CN107114101A - A kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107114101A
CN107114101A CN201710418747.2A CN201710418747A CN107114101A CN 107114101 A CN107114101 A CN 107114101A CN 201710418747 A CN201710418747 A CN 201710418747A CN 107114101 A CN107114101 A CN 107114101A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
oxen
muck
horses
organic vegetable
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Pending
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CN201710418747.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范子辉
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Hefei Navigation Eco Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
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Hefei Navigation Eco Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710418747.2A priority Critical patent/CN107114101A/en
Publication of CN107114101A publication Critical patent/CN107114101A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, (1) wheat stalk is coated with soil surface after crushing, and is placed 30 45 days after watering;(2) soil is ploughed deeply, and applies the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed, is divulged information 37 days;(3) desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into the soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85 1.2thm‑2;(3) after smooth soil, field furrow is built and gutter is excavated, the 30cm of field furrow width 20,20 30cm of height;Continuously pour permeable irrigate 34 times;(4) covering with ground sheeting is after planting used, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film;(5) 7 Septembers take off the plantation of film open country.The present invention solves the problems, such as the salination of greenhouse gardening soil, improves and optimize the soil environment of greenhouse gardening.

Description

A kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural monitoring field, more particularly to a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse.
Background technology
The ecological agriculture is a new stage of agricultural development, the current ecological agriculture showed scale, maximization, Specialized trend.Requirement of the ecological agriculture to environment is higher, fast and accurately monitoring soil moisture content and the soil moisture etc. Factor, be it is timely carry out Drought analysis, instruct Crop Water-saving Technology to irrigate, the most important element task such as Ensuring Food Safety it One.Modern greenhouse greenhouse by time and space due to not limited, using more and more extensive.
With the fast development of greenhouse cultivation, the long-term culture underglass of earth's surface changes the original ecological environment of soil, its temperature Degree, humidity, illumination, miniclimate etc. all have a very large change, and soil evaporates often in high temperature, high humidity, height, drenched without rainwater In molten environment, people often blindly apply fertilizer produce in addition in, and the physicochemical character and biological characteristics of soil generate very big Change, especially soil salt table product phenomenon substantially, cause soil secondary salinization, the MAIN SOILS produced into booth vegetable Obstruction factor.The soil salinization refers to that solubility salt is migrated with water and accumulated to top layer in soil, the process that content exceedes.
The soil salinization not only makes the true phosphate content of vegetables exceeded, and murder by poisoning is produced to human body, and the sugared nitrogen of plant is than reduction, Occur beneficial to disease, reduce chemical fertilizer utilization ratio, reduce output ratio, cause soil and surface water pollution, dislike ecological environment Change, decline in benefits.Therefore, how to realize the saliferous improvement of plastic shed soil is the problem of being currently needed for solving.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, solves greenhouse gardening soil Salination problem, improves and optimizes the soil environment of greenhouse gardening.
The present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, wherein, comprise the following steps:
(1) wheat stalk is coated with soil surface after crushing, and is placed 30-45 days after watering;
(2) soil is ploughed deeply, and applies the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed, is divulged information 3-7 days;
(3) desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into the soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85-1.2thm-2
(3) after smooth soil, field furrow is built and gutter, field furrow width 20-30cm, height 20-30cm is excavated;Continuously pour It is permeable to irrigate 3-4 times;
(4) covering with ground sheeting is after planting used, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film;
(5) plantation of film open country is taken off the 7-9 months.
It is preferred that, in addition to:(6) after every batch of vegetables harvest, 2-3 month clovers of plantation.
It is preferred that, when the step (2) applies oxen and horses muck, be mixed into biogas residue, biogas slurry in oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck with Biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1.
It is preferred that, when daily minimal tcmperature is more than 0 degree Celsius, daily 12 noon is divulged information 2 hours between 2 pm.
It is preferred that, using grou1ndwater irrigation.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The present invention is coated with soil surface using stalk, and the acceleration stalk that waters rots, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of wheat stalk compared with Greatly, wheat stalk is rotted in soil during decomposing, and edaphon secures nutrient ion in part in soil, causes soil Earth nutrient ion concentration declines, and reduces Soil Salinization Process.Continuously pour permeable 3-4 times prior to seeding simultaneously, by the salt of native table Dilution is divided to sink, excess salt flows into gutter with water and discharged, and the salt concentration around root system is alleviated, while in annual 7- September takes off the plantation of film open country, makes full use of rainwater to elute the salinity in topsoil, effectively controls the soil salinization.
The compound organic fertilizer that the present invention is combined using stalk, oxen and horses muck, biogas residue, biogas slurry, is produced during using manure fermentation Raw humic acid is improved to soil, while improving the fertility of soil, promotes plant growth.Using the method for the present invention, energy Enough effectively control soil salinizations, compared with soil in the green house of vegetables without use the inventive method, the present invention can be reduced The 60-80% soil salinization.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, wherein, comprise the following steps:
(1) wheat stalk is coated with soil surface after crushing, and is placed 30 days after watering;
(2) soil is ploughed deeply, and applies the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed, is divulged information 3-7 days;
(3) desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into the soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85thm-2
(3) after smooth soil, field furrow is built and gutter, field furrow width 20cm, height 20cm is excavated;Continuously pour permeable filling Irrigate 3 times;
(4) covering with ground sheeting is after planting used, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film;
(5) plantation of film open country is taken off the 7-9 months.
In the embodiment, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of wheat stalk is larger, while being also the important sources of potash fertilizer, by wheat stalk powder It is coated with after broken in soil surface, and the acceleration stalk that waters rots, stalk rots in decomposable process, and edaphon secures soil Middle part nutrient ion, causes soil nutrient ion concentration to decline, and reduces Soil Salinization Process.
Soil is ploughed deeply, the thin rake of deep ploughing effectively prevent soil hardening, improve soil granular structure, strengthens permeable breathable, Improved soil character, retain water and nutrients, reduction salinity harm.The oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is applied in soil is ploughed deeply, soil is added The content of organic matter of earth, the mixing of stalk and oxen and horses muck improves soil environment, promotes the numerous of different soils microbe groups Grow.The oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed is in addition to it can be supplied to a number of nutrient of soil, when further being become thoroughly decomposed in soil, soil Microorganism absorbs the nitrogen in soil and temporarily fixed, so as to reduce the salinity of the soil liquid.
Desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85thm-2;Desulfurated plaster Ca2+Replace soil Middle Na+Ion, while under the leaching of irrigation water, promoting the improved effect to salt-affected soil.The administration of desulfurated plaster The degree of salinity according to plastic shed soil is measured, consumption is correspondingly improved or reduce.
Continuously pour permeable 3-4 times prior to seeding simultaneously, the leaching of irrigation water promotes water drenching and rushes salt, by soil surface Salinity dilution sink, excess salt with water flow into gutter discharge, alleviate the salt concentration around root system.And annual Take off the plantation of film open country the 7-9 months, make full use of rainwater to elute the salinity in topsoil, effectively control the soil salinization.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, and difference from Example 1 is, also adopts With covering with ground sheeting, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film.It can according to the actual requirements be irrigated, save water consumption.Because Canopy temperature is higher, and greenhouse internal-external temperature difference is larger, and condensate is easily formed in the presence of high temperature and the temperature difference, causes wet in canopy Degree is larger, and salinity is also risen to earth's surface by the salinity in soil with the process of moisture evaporation, further increases the salt marsh of soil Change, therefore the present invention uses covering with ground sheeting, reduces the transpiration of moisture, reduces soil salinization degree.
In the embodiment, 68% soil salinization degree can be reduced using this method.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, comprises the following steps:
(1) wheat stalk is coated with soil surface after crushing, and is placed 30-45 days after watering;
(2) soil is ploughed deeply, and applies the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed, is divulged information 3-7 days;
(3) desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into the soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85-1.2thm-2
(3) after smooth soil, field furrow is built and gutter, field furrow width 20-30cm, height 20-30cm is excavated;Continuously pour It is permeable to irrigate 3-4 times;
(4) covering with ground sheeting is after planting used, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film;
(5) plantation of film open country is taken off the 7-9 months;
(6) after every batch of vegetables harvest, 2-3 month clovers are also planted.
The clover of the embodiment is alfalfa.After Planting Medicago sativa, improve the porosity of soil, permeable breathable and Saltiness.Continuous Planting Medicago sativa more than 6 times, soil salinization degree, i.e. soil salt content can reduce by 75%.
Embodiment 4:
The present embodiment provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, and difference from Example 1 is, described When step (2) applies oxen and horses muck, biogas residue, biogas slurry are mixed into oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck and the mass ratio of biogas residue, biogas slurry are 3:1.
Soil organic matter content can be increased by increasing green manure, improved soil texture and rhizosphere environment, be conducive to soil micro- Biological activity, so as to increase soil fertility, suppresses salt accumulation.
Embodiment 5:
The present embodiment provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, and difference from Example 1 is, in day When the lowest temperature is more than 0 degree Celsius, daily 12 noon is divulged information 2 hours between 2 pm.
The closure of plastic sheeting is strong, and air exchanges hindered with the external world in canopy, the water of soil evaporation and leaf transpiration Vapour is difficult to dissipate, therefore, high humidity in canopy.In the case of greenhouse ventilation on daytime, relative air humidity is raised with temperature in canopy And reduce.Night is often 100%.Humid air can condense into moisture film or water droplet afterwards to the cold in canopy, be attached to film inner surface or plant On strain body.Culturing vegetable plant is tall and big, branches and leaves it is luxuriant in the case of, the changes of concentrations of carbon dioxide in canopy in air is very acute It is strong.
In the embodiment, when temperature is relatively low in the winter time, to avoid frostbite vegetable crop, daily minimal tcmperature 0 degree Celsius with When upper, daily 12 noon is divulged information 2 hours between 2 pm.When other seasonal temperatures are higher, can in greenhouse humidity it is larger When be ventilation, promote canopy in highly humid air with the external world low-humidity air be exchanged, be effectively reduced relative humidity in canopy.
Embodiment 6:
The present embodiment provides a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, and difference from Example 1 is, uses Grou1ndwater irrigation.Agricultural irrigation is carried out using the low underground water of salt content, the salinity in soil can be not only filtered off, additionally it is possible to subtract Few soil hardening, soil protection structure and permeability.
Embodiment 7:
The present invention uses a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, comprises the following steps:
(1) wheat stalk is coated with soil surface after crushing, and is placed 45 days after watering;
(2) plough deeply soil, and apply the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed, be mixed into biogas residue, biogas slurry in oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck with Biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1;Ventilation 3-7 days;
(3) desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into the soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 1.1thm-2
(3) after smooth soil, field furrow is built and gutter, field furrow width 20cm, height 25cm is excavated;Continuously pour permeable filling Irrigate 3 times;Using grou1ndwater irrigation;
(4) covering with ground sheeting is after planting used, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film;
(5) plantation of film open country is taken off the 7-9 months;
(6) after every batch of vegetables harvest, 2-3 month clovers of plantation.
In the embodiment, 78% soil salinization degree can be reduced using this method.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
(1) wheat stalk is coated with soil surface after crushing, and is placed 30-45 days after watering;
(2) soil is ploughed deeply, and applies the oxen and horses muck of semi-decomposed, is divulged information 3-7 days;
(3) desulfurization gypsum powder is spilled into the soil after ploughing deeply, amount of application is 0.85-1.2thm-2
(3) after smooth soil, field furrow is built and gutter, field furrow width 20-30cm, height 20-30cm is excavated;Continuously pour permeable Irrigate 3-4 times;
(4) covering with ground sheeting is after planting used, and hose type drip irrigation belt is laid under mulch film;
(5) plantation of film open country is taken off the 7-9 months.
2. the soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include:(6) every After stubble vegetables harvest, 2-3 month clovers of plantation.
3. the soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step (2) is applied When entering oxen and horses muck, biogas residue, biogas slurry are mixed into oxen and horses muck, oxen and horses muck and biogas residue, the mass ratio of biogas slurry are 3:1.
4. the soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Daily minimal tcmperature is 0 When more than degree Celsius, daily 12 noon is divulged information 2 hours between 2 pm.
5. the soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Filled using underground water Irrigate.
CN201710418747.2A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of soil improvement method of organic vegetable greenhouse Pending CN107114101A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107409738A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-01 金寨益企学农业科技有限公司 A kind of plantation cultural method for improving quality of vegetable
CN107628905A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-01-26 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline-alkali land soil conditioner based on coal-fired flue gas desulfurization gypsum and biogas waste material and preparation method thereof
CN108633560A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-10-12 泰州市蒲公英农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of low cost fruit and vegetable greenhouses continuous cropping implantation methods
CN109743922A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-14 盐城市农产品质量监督检验测试中心 A kind of modification method of booth vegetable soil
CN110692305A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-17 兰州理工大学 Method for rapidly returning waste fruits and vegetables and straws to field in greenhouse

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103210713A (en) * 2013-05-05 2013-07-24 涂维浩 Method for improving soil fertility of greenhouse and preventing soil disease
CN104221665A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-24 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Saline soil drip-irrigation salt control cultivation method
CN104221522A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-24 山东无棣金土地开发建设有限公司 Improvement method for waste salt pan
CN105075444A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-11-25 上海崇明低碳农业科技有限公司 Soil improving method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103210713A (en) * 2013-05-05 2013-07-24 涂维浩 Method for improving soil fertility of greenhouse and preventing soil disease
CN105075444A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-11-25 上海崇明低碳农业科技有限公司 Soil improving method
CN104221522A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-24 山东无棣金土地开发建设有限公司 Improvement method for waste salt pan
CN104221665A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-24 天津市农业资源与环境研究所 Saline soil drip-irrigation salt control cultivation method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107409738A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-01 金寨益企学农业科技有限公司 A kind of plantation cultural method for improving quality of vegetable
CN107628905A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-01-26 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Saline-alkali land soil conditioner based on coal-fired flue gas desulfurization gypsum and biogas waste material and preparation method thereof
CN108633560A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-10-12 泰州市蒲公英农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of low cost fruit and vegetable greenhouses continuous cropping implantation methods
CN109743922A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-14 盐城市农产品质量监督检验测试中心 A kind of modification method of booth vegetable soil
CN110692305A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-17 兰州理工大学 Method for rapidly returning waste fruits and vegetables and straws to field in greenhouse

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Application publication date: 20170901