CN107043213B - A kind of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze and its application method - Google Patents

A kind of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze and its application method Download PDF

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CN107043213B
CN107043213B CN201710285044.7A CN201710285044A CN107043213B CN 107043213 B CN107043213 B CN 107043213B CN 201710285044 A CN201710285044 A CN 201710285044A CN 107043213 B CN107043213 B CN 107043213B
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glaze
kiln
medium temperature
raw
temperature
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CN107043213A (en
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肖杨
李木根
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GANGPENG INDUSTRY Co Ltd HUNAN PROV
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GANGPENG INDUSTRY Co Ltd HUNAN PROV
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze and its application method, the weight percent of the fancy glaze basic components forms are as follows: kaolin 10~14%, quartzy 20~40%, albite 2~6%, potassium feldspar 2~6%, calcite 7~14%, wollastonite 7~12%, zinc oxide 2~6%, titanium dioxide 2~6%, bone ash 2~6%, calcium phosphate 2~6%, ammonium molybdate 3~6%, cerium oxide 1~3%, yttrium oxide 1~3%, additional coloring oxide 2~5%;Raw material is imposed on after mixing, ball milling, sieving on medium temperature domestic ceramics moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, obtains product finally by medium temperature one-time sintering technology.The medium temperature domestic ceramics of fancy glaze decoration is made in the present invention, and simple process, adaptable, effect is unique, therefore has a vast market foreground.

Description

A kind of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze and its application method
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic glaze fields, and in particular to a kind of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze and its user Method.
Background technique
With the improvement of living standards, people increasingly pursue the quality of life of high-quality.Object used in daily life Product are also no longer satisfied with merely its value used, it is also desirable to have ornamental value.Currently, in domestic ceramics decorative appearance side There have been a series of decorations such as applique on glaze, embossment, overglaze color, underglaze colour, coloured glaze and its combined decoration in face.In order to meet The life requirement of people's high-quality, as artistic porcelain decoration fancy glaze be applied to domestic ceramics --- fancy glaze domestic ceramics meet the tendency of and It is raw, increasingly liked by people, market prospects are very good.
So-called fancy glaze is exactly, using quartz, feldspar as primary raw material, toner to be added in glaze by formulating, uses Different glazing modes and calcining system make in glaze each coloring oxide in high temperature with kiln temperature, the delicate variation of atmosphere Lower mutually blending reaction, forms multicoloured, varied various color glaze, glaze is made to generate some unexpected peculiar dresses Effect is adornd, but the control of fancy glaze production is difficult, there is the unique saying of fancy glaze product in history.
It is all reactive multilayer fancy glaze mostly, glaze colours is rich as the market new product fancy glaze domestic ceramic product that exposes in recent years It is rich, soft and more have three-dimensional sense and the deep favor by client.Reactive multilayer fancy glaze is to utilize the temperature flowing between multilayer glaze The difference of degree forms the flow effect of glaze intercalated dislocation, to form decorative pattern.Reactive multilayer fancy glaze is arranged in pairs or groups in addition to special formula Outside, glazing process is more complicated, at high cost;And calcining system is required strictly, calcining system control is unreasonable, not only cannot It forms a complete production network, and will appear sagging, the defects of glaze is uneven, product qualification rate is very low.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of simple process, adaptable, the unique medium temperature of effect is daily Ceramic decoration fancy glaze and its application method.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical programs: a kind of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze, it is characterised in that: The weight percent of the fancy glaze basic components forms are as follows: kaolin 10~14%, quartz 20~40%, albite 2~6%, potassium are long Stone 2~6%, calcite 7~14%, wollastonite 7~12%, zinc oxide 2~6%, titanium dioxide 2~6%, bone ash 2~6%, calcium phosphate 2~ 6%, ammonium molybdate 3~6%, cerium oxide 1~3%, yttrium oxide 1~3%, additional coloring oxide 2~5%.
The coloring oxide is Co2O3、Fe2O3、MnO2, one of CuO, fineness was 325 meshes, and tailing over is 0.
The application method of above-mentioned medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze, it is characterised in that: the fancy glaze basic components are by weight Amount percentage is divided into two groups, wherein first group of raw material is by kaolin, albite, calcite, zinc oxide, ammonium molybdate, cerium oxide group At second group of raw material is made of quartz, potassium feldspar, wollastonite, titanium dioxide, bone ash, calcium phosphate, yttrium oxide;First respectively by two Group raw material mixing, ball milling, being sieved is made glaze slip, then carries out two groups of glaze slips with coloring oxide to be uniformly mixed acquisition mixing glaze Slurry, then in a manner of soaking glaze, mixing glaze slip is imposed on medium temperature domestic ceramics moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, finally by the side of medium temperature one-time sintering technology Formula obtains product.
The particle diameter that glaze slip is made in first group of raw material is D50=1um;The particle of glaze slip is made in second group of raw material Diameter is D50=4um;
The temperature of the medium temperature one-time sintering technology is 1210~1250 DEG C.
It is 2.5~3.5mm that the mixing glaze slip, which imposes on the glazed thickness on medium temperature domestic ceramics moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake,.
Positive/negative-pressure is used to intersect burning process, calcining system are as follows: room temperature to 800 during the medium temperature one-time sintering technology ~950 DEG C, 6~8 DEG C/min of heating rate, and in 800~950 DEG C of 20 min of heat preservation, negative pressure state is in during this in kiln; Kiln temperature is from 800~950 DEG C to 1080~1130 DEG C, 1.5~2 DEG C/min of heating rate, is in positive pressure during this in kiln State;For kiln temperature from 1080~1130 DEG C to 1210~1250 DEG C, 3~5 DEG C/min of heating rate keeps the temperature 40min, this process Barotropic state is in middle kiln;Last kiln is flame-out, cooled to room temperature.
The present invention is by the granularity of control raw material, and addition titanium dioxide, bone ash, calcium phosphate are as split-phase agent, zinc oxide, molybdenum Sour ammonium is used to fill up crystal grain and defect as brilliant agent is limited as crystallizing agent, by addition cerium oxide, yttrium oxide, and generation can hinder crystalline substance The film of grain continued growth, to form the double-deck uniform pattern effect in glaze layer;Intersect reductive firing technology by positive/negative-pressure The problem that very good solution sagging, glaze are uneven, flower face size is not easy to control, qualification rate is low;By utilizing different ceramic pigments Material is so that fancy glaze shows colorful artistic effect.
Medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze of the present invention is by selecting rational formula composition, using a glazing, quickly burning At, the double-deck pattern of generation, flower face brilliant flower of uniform size in glaze layer, and can according to need the different coloring oxide of addition It adjusts brilliant Hua Yanse, specifically has an advantage in that
1, the problem that glazing process is more complicated, at high cost and low qualification rate twice, the reaction of a glazing are solved Fancy glaze product qualification rate will increase substantially;
2, the glaze has very high ornamental value, deep to be liked by market;
3, by the adjustment of formula and calcining system, the effect of glaze can be artificially controlled, including spends face and decorative pattern big It is small etc.;
4, there are also coloring oxides such as iron oxide, manganese oxide, copper oxide in the glaze formula, covering power is strong, to glaze It is tight fundamentally to solve quality raw materials so as to which cost of material is greatly reduced with the whiteness no requirement (NR) of other raw materials of green body Scarce problem.
Specific embodiment
It is of the invention to reach the technical means and efficacy that predetermined goal of the invention is taken further to illustrate, below in conjunction with Preferred embodiment, the present invention is described in detail:
Embodiment 1
Fancy glaze basic components by weight percentage: kaolin 12%, quartzy 35%, albite 3%, potassium feldspar 3%, calcite 14%, wollastonite 12%, zinc oxide 3%, titanium dioxide 3%, bone ash 5%, calcium phosphate 5%, ammonium molybdate 5%, cerium oxide 3%, yttrium oxide 3%, outside Add Co2O32%;
Raw material is divided into two groups by above-mentioned fancy glaze basic components, wherein first group of raw material is by kaolin, albite, Fang Xie Stone, zinc oxide, ammonium molybdate, cerium oxide composition, second group of raw material is by quartz, potassium feldspar, wollastonite, titanium dioxide, bone ash, phosphoric acid Calcium, yttrium oxide composition;It is first D by first group of raw material mixing, ball milling, the obtained particle diameter that is sieved50The glaze slip of=1um, by second Group raw material mixing, ball milling, being sieved is made particle diameter as D50Then two groups of glaze slips and particle diameter are D by the glaze slip of=4um50= The Co of 50nm2O3Be uniformly mixed and obtain mixing glaze slip, then in a manner of soaking glaze, it is daily that mixed glaze slip is imposed on into medium temperature On ceramic paste preforms, the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake after glazing is fired in roller kilns and obtains product by glazed thickness 2.5mm.Firing system are as follows: room temperature To 850 DEG C, 6 DEG C/min of heating rate, and at 850 DEG C, 20min is kept the temperature, is in negative pressure state during this in kiln;Kiln temperature From 850 DEG C to 1100 DEG C, 1.5 DEG C/min of heating rate is in barotropic state in kiln during this;Kiln temperature from 1100 DEG C to 1220 DEG C, 3 DEG C/min of heating rate, 40min is kept the temperature, is in barotropic state during this in kiln;Last kiln is flame-out, naturally cold But to room temperature.
Embodiment 2
Glaze formula by weight percentage: kaolin 13%, quartz 40%, albite 5%, potassium feldspar 5%, calcite 9%, Wollastonite 8%, zinc oxide 5%, titanium dioxide 4%, bone ash 4%, calcium phosphate 4%, ammonium molybdate 3%, cerium oxide 2%, yttrium oxide 2%, it is additional Fe2O33%;
Raw material is divided into two groups by above-mentioned fancy glaze basic components, wherein first group of raw material is by kaolin, albite, Fang Xie Stone, zinc oxide, ammonium molybdate, cerium oxide composition, second group of raw material is by quartz, potassium feldspar, wollastonite, titanium dioxide, bone ash, phosphoric acid Calcium, yttrium oxide composition;It is first D by first group of raw material mixing, ball milling, the obtained particle diameter that is sieved50The glaze slip of=1um, by second Group raw material mixing, ball milling, being sieved is made particle diameter as D50Then two groups of glaze slips and particle diameter are D by the glaze slip of=4um50= The Fe of 50nm2O3Be uniformly mixed and obtain mixing glaze slip, then in a manner of soaking glaze, it is daily that mixed glaze slip is imposed on into medium temperature On ceramic paste preforms, the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake after glazing is fired in roller kilns and obtains product by glazed thickness 3mm.Firing system are as follows: room temperature is extremely 900 DEG C, 7 DEG C/min of heating rate, and at 900 DEG C, 20min is kept the temperature, is in negative pressure state during this in kiln;Kiln temperature from 900 DEG C to 1110 DEG C, 1.7 DEG C/min of heating rate, barotropic state is in during this in kiln;Kiln temperature from 1110 DEG C to 1230 DEG C, 4 DEG C/min of heating rate, 40min is kept the temperature, is in barotropic state during this in kiln;Last kiln is flame-out, naturally cold But to room temperature.
Embodiment 3
Glaze formula: kaolin 14%, quartz 28%, albite 4%, potassium feldspar 4%, calcite 14%, wollastonite 11%, oxidation Zinc 4%, titanium dioxide 5%, bone ash 5%, calcium phosphate 5%, ammonium molybdate 6%, cerium oxide 1%, yttrium oxide 1%, additional MnO24%;
Raw material is divided into two groups by above-mentioned fancy glaze basic components, wherein first group of raw material is by kaolin, albite, Fang Xie Stone, zinc oxide, ammonium molybdate, cerium oxide composition, second group of raw material is by quartz, potassium feldspar, wollastonite, titanium dioxide, bone ash, phosphoric acid Calcium, yttrium oxide composition;It is first D by first group of raw material mixing, ball milling, the obtained particle diameter that is sieved50The glaze slip of=1um, by second Group raw material mixing, ball milling, being sieved is made particle diameter as D50Then two groups of glaze slips and particle diameter are D by the glaze slip of=4um50= The MnO of 50nm2Be uniformly mixed and obtain mixing glaze slip, then in a manner of soaking glaze, it is daily that mixed glaze slip is imposed on into medium temperature On ceramic paste preforms, the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake after glazing is fired in roller kilns and obtains product by glazed thickness 3.5mm.Firing system are as follows: room temperature To 950 DEG C, 8 DEG C/min of heating rate, and at 950 DEG C, 20min is kept the temperature, is in negative pressure state during this in kiln;Kiln temperature From 950 DEG C to 1120 DEG C, 2 DEG C/min of heating rate is in barotropic state in kiln during this;Kiln temperature from 1120 DEG C to 1240 DEG C, 5 DEG C/min of heating rate, 40min is kept the temperature, is in barotropic state during this in kiln;Last kiln is flame-out, naturally cold But to room temperature.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of preparation method of medium temperature domestic ceramics decorative flower glaze, it is characterised in that: the weight of the fancy glaze basic components Percentage composition are as follows: kaolin 10~14%, quartz 20~40%, albite 2~6%, potassium feldspar 2~6%, calcite 7~14%, Wollastonite 7~12%, zinc oxide 2~6%, titanium dioxide 2~6%, bone ash 2~6%, calcium phosphate 2~6%, ammonium molybdate 3~6%, cerium oxide 1~3%, yttrium oxide 1~3%, additional coloring oxide 2~5%;
The fancy glaze basic components are divided into two groups by weight percentage, wherein first group of raw material is by kaolin, albite, Fang Xie Stone, zinc oxide, ammonium molybdate, cerium oxide composition, second group of raw material is by quartz, potassium feldspar, wollastonite, titanium dioxide, bone ash, phosphoric acid Calcium, yttrium oxide composition;Glaze slip is made in two groups of raw material mixing, ball milling, sieving respectively first, then by two groups of glaze slips and coloring oxygen Compound, which be uniformly mixed, obtains mixing glaze slip, then in a manner of soaking glaze, mixing glaze slip is imposed on medium temperature domestic ceramics moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, Product is obtained finally by the mode of medium temperature one-time sintering technology;
The particle diameter that glaze slip is made in first group of raw material is D50=1um;The particle diameter of glaze slip is made in second group of raw material For D50=4um;
The temperature of the medium temperature one-time sintering technology is 1210~1250 DEG C;
It is 2.5~3.5mm that the mixing glaze slip, which imposes on the glazed thickness on medium temperature domestic ceramics moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake,;
Positive/negative-pressure is used to intersect burning process, calcining system during the medium temperature one-time sintering technology are as follows: room temperature to 800~ 950 DEG C, 6~8 DEG C/min of heating rate, and in 800~950 DEG C of 20 min of heat preservation, negative pressure state is in during this in kiln;Kiln Interior temperature is from 800~950 DEG C to 1080~1130 DEG C, 1.5~2 DEG C/min of heating rate, is in positive pressure shape during this in kiln State;For kiln temperature from 1080~1130 DEG C to 1210~1250 DEG C, 3~5 DEG C/min of heating rate keeps the temperature 40min, during this Barotropic state is in kiln;Last kiln is flame-out, cooled to room temperature.
2. preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the coloring oxide is Co2O3、Fe2O3、MnO2、 One of CuO.
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CN109160732A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-08 湖南陶润会文化传播有限公司 Double-deck reaction particles glaze and preparation method thereof
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