CN107038638A - A kind of equity registration transaction system construction method based on alliance's chain - Google Patents

A kind of equity registration transaction system construction method based on alliance's chain Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107038638A
CN107038638A CN201710104545.0A CN201710104545A CN107038638A CN 107038638 A CN107038638 A CN 107038638A CN 201710104545 A CN201710104545 A CN 201710104545A CN 107038638 A CN107038638 A CN 107038638A
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China
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equity
transaction
block chain
account
contract
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CN201710104545.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄步添
王从礼
俞之贝
刘振广
陈建海
温琪
杨文龙
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杭州象链网络技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201710104545.0A priority Critical patent/CN107038638A/en
Publication of CN107038638A publication Critical patent/CN107038638A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q40/00Finance; Insurance; Tax strategies; Processing of corporate or income taxes
    • G06Q40/04Exchange, e.g. stocks, commodities, derivatives or currency exchange
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/38Payment protocols; Details thereof
    • G06Q20/382Payment protocols; Details thereof insuring higher security of transaction
    • G06Q20/3823Payment protocols; Details thereof insuring higher security of transaction combining multiple encryption tools for a transaction
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/38Payment protocols; Details thereof
    • G06Q20/382Payment protocols; Details thereof insuring higher security of transaction
    • G06Q20/3825Use of electronic signatures
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/38Payment protocols; Details thereof
    • G06Q20/389Keeping log of transactions for guaranteeing non-repudiation of a transaction
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/38Payment protocols; Details thereof
    • G06Q20/40Authorisation, e.g. identification of payer or payee, verification of customer or shop credentials; Review and approval of payers, e.g. check credit lines or negative lists
    • G06Q20/401Transaction verification
    • G06Q20/4014Identity check for transactions
    • G06Q20/40145Biometric identity checks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/18Legal services; Handling legal documents

Abstract

Transaction system construction method is registered the invention discloses a kind of equity based on alliance's chain, it digitizes uniqueness voucher with reference to existing laws and regulations using alliance's chain as technical support there is provided a kind of brand-new equity;It is different from the central check clearing mechanism of centralization, present system uses distributed computing technology framework, each main body that participates in safeguards equity registration and transaction account book jointly, it ensure that equity is registered open and clear, genuine and believable with transaction, the credit risk that effectively reduction is merchandised, avoid and safeguard papery register of shareholders, the efficiency of equity registration and transaction is substantially improved.In addition, block chain technology is applied to share exchange business scope by the present invention first, the share exchange platform of unified standard is set up, the digital management of equity is realized, can effectively taken precautions against the credit risk of share exchange, lifting transaction and supervisory efficiency, reduce transaction cost.

Description

A kind of equity registration transaction system construction method based on alliance's chain
Technical field
The invention belongs to equity registration transaction technology field, and in particular to a kind of equity registration transaction system based on alliance's chain System construction method.
Background technology
Domestic corporation is divided into two major classes:Joint-stock company and Co., Ltd.Joint-stock company's correspondence share, Co., Ltd then corresponds to Equity.The equity (share) of this Liang Lei company is weighed according to having nothing in common with each other really, and joint-stock company is divided into " listed company " and " on non-again Joint-stock company of city ".The share (including the circulating stock of trade at competitive price is concentrated in stock exchange) of listed company is registered in Chinese card Certificate registration clearing Co., Ltd;Rather than the share of marketable share company, by company's law regulation using stock as document of title, and Register of shareholders is equipped with to record stockholder.The issued share of outside share part company, and what third-party institution in office do not needed (such as the administration for industry and commerce or China Securities Depository and Clearing Company Limited) is registered, be entirely by company itself floating stocks and Register of shareholders is maintained really to weigh.Although some joint-stock companies provided using local share trustship center third party's enrolled for service with Publicity is carried out, but this is not required in that.For Co., Ltd, because in the absence of this voucher of stock, therefore the power of its equity Profit proves the register of shareholders voluntarily safeguarded with regard to Cheng Liao companies, and as company's equity in the registration of the administration for industry and commerce, that has been one Individual external publicity effect, for resisting third party acting in good faith, and is not used as the final certification of equity.
It can be seen that,《Company law》Equity (share) for which kind of company all gives larger autonomous power, that is, allows Company oneself come provide on equity (share) final certification (including provide stock and prepare register of shareholders), without additionally and briefly Rely on third party registration unit.
But either《Company law》、《Companies Registry management rules》Or other laws and regulations, not to company certainly The form of expression for the register of shareholders that row is safeguarded makes any specific limitation.For listed company, central liquidation organization In the presence of being that its register of shareholders being capable of electronic basic condition comprehensively.Meanwhile, central liquidation organization also ensure that whole system not " honeysuckle " problem occurs, but the central liquidation organization of centralization also faces reconciliation intricate operation, data safety, operation maintenance Cost is high, it is opaque the problems such as.And for private company, in the absence of corresponding central liquidation organization, it is necessary to pass through people Work processing papery equity voucher, option granting and interchangeable bill, if there is frequently stockholder's rights change, the maintenance of register of shareholders will Become cumbersome, the maintenance and tracking of historical trading also become difficult, and data are difficult to share.
Share exchange is related to multiple participation main bodys (including publisher, investor, intermediary, management organization, supervision departments Deng), in order to perform a complete transaction, each Transaction Information for participating in main body needs real-time, interactive and renewal.Between each main body In the presence of a process being mutually authenticated, the verification process of part step by step result in the hysteresis quality of information updating;Sometimes for execution One special transaction, the transaction of strokes additionally needs to be performed, and this make it that whole process of exchange is more complicated, and transaction cycle is more Plus very long, inefficiency.
The content of the invention
In view of it is above-mentioned, register transaction system construction method, the system the invention provides a kind of equity based on alliance's chain The specific third-party institution is no longer limited to, safeguards that a set of equity is registered and transaction general ledger jointly by all participants, it is ensured that Equity registration it is open and clear, genuine and believable, it is to avoid right dispute;Promote equity share circulation and resource-sharing, equity registration With transfer more Portable safety;Equity is registered and transaction data permanent secure is preserved, and can be reviewed, can not be distorted, multi-party shared, it is to avoid Information asymmetry.
A kind of equity registration transaction system construction method based on alliance's chain, comprises the following steps:
(1) the block chain network being made up of equity registration and the participation mechanism and regulator that merchandise etc. is set up;
(2) planned as a whole to organize and coordinate by the regulator in block chain network, each node (participation mechanism) participates in jointly, formulates Unified equity digital standard and the intelligent contract of equity;
(3) block chain network carries out member management using two-stage account pattern to participating in mechanism;
(4) equity is realized digitlization registration by block chain, and share exchange is brought together by intelligent contract and stock is completed Quan Zhong is raised;
(5) share exchange contract calls in any participation mechanism, then the contract is encrypted using rivest, shamir, adelman Other nodes in block chain network are broadcast to afterwards, and other nodes produce new block and write area according to certain common recognition mechanism In block chain.
The regulator include portfolio supervision department and industrial and commercial administrative department, participant include financial institution, Taxation authority, equity crowd raise platform, share exchange center, stock exchange, registration of securities clearing mechanism, enterprise, personal investment Person, finance companies, net borrow platform etc.;Wherein, financial institution includes bank, capital company, securities broker company, Fund Company, insurance Company, trust company, Zi Guan companies etc..
The step (1) to implement process as follows:
1.1, which make portfolio supervision department and industrial and commercial administrative department as supervisory node, adds and runs block chain network, Block chain network is supervisory node respectively a pair of keys of distribution (containing public key and private key);
1.2 participate in mechanism carries out system registry by network, and application materials, the application materials bag are submitted to regulator Include organization names, Institution Code, hour of log-on, legal person's name and status of a legal person information etc.;
1.3 regulators audit material and succeeded in registration by rear, participate in mechanism and may be selected to as the section of block chain network Point (medium-sized and small enterprises or individual investor can also only login account), obtains corresponding block chain account;
1.4 be a pair of keys of node distribution (containing public key and private key) for each adding by block chain network, and by each node Information (contain application materials, public key, timestamp) write-in block chain in.
Whole process is only needed by being completed on block chain client-side interface line, simple to operate.
The step (2) to implement process as follows:
2.1 are organized by regulator, and each mechanism that participates in formulates equity digital standard jointly;
2.2 according to equity digital standard, raised, pledged on equity registration, change, transaction, crowd by alliance's Joint Designing, Xie Zhi, the intelligent contract such as freeze, thaw;
2.3 equitys intelligence contract confirms after no leak after tested, it is deployed on block chain;
2.4, when the intelligent contract of old equity cancels, issue the intelligent contract of new equity, through each participation machine by regulator After structure confirms jointly, new block is produced by algorithm of knowing together and write in block chain.
The form that implements of the step (3) is:The real name for auditing the submission of each participation mechanism by regulator first is recognized Authentication information is write in block chain and opens member's account for each participation mechanism by card data, examination & verification after passing through;Then by block Chain network is that each member's account distributes a pair of keys, and private key therein is voluntarily taken care of or taken care of by system by participation mechanism, must Will when the mandate of external administration and auditing bodies be provided accessed;Member's account is primary account number, divides into some equity accounts, institute Some equity registrations, transaction, transfer, clearance all embody in equity account aspect;The equity account is advised by relevant laws and regulations system Surely realize limited open and can retrieve, the account does not include member's accounts information, secret protection is provided for member in transaction aspect.
Make in the step (4) equity realized by block chain digitize registration to implement process as follows:
Any participation mechanism into network of 4.1 joint-stock companies or Co., Ltd proposes equity registration application, and submits correlation Application material, register of shareholders and each shareholder's public key address;
The 4.2 participation mechanisms are audited to application material, and examination & verification agrees to registration after passing through, and then calls equity to register intelligence Can contract;
The intelligent contract of equity registration is performed automatically described in 4.3, is initiated from joint-stock company or Co., Ltd's public key address to phase The equity digital certificate of shareholder's public key address is answered to merchandise;
Register information is broadcast to after other nodes in network, other node verifications signature by the 4.4 participation mechanisms, according to Register information is carried out blocking encapsulation and write in block chain by certain common recognition mechanism, while equity digital certificate is write into phase Answer the public key address of shareholder.
In the step (4) by intelligent contract bring together share exchange to implement process as follows:
The 4.5 equity sellers are offered by system client sheet, and buyer places an order, and reach dealing purpose;
The 4.6 equity sellers initiate the intelligent contract of share exchange, both parties and support by any participation mechanism in network Pipe bank, regulator are signed with private key to the intelligent contract;
Intelligent contract of being merchandised described in 4.7 is performed automatically, and initiate the funds transaction from buyer to the seller and from the seller to The equity digital certificate transaction of buyer;
Transaction Information is broadcast to after other nodes in network, other node verifications signature by the 4.8 participation mechanisms, according to Transaction Information is carried out blocking encapsulation and write in block chain by certain common recognition mechanism, while the write-in of equity digital certificate is bought The public key address of side, and fund is included in seller account.
Preferably, the fund in the step 4.7 and 4.8 can be using the token issued on block chain, and user is by supplementing with money Token is bought, completing a business transaction for fund is completed by token, and trading efficiency is higher, completes a business transaction in real time.
In the step (4) by intelligent contract complete that equity crowd raises to implement process as follows:
4.9 raise platform, regulator etc. by promoter, neck throwing people, sponsor, crowd, and a crowd of signature raises intelligent conjunction jointly About, the responsibility and obligation of each participant are arranged, while the contract is deployed on block chain;
Crowd described in 4.10 raises intelligent contract and performed automatically, so as to create multi-signature account, neck is thrown high-ranking military officer's people investment gold Y and turned To the account and sign, multi-signature account then produces the equity digital certificate that the amount of money is X-Y, X for agreement many fund-raisings;
4.11 investors buy the equity digital certificate, and corresponding fund is gone into multi-signature account and signed;
If the 4.12 equity digital certificates that the amount of money is X-Y at the appointed time are sold off, crowd raises success, all many fund raisings Gold will go to promoter's account from multi-signature account, and corresponding equity digital certificate is then written into the public key address of investor, And then All Activity information is carried out by blocking encapsulation by certain common recognition mechanism and write in block chain;
If the amount of money is not sold off for X-Y equity digital certificate at the appointed time, crowd raises unsuccessfully, tracks multi-signature Transaction in account, reimbursement in full, and then All Activity information is carried out by blocking encapsulation by certain common recognition mechanism and write Enter in block chain.
Preferably, going to the fund in multi-signature account can be using the token issued on block chain, and user is by supplementing with money Token is bought, completing a business transaction for fund is completed by token, and trading efficiency is higher, completes a business transaction in real time.
The step (5) to implement process as follows:
Share exchange contract calls in 5.1 any mechanisms that participate in, then the contract is encrypted using rivest, shamir, adelman, Only related side is checked;
The 5.2 participation mechanisms generate the digital finger-print of encryption contract using hash algorithm, and then it is signed with private key Name;
The 5.3 participation mechanisms will encrypt other nodes that contract, public key and signature are broadcast in block chain network together;
5.4 other nodes are signed with public key verifications, and it is what the participation mechanism was called that encryption contract is confirmed after being verified, together When according to certain common recognition mechanism to encryption contract carry out it is blocking encapsulate and write in block chain.
Further, the regulator in the block chain network has super authority, either encryption data or Non-encrypted data, can in real time be had access to by block chain, and formulate supervisory system, continuous specification share exchange city accordingly .
Further, it may be selected to node for block chain network as enterprise, by client registers account or pass through Share exchange center, exchange, crowd raise after the access equity registration transaction system such as platform, access system that enterprise can be with equity participation Distribution, transaction and crowd raise.
Further, the access such as platform, share exchange center is raised as the optional financial institution of individual, financing platform, crowd Equity is registered individual after transaction system, access system and directly equity participation transaction and crowd can raised.
The equity that the present invention is built registers transaction system using alliance's chain as technical support, with reference to existing laws and regulations, carries Uniqueness voucher is digitized for a kind of brand-new equity;The central check clearing mechanism of centralization is different from, present system is adopted Distributed computing technology framework is used, each main body that participates in safeguards equity registration and transaction account book jointly, it is ensured that equity is registered and transaction Open and clear, genuine and believable, equity is substantially improved in the effective credit risk of reduction transaction, it is to avoid maintenance papery register of shareholders The efficiency of registration and transaction.
Present invention innovation is, first by block chain technology applied to share exchange business scope, to set up the stock of unified standard Transaction platform is weighed, the digital management of equity is realized, the credit risk of share exchange, lifting transaction and supervision effect can be effectively taken precautions against Rate, reduces transaction cost.
Thus, the present invention has following advantageous effects:
(1) present invention first by block chain technology be applied to share exchange business scope, using the decentralization of block chain, The credit risk of the features such as can not distorting, effectively reduction share exchange;The digitlization of equity is realized by block chain, safety is thoroughly It is bright, can not distort, be easy to tracking, rights ownership clearly, the interests of each participant of effective guarantee share exchange.
(2) the equity registration transaction system that the present invention is built uses distributed structure/architecture, with reference to asymmetric encryption techniques, effectively The reliability and security of lifting system;Each participant safeguards data jointly, set up share exchange general ledger, it is to avoid cumbersome pair Account works.
(3) present invention is to the every specific requirement and limitation in share exchange, by setting up pre-defined rule and programming mode Formed " intelligent contract ", be automatically performed equity and complete a business transaction, trading efficiency is substantially improved, also ensure transaction fairness and price it is true Reality.
(4) present invention sets up equity registration and the transaction platform of unified standard, it is ensured that the integrality of share exchange data, Solve problem of information asymmetry, it is to avoid equity " honeysuckle " problem occur;System realizes the digital management of equity, it is to avoid Safeguard cumbersome papery register of shareholders.
(5) verifiability of passage time stamp of the invention, can follow the trail of and inquire about to any exchange of value, conveniently have access to The transference of historical data, clear displaying and controlling interest, once occur legal dispute, it is easy to exercise related right and chase after Rope;Supervisory efficiency, reduction supervision cost are improved simultaneously.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the block chain network coalition structure schematic diagram that equity is registered and merchandised.
Fig. 2 is that the equity in block chain network alliance is registered and transaction flow schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the business processing flow schematic diagram that equity registers transaction system.
Embodiment
In order to more specifically describe the present invention, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment is to technical scheme It is described in detail.
The present invention proposes a kind of equity registration transaction system based on alliance's chain, and the system is used as technology branch using alliance's chain Support, uniqueness voucher is digitized with reference to existing laws and regulations there is provided a kind of brand-new equity;It is different from the central check of centralization Mechanism is settled accounts, present system uses distributed computing technology framework, and each main body that participates in safeguards equity registration and transaction account book jointly, really The open and clear, genuine and believable of equity registration and transaction, the effectively credit risk of reduction transaction are protected, it is to avoid maintenance papery strand Eastern register, is substantially improved the efficiency of equity registration and transaction.The specific construction method of the system is as follows:
(1) equity block chain alliance framework is set up.
As shown in figure 1, building each participant, regulator registered by equity and merchandised etc. constitutes block chain alliance.Its In, regulator include portfolio supervision department and industrial and commercial administrative department, participant include financial institution, taxation authority, Equity crowd raises platform, share exchange center, stock exchange, registration of securities clearing mechanism, enterprise, individual investor, financing public affairs Department, net borrow platform etc.;Financial institution include bank, capital company, securities broker company, Fund Company, insurance company, trust company, Zi Guan companies etc..
The specific construction step of equity block chain alliance is as follows:
Step1:Portfolio supervision department and industrial and commercial administrative department add as supervisory node and run block chain network, Network is each a pair of keys (public key and private key) of distribution;
Step2:Each mechanism that participates in carries out system registry by network, and the data of submission includes organization names, Institution Code, Hour of log-on, legal person's name, status of a legal person information etc.;
Step3:Regulator's examination & verification participates in the materials for registration of mechanism submission, and examination & verification passes through rear each participation institute registration success And node (medium-sized and small enterprises or individual investor can also only login account) for block chain network is may be selected to, obtain corresponding Block chain account;
Step4:Block chain network generates a pair of keys (public key and private key) for the node (or account) added, and by each section Information (including data of opening an account, public key, addition time etc.) the write-in block chain of point.
Whole process is only needed by being completed on block chain client-side interface line, simple to operate.
(2) equity is digitized.
According to equity registration as shown in Figure 2 and transaction flow, planned as a whole by regulator, organized, coordinated, federation node is common With participating in, unified equity digital standard is formulated, specific implementation step is as follows:
Step1:Organized by regulator, each node of alliance formulates equity digital standard jointly;
Step2:According to equity digital standard, the registration of alliance's Joint Designing equity, change, transaction, crowd raise, pledge, Xie Zhi, the intelligent contract such as freeze, thaw;
Step3:Equity intelligence contract confirms after no leak after tested, is deployed on block chain;
Step4:When old contract cancels, new contract is issued by regulator, after federation node confirms jointly, and by a set of Complete common recognition algorithm produces new block and writes block chain.
(3) league members are managed.
System carries out member management using two-stage account pattern, and specific implementation step is as follows:
Step1:It is each to participate in mechanism submission real-name authentication data, after regulator's examination & verification passes through, authentication information write-in block Chain simultaneously opens member's account for it;
Step2:The private key of member's account is voluntarily taken care of by each participation main body or system is taken care of, and outside supervise is provided if necessary Pipe, the mandate of auditing bodies are accessed;
Step3:Member's account is primary account number, divides into some equity accounts, all equitys are registered, merchandised, clearance all exists Equity account aspect embodies.
Step4:Equity account can be realized limited open and can retrieved that equity account is not wrapped by relevant laws and regulations system regulationses Accounts information containing member, secret protection is provided in transaction aspect for member.
(4) the equity registration based on block chain.
Equity is registered by the fully digitalization of block chain, and specific implementation step is as follows:
Step1:Node i (joint-stock company or Co., Ltd) uploads register of shareholders and each shareholder's public key address, then calls The intelligent contract of equity registration;
Step2:Contract is performed automatically, according to register of shareholders with initiating from node i public key address to corresponding shareholder's public key The equity digital certificate transaction of location;
Step3:Transaction is broadcast to other participation nodes in network, and other are participated in after node verifications signature, according to one Contract is carried out blocking encapsulation and writes block chain by fixed common recognition mechanism, while equity digital certificate is credited to the public key of shareholder Address.
If joint-stock company or Co., Ltd are to access alliance's chain network by certain mechanism of exchange, by mechanism of exchange to stock Eastern register and related data are audited, and examination & verification calls registration contract to complete equity registration after passing through by mechanism of exchange.
(5) share exchange based on block chain.
Share exchange can be brought together by intelligent contract, specific implementation step is as follows:
Step1:The equity seller is offered by system client sheet, and equity buyer places an order, and reaches dealing purpose;
Step2:The seller initiates the intelligent contract of stock right transfer, both parties and trustship silver by any participation agency node Row, regulator are signed with private key;
Step3:Contract is performed automatically, initiates the funds transaction from buyer to the seller and the equity number from the seller to buyer Word certificate transactions;
Step4:Contract is broadcast to other participation nodes in network, and other are participated in after node verifications signature, according to one Fixed common recognition mechanism, which will merchandise, to be carried out blocking encapsulation and writes block chain, while equity digital certificate is credited to the public key of buyer Address, and fund then enters seller account (clearing of fund are completed by third party Cun Guan banks).
Particularly, token can be issued on block chain, user is by supplementing purchase token with money, and fund is completed a business transaction by token Complete, trading efficiency is higher.
(6) the equity crowd based on block chain raises.
Promoter can complete equity crowd by system and raise, and specific implementation step is as follows:
Step1:Promoter, neck throwing people, sponsor, crowd raise a crowd of common signature such as platform, regulator and raise intelligent conjunction About, the responsibility and obligation of each participant are arranged, while contract is deployed on block chain;
Step2:Contract is performed automatically, creates multi-signature account, neck throws people, and (it is assumed that crowd raises 8,000,000, neck is thrown by fund Ten thousand) 500 go to the account and sign;
Step3:Multi-signature account produces 3,000,000 equity digital certificate;
Step4:Investor buys equity digital certificate, and fund is gone into multi-signature account and signed;
Step5:According to treaty conditions, if being sold off in the equity digital certificate of stipulated time 3,000,000, crowd raises success, 800 Ten thousand funds will go to promoter's account from multi-signature account, and corresponding equity digital certificate is with being written into the public key of investor Location, All Activity data write block chain after blocking encapsulation by certain common recognition mechanism;
Step6:If 3,000,000 equity digital certificates are not sold off at the appointed time, crowd raises unsuccessfully, tracks multi-signature The transaction of account, reimbursement in full, All Activity data write block chain after blocking encapsulation by certain common recognition mechanism.
Particularly, token can be issued on block chain, user is by supplementing purchase token with money, and fund is completed a business transaction by token Complete, trading efficiency is higher.
(7) asymmetric encryption protection privacy.
As shown in figure 3, node calls share exchange contract, specific implementation step is as follows:
Step1:Node i calls transaction contract, and contract is encrypted with rivest, shamir, adelman so that only related side It can check;
Step2:Node i generates the digital finger-print of encryption contract using hash algorithm, and then it is signed with private key;
Step3:Node i is broadcast to contract, public key is encrypted in block chain network together with signature;
Step4:Network participates in node and signed with public key verifications, and it is what node i was called that contract is confirmed after being verified, simultaneously Blocking encapsulation is carried out to encryption contract according to certain common recognition mechanism and block chain is write.
(8) share exchange is supervised.
Supervisory node has super authority, either encryption and non-encrypted data, can be carried out by block chain real-time Have access to, and formulate supervisory system, continuous specification share exchange market accordingly.
(9) personal and enterprise customer access.
Enterprise is selectable as the node of block chain alliance, or only by client registers account, can also pass through stock Power trade center, exchange, crowd are raised enterprise after the access systems such as platform, access and can be issued with equity participation, merchandise and raised with crowd;It is individual People investor can select financial institution, financing platform, crowd to raise the access systems such as platform, share exchange center.It is personal after access Can directly equity participation transaction raised with crowd.
The present invention builds the equity registration transaction system obtained based on alliance's chain by above-mentioned steps, and it is first by block chain Technology be applied to share exchange business scope, using the decentralization of block chain, can not distort the features such as effectively reduction equity hand over Easy credit risk, realizes point-to-point exchange of value.
The present invention by the equity of block chained record company and its change history, safety transparent, can not distort, be easy to Track, and there is provided the digitlization uniqueness voucher of equity, rights ownership is clear and definite, the interests of each participant of effective guarantee;System is adopted With distributed structure/architecture, this method can effectively reduce the construction, access, dimension of conventional center transaction system and registration settlement system Cost is protected, while greatly improving the reliability of system;It is multi-party participate in common safeguard and shared transaction general ledger, it is to avoid centralization Data are recorded repeatedly in system, eliminate reconciliation work;Block chain is shielded using rivest, shamir, adelman to transaction data Cover, shareholder checks, can effectively protect business secret.
Equity registration transaction system of the present invention can review all flows of equity registration and transaction, and ownership is clear and definite, once Generation legal dispute, convenient can exercise related right and demand;The application of intelligent contract causes share exchange more controllable, and dealing is double Side is completed a business transaction to complete a business transaction at once, has both avoided in execution and there is promise breaking phenomenon, trading efficiency is greatly improved again.The present invention is utilized The auditing possibility of block chain, supervisory node efficiently can be supervised easily to transaction, eliminate cumbersome manual examination and verification work Make;System safeguards equity digital certificate by block chain, it is to avoid maintenance cumbersome papery register of shareholders, on all flowlines Complete, greatly promote equity registration, change, many efficiency for the activity such as raising, eliminate conventional transaction service charge and agent, The finance costs of enterprise and the transaction cost of investor are significantly reduced, it is achieved thereby that a set of safe, reliable, efficient equity Registration and transaction data sharing mode, efficiently solve the asymmetric problem of each party information.
The above-mentioned description to embodiment is understood that for ease of those skilled in the art and using the present invention. Person skilled in the art obviously can easily make various modifications to above-described embodiment, and described herein general Principle is applied in other embodiment without passing through performing creative labour.Therefore, the invention is not restricted to above-described embodiment, ability Field technique personnel are according to the announcement of the present invention, and the improvement made for the present invention and modification all should be in protection scope of the present invention Within.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of equity registration transaction system construction method based on alliance's chain, comprises the following steps:
(1) the block chain network that the participation mechanism and regulator registered and merchandised by equity are constituted is set up;
(2) planned as a whole to organize and coordinate by the regulator in block chain network, each node is participated in jointly, formulate unified equity numeral Change specification and the intelligent contract of equity;
(3) block chain network carries out member management using two-stage account pattern to participating in mechanism;
(4) equity is realized digitlization registration by block chain, and share exchange is brought together by intelligent contract and equity crowd is completed Raise;
(5) share exchange contract calls in any participation mechanism, then wide after the contract being encrypted using rivest, shamir, adelman Broadcast to other nodes in block chain network, other nodes produce new block according to certain common recognition mechanism and write block chain In.
2. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:The tool of the step (1) Body implementation process is as follows:
1.1, which make portfolio supervision department and industrial and commercial administrative department as supervisory node, adds and runs block chain network, block Chain network is supervisory node respectively a pair of keys of distribution;
1.2 participate in mechanism carries out system registry by network, submits application materials to regulator, the application materials include machine Structure title, Institution Code, hour of log-on, legal person's name and status of a legal person information;
1.3 regulators audit material and succeeded in registration by rear, participate in mechanism and may be selected to as the node of block chain network, obtain Take corresponding block chain account;
1.4 be a pair of the keys of node distribution each added by block chain network, and the information of each node is write in block chain.
3. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:The tool of the step (2) Body implementation process is as follows:
2.1 are organized by regulator, and each mechanism that participates in formulates equity digital standard jointly;
2.2, according to equity digital standard, are raised on equity registration, change, transaction, crowd by alliance's Joint Designing, pledged, solved Matter, the intelligent contract for freezing and thawing;
2.3 equitys intelligence contract confirms after no leak after tested, it is deployed on block chain;
2.4, when the intelligent contract of old equity cancels, issue the intelligent contract of new equity by regulator, are total to through each participation mechanism After confirming, new block is produced by algorithm of knowing together and write in block chain.
4. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:The tool of the step (3) Body way of realization is:The real-name authentication data that each participation mechanism is submitted is audited by regulator first, audited certification after passing through Member's account is opened in information write-in block chain and for each participation mechanism;Then distributed by block chain network for each member's account A pair of keys, private key therein is voluntarily taken care of or taken care of by system by participation mechanism, and external administration and audit machine are provided if necessary The mandate of structure is accessed;Member's account is primary account number, divides into some equity accounts, all equity registration, transaction, transfer the possession of and Clearance all embodies in equity account aspect;The equity account realizes limited open by relevant laws and regulations system regulationses and can retrieve, The account does not include member's accounts information, and secret protection is provided for member in transaction aspect.
5. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:Make in the step (4) Equity realized by block chain digitize registration to implement process as follows:
Any participation mechanism into network of 4.1 joint-stock companies or Co., Ltd proposes equity registration application, and submits related application Material, register of shareholders and each shareholder's public key address;
The 4.2 participation mechanisms are audited to application material, and examination & verification agrees to registration after passing through, and then call equity registration intelligence to close About;
The intelligent contract of equity registration is performed automatically described in 4.3, is initiated from joint-stock company or Co., Ltd's public key address to corresponding stock The equity digital certificate transaction of eastern public key address;
Register information is broadcast to after other nodes in network, other node verifications signature by the 4.4 participation mechanisms, according to certain Common recognition mechanism by register information carry out it is blocking encapsulate and write in block chain, while equity digital certificate is write into corresponding stock The public key address in east.
6. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:Lead in the step (4) Cross intelligent contract bring together share exchange to implement process as follows:
The 4.5 equity sellers are offered by system client sheet, and buyer places an order, and reach dealing purpose;
The 4.6 equity sellers initiate the intelligent contract of share exchange, both parties and trustship silver by any participation mechanism in network Row, regulator are signed with private key to the intelligent contract;
Intelligent contract of being merchandised described in 4.7 is performed automatically, and initiates the funds transaction from buyer to the seller and from the seller to buyer Equity digital certificate transaction;
Transaction Information is broadcast to after other nodes in network, other node verifications signature by the 4.8 participation mechanisms, according to certain Common recognition mechanism by Transaction Information carry out it is blocking encapsulate and write in block chain, while equity digital certificate is write into buyer Public key address, and fund is included in seller account.
7. equity according to claim 6 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:The step 4.7 and 4.8 In fund using the token issued on block chain, user is completed by supplementing purchase token, completing a business transaction for fund with money by token.
8. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:Lead in the step (4) Cross that intelligent contract completes that equity crowd raises to implement process as follows:
4.9 throw people, sponsor, crowd by promoter, neck raises platform and regulator and signs a crowd jointly and raise intelligent contract, about The responsibility of fixed each participant and obligation, while the contract is deployed on block chain;
Crowd described in 4.10 raises intelligent contract and performed automatically, so as to create multi-signature account, neck throws high-ranking military officer's people investment gold Y and goes to this Account is simultaneously signed, and multi-signature account then produces the equity digital certificate that the amount of money is X-Y, and X raises funds for many of agreement;
4.11 investors buy the equity digital certificate, and corresponding fund is gone into multi-signature account and signed;
If the 4.12 equity digital certificates that the amount of money is X-Y at the appointed time are sold off, crowd raises success, and all many fund-raisings will Promoter's account is gone to from multi-signature account, corresponding equity digital certificate is then written into the public key address of investor, and then All Activity information is carried out by blocking encapsulation by certain common recognition mechanism and write in block chain;
If the amount of money is not sold off for X-Y equity digital certificate at the appointed time, crowd raises unsuccessfully, tracks multi-signature account On transaction, reimbursement in full, so by certain common recognition mechanism by All Activity information carry out it is blocking encapsulation and write area In block chain.
9. equity according to claim 8 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:Go to multi-signature account In fund can be completed using the token issued on block chain, user by supplementing purchase token, completing a business transaction for fund with money by token.
10. equity according to claim 1 registers transaction system construction method, it is characterised in that:The tool of the step (5) Body implementation process is as follows:
Share exchange contract calls in 5.1 any mechanisms that participate in, then the contract is encrypted using rivest, shamir, adelman, only made Obtaining related side can check;
The 5.2 participation mechanisms generate the digital finger-print of encryption contract using hash algorithm, and then it is signed with private key;
The 5.3 participation mechanisms will encrypt other nodes that contract, public key and signature are broadcast in block chain network together;
5.4 other nodes are signed with public key verifications, and it is what the participation mechanism was called that encryption contract is confirmed after being verified, and is pressed simultaneously Blocking encapsulation is carried out to encryption contract according to certain common recognition mechanism and is write in block chain.
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