CN107083321A - A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material - Google Patents

A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107083321A
CN107083321A CN201710398175.6A CN201710398175A CN107083321A CN 107083321 A CN107083321 A CN 107083321A CN 201710398175 A CN201710398175 A CN 201710398175A CN 107083321 A CN107083321 A CN 107083321A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
raw material
conveyer belt
fiber raw
herbaceous fiber
campaign
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710398175.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘正初
苏维利
王秀强
李云峰
Original Assignee
大庆天之草生物新材料科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201710398175.6A priority Critical patent/CN107083321A/en
Publication of CN107083321A publication Critical patent/CN107083321A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M33/00Means for introduction, transport, positioning, extraction, harvesting, peeling or sampling of biological material in or from the apparatus
    • C12M33/20Ribbons
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/30Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of concentration
    • C12M41/34Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of concentration of gas

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material, the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material therein includes:Housing, the housing is closing;Frame, the frame is located in the housing, including multiple vertical support columns;Multigroup horizontal transferring device, multigroup horizontal transferring device is arranged above and below, every group of horizontal transferring device includes the driving wheel, driven pulley and the conveyer belt coordinated with the driving wheel and driven pulley being located on the support column, the conveying direction of the adjacent conveyer belt on the contrary, and underlying conveyer belt input protruded from the direction opposite with its conveying direction adjacent top conveyer belt output end to receive the Herbaceous Fiber raw material fallen from the output end of the conveyer belt of adjacent top.Present invention solves the technical problem that being that overcome existing installation for fermenting to take up an area big shortcoming takes up an area the small campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material there is provided a kind of.

Description

A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material

Technical field

The present invention relates to flaxen fiber production field.Specially a kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material and side Method.

Background technology

The applicating history of Herbaceous Fiber is long, all the time, from Herbaceous Fiber raw material extract fiber mostly be in natural bar The mode of retting is carried out under part.But traditional technique space-consuming is big, it is long to expend the time, causes production efficiency very low.Example Such as, row is bundled into fibrilia raw material, is then immersed in the waters with bacterium solution, the time of immersion needs could up to some months Complete fermentation.Not only the time is long for this traditional fermentation process, causes the cost of product high, can also produce uneven feelings of fermenting Condition, this can undoubtedly influence the quality of flaxen fiber.

After suitable degumming mushroom is found, a kind of relatively advanced fermentation method is occurred in that, production technology is generally comprised Pre-process, be inoculated with, fermenting, copying the techniques such as fiber crops, cleaning, stain oil, technical measures are exactly that fibrilia raw material is put into cage, Some times that handle are soaked in the liquid containing degumming bacterium, the fibrous raw material after inoculation is then placed in top grade environmental condition Under, complete fermentation process in preference temperature and appropriate scope.In order to meet the technical requirements of fermentation, fiber crops will be filled by generally requiring The cage of fibrous raw material is placed on temperature and humidity it is difficult to be handled even tens hours more than 8 hours under conditions of constant, because This, the problem of this fermentation method is present is that floor space very big, processing time is long.

The content of the invention

Present invention solves the technical problem that being to overcome existing installation for fermenting to take up an area the big, shortcoming of processing time length, carry For the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material that a kind of occupation of land small, processing time is short.

The campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material of the present invention, including:

Housing, the housing is closing;

Frame, the frame is located in the housing, including multiple vertical support columns;

Multigroup horizontal transferring device, multigroup horizontal transferring device is located in the housing, multigroup horizontal feed Device is arranged above and below, driving wheel that every group of horizontal transferring device includes being located on the support column, driven pulley and with the active The conveyer belt that wheel and driven pulley coordinate, the conveying direction of the adjacent conveyer belt on the contrary, and underlying conveyer belt it is defeated Enter to hold the output end for the conveyer belt for protruding from adjacent top on the direction opposite with its conveying direction to receive from adjacent The Herbaceous Fiber tunning that the output end of the conveyer belt of top is fallen.

Preferably, the input of the conveyer belt of underlying horizontal transferring device is in the side opposite with its conveying direction The horizontal range projected upwards in the output end of the conveyer belt of the horizontal transferring device of adjacent top is not less than 300mm.

Preferably, having the space that height is not less than 30mm between neighbouring horizontal transferring device.

Preferably, the conveyer belt, which is hole pattern, transmits curtain.

Preferably, the frame include installing on the bracket be used for hold up the conveyer belt and make its holding level Picking-up device.

Preferably, the picking-up device be axis perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveyer belt rotary shaft or roller or Person's tensioning wheel.

Preferably, the input of the conveyer belt of one group of horizontal transferring device of highest receives the output from inoculating facility The Herbaceous Fiber raw material at end, the output end of the conveyer belt of minimum one group of horizontal transferring device conveys Herbaceous Fiber tunning To the input of inactivation equipment, and one group of minimum horizontal transferring device is not less than the input of the inactivation equipment.

Preferably, the length of conveyer belt is identical described in multiple horizontal transferring devices.

Preferably, the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material also includes being used for adjusting warm in the housing The air-breather of the air quality of the constant humidity control device of humidity and adjustment housings in the thermostatically-controlled equipment of degree, adjustment housings.

Preferably, the housing also includes the observation window for being used for observing the Herbaceous Fiber raw material in housing.

The present invention also provides a kind of Herbaceous Fiber raw material campaign-styled wet fermentation method, Herbaceous Fiber raw material is entered as above The campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of described Herbaceous Fiber raw material, make Herbaceous Fiber raw material under the conditions of the temperature and humidity of setting Complete to ferment with the speed motion of setting in the housing and during motion.

The campaign-styled wet fermentation apparatus and method for of Herbaceous Fiber raw material of the present invention compared with prior art, has with following Beneficial effect:

1st, multigroup horizontal transferring device and defeated to neighbouring level of being arranged above and below by being located in the housing of closing Send the setting of staggering of device, make Herbaceous Fiber fermentation materials do not need it is any turn conveying arrangement in the case of it is defeated from upper horizontal Send device to be transported in lower horizontal conveying device, realize the reciprocating motion of Herbaceous Fiber fermentation materials, extend its fermentation Stroke, make Herbaceous Fiber raw material in less floor space, acquisition fully and uniformly ferment.

2nd, by the way that horizontal transferring device to be arranged on to the top from collator to last drying plant, fill horizontal feed Put the top extension in other equipment, rather than take the area on level land while bigger fermenting space is obtained, further Improve space availability ratio.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material of first embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 2 for second embodiment of the invention the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material and other equipment it is relative Position view.

Reference

1 frame, 11,12,13,14 support columns, 15 picking-up devices;

21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29 horizontal transferring devices, 211 driving wheels, 212 driven pulleys, 213 conveyings Band;

3 observation windows;

4 drive devices;

5 collators;

6 inoculating facilities;

7 inactivation equipment;

8 inactivation product water reason equipment;

9 stains oil equipment;

10 drying plants.

Embodiment

The campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material of the present invention can be used in the various fiber crops such as hemp, ramie, bluish dogbane The fermentation process of fiber, makes bast-fibre in the environment of moistening, is fermented in motion process.

As shown in figure 1, the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of the Herbaceous Fiber raw material of the first embodiment of the present invention includes closing Housing (not shown), frame 1 in housing and the multigroup horizontal transferring device being located in frame 1 are described multigroup Horizontal transferring device is located in the housing.Wherein housing be provided with fermentation for observing the Herbaceous Fiber raw material in housing and The observation window 3 of motion conditions.Frame 1 includes multiple vertical support columns, for installing horizontal transferring device.The frame 1 is wrapped Include four vertical support columns 11,12,13,14, horizontal transferring device of the setting of frame 1 no less than 3 groups.

As shown in figure 1, multigroup horizontal transferring device is arranged above and below, every group of horizontal transferring device includes being located at the branch Driving wheel, driven pulley on dagger and the conveyer belt coordinated with the driving wheel and driven pulley.Wherein, the conveyer belt is preferably Hole pattern transmits curtain.The conveying direction of the conveyer belt of adjacent horizontal transferring device on the contrary, and underlying conveyer belt input End protrudes from the output end of the conveyer belt of adjacent top to receive from adjacent upper on the direction opposite with its conveying direction The Herbaceous Fiber raw material that the output end of the conveyer belt of side is fallen.

Specific to the present embodiment, as shown in figure 1, horizontal transferring device 21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29 on to Under be arranged in order, the conveying direction of horizontal transferring device 21,23,25,27,29 is in figure for from left to right, i.e., left end is input End, right-hand member is output end.The conveying direction of horizontal transferring device 22,24,26,28 is in figure for from right to left, i.e., right-hand member is defeated Enter end, left end is output end.In the present embodiment, the length of the conveyer belt of all horizontal transferring devices is identical.

Meanwhile, the driven pulley of the input of horizontal transferring device 21,23,25,27,29 is arranged on support column 11 by bearing On, the driving wheel of output end is arranged on support column 13 by bearing.The master of the input of horizontal transferring device 22,24,26,28 Driving wheel is arranged on support column 14 by bearing, and the driven pulley of output end is arranged on support column 12 by bearing.Drive device 4 Motor can be used, drives driving wheel to rotate by transmission belt or driving-chain after deceleration.

So, horizontal transferring device 22,24,26,28 input can be accepted from horizontal transferring device 21,23 respectively, 25, the 27 Herbaceous Fiber raw materials fallen, the input of horizontal transferring device 29 can accept the output from horizontal input unit 28 The Herbaceous Fiber raw material fallen is held, makes Herbaceous Fiber raw material from horizontal transferring device not needing any other transmission equipment In the case that 21,23,25,27 shift to horizontal transferring device 22,24,26,28 and then shifted to horizontal transferring device 29, realize The reciprocating motion of Herbaceous Fiber raw material, extends the stroke of its fermentation, makes Herbaceous Fiber raw material in less floor space, Acquisition fully and is uniformly fermented.

As preferred scheme, the frame 1 includes being arranged on making for holding up the conveyer belt on the support column It keeps the picking-up device 15 of level.In the present embodiment specifically, frame also includes the water being located between adjacent support column Horizontal picking-up device 15 is provided between flat post (not shown), relative horizontal columns, picking-up device 15 is preferably that axis hangs down The rotary shaft or roller or tensioning wheel of the straight conveying direction in the conveyer belt.

As preferred scheme, the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material also includes being used for adjusting the shell In the thermostatically-controlled equipment (not shown) of body temperature, adjustment housings the constant humidity control device (not shown) of humidity and The air-breather (not shown) of the air quality of adjustment housings.

In a second embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2 the input of the conveyer belt of one group of horizontal transferring device of highest receives next From the Herbaceous Fiber raw material of the output end of inoculating facility 6, the output end of the conveyer belt of minimum one group of horizontal transferring device is by grass This fibrous raw material is conveyed to the input of inactivation equipment 7, and one group of minimum horizontal transferring device is not less than the inactivation The input of equipment 7.

In the present embodiment, the two ends of multigroup horizontal transferring device above across collator 5, inoculating facility 6, Inactivate the top of equipment 7, inactivation product water reason equipment 8, the oily equipment 9 of stain and drying plant 10.Positioned at the horizontal feed of bottom The output end of device is located at the top of inactivation equipment 7, Herbaceous Fiber raw material is directly fallen in the input of the conveyer belt of inactivation equipment On end.

By the way that horizontal transferring device to be arranged on to the top of miscellaneous equipment, make horizontal transferring device in the top of other equipment Extension, rather than the area on level land is taken, it can further improve space availability ratio while bigger fermenting space is obtained.

The setting of further feature such as support column in second embodiment and the connection of horizontal transferring device and support column are closed System is identical with first embodiment, i.e., the input of underlying conveyer belt is protruded from the direction opposite with its conveying direction The output end of the conveyer belt of adjacent top is former to receive the Herbaceous Fiber fallen from the output end of the conveyer belt of adjacent top Material, so as to realize conveying of the Herbaceous Fiber raw material between neighbouring horizontal transferring device.

In the first embodiment and the second embodiment, the input of the conveyer belt of underlying horizontal transferring device with Protruded from the opposite direction of its conveying direction the conveyer belt of the horizontal transferring device of adjacent top output end level away from From not less than 300mm.There is the space that height is not less than 30mm, the space constitutes grass between neighbouring horizontal transferring device The passage of this fibrous raw material.Meanwhile, the height of every group of horizontal transferring device in itself is not more than 100mm.Horizontal transferring device it is defeated It is hole pattern convoying curtain to send band.

In addition, in the first and second embodiment, all parts contacted with Herbaceous Fiber raw material, such as conveyer belt, by The long-term material for not discharging any material, such as stainless steel is made, to prevent h substance from being damaged to Herbaceous Fiber raw material Or influence.

The present invention also provides a kind of Herbaceous Fiber raw material campaign-styled wet fermentation method, Herbaceous Fiber raw material is entered as above The campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of described Herbaceous Fiber raw material, make Herbaceous Fiber raw material under the conditions of the temperature and humidity of setting Complete to ferment with the speed motion of setting in the housing and during motion.

Above example is only the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, is not used in the limitation present invention, protection scope of the present invention It is defined by the claims.Those skilled in the art are in the essence and protection domain of the present invention, and what the present invention was made is various Modification or equivalent substitution are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material, it is characterised in that including:
Housing, the housing is closing;
Frame, the frame is located in the housing, including multiple vertical support columns;
Multigroup horizontal transferring device, multigroup horizontal transferring device is located in the housing, multigroup horizontal transferring device Be arranged above and below, driving wheel that every group of horizontal transferring device includes being located on the support column, driven pulley and with the driving wheel and The conveyer belt that driven pulley coordinates, the conveying direction of the adjacent conveyer belt on the contrary, and underlying conveyer belt input The output end of conveyer belt of adjacent top is protruded from the direction opposite with its conveying direction to receive from adjacent top Conveyer belt the Herbaceous Fiber tunning that falls of output end.
2. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is underlying The input of the conveyer belt of horizontal transferring device protrudes from the level of adjacent top on the direction opposite with its conveying direction The horizontal range of the output end of the conveyer belt of conveying device is not less than 300mm.
3. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Neighbouring There is the space that height is not less than 30mm between horizontal transferring device.
4. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: The conveyer belt is that hole pattern transmits curtain.
5. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: The frame include installing on the bracket be used for hold up the conveyer belt and make the picking-up device of its holding level.
6. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:It is described to hold up dress It is set to rotary shaft or roller or tensioning wheel of the axis perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveyer belt.
7. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: The input of the conveyer belt of one group of horizontal transferring device of highest receives the Herbaceous Fiber raw material of the output end from inoculating facility, Herbaceous Fiber tunning is conveyed to the input of inactivation equipment by the output end of the conveyer belt of one group of minimum horizontal transferring device End, and one group of minimum horizontal transferring device is not less than the input of the inactivation equipment.
8. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Multigroup water The length of the conveyer belt of flat conveying device is identical.
9. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: The campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material also include be used for adjust the shell body temperature thermostatically-controlled equipment, The air-breather of the air quality of the constant humidity control device of humidity and adjustment housings in adjustment housings.
10. the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material according to any one of claim 1-3, its feature exists In:The housing also includes the observation window for being used for observing the Herbaceous Fiber tunning in housing.
11. a kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material, it is characterised in that make Herbaceous Fiber raw material enter such as right It is required that the campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material any one of 1-10, makes it in the temperature and humidity bar of setting Complete to ferment with the speed motion of setting in the housing under part and during motion.
CN201710398175.6A 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material CN107083321A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710398175.6A CN107083321A (en) 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710398175.6A CN107083321A (en) 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material
PCT/CN2018/086337 WO2018219115A1 (en) 2017-05-31 2018-05-10 Motion-type wet fermentation apparatus and method for herbaceous fiber raw material

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CN107083321A true CN107083321A (en) 2017-08-22

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WO (1) WO2018219115A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018219115A1 (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-12-06 大庆天之草生物新材料科技有限公司 Motion-type wet fermentation apparatus and method for herbaceous fiber raw material

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2229458Y (en) * 1995-03-31 1996-06-19 清华紫光(集团)总公司 Belt solid fermentation reaction apparatus
CN1635104A (en) * 2004-10-25 2005-07-06 邱俊达 Multiple-layered net belt type solid fermentation equipment capable of assembly line type production
CN102443535A (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-05-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Solid fermentation bioreactor
CN102742685A (en) * 2012-07-27 2012-10-24 中国振华电子集团恒威机电有限公司 Automatic black tea fermenting and producing device
CN206986153U (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-02-09 大庆天之草生物新材料科技有限公司 A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material

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KR100587732B1 (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-07-05 이상열 Microwave High-Speed Drying and Complex Powder Packing Total System with radiant heat from infrared film penetrated into and fermentation·ripening, a multi-functional door
CN103238688A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-08-14 林清矫 Tea leaf fermentation device and fermentation method thereof
CN107083321A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-22 大庆天之草生物新材料科技有限公司 A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation device and method of Herbaceous Fiber raw material

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2229458Y (en) * 1995-03-31 1996-06-19 清华紫光(集团)总公司 Belt solid fermentation reaction apparatus
CN1635104A (en) * 2004-10-25 2005-07-06 邱俊达 Multiple-layered net belt type solid fermentation equipment capable of assembly line type production
CN102443535A (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-05-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Solid fermentation bioreactor
CN102742685A (en) * 2012-07-27 2012-10-24 中国振华电子集团恒威机电有限公司 Automatic black tea fermenting and producing device
CN206986153U (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-02-09 大庆天之草生物新材料科技有限公司 A kind of campaign-styled wet fermentation equipment of Herbaceous Fiber raw material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018219115A1 (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-12-06 大庆天之草生物新材料科技有限公司 Motion-type wet fermentation apparatus and method for herbaceous fiber raw material

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