CN107052939A - A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational - Google Patents

A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107052939A
CN107052939A CN201710423156.4A CN201710423156A CN107052939A CN 107052939 A CN107052939 A CN 107052939A CN 201710423156 A CN201710423156 A CN 201710423156A CN 107052939 A CN107052939 A CN 107052939A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
universal
arm
workpiece
processed
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710423156.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈锡奎
陈慧聪
陈晓聪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Original Assignee
QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
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Publication date
Application filed by QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD filed Critical QUANZHOU JIANENG MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO LTD
Priority to CN201710423156.4A priority Critical patent/CN107052939A/en
Publication of CN107052939A publication Critical patent/CN107052939A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • B24B47/08Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables by mechanical gearing combined with fluid systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/06Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of non-metallic inorganic material, e.g. stone, ceramics, porcelain

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational, including pedestal, workbench, and realize the frame being processed to workpiece, frame includes crossbeam arm and thimble structure, and it is erected on the support arm on pedestal, crossbeam arm is slidably connected on support arm by the first sliding sleeve, support arm is provided with first longitudinal direction power set, first sliding sleeve is provided with lateral dynamics device, and universal rotary table and universal rotational drive device, the universal rotary table is provided with workpiece body and work pieces process drive device.The present invention by first longitudinal direction power set and lateral dynamics device can upper and lower lifting and left and right translation and realize to knife, workpiece body is corresponded into position to be processed, provided with universal rotary table and universal rotational drive device, workpiece body can realize universal rotational, and then can adjust angle of its processing and corresponding stone material is polished or cut etc. and operate.

Description

A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stone machining equipment, more particularly to a kind of arc stone grinding machine.
Background technology
In field of stone processing, common stone machining equipment has:Process equipment and the revolving body processing one of flat sheet Body machine, revolving body processing integrated machine is generally used for the processing of stone of the column shape such as railing.And for the process equipment of arc stone material It is then more rare.At present, many arc stone materials are completed by manual polishing.So, the processing efficiency of arc stone material is low.
Patent No. " CN201620083868.7 ", patent name discloses one kind for the patent of " Novel stone mo(u)lding machine " Can Machining Arc stone material Novel stone mo(u)lding machine, the mo(u)lding machine uses circular arc by workbench so that this mo(u)lding machine can be with Lines processing is carried out to arc stone, but the mo(u)lding machine is only capable of processing the arc stone of linear, it is impossible to detachable round tabletop or The stone materials such as bowl-shape stone material are polished.
In view of this, inventor furthers investigate to above mentioned problem, the generation for having this case then.
The content of the invention
The stone materials such as arcuate line, or discoid, bowl-shape or column can be processed it is an object of the invention to provide one kind The arc stone machining equipment of the universal rotational of curved edge, is carried out with the angle for adjusting its workpiece body to corresponding stone material The operation such as polishing or cutting.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational, including pedestal, the workbench for placing workpiece to be processed, and The frame being processed to workpiece is realized, the frame includes crossbeam arm and is connected with the thimble structure of thimble, and is erected on Support arm on the pedestal, the crossbeam arm is slidably connected on the support arm by the first sliding sleeve, the thimble structure It is fixedly connected on the support arm, the support arm first provided with the driving upper and lower lifting carriage of the first sliding sleeve is vertical To power set,
First sliding sleeve is provided with the lateral dynamics device for driving the crossbeam arm left and right translation to slide, the crossbeam Arm is provided with universal rotary table and universal rotational drive device, and the universal rotary table drives provided with workpiece body and work pieces process Device.
The universal rotary table is rotatably fixed on crossbeam arm by rotating shaft, and the universal rotational drive device uses motor Drive device, includes the steering motor and transmission mechanism of drive connection.
The universal rotary table is rotatably fixed on crossbeam arm by rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft is fixed in the universal rotary table Between position, the transmission mechanism of the universal rotary table is bevel gear transmission mechanism, and the bevel gear transmission mechanism includes what is be meshed Driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion, the driving bevel gear are fixed on the output shaft of the steering motor, the driven umbrella tooth Wheel is fixed in the end of the rotating shaft, and transmission is engaged between the driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion.
Also include controller, the first longitudinal direction power set, the lateral dynamics device, universal rotational driving dress Put the corresponding output end that the controller is connected to the corresponding control end of work pieces process drive device.
The workbench is provided with a plurality of contract blocks for being used for fixing workpiece to be processed.
The workbench includes workbench main body and the support plate for placing workpiece to be processed, and the support plate is located at institute The top of workbench main body is stated, the support plate is rotationally connected with the workbench main body, the workbench master by rotating shaft The support plate device of rotation driving for controlling the support plate to rotate is installed on body.
After adopting the above technical scheme, the arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational of the present invention, has the advantages that:
First, provided with universal rotary table and universal rotational drive device so that the workpiece body being fixed thereon can be realized Universal rotational, and then the angle of its processing is can adjust, not only can be to arcuate line stone material, detachable round tabletop, bowl-shape stone material, stone mill etc. Different stone materials such as are polished or cut at the operation, can also a tractor serves several purposes, such as can be appropriate after the completion of the cutting of same part stone material Adjustment angle etc. carries out follow-up polishing etc. so that the continuity of processing is more preferably, very convenient and practical.
2nd, provided with thimble or contract block, it is easy to that workpiece to be processed is fixed, while setting first longitudinal direction power set With lateral dynamics device can it is upper and lower lifting and left and right translation and realize to knife, by workpiece body correspond to the Ministry of worker to be added Position, in the presence of drive device, can carry out the operation such as polish, compared to the side such as Traditional Man polishing or lines machining Automation polishing can be achieved in formula, the present invention, and its is applied widely, available for processing arcuate line stone material, detachable round tabletop, bowl-shape stone Material, the stone material such as stone mill.
3rd, thimble can realize upper and lower lifting carriage by the second sliding sleeve, and thimble can be real by the rolling bearing of the second sliding sleeve Now rotate, and then adjust the fixed position of thimble and workpiece to be processed.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of present invention polishing circular arc ring body;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of present invention polishing detachable round tabletop;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation at the edge of the bowl-shape stone material of present invention polishing;
Fig. 4 cuts the structural representation of column water mill for the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of bevel gear transmission mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of Worm and worm-wheel gearing in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is process arm in the present invention and the attachment structure schematic diagram of work head.
In figure:Circular arc ring body-a;Bowl body-b;
Detachable round tabletop-c;Stone mill-d;
Workbench -1;Workbench main body -11;
Support plate -12;First contract block -121;
Second contract block -122;Motor -131;
Gear drive -132;Rotating shaft -133;
Frame -2;Support arm -21;
First longitudinal direction guide rail -211;Crossbeam arm -22;
Thimble structure -23;Second sliding sleeve -231;
Connecting rod -232;Thimble support bar -233;
Cursor -234;First sliding sleeve -24;
First longitudinal direction power set -25;Pedestal -3;
Thimble -4;Thimble main body -41;
Top touching portion -42;Workpiece body -5;
Main spindle box -51;Process arm -52;
Work head -53;Mounting hole -531;
Installation portion -54;Motor driver -55;
Work drive motor -551;Synchronous wheel drive mechanism -552;
Universal rotary table -61;Universal rotational drive device -62;
Steering motor -621;Bevel gear transmission mechanism -622;
Driving bevel gear -6221;Driven bevel pinion -6222;
Worm and worm-wheel gearing -623;Worm gear -6231;
Worm screw -6232;Rotating shaft -63;
Copying control part -71;Stencil master 72.
Embodiment
In order to which technical scheme is explained further, the present invention is explained in detail below by specific embodiment State.
Embodiment one
A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational, as shown in figs 1 to 6, including pedestal 3, for placing work to be processed The workbench 1 of part, and realize the frame 2 for the process operation such as being polished workpiece or being cut.Workbench 1 and frame 2 are relative The position at the both ends of pedestal 3 is erected on, and is individually fixed on pedestal 3.
Workbench 1 includes workbench main body 11 and support plate 12, and support plate 12 is located at the top of workbench main body 11, is used for Place workpiece to be processed.Support plate 12 is rotationally connected with workbench main body 11 by rotating shaft 133.The upper end of rotating shaft 133 is consolidated Due on support plate 12, the bottom of rotating shaft 133 is arranged in workbench main body 11 by bearing, and the bottom of rotating shaft 133 In workbench main body 11.
The support plate device of rotation driving that control support plate 12 is rotated is installed, this support plate is rotated in workbench main body 11 Drive device is motor driver, and the motor driver includes motor 131 and gear drive 132.Motor 131 is fixed In workbench main body 11, and motor 131 is vertically arranged so that output shaft is set upward, meanwhile, motor 131 is in rotating shaft 133 Bottom side, the output shaft of motor 131 is connected with the bottom of rotating shaft 133 by gear drive 131.Tooth Wheel drive mechanism 131 includes driving gear, driven gear and driving chain, and the driving gear is fixed in the output shaft of motor 131 On, driven gear is fixed in outside the bottom of rotating shaft 133, and driving chain is around being located on driving gear and driven gear.Motor 131 During work, motor 131 drives driving gear to rotate, and the rotation of driving gear drives driven gear to rotate through driving chain, driven The rotation of gear drives rotating shaft 133 to rotate, and rotating shaft 133, which is rotated, causes support plate 12 to rotate, and then support plate 12 is fixed in drive On workpiece to be processed rotation.In the present invention, the mode that driving support plate 12 is rotated is not with regard to above-mentioned motor 131 and gear The fit system of transmission mechanism 132, its rotating driving device that can be rotated by any driving part is substituted.Motor driving dress The relatively conventional technology of mechanical transmission fields is set to, be will not be described in detail herein, the motor drivers of other modes also replaceable tooth Take turns the motor driver of transmission.
Using the orientation shown in Fig. 1 as reference azimuth, frame 2 includes being erected on the upper support arm 21 of pedestal 3, vertical sliding motion connection In the crossbeam arm 22 on support arm 21, and it is fixedly connected on the thimble structure 23 at the top of support arm 21.Crossbeam arm 22 passes through First sliding sleeve 24 is slidably connected on support arm 21.Support arm 21 is axially arranged with first longitudinal direction guide rail 211, the edge of crossbeam arm 22 along it It is axially arranged with cross slide way, using the first sliding sleeve 24 close to the side of support arm 21 as inner side, away from inner side side be outside, The madial wall of first sliding sleeve 24 is led provided with being engaged the first longitudinal direction being slidably connected with the first longitudinal direction guide rail 211 of support arm 21 Groove, the lateral wall of the first sliding sleeve 24 is provided with is engaged the lateral guide groove being slidably connected with the cross slide way of crossbeam arm 22.So, One sliding sleeve 24 is slidably sheathed on support arm 21 by the cooperation of first longitudinal direction guide rail 211 and first longitudinal direction guide groove, and first The opposed support structure 21 of sliding sleeve 24 carries out upper and lower lifting carriage, and the first sliding sleeve 24 and crossbeam arm 22 pass through the cross slide way that is adapted It is slidably connected with lateral guide groove formation, and crossbeam arm 22 can carry out left and right translation slip with respect to the first sliding sleeve 24.
The first longitudinal direction power set 25 for driving the upper and lower lifting carriage of the first sliding sleeve 24 are additionally provided with support arm 21. First longitudinal direction power set are driven and spindle gear using motor, including lifting motor, elevating screw and lifting nut, are risen The top that motor is located at support arm 21 drops, and the output shaft of lifting motor is connected with the company of transmission after reduction gearing, reduction gearing The elevating screw is connected to, and then drives drive connection therewith to do this lifting nut axially run, this lifting nut and first are slided Set 24 is fixed together, and then drives the opposed support structure 21 of the first sliding sleeve 24 to carry out upper and lower lifting carriage.
Crossbeam arm 22 can be that the left side or right side of support arm 21 carry out left and right translation slip relative to the first sliding sleeve 24. First sliding sleeve 24 is provided with the lateral dynamics device (not shown) for being used for driving the left and right translation of crossbeam arm 22 to slide.Laterally Power set include translation motor, translation screw mandrel and translational nut, and translation motor is on the first sliding sleeve 24, translation screw mandrel connection In the output shaft of translation motor, translation leading screw is adapted with translational nut, and then drives the translational nut being connected therewith, is put down Move nut to be fixed together with crossbeam arm 22, and then drive relative first sliding sleeve 24 of crossbeam arm 22 to carry out left and right translation slip.
Thimble structure 23 includes connecting rod 232, thimble support bar 233 and the second sliding sleeve 231 with cursor 234, should Thimble support bar 233 and the one end fixed vertical of the connecting rod 232 link together, the other end of the connecting rod 232 with The fixed vertical of support arm 21 links together, and then the thimble support bar 233 setting parallel with support arm 21.Meanwhile, second Sliding sleeve 231 is provided with thimble 4 by being fastened transversely to the cursor 234 of the second sliding sleeve 231.
Thimble 4 includes thimble main body 41 and top touching portion 42, and thimble main body 41 and top touching portion 42 pass through the structures such as bolt and nut Releasable connection is together.Or the two is integral type molding structure.Top touching portion 42 is used to mutually contact with workpiece to be processed, and will treat Processing workpiece is fixed on support plate 12, prevents workpiece to be processed from play etc. occurring when processing, enhancing process operation Security.Shape in order to adapt to different workpieces to be processed etc., top touching portion 42 may be configured as cone tip shape or pressing plate shape, cone tip shape Top touching portion 42 can be by the top pressure of the stone materials such as discoid, bowl-shape or column in support plate 12, top touching portion 42 is acted in stone material Between position.The top touching portion 42 of cone tip shape does not influence the rotation of workpiece to be processed, is particularly suitable for use in the stones such as discoid, bowl-shape or column Material carries out high speed rotary-grinding processing etc..The top touching portion 42 of pressing plate shape can push up the fixed of the stone materials such as discoid, bowl-shape or column It is pressed on support plate 12, it is adaptable to machining of stone material such as circular arc lines, discoid, bowl-shape or column etc., meanwhile, pressing plate shape The shape of top touching portion 42 and the contact surface and workpiece to be processed and the top touching portion 42 of pressing plate shape of workpiece to be processed match, can be with For curved surface or plane etc..In the present invention, discoid stone material can be detachable round tabletop etc., and the stone material of column can be stone mill etc..
Support plate 12 is in the form of annular discs, and radially direction offers the chutes of eight equiangularly spaced settings to support plate 12 (not shown), is divided into four chutes of structure identical first and four chutes of structure identical second, and each first chute It is alternate with each second chute to set.Chute is equipped with contract block, and contract block includes the first contract block 121 and the second contract block 122.First chute The first contract block 121 is equipped with, the second chute is equipped with the second contract block 122, and each first contract block 121 is in its corresponding first chute Slide, each second contract block 122 is in slip in its corresponding second chute.I.e. each contract block and the movable assembling of its each corresponding chute Together.The thickness along the longitudinal direction of first contract block 121 is less than the second contract block 122, to adapt to different stone materials to be processed, and Ensure the support pressure on top surface of contract block.Contract block is mutually contacted with workpiece to be processed, and workpiece to be processed is fixed on support plate 12, is prevented Only when processing play etc. occurs for workpiece to be processed, strengthens the security of process operation.The mode that contract block is contacted is applied to The curved surface polishing processing of arcuate line or the curved surface polishing processing of circular arc ring body, contract block contact the lateral wall in workpiece to be processed And/or madial wall.Meanwhile, the mode that contract block is contacted be applied to bowl-shape stone material outer edge polishing process etc., contract block contact in The lateral wall of workpiece to be processed.In the present invention, the position and quantity of contract block and respective slide slots and the shapes and sizes of contract block can Accommodation is carried out the need for foundation reality.In addition, contract block can coat rubber cushion, rubber cushion has certain elasticity, is conveniently adjusted top Adjustment is touched, and increases the compactness that contract block is contacted with workpiece to be processed.
It should be noted that ensure the security that equipment is used to strengthen the stability of top pressure, can be in combination with thimble 4 Workpiece to be processed is fixed simultaneously for cooperation with contract block and chute.
Correspond to each chute on support plate 12 and be respectively equipped with the corresponding contract block of driving in the driving dress slided in its respective slide slots Put, each drive device is connected in corresponding contract block, and this drive device can be driven using common motor, or cylinder driving Device, and screw-and-nut mechanism, Worm and worm-wheel gearing or chain transmission mechanism etc., it is not detailed herein State.It should be noted that except the type of drive of chute of the present invention and contract block is except the driving using above-mentioned motor or cylinder , can also be by the way of manually promoting outside device.
Thimble support bar 233 is provided with second longitudinal direction guide rail, the second sliding sleeve 231 and this second longitudinal direction guide rail along its axial direction Corresponding position offers second longitudinal direction guide groove.Second sliding sleeve 231 is matched somebody with somebody by second longitudinal direction guide rail and second longitudinal direction guide groove Conjunction is slidably sheathed on thimble support bar 233, and the relative thimble support bar 233 of the second sliding sleeve 231 carries out upper and lower lifting and slided It is dynamic.
The second longitudinal direction power dress for driving the upper and lower lifting carriage of the second sliding sleeve 231 is additionally provided with thimble support bar 233 (not shown) is put, the second longitudinal direction power set are driven and spindle gear using aforementioned motor, including lifting motor, Elevating screw and lifting nut, lifting motor are located at the top of thimble support bar 233, and the output shaft of lifting motor is connected with Reduction gearing, reduction gear is connected to the elevating screw, and then drives drive connection therewith to do this lifting axially run Nut, this lifting nut, by being fixed together, and then drives the relative thimble support bar 233 of the second sliding sleeve 24 with the second sliding sleeve 24 Carry out upper and lower lifting carriage.
Further, the second sliding sleeve 24 is fixed on thimble support bar 233 by rolling bearing, so, can be by manual Mode swings cursor 234 and then adjusts the position of thimble 4 so that thimble 4 carries out rotating appropriate relative to the thimble support bar 233 Angle so that thimble 4 work when top touching portion 42 relative to the centre position of support plate 12 or other conveniently contact promptly Position.It should be noted that in the present invention, can also be using normal in addition to being adjusted using above-mentioned manual mode to the rotation of thimble The device of rotation driving seen, can be motor driver etc..In addition, in the present invention, above-mentioned first longitudinal direction power set, second Longitudinal device and lateral dynamics device are conventional drive device, except using the driving of above-mentioned motor and screw rod transmission dress Put outer, also, as long as the second sliding sleeve 231 can be driven to be slid axially, can herein be refused using cylinder driver etc. It is described in detail, while in addition to using the transmission mechanism of screw mandrel and nut, can also be using common transmission mechanisms such as worm and gear etc..
Universal rotary table 61 is had additional on crossbeam arm 22.Workpiece body 5 and drive are installed with universal rotary table 61 The motor driver 55 that dynamic work pieces process 5 works.Motor driver 55 includes work drive motor 551 and synchronous wheel drive mechanism 552.The output end of work drive motor 551 is provided with driving pulley.Universal rotary table 61 is rotatably fixed on crossbeam arm 22 by rotating shaft 63 On.The centre position of universal rotary table 61 is fixed in rotating shaft 63.Meanwhile, crossbeam arm 22 is rotated provided with driving universal rotary table 61 Universal rotational drive device 62.Universal rotational drive device 62 uses motor driver, including steering motor 621 and umbrella tooth Wheel drive mechanism 622, bevel gear transmission transmission mechanism 622 includes the driving bevel gear 6221 and driven bevel pinion being meshed 6222.Driving bevel gear 6221 is fixed on the output shaft of steering motor 621, and driven bevel pinion 6222 is fixed in the end of rotating shaft 63 Portion, is engaged transmission between driving bevel gear 6221 and driven bevel pinion 6222, and then drives rotating shaft 63 to rotate, and makes universal Rotating disk 61 rotates.
Workpiece body 5 includes main spindle box 51 and the process arm 52 for installment work head.Process arm 52 is fixedly mounted In the output end of main spindle box 51, towards workpiece to be processed.And be electrically connected with main spindle box 51.It should be noted that process arm 52 Length can carry out accommodation according to actual needs, and process arm 52 is scalability, or fixed length.Main spindle box 51 Input is provided with driven pulley.Be connected between driving pulley and driven pulley by timing belt, i.e., timing belt around It is located on driving pulley and driven pulley.When work drive motor 551 works, work drive motor 551 drives driving pulley to rotate, main belt The timing belt that rotates through of wheel drives driven pulley to rotate, and the rotation of driven pulley drives process arm 52 to rotate, in process arm 52 Work first 53 is installed, work first 53 can be grinding tool or bite etc., and then the rotational band of process arm 52 starts building to make first 53 Rotate, operated so as to be polished, cut or polish etc..It should be noted that the output end of work drive motor 551 can also be direct It is connected in the input of main spindle box 51.
When steering motor 621 works, steering motor 621 drives driving bevel gear 6221 to rotate, driving bevel gear 6221 Rotation drives driven bevel pinion 6222 to rotate through engaged transmission, and the rotation of driven bevel pinion 6222 drives 6222 turns of driven gear Dynamic, driven gear rotates 6222 and drives rotating shaft 63 to rotate, and rotating shaft 63, which is rotated, causes universal rotary table 61 to rotate, and then drives solid Due to the workpiece body 5 and the unitary rotation of motor driver 55 on universal rotary table 61, the rotational band of universal rotary table 61 Dynamic process arm 52 is rotated, and work first 53 is provided with process arm 52, and work first 53 can be grinding tool or bite etc., Jin Erjia The rotational band of work arm 52 starts building to make first 53 to rotate, and is operated so as to be polished, cut or polish etc..
In the present invention, the transmission of universal rotational drive device 62, in addition to using above-mentioned bevel gear transmission mechanism 622, also Worm and worm-wheel gearing 623 as shown in Figure 6 can be used.Meanwhile, when working first 53 for grinding tool, work first 53 rotation side Polish or polish on the contrary, can so improve processing in the rotation direction of the workpiece to be processed on support plate 12 to fixed placement Processing efficiency.
The present embodiment also includes controller, and controller carries out the processing to the present invention using common PLC digital control systems and set Received shipment row is controlled, first longitudinal direction power set 25, lateral dynamics device, universal rotational drive device 62 and motor driving dress Put the corresponding output end that 55 corresponding control ends are connected to the controller of PLC digital control systems.PLC digital control systems are not detailed herein State.
The embodiment of arcuate line or circular arc ring body is preferably processed as the first, is coordinated shown in Fig. 1, now with processing Exemplified by circular arc ring body a, work first 53 and circular arc ring body a shape to be processed matches.Circular arc ring body a bottom, which is reserved with, supplies The clamp segment of the top pressure of one contract block 121, the clamp segment is located at the end of the upper close support plates 12 of circular arc ring body a along position.The clamp segment Thickness along the longitudinal direction is more than or equal to the thickness of the first contract block 121.
When polishing, circular arc ring body a is positioned on support plate 12, then four the first contract block 121 correspondence top pressures are in circle Arc ring body a four different directions, and contact simultaneously in the lateral wall of the first contract block 121, so, circular arc ring body a is fixed in On support plate 12, in order to strengthen fixed stability, it can also be set and the in increase in corresponding first chute of the first contract block 121 The 3rd contract block that one contract block 121 is dorsad set, so, circular arc ring body a are clamped between the first contract block 121 and the 3rd contract block, i.e., Complete the fixation that workpiece to be processed is circular arc ring body a.
A progress left side for the workpiece body 5 further, being fixed on by the driving of lateral dynamics device on crossbeam arm 22, Right translation so that its work first 53 is located at circular arc ring body a top, and the optional position of the lateral edges corresponding to circular arc ring body a, Then first longitudinal direction power set 25 are recycled, upper and lower lifting occurs for the workpiece body 5 made so that work first 53 and circle Arc ring body a upper outside surface, upper surface and upper inner lateral surface carries out sanding operation.
Then the circular arc ring body a being fixed on support plate 12 that works and drive of motor 131 rotates, and drives simultaneously Work drive motor 551 works and driven the rotation for the first 53 generation other direction that works being fixed in process arm 52.And then realization pair Circular arc ring body a automatically grinding operation.Because work first 53 and circular arc ring body a shape to be processed matches, so can pass through Work of different shapes first 53 is selected, circular arc ring body a is processed into the ideal form of preprocessing.
As the inward flange or outer peripheral embodiment for preferably processing bowl-shape stone material for second, coordinate shown in Fig. 3, Now exemplified by processing bowl body b outward flange, work first 53 and bowl body b shape to be processed matches.Bowl body b lateral surface is in song Face, i.e., it is non-planar.When polishing, bowl body b is positioned on support plate 12, and bowl body b corresponds to the lateral surface and branch of bottom the week side of boss Crack is formed between board 12, is fixed in order that bowl body b is stable on support plate 12, then by four 122 pairs of the second contract blocks Top pressure is answered in bowl body b four different directions.And second contract block 122 shape and the shape of above-mentioned crack match, the second contract Block 122 is clamped in above-mentioned crack.In addition, the position that the second contract block 122 is contacted with workpiece to be processed is coated with rubber cushion, Jin Erke Increase the compactness contacted between the second contract block 122 and bowl body b lateral wall.So, bowl body b is fixed on support plate 12, Complete the fixation that workpiece to be processed is bowl body b.
A progress left side for the workpiece body 5 further, being fixed on by the driving of lateral dynamics device on crossbeam arm 22, Right translation so that its work first 53 is located at bowl body b top, and the optional position of the lateral edges corresponding to bowl body b, it is then sharp again With first longitudinal direction power set 25, upper and lower lifting occurs for the workpiece body 5 made so that work first 53 can be carried out with bowl body b Sanding operation.
Then the bowl body b being fixed on support plate 12 that works and drive of motor 131 rotates, while driving work Motor 551 works and driven the rotation for the first 53 generation other direction that works being fixed in process arm 52.And then realize to bowl body b Lateral wall carry out automatically grinding operation.
Preferably process the embodiment of discoid stone material as the third, coordinate shown in Fig. 2, now to process detachable round tabletop c Week exemplified by, work first 53 and detachable round tabletop c shape to be processed match.
When polishing, detachable round tabletop c is positioned on support plate 12, cursor 234 is swung and then adjusts the position of thimble 4, So that thimble 4 is located at the top for the detachable round tabletop c for being fixed on support plate 12, and its top touching portion 42 is relative to the interposition of support plate 12 Put, i.e. detachable round tabletop c centre position.Then the relative thimble support bar of the second sliding sleeve of second longitudinal direction power set driving 231 is passed through 233 carry out upper and lower lifting carriage so that the top pressure of top touching portion 42 is in detachable round tabletop c centre position.
A progress left side for the workpiece body 5 further, being fixed on by the driving of lateral dynamics device on crossbeam arm 22, Right translation so that its work first 53 is located at circular arc ring body a top, and the optional position of the lateral edges corresponding to circular arc ring body a, Then first longitudinal direction power set 25 are recycled, upper and lower lifting occurs for the workpiece body 5 made so that work first 53 and circle Desktop c can carry out sanding operation.
Then the detachable round tabletop c being fixed on support plate 12 that works and drive of motor 131 rotates, while driving work Make the rotation that motor 551 works and drives the first 53 generation other direction that works being fixed in process arm 52.And then realize to circle Desktop c automatically grinding operation.Because work first 53 and detachable round tabletop c shape to be processed matches, so can be by selection not The work first 53 of similar shape, the ideal form of preprocessing is processed into by detachable round tabletop c week edge.
The embodiment of the stone material of column is preferably processed as the 4th kind, now by the week for the stone mill d that polishes exemplified by, stone mill It is fixed to use thimble 4, and the fixed form combined both the cooperation of contract block and chute.First it is fixed with thimble 4, Ran Houzai Contract block is clamped on to the lateral wall of stone mill.After stone mill is fixed, carry out to knife, that is, control work first 53 left and right translation or Upper and lower lifting carriage so that work first 53 can carry out sanding operation with stone mill.In the embodiment, the fixed form of thimble 4, contract The cooperation fixed form of block and chute, and aim at tool operation, sanding operation are identical with the corresponding operating of above-described embodiment, herein Not tire out and state.In actual mechanical process, if occurring, to operating errors such as knives, also repeating cycle and taking corresponding operation and being adjusted, Until meeting the requirement of corresponding processing of stone.
As the embodiment of the stone material of the 5th kind of processing column, coordinate shown in Fig. 4, now using cut stone mill d water mill mortise as Example, work first 53 uses bite.When cutting, the fixed of stone mill d uses thimble 4, and both the cooperation of contract block and chute With reference to fixed form.First it is fixed with thimble 4, then contract block is clamped on to stone mill d lateral wall again.By stone mill d levels It is fixed on after support plate 12, carries out, to knife, driving universal rotary table 61 to be rotated by universal rotational drive device 62 so that work The axial direction of the axial direction of part organisation of working 5 and stone material to be processed is perpendicular, that is, the processing head being fixed in process arm 52 53 is perpendicular with the bevel to be cut of workpiece to be processed, and the left and right translation or upper and lower lifting of further control work first 53 are slided It is dynamic so that the cutting operation that work first 53 and stone mill d can be automated.Further, driving work drive motor 551 works and band The dynamic work being fixed in process arm 52 first 53 is rotated, and work first 53 rotates along horizontal axis direction, and cuts polishing water mill mortise.
It should be noted that in the present invention, the drive device and transmission mechanism of universal rotary table 61 can also be common using other Structure.Such as drive device can also use air cylinder device, and transmission device can also use worm and gear, chain sprocket, timing belt The transmission mechanisms such as synchronizing wheel, by taking Worm and worm-wheel gearing 623 as an example, including the worm gear 6231 being meshed and worm screw 6232.Snail Bar 6232 is fixed on the output end of steering motor 621, and worm gear 6231 is fixed on universal rotary table 61 to drive universal rotary table 61 to rotate, Realize the adjustment to the machining angle of workpiece body 5.
In the present invention, by setting universal rotary table 61 and its drive device universal rotational drive device 62 so that be fixed on Workpiece body 5 on universal rotary table 61 realizes unitary rotation, and then adjusts first 53 operating angle of work of workpiece body 5 Degree, is convenient for cutting or the process operation such as polish, and be suitable for the processing of the stone material workpiece to be processed of various shapes.
Embodiment two
As shown in figs 1 to 6, the present embodiment and the difference of embodiment one are:The present embodiment has additional infrared copying device (not shown).The infrared copying device includes copying control part and controller.The left end of crossbeam arm 22 is provided with template It is stone material template to be folded with track, this template track in stencil master, the present invention, and stencil master 72 is arcuate line.The arc The curvature of shape lines and the curvature of workpiece to be processed match.Arcuate line is horizontally disposed or places vertically, arcuate line Arc is bent or decurvation upward, and the present embodiment is preferably bent upward.Copying control part 71 is received using infrared Device, the output end of copying control part 71 connects the corresponding input of the controller.First longitudinal direction power set 25, lateral dynamics Device, universal rotational drive device 62 and the corresponding control end of motor driver 55 are connected to the correspondence output of the controller End.And profiling is carried out to this stencil master by the copying control part with electric light follower head.Controller, which is used to analyze to transmit, to be imitated The profiling information of shape template, and control the first 53 pairs of workpieces to be processed of work to carry out copying.The rotation of universal rotary table 61 can be with The universal rotational of work first 53 is driven, so as to realize the processing to curved surface.In the present invention, infrared copying device is conventional profiling Device, is not described in detail herein.The workpiece of copying is carried out by infrared copying device, machining accuracy is high.
It should be noted that the present invention is in addition to using above-mentioned infrared copying device, can also be using video analysis profiling dress Put and be manually entered the copying device of processing component data.Video analysis profiling according to video interception, interception stencil master it is outer Shape contour line, and profiling is carried out by the appearance profile line.The copying device for being manually entered processing component data is deposited provided with data Chip is stored up, the output end of the pin-saving chip is connected to the corresponding input of controller.
Embodiment three
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment one are:The structure of workpiece body 5.
As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 7, in the present embodiment, workpiece body 5 includes main spindle box 51 and for installment work head Process arm 52.The one end of process arm 52 is removably mounted to the output end of main spindle box 51.Towards workpiece to be processed.Process arm 52 The other end on work first 53 is installed, the other end of process arm 52 is provided with installation portion 54, and work first 53, which passes through, installs Portion 54 is removably mounted on the other end in process arm 52.Installation portion 54 matches with work first 53, the shape of installation portion 54 Shape and big I carry out accommodation according to the different of work first 53.Such as can be shaft-like, tubulose, tabular.Work first 53 Can be grinding tool or bite etc..Mounting hole 531 is offered corresponding to installation portion 54 in work first 53, mounting hole 531 is " T " Type hole or inverted " t " type hole, its head are concave ring groove, and concave ring groove is easily installed end or installation portion 54 and the work head in portion 54 The head of locking member between 53 is sunk to, it is to avoid on conventional art, and the end of installation portion 54 or the head of locking member are protruded from Work first 53 working face and influence the polishing processing problems to stone material.Installation portion 54 can pass through bulge loop and card with work first 53 Groove, the mode such as bolts and nuts, magnetic attracting device is detachably fixed together.Coordinate shown in Fig. 7, with the fixation side of bolts and nuts Formula is to offer a plurality of inverted " t " type mounting holes 531 on profit, work head, and after locking, mounting hole 531 is sunk on the head of bolt In concave ring groove, the planarization of working face when not influenceing the work first 53 to use.
The bottom of main spindle box 51 is provided with external screw thread, and the one end of process arm 52 is provided with the interior spiral shell matched with the external screw thread Line, quick despatch is carried out between main spindle box 51 and process arm 52 by the cooperation of internal and external screw thread.It should be noted that of the invention In, being detachably connected in addition to using the cooperation of above-mentioned internal and external screw thread between main spindle box 51 and process arm 52 can also use spiral shell Dismountable fixed form such as bolt nut, latch jack or magnetic.
In use, can be by changing the process arm with work first 53 when being processed to different stone materials 52 and carry out the different work first 53 of selection, without frequent and cumbersome because of different stone materials or the requirement of different processing technologys More change jobs first 53, operating efficiency is significantly improved.In addition, can also save material, it is to avoid work first 53 because repeat handling and Damage, or even wasted because under utilized.
Above-described embodiment and accompanying drawing and non-limiting product form of the invention and style, any art it is common Appropriate change or modification that technical staff is done to it, all should be regarded as not departing from the patent category of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational, including pedestal, the workbench for placing workpiece to be processed, Yi Jishi The frame being now processed to workpiece, it is characterised in that:The frame includes crossbeam arm and is connected with the thimble structure of thimble, with And the support arm on the pedestal is erected on, the crossbeam arm is slidably connected on the support arm by the first sliding sleeve, described Thimble structure is fixedly connected on the support arm, and the support arm is provided with the driving upper and lower lifting carriage of the first sliding sleeve First longitudinal direction power set,
On the lateral dynamics device that first sliding sleeve is slided provided with the driving crossbeam arm left and right translation, the crossbeam arm Provided with universal rotary table and universal rotational drive device, the universal rotary table is provided with workpiece body and work pieces process driving dress Put.
2. a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described universal turn Disk is rotatably fixed on crossbeam arm by rotating shaft, and the universal rotational drive device uses motor driver, including transmission The steering motor and transmission mechanism of connection.
3. a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described universal turn Disk is rotatably fixed on crossbeam arm by rotating shaft, and the centre position of the universal rotary table, described universal turn are fixed in the rotating shaft The transmission mechanism of disk is bevel gear transmission mechanism, and the bevel gear transmission mechanism includes the driving bevel gear and driven umbrella being meshed Gear, the driving bevel gear is fixed on the output shaft of the steering motor, and the driven bevel pinion is fixed in the rotating shaft End, transmission is engaged between the driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion.
4. a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Also include control Device, the first longitudinal direction power set, the lateral dynamics device, the universal rotational drive device and the work pieces process drive The dynamic corresponding control end of device is connected to the corresponding output end of the controller.
5. a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The workbench It is provided with a plurality of contract blocks for being used for fixing workpiece to be processed.
6. a kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The workbench Support plate including workbench main body and for placing workpiece to be processed, the support plate is upper located at the workbench main body Side, the support plate is rotationally connected with the workbench main body, the workbench main body by rotating shaft is provided with control institute State the support plate device of rotation driving of support plate rotation.
CN201710423156.4A 2017-06-07 2017-06-07 A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational Pending CN107052939A (en)

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CN201710423156.4A CN107052939A (en) 2017-06-07 2017-06-07 A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710423156.4A CN107052939A (en) 2017-06-07 2017-06-07 A kind of arc stone machining equipment of universal rotational

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112295325A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-02 耒阳市盛唐石业有限公司 Dust purification treatment device for stone carving

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112295325A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-02 耒阳市盛唐石业有限公司 Dust purification treatment device for stone carving

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