CN107096653A - A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination - Google Patents

A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107096653A
CN107096653A CN201710465759.0A CN201710465759A CN107096653A CN 107096653 A CN107096653 A CN 107096653A CN 201710465759 A CN201710465759 A CN 201710465759A CN 107096653 A CN107096653 A CN 107096653A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
separator
cyclone separator
wood chip
impurity elimination
support frames
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710465759.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈明波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pubei County Yi Guang Lin Industry And Trade Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Pubei County Yi Guang Lin Industry And Trade Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Pubei County Yi Guang Lin Industry And Trade Co Ltd filed Critical Pubei County Yi Guang Lin Industry And Trade Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710465759.0A priority Critical patent/CN107096653A/en
Publication of CN107096653A publication Critical patent/CN107096653A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C11/00Accessories, e.g. safety or control devices, not otherwise provided for, e.g. regulators, valves in inlet or overflow ducting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C5/00Apparatus in which the axial direction of the vortex is reversed
    • B04C5/14Construction of the underflow ducting; Apex constructions; Discharge arrangements ; discharge through sidewall provided with a few slits or perforations
    • B04C5/181Bulkheads or central bodies in the discharge opening
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • B04C2009/005Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks with external rotors, e.g. impeller, ventilator, fan, blower, pump

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination, it is characterised in that:Described device includes gravity separator, cyclone separator, closes wind part and air blower;The gravity separator is connected by material-pumping tube with cyclone separator;Wind part is closed in connection exhaust column and bottom connection at the top of the cyclone separator;The exhaust column connects the air inlet of air blower;The air outlet connection discharge pipe of the air blower.Dried wood chip efficiently can be carried out removal of impurities, the features such as larger raising produces the quality of sheet material by the present invention.

Description

A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination
Technical field
The present invention relates to wood chip impurity elimination apparatus field, and in particular to a kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination.
Background technology
Crush or chipped material include as manufacture particieboard/fiberboard and similar products used in various fibers with Wood chip, or discarded timber can also be processed into wood chip by wood chip disintegrating machine, and these plates are more and more by these waste materials To manufacture.Thus, it is necessary to impurity is removed from the raw material of storage.Typically, these impurity include various mineral, rock, sand With similar shot-like particle.In the manufacturing process of plate, the content of impurity influences the wear rate of utensil, for example, manufacturing plate by waste material Finishing operation in, the wear rate of the various cutting tools used.Thus it have developed various screening techniques, it is known that The impurity in raw material is separated with air scavenging equipment in the prior art.
The deficiency of these above-mentioned embodiments is that specific energy consumption is higher, and discharge dust is big, moreover, can not be by with air scavenging As requested removes minimum impurity particle.
Chinese patent literature through retrieving about wood chip impurity removing device has, and is now listed below:
1st, Chinese patent:A kind of wood dust dryer cyclone separator, application number:201520521268.X, the applying date: 2015.07.19, applicant:Zhengzhou your kind effort new energy technology Co., Ltd, address:450001 Zhengzhou City Henan Provinces high and new technology industrial development zone are red Ye Luxi 12, inventor:Li Liuji, Luo Gangyin, Xue Yanfen, Kong get You, Yan Zhenwei, Zheng Xiangbin, summary:The utility model is related to And a kind of wood dust dryer cyclone separator, including bigeminy formula cyclone dust collectors, whirlwind blanking centrum, air-introduced machine and discharging Machine, two electric turnover devices are equipped with the lower end of whirlwind blanking centrum;The electric turnover device is along whirlwind blanking vertebra The longitudinal axis of body is spaced apart straight down to be set;The electric turnover device is arranged on rotation including two mutual cooperations Turnover panel inside wind blanking centrum, the electrical components being connected with turnover panel.Present arrangement avoids material in whirlwind blanking cone Easily occur blocking and phenomenon that is stuck, causing equipment to run well in feed opening and wind stopping device.Improve production efficiency, Reduce production cost.
2nd, Chinese patent:Wood chip sieves retracting device, application number:201510565293.2, the applying date:2015.09.08, Applicant:Chongqing Qian Longmen industry Co., Ltd, address:401233 Chongqing City Changshou District new town Shou Xiang main roads 4, invention People:Miao Wenbin, summary:Present patent application is related to screen screening or separating solid materials field, discloses a kind of wood chip screening Retracting device, including screen box, wood chip conveying arrangement, screen box are provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, and wood chip conveying arrangement is located at screen box Above charging aperture, screen box is provided with the sieve aperture that numerous certain holes are densely covered with screen cloth, screen cloth, and screen box is connected with vibrating air cylinder, Vibrating air cylinder is in tilted layout, and the lower end of screen box is connected with vibrating spring, and vibrating spring is connected with ground, and the lower section of screen cloth is provided with the The second wood chip groove is provided with below one wood chip groove, the discharging opening of screen box.The program is due to using cylinder as driving source, high pressure Gas makes the reciprocating motion of piston, and compared with the batch (-type) of prior art cam hits the vibration brought, frequency is higher, vibration Efficiency is further lifted.
3rd, Chinese patent:The method of impurity is removed from crushing or chipped material particularly wood chip and fibrous material and is set It is standby, application number:96105922.2, the applying date:96.2.15, applicant:Sunds Defibrator Lovisa Oy, address: Valcke, Finland, inventor:A La Dikailun, summary:The present invention relates to for crushing or chipped material such as fiber and art bits To remove the screening technique and equipment of impurity.Material to be screened is added to be made up of many adjacent and substantially parallel roller (I) Drum apparatus on, mobile by above-mentioned roller (1), thus, high density material particle is close to cylinder surface and moved down, and is close to Miss in gap (B) of the material part of cylinder surface through the gap (A) between preceding roller dry greatly.
In Chinese patent literature disclosed above, these device structures needed for wood chip impurity elimination are complicated, and energy consumption is big, impurity elimination Efficiency is low, it is necessary to constantly brought forth new ideas to technology, the problem of solving existing.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is that there is provided a kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination, the dress for the defect of prior art Put and take negative pressure form to carry out impurity elimination to wood chip, overall structure connection is compact, impurity elimination, energy consumption efficiently more can be carried out to wood chip It is low, production efficiency is improved, the quality that wood chip produces products obtained therefrom is improved, and larger can reduce the input of production cost.
The operation principle of the present invention is negative pressure operation principle, is specially:Gravity separator passes through material-pumping tube and cyclonic separation Device is connected, and cyclone separator be connected by exhaust column with air blower, starts air blower, progress exhausting so that gravity separator with Cyclone separator produces negative pressure so that gravity separator is realized carries out removal of impurities to wood chip;Wherein, cyclone separator outlet at bottom is pacified Equipped with wind part is closed, closed effect is played to cyclone separator outlet at bottom.
In order to realize the invention described above purpose, the technical scheme used for:
A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination, described device includes gravity separator, cyclone separator, closes wind part and air blast Machine;The gravity separator is connected by material-pumping tube with cyclone separator;Connection exhaust column and bottom at the top of the cyclone separator Wind part is closed in portion's connection;The exhaust column connects the air inlet of air blower;The air outlet connection discharge pipe of the air blower.
It is preferred that, the cyclone separator bottom, which is provided with support frame, support frame as described above, is provided with supporting table, the branch B motors are installed on support platform, the runner of the B motors is connected by chain with B runners, and the B runners are installed on The B rotating shafts closed on wind part.
It is preferred that, the B rotating shafts close aerofoil provided with circumferentially equally distributed 4 pieces, and the aerofoil that closes is provided with sealing Rubber layer;And the aerofoil that closes is provided with reinforcing plate between any two.
It is preferred that, the discharge pipe is provided with the pipe cap of rain-proof.
It is preferred that, the upper portion of the gravity separator is provided with charging aperture and observation panel.
It is preferred that, blade, A rotating shafts, separator, speed changer and A motors are provided with the gravity separator;The A Motor is connected and fixed on B support frames by speed changer, and A support frames, the A supports are provided with above the B support frames Separator is installed above frame;Provided with the blade being connected and fixed in A rotating shafts above the separator, the A rotating shafts are passed through successively Wear after separator, A support frames, B support frames, speed changer and speed changer connection;The separator, A support frames, B support frames with Gravity separator inwall is fixedly connected.
It is preferred that, baffle plate is installed, baffle plate can stop that the debris such as the rubble fallen are covered in driving electricity on the speed changer On machine.
It is preferred that, the cylindrical shape of the body for closing wind part.
The present invention is with prominent substantive distinguishing features and significantly progressive relative to prior art:
1st, the present invention takes negative pressure form to carry out impurity elimination to wood chip, and overall structure connection is compact, and more efficiently wood chip can be carried out Impurity elimination, energy consumption is low, improves production efficiency, improves the quality that wood chip produces product, and larger can reduce the input of production cost.
2nd, the gravity separator in the present invention takes negative pressure form to carry out impurity elimination to the wood chip in it;Specially:A driving electricity Machine drives A axis of rotation, and the rotation of A rotational band movable vanes piece is constantly rotated so that the wood chip quilt entered from charging aperture by blade Impact is scattered;The proportion of wood chip in itself is smaller, then in gravity separator by under suction function, up smoked, into taking out Expects pipe;And the impurity such as the larger rubble of proportion, bushel iron block, wooden unit, juggle down drops under self gravitation effect, arranged automatically Go out gravity separator.
3rd, separator, when gravity separator is under suction function, separator are provided with the gravity separator in the present invention It can prevent that larger thing block directly is pounded during impurity elimination, hits motor, cause loss;Polybag, plastics can be prevented again Port enters in gravity separator the light weight sundries such as film from below.
4th, the feeding mouth and housing of the cyclone separator in the present invention are tangent, also allow for wood chip and tangentially enter cyclonic separation In device, wood chip hits cyclone separator, and wood chip down falls, and gas is up walked;Can be quickly from gravity separator by wood chip Separate;Separative efficiency is high.
5th, closing wind part and can keep smooth and unload wood chip in the present invention, can play again prevents the effect of leaking out;Close in wind part B rotating shafts on be circumferentially uniformly distributed some pieces and close aerofoil, close two-by-two between aerofoil and reinforcing plate be installed;And close two-by-two aerofoil it Between maximum open spacing correspond to the opening spacing of blanking port and discharging opening, close aerofoil provided with rubber layer so that close aerofoil With at blanking port, the opening of discharging opening and the connection closed between wind part inwall has good seal, it is ensured that close aerofoil in rotation Turn during, it is ensured that close wind part and do not leak out, it is ensured that whole system it is working properly.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination of the invention;
The cross section structure diagram that Fig. 2 is A-A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in the section of A support frames, B support frames and A rotating shafts junction in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of separator;
Fig. 5 is the B-B cross section structure diagrams in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is to close the dimensional structure diagram that aerofoil is connected with B rotating shafts;
Element title and serial number in figure:Charging aperture 1, observation panel 2, gravity separator 3, material-pumping tube 4, feeding mouth 5, cyclonic separation Device 6, bleeding point 7, support frame 8, blanking port 9 closes wind part 10, and exhaust column 11, air inlet 12, air blower 13, air outlet 14 goes out Airduct 15, pipe cap 16, B rotating shafts 17, B runners 18, runner 19, B motors 20, supporting table 21, discharging opening 22, blade 23, A turns Axle 24, separator 25, A support frames 26, B support frames 27, speed changer 28, baffle plate 29, A motors 30 close aerofoil 31, rubber layer 32, strengthening version 33.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiments of the invention, the present invention is described in more detail.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1-6, a kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination, described device includes gravity separator 3, whirlwind Separator 6, close wind part 10 and air blower 13;The gravity separator 3 is connected by the feeding mouth 5 of material-pumping tube 4 and cyclone separator 6 Connect;Wind part 10 is closed in the connection exhaust column 11 of bleeding point 7 at the top of cyclone separator 6, the bottom connection of cyclone separator 6;Institute State the air inlet 12 that exhaust column 11 connects air blower 13;The connection discharge pipe 15 of air outlet 14 of the air blower 13.
The bottom of cyclone separator 6 described above is provided with support frame 8, support frame as described above 8 and is provided with supporting table 21, described B motors 20 are installed, the runner 19 of the B motors 20 is connected by chain with B runners 18, described in supporting table 21 B runners 18 are installed on the B rotating shafts 17 closed on wind part 10.
B rotating shafts 17 described above close aerofoil 31 provided with circumferentially equally distributed 4 pieces, and the aerofoil 31 that closes is provided with close The rubber layer 32 of envelope;And the aerofoil 31 that closes is provided with reinforcing plate 33 between any two, the maximum open closed two-by-two between aerofoil 31 Spacing corresponds to the opening spacing of blanking port 9 and discharging opening 22;So that B rotating shafts 17 close wind when drive is closed aerofoil 31 and rotated The inwall for closing wind part 10 of plate 31 and the cylindrical shape of body keeps good seal.
Discharge pipe 15 described above is provided with the pipe cap 16 of rain-proof.
The upper portion of gravity separator 3 described above is provided with charging aperture 1 and observation panel 2.
Blade 23, A rotating shafts 24, separator 25, speed changer 28 and A motors are provided with gravity separator 3 described above 30;The A motors 30 are connected and fixed on B support frames 27 by speed changer 28, and the top of B support frames 27 is provided with A Support frame 26, the top of A support frames 26 is provided with separator 25;The top of separator 25, which is provided with, is connected and fixed on A rotating shafts Blade 23 on 24, the A rotating shafts 24 are sequentially passed through after separator 25, A support frames 26, B support frames 27 and connected with speed changer 28; The separator 25, A support frames 26, B support frames 27 are connected with the inwall of gravity separator 3.
Baffle plate 29 is installed on speed changer 28 described above.
It is the wherein specific implementation of the present invention above, it describes more specific and detailed, but can not therefore manage Solve as the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, not departing from On the premise of present inventive concept, various modifications and improvements can be made, these obvious alternative forms belong to this hair Bright protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination, it is characterised in that:Described device includes gravity separator(3), whirlwind point From device(6), close wind part(10)And air blower(13);The gravity separator(3)Pass through material-pumping tube(4)With cyclone separator(6) Connection;The cyclone separator(6)Top connects exhaust column(11)Wind part is closed with bottom connection(10);The exhaust column(11)Even Connect air blower(13)Air inlet(12);The air blower(13)Air outlet(14)Connect discharge pipe(15).
2. the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cyclone separator(6) Bottom is provided with support frame(8), support frame as described above(8)On supporting table is installed(21), the supporting table(21)On be provided with B drive Dynamic motor(20), the B motors(20)Runner(19)Pass through chain and B runners(18)Connection, the B runners(18)Peace Loaded on closing wind part(10)On B rotating shafts(17).
3. the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The B rotating shafts(17)On set Have circumferentially equally distributed 4 pieces close aerofoil(31), it is described to close aerofoil(31)It is provided with sealed rubber layer(32);And described close Aerofoil(31)Reinforcing plate is installed between any two(33).
4. the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The discharge pipe(15)Install There is the pipe cap of rain-proof(16).
5. the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gravity separator(3) Upper portion charging aperture is installed(1)And observation panel(2).
6. the cyclone separator of the wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that:The gravity separator (3)It is interior to be provided with blade(23), A rotating shafts(24), separator(25), speed changer(28)With A motors(30);
The A motors(30)Pass through speed changer(28)It is connected and fixed on B support frames(27)On, the B support frames(27)On Side is provided with A support frames(26), the A support frames(26)Top is provided with separator(25);The separator(25)Top is set It is connected and fixed on A rotating shafts(24)On blade(23), the A rotating shafts(24)Sequentially pass through separator(25), A support frames (26), B support frames(27)Afterwards and speed changer(28)Connection;The separator(25), A support frames(26), B support frames(27)With Gravity separator(3)Inwall is fixedly connected.
7. the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The speed changer(28)Upper peace Equipped with baffle plate(29).
8. the cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to close wind part(10)Machine The cylindrical shape of body.
CN201710465759.0A 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination Pending CN107096653A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710465759.0A CN107096653A (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710465759.0A CN107096653A (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination

Publications (1)

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CN107096653A true CN107096653A (en) 2017-08-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710465759.0A Pending CN107096653A (en) 2017-06-19 2017-06-19 A kind of cyclone separator of wood chip impurity elimination

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108043599A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-18 临沂市广林科技木业有限公司 A kind of wood chip impurity separating device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108043599A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-18 临沂市广林科技木业有限公司 A kind of wood chip impurity separating device

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