CN107114106B - Interplanting cultivation method for Tanggute radix et rhizoma rhei and common turnip - Google Patents

Interplanting cultivation method for Tanggute radix et rhizoma rhei and common turnip Download PDF

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CN107114106B
CN107114106B CN201710469538.0A CN201710469538A CN107114106B CN 107114106 B CN107114106 B CN 107114106B CN 201710469538 A CN201710469538 A CN 201710469538A CN 107114106 B CN107114106 B CN 107114106B
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radix
seeds
tanggute
rhizoma rhei
genkwa
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CN107114106A (en
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周国英
杨路存
李长斌
周国强
聂秀青
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Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology of CAS
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Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology of CAS
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of agricultural planting, in particular to an interplanting cultivation method for rheum tanguticum and daphne genkwa roots. The method comprises the following steps: leveling land, applying base fertilizer, turning over, crushing and raking; ditching according to the row spacing of 50-80cm, wherein the furrow depth is 2cm, and the plant spacing is 25-50cm, and sowing the seeds of Tanggute extra-large yellow; ditching in the middle of the row spacing of the Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei with the depth of 1cm, and drilling seeds of the Genkwa roots at the row spacing of 8-15 cm; after the two seeds grow, topdressing is carried out for two times in 7 months and 8 months respectively. So that the Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and the Genkwa root can grow together. The lilac daphne roots are biennial plants, can be harvested after being planted for 10 months in the same year, have high growth speed, can quickly occupy the middle open space of the rheum tanguticum, prevent weeds from spreading, and can reduce the field weeding cost of rheum tanguticum. The invention relates to a cultivation method for interplanting medicinal plant Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and forage plant radix Genkwa, which can realize large-scale industrialized planting of radix Et rhizoma Rhei and radix Genkwa, realize double harvest, and adjust planting structure in wide Qinghai-Tibet plateau pastoral area.

Description

Interplanting cultivation method for Tanggute radix et rhizoma rhei and common turnip
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural planting, in particular to an interplanting cultivation method for rheum tanguticum and daphne genkwa roots.
Background
Rheum tanguticum Maxim. ex Regel is perennial big herb of Rheum (Rheum) of Polygonaceae; the stem is upright, the height of the stem and inflorescence is up to 2m, the root is thick and fat, the diameter is up to 10cm, and the root length is 30-100 cm. The major producing area of Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei is Qinghai plateau, and is the original plant of famous genuine local medicinal materials of Qinghai, and the medicinal materials are named as Xining rhubarb, etc. Mainly distributed in Qinghai province, northern Sichuan and southwest of Gansu. The Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei in My province is mainly distributed in forest, meadow and degraded meadow areas of fruit loe, Shandong, North sea, Huang south and Jade trees, and has geographical range of about 32 degrees 31 '-39 degrees 05' N, 97 degrees 49 '-103 degrees 04' E, elevation 2800-. The Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei is one of the genuine medicinal materials with high quality in Qinghai due to its excellent texture, bright color, high oiliness, high effective components, pure nature and no pollution, and is also a major export product except for large supply in domestic markets. The production of high-quality rhubarb always depends on the harvest of wild plants for a long time, the resources are not effectively protected, the resources are gradually exhausted due to the excessive digging of rhubarb, and some varieties fall into places which are endangered and extincted. Meanwhile, the earth surface vegetation is seriously damaged by excessive excavation, so that the ecological environment for the growth of the rhubarb is damaged to different degrees, and the degradation of the grassland and the water and soil loss are aggravated. Rhubarb, as a rare Chinese medicine in short supply in the market, has been artificially planted in Qinghai province. However, the high cost of artificial weeding in the drug field is always an important factor for restricting the development and growth of the industry.
The method is based on that 1-2-year-old Chinese rhubarb plants are shorter and shorter, the distribution range of root systems is narrower, the leaf surfaces are difficult to cover the ground, 3-year-old plants grow tall and big, the coverage range of a plant cluster reaches 1 square meter per plant, and the planting requirement of the Chinese rhubarb plants is larger row spacing, generally 50-80 cm; however, the characteristics that weeds are easily bred in the open row area of the current year and the 2 nd year of the planting of the Rheum tanguticum Maxim, a professional herbicide is lacked, and the field manual weeding cost is high are developed in a targeted manner.
Turnip (Brassica rapa L.) named radix Brassicae Rapae (registered medical record) is a biennial herb of Brassica (Brassica) of Brassicaceae; the root tuber is fleshy, spherical, oblate or oblong, the outer skin is white, yellow or red, the root tuber is white or yellow, and the root tuber has no pungent taste. Cooked root tuber food or pickled Chinese cabbage or used as feed, and used as substitute for grain in cold mountain areas (Chinese plant society, China Committee for plant development, 2004). It is described as a plant for feeding in "plant for feeding in China" (plant for feeding in China, ed. committee for edition, 1987). The Tibet plant journal states that root tubers are used as food for important vegetables (national academy of sciences, Qinghai-Tibet plateau comprehensive scientific research team, 1985).
Turnip root is widely cultivated in Qinghai, Alba of Sichuan, Ganzui autonomous State and parts of Tibet. The yuenkanin is planted in the field by utilizing the medicinal material field, on one hand, the yuenkanin can be used as a vegetable or beverage raw material, on the other hand, the yuenkanin can be used for processing medicines, and on the third hand, the yuenkanin can be used as a feed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an interplanting cultivation method for rheum tanguticum and yuenkanin, which aims to solve the technical problems.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
an interplanting cultivation method for Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and radix Genkwa comprises the following steps:
leveling land, applying base fertilizer, turning over, crushing and raking;
sowing the seeds of the Tanggute radix et rhizoma Rhei according to the row spacing of 50-80cm, the plant spacing of 25-50cm and the depth of 2 cm;
sowing seeds of the common turnip in the middle of the row spacing of the seeds of the great rhubarb from Tanggute according to the row spacing of 8-15cm and the depth of 1 cm;
after the two seeds grow seedlings, topdressing is carried out twice in 7 months and 8 months respectively, thinning is carried out in the middle ten days of 7 months, the plant distance of the Tanggute radix et rhizoma Rhei is kept between 40 and 50cm, and the plant distance of the Genkwa root is kept between 10 and 15cm, so that the excessive density of the seedlings of the Tanggute radix et rhizoma Rhei and the Genkwa root is prevented, and the yield is influenced.
Preferably, the base fertilizer is diammonium phosphate, and the fertilizing amount is 20-30 kg/mu.
Preferably, the sowing quantity of the seeds of the great rhubarb from Tangguo is 4.5-5.5 kg/mu, and the sowing mode is drill sowing.
Preferably, the sowing amount of the seeds of the lilac daphne roots is 0.8-1.2 kg/mu, and the sowing mode is drill sowing.
Preferably, the sowing time of the seeds of the great yellows of Tangguo and the seeds of the common turnip is 5 to 6 ten days per year.
Preferably, after the two seeds emerge, applying urea twice in 7 months and 8 months respectively, wherein the fertilizing amount of the urea is 4.5-5.5 kg/mu.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the radix genkwa and the radix genkwa grow together, the radix genkwa is a biennial plant, the edible and feeding parts are roots and stems, the Chinese medicinal herb is harvested in 10 months of the year, the growth speed is high, the Chinese medicinal herb can quickly occupy the middle open space of the radix genkwa in Tangguchi, the weed spreading of a medicinal field is prevented, and the weeding cost is not required to be additionally increased. Meanwhile, the radix et rhizoma Rhei can grow normally in the next year because the radix Genkwa does not occupy the space of radix et rhizoma Rhei and does not influence the growth of radix et rhizoma Rhei. The invention relates to a cultivation method for interplanting medicinal plant Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and forage plant radix Genkwa, which can realize large-scale industrialized planting of radix Et rhizoma Rhei and radix Genkwa, realize double harvest, and adjust planting structure in wide Qinghai-Tibet plateau pastoral area.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of interplanting tanggute radix rhei and yuankanin in the embodiment of the invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it is to be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in figure 1, the interplanting cultivation method of Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and radix Genkwa comprises the following steps:
leveling land, applying base fertilizer, turning over, crushing and raking; ditching according to the row spacing of 50cm, wherein the furrow depth is 2cm, and the plant spacing is 25-50cm, and sowing seeds of Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei 101 in rows; ditching in the middle of the row spacing of the seeds of the Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei 101 with the depth of 1cm, and drilling seeds of the Genkwa 102 at the row spacing of 8-15 cm; after the two seeds grow, topdressing is carried out twice in 7 months and 8 months respectively, and thinning is carried out in the middle of 7 months.
Preferably, the base fertilizer is diammonium phosphate, and the fertilizing amount is 20-30 kg/mu.
Preferably, the drill seeding rate of the seeds of the great rhubarb from Tanggute is 4.5 to 5.5 kilograms per mu.
Preferably, the drill seeding rate of the lilac daphne root seeds is 0.8-1.2 kg/mu.
Preferably, the sowing time of the seeds of the great yellows of Tangguo and the seeds of the common turnip is 5 to 6 ten days per year.
Preferably, after the two seeds emerge, applying urea twice in 7 months and 8 months respectively, wherein the fertilizing amount of the urea is 4.5-5.5 kg/mu.
The radix genkwa and the radix genkwa grow together, the radix genkwa is a biennial plant, the edible and feeding parts are roots and stems, the radix genkwa is harvested in 10 months in the year, the growth speed is high, the radix genkwa can quickly occupy the middle open space of the radix genkwa, the weed spreading is prevented, and the weeding cost is not required to be additionally increased. Meanwhile, the radix et rhizoma Rhei can grow normally in the next year because the radix Genkwa does not occupy the space of radix et rhizoma Rhei and does not influence the growth of radix et rhizoma Rhei. The invention relates to a cultivation method for interplanting medicinal plant Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and forage plant radix Genkwa, which can realize large-scale industrialized planting of radix Et rhizoma Rhei and radix Genkwa, realize double harvest, and adjust planting structure in wide Qinghai-Tibet plateau pastoral area.
Specifically, the technology of the invention is mainly used for planting in plateau areas, after the ground surface is properly leveled, base fertilizer (25 kilograms per mu of diammonium phosphate) is applied, then the ground surface is plowed (30-40cm), and a rotary cultivator is used for crushing soil and raking the land for seeding.
Ditching between the middle ten days of 5 months and the last ten days of 6 months according to the row spacing of 50cm, sowing the seeds of the Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei 101 with the depth of 2cm and the row spacing of 30cm, wherein the sowing amount is 5 kg/mu; then ditching in the middle of the row spacing of the Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei 101 seeds, sowing the seeds of the turnip 102 with the row spacing of 10cm, sowing the seeds with the sowing quantity of 1 kg/mu, and leveling.
Thinning the seedlings at proper time after the seedlings are grown out, and keeping the plant spacing of rhubarb to be 40-50cm and the plant spacing of common turnip to be 10-15 cm. And additionally applying 5 kilograms of urea per mu in 7 months and 8 months respectively to allow the two plants to grow together. The turnip is a biennial plant, the edible and feeding parts are roots and stems, and the turnip is harvested in 10 months in the year, so that the turnip can quickly occupy the middle open space of the Tanggute rhubarb at a high growth speed, and the weed can be prevented from spreading. Meanwhile, the growth of the common turnip does not occupy the space of rhubarb, so that the growth of rhubarb is not influenced. The second year, the rhubarb can grow normally.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention in any way, and any person skilled in the art can make many changes or modifications to the equivalent embodiments without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. An interplanting cultivation method for Tanggute radix Et rhizoma Rhei and radix Genkwa is characterized by comprising the following steps:
leveling land, applying base fertilizer, turning over, crushing and raking;
ditching according to the row spacing of 50-80cm, wherein the furrow depth is 2cm, and the plant spacing is 25-50cm, and sowing seeds of Tanggute radix et rhizoma Rhei in rows;
ditching in the middle of the row spacing of the seeds of the extreme yellow of Tanggute, wherein the depth of the ditch is 1cm, and sowing seeds of the lilac daphne root in a row manner according to the row spacing of 8-15 cm;
after the two seeds grow, topdressing is carried out for two times in 7 months and 8 months respectively;
the base fertilizer is diammonium phosphate, and the fertilizing amount is 20-30 kg/mu;
the drill seeding quantity of the seeds of the Tanggute radix et rhizoma Rhei is 4.5-5.5 kg/mu; the drill seeding quantity of the seeds of the lilac daphne roots is 0.8-1.2 kg/mu; the sowing time of the seeds of the extreme yellow of Tanggute and the seeds of the common turnip is from 5 to 6 ten days of the year; after the two seeds emerge, applying urea twice in 7 months and 8 months, wherein the fertilizing amount of the urea is 4.5-5.5 kg/mu.
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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102986404A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-03-27 肥西县农业技术推广中心 Potato and cotton interplanting high-yield culture technique
CN105340536A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-02-24 界首市憨友西瓜专业合作社 Interval interplanting method for watermelons and vegetables
CN106818180A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-06-13 安徽菲扬农业科技有限公司 The high yield cultivating method that a kind of corn is interplanted with garlic

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102986404A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-03-27 肥西县农业技术推广中心 Potato and cotton interplanting high-yield culture technique
CN105340536A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-02-24 界首市憨友西瓜专业合作社 Interval interplanting method for watermelons and vegetables
CN106818180A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-06-13 安徽菲扬农业科技有限公司 The high yield cultivating method that a kind of corn is interplanted with garlic

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