CN107101606A - A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method - Google Patents

A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107101606A
CN107101606A CN201710388544.3A CN201710388544A CN107101606A CN 107101606 A CN107101606 A CN 107101606A CN 201710388544 A CN201710388544 A CN 201710388544A CN 107101606 A CN107101606 A CN 107101606A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
measurement data
revolving dial
harmonic
attitude error
data
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Pending
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CN201710388544.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王军辉
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Jiangsu Misiou Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Misiou Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiangsu Misiou Intelligent Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Misiou Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710388544.3A priority Critical patent/CN107101606A/en
Publication of CN107101606A publication Critical patent/CN107101606A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/22Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring angles or tapers; for testing the alignment of axes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method, the measurement data in D1, S1, N1 is handled using harmonic analysis method, measurement data is resolved into a stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic is obtained, and draws harmonic curve.A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method that the present invention is provided, by multiple measurement data, analysis processing result is shown, when changing the verticality of pedestal, constant term amplitude changes.When changing the perpendicularity of platform, the amplitude of fundamental wave changes.Therefore, in the installation and debugging process of revolving dial, error separate, accurate error identifying source, so as to improve the accuracy of error compensation and the efficiency of error correction can be carried out according to measurement data.

Description

A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method, belong to technical field of automation equipment.
Background technology
Revolving dial all has been widely used in industrial systems such as machinery, aviation, instrument, electronics, the posture of revolving dial Precision is one of important precision index of system.For the revolving dial of some complication systems, produce the link of attitude error compared with It is many, the adjustment of past revolving dial, by manual observation level meter reading, through adjusting the level of can be only achieved repeatedly, so that leveling Time is longer, and leveling precision is influenceed larger by human factor.
So how fast and effeciently to measure revolving dial is Automated assembly industry problem in urgent need to solve.
The content of the invention
Purpose:In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of revolving dial attitude error Measuring method.
Technical scheme:In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method, comprises the following steps:
Step one:The initial zero position of main axis is determined, measures, is fixed every 5 ° -10 ° in measured object since initial zero position Measured once on point, the data of measurement one week carry out angle evaluation, generate appraisal report and exist in data file D1.
Step 2:Two the same side fot screw height of adjustment, improve 0.5mm, change the verticality of base axis;Measurement Method carries out angle evaluation with step one, generates appraisal report and exists in data file S1;
Step 3:The 0.5mm clearance gauges on the pad of measured workpiece side, change the perpendicularity between revolving dial and main shaft;Measuring method With step one, angle evaluation is carried out, appraisal report is generated and exists in data file N 1;
Step 4:The measurement data in D1, S1, N1 is handled using harmonic analysis method, measurement data is resolved into one Stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, obtain the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic, and draw harmonic curve.
Preferably, measured once on measured object fixing point every 5 ° in the step one.
Preferably, measured once on measured object fixing point every 10 ° in the step one.
Preferably, the step 2 also include adjustment with survey two fot screws higher than initial value 0.8mm, 1.0mm, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, and measurement data is stored in S2, S3;The step 3 also includes changing successively The perpendicularity that revolving dial and main shaft are asked, pads 0.8mm, 1.0mm clearance gauge, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, measures number According to being stored in N2, N3;Step 4:The measurement data in D1, S1, S2, S3, N1, N2, N3 is handled using harmonic analysis method, Measurement data is resolved into a stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic is obtained, and drawn Go out harmonic curve.
Preferably, the step 2 also include adjustment with survey two fot screws higher than initial value 1.5mm, 1.8mm, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, and measurement data is stored in S4, S5;The step 3 also includes changing successively The perpendicularity that revolving dial and main shaft are asked, pads 1.5mm, 1.8mm clearance gauge, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, measures number According to being stored in N4, N5;Step 4:The measurement data in D1, S1, S4, S5, N1, N4, N5 is handled using harmonic analysis method, Measurement data is resolved into a stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic is obtained, and drawn Go out harmonic curve.
Preferably, the step 2 also includes adjustment and is higher than initial value 2.0mm with two fot screws are surveyed, successively Repeat step one, carries out angle evaluation, and measurement data is stored in S6;The step 3 also includes changing revolving dial and main shaft successively The perpendicularity asked, pads 2.0mm clearance gauges, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, and measurement data is stored in N6;Step 4:Profit The measurement data in D1, S1, S6, N1, N6 is handled with harmonic analysis method, measurement data is resolved into a stationary component With some multifrequency sinusoid components, the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic are obtained, and draws harmonic curve.
Beneficial effect:A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method that the present invention is provided, with advantages below:
(1), using articulated arm coordinate measuring machine as survey tool, flexible, general, on-line metering detection can be realized, can Mass data is stored, software computing function is powerful, facilitates portable, cheap, with wide applicability.
(2), by setting up the geometrical model of revolving dial, the attitude error mathematical modeling of revolving dial, analytical error knot are set up Structure, by the changing rule of experimental verification error structure, theoretical direction is provided for compensation error.
(3), the data for storing articulated arm coordinate measuring machine are introduced directly into error separate calculation procedure, can be quick Ground obtains analysis result, instructs the leveling of revolving dial.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is too many levels revolving dial measurement structural representation.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, test revolving dial structural model is main by reference platform, pedestal, main shaft, trunnion axis, vertical axes With the part of work top five composition.The survey tool of the present embodiment is Hai Kesikang articulated arm coordinate measuring machines, and measurement accuracy is 0016 °, the error produced by too many levels revolving dial links may finally be embodied in the test data of end, if The error of links in the data of test, can be isolated, is had to the error compensation of the revolving dial of too many levels important Directive significance.Articulated arm coordinate measuring machine is placed on reference platform the revolving dial with indexing fluted disc is measured, Attitude error will appear as angle of the measured workpiece relative to reference platform, and joint arm measuring machine often turns over 10 ° in revolving dial Gather a data.
A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method, is comprised the following steps that:
Step one:The initial zero position of main axis is determined, is measured since initial zero position, every 10 ° in measured object fixing point Once, measurement obtains 36 data in one week, carries out angle evaluation for upper measurement, generates appraisal report and simultaneously exists in data file D1.
Step 2:Two the same side fot screw height of adjustment, improve 0.5mm, change the verticality of base axis.Measurement Method carries out angle evaluation with step one, generates appraisal report and exists in data file S1.Change the lead of base axis successively Sag, adjustment is higher than initial value 0.8mm, 1.0mm, 1.5mm, 1.8mm, 2.0mm with two fot screws are surveyed, and is repeated in step Rapid one, angle evaluation is carried out, measurement data is stored in s2~S6.
Step 3:The 0.5mm clearance gauges on the pad of measured workpiece side, change the perpendicularity between revolving dial and main shaft.Measurement Method carries out angle evaluation with step one, generates appraisal report and exists in data file N 1.Successively change revolving dial and The perpendicularity that main shaft is asked, pad 0.8mm, 1.0mm, 1.5mm, 1.8 mm, 2.0 mm clearance gauges, is repeated in step one, carries out angle Evaluate, measurement data is stored in N2~N6.
Step 4:Using harmonic analysis method to the measurement in D1, S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, N1, N2, N3, N4, N5, N6 Data are handled, and measurement data is resolved into a stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, shaking for each harmonic is obtained Width and phase angle, and draw harmonic curve.
By multiple measurement data, analysis processing result is shown, when changing the verticality of pedestal, constant term amplitude hair Changing.When changing the perpendicularity of platform, the amplitude of fundamental wave changes.Therefore, the installation in revolving dial and debugging process In, error separate, accurate error identifying source, so as to improve the accuracy and error of error compensation can be carried out according to measurement data The efficiency of correction.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that:For the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step one:The initial zero position of main axis is determined, measures, is fixed every 5 ° -10 ° in measured object since initial zero position Measured once on point, the data of measurement one week carry out angle evaluation, generate appraisal report and exist in data file D1;
Step 2:Two the same side fot screw height of adjustment, improve 0.5mm, change the verticality of base axis;Measuring method With step one, angle evaluation is carried out, appraisal report is generated and exists in data file S1;
Step 3:The 0.5mm clearance gauges on the pad of measured workpiece side, change the perpendicularity between revolving dial and main shaft;Measuring method With step one, angle evaluation is carried out, appraisal report is generated and exists in data file N 1;
Step 4:The measurement data in D1, S1, N1 is handled using harmonic analysis method, measurement data is resolved into one Stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, obtain the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic, and draw harmonic curve.
2. a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step one Measured once on measured object fixing point every 5 °.
3. a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the step one Measured once on measured object fixing point every 10 °.
4. a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2 is also It is higher than initial value 0.8mm, 1.0mm with two fot screws are surveyed including adjustment, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, survey Amount data are stored in S2, S3;The step 3 also includes changing the perpendicularity that revolving dial and main shaft are asked successively, pad 0.8mm, 1.0mm clearance gauges, are repeated in step one, carry out angle evaluation, and measurement data is stored in N2, N3;Step 4:Utilize frequency analysis Method is handled the measurement data in D1, S1, S2, S3, N1, N2, N3, if by measurement data resolve into a stationary component and Dry multifrequency sinusoid component, obtains the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic, and draws harmonic curve.
5. a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2 is also It is higher than initial value 1.5mm, 1.8mm with two fot screws are surveyed including adjustment, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, survey Amount data are stored in S4, S5;The step 3 also includes changing the perpendicularity that revolving dial and main shaft are asked successively, pad 1.5mm, 1.8mm clearance gauges, are repeated in step one, carry out angle evaluation, and measurement data is stored in N4, N5;Step 4:Utilize frequency analysis Method is handled the measurement data in D1, S1, S4, S5, N1, N4, N5, if by measurement data resolve into a stationary component and Dry multifrequency sinusoid component, obtains the amplitude and phase angle of each harmonic, and draws harmonic curve.
6. a kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 2 is also It is higher than initial value 2.0mm with two fot screws are surveyed including adjustment, is repeated in step one, carries out angle evaluation, measurement data It is stored in S6;The step 3 also includes changing the perpendicularity that revolving dial and main shaft are asked successively, pads 2.0mm clearance gauges, is repeated in Step one, angle evaluation is carried out, measurement data is stored in N6;Step 4:Using harmonic analysis method in D1, S1, S6, N1, N6 Measurement data is handled, and measurement data is resolved into a stationary component and some multifrequency sinusoid components, each harmonic is obtained Amplitude and phase angle, and draw harmonic curve.
CN201710388544.3A 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 A kind of revolving dial attitude error measuring method Pending CN107101606A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108036751A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-05-15 胡长悦 Based on the formula roundness error separation device and method that is synchronized with the movement
CN108061532A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-05-22 胡长悦 One kind is based on the formula roundness error separation device and method that is synchronized with the movement
CN110030929A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-19 深圳市东盈讯达电子有限公司 A kind of 3D measuring system and its measurement method based on five axis

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103148827A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-06-12 北京工业大学 Large gear measurement method based on articulated arm measurement machine
CN105466385A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-06 北京经纬恒润科技有限公司 Mounting structure for absolute position encoder and servo system
CN106441200A (en) * 2016-07-20 2017-02-22 杭州先临三维科技股份有限公司 3 dimensional measuring method having multi-measuring modes

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103148827A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-06-12 北京工业大学 Large gear measurement method based on articulated arm measurement machine
CN105466385A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-06 北京经纬恒润科技有限公司 Mounting structure for absolute position encoder and servo system
CN106441200A (en) * 2016-07-20 2017-02-22 杭州先临三维科技股份有限公司 3 dimensional measuring method having multi-measuring modes

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108036751A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-05-15 胡长悦 Based on the formula roundness error separation device and method that is synchronized with the movement
CN108061532A (en) * 2017-12-17 2018-05-22 胡长悦 One kind is based on the formula roundness error separation device and method that is synchronized with the movement
CN110514164A (en) * 2017-12-17 2019-11-29 胡长悦 One kind is based on moving synchronously formula roundness error separation device
CN110514164B (en) * 2017-12-17 2020-11-24 正斌超市平阳有限公司 Based on synchronous motion formula circularity error separator
CN110030929A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-07-19 深圳市东盈讯达电子有限公司 A kind of 3D measuring system and its measurement method based on five axis

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Application publication date: 20170829