CN107124248A - A kind of communication means, apparatus and system - Google Patents

A kind of communication means, apparatus and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107124248A
CN107124248A CN201710165238.3A CN201710165238A CN107124248A CN 107124248 A CN107124248 A CN 107124248A CN 201710165238 A CN201710165238 A CN 201710165238A CN 107124248 A CN107124248 A CN 107124248A
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China
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signal
bit string
data
new
according
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CN201710165238.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107124248B (en
Inventor
李东声
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天地融科技股份有限公司
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Publication of CN107124248A publication Critical patent/CN107124248A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/0001Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff
    • H04L1/0002Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff by adapting the transmission rate

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of communication means, apparatus and system, and this method includes:Principal communication device sends parameter acquiring request signal to from communicator, and receives its communication rate information supported returned from device;Select locally-supported new communication rate information according to the communication rate information supported from device, and to sending new communication rate information from device;If master device receives frequency conversion response signal and carries the configured information agreed to using new communication rate information, the new time parameter of data transfer is determined according to new communication rate information;According under new time parameter 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data-signal to be sent, or, the data-signal sent from device is received according to new time parameter, and obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, N >=1.

Description

A kind of communication means, apparatus and system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of electronic technology field, more particularly to a kind of communication means, apparatus and system.

Background technology

During asynchronous communication, using different messaging parameters, it can be realized in data sending terminal and data receiver The data transfer of different communication speed.But, the traffic rate that different communication equipments is supported is different, that is, the communication used Parameter is different, how the traffic rate of each compatible different communication equipment, be that those skilled in the art suffer from a problem that. In addition, after communicating pair sets up communication link, current traffic rate is converted if desired, then data sending terminal and data connect Receiving end needs first to stop data transfer, re-starts communication negotiation to determine after new messaging parameter, restarts data transfer, leads Cause data transmission efficiency relatively low.

The content of the invention

Present invention seek to address that one of above mentioned problem.

The first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of communication means, including:Principal communication device is according to default communication speed Information determines the current time parameter of data transfer;According under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each in N Bit String Individual Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring request signal extremely from communicator;The principal communication device root The parameter acquiring response signal returned from communicator is received according to the current time parameter, and obtains the parameter acquiring The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in response signal, wherein, between each time in the parameter acquiring response signal The communication rate information supported from communicator is indicated every corresponding Bit String;The principal communication device is according to described from logical The communication rate information that T unit is supported selects a locally-supported new communication rate information, and according to the current time 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send frequency conversion request signal to institute State from communicator, the frequency conversion request signal carries the new communication rate information;The principal communication device is according to institute State current time parameter and receive the frequency conversion response signal returned from communicator, and obtain in the frequency conversion response signal The corresponding Bit String of each time interval, and the corresponding Bit String instruction of each time interval in the frequency conversion response signal Agree to, using in the case of the new communication rate information, the new of data transfer be determined according to the new communication rate information Time parameter;The principal communication device is obtained 2 under new time parameter according to the new time parameterNIndividual length is N Bit String In each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to the corresponding relation, or, root The data-signal sent from communicator is received according to the new time parameter, and obtains each in the data-signal received The corresponding Bit String of individual time interval, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the different Bit Strings corresponding time Interval is different, N >=1.

Wherein, the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion response signal indicates to disagree using described In the case of new communication rate information, the principal communication device is according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is N ratio Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send the data-signal to be sent in spy's string, or, worked as according to described Preceding time parameter receives the data-signal sent from communicator, and each in the data-signal received described in obtaining The corresponding Bit String of time interval.

Wherein, the new communication rate information includes the new time parameter;Join described according to the current time Several lower 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring request signal extremely Before communicator, methods described also includes:The principal communication device produces the frequency conversion request signal;The principal communication dress The generation frequency conversion request signal is put, including:According under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length compares for each in N Bit String Spy's string and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, wherein, each data-signal in the F data-signal At the beginning of to carve with the time interval carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal be the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, F >=1 and F is natural number, and the frequency conversion request signal includes the F data-signal, described in the F data signal transmission newly Time parameter.

Wherein, the new communication rate information is identified including new time parameter;Join described according to the current time Several lower 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring request signal extremely Before communicator, methods described also includes:The principal communication device produces the frequency conversion request signal;The principal communication dress The generation frequency conversion request signal is put, including:According under the current time parameter of the data transfer 2NIndividual length is N bit The Bit String of each in string and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, wherein, it is every in the F data-signal Carve corresponding for a Bit String with the time interval carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal at the beginning of individual data-signal Time interval, F >=1 and F are natural number, and the frequency conversion request signal includes the F data-signal, the F data-signal Transmit new time parameter mark.

The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of communication means, including:From communicator according to principal communication device The default communication rate information consulted in advance determines the current time parameter of data transfer;It is described to be worked as from communicator according to described Preceding time parameter receives the parameter acquiring request signal that the principal communication device is sent, and obtains locally-supported traffic rate letter Breath, and according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is closed for each Bit String in N Bit String is corresponding with time interval System sends parameter acquiring response signal to the principal communication device, and the parameter acquiring response signal carries described from communication dress Put the communication rate information of support;It is described that the principal communication device transmission is received according to the current time parameter from communicator Frequency conversion request signal, and obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal, wherein, it is described to become The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in frequency request signal indicates the new traffic rate letter that the principal communication device is supported Breath;The new time parameter for determining data transfer according to the new communication rate information from communicator, and according to described 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send frequency conversion response Signal is to the principal communication device;The finger agreed to using the new communication rate information is carried in the frequency conversion response signal It is described to be obtained from communicator according to the new time parameter 2 under new time parameter in the case of showing informationNIndividual length is N's The corresponding relation of the Bit String of each in Bit String and time interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to the corresponding relation, Or, the data-signal that the principal communication device is sent is received according to the new time parameter, and obtain the data letter received The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in number, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the different Bit Strings pair The time interval answered is different, N >=1.

Wherein, methods described also includes:Carry and disagreed using the new communication speed in the frequency conversion response signal In the case of the configured information of rate information, it is described from communicator according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is N ratio Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send the data-signal to be sent in spy's string, or, worked as according to described Preceding time parameter receives each in the data-signal that the principal communication device is sent, and the data-signal received described in acquisition The corresponding Bit String of time interval.

Wherein, the new communication rate information includes the new time parameter;The frequency conversion request signal includes:For F data-signal of the new time parameter is transmitted, wherein, the F data-signal is by the principal communication device according to described 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval are produced, wherein, institute The time interval carved at the beginning of being carved at the beginning of stating each data-signal in F data-signal with an adjacent upper signal For the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number;It is described from communicator according to the current time parameter The frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent is received, and obtains each time interval pair in the frequency conversion request signal The Bit String answered, including:It is described that the F data-signal is received according to the current time parameter from communicator, and according to Time interval between being carved in the F data-signal at the beginning of each data-signal obtains the new traffic rate letter Breath.

Wherein, the new communication rate information is identified including new time parameter;The frequency conversion request signal includes:For F data-signal of the new time parameter mark is transmitted, the F data-signal is worked as by the principal communication device according to described 2 under preceding time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval are produced, wherein, it is described The time interval with being carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal is carved at the beginning of each data-signal in F data-signal is The corresponding time interval of one Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number;It is described to be connect from communicator according to the current time parameter The frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent is received, and obtains the correspondence of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal Bit String, including:It is described that the F data-signal is received according to the current time parameter from communicator, and according to institute The time interval stated between being carved in F data-signal at the beginning of each data-signal obtains the new communication rate information, Wherein, the new communication rate information includes the new time parameter mark;It is described according to the new communication rate information Determining the new time parameter of data transfer includes:The new time parameter is searched in preset table and identifies the corresponding new time Parameter.

Wherein, the communication rate information locally-supported from communicator includes:It is described locally-supported from communicator Data transmission period parameter area;It is described transmission frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, including:It is described to be filled from communication Put and judge the new time parameter whether in the data transmission period parameter area locally-supported from communicator, if It is then to send the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and the frequency conversion response signal to carry agreement and use institute The configured information of new communication rate information is stated, otherwise, the transmission frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and it is described Frequency conversion response signal carries the configured information disagreed using the new communication rate information;

Or, the communication rate information locally-supported from communicator includes:It is described locally-supported from communicator Data transmission period parameter list;It is described transmission frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, including:Described from communication dress Put and search whether there is the new time parameter in locally-supported data transmission period parameter list, if found, send The frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and the frequency conversion response signal carries agreement and uses the new communication The configured information of rate information, otherwise, sends the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and frequency conversion response and believes Number carry the configured information disagreed using the new communication rate information.

The third object of the present invention is to provide a kind of communicator, including:Traffic rate control module, for according to silent Recognize communication rate information and determine the current time parameter of data transfer, and trigger sending module and perform according to current time ginseng Number sends the operation of parameter acquiring request signal;Sending module, for according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is N's The Bit String of each in Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring request signal extremely from communicator;Receive mould Block, for the parameter acquiring response signal returned according to current time parameter reception from communicator, and obtains institute The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in parameter acquiring response signal is stated, wherein, in the parameter acquiring response signal The corresponding Bit String of each time interval indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator;The traffic rate control Module, is additionally operable to select a locally-supported new traffic rate according to the communication rate information supported from communicator Information, and trigger the operation that the sending module execution sends frequency conversion request signal according to the current time parameter;The hair Module is sent, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the current time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String and time interval in N Bit String Corresponding relation send frequency conversion request signal to described from communicator, the frequency conversion request signal carries the new communication Rate information;The receiving module, is additionally operable to the frequency conversion returned according to being received the current time parameter from communicator Response signal;The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to obtain each time interval correspondence in the frequency conversion response signal Bit String;And the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion response signal indicates to agree to using described new In the case of communication rate information, the new time parameter of data transfer is determined according to the new communication rate information;According to institute New time parameter is stated to obtain 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is closed for each Bit String in N Bit String is corresponding with time interval System, and the sending module is triggered according under the new time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced send data-signal to be sent, or, receive the receiving module transmission according to the new time The data-signal sent from communicator that parameter is received, and obtain between each time in the data-signal that receives Every corresponding Bit String, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of the different Bit Strings is not Together, N >=1;The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the new time parameterNIndividual length is each bit in N Bit String String and the corresponding relation of time interval send the data-signal to be sent;The receiving module, be additionally operable to according to it is described new when Between parameter receive the data-signal sent from communicator, and transmit to the traffic rate control module.

Wherein, the traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to each time interval pair in the frequency conversion response signal The Bit String answered indicates to disagree using in the case of the new communication rate information, is obtained according to the current time parameter 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String, and triggers described Sending module is according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is corresponding with time interval for each Bit String in N Bit String Relation sends data-signal to be sent, or, receive being received according to the current time parameter for the receiving module transmission The data-signal sent from communicator, and obtain the corresponding ratio of each time interval in the data-signal that receives Spy's string;The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the current time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String in N Bit String The data-signal to be sent is sent with the corresponding relation of time interval;The receiving module, be additionally operable to according to it is described current when Between parameter receive the data-signal sent from communicator, and transmit to the traffic rate control module.

Wherein, the new communication rate information includes the new time parameter;The communicator also includes:Signal is produced Raw module, for sending the frequency conversion request signal to described before communicator in the sending module, generation is described to be become Frequency request signal;The signal generator module produces the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner:According to the data transfer Current time parameter under 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F numbers It is believed that number, wherein, the beginning with an adjacent upper signal is carved at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal The time interval at moment is the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, and F >=1 and F are natural number, and the frequency conversion request signal includes The F data-signal, new time parameter described in the F data signal transmission.

Wherein, the new communication rate information is identified including new time parameter;The communicator also includes:Signal is produced Raw module, for sending the frequency conversion request signal to described before communicator in the sending module, generation is described to be become Frequency request signal;The signal generator module produces the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner:According to the data transfer Current time parameter under 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F numbers It is believed that number, wherein, the beginning with an adjacent upper signal is carved at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal The time interval at moment is the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, and F >=1 and F are natural number, and the frequency conversion request signal includes The F data-signal, the new time parameter mark of F data signal transmission.

The fourth object of the present invention is to provide a kind of communicator, including:Traffic rate control module, for according to The default communication rate information that principal communication device is consulted in advance determines the current time parameter of data transfer;Receiving module, is used for The parameter acquiring request signal that the principal communication device is sent is received according to the current time parameter;The traffic rate control Module, is additionally operable to after the receiving module receives the parameter acquiring request signal that the principal communication device is sent, and obtains local The communication rate information of support;Sending module, for according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each in N Bit String Individual Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring response signal to the principal communication device, the parameter acquiring Response signal carries the locally-supported communication rate information;The receiving module, is additionally operable to according to the current time Parameter receives the frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent;The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to obtain described The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in frequency conversion request signal, wherein, between each time in the frequency conversion request signal The new communication rate information that the principal communication device is supported is indicated every corresponding Bit String, and according to the new traffic rate Information determines the new time parameter of data transfer;The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the current time parameterNIt is individual long Each Bit String and transmission frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication of the corresponding relation of time interval in the Bit String for N is spent to fill Put;The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to carry in the frequency conversion response signal and agrees to using the new communication speed In the case of the configured information of rate information, obtained according to the new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is N bit The corresponding relation of the Bit String of each in string and time interval, and the sending module is triggered according under the new time parameter 2NIt is individual Length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data-signal to be sent, or, receive institute The data-signal that the principal communication device received according to the new time parameter of receiving module transmission is sent is stated, and is obtained The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and not With the Bit String, corresponding time interval is different, N >=1;The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the new time parameterN Individual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send the data-signal to be sent;It is described Receiving module, is additionally operable to receive the data-signal that the principal communication device is sent according to the new time parameter, and transmit to institute State traffic rate control module.

Wherein, the traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to carry to disagree in the frequency conversion response signal to use institute In the case of the configured information for stating new communication rate information, obtained according to the current time parameter 2 under current time parameterN Individual length is each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String, and triggers the sending module according to described 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send number to be sent It is believed that number, or, receive the principal communication device received according to the current time parameter of the receiving module transmission The data-signal of transmission, and obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received;The transmission mould Block, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the current time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String and pair of time interval in N Bit String The transmission data-signal to be sent should be related to;The receiving module, is additionally operable to according to being received the current time parameter The data-signal that principal communication device is sent, and transmit to the traffic rate control module.

Wherein, the new communication rate information includes the new time parameter;The frequency conversion request signal includes:For F data-signal of the new time parameter is transmitted, wherein, the F data-signal is by the principal communication device according to described 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval are produced, wherein, institute The time interval carved at the beginning of being carved at the beginning of stating each data-signal in F data-signal with an adjacent upper signal For the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number;The receiving module receives the master in the following manner The frequency conversion request signal that communicator is sent:The receiving module F numbers are received according to the current time parameter it is believed that Number;Each time interval that the traffic rate control module is obtained in the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner is corresponding Bit String, and determine according to the new communication rate information the new time parameter of data transfer:According to the F data-signal In carve at the beginning of each data-signal between time interval obtain the new time parameter.

Wherein, the new communication rate information is identified including new time parameter;The frequency conversion request signal includes:For F data-signal of the new time parameter mark is transmitted, the F data-signal is worked as by the principal communication device according to described 2 under preceding time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval are produced, wherein, it is described The time interval with being carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal is carved at the beginning of each data-signal in F data-signal is The corresponding time interval of one Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number;The receiving module receives the master and led in the following manner The frequency conversion request signal that T unit is sent:The F data-signal is received according to the current time parameter;The traffic rate Control module obtains the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner, and according to institute State the new time parameter that new communication rate information determines data transfer:According to each data-signal in the F data-signal At the beginning of carve between time interval obtain new time parameter mark, the new time parameter mark pair is searched in preset table The new time parameter answered.

Wherein, the communicator also includes:Inquiry judging module, wherein:The locally-supported communication rate information bag Include:The locally-supported data transmission period parameter area, the inquiry judging module, for judging the new time parameter Whether in the locally-supported data transmission period parameter area;Or, the locally-supported communication rate information bag Include:It is described to put locally-supported data transmission period parameter list, the inquiry judging module, in the locally-supported number According to searching whether there is the new time parameter in transmission time parameter list;The sending module sends described in the following manner Frequency conversion response signal is to the principal communication device:If the inquiry judging result of the inquiry judging module is yes, to transmission The frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and the frequency conversion response signal carries agreement and uses the new communication The configured information of rate information, if the inquiry judging result of the inquiry judging module is no, to the principal communication device Return to the frequency conversion response signal and the frequency conversion response signal is carried and disagreed using the new communication rate information Configured information.

The fifth object of the present invention is to provide a kind of communication system, including:Principal communication device and from communicator, its In, the principal communication device is using the communicator as described in the third object of the present invention;It is described to be used such as from communicator Communicator described in the fourth object of the present invention.

As seen from the above technical solution provided by the invention, can be main logical in the case where not interrupting data transfer T unit obtains the communication rate information supported from communicator, and therefrom selects new communication rate information to carry out traffic rate Conversion, frequency conversion request signal is sent by principal communication device to from communicator, is agreeing to ask using the frequency conversion from communicator In the case of seeking the new communication rate information carried in signal, master and slave communicator is obtained according to the new communication rate information The new time parameter of data transfer and the reception and/or transmission of data are carried out using the new time parameter, ensure compliance with from While the business demand of communication equipment, the adjustment of the messaging parameter of master-slave communication device is completed, communication efficiency is improved.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, being used required in being described below to embodiment Accompanying drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, for this For the those of ordinary skill in field, on the premise of not paying creative work, other can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings Accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 is the flow chart for the communication means that the embodiment of the present invention 1 is provided;

Fig. 2 is the flow chart for another communication means that the embodiment of the present invention 2 is provided;

Fig. 3 is the flow chart for another communication means that the embodiment of the present invention 3 is provided;

Fig. 4 is also a kind of flow chart of communication means that the embodiment of the present invention 4 is provided;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation for the communication system that the embodiment of the present invention 5 is provided;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation for the principal communication device that the embodiment of the present invention 5 is provided;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation from communicator that the embodiment of the present invention 5 is provided.

Embodiment

With reference to the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Ground is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on this The embodiment of invention, the every other implementation that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example, belongs to protection scope of the present invention.

The embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

Embodiment 1

Fig. 1 shows a kind of flow chart of communication means provided in an embodiment of the present invention;This method includes:

S101, principal communication device determine the current time parameter of data transfer according to default communication rate information;

In the present embodiment, principal communication device is with that can consult the communication rate information of both of which support in advance from communicator Communication rate information by default, or, communication equipment Default Value has the minimum communication rate information of support, in order to ensure Compatibility, general communication equipment all supports the minimum communication rate information, therefore, in the case of no negotiation, acquiescence The minimum communication rate information of the Default Value is the default communication rate information.Wherein, communication rate information can be use The time parameter of user data transmission, or time parameter mark, time parameter mark are corresponded with time parameter.It is optional , the new time parameter can include two time parameters, very first time parameter etu and the second time parameter pdt.In the present invention In, the time parameter is used for the time span for describing to take during data transfer.In the present embodiment, if default communication rate information It is the time parameter mark of data transfer, corresponding current time parameter can be found according to time parameter mark.

S102, according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and pair of time interval in N Bit String Transmission parameter acquiring request signal should be related to extremely from communicator, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and different Bit Strings pair The time interval answered is different, N >=1;

In the present embodiment, principal communication device initiates frequency conversion request (converting traffic rate) in advance, it is necessary to first to from communication Device obtains the communication rate information supported from communicator so as to therefrom select the traffic rate that both of which is supported, and the parameter It is that may indicate that the communication rate information that its support is returned from communicator to principal communication device to obtain request signal.

In the present embodiment, principal communication device can be terminal, reader device, for example can be e-payment from communicator Equipment (for example, electric signing tools key, smart card, key card in-one devices etc.).

In the present embodiment, parameter acquiring request signal is represented by specific bit string sequence, and Bit String has corresponding Time interval, the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, thus, it is possible to according to the Bit String sequence of parameter acquiring request signal Row can be using the corresponding time interval of each Bit String come configured transmission acquisition request signal.

For example, when by taking N=1 as an example, 2NIndividual length refers to 0,1 for each Bit String in N Bit String, is joined according to the new time Number is obtained 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String, can be wrapped 0=etu, 1=etu+pdt are included, wherein, 0=etu represents the signal transmitted data Bit String 0,1=for using time interval for etu Etu+pdt represents the signal transmitted data Bit String 1 for using time interval for etu+pdt.

When and for example, by taking N=2 as an example, 2NIndividual length refers to 00,01,10,11 for each Bit String in N Bit String, according to New time parameter is obtained 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is closed for each Bit String in N Bit String is corresponding with time interval System, can include 00=etu, 01=etu+pdt, 10=etu+2pdt, 11=etu+3pdt, wherein, 00=etu represents to use Time interval is etu signal transmitted data Bit String 00, and 01=etu+pdt represents the letter for using time interval for etu+pdt Number transmission data bit string 01,10=etu+2pdt represents the signal transmitted data Bit String for using time interval for etu+2pdt 10,11=etu+3pdt represent the signal transmitted data Bit String 11 for using time interval for etu+3pdt.In the present invention, may be used With using the corresponding time interval of the multiple combinations form of time parameter expression Bit String, it is not limited to this.

Principal communication device can use current time parameter to carry out signal (the various signals in below step) or data Send and receive, when principal communication device sends data according to current time parameter, by taking N=2 as an example, parameter acquiring request signal Bit sequence string be 0110, it is necessary to when sending sequence of data bits 0110, can be using transmission time interval as etu+pdt data Signal transmits 01, and transmission time interval transmits 10 for etu+2pdt data-signal.When principal communication device according to it is current when Between parameter receive signal (the various signals in below step) or during data, by taking N=2 as an example, when received between at intervals of etu During+pdt data-signal, obtain data bit string 01, when received between at intervals of etu+3pdt data-signal when, obtain Data bit string 11, the bit string sequence received is 0111.

In the present embodiment, principal communication device is using time parameter (during new in such as current time parameter and subsequent step Between parameter) to carry out sending and receiving for signal or data be all to use similar embodiment, the present invention relates to The content that principal communication device carries out the transmitting-receiving of signal or data using time parameter can be with reference to example implementation herein.When So, what is communicated with principal communication device is also required to sending and receiving using current time parameter progress data from communicator, The mode that sends and receives with principal communication device is identical.

S103, principal communication device receive the parameter acquiring response signal returned from communicator according to current time parameter, And the corresponding Bit String of each time interval obtained in response signal that gets parms, wherein, in parameter acquiring response signal The corresponding Bit String of each time interval indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator;

For example, when principal communication device receives parameter acquiring response signal according to current time parameter, by taking N=2 as an example, when When receiving the data-signal that time interval is etu+pdt, obtain data bit string 01, when received between at intervals of etu+ During 2pdt data-signal, obtain data bit string 10, when received between at intervals of etu+3pdt data-signal when, obtain Data bit string 11, the bit string sequence received is 011011, for example, the bit string sequence can be represented from communicator branch The flank speed held, the traffic rate that principal communication device can just be given tacit consent in both sides and the flank speed that should be supported from communication equipment Between obtain a locally-supported traffic rate, be used as new traffic rate.

In the present embodiment, as an alternative embodiment, from communicator support communication rate information include from The scope for the traffic rate that communicator is supported.Or, as another optional embodiment, from leading to that communicator is supported Believe that rate information includes one or more traffic rates supported from communicator.Wherein, traffic rate can be user data The time parameter of transmission, or time parameter mark, time parameter mark are corresponded with time parameter.Optionally, this when Between parameter can include very first time parameter etu and the second time parameter pdt, in the present invention, the time parameter be used for describe The time span taken during data transfer.It is exemplary for the first optional embodiment, from leading to that communicator is supported The scope for believing speed is data transmission period parameter area, for example, edu scopes are 1us-100us, pdt scopes are 0.1us- 10us.Thus, in subsequent steps, principal communication device can freely choose its branch out of this data transmission period parameter area The new traffic rate held, to complete the conversion of traffic rate.It is exemplary for second of optional embodiment, one Or multiple traffic rates supported from communicator can be represented with the data transmission period parameter list supported from communicator, For example, see the table below:

Time parameter is identified edu(us) pdt(us) 0 100 10 1 50 5 2 10 1

So, from communicator by sending the data transmission period parameter list to principal communication device, principal communication device is just The whole traffic rates supported from communicator can be obtained, thus, in subsequent steps, principal communication device can be from the number According to the new traffic rate that its support is freely chosen in transmission time parameter list, to complete the conversion of traffic rate.

S104, principal communication device according to the communication rate information supported from communicator select one it is locally-supported new Communication rate information, and according under current time parameter 2NEach Bit String and time interval in the Bit String that individual length is N Corresponding relation sends frequency conversion request signal to from communicator, and frequency conversion request signal carries new communication rate information;

Wherein, new communication rate information can be the new time parameter for data transfer, or newly time parameter mark Know, the new time parameter mark is corresponded with new time parameter.

Wherein, two kinds included corresponding to the communication rate information of the support returned from communicator to same principal communication device Optional embodiment, principal communication device from according to the communication rate information supported from communicator select one it is locally-supported new Communication rate information can also at least include following two optional embodiments:

Mode one:If the communication rate information returned from communicator is the model for the traffic rate supported from communicator Enclose as data transmission period parameter area, then, new communication rate information is main communicator from the transmission time parameter In the range of the locally-supported transmission time parameter area that selects.

For example, the scope that the communication rate information returned from communicator is the traffic rate supported from communicator is Data transmission period parameter area, for example, edu scopes are 1us-100us, pdt scopes are 0.1us-10us, and principal communication device can Arbitrarily to be selected out of this parameter area, such as edu is 10us, and pdt scopes are 1us.

Mode one:If the communication rate information returned from communicator is to be one or more from leading to that communicator is supported Believe speed, as shown above, then, new communication rate information local is also supported for what main communicator was selected out of this table Transmission time parameter.

For example, principal communication device can select the 2nd grade from the transmission time parameter list, such as edu is 10us, pdt models Enclose for 1us.

Wherein, principal communication device has a variety of to the mode that frequency conversion request signal is sent from communicator, for example, can pass through Data-signal is transmitted.The transmission means that frequency conversion request signal is used is different, and this step is according to new communication rate information Determine that the mode of the new time parameter of data transfer is also different, referring specifically to the specific descriptions in Examples below.

Wherein, if principal communication device have selected the highest traffic rate from the communication rate information of communicator support, Communicating pair can be caused to reach most fast communication speed, and then improve the efficiency of transmission data.

S105, principal communication device receive the frequency conversion response signal returned from communicator according to current time parameter, and obtain Take the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in frequency conversion response signal, and each time interval pair in frequency conversion response signal The Bit String answered is indicated in the case of agreeing to use new communication rate information, determines that data are passed according to new communication rate information Defeated new time parameter;

Wherein, frequency conversion response signal may be carried to agree or disagree with and believed using the instruction of new communication rate information Breath, only in the case where agreeing to using new communication rate information from communicator, the traffic rate of both sides, which is just calculated, to be consulted into Work(, principal communication device can just carry out the transmitting-receiving of data using new communication rate information.

In the present embodiment, it may determine that from communicator and inquire about the communication whether new communication rate information belongs to its support Rate information, or, the rate limit allowed according to the power consumption of itself or business is agreed or disagreed with using new communication speed Rate information, in the case where agreeing to using new communication rate information from communicator, can ensured compliance with from communication equipment Business demand while, complete master-slave communication device traffic rate adjustment.By from the frequency conversion of communicator respond to Principal communication device feedback consult whether successful confirmation (i.e. frequency conversion respond), by from communicator to whether using newly The confirmation of the mode of communication rate information, can prevent the frequency conversion request signal that illegality equipment kidnaps principal communication device from distorting new Communication rate information the occurrence of, meanwhile, if disagreed from communicator according to the power consumption and demand of equipment of itself Traffic rate is converted, then, principal communication device and it can also continue to carry out data using current traffic rate from communicator Transmitting-receiving, does not interfere with normal data communication.

S106, principal communication device are obtained 2 under new time parameter according to new time parameterNIndividual length is each in N Bit String The corresponding relation of individual Bit String and time interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to corresponding relation, or, according to the new time Parameter receives the data-signal sent from communicator, and each time interval obtained in the data-signal received is corresponding Bit String, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, N >=1.

Wherein, principal communication device can use new time parameter to carry out sending and receiving for data and may refer to step S102 In embodiment, here is omitted.

, can be in the case where not interrupting data transfer in the present embodiment, principal communication device can be obtained from communicator The communication rate information of support, and new communication rate information is therefrom selected, sent by principal communication device to from communicator Frequency conversion request signal, the situation of the new communication rate information carried in agreeing to use the frequency conversion request signal from communicator Under, master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and uses the new time Parameter carries out the reception and/or transmission of data, while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment, completes master-slave communication The adjustment of the traffic rate of device, improves communication efficiency.

It should be noted that when the time parameter used during data transfer is different, the traffic rate of acquisition is also different, passes through Adjustment time parameter can realize the purpose of frequency conversion.For example, the value of current time parameter is adjusted into taking for new time parameter The value of etu in current time parameter (is namely adjusted to the value of etu in new time parameter, by current time parameter by value Middle pdt value is adjusted to the value of pdt in new time parameter), frequency conversion is carried out in data transfer and namely changes communication speed Rate, it is possible to achieve the optimization of the utilization of resources, for example, during some applications execution need not too high traffic rate, can now drop Low communication speed saves the purpose of electric energy to reach, higher traffic rate is needed when some applications are performed, can now be improved Traffic rate is with the more preferable function of realizing application.

In the present embodiment, in S104, disagreed if frequency conversion response signal is carried using new communication rate information Configured information, after step s 104, the present embodiment provide method also include:Each time in frequency conversion response signal It is spaced corresponding Bit String to indicate to disagree using in the case of new communication rate information, principal communication device is according to current time 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data to be sent and believed Number, or, the data-signal sent from communicator is received according to current time parameter, and obtain in the data-signal received The corresponding Bit String of each time interval.In the present embodiment, believed if disagreed from communicator using new traffic rate Breath, at least principal communication device and can also continue to carry out data transmit-receive, Bu Huiying using current traffic rate from communicator Ring normal data communication, it is ensured that the continuity of both data communication.

Embodiment 2

It is principal communication device in embodiment 1 to present embodiments provide the executive agent in a kind of communication means, this method Opposite equip. (i.e. from communicator), the communication means is pair of principal communication device in the communication means that provides in embodiment 1 The corresponding flow of end equipment, related content may refer to the description in embodiment 1.Fig. 2 shows provided in an embodiment of the present invention Another flow chart of communication means;This method includes:

S201, from communicator according to the default communication rate information consulted in advance with principal communication device determine data transfer Current time parameter;

S202, the parameter acquiring request signal sent from communicator according to current time parameter reception principal communication device;

S203, from communicator locally-supported communication rate information is obtained, and according under current time parameter 2NIt is individual long Spend each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in the Bit String for N and send parameter acquiring response signal to principal communication dress Put, parameter acquiring response signal carries the communication rate information supported from communicator;

Wherein, slave unit carries out the transmitting-receiving of data using current time parameter, may refer in the step S102 of embodiment 1 Description.Wherein, locally-supported communication rate information can be from communicator support traffic rate scope or One or more specific traffic rates, specifically may refer in embodiment 1 in step S103 to from communicator support it is logical Believe the description of rate information, here is omitted.

S204, the frequency conversion request signal sent from communicator according to current time parameter reception principal communication device, and obtain The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in frequency conversion request signal is taken, wherein, each time interval in frequency conversion request signal Corresponding Bit String indicates the new communication rate information that principal communication device is supported;

Wherein, new communication rate information can be the new time parameter for data transfer, or newly time parameter mark Know, the new time parameter mark is corresponded with new time parameter.The transmission means that frequency conversion request signal is used is different, this step It is also different in the mode for the new time parameter that data transfer is determined according to new communication rate information, referring specifically to Examples below In specific descriptions.

S205, the new time parameter that data transfer is determined from communicator according to new communication rate information, and according to institute State 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send and become frequency response Induction signal is to the principal communication device;

In the present embodiment, it may determine that from communicator and inquire about the communication whether new communication rate information belongs to its support Rate information, or, the rate limit allowed according to the power consumption of itself or business is agreed or disagreed with using new communication speed Rate information, by from the frequency conversion of communicator respond to principal communication device feedback consult whether (the i.e. frequency conversion of successful confirmation Response).

As an alternative embodiment, the step of frequency conversion response signal is sent from communicator to principal communication device can With after judging whether inquire about new communication rate information belongs to the communication rate information of its support from communicator, according to judgement Query Result sends corresponding frequency conversion response signal, and the following two kinds can be used by implementing:

Mode one, judge from communicator new time parameter whether from the locally-supported data transmission period of communicator In parameter area, new traffic rate is used if it is, sending frequency conversion response signal and frequency conversion response signal and carrying agreement The configured information of information, otherwise, sends frequency conversion response signal and frequency conversion response signal is carried and disagreed using new communication speed The configured information of rate information;

In this approach, include from the locally-supported communication rate information of communicator:It is locally-supported from communicator Data transmission period parameter area;New communication rate information includes new time parameter, and new time parameter includes edu and pdt.

Exemplary, from the locally-supported data transmission period parameter area of communicator, for example, edu scopes are 1us- 100us, pdt scope are 0.1us-10us, obtain after new time parameter, are judged respectively in new time parameter from communicator Whether edu values are in the range of edu, and whether pdt values are in the range of pdt, if edu value and pdt value are each In the range of, then illustrate to support to carry out data transmission according to new time parameter from communicator, then return to frequency conversion response signal And frequency conversion response signal carries the configured information agreed to using new communication rate information.Otherwise, for example in edu and pdt extremely There is a value less not in its corresponding scope, then illustrate not supporting from communicator to carry out data according to new time parameter Transmission, returns to frequency conversion response signal and frequency conversion response signal is carried to disagree and believed using the instruction of new communication rate information Breath.

Mode two, searching whether to exist new time ginseng from the locally-supported data transmission period parameter list of communicator Number, if found, returns to frequency conversion response signal and frequency conversion response signal carries agreement and uses new communication rate information Configured information, otherwise, return to frequency conversion response signal and frequency conversion response signal and carry to disagree and believed using new traffic rate The configured information of breath.

In this approach, include from the locally-supported communication rate information of communicator:It is locally-supported from communicator Data transmission period parameter list;New communication rate information includes new time parameter and/or new time parameter is identified, new time ginseng Number includes edu and pdt.

Exemplary, from the data transmission period parameter list of communicator support, such as embodiment 1 in step S102 Data transmission period parameter list.

Obtain after new time parameter, searched whether in the table comprising edu and pdt in new time parameter from communicator Value.If found, illustrate to support to carry out data transmission according to new time parameter from communicator, for example, new time ginseng Number is edu=50us, pdt=5us, can now be found in above-mentioned table time parameter be designated 1 time parameter with it is new Time parameter is identical, illustrates according to edu=50us, pdt=5us to carry out data transmission from communicator.Otherwise, explanation Do not support to carry out data transmission according to new time parameter from communicator.If found, frequency conversion response signal and change are returned Frequency response induction signal carries the configured information agreed to using new communication rate information, otherwise, returns to frequency conversion response signal and change Frequency response induction signal carries the configured information disagreed using new communication rate information.

Certainly, optionally, can also be from communicator when new communication rate information is identified using new time parameter Search whether there is new time parameter mark in the data transmission period parameter list of support, if finding new time parameter mark Know, it is determined that supporting to carry out data transmission according to new time parameter from communicator.

In addition, from communicator after new time parameter is obtained, can also be allowed according to itself power consumption or business Rate limit, is agreed or disagreed with using new communication rate information.Although for example, can be supported in itself from communicator at a high speed Communication, but the reason such as the limitation allowed according to business and the power consumption of equipment and the conversion for being configured to only support low-speed communication, such as Really, the new time parameter of acquisition exceedes the highest threshold value for allowing traffic rate to convert, then, even if new time parameter belongs to from logical The locally-supported communication rate information of T unit, can also refuse the conversion of traffic rate, return to dissenting frequency conversion response signal. In another example, the frequency conversion request signal that illegality equipment kidnaps principal communication device distorts new communication rate information, and the new communication Rate information is not belonging to from the locally-supported communication rate information of communicator, then can also refuse traffic rate from communicator Conversion, returns to dissenting frequency conversion response signal.So, by being confirmed whether to agree to use new traffic rate from communicator The step of, it can prevent the frequency conversion request signal of illegality equipment abduction principal communication device from distorting the situation of new communication rate information Generation, meanwhile, if from communicator according to the power consumption and demand of equipment of itself disagree traffic rate conversion, then, It principal communication device and can also continue to carry out data transmit-receive using current traffic rate from communicator, do not interfere with normal Data communication.

S206, frequency conversion response signal carry agree to using new communication rate information configured information in the case of, Obtained from communicator according to new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String and time in N Bit String The corresponding relation at interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to corresponding relation, or, principal communication is received according to new time parameter The data-signal that device is sent, and the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received is obtained, wherein, 2N Individual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, N >=1.

Wherein, the specific implementation for being carried out transmission and the transmitting-receiving of data using new time parameter from communicator is led to main T unit is similar, and simply main body is different, specifically may refer to the description of step S102 in embodiment 1.

In the present embodiment, it can be sent from communicator to principal communication device in the case where not interrupting data transfer The communication rate information of support, so that principal communication device therefrom selects new communication rate information, by principal communication device to from Communicator sends frequency conversion request signal, from communicator judge the frequency conversion request signal in the new communication rate information that carries Whether belong to its communication rate information supported or allowed, the feelings using the new communication rate information are being agreed to from communicator Under condition, when master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and uses this new Between parameter carry out data reception and/or transmission, while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment, complete principal and subordinate lead to The adjustment of the messaging parameter of the traffic rate of T unit, improves communication efficiency.

In the present embodiment, in above-mentioned steps S202-S205, before traffic rate conversion is not carried out, communicating pair The transmitting-receiving of data is carried out using the communication rate information of acquiescence, the communication rate information of the acquiescence is usually that both sides support Minimum traffic rate, it is possible thereby to the compatible various equipment supported high-speed communication and support low-speed communication, and ensure to support low speed The equipment of communication can be also connected with supporting the equipment of high-speed communication to set up, and be communicated.

In the present embodiment, in S205, disagreed if frequency conversion response signal is carried using new communication rate information Configured information, after step S205, the present embodiment provide method also include:Carry and disagree in frequency conversion response signal In the case of configured information using new communication rate information, from communicator according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data-signal to be sent in N Bit String, or, according to it is current when Between parameter receive the data-signal that principal communication device is sent, and obtain each time interval correspondence in the data-signal received Bit String.In the present embodiment, if disagreed from communicator using new communication rate information, at least principal communication device and It can also continue to carry out data transmit-receive using current traffic rate from communicator, do not interfere with normal data communication, protect Demonstrate,prove the continuity of both data communication.

Embodiment 3

In the present embodiment, new communication rate information includes new time parameter, and is transmitted by data-signal, this reality Apply the data-signal in example be principal communication device to the frequency conversion request signal sent from communicator, the frequency conversion request signal is Produced by principal communication device according to current time parameter.Fig. 3 shows another data transfer provided in an embodiment of the present invention The flow chart of method;This method includes:

S301, principal communication device are according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced send parameter acquiring request signal to from communicator;

S302, from communicator locally-supported communication rate information is obtained, according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length Parameter acquiring response signal is sent to principal communication device for each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval, The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in parameter acquiring response signal indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator, Such as data transmission period parameter area or data transmission period parameter list;

S303, principal communication device according to the communication rate information supported from communicator select one it is locally-supported new Communication rate information, new communication rate information is new time parameter;

S304, principal communication device are according under the current time parameter of data transfer 2NIndividual length is each in N Bit String Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval simultaneously produce F data-signal according to corresponding relation, wherein, the F data-signal In each data-signal at the beginning of to carve with the time interval carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal be a Bit String Corresponding time interval, F >=1 and F are natural number, and frequency conversion request signal includes F data-signal, and F data signal transmission is new Time parameter.

The new time parameter of F data signal transmission is used in the present embodiment.

The time parameter that current time parameter is main communicator and used when carrying out data transmission from communicator. Optionally, the current time parameter can include two time parameters, very first time parameter etu and the second time parameter pdt.

Principal communication device is obtained 2 under current time parameter according to current time parameter in this stepNIndividual length is N bit In the corresponding relation of the Bit String of each in string and time interval, with embodiment 1 in step S105 principal communication device according to the new time 2 under the new time parameter of gain of parameterNThe realization of each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in the Bit String that individual length is N It is similar, it will not be repeated here.

Exemplary, obtained in this step according to the current time parameter of data transfer 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length F data-signal is produced for each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval and according to the corresponding relation Realization it is as follows:Represented with new time parameter using sequence of data bits 00101011, N be 2 when exemplified by, now, 2NIndividual length Refer to for each Bit String in N Bit String 2 under 00,01,10,11, current time parameterNIndividual length is each in N Bit String The corresponding relation of individual Bit String and time interval, can include 00=etu, 01=etu+pdt, 10=etu+2pdt, 11=etu + 3pdt, wherein, 00=etu represents the signal transmitted data Bit String 00 for using time interval for etu, and 01=etu+pdt is represented Use time interval for etu+pdt signal transmitted data Bit String 01,10=etu+2pdt represents to use time interval for etu + 2pdt signal transmitted data Bit String 10,11=etu+3pdt represents to use time interval to transmit for etu+3pdt signal Data bit string 11.

, it is necessary to which carrying out coding produces 5 signals during transmission sequence of data bits 00101011 (namely new time parameter), Now F=5, the time interval between first signal and second signal is etu, for transmitting data bit string 00, second Time interval between individual signal and the 3rd signal is etu+2pdt, for transmitting data bit string 10, the 3rd signal with Time interval between 4th signal is etu+2pdt, for transmitting data bit string 10, the 4th signal and the 5th letter Time interval between number is etu+3pdt, for transmitting data bit string 11.

S305, principal communication device send F data-signal to from communicator;

For example, F data-signal can be sent in the following manner:

Obtain the sequence of data bits for representing new time parameter;

Sequence of data bits is grouped, every group of data bit string is N-bit;

According to the corresponding relation of acquisition, this group of data bit string is represented with the corresponding time interval of every group of data bit string Mode sends this group of data bit string.

S306, from communicator according to current time parameter receive F data-signal and according to each in F data-signal Time interval between being carved at the beginning of data-signal obtains new time parameter.

The F data-signal is frequency conversion request signal, for transmitting new time parameter.

It is exemplary, represented with new time parameter using sequence of data bits 00101011, when N is 2 exemplified by, now pass through F=5 can be known in step 301, after 5 signals are received from communicator, successively between the time between 5 signals of detection Every if the time interval detected is etu, decoding show that the data bit string of transmission is 00, if the time detected At intervals of etu+2pdt, then decoding show that the data bit string of transmission is 10, if the time interval detected is etu+3pdt, Then decoding show that the data bit string of transmission is 11, can obtain so as to be decoded successively according to the time order and function for receiving signal Sequence of data bits 00101011, so as to obtain new time parameter.

S307, from communicator judge inquire about the new time parameter belong to after locally-supported data transmission period parameter, According under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send and carried Frequency conversion response signal is to principal communication device, and frequency conversion response signal, which is carried, to be agreed to believe using the instruction of new communication rate information Breath;

S308, frequency conversion response signal carry agree to using new communication rate information configured information in the case of, Principal communication device and obtained from communicator all in accordance with new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is each in N Bit String The corresponding relation of individual Bit String and time interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to corresponding relation, or, according to the new time Parameter receives the data-signal that terminal device is sent, and obtains the corresponding ratio of each time interval in the data-signal received Spy's string, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, N >=1.

Wherein, step S308 implements the associated description that may refer to S106 in embodiment 1, will not be repeated here.

In the present embodiment, principal communication device and from communicator set up communication connection when consulted acquiescence Communication rate information, the communication rate information includes current time parameter, the step of before step S308 in, principal communication device With from communicator using current time parameter carry out data transmitting-receiving, wherein, principal communication device and from communicator produce And it is identical with the mode that F data-signal is produced and sent in step S304-S305 to send the mode of data-signal, principal communication dress Put and identical with the mode that F data-signal is received in step S306 from the mode of communicator reception data-signal, herein not Repeat again.

It should be noted that optional, the present embodiment in step S304, S305 principal communication device according to current time While parameter produces F data-signal (the F data-signal is for transmitting new time parameter), principal communication device can also be by According under current time parameter 2NIndividual length for each Bit String and time interval in N Bit String corresponding relation to from the dress that communicates Put and send other data-signals.Other data-signals be used for transmit principal communication device need be sent to from communicator other Data.Accordingly, F data-signal (F data are being received according to current time parameter from communicator in step S306 Signal is used to transmit new time parameter) while, it can also receive principal communication device according to current time parameter from communicator Other data sent.Wherein, principal communication device produces and sends the mode of other data-signals with being produced in step S304, S305 The mode given birth to and send F data-signal is identical, and the side for other data-signals that principal communication device is sent is received from communicator Formula is identical with the mode that F data-signal is received in step S306, will not be repeated here.

, can be in the case where not interrupting data transfer in the present embodiment, principal communication device can be obtained from communicator The communication rate information of support, and new communication rate information is therefrom selected, sent by principal communication device to from communicator Frequency conversion request signal, the situation of the new communication rate information carried in agreeing to use the frequency conversion request signal from communicator Under, master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and uses the new time Parameter carries out the reception and/or transmission of data, while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment, completes master-slave communication The adjustment of the traffic rate of device, improves communication efficiency.

Embodiment 4

The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 3 are:New communication rate information is identified including new time parameter, other realities Existing process is same as Example 3, and identical content is no longer described in detail, reference can be made to the associated description of embodiment 3.

New communication rate information is also to be transmitted by data-signal in the present embodiment, and the data-signal is by principal communication Device is produced according to current time parameter.Fig. 4 shows also a kind of flow of data transmission method provided in an embodiment of the present invention Figure;This method includes:

S401, principal communication device are according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced send parameter acquiring request signal to from communicator;

S402, from communicator locally-supported communication rate information is obtained, according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length Parameter acquiring response signal is sent to principal communication device for each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval, The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in parameter acquiring response signal indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator, Such as data transmission period parameter area or data transmission period parameter list;

S403, principal communication device according to the communication rate information supported from communicator select one it is locally-supported new Communication rate information, new communication rate information includes:New time parameter and new time parameter mark;

S404, principal communication device are obtained 2 under current time parameter according to the current time parameter of data transferNIndividual length is In N Bit String each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval and according to corresponding relation produce F data-signal, wherein, Carve corresponding for a Bit String with the time interval carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal at the beginning of each data-signal Time interval, F >=1 and F are natural number, and F data-signal includes new time parameter mark;

In the present embodiment, identified by the new time parameter of F data signal transmission, the new time parameter mark is new Communication rate information.

S405, principal communication device send F data-signal to from communicator;

For example, F data-signal can be sent in the following manner:

Obtain the sequence of data bits for representing new time parameter;Sequence of data bits is grouped, every group of data bit Go here and there as N-bit;According to the corresponding relation of acquisition, this group of data bit string is represented with the corresponding time interval of every group of data bit string Mode send this group of data bit string.

S406, the F data-signal sent from communicator reception principal communication device, and according to each in F data-signal Time interval between being carved at the beginning of individual data-signal obtains new time parameter mark, and new time parameter is searched in preset table Identify corresponding new time parameter.

Wherein, the new time parameter mark is corresponded with new time parameter.For example, new time parameter is designated 0, correspondence New time parameter can be etu=100us, pdt=10us, when new time parameter is designated 1, corresponding new time parameter can Think etu=10us, pdt=1us etc..Preset table is used for the correspondence pass for storing new time parameter mark and new time parameter System, new time parameter can be determined by tabling look-up according to new time parameter mark.

S407, from communicator judge inquire about the new time parameter belong to after locally-supported data transmission period parameter, According under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send and carried Frequency conversion response signal is to principal communication device, and frequency conversion response signal, which is carried, to be agreed to believe using the instruction of new communication rate information Breath;

S408, frequency conversion response signal carry agree to using new communication rate information configured information in the case of, Principal communication device and obtained from communicator all in accordance with new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is each in N Bit String The corresponding relation of individual Bit String and time interval, and according to the corresponding relation send data-signal, or, according to it is described new when Between parameter receive data-signal and time interval in data-signal obtains the corresponding Bit String of the time interval, its In, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of the different Bit Strings is different, N >=1.

In the present embodiment, principal communication device and from communicator set up communication connection when consulted acquiescence Communication rate information, the communication rate information includes current time parameter, the step of before step S408 in, principal communication device With from communicator using current time parameter carry out data transmitting-receiving, wherein, principal communication device and from communicator produce And it is identical with the mode that F data-signal is produced and sent in step S404-S405 to send the mode of data-signal, principal communication dress Put and identical with the mode that F data-signal is received in step S406 from the mode of communicator reception data-signal, herein not Repeat again.

It should be noted that optional, the present embodiment in step S404-S405 principal communication device according to current time While parameter produces F data-signal (the F data-signal is for transmitting new time parameter), principal communication device can also be by According under current time parameter 2NIndividual length for each Bit String and time interval in N Bit String corresponding relation to from the dress that communicates Put and send other data-signals.Other data-signals be used for transmit principal communication device need be sent to from communicator other Data.Accordingly, F data-signal (F data are being received according to current time parameter from communicator in step S406 Signal is used to transmit new time parameter) while, it can also receive principal communication device according to current time parameter from communicator Other data sent.Wherein, principal communication device produces and sends the mode of other data-signals with being produced simultaneously in step S404 The mode for sending F data-signal is identical, from communicator receive other data-signals that principal communication device is sent mode and The mode that F data-signal is received in step S407 is identical, will not be repeated here.

, can be in the case where not interrupting data transfer in the present embodiment, principal communication device can be obtained from communicator The communication rate information of support, and new communication rate information is therefrom selected, sent by principal communication device to from communicator Frequency conversion request signal, the situation of the new communication rate information carried in agreeing to use the frequency conversion request signal from communicator Under, master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and uses the new time Parameter carries out the reception and/or transmission of data, while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment, completes master-slave communication The adjustment of the traffic rate of device, improves communication efficiency.

Embodiment 5

The embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of communication system, for performing above-mentioned communication means, as shown in figure 5, the system Realize can for principal communication device 10 and the function from communicator 20 including principal communication device 10 and from communicator 20, the system So that referring to the associated description in above-described embodiment 1 to 4, same or like flow will not be repeated here.In the system, principal communication dress It for example can be terminal to put, for example can be from communicator electronic payment devices (for example, electric signing tools key, intelligence Card, key card in-one devices etc.).

The system is briefly described below:

As shown in figure 5, the system includes:Principal communication device 10 and from communicator 20.Wherein, principal communication device 10, is used In to from communicator 20 according under current time parameter 2NEach Bit String and time interval in the Bit String that individual length is N Corresponding relation sends parameter acquiring request signal, from communicator 20, for receiving the parameter acquiring according to current time parameter Request signal, and locally-supported communication rate information is obtained, to principal communication device according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length Parameter acquiring response signal, parameter acquiring response are sent for each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval Signal carries the communication rate information supported from communicator;Principal communication device 10, is additionally operable to connect according to current time parameter The parameter acquiring response signal is received, and the get parms corresponding Bit String of each time interval obtained in response signal, the ratio Spy's string indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator, and one is selected according to the communication rate information supported from communicator Locally-supported new communication rate information, and to from communicator according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is N bit The Bit String of each in string and the corresponding relation of time interval send frequency conversion request signal, and frequency conversion request signal carries new communication Rate information;From communicator 20, it is additionally operable to determine the new time parameter of data transfer according to new communication rate information, and to Principal communication device is according under new time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String Send frequency conversion response signal;Principal communication device 10 and from communicator 20, is additionally operable to carry agreement in frequency conversion response signal and adopts In the case of configured information with new communication rate information, obtained according to new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to corresponding relation, or Person, the data-signal that terminal device is sent is received according to new time parameter, and when obtaining each in the data-signal received Between be spaced corresponding Bit String, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, and N >= 1。

In the present embodiment, the communication system can be in the case where not interrupting data transfer, and principal communication device can be obtained The communication rate information supported from communicator, and therefrom select new communication rate information, by principal communication device to from logical T unit sends frequency conversion request signal, the new traffic rate carried in agreeing to use the frequency conversion request signal from communicator In the case of information, master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and made The reception and/or transmission of data are carried out with the new time parameter, it is complete while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment Into the adjustment of the traffic rate of master-slave communication device, communication efficiency is improved.

Principal communication device 10 is briefly described below:

As shown in fig. 6, principal communication device 10 includes:Traffic rate control module 101, sending module 102 and receiving module 103, wherein:

Traffic rate control module 101, for determining that the current time of data transfer is joined according to default communication rate information Count, and trigger sending module 102 and perform the operation that parameter acquiring request signal is sent according to current time parameter;Sending module 102, for according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String Parameter acquiring request signal is sent extremely from communicator;Receiving module 103, is filled for being received according to current time parameter from communication The parameter acquiring response signal of return is put, and the corresponding Bit String of each time interval obtained in response signal that gets parms, Wherein, the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in parameter acquiring response signal indicates the traffic rate supported from communicator Information;Traffic rate control module 101, is additionally operable to select this twelve Earthly Branches according to the communication rate information supported from communicator The new communication rate information held, and trigger sending module 102 and perform and send frequency conversion request signal according to current time parameter Operation;Sending module 102, is additionally operable to according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced send frequency conversion request signal to from communicator, frequency conversion request signal carries new traffic rate letter Breath;Receiving module 103, is additionally operable to receive the frequency conversion response signal returned from communicator according to current time parameter;Communication speed Rate control module 101, is additionally operable to obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in frequency conversion response signal;And in frequency conversion response The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in signal indicates to agree to using in the case of new communication rate information, according to new Communication rate information determines the new time parameter of data transfer;Obtained according to new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String, and sending module is triggered according under new time parameter 2NIt is individual Length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data-signal to be sent, or, reception connects The data-signal sent from communicator that the new time parameter of basis of module transfer is received is received, and obtains the data received The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in signal, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and different Bit String it is corresponding when Between be spaced different, N >=1;Sending module 102, is additionally operable to according to 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length compares for each in N Bit String Spy's string and the corresponding relation of time interval send data-signal to be sent;Receiving module 103, is additionally operable to be connect according to new time parameter The data-signal sent from communicator is received, and is transmitted to traffic rate control module.

, can be in the case where not interrupting data transfer in the present embodiment, principal communication device can be obtained from communicator The communication rate information of support, and new communication rate information is therefrom selected, sent by principal communication device to from communicator Frequency conversion request signal, the situation of the new communication rate information carried in agreeing to use the frequency conversion request signal from communicator Under, master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and uses the new time Parameter carries out the reception and/or transmission of data, while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment, completes master-slave communication The adjustment of the traffic rate of device, improves communication efficiency.

As an alternative embodiment, traffic rate control module 101, is additionally operable to each in frequency conversion response signal The corresponding Bit String of individual time interval indicates to disagree using in the case of new communication rate information, according to current time parameter Obtain 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in N Bit String, and is triggered Sending module 102 is according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is corresponding with time interval for each Bit String in N Bit String Relation sends data-signal to be sent, or, receive that receiving module 103 transmits according to current time parameter receive from logical The data-signal that T unit is sent, and obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received;Send Module 102, is additionally operable to according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and pair of time interval in N Bit String Transmission data-signal to be sent should be related to;Receiving module 103, is additionally operable to be received from communicator transmission according to current time parameter Data-signal, and transmit to traffic rate control module.

In the present embodiment, frequency conversion response signal may carry the finger agreed or disagreed with using new communication rate information Show information, only in the case where agreeing to using new communication rate information from communicator, the traffic rate of both sides just calculates association Business's success, principal communication device can just carry out the transmitting-receiving of data using new communication rate information.If different from communicator Meaning use new communication rate information, at least principal communication device and from communicator can also continue to use current traffic rate Data transmit-receive is carried out, normal data communication is not interfered with, it is ensured that the continuity of both data communication.

As an alternative embodiment, new communication rate information includes new time parameter;As shown in fig. 6, main logical T unit 10 also includes:Signal generator module 104, for sending frequency conversion request signal extremely from communicator in sending module 102 Before 20, frequency conversion request signal is produced;

Signal generator module 104 produces frequency conversion request signal in the following manner:Join according to the current time of data transfer Several lower 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, wherein, F The time interval with being carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal is carved at the beginning of each data-signal in individual data-signal is The corresponding time interval of one Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number, and frequency conversion request signal includes F data-signal, F data Signal transmits new time parameter.

As an alternative embodiment, new communication rate information is identified including new time parameter;Signal produces mould Block 104, for sending frequency conversion request signal to before communicator 20 in sending module 102, produces frequency conversion request signal;

Signal generator module 104 produces frequency conversion request signal in the following manner:Join according to the current time of data transfer Several lower 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, wherein, F The time interval with being carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal is carved at the beginning of each data-signal in individual data-signal is The corresponding time interval of one Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number, and frequency conversion request signal includes F data-signal, F data Signal transmits new time parameter mark.

Below to being briefly described from communicator 20:

As shown in fig. 7, including from communicator 20:Traffic rate control module 201, sending module 202, receiving module 203, wherein:

Traffic rate control module 201, for according to the default communication rate information consulted in advance with principal communication device 10 Determine the current time parameter of data transfer;Receiving module 203, sends out for receiving principal communication device 10 according to current time parameter The parameter acquiring request signal sent;Traffic rate control module 201, is additionally operable to receive principal communication device hair in receiving module 203 After the parameter acquiring request signal sent, locally-supported communication rate information is obtained;Sending module 202, for according to it is current when Between 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring response and believed Number to principal communication device 10, parameter acquiring response signal carries locally-supported communication rate information;Receiving module 203, also For receiving the frequency conversion request signal that principal communication device 10 is sent according to current time parameter;Traffic rate control module 201, also For obtaining the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in frequency conversion request signal, wherein, during each in frequency conversion request signal Between be spaced corresponding Bit String and indicate the new communication rate information that principal communication device is supported, and according to new communication rate information Determine the new time parameter of data transfer;Sending module 202, is additionally operable to according under current time parameter 2NIndividual length is N ratio Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send frequency conversion response signal to principal communication device 10 in spy's string;Traffic rate control Molding block, is additionally operable in the case where frequency conversion response signal carries the configured information for agreeing to use new communication rate information, Obtained according to new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is corresponding with time interval for each Bit String in N Bit String Relation, and sending module 202 is triggered according under new time parameter 2NIndividual length is for each Bit String in N Bit String and between the time Every corresponding relation send data-signal to be sent, or, receive the new time parameter of basis that receiving module 203 transmits and receive The data-signal that sends of principal communication device, and obtain the corresponding bit of each time interval in the data-signal that receives String, wherein, 2NIndividual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of different Bit Strings is different, N >=1;Sending module 202, also For according under new time parameter 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send and treated Send data-signal;Receiving module 201, is additionally operable to receive the data-signal that principal communication device is sent according to new time parameter, and Transmit to traffic rate control module 201.

In the present embodiment, it can be sent from communicator to principal communication device in the case where not interrupting data transfer The communication rate information of support, so that principal communication device therefrom selects new communication rate information, by principal communication device to from Communicator sends frequency conversion request signal, from communicator judge the frequency conversion request signal in the new communication rate information that carries Whether belong to its communication rate information supported or allowed, the feelings using the new communication rate information are being agreed to from communicator Under condition, when master and slave communicator obtains the new time parameter of data transfer according to the new communication rate information and uses this new Between parameter carry out data reception and/or transmission, while ensuring compliance with from the business demand of communication equipment, complete principal and subordinate lead to The adjustment of the messaging parameter of the traffic rate of T unit, improves communication efficiency.

As an alternative embodiment, traffic rate control module 201, is additionally operable to carry in frequency conversion response signal In the case of disagreeing the configured information using new communication rate information, current time parameter is obtained according to current time parameter Lower 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval, and trigger sending module 202 according to work as 2 under preceding time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data to be sent Signal, or, the data for receiving the principal communication device transmission received according to current time parameter that receiving module 203 is transmitted are believed Number, and obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received;Sending module 202, be additionally operable to according to 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send number to be sent It is believed that number;Receiving module 203, is additionally operable to receive the data-signal that principal communication device 10 is sent according to current time parameter, and pass Transport to traffic rate control module 201.

As an alternative embodiment, new communication rate information includes new time parameter;Frequency conversion request signal bag Include:The F data-signal for transmitting new time parameter, wherein, F data-signal is joined by principal communication device according to current time Several lower 2NIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval are produced, wherein, F data-signal In each data-signal at the beginning of to carve with the time interval carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal be a Bit String Corresponding time interval, F >=1 and F are natural number;

Receiving module 203 receives the frequency conversion request signal of principal communication device transmission in the following manner:Receiving module according to Current time parameter receives F data-signal;

Each time interval that traffic rate control module 201 is obtained in frequency conversion request signal in the following manner is corresponding Bit String, and determine according to new communication rate information the new time parameter of data transfer:According to each number in F data-signal It is believed that number at the beginning of carve between time interval obtain new time parameter.

As an alternative embodiment, new communication rate information is identified including new time parameter;Frequency conversion request letter Number include:The F data-signal for transmitting new time parameter mark, F data-signal by principal communication device according to it is current when Between 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval are produced, wherein, F data The time interval carved at the beginning of being carved at the beginning of each data-signal in signal with an adjacent upper signal is a ratio The corresponding time interval of spy's string, F >=1 and F are natural number;

Receiving module 203 receives the frequency conversion request signal of principal communication device transmission in the following manner:According to current time Parameter receives F data-signal;

Each time interval that traffic rate control module 201 is obtained in frequency conversion request signal in the following manner is corresponding Bit String, and determine according to new communication rate information the new time parameter of data transfer:According to each number in F data-signal It is believed that number at the beginning of carve between time interval obtain new time parameter mark, new time parameter mark is searched in preset table Corresponding new time parameter.

As an alternative embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, also including from communicator 20:Inquiry judging module 204, Wherein:

Locally-supported communication rate information includes:Locally-supported data transmission period parameter area, inquiry judging mould Block 204, for judging new time parameter whether in locally-supported data transmission period parameter area;Or, it is locally-supported Communication rate information include:Put locally-supported data transmission period parameter list, inquiry judging module 204, for local Search whether there is new time parameter in the data transmission period parameter list of support;

Sending module 202 sends frequency conversion response signal to principal communication device in the following manner:If inquiry judging module Inquiry judging result be yes, then to frequency conversion response signal is sent to principal communication device, and frequency conversion response signal carries agreement Using the configured information of new communication rate information, if the inquiry judging result of inquiry judging module 204 is no, lead to main T unit returns to frequency conversion response signal and frequency conversion response signal is carried to disagree and believed using the instruction of new communication rate information Breath.

Any process described otherwise above or method description are construed as in flow chart or herein, represent to include Module, fragment or the portion of the code of one or more executable instructions for the step of realizing specific logical function or process Point, and the scope of the preferred embodiment of the present invention includes other realization, wherein can not be by shown or discussion suitable Sequence, including according to involved function by it is basic simultaneously in the way of or in the opposite order, carry out perform function, this should be of the invention Embodiment person of ordinary skill in the field understood.

It should be appreciated that each several part of the present invention can be realized with hardware, software, firmware or combinations thereof.Above-mentioned In embodiment, the software that multiple steps or method can in memory and by suitable instruction execution system be performed with storage Or firmware is realized.If, and in another embodiment, can be with well known in the art for example, realized with hardware Any one of row technology or their combination are realized:With the logic gates for realizing logic function to data-signal Discrete logic, the application specific integrated circuit with suitable combinational logic gate circuit, programmable gate array (PGA), scene Programmable gate array (FPGA) etc..

Those skilled in the art are appreciated that to realize all or part of step that above-described embodiment method is carried Rapid to can be by program to instruct the hardware of correlation to complete, described program can be stored in a kind of computer-readable storage medium In matter, the program upon execution, including one or a combination set of the step of embodiment of the method.

In addition, each functional unit in each embodiment of the invention can be integrated in a processing module, can also That unit is individually physically present, can also two or more units be integrated in a module.Above-mentioned integrated mould Block can both be realized in the form of hardware, it would however also be possible to employ the form of software function module is realized.The integrated module is such as Fruit is realized using in the form of software function module and as independent production marketing or in use, can also be stored in a computer In read/write memory medium.Storage medium mentioned above can be read-only storage, disk or CD etc..

Claims (15)

1. a kind of communication means, it is characterised in that including:
Principal communication device determines the current time parameter of data transfer according to default communication rate information;According to the current time 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring request signal Extremely from communicator;
The parameter acquiring that the principal communication device is returned according to being received the current time parameter from communicator responds letter Number, and the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the parameter acquiring response signal is obtained, wherein, the parameter acquiring is rung The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in induction signal indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator;
The principal communication device according to the communication rate information supported from communicator select one it is locally-supported new Communication rate information, and according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is for each Bit String in N Bit String and between the time Every corresponding relation send frequency conversion request signal to described from communicator, the frequency conversion request signal carries described new logical Believe rate information;
The frequency conversion response signal that the principal communication device is returned according to being received the current time parameter from communicator, and Obtain the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion response signal, and each in the frequency conversion response signal The corresponding Bit String of time interval indicates to agree to using in the case of the new communication rate information, according to the new communication Rate information determines the new time parameter of data transfer;
The principal communication device is obtained 2 under new time parameter according to the new time parameterNIndividual length is each in N Bit String The corresponding relation of Bit String and time interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to the corresponding relation, or, according to described New time parameter receives the data-signal sent from communicator, and obtains each time in the data-signal received Corresponding Bit String is spaced, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of the different Bit Strings is not Together, N >=1.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes the new time ginseng Number;
Described according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and pair of time interval in N Bit String Transmission parameter acquiring request signal should be related to before communicator, methods described also includes:The principal communication device is produced The frequency conversion request signal;
The principal communication device produces the frequency conversion request signal, including:According under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is N Bit String in each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, wherein, the F data-signal In each data-signal at the beginning of to carve with the time interval carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal be a Bit String Corresponding time interval, F >=1 and F are natural number, and the frequency conversion request signal includes the F data-signal, the F numbers It is believed that number transmission new time parameter.
3. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes new time parameter mark Know;
Described according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and pair of time interval in N Bit String Transmission parameter acquiring request signal should be related to before communicator, methods described also includes:The principal communication device is produced The frequency conversion request signal;
The principal communication device produces the frequency conversion request signal, including:According under the current time parameter of the data transfer 2N Individual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, wherein, the F The time interval carved at the beginning of being carved at the beginning of each data-signal in data-signal with an adjacent upper signal is one The corresponding time interval of individual Bit String, F >=1 and F are natural number, and the frequency conversion request signal includes the F data-signal, institute State the new time parameter mark of F data signal transmission.
4. a kind of communication means, it is characterised in that including:
From communicator according to the default communication rate information consulted in advance with principal communication device determine data transfer it is current when Between parameter;
It is described that the parameter acquiring request letter that the principal communication device is sent is received according to the current time parameter from communicator Number, and locally-supported communication rate information is obtained, and according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is in N Bit String Each Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send parameter acquiring response signal to the principal communication device, and the parameter is obtained Response signal is taken to carry the communication rate information supported from communicator;
It is described that the frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent is received according to the current time parameter from communicator, and The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal is obtained, wherein, it is each in the frequency conversion request signal The new communication rate information that the individual time interval corresponding Bit String instruction principal communication device is supported;
The new time parameter for determining data transfer according to the new communication rate information from communicator, and according to described 2 under current time parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send frequency conversion response Signal is to the principal communication device;
In the case where the frequency conversion response signal carries the configured information for agreeing to use the new communication rate information, institute State and obtained from communicator according to the new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is each Bit String in N Bit String With the corresponding relation of time interval, and data-signal to be sent is sent according to the corresponding relation, or, according to the new time Parameter receives the data-signal that the principal communication device is sent, and obtains each time interval pair in the data-signal received The Bit String answered, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of the different Bit Strings is different, and N >= 1。
5. method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes the new time ginseng Number;
The frequency conversion request signal includes:The F data-signal for transmitting the new time parameter, wherein, the F data Signal is by the principal communication device according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced produce, wherein, at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal quarter with it is adjacent upper The time interval carved at the beginning of one signal is the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, and F >=1 and F are natural number;
It is described that the frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent is received according to the current time parameter from communicator, and The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal is obtained, including:It is described from communicator according to described Current time parameter receives the F data-signal, and according to being carved in the F data-signal at the beginning of each data-signal Between time interval obtain the new communication rate information.
6. method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes new time parameter mark Know;
The frequency conversion request signal includes:The F data-signal for transmitting the new time parameter mark, the F data Signal is by the principal communication device according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced produce, wherein, at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal quarter with it is adjacent upper The time interval carved at the beginning of one signal is the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, and F >=1 and F are natural number;
It is described that the frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent is received according to the current time parameter from communicator, and The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal is obtained, including:It is described from communicator according to described Current time parameter receives the F data-signal, and according to being carved in the F data-signal at the beginning of each data-signal Between time interval obtain the new communication rate information, wherein, when the new communication rate information includes described new Between parameter identification;
It is described to determine that the new time parameter of data transfer includes according to the new communication rate information:Institute is searched in preset table State new time parameter and identify the corresponding new time parameter.
7. the method according to any one of claim 4 to 6, it is characterised in that
The communication rate information locally-supported from communicator includes:The data transfer locally-supported from communicator Time parameter scope;It is described transmission frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, including:It is described to judge described from communicator Whether new time parameter is in the data transmission period parameter area locally-supported from communicator, if it is, sending The frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and the frequency conversion response signal carries agreement and uses the new communication The configured information of rate information, otherwise, sends the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and frequency conversion response and believes Number carry the configured information disagreed using the new communication rate information;
Or, the communication rate information locally-supported from communicator includes:The number locally-supported from communicator According to transmission time parameter list;It is described transmission frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, including:Described from communicator sheet Search whether there is the new time parameter in the data transmission period parameter list that ground is supported, if found, send described Frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and the frequency conversion response signal carries agreement and uses the new traffic rate The configured information of information, otherwise, sends the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and the frequency conversion response signal and takes With the configured information disagreed using the new communication rate information.
8. a kind of communicator, it is characterised in that including:
Traffic rate control module, for determining the current time parameter of data transfer according to default communication rate information, and is touched Send out sending module and perform the operation that parameter acquiring request signal is sent according to the current time parameter;
Sending module, for according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is for each Bit String in N Bit String and between the time Every corresponding relation send parameter acquiring request signal to from communicator;
Receiving module, the parameter acquiring for being returned according to current time parameter reception from communicator responds letter Number, and the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the parameter acquiring response signal is obtained, wherein, the parameter acquiring is rung The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in induction signal indicates the communication rate information supported from communicator;
The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to select a sheet according to the communication rate information supported from communicator The new communication rate information that ground is supported, and trigger the sending module perform send frequency conversion according to the current time parameter please Ask the operation of signal;
The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the current time parameterNIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String with The corresponding relation of time interval sends frequency conversion request signal to described from communicator, and the frequency conversion request signal carries described New communication rate information;
The receiving module, the frequency conversion for being additionally operable to return from communicator according to being received the current time parameter responds letter Number;
The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to obtain the corresponding bit of each time interval in the frequency conversion response signal String;And the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion response signal indicates to agree to using the new communication speed In the case of rate information, the new time parameter of data transfer is determined according to the new communication rate information;According to it is described new when Between 2 under the new time parameter of gain of parameterNEach Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval in the Bit String that individual length is N, and The sending module is triggered according under the new time parameter 2NIndividual length is each Bit String and time interval in N Bit String Corresponding relation send data-signal to be sent, or, receive being connect according to the new time parameter for the receiving module transmission The data-signal sent from communicator received, and obtain each time interval correspondence in the data-signal received Bit String, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and the corresponding time interval of the different Bit Strings is different, N >=1;
The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the new time parameterNIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced send the data-signal to be sent;
The receiving module, is additionally operable to the data-signal sent according to being received the new time parameter from communicator, and Transmit to the traffic rate control module.
9. communicator according to claim 8, it is characterised in that when the new communication rate information includes described new Between parameter;
The communicator also includes:Signal generator module, for sending the frequency conversion request signal extremely in the sending module It is described before communicator, produce the frequency conversion request signal;
The signal generator module produces the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner:According to the data transfer it is current when Between 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, its In, carved at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal with carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal when Between at intervals of the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, F >=1 and F is natural number, the frequency conversion request signal includes the F Data-signal, new time parameter described in the F data signal transmission.
10. communicator according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes the new time Parameter identification;
The communicator also includes:Signal generator module, for sending the frequency conversion request signal extremely in the sending module It is described before communicator, produce the frequency conversion request signal;
The signal generator module produces the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner:According to the data transfer it is current when Between 2 under parameterNIndividual length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval produce F data-signal, its In, carved at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal with carved at the beginning of an adjacent upper signal when Between at intervals of the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, F >=1 and F is natural number, the frequency conversion request signal includes the F Data-signal, the new time parameter mark of F data signal transmission.
11. a kind of communicator, it is characterised in that including:
Traffic rate control module, for determining that data are passed according to the default communication rate information consulted in advance with principal communication device Defeated current time parameter;
Receiving module, for receiving the parameter acquiring request letter that the principal communication device is sent according to the current time parameter Number;
The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to receive the parameter acquiring that the principal communication device is sent in the receiving module After request signal, locally-supported communication rate information is obtained;
Sending module, for according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length is for each Bit String in N Bit String and between the time Every corresponding relation send parameter acquiring response signal to the principal communication device, the parameter acquiring response signal is carried State locally-supported communication rate information;
The receiving module, is additionally operable to receive the frequency conversion request letter that the principal communication device is sent according to the current time parameter Number;
The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to obtain the corresponding bit of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal String, wherein, the corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the frequency conversion request signal indicates what the principal communication device was supported New communication rate information, and determine according to the new communication rate information the new time parameter of data transfer;
The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the current time parameterNIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String with The corresponding relation of time interval sends frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device;
The traffic rate control module, is additionally operable to carry in the frequency conversion response signal and agrees to using the new communication speed In the case of the configured information of rate information, obtained according to the new time parameter 2 under new time parameterNIndividual length is N bit The corresponding relation of the Bit String of each in string and time interval, and the sending module is triggered according under the new time parameter 2NIt is individual Length is that each Bit String in N Bit String and the corresponding relation of time interval send data-signal to be sent, or, receive institute The data-signal that the principal communication device received according to the new time parameter of receiving module transmission is sent is stated, and is obtained The corresponding Bit String of each time interval in the data-signal received, wherein, 2NThe individual Bit String is different, and not With the Bit String, corresponding time interval is different, N >=1;
The sending module, is additionally operable to according to 2 under the new time parameterNIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced send the data-signal to be sent;
The receiving module, is additionally operable to receive the data-signal that the principal communication device is sent according to the new time parameter, and Transmit to the traffic rate control module.
12. communicator according to claim 11, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes described new Time parameter;
The frequency conversion request signal includes:The F data-signal for transmitting the new time parameter, wherein, the F data Signal is by the principal communication device according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced produce, wherein, at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal quarter with it is adjacent upper The time interval carved at the beginning of one signal is the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, and F >=1 and F are natural number;
The receiving module receives the frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent in the following manner:The receiving module The F data-signal is received according to the current time parameter;
The traffic rate control module obtains each time interval correspondence in the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner Bit String, and determine according to the new communication rate information the new time parameter of data transfer:According to the F numbers it is believed that Time interval between being carved at the beginning of the data-signal of each in number obtains the new time parameter.
13. communicator according to claim 11, it is characterised in that the new communication rate information includes the new time Parameter identification;
The frequency conversion request signal includes:The F data-signal for transmitting the new time parameter mark, the F data Signal is by the principal communication device according under the current time parameter 2NIndividual length for N Bit String in each Bit String and when Between the corresponding relation that is spaced produce, wherein, at the beginning of each data-signal in the F data-signal quarter with it is adjacent upper The time interval carved at the beginning of one signal is the corresponding time interval of a Bit String, and F >=1 and F are natural number;
The receiving module receives the frequency conversion request signal that the principal communication device is sent in the following manner:According to described current Time parameter receives the F data-signal;
The traffic rate control module obtains each time interval correspondence in the frequency conversion request signal in the following manner Bit String, and determine according to the new communication rate information the new time parameter of data transfer:According to the F numbers it is believed that Time interval between being carved at the beginning of the data-signal of each in number obtains new time parameter mark, is searched in preset table described New time parameter identifies the corresponding new time parameter.
14. the communicator according to any one of claim 11 to 13, it is characterised in that also include:Inquiry judging mould Block, wherein:
The locally-supported communication rate information includes:The locally-supported data transmission period parameter area, it is described to look into Judge module is ask, for judging the new time parameter whether in the locally-supported data transmission period parameter area; Or, the locally-supported communication rate information includes:It is described to put locally-supported data transmission period parameter list, it is described to look into Judge module is ask, for searching whether there is the new time ginseng in the locally-supported data transmission period parameter list Number;
The sending module sends the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device in the following manner:If the inquiry The inquiry judging result of judge module is yes, then to sending the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device, and described is become Frequency response induction signal carries the configured information agreed to using the new communication rate information, if the inquiry judging module Inquiry judging result is no, then returns to the frequency conversion response signal to the principal communication device and the frequency conversion response signal is carried There is the configured information disagreed using the new communication rate information.
15. a kind of communication system, it is characterised in that including:Principal communication device and from communicator, wherein, the principal communication dress Put using the communicator as described in any one of claim 8 to 10;It is described to use such as claim 11 to 14 from communicator Communicator described in any one.
CN201710165238.3A 2017-03-20 2017-03-20 A kind of communication means, apparatus and system CN107124248B (en)

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