CN107060071A - The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members assemble house - Google Patents

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members assemble house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107060071A
CN107060071A CN201611010220.8A CN201611010220A CN107060071A CN 107060071 A CN107060071 A CN 107060071A CN 201611010220 A CN201611010220 A CN 201611010220A CN 107060071 A CN107060071 A CN 107060071A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
chain
assembled
building blocks
house
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CN201611010220.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107060071B (en
Inventor
段志祥
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段志祥
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • E04B2/46Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • E04B2/48Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/50Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having a general shape differing from that of a parallelepiped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/52Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities the walls being characterised by fillings in some of the cavities forming load-bearing pillars or beams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/54Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities the walls being characterised by fillings in all cavities in order to form a wall construction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • E04B2002/0258Gripping or handling aids

Abstract

The present invention relates to the method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members assemble house.With different-thickness, the assembled building blocks with respective functional block shape under different chain types, in being assembled into respectively, the hollow or solid squares type of exterior wall uniform thickness and not uniform thickness, L-type, it is T-shaped, cross-shaped configuration post window beam, Men Liang, outrigger, collar tie beam, the individual member such as wall and floor, it is assembled into the house for meeting current specifications quality requirement, the product not only adapts to the small-sized house culture that lives scattered, it is also adapted for full wafer mechanization low layer, multilayer, high-rise total-prefabricated construction, with raising earthquake-resistant building effect, from the high-altitude working safety risk under built layer by layer, a large amount of templates of saving improve rate of progress of the construction, compare all other architectural structure system of domestic and foreign current, with more significant superiority of effectiveness.

Description

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members assemble house

Technical field:

The present invention relates to the method for chain assembled building blocks assembling members building.Spelled using different types of assembled building blocks Each component component is dressed up, machinery makeup is adapted to and is made into different floor heights, difference, which is set up defences, requires a kind of method in house, can finally take Turn into architectural structure system of new generation for existing common brick brick-and-concrete buildingses.The chain series of products, had both been adapted to economy and had fallen The artificial group in area is built afterwards, and developed area is adapted to again and carries out industrialized production and assembling, is related to wall wall reform, public peace The interleaving techniques fields such as full building construction.

Background technology:

Develop from domestic materials for wall from the point of view of big direction, by panoramic materials for wall newly developed fails entirely The interior culture of Qin's brick is contained in face, causes building material industry building materials to sample not high, defective product emerges in an endless stream, and manufacturing enterprise's benefit is low Under, quality adulterates phenomenon seriously, causes China's walling can not be contended with for a long time with traditional common brick, although employing action by government layer Layer forces " prohibiting real ", finally still results in China's wall reform so far in the situation got half the result with twice the effort, puts into effect true in no culture Before the system that Qin's brick structure building can just substituted, it could even be possible to because of the useless food of pharynx, the distinctive Qin's brick building culture of China is existed Do nothing and disappear on Chinese soil.

One of existing application Block type is to have been achieved with construction process " a kind of multifunctional combination brick antidetonation that builds a house now The combining structure structure of anticracking assembled building blocks ", the patent of invention technology that patent No. 2L201310200644.0 originals are obtained focuses on solution Certainly Traditional Man building method, builds single or multiple lift house, due to block concave-convex type shape, using traditional mortar building block method not Big suitable, speed of application is slow, is only suitable for economic condition backward regional architecture relatively, is not involved with the assembled house of assembled building blocks Field, influence the Project Technical, the development in an all-round way of product and further genralrlization.

The two of existing application Block type are that a kind of wall is built in concavo-convex chain functional combination in horizontal mortar joint, block Block, in in-line group build be only used for fill wall, without be adapted to structural column change assemblage block, it is impossible to it is independently combinable construct house and Suitable for modern assembled constructs house.

The three of existing application building block are a kind of universal fillings applied at home or load bearing wall building block, but build Mode is the artificial block building of heap of stone one by one in ground of following the prescribed order, and without chain and combining structure function, building structure is with setting up defences Cost is too high.At present, also nobody attempts to construct building block into the case in house with motorization assembly form.There is several light-duty match somebody with somebody the country There are a very important background problems in market in the technological service of shell type house, i.e., domestic correlation technique authority and investment enterprise Industry biases toward for the cognitive diversity of national conditions and assembles board-like or steel member house technology entirely, and a common tendency, is exactly developer Have ignored user to exist between traditional common brick brick-and-concrete buildingses and the building systems of new technique construction larger cost with Cultural difference bring in emotion or ability to shoulder economically passive accepting obstacles.Because tradition builds the house's vives Century-old, and even more than ten years only decades in modern architecture life-span, far away from confidence level of the user to " Qin's brick " house in thousand.Such as A kind of modern Building block of construction is locally being invested and developed, cost height is added, it is very pessimistic in terms of the situation that citizen receive, House is completed for many years, and but nobody subscribes.The cement composition building block system for being better than common brick intensity and texture of many set types of the present invention Product, particularly wherein obtained patent of invention have the chain composite class building block of special function of seismic resistance type body, it is this for traditional brick Mixed structure is better than the building block building of this structure, its thick and heavy sense and the sense of security again, substantially receives barrier without cultural emotion and price Hinder, it is more susceptible to user acceptance.Importantly, without increasing investment of providing fortification against earthquakes, the means of production and equipment are general everywhere at home And, it can transform general, possess the basic condition of scale development.Series of products can be widely used in all kinds of building constructions, traffic The buildings such as bridge tunnel, sponge city piping lane, urban road, water conservancy massif bank protection, and it is good with heat-insulating property, can The change requirement of building energy conservation more than 50% is met, particularly the synthesis function of seismic resistance in house is compared with any similar building, This building brought up to more than ten times in the time for giving people to escape after the earthquake from 12 seconds, in raw and dead key Carve, can really open on the premise of keeping away out effective this important feature of life passage, moreover it is possible to effectively utilize urban architecture The waste resource lifes such as rubbish, industrial mining slag, domestic waste, municipal sludge, agricultural crops stalk, rivers,lakes and seas mud The various comprehensive chain and spacing chain assembled building blocks of output.Make house comprehensive cost less than existing any building.Research Exploitation is improved and promoted this real new chained block for meeting can be competent under national conditions and being better than traditional brick mix structure and builds Building structure system, can form a new industrial chain, and this enriches and lifting China Building technology water to China's construction of future cities It is flat, to accelerating China's wall reform process, save, pass on and distinctive " Qin's brick " architectural culture of development China, with great society Can meaning and economic value, this is even more that industry several generations knowledgeable people struggles expects the dream of realization for it!

The content of the invention

The problem of purpose of the present invention is and existed for existing and existing social background, technical background be improved and Further innovation is available for user to select there is provided the construction method that a kind of product is more perfect, market application foreground is broader , product functionization combination building block pattern, can original manpower build structure house by laying bricks or stones by hand, product component can also be adapted to Change, production industrialization, make-up machinery, with the comprehensive newly general of the real suitable for China of the traditional brick-and-concrete buildingses of replacement comprehensively Thought, new method, new industrial chain institute's type into new building system.In present invention, optional one group of assembled building blocks Beam, post are assembled into, floor is assembled into, the building structure part based on wall is assembled into.This splicing structure form, is suitable for appointing Anti-vibration house is constructed in a kind of what functional combination building block, especially concavo-convex comprehensive chain assembled building blocks building construction, and Adapt to the filling wall and reinforced masonry building of existing skyscraper.

The technical scheme is that a kind of method of chain assembled building blocks assembling members building, including assembling house Component:Structural column, beam, wall, floor, it is characterised in that described:Structural column, beam, wall, floor are respectively by surface of wall In bumps dislocation mortar joint or the different types of exterior wall of horizontal displacement mortar joint, interior wall coincide it is chain be combined it is chain and spacing chain Chamfering, assembled linkage structure post, chain beam, chain wall and the chain floor of chain assembled building blocks of bevelling etc. it is main Build;Each component is furnished with vertical direction hole is available for lifting and the suspension ring stiffener of reinforcement structure double action, Turning into each component can the assembled standard individual member of handling;Linkage structure post and chain wall are contour, chain floor and room The room standard width of a room in an old-style house is wide, and floor can expand assembly, successively assembled according to layout design using mechanical hoisting device, the chain beam after assembly Linkage structure state is horizontally oriented with chain wall, it is chain that linkage structure post is unified in vertical stratification with chain wall body node State;Chain floor is in reinforcing bar or concrete filled steel tube state with chain wall.

Bevelling of the present invention, chamfering the comprehensive chain assembled building blocks of A classes it is characterized in that:Surface of wall horizontal direction is in On the chained block of bumps dislocation mortar joint, the rib of each piece of building block connection front and rear wall, or it is upper or on have and wear muscle notch, this One assembled building blocks be divided into main piece and be respectively main block length 1/2nd, a quarter, 3/4ths auxiliary blocks and L-type section Except having set concave surface and tenon in building block horizontal direction on the basic block such as point corner block, T-shaped node rotation block, building block block Outside, inside and outside two wall of building block is provided with the raised and fair therewith horizontal bench lock tenon in connection two ends, and group is built into after wall, block and block Between, up and down in comprehensive concavo-convex linkage structure relation;

Described surface of wall, in the chain assembled building blocks of level and horizontal displacement mortar joint, is that the chain combination that coincide of B classes is built Block, such assembled building blocks it is characterized in that:Top surface sets horizontal tenon between block interiors block and block, and bottom surface sets horizontal groove, Be up and down the linkage structure that coincide, on the rib of each piece of building block connection front and rear wall, it is upper or on have and wear muscle slotted eye, this is chain Assembled building blocks be divided into main piece, be respectively main block length 1/2nd, a quarter, 3/4ths auxiliary blocks and L-type node With the basic block such as T-shaped node rotation block;

Described surface of wall be in horizontal displacement mortar joint spacing combination chained block, be between block and block up and down it is parallel, Left and right is the spacing linkage structure in chain or left and right that coincide, and is C class assembled building blocks, it is characterized in that:Each piece of building block connects front and rear wall Rib on, up or down or on have and wear muscle slotted eye, this assembled building blocks be divided into main piece, be respectively main block length two/ First, a variety of blocks such as a quarter, 3/4ths auxiliary blocks and L-type node and T-shaped node rotation block;

The difference different types of assembled building blocks of A, B, C, are also provided with the interior wall combination block of thickness ratio outer wall thin above Block, equally by main piece, main block length 1/2nd, a quarter, 3/4ths auxiliary blocks, yi word pattern L-type corner auxiliary Block, T-shaped corner block and exterior wall are adjusted to the basic block in T-shaped direction, or comprehensive company up and down with interior wall switch transition Lock, or chain up and down or left and right coincide chain with the spacing chain a variety of linkages in left and right, utilize one group of any of the above different even The assembled building blocks of lock form can group be built into the thick wall bodies such as interior wall and exterior wall and exterior wall and interior wall thick wall body and house floor, the L such as not The building structure parts such as type, T-shaped, cross and square body structural column, external and internal wall door beam, window beam, outrigger.

Structural column of the present invention is respectively that L-type is T-shaped or cross and four kinds of shapes of square structural column, its feature It is:Wherein L-type corner block combines l-shaped corner constructional column with 1/2 auxiliary block;By T-shaped piece an of word for 1.5 times for main block length T-type structure post is combined into L corner blocks and 1/2 auxiliary block;Intersected in length and breadth up and down successively by T-shaped piece an of word coincide it is chain build by laying bricks or stones, Cross structure post is combined into 1/2 auxiliary block, all independent structures of tetragonal post being made up of main piece of interior wall with L corner blocks Post is planform with wall body node opening shape or is inserted in automatic linkage structure for the single shrinkage pool of dovetail and the single tenon of dovetail;Or Linkage is combined for symmetrical dovetail pass;Be respectively one in front and one in back or one it is latter before the alternately concave-convex of change or one convex One recessed double triangle hole, tenon automatic spacing linking type structure;Or be single knop formula shrinkage pool or be single knop The convex lock tenon automatic linkage formula of formula;Or mutually symmetrical circular hole is combined spacing linking type structure;Or respectively corresponding single ladder type Recess hole or the convex lock tenon Horizontal limiting linking type structure of single ladder type;Or respectively corresponding double ladder type recess holes or double The individual convex lock tenon Horizontal limiting linking type structure of ladder type;Or respectively corresponding single square type recess hole or the convex lock tenon of single square type Horizontal limiting linking type structure;Or respectively corresponding double square type groove holes or double square type tenon Horizontal limiting interlock type knots Structure;Or respectively corresponding single semicircle slotted eye or single semicircle tenon Horizontal limiting linking type structure;Or be respectively relative Double semicircle slotted eyes or the double semicircle tenon Horizontal limiting linking type structures answered;Be respectively one in front and one in back or one it is latter before hand over For a recessed dome tenon Horizontal limiting linking type structure of circular hole one of change;Be respectively one in front and one in back or one it is latter before alternately change A recessed trapezoidal trapezoidal tenon Horizontal limiting of slotted eye one be combined linking type structure;Be respectively one in front and one in back or one it is latter before alternately The spacing even locking type structure of a recessed convex rectangle tenon of rectangular shaped slot one of change;Or be respectively single triangular form recess hole or single triangle Type tenon Horizontal limiting linking type structure;Or respectively concave-concave triangle type hole or the spacing linking type structure of biconvex triangular form tenon;Or Respectively chamfering edging shape infinite place is combined linking type structure;Or respectively zigzag Horizontal limiting linking type structure;Or respectively For the concavo-convex step Horizontal limiting linking type structure of 1/2 rectangle;Or be respectively that cubic rectangle infinite place is combined linkage structure type form; All structural columns are combined chain with wall body node structure or for plug;Or insertion steel reinforcement cage cast concrete be combined it is chain;Or use Reinforcing bar clamp ring is inserted in structural column block end face and is combined linkage with cast concrete after wall block end face spot-welded.

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members of the present invention assemble house, it is characterized in that:Structural column and wall Used assembled building blocks, carried out block chamfering, bevelling technical finesse ash into after wall in the grey slot of surface of wall formation spill Mouthful, i.e., main mortar joint is presented in surface of wall, and the technique adornd with combining wall flour carries out antiseepage envelope crucial point and managed, to substitute tradition Hold knife and wipe grey building method.

A kind of method of chain assembled building blocks assembling members building of the present invention, the beam includes door beam, window Beam, outrigger, the Liangqi is characterized in:Formed with one layer or chain group of block of two layers of building block, in the threading slotted eye set by each layer Middle arrangement horizontal reinforcement and layout vertical and horizontal cross weld point reinforcing bar, all concavo-convex chain composite class building block institutes in hole The beam of formation, up and down male and fomale(M&F) can coincide chain with wall bumps.

Wall described in the method in chain assembled building blocks Building block house of the present invention, it is characterized in that:Including by The lower band door opening wall of Men Liang, the combination of window beam and with window opening wall and without hole whole plate wall or burst assembled wall, institute's split Reinforcement and the dual-purpose band reinforcing bar of handling, or top suspension ring steel pipe with holes, window opening and door are furnished with wall surrounding building block hole There being layout in hole both sides building block hole sets the simple collar tie beam of cloth muscle on reinforcement and handling dual-purpose band reinforcing bar or steel pipe, wall, Divide into and tamped in the simple lower margin collar tie beam of cloth muscle, institute's cloth muscle hole with concrete, cast filling insulation material in remaining hole of building block, and Vertical stringing and level and each structural column and pass and tenon type that wall body node face is opened up is symmetrical or corresponding, and wall Body two ends tap guide hole or conduit of the threading rib setting for the horizontal plug of installation, disposable to implement in place;

The assembled interior wall wall is non-cast blockwork or be composite casting self-heat conserving chained block wall, its method It is characterized in:Using chain assembled building blocks assembly cast compound insulating material wall, die station hydraulic pressure branch is shaken using hydraulic pressure convertible Post support angle, which is more than the split part of 90 ° of gradients, to be relied in support platform, by the good hollow wall of split, to being noted in hole Enter after foamed heat insulating concrete, wall of the hydraulic pressure device for folding by gradient flat board together with institute's split is slowly laid flat, make to be pressurized originally > 3m foaming body becomes only more than ten centimetres of level compression expander, it is ensured that foaming body exists substantially in walling unit hole Steady shaping under passive state, makes wall must be by all ground holes before being really achieved self-insurance temp effect, casting material Feng Shi, seals real before being laid flat by wall apical pore hole.

The method of chain assembled building blocks assembling members building of the present invention it is characterized in that:Described structural column and The assembling method of wall, the premise of structural column and corresponding linkage structure is chain assembly, and according to Design Orientation needs, in wall To cracking the rib in the middle of two set Wire channel in building on vertical block at the segmentation of the depth of beam of body, i.e., filled in structural column and wall Timing, just forms the one end by structural column to the horizontal hole of the other end of wall, in this hole, can be led with pre-buried Pipe and horizontal penetration pipe, are horizontally inserted spacing chain in post, wall assembly docking using bolt element;

It is described in composite assembly structural column and wall, combination structural member for building use mortar technique it is characterized in that:Using viscous Glue dip method, during the part such as composite assembly wall, by common building glue, participates in cement, agitated, is contained with flat box parts, Building block is soaked in mixed serum and glued, is sketched the contours with cement mortar or inner outer powdering layer smears reality.

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members of the present invention assemble house, described floor is divided into embodiment 1 Block combined floor slab and embodiment 2 diamond pattern cloth muscle blind hole floor, described block combined floor slab embodiment 1, it is characterized in that: The block combined floor slab is using main piece and is 1/2 auxiliary block of main block length, with reference to level with longitudinal cloth muscle and in building block hole Concrete is poured into a mould, after maintaining into rigid structural member, is installed directly on wall cylinder;The rib type cloth muscle blind hole floor, it is special Levying is:This kind of structural approach structural approach is the horizontal layout reinforcement on platform, and longitudinal direction is laid out with lifting by crane dual-purpose steel reinforcement cage, Concrete is poured into a mould in hole;The prismatic cloth muscle blind hole floor of embodiment 2, is prefabricated prismatic cloth muscle net, in the corner of net or in advance The pre-buried or later stage is equipped with the triangular form reinforcement of L angles wall formation closing, i.e., the rectangular muscle that the reinforcement two ends are stretched out Head part, when installing floor, directly anchors into the L angles blockwork of split and is furnished with the stem of vertical strengthening ribs, reserved Insert solidification in some perforations with concrete, and through each floor, control to wall is structurally reinforced with this, made originally In the wall cylinder of square the function of seismic resistance in house is further improved in structural mechanics mo(u)ld top half into " all directions " structural wall cylinder.

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members of the present invention assemble house, is provided with L, T, cross square Structural column, it is characterized in that:Being provided with all L, T, cross tetragonal structure post holes hole can be with steel of the insertion per floor plate The reinforced cement concrete structure being laid out in stem in sleeve pipe or reinforcing bar, every layer of wall, structural column and horizontal wall cloth muscle Only welded in each skin vertical block, in post steel pipe sleeve pipe with cover greatly it is small run through per floor, or be laid out reinforcement in structural column, Levels welding rise, the house of low level need not be laid out reinforcement, only be tamped with plain concrete.

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members of the present invention assemble house, it is characterized in that:When each structural member is supported Shield shaping, house foundation is in place, and then according to basic layout design standard width of a room in an old-style house size, individual part is transported to scene by structural column position Such as Figure 30 or first hoisting structure posts, provided with basis identical steel pipe or reinforcing bar in structural column, steel pipe is then with place, the steel that covers small set greatly Muscle is then welded in place, by angle adjustment frock tool, and wall is reassembled after adjustment angle, is formed after house cylinder, reassembled Floor and other conventional prefabricated components such as stair, balcony etc..So by, be successively assembled into composite design requirement Antiseismic house Room.

The method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members of the present invention assemble house, it is characterized in that:Used by it a kind of Chained block is combined by structural column, wall parts assembly structural shape, each standard width of a room in an old-style house house cylinder of individual layer wall can be combined into, " all directions " the wall process implementing brought with reference to floor cloth muscle technology, then handling pieces together the interlayer wall room of disconnected cold and hot bridge-type Room, inside and outside interlamellar spacing type into sandwich hole insert fire-proof and thermal-insulation insulation material.

L, T, cross tetragonal structure post needed for house of the present invention, post bottom passes through the interior steel pipe or reinforcing bar set when assembled Steel pipe can form mixed with the concavo-convex fit of size by the cast of steel reinforcement cage hole with ground base cloth muscle above and below cage, component Xtah Crude Clay structure;Stem set by wall, can according to house desigh height in corresponding hole or configuration insertion reinforcement, or use Plain concrete is tamped, however, in which kind of reinforcement structure form, in tier building building, the characteristics of emphasizing is, such a recessed Convex mortar joint linkage structure can jounce is dynamic everywhere and the longitudinal destructive power of " being boldly confronted a powerful opponent with soft " " to wait for quietly moving ", earthquake that flexibly beat is long-range In the theory support main points of horizontal destructive power, each chain of the every layer of linkage structure that can be conditioned each other building block composition is mainly utilized The shaggy tooth structural shape that part is mutually restricted neatly goes to offset the failure energy of earthquake, and not emphasizes the firm of house entirety It is therefore, this with the blockwork of chain combination layer by layer, the structure of chain combination in the way of property shock resistance removes " by very stiff and demanding " Post for main structure pin-connected panel for level necessary in brick masonry structure building and longitudinal reinforcement or steel reinforcement cage pad, simply examine Consider in the building block of each layer of level in wall and carry out, be not required to weld in each crosspoint in length and breadth, in case increase is unnecessary Technique and material spending and from meeting earthquake in house in the case of, trigger wall crazing unfavorable to antidetonation or suitable on the contrary Its is anti-.

Composite assembly building block block of the present invention, cloth muscle adapts to generation traditional brick-and-concrete buildingses, as long as changing formula unit weight, It is adapted to high-rise frame structure filling wall.

When component assembles house, can first location structure post, wall is filled afterwards, floor is finally filled, can also first positioning wall, Assembling structure post, finally fills floor afterwards.

Composite assembly part of the present invention, be it is further improve house wall heat preservation and insulation, according to region the need for, can It is assembled into the disconnected cold-heat bridge sandwich wall cylinder house of inner-outer wall.

Various structural member assembly amounts of the present invention are big, it is necessary to have corresponding equipment to be specially designed a kind of hydraulic pressure convertible Assembled die station, its characteristic point is:Flat base, workman's assembly standing platform, hydraulic jack, machine are supported by the support of assembled part Each parts group such as seat, fuel tank, the platform relies on flat board, passes through oil cylinder hydraulic static(al) and the pass of central support shaft and commutation support shaft Continuous cropping is used, and can carry out the component under loading to lift in the range of 0-90 °.It is also simultaneously that combined wall must use equipment.

Other such as stair, balcony with general character involved by assembly room of the invention can carry out product component and matched somebody with somebody Set, the position that need to strengthen individually can be with secondary Combined Processing.

Global advantage of the present invention is shown:

First, place structure member can be completed in factory or the operation of building-site low latitude, the manpower of building dense is reduced In the risk of work high above the ground;

Second, being easy to ground finely to implement various techniques, such as wall body decoration versatile layout is implemented into each details;

Third, because the surfacing of building block and the accuracy of physical dimension are high, accelerating speed of application, reducing mortar Usage amount, reduces building cost;

Fourth, solve needs to consume a large amount of templates and steel pipe support in cast in place technique, the problem of constructing slow.

Fifth, with reference to the light supporting of facility, can extensive reconstruction of the old city town building-site, from processing building waste To production building block combined member of gathering materials on the spot, until house is assembled, substantial amounts of raw material freight volume can be reduced, for flourishing city City, reduces urban road because of second of pollution caused by transport waste material, traffic jam is reduced, all with significant social benefit With economic benefit, only cost of transportation can just reduce 15% or so of monolithic architecture input;

Sixth, assembled building blocks are assembled, used device is easy, and scale is changeable, can be relatively in the past red because ground is because of people's selection Brick masonry house, technique, process are simpler, and using more facilitating, cost is cheaper, and quality is more excellent, with regard to equal room House under room quality requirement, the reduction such as average aggregate cost 10-20%.

Seventh, by the chain effect of assembled building blocks embodied it is simple effectively provide fortification against earthquakes uniqueness science, its group House constructed by the component of conjunction, reach antidetonation rank set up defences requirement on the premise of can largely reduce the application of steel, to inclined Remote area underdeveloped is same to reducing the cost of builder and anti seismic efficiency is relatively reliable, can reduce ground to greatest extent The life and property loss that shake burst is caused to the people has important practical significance.

Eighth, combination chained block architectural structure system, traditional brick mixes structural system, with Chinese thousands of years traditional architecture texts Change comes down in a continuous line, the house constructed with it in the minds of its people both without cultural difference accepting obstacles, also less than the warp in existing room rate Help accepting obstacles, and the series of products can be not only used for bottom, it can also be used to skyscraper, you can, also can be extensive for building construction It is comprehensive substitution for buildings such as traffic, bridge, tunnel, sponge city piping lane, avenue road surface, water conservancy bank protection facilities The most ideal product of conventional red tile floor position, the exploitation of its project industrial chain carries out wall to revitalizing China's building material industry to China Reform ultimate aim, carry forward China's architectural tradition culture, expand China's broader practice domain level constraints, promote social economy's hair Exhibition will make tremendous contribution.

Brief description of the drawings:

Fig. 1 be the concavo-convex step upper and lower, left and right of the concavo-convex chain plus antiseepage of three rounds of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes based on main piece 4, Comprehensive chain assembled building blocks block shape schematic diagram after wall antetheca.

Fig. 2 is that single row of holes step of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes based on main piece 4 is combined the concavo-convex chain combination block in upper and lower, left and right Block block shape schematic diagram

Fig. 3 is that the concavo-convex chain combination in three rounds " mesh word " the shape upper and lower, left and right of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes based on main piece 4 is built Block block shape schematic diagram

Fig. 4 is interior wall duplexing word single row of holes upper and lower, left and right concavo-convex chain combination of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes based on main piece 4 Building block block shape schematic diagram

Fig. 5 is that interior wall single row of holes duplexing font upper and lower, left and right of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes based on main piece 4 are concavo-convex chain group Close building block block shape schematic diagram

Fig. 6 is that interior wall single row of holes day word upper and lower, left and right concavo-convex chain combination of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes based on main piece 4 is built Block block shape schematic diagram

Fig. 7 is B classes horizontal mortar joint above and below the mesh font single row of holes based on main piece 4, spacing company after horizontal trapezoidal walls antetheca Lock coincide with left and right dovetail interlocks assembled building blocks block shape schematic diagram

It is spacing after the upper and lower horizontal wall antetheca of the duplexing font of single row of holes that Fig. 8 is B classes horizontal mortar joint based on main piece 4 of interior wall Chain assembled building blocks block shape schematic diagram

Spacing company after the single row of holes day upper and lower horizontal wall antetheca of font that Fig. 9 is B classes horizontal mortar joint based on main piece 4 of interior wall Lock assembled building blocks block shape schematic diagram

Figure 10 is duplexing font parallelogram single row of holes termination of the C classes horizontal mortar joint based on main piece 4 as dovetail hole tenon Coincide interlocking assembled building blocks block shape schematic diagram

Day font single hole round based on main piece 4 of chain assembled building blocks of interior wall reaches that linkage structure block shape is shown with cloth muscle means It is intended to

Figure 11 A are comprehensive chain surface of wall before and after upper and lower, left and right in the chain class assembled building blocks of the concavo-convex mortar joint of A classes The 1. L-type structure post of relevant block combination, 2. T-type structure post, 3. cross-shaped configuration post schematic perspective view.

Figure 11 B are in horizontal mortar joint quasi-linkage for comprehensive concavo-convex chain surface of wall before and after horizontal direction upper and lower, left and right The 1. L-type node structure post of assembled building blocks relevant block combination, 2. T-shaped node structure post, 3. cross node structure post are three-dimensional Schematic diagram.

Figure 11 C are the 1. L-type section that relevant block is respectively combined in the parallel chain class assembled building blocks in left and right up and down between block Point structural column, 2. T-shaped node structure post, 3. cross node structure post schematic perspective view.

Figure 12 is chained block main body and cloth muscle door beam, the window beam schematic diagram of 1/2 auxiliary block split.

Figure 13 is chained block main body and the cloth muscle outrigger or window beam schematic diagram of 1/2 piece of auxiliary split.

Figure 14 is cloth muscle door beam, the window beam schematic diagram by main piece of horizontal plane termination chained block class and 1/2 auxiliary block split.

Figure 15 is the L-type structure post schematic perspective view of the cloth muscle split with chained block is on assembly jig.

Figure 16 is the T-type structure post schematic perspective view of the cloth muscle split with chained block is on assembly jig.

Figure 17 is the floor schematic perspective view combined by B quasi-linkage building blocks arrangement of reinforcement on assembly jig.

Figure 18 is by the band window opening wall schematic perspective view of chained block split on assembly jig.

Figure 19 is that chained block structural column welds or used plug splicing structure method schematic diagram with wall fastener.

Figure 20 is chained block structural column and the not wide block structure schematic diagram of wall.

Figure 21 is that chained block structural column pours into a mould splicing structure schematic diagram with wall using concrete.

Figure 22 is that chained block structural column uses vertical reinforcement cage plunger form splicing structure schematic diagram with wall.

Figure 23 is chained block structural column with wall body node use level crab-bolt with the vertical chain splicing structure being combined Schematic diagram.

Figure 24 is the floor assembling structure schematic diagram built by the building block of B quasi-linkages and arrangement of reinforcement method group.

Figure 25 is the building block floor assembling structure part schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is built by the building block of A quasi-linkages and arrangement of reinforcement method group.

Figure 26 is the blind hole floor cloth muscle structural representation of embodiment 2

Figure 26 ' is that embodiment 2 uses formed in mould prismatic cloth muscle blind hole floor and wall assembling structure schematic diagram.

Figure 27 is that the prismatic cloth muscle blind hole floor of embodiment 2 widens assembled welding schematic diagram.

Figure 28 is the mounting structure post schematic diagram in house foundation structural column pile foundation.

Figure 29 is to utilize to adjust instrument correcting structure post schematic diagram.

Figure 30 uses hanging device hanging belt door opening wall and the chain assembled schematic diagram of structural column.

Figure 31,32 use hanging device hanging belt window opening wall and the chain assembled schematic diagram of structural column.

Figure 33 uses hanging device lifting whole plate wall and the chain assembled schematic diagram of structural column.

Figure 34 lifts floor schematic diagram using hanging device

Figure 35 is floor, post, wall, house integral lifting assembling schematic diagram

Figure 36 is assembled into disconnected cold-heat bridge sandwich wall cylinder schematic diagram using any group of combination interior wall chained block.

Figure 37,38,39 are the equivalent or assembled die station operating diagrams of hydraulic pressure.

Embodiment:

The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples

As shown in figure 1, be a kind of three rounds all direction multifunctional sex-kink assembled building blocks, it with main piece 4 in Fig. 1 is core to be The heart, constitute be respectively main block length 3/4 Fig. 1 in 3,2/4 Fig. 1 in 2,1/4 Fig. 1 in 1 and L-type Fig. 16 etc. in 5, T-shaped Fig. 1 Block constitutes a kind of assembled building blocks for the chain mortar joint type that misplaced in the surface of wall constructed for A kinds bumps, as splicing structure Post, beam, wall and floor can finally be assembled into the most basic part in house, and 9 and 10 shown formation blocks are upwards in Fig. 1 The lower concavo-convex linkage structure relation in left and right;4 and 4 ' levels or so the linkage relationships formed between blocks, 4 ' with plane two on block The inner side of convex lock tenon, which is connected, to maintain an equal level, and it is corresponding step to form one with concave plane on the outside of block 10, is formed with block bottom surface " groove can coincide chain, both further enhanced the effect of Horizontal limiting between wall block, and be avoided that again for corresponding 4 Straight line straight joint after generation group is built inside and outside wall, both waterproof, seepage control, and the function of blocking cold-heat bridge can be increased.Such a chain combination Building block is only suitable for the bidirectional hydraulic make-up machine above and below high tonnage and produced.

As shown in Fig. 2 chain group that is in concavo-convex mortar joint for a kind of single row of holes wall similar to function affect described in Fig. 1 Close building block, this group of building block is by 3 in 4,3/4 figure in main piece of figure, 2 in 1/2 piece of figure, in 1/4 piece of figure 5 and T-shaped in 1, L corner block figures 6 grade basic block types are combined into a kind of combination chained block in corner block figure.Such as " duplexing word ", block two ends are symmetrical expression to main piece of shape 8,8 ' in dovetail opening hole pattern.

As shown in figure 3, such a combination chained block is suitable for domestic common fixed or walking forming machine production, but palpus Core pulling mould is set.Function affect identical one kind " mesh word " type three round, surface of wall are in the bumps dislocation of A classes described in Fig. 1 The chain assembled building blocks of mortar joint, building block is by 3 in 4,3/4 figure in main piece of figure, 2 in 1/2 piece of figure, in 1/4 piece of figure 5 in 1, L corner figures A kind of combination chained block is combined into 6 basic block types in T-shaped corner figure.With main piece on the block of core, not set level The chain step with waterproof, main piece of two ends hole shape is single dovetail hole 8, and block rib is provided with the slotted eye 7 for wearing muscle, such a Block is adapts to domestic fixation or walking, and common table shake is produced and designed with molding apparatus, but need to reequip or set core pulling mould.

As shown in figure 4, being in A for similar one kind " duplex " font of the function affect described in Fig. 1 single row of holes, surface of wall The combination chained block of concavo-convex dislocation mortar joint type is planted, by 1, L 3 in 4,3/4 figure in main piece of figure, 2 in 1/2 piece of figure, in 1/4 piece of figure In corner figure 5 and T-shaped corner figure in 6 basic block types be combined into a kind of combination chained block.Main piece of two ends hole shape is " swallow The Wire channel in building 7 of muscle can be worn by being provided with tail " hole 8, block surface layer rib, and such a block adapts to domestic common table shake and fixed or walking Equipment is produced.

As shown in figure 5, chained block is combined with the matching used interior wall of exterior wall for one kind described in Fig. 1, this one kind combination 7 ' outer, interior T-shaped corner interlock block in Fig. 5 are provided with building block, block coincide a chain end rib provided with cloth muscle groove with exterior wall 7, the end rib of interior wall one is provided with cloth muscle groove 7, other block ribs and is equipped with cloth muscle groove, and this assembled building blocks is respectively by main piece 4,1/ 2 piece 2,3/4 piece 3,1/4 piece 1, L hornblocks 5 and T-shaped corner and cross share block 6 and constituted.This set product is suitable for fixed common Mould shakes or platform shake equipment or the production of walking equipment, need to set core pulling mould.

As shown in fig. 6, combining chained block with the matching used interior wall of exterior wall for one kind described in Fig. 5, this combination is built Be provided with L corner blocks in block, its side based on block block 3/4 with opposite side is block length 1/4 combined in 90 ° of angles and Into, it is convex lock rib on have Wire channel in building hole 7, this assembled building blocks respectively 2 in 1,1/2 figure in 4,1/4 figure in main piece of figure, 3 in 3/4 figure, 5 in L corner block figures, T-shaped 9 are shared in block figure in 6 and right-angled corner block figure with cross constituted.Such a combination Another feature of building block is symmetrical above and below, and the both forward and reverse directions that can turn somersault are built by laying bricks or stones, adapt to various rectangular configuration posts and L, T, Cross-shaped configuration post is assembled, is suitable for high tonnage bidirectional hydraulic make-up equipment production.

As shown in fig. 7, being that a kind of surface of wall is in chain vertical with termination dovetail hole in B class horizontal displacement mortar joints, level The assembled building blocks of dual linked, main piece of body is to be provided with the outside of " shellfish " font, the horizontal plane of building block from block one end to the other end Recessed locking face 10 and convex lock plane 4 ', convex lock plane and block rib 9 ' maintain an equal level, and block rib is provided with symmetrical parallel threading slotted eye 7, This assembled building blocks is respectively by main piece 1,1/2, the 2 of main block length;1/4、1;3/4、4;L corner blocks 5 and T-shaped and cross corner Block 6 is constituted;When group builds a wall body, 10 and 4 in figure ", it is 4 ' concavo-convex spacing chain with level above and below 10 ', 8 coincide with 8 ' levels it is spacing Chain, this set product is suitable for the wider mould shake of domestic popularization, or mould shake plus platform shake block machine production, but need to change to set and take out Core.

As shown in figure 8, chain connecting for one group of same type interior wall Horizontal limiting for coordinating Fig. 7 exterior walls to construct house with inner-outer wall The assembled building blocks of lock, it respectively by main piece 4, be main block length 1/4,1;1/2、2;3/4、3;L corners 5, T-shaped and cross corner Share block 6 and the excessive interlock block 7A compositions of the T-shaped corner block of inner-outer wall;After a word wall group is built, the upper convex lock tenon 4 ' of plane in block It coincide spacing chain with vertical with 10 ' levels, when exterior wall and interior wall constitute T-shaped wall, uses L transition interlock block 7A, block 7A In 11 coincide with the hole shape of 6 T-shaped block centre bore of exterior wall 11 in Fig. 7, by block 4 ' with it is concavo-convex identical spacing chain above and below 10 '.Group Synthesize T-shaped linkage structure post, wall.Such a composite class Horizontal limiting chained block is adapted to domestic common block forming machine equipment through changing Core pulling modular form is caused, the two-way concave surface of block is upward, you can production.

As shown in figure 9, to adapt to the chain block of one group of interior wall set by the chain assembled building blocks of Horizontal limiting of Fig. 8 shown types Block, the outstanding feature of this group of building block be additionally arranged can direct corner symmetrical expression L-type corner block 9,9 ' because on this Level is concavo-convex concavo-convex spacing chain non-symmetrical above and below chain with lower level, a kind of unavailable block corner of the L blocks and necessarily Chain construct in the corner in house is adapted to by the L blocks of a pair of opposite directions to construct (see the application of figure two with rectangular configuration post 《By the assembled structural column of chain assembled building blocks and assembled equipment》Shown in patent of invention Figure 12,13,14,15), such a combination is chain Building block is adapted to domestic common block forming machine equipment or walking equipment, engineered core pulling modular form, the horizontal concave surface court of block Upper production.

As shown in Figure 10, it is that C class walls are two-sided in the identical self-locking class combination chained block of horizontal displacement mortar joint both ends horizontal, Its various corner block and main piece of one end of block 4 ' that such as structural column 5,6 and wall side are used, are that the other end of dovetail hole 8 is identical Lock convex lock tenon 8 ', pass through horizontal dovetail self-locking formula, it is ensured that each horizontal fish tail biting formula of building block it is chain.With reference to plug, fill concrete Or the real structural column of snap ring weldering and wall body node or identical self-locking or spacing passive type is chain.Wall increases vertical reinforcing bars amount, this One group of chained block by main piece, respectively based on fast length 1/2,3/4,1/3 and L corner blocks, T-shaped with cross share corner block Combine.

Combination of the above building block, has all carried out chamfered as shown in Fig. 1 13 in block corner, block both sides has been carried out Bevelling processing, as shown in Fig. 1 14.

Figure 11 A are tri- kinds of chain shape versions of difference of A, B, C according to designed by the domestic type selecting equipment for being adapted to production Surface of wall in the concavo-convex chain mortar joint of misplacing the comprehensive chain assembled building blocks of A, using as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 assemblage block In 5 same L corners Block directions turn 90 ° of positions and intersect and be combined into L corner-pillars in 11A 1. with Fig. 12, using in this figure 6 with 5 and 2 every layer intersect and build the 2. T-type structure post to be formed in Figure 11 A types by laying bricks or stones, 6 and 2 right-angled intersections in use above figure are built Build the cross-shaped configuration post to be formed in Figure 11 A 3..Each structural column is symmetrical dovetail hole with wall combination opening shape above, is such as schemed 8 in 1,8 in Fig. 2, shown in 8 in Fig. 3, in the chain mortar joint that misplaces between each structural column of the above and wall horizontal plane block. Corner 1 ' is in horizontal mortar joint.See 1 in figure " shown in.

Figure 11 B be according to domestic equipment be adapted to production type selecting equipment designed by tri- kinds of chain shapes of difference of A, B, C with A kind of wall in form is the B kind chained blocks of horizontal mortar joint, and combination utilizes L corner blocks 5 and 2 two kind of block shape in Fig. 7, The L-type structure post that every layer of building block intersection group is built is 1.;2. it is to utilize the L corner blocks 5 and 6 and 2 three kind of block in Fig. 7 in Figure 12 Body, the T-type structure post of every layer of combined crosswise;3. it is the cross-shaped configuration post for intersecting group block using 6 in Fig. 7 and 2 blocks, The node that structural column is combined with wall is is symmetrical expression dovetail hole with wall side block opening shape, as shown in Fig. 78, wherein L Angle 1 " is in concavo-convex mortar joint;It is in horizontal displacement mortar joint between each block of other structure posts and wall.

Figure 11 C are tri- kinds of chain shapes of difference of ABC and form according to designed by the domestic type selecting equipment for being adapted to production The L5 corner blocks samsara that surface of wall is combined in the C classes of horizontal displacement mortar joint in the spacing chained block in two ends, such as Figure 10 converts 90 ° L-type structure post is combined into 1/2 adjustment block 2;Intersect group using 6 in Figure 10 and 5 and 2 and be built into T-type structure post 2.;In Figure 10 6 intersect group with 2 and be built into cross structure post 3..Each structural column is symmetrical dovetail hole with wall combination node opening shape above, As shown in 8 in Figure 10 blocks, each structural column corner 1 of the above " and be in horizontal displacement mortar joint between each block of wall.It is described all L-shaped, T-shaped, decussate texture post have been applied at the same time《By the assembled structural column of chain assembled building blocks and assembled equipment》Picture and text It is middle to describe in detail.The tetragonal post, is shown in application simultaneously《By the assembled structural column of chain assembled building blocks and assembled equipment》 In document shown in accompanying drawing 12,13,14,15.

As shown in figure 12, by main piece of 4 rods arranged in horizontal line in Fig. 1-Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, Figure 10, in the wiring groove up and down of block 4 Upper layout horizontal stiffener, after being laid out in block hole and welding vertical stiffeners, concrete is poured into a mould to cloth muscle hole, through supporting Shield shaping.It is characterized in that can see as upper and lower chain window, Men Liang, the simple window beam of being coincide with wall shaggy tooth in Figure 12 4 shown in double-decker outrigger as 4 in Figure 13 and 4 in Figure 14 shown in.

As shown in figure 30, it is made up of Fig. 1-Fig. 4 in wall in the comprehensive chain block 4 and block 2 of concavo-convex dislocation mortar joint Band door opening wall;Wherein MC is arrangement of reinforcement door beam or window beam;3X is simple arrangement of reinforcement collar tie beam;5D is arrangement of reinforcement footing beam or outrigger, and 5A is Cloth muscle steel loop is lifted, all cloth muscles are all laid out in place during assembled part.

As shown in figure 18, MC is cloth muscle in the band window opening wall being built into by 2 groups of main piece 4 in Fig. 1-Fig. 4 and auxiliary block, figure Window beam;3X is simple cloth muscle collar tie beam;MC is cloth muscle window sill;3X is cloth muscle footing beam.

If Figure 17 is the floor with main piece 4 of Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Fig. 9 interior wall and the assembled building block of auxiliary block 2,4H is vertical junction Structure steel reinforcement cage, 5A ' welds to be longitudinally reinforced with the dual-purpose reinforcing bar 5A ' of suspension ring 5A or steel reinforcement cage 4H, 5A lower end for institute cloth reinforcing bar 5A ' Steel supporting plate 6b, after floor group is finished building, to pouring into a mould concrete in vertical hole, into rigidity part after natural curing.

If Figure 24,25 are that the chained block floor of block combined floor slab member embodiment 1 is laid out showing for reinforcement in block It is intended to, 4 be main piece of interior wall in figure, and 2 be the auxiliary block of interior wall 1/2;4H is the longitudinal reinforcement cage penetrated in building block hole;5D adds for level Strengthening tendons, 6b is suspension ring steel reinforcement cage steel supporting plate, plays fixed and assembled welding.When splicing building block floor, in the Figure 24 of floor one end 2 be 1/2 piece of block hole, be pressed on walling unit and coincide with wall hole, insertion drill rod inserts concrete, and floor area can add Greatly, the steel supporting plate 6b of electric welding when assembled, two plates, which are connected, to be welded, then smears real waterproof mortar in the poor mouth of split welding.

When being laid out reinforcing bar such as Figure 26 for the blind hole floor arrangement of reinforcement schematic diagram of embodiment 2, ensure two in each four angles of monolithic Right angle is furnished with the reinforcing bar of elbow 8 or four angles are equipped with the reinforcing bar of elbow 8, when floor and house standard width of a room in an old-style house area equation, all elbows 8 The identical riveting of reinforcing bar enters in the wall hole born, makes to be that cubic wall cylinder is changed into " all directions " wall cylinder in mechanical property originally Body, the antidetonation anti-cracking function in house is increased with progressive.6b assembles building to lengthen or widening the assembled welded plate of floor in Figure 26 ' During plate, upward, down, two plates can be inserted in drill rod welding to floor blind hole 1 with flush in pipe, and 10 be blind hole in Figure 27 for baseplane The hollow hole that set each rhombus blind hole is communicated in rib type rib, is available for the flexible selective interconnection position of embedded threading pipe, 6 be stringing Signal, 6b is welded plate, and four sides of floor are equipped with locking bolt hole 5 that is vertical and being fit to porthole hole in addition, install floor and wall Body positive angle in place after, steel pipe or reinforcing bar (7H) are inserted in hole Figure 26 ' are shown in by concrete strengthening sizing with walling unit hole It is shown.

As shown in figure 21, it is the structural approach schematic diagram of structural column and wall assembly stage, the centre bore of each structural column Reinforcement is all furnished with every layer of connected structure steel pipe 3C in place and provided with being available for handling and reinforcement structure columns bearing capacity intensity etc. to make The dual-purpose reinforcing bar 5A ' of suspension ring 5, by suspension ring reinforcing bar 5A ', hangs in building-site in place by each structural column.Structural column and wall Body node structural approach, or it is defined as self-locking structure for a kind of formed by structural column and the block end face perforate of wall side, such as The identical self-locking of 8 dovetail shrinkage pools and 8 ' dovetail tenons in Figure 23;Or 4Z as shown in Figure 19, with swallow-tail form reinforcing bar lock ring point Structural column and wall side are not caught in, to the snap ring of two-phase split, concrete is poured into a mould in welding hole, form this indirectly chain In 8 corresponding, symmetrical dovetail node holes in formula or such as Figure 21, indirect interlock type is inserted with prefabricated plug 4D;Or as schemed 11A, B, the various opening shapes shown in C-structure post and wall body structure are into being inserted in restriction interlock type;Or if 5 ' in Figure 21 are with pouring The indirect interlock type of concrete is noted, or as the 4H in 4H Figure 22 in Figure 20 is indirect with concrete is poured into a mould after dovetail type steel reinforcement cage lock set The horizontal plug structure interlock types of 4F in interlock type or such as Figure 23.

As shown in figure 23,3 level height are at least divided into according to wall height when assembled distribution structure post part and wall part Distance, can be in advance by block termination rib as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, in Fig. 3, Fig. 49 ' tap, structural column and wall body node is had three Individual contour horizontal plug lockhole, when wall and structural column are in place, can be horizontally inserted special locking bolt 4F rapid by structural column Chain in place with wall, 4F is alternatively horizontal wiring pipe in figure.1 is front view in figure, in figure 3 be in top view, figure 2 be side view 4 be stereogram in figure, figure.

As Figure 28 is laid out according to the house foundation standard width of a room in an old-style house by laying bricks or stones, basis is first built to smooth, and the 3C ' that embedded bar post is shown in Figure 28 Each knot constructional column handling is inserted in place with the embedded steel tube C3 in post and reinforcement foundation post 3C ', angle adjustment machine frame is used, such as In Figure 35 shown in 7, by L-type structure post, 1. 2. angle is adjusted in place with distance by design drawing with T-type structure post, then respectively by Be assembled into door opening as shown in 1 ' in Figure 30 or with 2 ' parts in wall, such as Figure 33 between 4 ' or whole plate in window opening such as Figure 31,32 Assembled in place by step and each structural column, structural column is with wall body node or directly identical interlocking as shown in 8 ' in Figure 23;Or as schemed Plug 4C is utilized to be combined shown in 23 chain;Or the cloth muscle as shown in Figure 19,22 pours into concrete interlocking, then according to shown in Figure 34, Floor member 6 is inserted in the steel pipe 5A or reinforcing bar 5A ' that each structural column center Shen goes out and is inserted in 3C ' assemblings, as shown in figure 35, in assembling Before floor, it is necessary to which the faying face of floor and wall or wall and floor is spread into mortar.Such single or multiple lift house just can be fast Quick-mounting is with place.

Such as Figure 36, respectively using any one group of assembled building blocks in interior wall assembled building blocks set by Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10 The setting of reinforcing bar is socketed with reference to inner-outer wall, inner-outer wall sandwich wall cylinder house can be assembled into.Wherein A is wall front view;B For wall side view;C is sandwich wall top view;E is wall stereogram;D is one jiao of enlarged drawing of sandwich wall;1 is wall outer layer building block; 2 be layer building block within the walls;3 be sandwich space.

As Figure 37 for all assembling members of the invention must through corollary equipment, by the support supporting plate base of assembled part 7, workman's assembly standing platform 1, each part composition such as hydraulic jack 8, support 9, fuel tank, platform relies on flat board, passes through oil cylinder Hydraulic pressure central support shaft 7 and the connection of commutation support are acted on, and can carry out the structure under loading to rise in 0-90 ° of angular range Drop, figure 3 above 8 is to solve pouring foaming concrete in wall, it is to avoid essential to being shunk because of the big generation foam of vertical height pressure Element of installation, hydraulic lift is acted after assembled and cast, and foam filled wall is laid flat.See 12 in Figure 39, that is, ensure hair Foam is natural shaped in building block hole to make self heat insulation wall.

It the foregoing is only the present invention selected combination chained block linkage and assembling house including making to have Several exemplary embodiments, however not excluded that it is all on the basis of the present invention or within principle, by industry personage to all the elements of the present invention Local improvement, homogeneity for being made etc. are changed content and are intended to be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of method in chain assembled building blocks assembling members assembling house includes beam, structural column, wall and floor, its feature exists In:Described girder construction post, wall and floor is respectively by the assembled chain beam of chain assembled building blocks, linkage structure Post component, chain wall body construction, chain floor member;Each component vertical direction cavity in, equipped be available for lifting with plus The suspension ring stiffener (5A ') or steel sleeve (3C) of strong structure double action, in the real concrete of the empty inner canister of suspension ring reinforcement (5′);It is furnished with each component and laterally sockets reinforcing bar (5D), turning into each component can the assembled standard individual member of handling;Even Lock construction post and chain wall are contour, and chain floor is wider than house standard width of a room in an old-style house width, and floor area can expand assembly, be hung using machinery Installing it is standby according to layout design by successively assembled, it is assembled after chain beam, linkage structure post and chain wall at least in A kind of left and right linkage structure state in the grey suture of horizontal direction formation (C);Linkage structure post is unified in chain wall body node Vertical stratification chain (8), (8 ') state;Floor and wall are in concrete steel structure (7H) shape of reinforcing bar or the vertical plug of steel pipe State.
2. according to the assembled structural column of the chain assembled building blocks described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described combination chained block (it is for core, in the comprehensive linkage masonry surface layer of the upper and lower, left and right fore-and-aft direction of block in concavo-convex ash with main piece (4) Seam is (A) quasi-linkage assembled building blocks, after wall is combined into, and surface horizontal direction connects in recessed (10) convex (9), convex (4 ') dislocation On lock and recessed joint (A), the rib of each piece of building block connection front and rear wall, or it is upper or have and wear muscle notch (7), this combination Building block is by main piece and is 1/2nd (2) of main block length, a quarter (1), 3/4ths (3) auxiliary blocks and L-shaped respectively The basic block composition such as corner block (5), T-shaped corner block (6), except building block has set recessed locking face (10) and convex lock tenon in the horizontal direction (9) outside, inside and outside two wall of building block is provided with the convex lock tenon (4 ') of the raised and fair therewith horizontal bench in connection two ends, building structure Post is in close comprehensive linkage structure relation with wall.
Described chain assembled building blocks are:It is B classes in surface of wall in level and the assembled building blocks of the mortar joint (B) of horizontal displacement Chain assembled building blocks, the block interiors top surface sets horizontal tenon (4 '), and bottom surface sets the recessed locked groove (10 ') of level, masonry structure On the linkage relationship that predominantly coincide up and down, the rib (9) of each piece of building block connection front and rear wall, or it is upper or on have and wear muscle groove Hole (7), this assembled building blocks is by main piece (4) and is 1/2nd (2) of main block length, a quarter (1), 3/4ths respectively (3) auxiliary block and L-shaped corner block (5) are constituted with the basic block such as T-shaped corner block (6).
Described chain assembled building blocks, be above and below parallel fashion (C) mortar joint inside block two ends be linkage structure relation company Lock building block, masonry structure be in predominantly the recessed lockhole of dovetail type (8) dovetail type it is convex lock tenon (8 ') left and right direction coincide it is chain or The left and right spacing linkage relationship in direction, is C class assembled building blocks, each building block by main piece (4), be respectively main block length two/ The block such as one (2), a quarter (1), 3/4ths (3) auxiliary blocks and L-shaped corner block (5) and T-shaped corner block (6) is constituted; The rib of building block front and rear wall is provided with and worn in rib notch (7).
Described chain assembled building blocks, there is provided the interior wall assembled building blocks of thickness ratio outer wall thin, by main piece (4), main block length / 2nd (2), a quarter (1), 3/4ths (3) auxiliary blocks, L-shaped corner block (5), T-shaped corner block (6) and exterior wall with The basic block such as T-shaped piece (7A) of the regulation of interior wall switch transition, or upper and lower, left and right are comprehensive chain between block, or it is upper and lower It is chain, or front and rear wall coincide it is chain with block termination left and right spacing chain (8) with shown in (8 '), using one group of any of the above not Assembled building blocks with linkage can be assembled into the thick wall bodies such as interior wall and exterior wall and exterior wall and the interior wall thick wall body such as not, required supporting L types 1., it is T-shaped 2., it is cross 3. and the structural column commonly used of cubic body assembling house.
Different types of chain assembled building blocks described above, have all carried out chamfering (13) bevelling (14) processing.
3. the method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members according to claim 1 assemble house, it is characterised in that:Described Linkage structure post is respectively L-shaped, T-shaped, cross, the structural column of four kinds of shapes of square, and " L " the shape structural column is by combining L blocks (5) in building block successively change 90 ° of angles with 1/2 block (2), and chain group of block is formed, L-type structure post formed after it is straight Be furnished with Steel Casing (3C) in corner apertures, post upper end steel sleeve is provided with the hole (5A) for being available for handling, L-type structure post in addition with wall knot In the hole for closing direction, the stiffener (5A ') of different-diameter, the water that structural column is combined with wall are arranged according to house desigh floor height Square to the steel pipe (4F) that stage casing layout can be with the chain plug structure of wall up and down, concrete perfusion in all vertical holes (5 '), make structural column turn into the L node individual struts component (11A is 1.) in assembling house, (11B is 1.), (11C is 1.);
The T-shape structural column is by the L blocks (5) in assembled building blocks and main piece (6) three kinds of 1/2 block (2) and tee T Block and alternately chain group of block form, " T " font structure post formed after centre bore in be furnished with steel sleeve (3C), the steel of post upper end Sleeve pipe is provided with the hole (5A) for being available for handling, three directions of post and the node vertical direction hole of wall connecting, according to house desigh Floor height is laid out the band stiffener (5A) of different-diameter, structure column outer wall and middle segment layout energy above and below interior wall knee level direction The concrete perfusion in the steel pipe (4F) of chain plug, all vertical holes with wall, makes the T-shaped only of assembling house Vertical pillar component (11A is 2.), (11B 2., (11C is 2.);
" ten " the font structure post is to intersect chain group by " fourth " word main piece (6) in assembled building blocks is overlapping with 1/2 auxiliary block Block is formed, and is furnished with steel sleeve (3C) in the centre bore of " ten " font structure formation, the steel sleeve of post upper end, which is provided with, is available for handling Needed in hole (5A), vertical hole according to design or partly or entirely tamp concrete (11A is 3.), (11B is 3.), (11C is 3.);
The tetragonal structure post is, by the corner block (9J) in assembled building blocks, to be formed or by L corner blocks with main piece (4) group block (9A), (9B), builds with main piece of (4) alternate group and forms.
The lockhole that the L-shaped, T-shaped, decussate texture post side and wall body node vertical direction are formed is dovetail hole, dovetail company The shape of lock construction.
4. the method in chain assembled building blocks assembling members installation diagram house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Described Chain beam includes door beam (MC), window beam (MC), outrigger (3X), is formed with one layer or chain group of block of two layers of building block, in each layer Arrangement horizontal reinforcement (6D) and the layout vertical and horizontal cross weld point reinforcing bar in hole in set threading slotted eye (7) (5D), then pours into a mould concrete, and beam that all concavo-convex chain composite class building blocks are formed, up and down male and fomale(M&F) can be concavo-convex with wall It coincide chain.
5. the method that the chain assembled building blocks splicing structure part assembles house, the wall are required according to right 1 it is characterized in that: Including being combined by the band door opening wall under Men Liang (MC), window beam (MC) combination with window opening wall and without hole whole plate wall or burst Reinforcement and the dual-purpose band reinforcing bar (5A ') of handling are furnished with wall, the wall surrounding building block hole of institute's split, or through structural column Top suspension ring with holes (5A) steel pipe (3C), window opening has reinforcement and the dual-purpose band of handling with layout in door opening both sides building block hole The simple collar tie beam of cloth muscle (3X) is set on reinforcing bar or steel pipe, wall, divides into and is used in the simple lower margin collar tie beam (3X) of cloth muscle, institute's cloth muscle hole Concrete is tamped, for cast filling insulation material, wall side and each structure Column border node face institute in remaining hole of the building block of exterior wall The pass opened up and tenon type it is symmetrical compound chain or it is corresponding coincide chain, and wall two ends crack and to form threading slotted eye and set Put and be available for that light current penetration pipe and the chain conduit of horizontal plug (4F) are installed.
6. the method that chain assembled building blocks assembling members according to claim 1 assemble house, it is characterized in that:Using chain Assembled building blocks assembly cast compound insulating material wall, then using hydraulic pressure convertible vibrations die station equipment, hydraulic prop (5), branch Support angle degree is more than 90 ° of gradients, relies on support platform (2,3), can send out being injected in hole the good hollow wall of split (13) Steep after thermal insulation concrete, the wall by hydraulic pressure device for folding by gradient flat board together with institute's split is slowly laid flat, make to be pressurized originally > 3m foaming body becomes only more than ten centimetres of level compression expander, it is ensured that foaming body exists substantially in walling unit hole Steadily it is molded under passive state, makes wall must be by all towards ground before being really achieved self-insurance temp effect, casting material Hole envelope is real, and wall apical pore hole is sealed into real before being laid flat, self heat insulation wall is formed with this.
7. a kind of method in chain assembled building blocks assembling members assembling house according to claim 1 is characterized in that:Institute Floor is stated including embodiment 1 by the chain assembled building blocks of interior wall assembled chained block floor and the prismatic blind hole cloth muscle building of embodiment 2 Plate;The interior wall chained block floor of embodiment 1 is built by the chain combination of the supporting interior wall of all types of chain assembled building blocks of A, B, C Main piece (4) in block are organized to build and combine in longitudinal bore with 1/2 auxiliary block (2) arranges suspension ring (5A) with strengthening dual-purpose and and hole Into in the presence of 90 degree of horizontal stiffeners (5D) and concrete structure, the rigid floor construction part after maintenance is formed;Implement The prismatic blind hole cloth muscle floor of example 2 is real by cloth muscle, concrete shake horizontal tremble in specific die station, and the lightweight formed after depanning is blind Hole entirety floor, is characterized in, by prefabricated prismatic cloth muscle net, to set framework reinforcing bar (1) in the surrounding of net, set in the corner of net Putting reinforcement (3) makes floor corner steel frame construction triangular in shape, and reinforcement (3) two ends extension and floor frame are rectangular Muscle head (8), when installing floor, can coincide and stretch into wall corner hole, after concrete setting, make the wall originally in square Cylinder, forms all directions wall in structural behaviour.
8. a kind of method in chain assembled building blocks assembling members assembling house is characterized in that according to claim 1:It is described In composite assembly structural column and wall, using viscose glue dip method, during the part such as composite assembly wall, by common building glue, Cement is participated in, it is agitated, contained with flat box parts, building block is soaked in mixed serum and glued, wall surface is in recessed ash Slot is sketched the contours with cement mortar or inner outer powdering layer smears reality.
9. the method that assembled building blocks assembling members according to claim 1 assemble house, it is characterized in that:All L, T, cross In tetragonal structure post, house foundation is provided with can be with the chain reinforcing bar for being inserted in floor or steel pipe (3C '), individual layer, multi-story masonry knot The cement concrete constructions and wall horizontal direction cloth muscle being laid out in stem, structural column in structure house, every layer of wall only exist Welded in each skin vertical block, steel pipe sleeve pipe is small through every floor to cover greatly in post, or reinforcement is laid out in structural column, up and down Layer welding rise, the house of low level need not separately be laid out reinforcement, only in addition to for lifting reinforcing bar (5A) or steel loop pipe (3C) Tamped with plain concrete.All components are carried out with handling assembling pair, all structural columns are with node structure or multiple for plug with wall Close chain;Or insertion steel reinforcement cage cast concrete be combined it is chain;Or structural column block end face and wall end face are inserted in reinforcing bar clamp ring Linkage is combined with spot-welded after-pouring concrete, or is interlocked spacing linkage for male and fomale(M&F).
10. the method that assembled building blocks assembling members according to claim 1 assemble house, it is characterized in that:One is used by it Combination chained block is planted by structural column, wall parts assembly structure type can be combined into each standard width of a room in an old-style house house cylinder of individual layer wall Body, " all directions " the wall process implementing brought with reference to floor cloth muscle technology, then handling pieces together the sandwich wall of disconnected cold and hot bridge-type Fire-proof and thermal-insulation insulation material is inserted in body house, the sandwich hole of inside and outside interlamellar spacing formation.(see shown in Figure 36).
11. the method that the assembled building blocks assembling members according to claim any one of 1-9 assemble house, it is characterized in that:Institute The various structural members stated rely in a kind of equivalent assembled vibrations die station of hydraulic pressure and complete (Figure 37), the equivalent assembled vibrations of described hydraulic pressure Die station, the assembled standing platform (1) of flat base (2 in Figure 37), workman, hydraulic jack (6), machine are supported by the support of assembled part Seat (9), fuel tank (8) composition, the platform rely on flat board (3), are supported by oil cylinder hydraulic static(al) and central support shaft (5) with commutation The connection effect of bearing (4), can carry out the component under loading 0-90 ° of lifting.
CN201611010220.8A 2016-11-12 2016-11-12 The method in chain assembled building blocks assembling members assembly house CN107060071B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108468381A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-08-31 浙江双友物流器械股份有限公司 A kind of main bearing column structure of integrated house
CN108468381B (en) * 2018-03-12 2020-06-30 浙江双友物流器械股份有限公司 Main bearing upright post structure of integrated house

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CN2412944Y (en) * 2000-01-22 2001-01-03 段志祥 Earthquake-proof cracking tee multi-purpose linked building block
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108468381A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-08-31 浙江双友物流器械股份有限公司 A kind of main bearing column structure of integrated house
CN108468381B (en) * 2018-03-12 2020-06-30 浙江双友物流器械股份有限公司 Main bearing upright post structure of integrated house

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