying greenhouse, after the negative ion generating device 2h is opened, using order method by ginseng Seed is seeded into the greenhouse soil, and the distance of adjacent ginseng seeds is in 3-5cm;
Behind the 1st week emerged, medicinal herb spray was used every 5 days to spraying once, the amount sprayed every time is every square metre of spray Spill 30g;
Wherein, in terms of parts by weight, the Chinese medical spray includes following raw material:2 parts of the Radix Astragali, 1 part of aloe, 2 parts of honeysuckle, the tuber of stemona 1 part of 5 parts, 3 parts of the fruit of Rangoon creeper, 3 parts of garlic, 1 part of shallot and ginkgo leaf;
Step 3. opened the once negative ion generating device every five days, 3-5h is opened every time behind the 5th week emerged;
The radiation modality of lamp group is:White light and blood orange light light irradiation one day, white light and blue light light irradiation one day;Using above-mentioned Lamp group irradiates 1-3h daily described in radiation modality;
Step 4. opened the once carbon dioxide generating device, with 3m/s gas behind the 10th week emerged every three days Flow velocity leads to carbon dioxide 30min into greenhouse, and each opening time is 11:00;
Step 5. is behind the 20th week emerged, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.1- 0.3kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 6. is after sowing 1 year, and every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.4-0.5kg, its In, the fertilizer applied is the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
Step 7. is after sowing 3 years, and ginseng is ripe.
2. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 1, institute Temperature threshold is stated for 20-25 DEG C.
3. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 1, institute Temperature threshold is stated for 50-70%.
4. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 5, Behind the 20th week emerged, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.2kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied Expect for the fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
5. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 6, After sowing 1 year, every four circumferential fertilisings once, the amount applied fertilizer every time is every square metre of 0.5kg, wherein, the fertilizer applied is Become thoroughly decomposed fertilizer.
6. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 2, The step of to also including adjusting the greenhouse soil acid-base value before soil irradiation ultraviolet radiation, it is specially:
Using the pH value of soil pH detector soil, if detecting in pH threshold ranges, people is directly sowed using order method Join seed;
If detecting pH value less than the minimum value in pH threshold values, add after lime, stir, using clear into the soil Water is rinsed, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method;
If detecting pH value more than the minimum value in pH threshold values, added into the soil after humic acid fertilizer, stir, adopt Rinsed with clear water, until Soil K+adsorption is in pH threshold ranges to pH value, ginseng seeds are sowed using order method.
7. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the pH threshold values are 5.5-6.5。
8. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 3, institute The light intensity for stating the irradiation of blood orange lamp is 500-600lx, and the irradiation light intensity of the blue-ray light is 450-650lx, the white light Irradiation light intensity is 200-300lx.
9. the artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 2, institute The preparation method for stating Chinese medical spray is:
It it is 70 DEG C in temperature by the Radix Astragali, aloe, honeysuckle, the tuber of stemona, the fruit of Rangoon creeper, garlic, shallot and ginkgo leaf in drying unit Under, drying to its it is aqueous be less than or equal to 20% after, grind to form the particle that particle diameter is 5mm, mixing obtains hybrid particles, will be described Hybrid particles are 1 with ethanol mass ratio:50 mixing, at 30 DEG C, soak 5h, at 70 DEG C, and refluxing extraction 30min is filtered, filter Liquid is Chinese medical spray;Wherein, the concentration of the ethanol is 20wt%.
CN201710403716.XA 2017-06-01 2017-06-01 The artificial method for planting of the disease and insect resistance of ginseng Pending CN107135785A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205229869U (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 吉林省沃特管业有限公司 Intelligent greenhouse big -arch shelter system
CN106332623A (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-01-18 郴州市强顺农业科技开发有限公司 Ginseng planting method
CN106413380A (en) * 2014-06-09 2017-02-15 株式会社津村 Method for cultivating asian ginseng

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106413380A (en) * 2014-06-09 2017-02-15 株式会社津村 Method for cultivating asian ginseng
CN205229869U (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 吉林省沃特管业有限公司 Intelligent greenhouse big -arch shelter system
CN106332623A (en) * 2016-08-01 2017-01-18 郴州市强顺农业科技开发有限公司 Ginseng planting method

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Application publication date: 20170908