CN107059916B - A kind of retaining wall and its construction method with body structure portion disengagement - Google Patents

A kind of retaining wall and its construction method with body structure portion disengagement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107059916B
CN107059916B CN201710329741.8A CN201710329741A CN107059916B CN 107059916 B CN107059916 B CN 107059916B CN 201710329741 A CN201710329741 A CN 201710329741A CN 107059916 B CN107059916 B CN 107059916B
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China
Prior art keywords
retaining wall
fixity
body structure
structure portion
disengaged
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CN201710329741.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107059916A (en
Inventor
张大伟
郭建军
徐承强
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Tongyuan Design Group Co.,Ltd.
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Circle Design Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710329741.8A priority Critical patent/CN107059916B/en
Publication of CN107059916A publication Critical patent/CN107059916A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • E02D29/0258Retaining or protecting walls characterised by constructional features
    • E02D29/0275Retaining or protecting walls characterised by constructional features cast in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/16Arrangement or construction of joints in foundation structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • E02D31/025Draining membranes, sheets or fabric specially adapted therefor, e.g. with dimples

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of retaining wall separated with main structure and its construction methods, retaining wall sets seam between the overhanging bridging piece of the main structure of building more than position of fixity and disengages, and sealing material filleting is used, the retaining wall bends inwards 30 ° below position of fixity.The present invention overcomes high construction cost in the prior art, do not have the defect of the condition for adding shear wall, on the basis of realizing earth-retaining function, both it can guarantee the rigidity of structure of the above main body of position of fixity, while also not need to add shear wall, and save the construction cost of Slope Architectural.

Description

A kind of retaining wall and its construction method with body structure portion disengagement
Technical field
The present invention relates to building engineering fields, in particular to a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion And its construction method.
Background technique
With economic continuous development, urban construction constantly extends, and a large amount of Slope Architecturals come into being.Slope Architectural due to Place height difference is larger, the case where single building side road elevation phase difference rice often occurs, i.e. high building side is embedded in soil, is another Empty (on grade) is faced in side.When structure designs, need to be used for the concrete of earth-retaining in the side that high building has soil setting Retaining wall usually need to add reinforced concrete wall balanced structure rigidity in high building other side to avoid the rigidity of structure from biasing. This way for adding concrete wall rigidity equilibrium will increase construction cost, and faces sky side sometimes as hall's entrance and also do not have The standby condition for adding shear wall.Therefore, it is necessary to design a kind of new retaining wall structure, make it earth-retaining and do not influence position of fixity with The rigidity of structure of upper main body does not increase engineering construction cost.
Summary of the invention
The present invention to solve the above-mentioned problems, proposes a kind of retaining wall and its construction party disengaged with body structure portion Method the present invention overcomes high construction cost in the prior art, does not have the defect of the condition for adding shear wall, is realizing earth-retaining function It on the basis of energy, can both guarantee the rigidity of structure of the above main body of position of fixity, while also not need to add shear wall, save slope The construction cost of ground building.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion, the retaining wall more than position of fixity with the main body knot of building Seam is set between the overhanging bridging piece of structure to disengage, and uses sealing material filleting, and the retaining wall bends inwards below position of fixity 30°。
Preferably, the gap width distance between the upper end of the retaining wall and the overhanging bridging piece of the main structure is 50mm, specific size in combination with the deformation surplus of the deformation values in the position of main structure under geological process and rubber pad and It is fixed.
Preferably, the distance between the main structure and retaining wall are 200mm, to guarantee retaining wall wall and main body knot The rigidity of structure is independent of each other.
Preferably, the sealing material includes resilient rubbber cushion, construction sealing materials and rubber fastening band.
Preferably, a laminin concrete cast-in-situ layer, the plain concrete in-situ layer are also covered on the rubber water-proof band With a thickness of 250mm.
Preferably, the retaining wall bends inwards below the position of fixity of building, and bending angle is 30 °, so as to earth-retaining Wall here can be gentle excessive, edge reinforcement lapping and anchoring.
Preferably, the position of fixity is fixed together with the retaining wall.
Preferably, the retaining wall is made of armored concrete.
A kind of construction method of the retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion, the specific steps are that:
1) according to situation on the spot, the position of fixity of main structure is determined, to carrying out one-piece casting below position of fixity;
2) retaining wall is overlapped below position of fixity, retaining wall is inclined outwardly after 30 ° from position of fixity and is extended straight up, The retaining wall and main structure for making position of fixity or more are detached from;
3) waterproof is done at the node at the top of retaining wall with main structure handover;
4) the outdoor backfill of position of fixity or more is backfilled.
Wherein, in the step 2), retaining wall part can be done after main structure gets rid of muscle, can also be with main structure one With construction.
Waterproof is done in the step 3) method particularly includes: resilient rubbber cushion is installed at the node, and in elastic rubber Construction sealing materials are poured around rubber mat, and after construction sealing materials solidification, rubber fastening band is wound around it.
Because the outdoor backfill of position of fixity or more cannot be backfilled before construction, in case retaining wall, which shifts to an earlier date stress, generates deformation, because This, above-mentioned steps can not overturn.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that
(1) present invention disengages retaining wall more than position of fixity with main structure, while guaranteeing the rigidity of structure, is not required to Shear wall is added, is conducive to save construction cost;
(2) calculation of the retaining wall designed by the present invention is identical with the calculation of common retaining wall, does not need Additional calculating analysis, saves the time.
(3) retaining wall is received in position of fixity, it is not necessary to additionally do basis, and waterproof is easily wrapped, easy for construction, practicability is stronger.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation do not constitute the restriction to the application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is top node schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is overlap joint section schematic diagram of the invention;
Wherein: 1- retaining wall, 2- main structure, the overhanging bridging piece of 3-, 4- rubber pad, 5- construction sealing materials, 6- rubber stop Water band, 7- plain concrete in-situ layer, 8- top node, 9- overlap section, 10- position of fixity, 11- floor, 12- grade.
Specific embodiment:
The invention will be further described with embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing.
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
Following embodiments are a kind of typical embodiment of the application, as shown in Figure 1-3, a kind of and body structure portion The retaining wall of disengagement, retaining wall 1 set seam between overhanging bridging piece 3 of 10 or more the position of fixity with the main structure 2 of building and disengage, and Using sealing material filleting, the retaining wall bends inwards 60 ° below position of fixity.
Gap width distance between the upper end of the retaining wall 1 and the overhanging bridging piece 3 of the main structure 2 is 50mm, Specific size can be adjusted according to project situation.
The distance between the main structure 2 and retaining wall 1 are 200mm.
The sealing material includes resilient rubbber cushion 4, construction sealing materials 5 and rubber fastening band 6.
A laminin concrete cast-in-situ layer 7, the thickness of the plain concrete in-situ layer 7 are also covered on the rubber fastening band 6 Degree is 250mm.
The retaining wall 1 bends inwards in 10 or less the position of fixity of building, and bending angle is 30 °, so that retaining wall exists Excessive, edge reinforcement lapping and anchoring that herein can be gentle.
The position of fixity 10 is fixed together with the retaining wall 1.
The retaining wall 1 is made of armored concrete.
Construction method of the invention are as follows:
Firstly, determine the position of fixity of main structure according to situation on the spot, to carrying out one-piece casting below position of fixity;
Secondly, determining the position of fixity of main structure according to situation on the spot, retaining wall being overlapped below position of fixity, by earth-retaining Wall extends straight up after being inclined outwardly 30 ° from position of fixity, is detached from the retaining wall of position of fixity or more and main structure;
Again, waterproof is done at the node at the top of retaining wall with main structure handover;
Finally, outdoor backfill more than backfill position of fixity.
Wherein, in the step 2), retaining wall part can be done after main structure gets rid of muscle, can also be with main structure one With construction.
Waterproof is done in the step 3) method particularly includes: resilient rubbber cushion is installed at the node, and in elastic rubber Construction sealing materials are poured around rubber mat, and after construction sealing materials solidification, rubber fastening band is wound around it.
Because the outdoor backfill of position of fixity or more cannot be backfilled before construction, in case retaining wall, which shifts to an earlier date stress, generates deformation, because This, above-mentioned steps can not overturn.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.
Above-mentioned, although the foregoing specific embodiments of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings, not protects model to the present invention The limitation enclosed, those skilled in the art should understand that, based on the technical solutions of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not Need to make the creative labor the various modifications or changes that can be made still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion, it is characterised in that: retaining wall more than position of fixity with the master of building Set between the overhanging bridging piece of body structure seam disengage, and use sealing material filleting, the sealing material include resilient rubbber cushion, Construction sealing materials and rubber fastening band;A laminin concrete cast-in-situ layer is covered on the rubber water-proof band;The retaining wall It bends inwards below position of fixity 30 °.
2. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the retaining wall Upper end and the main structure overhanging bridging piece between gap width distance be 50mm.
3. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the main body knot The distance between structure and retaining wall are 200mm.
4. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the element coagulation Native in-situ layer with a thickness of 250mm.
5. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the retaining wall It bends inwards below the position of fixity of building, bending angle is 30 °.
6. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the position of fixity It is fixed together with the retaining wall.
7. a kind of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the retaining wall It is made of armored concrete.
8. a kind of construction method of the retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion, it is characterised in that:
The following steps are included:
1) according to situation on the spot, the position of fixity of main structure is determined, to carrying out one-piece casting below position of fixity;
2) retaining wall is overlapped below position of fixity, retaining wall is inclined outwardly after 30 ° from position of fixity and is extended straight up, made embedding More than fixed end retaining wall and main structure are detached from;
3) waterproof is done at the node at the top of retaining wall with main structure handover;
4) the outdoor backfill of position of fixity or more is backfilled;
Wherein, in the step 2), retaining wall part can be done after main structure gets rid of muscle, can also be applied together with main structure Work.
9. a kind of construction method of retaining wall disengaged with body structure portion according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: Waterproof is done in the step 3) method particularly includes: resilient rubbber cushion is installed at the node, and around resilient rubbber cushion Construction sealing materials are poured, after construction sealing materials solidification, rubber fastening band is wound around it.
CN201710329741.8A 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of retaining wall and its construction method with body structure portion disengagement Active CN107059916B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111254972A (en) * 2018-11-30 2020-06-09 中衡卓创国际工程设计有限公司 Retaining wall applied to unilateral soil retaining of sloping field building and construction method thereof
CN111411644A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-07-14 陕西省建筑科学研究院有限公司 Flexible connection method between slope building outer wall and retaining wall
CN113863485B (en) * 2021-10-26 2022-11-22 广州市天作建筑规划设计有限公司 Connecting plate structure between building and soil retaining structure and construction method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1046508A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-02-17 Hoei:Kk Construction method of overhung footpath
CN205387668U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-20 北京华创竣杰工程技术有限公司 Waterproof type expansion joint device of bridge elasticity
CN106436730A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-02-22 贵州开磷建设集团有限公司 Masonry building concrete filled steel tubular column pedestal shock isolation foundation structure and construction method thereof
CN106638674A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 中信建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Anchor rod retaining wall combined with main structure and design method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1046508A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-02-17 Hoei:Kk Construction method of overhung footpath
CN205387668U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-20 北京华创竣杰工程技术有限公司 Waterproof type expansion joint device of bridge elasticity
CN106436730A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-02-22 贵州开磷建设集团有限公司 Masonry building concrete filled steel tubular column pedestal shock isolation foundation structure and construction method thereof
CN106638674A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-10 中信建筑设计研究总院有限公司 Anchor rod retaining wall combined with main structure and design method

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