CN107049102B - Shower room - Google Patents

Shower room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107049102B
CN107049102B CN201710438802.4A CN201710438802A CN107049102B CN 107049102 B CN107049102 B CN 107049102B CN 201710438802 A CN201710438802 A CN 201710438802A CN 107049102 B CN107049102 B CN 107049102B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing disc
air
liquid bearing
shower
room
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201710438802.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107049102A (en
Inventor
曾真
王曾文
柳文博
王为国
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Wuhan Institute of Technology
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Wuhan Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201710438802.4A priority Critical patent/CN107049102B/en
Publication of CN107049102A publication Critical patent/CN107049102A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K3/00Baths; Douches; Appurtenances therefor
    • A47K3/28Showers or bathing douches
    • A47K3/283Fixed showers
    • A47K3/286Emergency showers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K3/00Baths; Douches; Appurtenances therefor
    • A47K3/28Showers or bathing douches
    • A47K3/30Screens or collapsible cabinets for showers or baths
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D15/00Other domestic- or space-heating systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/08Arrangements for drainage, venting or aerating
    • F24D19/082Arrangements for drainage, venting or aerating for water heating systems
    • F24D19/083Venting arrangements

Abstract

The invention discloses a shower room, at least comprising: the device comprises a shower room, an air preheating and humidifying room, a vent pipe, a first valve and a liquid bearing disc; the shower room is arranged at the upper part of the air preheating humidifying room; the liquid bearing disc is arranged in the air preheating and humidifying chamber; a first drainage port is arranged at the bottom of the shower room and above the liquid bearing disc; the shower room and the air preheating and humidifying room are communicated through the vent pipe; the first valve is arranged on the vent pipe; the vent pipe is positioned above the liquid bearing disc; an air inlet is arranged on the air preheating humidification chamber and below the liquid bearing disc, so that air can pass through the liquid bearing disc from the lower part of the liquid bearing disc and then reach the shower room through the vent pipe. The invention fully utilizes the waste heat of the waste water in the bathing process of the household bathroom, applies the momentum, heat and mass transfer principle in physics, automatically and continuously provides fresh warm air for the bathroom, does not need to be additionally provided with any power equipment, and is safe and reliable without additional electric energy consumption.

Description

Shower room
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fluid flow and waste water waste heat utilization, in particular to a shower room.
Background
With the improvement of living standard of people, the household bathroom is very popular, but because the amount of waste water in the household bathroom is small, the waste water is generally directly discharged, and air exchange is carried out in a mode of simply discharging the heating air in the bathroom, exchanging external low-temperature air or a mode of an external heating source and a power source (such as a fan heater).
When a household bathroom is used for bathing in winter, the bathroom is generally closed to prevent hot air from leaking out for heat preservation, and the bathroom is filled with water vapor and insufficient oxygen, so that people can breathe unsmoothly or even faint due to oxygen deficiency, and therefore, according to the national mandatory standard for health bathrooms, an exhaust fan is installed in the bathroom to timely exhaust water vapor and supplement fresh air. Thus, the temperature of the bathroom is reduced to a certain extent, and people feel cold when bathing. In order to improve the temperature of a bathroom, a warm air blower is additionally arranged, and the warm air blower is used in a humid environment for a long time, so that a new potential safety hazard is undoubtedly brought, and a large amount of electric energy is consumed.
Therefore, there is a need to provide a method for safely ventilating a bathroom while maintaining the temperature thereof with low energy consumption.
Disclosure of Invention
The shower room provided by the invention realizes the technical effect of safely preserving heat and ventilating the shower room with low energy consumption.
The invention provides a shower room, at least comprising: the device comprises a shower room, an air preheating and humidifying room, a vent pipe, a first valve and a liquid bearing disc; the shower room is arranged at the upper part of the air preheating humidifying room; the liquid bearing disc is arranged in the air preheating and humidifying chamber; a first drainage port is arranged at the bottom of the shower room and above the liquid bearing disc; the shower room and the air preheating and humidifying room are communicated through the vent pipe; the first valve is arranged on the vent pipe; the vent pipe is positioned above the liquid bearing disc; an air inlet is arranged on the air preheating humidification chamber and below the liquid bearing disc, so that air can pass through the liquid bearing disc from the lower part of the liquid bearing disc and then reach the shower room through the vent pipe.
Further, the liquid bearing disc is a segment-shaped liquid bearing disc; a baffle is arranged at the gap end; the arc end is arranged on the side wall of the air preheating humidification chamber.
Further, a tear hole is formed in the liquid bearing plate.
Further, the method at least comprises the following steps: a bottom support; the bottom support is arranged on the side wall of the air preheating and humidifying chamber; the liquid bearing disc is detachably arranged on the bottom support.
Further, a second drain port is provided at the bottom of the air preheating humidifier chamber.
Further, the method at least comprises the following steps: a temperature measuring part; the temperature measuring component is arranged in the liquid bearing disc.
Further, the method at least comprises the following steps: a flow meter; the flowmeter is arranged at the first water outlet.
Further, the method at least comprises the following steps: an air inlet pipe and a second valve; the air inlet pipe is communicated with the air preheating and humidifying chamber and the outside; the second valve is provided on the intake pipe.
Further, the method at least comprises the following steps: a controller; the signal input end of the controller is in communication connection with the temperature measuring component and the signal output end of the flowmeter, and the signal output end of the controller is in communication connection with the signal input ends of the first valve and the second valve.
One or more technical schemes provided by the invention at least have the following technical effects or advantages:
fresh air outside the shower room automatically enters from an air inlet below the liquid bearing disc, bypasses the liquid bearing disc and reaches the shower room through an air pipe, and the waste heat of waste water generated during bathing in a household bathroom is completely utilized, and the momentum, heat and mass transfer principle in physics is applied. The momentum transfer principle is that the density of the wet air is reduced along with the rise of the temperature, the density of the wet air is reduced along with the increase of the content of water vapor, and fresh air is automatically and continuously provided for a bathroom by relying on the density difference of gas as air flow power from an inlet; the heat transfer principle is that heat is automatically transferred from high temperature to low temperature, so that the heat of the waste hot water is used for heating air through countercurrent convection heat transfer; the mass transfer principle is that unsaturated wet air is directly contacted with waste hot water, and water molecules automatically diffuse into the air through the water surface to humidify the air. In conclusion, the whole air exchange process fully utilizes the waste heat of the waste hot water, does not need to be additionally provided with any power equipment, is safe and reliable, does not consume extra electric energy, and realizes the automatic heat preservation, humidification and air exchange of the shower room.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a shower room provided by an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a liquid bearing plate 5 in the shower room provided by the embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of FIG. 2;
the shower room comprises a shower room 1, an air preheating and humidifying room 2, an air vent pipe 3, a first valve 4, a liquid bearing plate 5, a first water discharge port 6, a baffle 7, a tear hole 8, a bottom support 9, a second water discharge port 10, a temperature measuring part 11, a flow meter 12, an air inlet pipe 13, a second valve 14, a hot water pipe 15, a cold water pipe 16, a water mixing valve 17, a hot water pipe 18, a shower nozzle 19, an air discharge port 20 and a movable door 21.
Detailed Description
The embodiment of the invention provides the shower room, and the technical effect of safely carrying out heat preservation and ventilation on the shower room with low energy consumption is achieved.
In order to solve the above problems, the technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention has the following general idea:
the molecular weight of water is lower than that of air, and in winter, the temperature of the shower room is higher than that of the external environment, so that the density of gas inside the shower room is lower than that of the ambient air, and the density difference forms an automatic pumping effect. Meanwhile, in winter, the fresh air and the hot waste water are in countercurrent contact in the air preheating and humidifying chamber, on one hand, the air is heated up due to sensible heat, and on the other hand, the air is humidified due to water vapor; the heat transfer principle is that heat is automatically transferred from high temperature to low temperature, so that the heat of the waste hot water is used for heating air through countercurrent convection heat transfer; the mass transfer principle is that unsaturated wet air is directly contacted with waste hot water, and water molecules automatically diffuse into the air through the water surface to humidify the air. In conclusion, the whole air exchange process fully utilizes the waste heat of the waste hot water, does not need to be additionally provided with any power equipment, is safe and reliable, does not have extra electric energy consumption, realizes the automatic heat preservation, humidification and air exchange of the shower room, and is a true energy-saving and environment-friendly idea.
For better understanding of the above technical solutions, the following detailed descriptions will be provided in conjunction with the drawings and the detailed description of the embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1, the shower room provided by the embodiment of the invention at least comprises: the device comprises a shower room 1, an air preheating and humidifying room 2, a vent pipe 3, a first valve 4 and a liquid bearing disc 5; the shower room 1 is arranged at the upper part of the air preheating humid cabinet 2; the liquid bearing disc 5 is arranged in the air preheating and humidifying chamber 2; a first drainage opening 6 is arranged at the bottom of the shower room 1 and above the liquid bearing disc 5; the shower room 1 is communicated with the air preheating and humidifying room 2 through a vent pipe 3; the first valve 4 is arranged on the vent pipe 3; the vent pipe 3 is positioned above the liquid bearing disc 5; an air inlet is provided on the air preheating humidifier chamber 2 and below the drip pan 5 to allow air to pass from below the drip pan 5 through the drip pan 5 to the shower enclosure 1 via the air duct 3.
Specifically, the shower room provided by the embodiment of the invention is cylindrical, and the diameter of the shower room is 1200mm, and the height of the shower room is 2300 mm. The height of the upper shower room 1 is 2000mm and the height of the lower air preheating humidifying room 2 is 300 mm.
In this embodiment, the drip pan 5 is disposed in the middle of the air preheating humidifier chamber 2, at a distance of 150mm from the bottom.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the liquid bearing disc 5 is a segment-shaped liquid bearing disc; a baffle 7 (overflow weir) is arranged at the end of the gap; the arc end is arranged on the side wall of the air preheating humidifying chamber 2.
In this embodiment, the segment type is a portion of the entire circle remaining after the segment. The height of the baffle 7 was 50mm, and the plate thickness was 3 mm.
To further explain the structure of the liquid receiving pan 5, a tear hole 8 is formed in the liquid receiving pan 5.
In the present embodiment, the liquid receiving tray 5 has a diameter of 5 mm.
Specifically explaining the structure of the embodiment of the present invention, the structure further includes at least: a bottom support 9; the bottom support 9 is arranged on the side wall of the air preheating and humidifying chamber 2; the liquid bearing disc 5 is detachably arranged on the bottom support 9.
In this embodiment, the bottom bracket 9 is an angle steel ring, L30x30, the angle steel ring is tightly attached to the inner wall of the air preheating humidification chamber 2, no gap is formed, the angle steel ring is provided with a bolt hole for fixing the liquid bearing disc 5, and the liquid bearing disc 5 is fixed through a bolt.
To further illustrate the structure of the embodiment of the present invention, a second drain opening 10 is provided at the bottom of the air preheating humidifier chamber 2.
In order to measure the temperature of the liquid in the liquid-bearing disc 5, the device at least comprises: a temperature measuring part 11; the temperature measuring component 11 is arranged in the liquid bearing disc 5.
In the present embodiment, the temperature measuring part 11 may be a temperature sensor.
For measuring the flow of liquid through the first drain opening 6, at least: a flow meter 12; the flow meter 12 is provided at the first drain port 6.
Further explaining the structure of the embodiment of the present invention, the structure further includes at least: an intake pipe 13 and a second valve 14; the air inlet pipe 13 is communicated with the air preheating and humidifying chamber 2 and the outside; a second valve 14 is provided in the intake pipe 13.
In order to improve the automation level of the embodiment of the invention, the method at least comprises the following steps: a controller; the signal input end of the controller is in communication connection with the signal output ends of the temperature measuring component 11 and the flowmeter 12, and the signal output end of the controller is in communication connection with the signal input ends of the first valve 4 and the second valve 14.
The application process of the embodiment of the invention comprises the following steps:
when a person enters the shower room 1, the movable door 21 is closed, the water mixing valve 17 is adjusted to enable the water temperature and the flow rate of the water output to the warm water pipe 18 from the hot water pipe 15 and the cold water pipe 16 to reach appropriate degrees, and the warm water is sprayed out through the shower nozzle 19. The hot gas is exhausted through the exhaust port 20. In use, warm water collects on the bottom plate of the shower room 1 to become hot waste water, and the hot waste water enters the liquid bearing disc 5 of the air preheating humidifier 2 through the first water discharge port 6. The waste hot water flows through the liquid bearing disc 5 transversely, flows to the bottom of the air preheating humidifying chamber 2 through the baffle 7 (overflow weir), flows out through the second water outlet 10 and enters a sewer. Meanwhile, fresh air automatically flows into the lower-layer space of the air preheating humidification chamber 2 through the air inlet pipe 13 and the air inlet, flows into the upper-layer space of the air preheating humidification chamber 2 through the liquid bearing disc 5, flows to the ventilation pipe 3 through the upper-layer space, and flows into the bottom of the shower room 1 through the ventilation pipe 3 to realize temperature rise. Here, it should be noted that the temperature and the flow rate of the hot waste water are measured by the temperature measuring part 11 and the flow meter 12, respectively, and the measured data are transmitted to the controller. The controller sends trigger signals to the first valve 4 and the second valve 14 to control the flow of the inlet air so as to achieve the optimal temperature rise effect.
It should be noted that in order to ensure that air is always entering air preheating humidifier chamber 2, it is necessary to ensure that second valve 14 is open, while ensuring that first valve 4 has a minimum opening.
[ technical effects ] of
1. The gas reaches the shower room 1 from the lower part of the liquid bearing disc 5 through the gas pipe 3, the waste water waste heat in the bathing process of the household bathroom is completely utilized, the momentum, heat and mass transfer principle in physics is applied, fresh warm air is automatically and continuously provided for the bathroom, any power equipment does not need to be additionally arranged, and the shower room is safe and reliable and does not have extra electric energy consumption.
2. Through the use of the liquid bearing disc 5, not only is the air short circuit prevented, the approximate countercurrent contact of the air and the waste hot water is ensured, but also the heat exchange area is increased, and the waste heat is fully utilized. In addition, because a certain amount of waste hot water is contained in the liquid bearing disc 5, the heat of the waste hot water is fully transferred to the air.
3. The temperature measuring component 11 measures the temperature of the wastewater in the liquid bearing disc 5, and the flow meter 12 measures the flow of the wastewater at the first drainage port 6, so as to control the opening degrees of the first valve 4 and the second valve 14, thereby realizing the optimal heat preservation effect.
4. The level of automation of embodiments of the present invention is increased through the use of a controller.
The embodiment of the invention not only utilizes the waste heat of the waste water, but also saves energy, and has simple structure, reliable equipment and low cost.
While preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, additional variations and modifications in those embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art once they learn of the basic inventive concepts. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims be interpreted as including preferred embodiments and all such alterations and modifications as fall within the scope of the invention.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if such modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include such modifications and variations.

Claims (9)

1. A shower room is characterized by at least comprising: the device comprises a shower room, an air preheating and humidifying room, a vent pipe, a first valve and a liquid bearing disc; the shower room is arranged at the upper part of the air preheating humidifying room; the liquid bearing disc is arranged in the air preheating and humidifying chamber; a first drainage port is arranged at the bottom of the shower room and above the liquid bearing disc; the shower room and the air preheating and humidifying room are communicated through the vent pipe; the first valve is arranged on the vent pipe; the vent pipe is positioned above the liquid bearing disc; the air preheating and humidifying chamber is provided with an air inlet below the liquid bearing disc, fresh air outside the shower room automatically enters from the air inlet below the liquid bearing disc and reaches the shower room through the liquid bearing disc and the vent pipe, and automatic heat preservation, humidification and ventilation of the shower room are realized by using waste water waste heat during bathing.
2. The shower room of claim 1, wherein the liquid receiving tray is a segment type liquid receiving tray; a baffle is arranged at the gap end; the arc end is arranged on the side wall of the air preheating humidification chamber.
3. The shower enclosure of claim 2 wherein there are tear holes in said tray.
4. The shower cubicle according to claim 1, further comprising at least: a bottom support; the bottom support is arranged on the side wall of the air preheating and humidifying chamber; the liquid bearing disc is detachably arranged on the bottom support.
5. The shower enclosure of claim 1, wherein a second drain is provided at the bottom of said air preheating humidifier chamber.
6. The shower cubicle according to claim 1, further comprising at least: a temperature measuring part; the temperature measuring component is arranged in the liquid bearing disc.
7. The shower cubicle according to claim 6, further comprising at least: a flow meter; the flowmeter is arranged at the first water outlet.
8. The shower cubicle according to claim 7, further comprising at least: an air inlet pipe and a second valve; the air inlet pipe is communicated with the air preheating and humidifying chamber and the outside; the second valve is provided on the intake pipe.
9. The shower enclosure as claimed in claim 8, further comprising at least: a controller; the signal input end of the controller is in communication connection with the temperature measuring component and the signal output end of the flowmeter, and the signal output end of the controller is in communication connection with the signal input ends of the first valve and the second valve.
CN201710438802.4A 2017-06-12 2017-06-12 Shower room Active CN107049102B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710438802.4A CN107049102B (en) 2017-06-12 2017-06-12 Shower room

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710438802.4A CN107049102B (en) 2017-06-12 2017-06-12 Shower room

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107049102A CN107049102A (en) 2017-08-18
CN107049102B true CN107049102B (en) 2020-05-15

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ID=59594987

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710438802.4A Active CN107049102B (en) 2017-06-12 2017-06-12 Shower room

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108784464B (en) * 2018-06-04 2020-08-28 合肥海诺恒信息科技有限公司 Automatic bathroom management system

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1803078A (en) * 2006-01-15 2006-07-19 陈锡崇 Bathing device
JP4051487B2 (en) * 2006-05-29 2008-02-27 株式会社ユリカイ Heat pump shower booth
JP2009072392A (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-04-09 Shinwa Sangyo Co Ltd Toilet system
CN201409852Y (en) * 2009-03-12 2010-02-24 阿波罗(中国)有限公司 Shower room for recovering residue heat of shower water
CN205894746U (en) * 2016-07-08 2017-01-18 佛山市登宇洁具有限公司 Novel passive form shower room

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