CN107098555A - The processing unit and its processing method of a kind of greasy dirt - Google Patents

The processing unit and its processing method of a kind of greasy dirt Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107098555A
CN107098555A CN201710473461.4A CN201710473461A CN107098555A CN 107098555 A CN107098555 A CN 107098555A CN 201710473461 A CN201710473461 A CN 201710473461A CN 107098555 A CN107098555 A CN 107098555A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
quenched
knockout drum
oil
sludge
homogeneous pond
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710473461.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁庆
卜涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Feide Europe Environmental Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Feide Europe Environmental Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Feide Europe Environmental Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Feide Europe Environmental Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710473461.4A priority Critical patent/CN107098555A/en
Publication of CN107098555A publication Critical patent/CN107098555A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/18Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by thermal conditioning
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G1/00Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal
    • C10G1/04Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal by extraction
    • C10G1/047Hot water or cold water extraction processes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of oil sludge treatment device, including disintegrating machine, elevator, quenched knockout drum, oil slick storage tank, homogeneous pond, vibratory sieve, booster pump, hydrocyclone, sludge dewatering equipment;The discharging opening of disintegrating machine and the charging aperture of elevator are connected, the discharging opening of elevator is located at the top of quenched knockout drum, the oil spilling mouthful on quenched knockout drum top is connected by pipeline with oil slick storage tank, quenched knockout drum inner bottom part is provided with heavy caliber slide valve, the bottom of quenched knockout drum is homogeneous pond, and is provided between quenched knockout drum and homogeneous pond in vibratory sieve, homogeneous pond provided with mixer, homogeneous pond is connected by increasing pump with hydrocyclone, and hydrocyclone is also connected with sludge dewatering equipment;Also disclose processing method.The present invention can greatly improve treatment effeciency, will not produce other pollutants, not result in secondary pollution, and package unit operation energy consumption is low, can effectively reduce processing cost.

Description

The processing unit and its processing method of a kind of greasy dirt
Technical field
The present invention relates to processing unit and its processing side in contained Mud Treatment Technology field, more particularly to a kind of greasy dirt Method.
Background technology
Oily sludge is the oily solid sludge produced during oil exploitation, transport, refining and oily waste water treatment. General oil content is 10~50% in sludge, and moisture content is 40~90%.In oily sludge containing substantial amounts of benzene homologues, phenols, The noxious material of the foul smellings such as anthracene, pyrene, if oily sludge is not acted upon, not only pollutes environment, and cause the waste of resource. The processing of oily sludge is always a great problem for perplexing oil field.
There are problems and can not effectively solve in processing method and technique conventional at present, leverage treatment effeciency, Treatment effect, cost height etc..
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of processing unit of greasy dirt and its processing method, to solve above-mentioned background skill The problem of being proposed in art.
The present invention uses following technical scheme to achieve the above object:A kind of oil sludge treatment device, including disintegrating machine, carry The machine of liter, quenched knockout drum, oil slick storage tank, homogeneous pond, vibratory sieve, booster pump, hydrocyclone, sludge dewatering equipment;It is described broken The discharging opening of broken machine and the charging aperture of elevator are connected, and the discharging opening of the elevator is located at the top of quenched knockout drum, described to adjust The oil spilling mouthful on matter knockout drum top is connected by pipeline with oil slick storage tank, and the quenched knockout drum inner bottom part is provided with heavy caliber Slide valve, the bottom of the quenched knockout drum is homogeneous pond, and is provided with vibratory sieve between quenched knockout drum and homogeneous pond, described Mixer is provided with homogeneous pond, the homogeneous pond is connected by increasing pump with hydrocyclone, hydrocyclone is also de- with sludge Water dispenser is connected.
The aperture of vibrating screen mesh is 5mm.
The disintegrating machine uses cone crusher, jaw crusher or hammer mill.
A kind of processing method of greasy dirt, comprises the following steps:
1), greasy dirt is crushed using disintegrating machine, makes colour bar cloth, woven bag, the brick of bulk included in greasy dirt Stone and the debris of other bulks are broken, are broken into the piece material less than 10cm;
2) greasy dirt after, crushing is lifted into quenched knockout drum using elevator and handled;
3) greasy dirt, is heated to 50-65 DEG C in quenched knockout drum, crude oil demulsifier is added and stirs simultaneously, will be demulsified Agent stops stirring after stirring with greasy dirt, and oil, water, the sludge in greasy dirt can be layered, and upper strata oil slick is passed through into oil spilling mouthful It is discharged to oil slick storage tank;
4) after, oil slick is all discharged, quenched knockout drum inner bottom part heavy caliber slide valve is opened, sludge is expelled to vibration Sieve, the debris that 5mm and the above are will be greater than after being sieved through vibratory sieve is isolated, and the sludge less than 5mm enters homogeneous pond;
5), stir using mixer in homogeneous pond and be promoted to hydrocyclone through booster pump and separated, isolated More than 0.1mm and the solid matter of the above, the solid phase less than 0.1mm is dehydrated by sludge dewatering equipment;
6) the inorganic solid phase material that the sludge after sludge dewatering equipment is dehydrated is separated with vibratory sieve transports out of making and exempted from Bake bricks building materials or paving well site use.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention can greatly improve treatment effeciency, will not produce Other pollutants, do not result in secondary pollution, and package unit operation energy consumption is low, can effectively reduce processing cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is oil sludge treatment device structural representation of the present invention;
In figure:1st, disintegrating machine, 2, elevator, 3, quenched knockout drum, 4, oil slick storage tank, 5, homogeneous pond, 6, vibratory sieve, 7, Booster pump, 8, hydrocyclone, 9, sludge dewatering equipment, 10, mixer, 11, heavy caliber slide valve.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Whole elaboration.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of oil sludge treatment device, including the storage of disintegrating machine 1, elevator 2, quenched knockout drum 3, oil slick Tank 4, homogeneous pond 5, vibratory sieve 6, booster pump 7, hydrocyclone 8, sludge dewatering equipment 9;The disintegrating machine 1 is crushed using bevel-type Machine, jaw crusher or hammer mill, the discharging opening of the disintegrating machine 1 are connected with the charging aperture of elevator 2, the elevator 2 discharging opening is located at the quenched top of knockout drum 3, and the oil spilling mouthful on the quenched top of knockout drum 3 passes through pipeline and oil slick storage tank 4 Connection, the quenched inner bottom part of knockout drum 3 is provided with heavy caliber slide valve 11, and the bottom of the quenched knockout drum 3 is homogeneous pond 5, and vibratory sieve 6 is provided between quenched knockout drum 3 and homogeneous pond 5, the aperture of the screen cloth of vibratory sieve 6 is 5mm, the homogeneous pond 5 Interior to be provided with mixer 10, the homogeneous pond 5 is connected by increasing pump 7 with hydrocyclone 8, and hydrocyclone 8 is also de- with sludge Water dispenser 9 is connected.
Using processing method of the said apparatus to greasy dirt, comprise the following steps:
1), greasy dirt is crushed using disintegrating machine, makes colour bar cloth, woven bag, the brick of bulk included in greasy dirt Stone and the debris of other bulks are broken, are broken into the piece material less than 10cm;
2) greasy dirt after, crushing is lifted into quenched knockout drum using elevator and handled;
3) greasy dirt, is heated to 50-65 DEG C in quenched knockout drum, crude oil demulsifier is added and stirs simultaneously, will be demulsified Agent stops stirring after stirring with greasy dirt, and oil, water, the sludge in greasy dirt can be layered, and upper strata oil slick is passed through into oil spilling mouthful It is discharged to oil slick storage tank;
4) after, oil slick is all discharged, quenched knockout drum inner bottom part heavy caliber slide valve is opened, sludge is expelled to vibration Sieve, the debris that 5mm and the above are will be greater than after being sieved through vibratory sieve is isolated, and the sludge less than 5mm enters homogeneous pond;
5), stir using mixer in homogeneous pond and be promoted to hydrocyclone through booster pump and separated, isolated More than 0.1mm and the solid matter of the above, the solid phase less than 0.1mm is dehydrated by sludge dewatering equipment;
6) the inorganic solid phase material that the sludge after sludge dewatering equipment is dehydrated is separated with vibratory sieve transports out of making and exempted from Bake bricks building materials or paving well site use.
The present invention can greatly improve treatment effeciency, will not produce other pollutants, not result in secondary pollution, and whole Covering device operation energy consumption is low, can effectively reduce processing cost.
Described above is present pre-ferred embodiments, for the ordinary skill in the art, according to the present invention's Instruct, in the case where not departing from the principle of the present invention and spirit, changes, modifications, replacement and the change carried out to embodiment Type is still fallen within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of oil sludge treatment device, including disintegrating machine, elevator, quenched knockout drum, oil slick storage tank, homogeneous pond, vibration Sieve, booster pump, hydrocyclone, sludge dewatering equipment;Characterized in that, the discharging opening and the charging aperture of elevator of the disintegrating machine Connection, the discharging opening of the elevator is located at the top of quenched knockout drum, and the oil spilling mouthful on the quenched knockout drum top passes through pipeline Connected with oil slick storage tank, the quenched knockout drum inner bottom part is provided with heavy caliber slide valve, the bottom of the quenched knockout drum For homogeneous pond, and it is provided between quenched knockout drum and homogeneous pond in vibratory sieve, the homogeneous pond provided with mixer, the homogeneous Pond is connected by increasing pump with hydrocyclone, and hydrocyclone is also connected with sludge dewatering equipment.
2. a kind of oil sludge treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the aperture of vibrating screen mesh is 5mm.
3. a kind of oil sludge treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the disintegrating machine is broken using bevel-type Machine, jaw crusher or hammer mill.
4. a kind of processing method of greasy dirt, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1), greasy dirt is crushed using disintegrating machine, the colour bar cloth of the bulk for making to include in greasy dirt, woven bag, masonry and The debris of other bulks is crushed, and is broken into the piece material less than 10cm;
2) greasy dirt after, crushing is lifted into quenched knockout drum using elevator and handled;
3) greasy dirt, is heated to 50-65 DEG C in quenched knockout drum, crude oil demulsifier is added and stirs simultaneously, by demulsifier and Oil, water, the sludge that greasy dirt stops after stirring in stirring, greasy dirt can be layered, and upper strata oil slick is discharged by oil spilling mouthful To oil slick storage tank;
4) after, oil slick is all discharged, quenched knockout drum inner bottom part heavy caliber slide valve is opened, sludge is expelled to vibratory sieve, passed through 5mm is will be greater than after vibratory sieve screening and the debris of the above is isolated, and the sludge less than 5mm enters homogeneous pond;
5), stir using mixer in homogeneous pond and be promoted to hydrocyclone through booster pump and separated, isolate and be more than 0.1mm and the above solid matter, the solid phase less than 0.1mm are dehydrated by sludge dewatering equipment;
6) sludge after sludge dewatering equipment is dehydrated is transported out of with the inorganic solid phase material that vibratory sieve is separated makes non-burning brick Building materials or paving well site are used.
CN201710473461.4A 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 The processing unit and its processing method of a kind of greasy dirt Pending CN107098555A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710473461.4A CN107098555A (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 The processing unit and its processing method of a kind of greasy dirt

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710473461.4A CN107098555A (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 The processing unit and its processing method of a kind of greasy dirt

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107098555A true CN107098555A (en) 2017-08-29

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107879570A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-06 中国石油天然气集团公司 A kind for the treatment of method and apparatus of super-viscous oil aging greasy filth
CN110204156A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-06 曾尚武 Modular sludge treatment system
CN110204157A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-06 曾尚武 Oil soil treatment technique
CN110776224A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-02-11 大连海事大学 Treatment method of oil field oil-containing sludge

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107879570A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-06 中国石油天然气集团公司 A kind for the treatment of method and apparatus of super-viscous oil aging greasy filth
CN110204156A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-06 曾尚武 Modular sludge treatment system
CN110204157A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-09-06 曾尚武 Oil soil treatment technique
CN110776224A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-02-11 大连海事大学 Treatment method of oil field oil-containing sludge

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