CN107053923A - A kind of three-dimensional carving machine - Google Patents

A kind of three-dimensional carving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107053923A
CN107053923A CN201710407075.5A CN201710407075A CN107053923A CN 107053923 A CN107053923 A CN 107053923A CN 201710407075 A CN201710407075 A CN 201710407075A CN 107053923 A CN107053923 A CN 107053923A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
carving
crossbeam
cooling
carving machine
guide rail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710407075.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵晓运
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taizhou University
Original Assignee
Taizhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Taizhou University filed Critical Taizhou University
Priority to CN201710407075.5A priority Critical patent/CN107053923A/en
Publication of CN107053923A publication Critical patent/CN107053923A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • B44B1/06Accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of three-dimensional carving machine, including fixed support, portal frame, linear electric motors, crossbeam, X directional guiding structures, Z-direction guide frame, carving device, cooling system, positioner and automatic tool changer, the linear electric motors are arranged on the support bracket fastened both sides, the portal frame is arranged on the linear electric motors, the crossbeam is arranged on the upper end of the portal frame, the X directional guiding structures are arranged on the crossbeam, the Z-direction guide frame is arranged on the X directional guiding structures, the carving device is arranged on the Z-direction guide frame, the outlet of the cooling system is corresponding with the carving device, the automatic tool changer is arranged on carving device side, the positioner is arranged on the support bracket fastened platform.The engraving machine scope of application of the present invention is compared with wide, machining accuracy is high, environmental pollution is small and mechanization degree is higher.

Description

A kind of three-dimensional carving machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to engraving equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of three-dimensional carving machine.
Background technology
Engraving machine is used for cutting the rapidoprint being fixed on workbench.With the improvement of living standards, people Interest to the art work is more and more denseer, and the material of the art work is more and more diversified, and this is just proposed to the processing characteristics of engraving machine Higher requirement.At present, the engraving machine scope of application of in the market is narrower, and different raw material use different engraving machines, processing Precision also needs to be accomplished manually with the rise step-down of tool temperature, some fine engravings, and machining chips pollution environment, sometimes Tool changing is needed in process, and relies primarily on manpower tool changing at present, is so not only lost time, and the essence of influence engraving Degree.
In summary, how to manufacture that a kind of scope of application is wider, machining accuracy is higher, environmental pollution is small and mechanization degree Higher three-dimensional carving machine turns into those skilled in the art's technical issues that need to address.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of three-dimensional carving machine, to solve the problem of above-mentioned prior art is present, make engraving The scope of application of machine is wider, and machining accuracy is higher, and environmental pollution is smaller.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides following scheme:The invention provides a kind of three-dimensional carving machine, including it is solid Fixed rack, portal frame, linear electric motors, crossbeam, X directional guiding structures, Z-direction guide frame, carving device, cooling system, positioning dress Put and automatic tool changer, the linear electric motors include two, and two sub-linear motors are located at described support bracket fastened Both sides, the portal frame is arranged on the linear electric motors, and the crossbeam is arranged on the upper end of the portal frame, guide X To structure setting on the crossbeam, the Z-direction guide frame is arranged on the X directional guiding structures, and the carving device is set Put on the Z-direction guide frame, the outlet of the cooling system is corresponding with the carving device, the automatic tool changer is set Put in carving device side, the positioner is arranged on the support bracket fastened platform.
Preferably, the positioner includes positioning seat, top, sliding seat, positioning guide rail, fixed support and servo electricity Machine, the positioning guide rail is arranged on the fixed support, and the sliding seat is arranged on the positioning guide rail, described top to set Put on the sliding seat, the positioning seat with it is described it is top use cooperatively, pass through the Serve Motor Control being connected with positioning seat Workpiece is accurately turned round.
Preferably, the oild chuck for positioning workpiece is provided with the fixed seat, is positioned by the oild chuck Workpiece.
Preferably, the cooling system includes shower nozzle, pipeline and the flow valve being arranged on pipeline, the afterbody of the shower nozzle With the pipeline connection, the pipeline is connected with power set, and the power set are connected with cooling source, the head of the shower nozzle It is arranged on the graver side of the carving device.
Preferably, the cooling source of the cooling system is liquid, and the corresponding position of the shower nozzle is provided with coolant recovery Device, the coolant retracting device is connected by pipeline with the cooling source.
Preferably, the coolant retracting device includes reclaiming bucket and screen, and the screen is placed on described reclaim in bucket Portion, the recovery bucket bottom is provided with a through hole, and the through hole is connected by pipeline with the cooling source.
Preferably, the X directional guiding structures include X direction guiding rails, X to slide plate and X to ball guide screw nat, the X to Guide rail and the X are arranged on the crossbeam to ball guide screw nat, and the X is arranged on the cunning of the X direction guiding rails to slide plate On block.
Preferably, the Z-direction guide frame is arranged on the X on slide plate, the Z-direction guide frame include Z-direction guide rail, Z-direction slide plate and Z-direction ball guide screw nat, the Z-direction guide rail and the Z-direction ball guide screw nat are arranged on the crossbeam On, the Z-direction slide plate is arranged on the sliding block of the Z-direction guide rail.
Preferably, the automatic tool changer includes the framework for being arranged on carving device side, is arranged in the framework Tool magazine and manipulator, motor and the gas of the driving robot movement that the driving tool magazine being arranged on framework is rotated Cylinder.
The present invention achieves following technique effect relative to prior art:
The engraving machine scope of application of the present invention is wider, is applicable not only to the processing of wooden raw material, is also applied for building stones etc. The processing of material.Cooling system is added in the present invention, can be processed raw material from suitable cooling source, expanded according to specific The scope of application of engraving machine, and can prevent the chip and dust pollution environment in process.The engraving machine of the present invention is adopted Replace traditional artificial tool changing with automatic tool changer, improve the mechanization degree and machining accuracy of engraving machine.The present invention's The positioning seat of fixed processing object uses the rotation of Serve Motor Control workpiece, is positioned using oild chuck, realizes and adds The stable position of work object and the accurate rotation of position, combine with other structures and further increase machining accuracy.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to institute in embodiment The accompanying drawing needed to use is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some implementations of the present invention Example, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, can also be according to these accompanying drawings Obtain other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of angle of the three-dimensional carving machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another angle of the three-dimensional carving machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the cross section structure diagram of the coolant retracting device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is filter structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Wherein, 1 is fixed support, and 2 be automatic tool changer, and 3 be portal frame, and 4 be crossbeam, and 5 be carving device, and 6 be cold But system, 7 be X direction guiding rails, and 8 be positioning guide rail, and 9 be fixed support, and 10 be linear electric motors, and 11 be servomotor, and 12 be positioning Seat, 13 be oild chuck, and 14 be workpiece, and 15 be Z-direction guide rail, and 16 be top, and 17 be sliding seat, and 18 be coolant retracting device, 19 is reclaim bucket, and 20 be screen, and 21 be through hole, and 22 be filter screen.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In order to facilitate the understanding of the purposes, features and advantages of the present invention, it is below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific real Applying mode, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
As Figure 1-4, the invention provides a kind of three-dimensional carving machine, including fixed support 1, portal frame 3, linear electric motors 10th, crossbeam 4, X directional guiding structures, Z-direction guide frame, carving device 5, cooling system 6, positioner and automatic tool changer 2. Linear electric motors 10 include two, and two linear electric motors 10 set up separately in the both sides of fixed support 1, and portal frame 3 is arranged on straight-line electric On machine 10, linear electric motors 10 are as the guider of the Y-direction of portal frame 3, and linear electric motors 10 can accurately control portal frame 3 along Y To motion, improve portal frame movement accuracy, further improve engraving machine machining accuracy.Portal frame 3 and crossbeam 4 are constituted The structure of closing, prevents that the displacement of the both sides of portal frame 3 is inconsistent.
Crossbeam 4 is arranged on the upper end of portal frame 3, and the X directional guiding structures are arranged on crossbeam 4, the X directional guiding structures Control engraving machine X to displacement, the Z-direction guide frame is arranged on the X directional guiding structures, the Z-direction guide frame control The displacement of engraving machine Z-direction processed.The X directional guiding structures include X direction guiding rails 7, X to slide plate and X to ball guide screw nat, described X direction guiding rails and the X are arranged on the crossbeam to ball guide screw nat, and the X is arranged on the X direction guiding rails to slide plate On sliding block, the sliding block of the X direction guiding rails is connected with X to ball guide screw nat.X is driven to ball guide screw nat by motor Motion, X drives the sliding block of X direction guiding rails to be moved on X direction guiding rails 7 to ball guide screw nat, so as to realize the X to slide plate X is to motion.The Z-direction guide frame is arranged on the X on slide plate, and X drives the Z-direction being disposed thereon to be oriented to skateboarding Structure and with the engraving machine that Z-direction guide frame is connected realize X to position adjustment.
The Z-direction guide frame includes Z-direction guide rail, Z-direction slide plate and Z-direction ball guide screw nat, the Z-direction guide rail and institute State Z-direction ball guide screw nat to be arranged on the crossbeam, the Z-direction slide plate is arranged on the sliding block of the Z-direction guide rail.It is described The sliding block of Z-direction guide rail is connected with the Z-direction ball guide screw nat.The Z-direction ball guide screw nat is driven to transport by motor Dynamic, the Z-direction ball guide screw nat drives the sliding block of the Z-direction guide rail to be moved on Z-direction guide rail 15, so as to realize the Z Moved to the Z-direction of slide plate.The engraving machine is arranged on the Z-direction slide plate, and the Z-direction skateboarding drives what is be disposed thereon Engraving machine realizes the position adjustment of Z-direction.
The outlet of cooling system 6 is corresponding with the position of the graver of the carving device 5, and cooling system 6 is used to clear up and added Work chip, can reduce the temperature of cutter, reduce the abrasion of cutter, improve the precision of processing.The cooling system include shower nozzle, Pipeline and the flow valve being arranged on pipeline, the afterbody of the shower nozzle and the pipeline connection, the pipeline connect with power set Connect, the power set are connected with cooling source, the head of the shower nozzle is arranged on the graver side of the carving device.This hair The cooling source of bright engraving machine is liquid, and the corresponding position of the shower nozzle is provided with coolant retracting device 18.Coolant is reclaimed Device 18 includes reclaiming bucket 19 and screen 20, and screen 20 is placed on inside recovery bucket 19, reclaims 19 bottoms of bucket and is provided with through hole 21, Through hole 21 is connected by pipeline with the cooling source, realizes the recycling to coolant.The position of through hole 21 is provided with filter screen 22, The coolant of 22 pairs of recovery of filter screen is further filtered.
The positioner is arranged on the platform of the fixed support 1.The positioner includes positioning seat 12, top 16th, sliding seat 17, positioning guide rail 8, fixed support 9 and servomotor 11, the positioning guide rail 8 are arranged on the fixed support 9 On, the sliding seat 17 is arranged on the positioning guide rail 8, and described top 16 are arranged on the sliding seat 17, the positioning Seat 12 is used cooperatively with described top 16, controls workpiece 14 accurately to turn round by the servomotor 11 being connected with positioning seat 12.
The oild chuck 13 for positioning workpiece is provided with the fixed seat, workpiece, energy are positioned using oild chuck 13 Enough make the clamping force acted on workpiece evenly.
Automatic tool changer 2 is arranged on the side of carving device 5, realizes the automatic tool changer of carving device 5, can effectively reduce work The labor intensity of people, and operating efficiency and the accuracy of tool changing can be improved.The automatic tool changer includes being arranged on engraving dress The framework of side is put, tool magazine and manipulator in the framework is arranged on, what the driving tool magazine being arranged on framework was rotated The cylinder of motor and the driving robot movement.Motor driving tool magazine, which turns to carving device 5, needs the position of tool changing, described Cylinder driving machinery is made to complete the work of the tool changing of carving device 5 by hand.
Specific case is applied in the present invention to be set forth the principle and embodiment of the present invention, above example Illustrate the method and its core concept for being only intended to help to understand the present invention;Simultaneously for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to According to the thought of the present invention, it will change in specific embodiments and applications.In summary, this specification content It should not be construed as limiting the invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of three-dimensional carving machine, it is characterised in that:Tied including fixed support, portal frame, linear electric motors, crossbeam, X to guiding Structure, Z-direction guide frame, carving device, cooling system, positioner and automatic tool changer, the linear electric motors include two Individual, two sub-linear motors are located at the support bracket fastened both sides, and the portal frame is arranged on the linear electric motors, institute The upper end that crossbeam is arranged on the portal frame is stated, the X directional guiding structures are arranged on the crossbeam, the Z-direction guide frame It is arranged on the X directional guiding structures, the carving device is arranged on the Z-direction guide frame, the cooling system goes out Mouth is corresponding with the carving device, and the automatic tool changer is arranged on carving device side, and the positioner is arranged on institute State on support bracket fastened platform.
2. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The positioner includes positioning seat, top, sliding Dynamic seat, positioning guide rail, fixed support and servomotor, the positioning guide rail are arranged on the fixed support, the sliding seat Be arranged on the positioning guide rail, it is described it is top be arranged on the sliding seat, the positioning seat with it is described it is top use cooperatively, Accurately turned round by the Serve Motor Control workpiece being connected with positioning seat.
3. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is provided with the fixed seat for positioning workpiece Oild chuck, pass through the oild chuck position workpiece.
4. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cooling system includes shower nozzle, pipeline and set The flow valve on pipeline, the afterbody of the shower nozzle and the pipeline connection are put, the pipeline is connected with power set, it is described dynamic Power apparatus is connected with cooling source, and the head of the shower nozzle is arranged on the graver side of the carving device.
5. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The cooling source of the cooling system is liquid, institute State the corresponding position of shower nozzle and be provided with coolant retracting device, the coolant retracting device is connected by pipeline and the cooling source It is logical.
6. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The coolant retracting device include reclaim bucket and Screen, the screen is placed on described reclaim and struggles against internal, and the bucket bottom of reclaiming is provided with a through hole, and the through hole passes through pipeline Connected with the cooling source.
7. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The X directional guiding structures include X direction guiding rails, X to Slide plate and X are to ball guide screw nat, and the X direction guiding rails and the X are arranged on the crossbeam to ball guide screw nat, institute X is stated to be arranged on to slide plate on the sliding block of the X direction guiding rails.
8. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The Z-direction guide frame is arranged on the X to cunning On plate, the Z-direction guide frame includes Z-direction guide rail, Z-direction slide plate and Z-direction ball guide screw nat, the Z-direction guide rail and the Z It is arranged on to ball guide screw nat on the crossbeam, the Z-direction slide plate is arranged on the sliding block of the Z-direction guide rail.
9. three-dimensional carving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The automatic tool changer includes being arranged on engraving The framework of device side, is arranged on tool magazine and manipulator in the framework, and the driving being arranged on the framework tool magazine is rotated Motor and the driving robot movement cylinder.
CN201710407075.5A 2017-06-02 2017-06-02 A kind of three-dimensional carving machine Pending CN107053923A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710407075.5A CN107053923A (en) 2017-06-02 2017-06-02 A kind of three-dimensional carving machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710407075.5A CN107053923A (en) 2017-06-02 2017-06-02 A kind of three-dimensional carving machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107053923A true CN107053923A (en) 2017-08-18

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710407075.5A Pending CN107053923A (en) 2017-06-02 2017-06-02 A kind of three-dimensional carving machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106379096A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-08 河南龙璟科技有限公司 Automatic-control multi-functional carving machine
CN108490882A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-04 广东水利电力职业技术学院(广东省水利电力技工学校) A kind of laser engraving machine, control system and control method

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2239358Y (en) * 1995-11-23 1996-11-06 邓中亮 3-D free trace intelligent digital controlled carving machine
CN201761261U (en) * 2010-07-10 2011-03-16 吴善旺 Workpiece holding device for engraving machine
CN201951138U (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-08-31 南京威克曼科技实业有限公司 Four-axis three-dimensional engraving machine
CN202186220U (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-04-11 钟潘霄 Carving machine with positioning plate
CN202541161U (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-11-21 江苏文光车辆附件有限公司 CNC engraving and milling machine tool cooling device
CN203093578U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-07-31 江阴威尔激光设备有限公司 High-precision carving grinding machine
CN203210973U (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-09-25 常州金奇雕数控机床有限公司 High-precision engraving machine
CN103373158A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-10-30 邵文远 Fixed-beam multi-spindle carving machine beam mechanism
CN105150002A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 赵晓运 Automatic tool changing device of simple computer numerical control machining center
CN106394094A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-15 百能数控设备(福建)有限公司 Large glass engraving machine

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2239358Y (en) * 1995-11-23 1996-11-06 邓中亮 3-D free trace intelligent digital controlled carving machine
CN201761261U (en) * 2010-07-10 2011-03-16 吴善旺 Workpiece holding device for engraving machine
CN201951138U (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-08-31 南京威克曼科技实业有限公司 Four-axis three-dimensional engraving machine
CN202186220U (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-04-11 钟潘霄 Carving machine with positioning plate
CN202541161U (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-11-21 江苏文光车辆附件有限公司 CNC engraving and milling machine tool cooling device
CN103373158A (en) * 2012-04-24 2013-10-30 邵文远 Fixed-beam multi-spindle carving machine beam mechanism
CN203093578U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-07-31 江阴威尔激光设备有限公司 High-precision carving grinding machine
CN203210973U (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-09-25 常州金奇雕数控机床有限公司 High-precision engraving machine
CN105150002A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-16 赵晓运 Automatic tool changing device of simple computer numerical control machining center
CN106394094A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-15 百能数控设备(福建)有限公司 Large glass engraving machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106379096A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-08 河南龙璟科技有限公司 Automatic-control multi-functional carving machine
CN106379096B (en) * 2016-10-13 2020-01-07 扬州市生态科技新城润业中小企业服务中心有限公司 Automatic change multi-functional engraver of control
CN108490882A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-04 广东水利电力职业技术学院(广东省水利电力技工学校) A kind of laser engraving machine, control system and control method

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Application publication date: 20170818