CN107050726A - A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC - Google Patents

A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107050726A
CN107050726A CN201710341538.2A CN201710341538A CN107050726A CN 107050726 A CN107050726 A CN 107050726A CN 201710341538 A CN201710341538 A CN 201710341538A CN 107050726 A CN107050726 A CN 107050726A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
resistance
plc
power line
triode
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Pending
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CN201710341538.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李俐
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Changsha Jin Ding Information Technology Co Ltd
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Changsha Jin Ding Information Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710341538.2A priority Critical patent/CN107050726A/en
Publication of CN107050726A publication Critical patent/CN107050726A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C37/00Control of fire-fighting equipment

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC, including microcontroller, memory, power module, timer, power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, Smoke Detection module, fire defector detecting module, display, alarm, input module and wireless communication module.Fire control system of the invention based on power line carrier, PLC can be detected using two kinds of detection modes of Smoke Detection and fire defector to fire condition, when only smog alarm information is without flame warning message, only open controller of fan and carry out air draft operation, when thering is flame warning message also to have smog alarm information again, foam spray controller is then opened to help to prevent spreading for the intensity of a fire, so as to be raced against time for fire-fighting work, the present invention also uses two kinds of modes of intelligence transmission of power line carrier, PLC and wireless copper cash simultaneously, avoid the drawbacks of single mode is present, therefore it is strong with stability, the high and vdiverse in function advantage of degree of intelligence.

Description

A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of control system, specifically a kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC.
Background technology
Security against fire is the most important thing of modern architecture security protection, especially in some storage combustible and explosive articles The place of fire easily occurs for warehouse, workshop etc., and fire protection warning device can in real time be monitored to monitor area, Neng Gouyou Casualties and property loss caused by the reduction fire of effect, fire protection warning device in the market are varied, but mostly Number function is more single, only has simple warning function, it is impossible to prevent spreading for fire, be that fire-fighting work is raced against time, together When existing warning system more use single type of alarm, such as wireless transmission mode, but be likely to make when fire occurs Into the terminal of network, therefore it can not normally notify fire department.
Power-line carrier communication can be widely applied to industrial automation control system, electric energy management system, household electrical appliance The occasions such as control system, fire alarm system and terminal interface.It transmits information, nothing using ready-made power circuit Other building communication lines are needed, the frequency resource of existing communication is also not take up.Therefore, it is particularly suitable for use in Construction of Small-Sized LAN network With realize automatically controlling in building.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the control of the fire-fighting based on power line carrier, PLC that a kind of simple in construction, performance is stable System, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC, including microcontroller, memory, power module, timing Device, power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, Smoke Detection module, fire defector detecting module, Display, alarm, input module and wireless communication module, the Smoke Detection module and flame detecting module gather cigarette respectively Mist information and flame information are simultaneously transferred to microcontroller, and microcontroller is also respectively connected with memory, power module, timer, electricity Power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, display, alarm, input module and wireless telecommunications mould Block, the flame detecting module is also connected with alarm.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The flame detecting module include triode V1, power supply E, FET Q1 and Loudspeaker B, the power supply E positive pole connect metal plate A, FET Q1 drain electrode and triode V1 colelctor electrode, metal plate B Other end connection resistance R1, electric capacity C1 and FET Q1 grid, the electric capacity C1 other end connection resistance R1 other end, electricity Hinder R2, resistance R5, resistance R8, electric capacity C2, electric capacity C3, triode V2 emitter stage, loudspeaker B and power supply E negative pole, FET The Q1 source electrode connection resistance R2 other end and diode D1 negative electrode, diode D1 anode connection resistance R3, resistance R3's Other end connecting triode V1 base stage, triode V1 emitter stage connection resistance R4, resistance R6, triode V3 emitter stage simultaneously Output alarm signal OUT, resistance R4 other end connection double base diode Q2 the second base stage, the of double base diode Q2 The one base stage connection resistance R5 other end, double base diode Q2 emitter stage connection diode D2 anode, diode D2's The negative electrode connection electric capacity C3 other end and resistance R7, resistance R7 other end connection electric capacity C5, the resistance R8 other end, electric capacity C4 With triode V2 base stage, triode V2 colelctor electrode tie point the C5 other end and triode V3 base stage, triode V3's The colelctor electrode connection electric capacity C4 other end and the loudspeaker B other end.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The controller is STM32 series monolithics.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The input module is keyboard.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The foam spray controller is magnetic valve.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The controller of fan is magnetic valve.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The Smoke Detection uses ME2-C0 type sensors.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The power carrier communication module uses the special half-duplex asynchronous modulation of power line Demodulator PL2102.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The wireless communication module is GPRS module.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Fire-fighting control system of the present invention based on power line carrier, PLC System can be detected using two kinds of detection modes of Smoke Detection and fire defector to fire condition, when only smog alarm information When there is no flame warning message, only open a controller of fan carry out air draft operation, when again there is flame warning message also to have smog report During alert information, then open foam spray controller and help to prevent spreading for the intensity of a fire, so that raced against time for fire-fighting work, while this Invention also uses power line carrier, PLC and wireless copper cash two kinds of modes of intelligence transmission, it is to avoid the drawbacks of single mode is present, because This has the advantages that stability is strong, degree of intelligence is high and vdiverse in function.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC;
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram of flame detecting module and alarm.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer in Fig. 1-2, the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC, including it is micro- Controller, memory, power module, timer, power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, smog Detection module, fire defector detecting module, display, alarm, input module and wireless communication module, the Smoke Detection mould Block and flame detecting module gather smog information and flame information and are transferred to microcontroller respectively, and microcontroller is also respectively connected with Memory, power module, timer, power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, display, alarm Device, input module and wireless communication module, the flame detecting module are also connected with alarm.
It is used as the preferred scheme of the present invention:The flame detecting module include triode V1, power supply E, FET Q1 and Loudspeaker B, the power supply E positive pole connect metal plate A, FET Q1 drain electrode and triode V1 colelctor electrode, metal plate B Other end connection resistance R1, electric capacity C1 and FET Q1 grid, the electric capacity C1 other end connection resistance R1 other end, electricity Hinder R2, resistance R5, resistance R8, electric capacity C2, electric capacity C3, triode V2 emitter stage, loudspeaker B and power supply E negative pole, FET The Q1 source electrode connection resistance R2 other end and diode D1 negative electrode, diode D1 anode connection resistance R3, resistance R3's Other end connecting triode V1 base stage, triode V1 emitter stage connection resistance R4, resistance R6, triode V3 emitter stage simultaneously Output alarm signal OUT, resistance R4 other end connection double base diode Q2 the second base stage, the of double base diode Q2 The one base stage connection resistance R5 other end, double base diode Q2 emitter stage connection diode D2 anode, diode D2's The negative electrode connection electric capacity C3 other end and resistance R7, resistance R7 other end connection electric capacity C5, the resistance R8 other end, electric capacity C4 With triode V2 base stage, triode V2 colelctor electrode tie point the C5 other end and triode V3 base stage, triode V3's The colelctor electrode connection electric capacity C4 other end and the loudspeaker B other end.
Controller is STM32 series monolithics.Input module is keyboard.Foam spray controller is magnetic valve.Blower fan control Device processed is magnetic valve.Smoke Detection uses ME2-C0 type sensors.Power carrier communication module uses the special half-duplex of power line Asynchronous modem controller PL2102.Wireless communication module is GPRS module.
The present invention operation principle be:Smoke Detection module and flame detecting module gather smog information and flame letter respectively Cease and be transferred to microcontroller, wherein Smoke Detection uses ME2-C0 type sensors, and CO concentration signals can be converted into electricity by it Signal is simultaneously output to microcontroller, and flame detecting module is as shown in Fig. 2 two parallel metal sheets A, B are detection flame in circuit Two electrodes.When there is no flame, two electric electrode insulations.At this moment FET Q1 grid is grounded through resistance R1, and is drained The voltage that electric current is produced on source resistance R2 is added in grid as the gate bias (minus gate voltage) of field-effect transistor, at this moment Q1 works Make in negative grid pressure condition, drain current very little, therefore, voltage-stabiliser tube D1 are not turned on, V1 cut-offs, circuit below must not electricity, loudspeaker B There is no alarm sound.When there is flame, two interelectrode gases are ionized at high temperature, conductive between pole plate.FET Pressure drop increase voltage-stabiliser tubes on Q1 drain current increase, R2 puncture conducting, and V1 is also switched on, and circuit below obtains electric,.By Q2, V2, V3 composition siren generator send alarm, and Q2 composition triangular-wave generators, its triangular wave exported is added to the groups such as V2, V3 Into audio frequency oscillator input, make the audio of the output slowly raising and lowering as siren, this is equal to audio frequency oscillator By triangle wave modulation, the same sound of urgent siren can be produced, the function of fire alarm is realized, while also output signal OUT to microcontroller, microcontroller according to transmission come signal judge, if only smog alarm information is without flame report During alert information, only open controller of fan and carry out air draft operation, so as to reduce the combustable gas concentration of interior, reduce and occur fire The possibility of the accidents such as calamity, blast, when having flame warning message also to have smog alarm information again, then opens foam spray controller Help prevents spreading for the intensity of a fire, and foam spray controller uses magnetic valve, once opening, foam spray will be sprayed out, and be Memory in system is used to storing warning message, timer be used to controlling controller of fan and foam spray controller to work when Between, input module is used to check can intuitively show all information on historical data or the critical threshold values of input, display Data, wireless communication module and power carrier communication module work for dual-alarm.
Fire control system of the invention based on power line carrier, PLC can be using the two kinds of detections of Smoke Detection and fire defector Mode is detected to fire condition, when only smog alarm information is without flame warning message, only opens air-blower control Device carries out air draft operation, when having flame warning message also to have smog alarm information again, then opens foam spray controller and help Spreading for the intensity of a fire is prevented, so as to be raced against time for fire-fighting work, while the present invention also uses power line carrier, PLC and wireless copper cash Two kinds of modes of intelligence transmission, it is to avoid the drawbacks of single mode is present, therefore with stability is strong, degree of intelligence is high and function is more The advantage of sample.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It may be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC, including microcontroller, memory, power module, timer, Power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, Smoke Detection module, fire defector detecting module, display Device, alarm, input module and wireless communication module, it is characterised in that the Smoke Detection module and flame detecting module point Smog information and flame information and microcontroller Cai Ji not be transferred to, microcontroller is also respectively connected with memory, power module, meter When device, power carrier communication module, controller of fan, foam spray controller, display, alarm, input module and wireless Communication module, the flame detecting module is also connected with alarm.
2. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the flame is visited Surveying module includes triode V1, power supply E, FET Q1 and loudspeaker B, the power supply E positive pole connection metal plate A, field-effect Pipe Q1 drain electrode and triode V1 colelctor electrode, other end connection resistance R1, the electric capacity C1 and FET Q1 grid of metal plate B Pole, the electric capacity C1 other end connection resistance R1 other end, resistance R2, resistance R5, resistance R8, electric capacity C2, electric capacity C3, triode The negative pole of V2 emitter stage, loudspeaker B and power supply E, the FET Q1 source electrode connection resistance R2 other end and diode D1's Negative electrode, diode D1 anode connection resistance R3, resistance R3 other end connecting triode V1 base stage, triode V1 transmitting The other end connection that pole connects resistance R4, resistance R6, triode V3 emitter stage and output alarm signal OUT, resistance R4 is biradical Pole diode Q2 the second base stage, double base diode Q2 the first base stage connection resistance R5 other end, double base diode Q2 emitter stage connection diode D2 anode, diode D2 negative electrode connection electric capacity the C3 other end and resistance R7, resistance R7 Other end connection electric capacity C5, the resistance R8 other end, electric capacity C4 and triode V2 base stage, triode V2 colelctor electrode connection The point C5 other end and triode V3 base stage, the triode V3 colelctor electrode connection electric capacity C4 other end and loudspeaker B's is another End.
3. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the controller For STM32 series monolithics.
4. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the input mould Block is keyboard.
5. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the bubble jet Pouring controller is magnetic valve.
6. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the blower fan control Device processed is magnetic valve.
7. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the smog inspection Survey and use ME2-C0 type sensors.
8. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the electric power is carried Ripple communication module uses the special half-duplex asynchronous modem controller PL2102 of power line.
9. the fire control system according to claim 1 based on power line carrier, PLC, it is characterised in that the channel radio News module is GPRS module.
CN201710341538.2A 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC Pending CN107050726A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710341538.2A CN107050726A (en) 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710341538.2A CN107050726A (en) 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of fire control system based on power line carrier, PLC

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107050726A true CN107050726A (en) 2017-08-18

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWM290287U (en) * 2005-08-31 2006-05-01 Hansder Technology Co Ltd Central control unit having carrier with power frequency
CN201930432U (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-08-17 王子麟 Automatic intelligent fire-fighting spraying system
CN202516198U (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-11-07 东方电气集团东方汽轮机有限公司 Wind generating set fire fighting system
CN104656621A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-27 杭州申昊科技股份有限公司 Intelligent monitoring system for transformer station
CN204891016U (en) * 2015-07-11 2015-12-23 杭州胄天新能源技术有限公司 Wind generating set intelligence fire -fighting controller
CN204926388U (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-30 南京铁道职业技术学院 Alarm
CN205334665U (en) * 2016-01-17 2016-06-22 北京国电德安电力工程有限公司 A integration fire control safety coefficient for in transformer substation
CN205451370U (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-08-10 西安科技大学 Smog conflagration early warning protection device
CN205827597U (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-12-21 潘福平 Building appliance fire warning system

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWM290287U (en) * 2005-08-31 2006-05-01 Hansder Technology Co Ltd Central control unit having carrier with power frequency
CN201930432U (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-08-17 王子麟 Automatic intelligent fire-fighting spraying system
CN202516198U (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-11-07 东方电气集团东方汽轮机有限公司 Wind generating set fire fighting system
CN104656621A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-27 杭州申昊科技股份有限公司 Intelligent monitoring system for transformer station
CN204891016U (en) * 2015-07-11 2015-12-23 杭州胄天新能源技术有限公司 Wind generating set intelligence fire -fighting controller
CN204926388U (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-30 南京铁道职业技术学院 Alarm
CN205451370U (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-08-10 西安科技大学 Smog conflagration early warning protection device
CN205334665U (en) * 2016-01-17 2016-06-22 北京国电德安电力工程有限公司 A integration fire control safety coefficient for in transformer substation
CN205827597U (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-12-21 潘福平 Building appliance fire warning system

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Application publication date: 20170818

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