CN107034904A - Sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107034904A
CN107034904A CN201710362287.6A CN201710362287A CN107034904A CN 107034904 A CN107034904 A CN 107034904A CN 201710362287 A CN201710362287 A CN 201710362287A CN 107034904 A CN107034904 A CN 107034904A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
duster
fibrous
grass seeds
stalk
sowing grass
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Pending
Application number
CN201710362287.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宇
杨飞
叶晓文
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Shenzhen Fangyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Fangyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710362287.6A priority Critical patent/CN107034904A/en
Publication of CN107034904A publication Critical patent/CN107034904A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K3/00Materials not provided for elsewhere
    • C09K3/22Materials not provided for elsewhere for dust-laying or dust-absorbing
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/30Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds
    • A01G24/35Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing synthetic organic compounds containing water-absorbing polymers

Abstract

The present invention discloses one kind and sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material and preparation method thereof, wherein, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster includes by weight percentage:Stalk and/or timber 85~95%;Remainder includes water-soluble high-molecular compound, adhesive, talcum powder, additive.The fibrous material adhesive force of sowing grass seeds by duster that technical solution of the present invention is provided is stronger, can be securely attached on domatic, so as to enormously simplify process of sowing grass seeds by duster, shorten construction period.

Description

Sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to spray seeding technique field, more particularly to one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
It is highway, building, mining site, refuse landfill, outdoor with the development and the continuous improvement of people's living standard of society The infrastructure constructions such as stockyard are constantly accelerated, thus occur in that substantial amounts of high gradient slope, exposed slight slope etc..If these side slopes are not Can effectively it be protected in time, it is likely that cause the problems such as slope failure, soil erosion, desertification, environmental pollution.
At present, side slope protection is usually to realize that large area is afforested using the method for alien earth sparging.Alien earth sparging is generally selected The external soil such as loess, Nutrition Soil, fermentation soil (also known as soil moved in improve the original) is used as material of sowing grass seeds by duster.But, it is attached due to the material of sowing grass seeds by duster Put forth effort poor, so being fixed on firstly the need of holdfast by certain spacing on domatic, then hang steel wire or high strength plastics net, Substantial amounts of fluid stopping baffle plate is inserted in mesh again, prevents the mud sowed grass seeds by duster from trickling.Secondly, external soil and water are mixed into mud Slurry, the domatic certain thickness mud layer of formation is sprayed onto by spray seeder in batches.Finally, then by external soil, water-loss reducer, viscous Mixture, grass seeds, agricultural chemicals etc. are mixed into slurry with water, are sprayed onto by spray seeder on mud layer.Therefore, sprayed using existing soil moved in improve the original Broadcasting method, working procedure is cumbersome, and construction period is longer, it is impossible to meet the fast-developing requirement in market.
The content of the invention
The main object of the present invention is to propose that one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, and the fibrous material adhesive force of sowing grass seeds by duster is stronger, from And process of sowing grass seeds by duster is enormously simplify, shorten construction period.
To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes that one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, by weight percentage, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster Including:Stalk and/or timber 85~95%;Remainder includes water-soluble high-molecular compound, adhesive, talcum powder, addition Agent.
It is preferred that, one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, by weight percentage, including:Stalk and/or timber 85~95%;It is water-soluble Property high-molecular compound 0.05~5.0%;Adhesive 1.0~3.0%;Talcum powder 1.0~5.0%;Additive 0.001~ 0.2%.
It is preferred that, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster also includes food coloring, and the percentage by weight of the food coloring is 0.0005~0.01%.
It is preferred that, one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, by weight percentage, including:Stalk and/or timber 90~95%;Fiber Plain macromolecule 2.0~3.0%;Food coloring 0.005~0.01%;Adhesive 1.0~3.0%;Talcum powder 1.0~2.0%;Table Face activating agent 0.1~0.2%.
It is preferred that, the stalk includes cotton stalk, peanut seedling, soybean stalk, straw, broomcorn straw, maize straw, piemarker Fiber crops, reed, any of melon seedling, straw, peanut shell or its combination, the raw material of the timber includes willow, pine tree, structure Tree, birch, Chinese fir, Chinese parasol tree tree, one kind in willow or its combination.
It is preferred that, the talcum powder is food grade talcum powder, and the fineness of the food grade talcum powder is 500 mesh~1250 Mesh.
It is preferred that, the water-soluble high-molecular compound includes starch family macromolecule, cellulosic polymer, natural plant gum, melon That glue, animal glue, CMS, acetic starch, hydroxymethyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl One kind of methylcellulose or its combination.
It is preferred that, described adhesive includes one kind or its combination in starch, dextrin, polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose.
It is preferred that, the additive is included in water-loss reducer, surfactant, foam reducing composition, animal repellant, reinforcing agent A kind of or its combination.
The present invention also proposes a kind of preparation method for fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, and comprises the following steps:
Stalk and/or timber are cleaned, crushed or cut into slices;
It will crush or the stalk and/or timber of section dyed;
Stalk and/or timber after dyeing is placed in quickly cooling after being dried at 90 DEG C~270 DEG C, makes its expanded;
Expanded stalk and/or timber are mixed with talcum powder, high molecular weight water soluble polymer, adhesive, additive, heat Mill is scattered, and fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is made.
What technical solution of the present invention was provided sows grass seeds by duster fibrous material using stalk and/or timber as fiber raw material, adds water Solubleness high molecular compound, adhesive improve the viscosity of the fiber raw material so that the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster have compared with Strong adhesive force, can be securely attached on domatic, while the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster also has preferable water-retaining property, can carry For the moisture required for plant growth.Make the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster that there is chromatic colour in addition, adding food coloring, so that The personnel of sowing grass seeds by duster can be enable to recognize the drop point of the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is improved on domatic distribution ground with this Uniformity.
Embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described implementation Example is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, this area is general The every other embodiment that logical technical staff is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to what the present invention was protected Scope.
In addition, the technical scheme between each embodiment can be combined with each other, but must be with ordinary skill Personnel can be implemented as basis, when the combination appearance of technical scheme is conflicting or can not realize it will be understood that this technical side The combination of case is not present, also not within the protection domain of application claims.
The present invention proposes one kind and sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, available for slope protection greening.Specifically, the fibrous material work of sowing grass seeds by duster For carrier, sticky moderate slurry is mixed to form with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc., the mixture slurry can be formed on soil property surface The coating that one adhesive force is strong, air permeable humidity retaining is good, so as to drastically increase the germination percentage of vegetable seeds.
The fibrous material in addition, one kind proposed by the present invention is sowed grass seeds by duster, it can also be used to rubbish covering, architectural engineering, wind-proof dust-suppression Deng field.For example, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster can be mixed with shredded paper, bentonite, gypsum, cement etc., the coating of waterproof is formed, is used In fields such as architectural engineering, wind-proof dust-suppressions;The fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster also can be with bentonite, pregelatinized starch, flying dust, deodorant Agent etc. is mixed, and the rubbish for sanitary filling field is covered.
One kind proposed by the present invention is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, and by weight percentage, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster includes:Stalk and/ Or timber 85~95%;Remainder includes water-soluble high-molecular compound, adhesive, talcum powder, additive.
It should be noted that the present invention uses stalk and/or timber as fiber raw material, it is because the fiber raw material Mutually link, vegetable seeds firmly can admittedly be lived, while preferable gas permeability and water-retaining property can also be kept, so that greatly Improve the germination percentage of vegetable seeds.
It is preferred that, one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, and by weight percentage, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster includes:Stalk and/or timber 85~95%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 0.05~5.0%;Adhesive 1.0~3.0%;Talcum powder 1.0~5.0%;Addition Agent 0.001~0.2%.
If the proportion of the stalk and/or timber is too big, the viscosity of the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster can be caused larger, be unfavorable for stirring Mix mixing;If the proportion of the stalk and/or timber is too small, the viscosity of the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster can be caused smaller, be unfavorable for The fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is attached on domatic.
The stalk includes cotton stalk, peanut seedling, soybean stalk, straw, broomcorn straw, maize straw, piemarker, reed Reed, any of melon seedling, straw, peanut shell or its combination.In a preferred embodiment, the stalk is preferably cotton straw Any of stalk, peanut straw, soybean stalk, straw or its combination.
The raw material of timber includes willow, pine tree, paper mulberry, birch, Chinese fir, Chinese parasol tree tree, one kind in willow or its combination. In one preferred embodiment, the raw material of the timber is preferably one kind or its combination in willow or paper mulberry.
Water-soluble high-molecular compound is a kind of high polymer material of strongly hydrophilic, can be dissolve or swell in water and form water Solution or dispersion.Generally, water-soluble high-molecular compound can be divided into water-soluble macromolecule, modified natural polymers, The class of synthetic polymer three.
In the present embodiment, the water-soluble high-molecular compound polymerize including water-soluble macromolecule with modified natural One kind or its combination in thing.Specifically, the viscosity of the water-soluble high-molecular compound is 100~5000mm2/s。
The water-soluble macromolecule includes starch family macromolecule, cellulosic polymer, natural plant gum, guar gum, animal Glue.Wherein, the water-soluble macromolecule is preferably one kind in starch family macromolecule and cellulosic polymer or its combination.
The modified natural polymers include modified starch and modified cellulose.Specifically, the modified starch includes CMS and acetic starch etc., the modified cellulose include hydroxymethyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxy ethyl fiber Element, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose etc..Wherein, the modified cellulose is preferably hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose In one kind or its combination.
Adhesive can be divided into aqueous type adhesive, heat-fusible adhesive, solvent type adhesive etc., here, described adhesive For aqueous type adhesive.Specifically, described adhesive include starch, dextrin, polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose in one kind or It is combined.
It should be noted that the water-soluble high-molecular compound can improve the undulation degree of sowing grass seeds by duster with described adhesive The viscosity of material, so as to improve the adhesive force between fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, and sows grass seeds by duster attached between fibrous material and soil Put forth effort, effectively prevent this sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material from it is domatic it is upper slide.
Talcum powder is white or the attritive powder of off-white color, and its main component is hydrous magnesium silicate.Talcum have lubricity, It is anti-stick, help stream, fire resistance, acid-resisting, insulating properties, fusing point it is high, chemically torpescence, covering power well, softness, good luster, suction The excellent physicochemical characteristics such as attached power is strong.Because the crystal structure of talcum is in stratiform, so talcum is also with special Slip.
Generally, talcum powder can be divided into industrial grade talc powder, food grade talc powder and pharmaceutic-grade talc powder by purposes;Talcum powder It can be divided into high-class product, first-class by physicochemical property to put down, certified products Three Estate.In a preferred embodiment, the talcum powder is preferred For high-class product, the talcum powder is food grade talcum powder, and the fineness of the food grade talcum powder is the mesh of 200 mesh~8000.
Further, the fineness of the food grade talcum powder is preferably the mesh of 500 mesh~1250.Here, due to talcum powder not Water is dissolved in, if the proportion of the talcum powder is too big, is easily reunited, is unfavorable for the equal of the talcum powder and fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster Even mixing.
The additive include water-loss reducer, surfactant, foam reducing composition, animal repellant, one kind in reinforcing agent or It is combined.
Wherein, the water-loss reducer is mainly used in soil moisturizing of arid area etc., and the surfactant is mainly used in changing Compatibility between each component of the kind fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, the foam reducing composition is mainly used in making the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster Each component between mix evenly and do not produce bubble, the animal repellant is mainly used in preventing animal from eating vegetable seeds Fall, the reinforcing agent (such as polypropylene fibre) is mainly used in strengthening the pulling force of the fibrous material on domatic of sowing grass seeds by duster, and prevents spray Fibrous material is broadcast to slide from domatic.
It is understood that the additive also includes borax, root-inducing powder etc..The borax can be as emulsifying agent, can be with Described sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material and vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer etc. is set to mix evenly.The effect of the root-inducing powder is can to improve plant The survival rate of seed.
What technical solution of the present invention was provided sows grass seeds by duster fibrous material using stalk and/or timber as fiber raw material, adds water Solubleness high molecular compound, adhesive improve the viscosity of the fiber raw material so that the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster have compared with Strong adhesive force, can be securely attached on domatic, while the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster also has preferable water-retaining property, can carry For the moisture required for plant growth.In addition, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster easily is hydrolyzed into slurry, it is easy to spraying, and ought be somebody's turn to do Sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material slurry solidification after can form tough and tensile coating, the coating can prevent erosion.It is described to sow grass seeds by duster Fibrous material also has longer degradation cycle, can be degraded to fertile soil after the vegetable seeds growth sowed grass seeds by duster, think plant Growth provides nutrient.
In a preferred embodiment, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster also includes food coloring, the weight hundred of the food coloring Divide than being 0.0005~0.01%.
Food coloring is one kind of pigment, by people's proper amount of edible food can be made to change original face to a certain extent The food additives of color.In the present embodiment, the food coloring is preferably the composition of lemon yellow, sunset yellow and light blue.Tool Body, the lemon yellow, the sunset yellow and the light blue prepare au bleu, green or blue-green according to a certain percentage, use Dyed in the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster.
Make the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster that there is chromatic colour here, adding food coloring, so as to enable the personnel of sowing grass seeds by duster The drop point of enough identification fibrous materials of sowing grass seeds by duster, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is improved in domatic distribution ground uniformity with this.
It is preferred that, one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, by weight percentage, including:Stalk and/or timber 90~95%;Talcum Powder 1.0~2.0%;Cellulosic polymer 2.0~3.0%;Food coloring 0.005~0.01%;Adhesive 1.0~3.0%;Table Face activating agent 0.1~0.2%.
Wherein, the preferred peanut seedling of the stalk and straw, the preferred poplar of raw material of the timber.The cellulosic polymer It is preferred that hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose.The preferred guar gum of described adhesive.The surfactant is preferably non-ionic, such as fat Sour polyoxyethylene ester.
Technical scheme is further elaborated below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 85%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 0.05%;Adhesive 1.0%;Talcum powder 5.0%;Additive 0.001%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is cotton stalk, and the raw material of the timber is willow, the water soluble polymer Compound is natural plant gum, and described adhesive is starch, and the additive is surfactant.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to more than 90%, and plant distributions are uniform, but still some places are without plants life It is long.
Embodiment 2:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 90%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 0.1%;Food coloring 0.0005%;Adhesive 1.5%;Talcum powder 4.0%;Additive 0.01%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is peanut straw, and the raw material of the timber is paper mulberry, the water soluble polymer Compound is cellulosic polymer, and described adhesive is dextrin, and the additive is water-loss reducer.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to more than 90%, and plant distributions are more uniform.
Embodiment 3:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 91%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 1.5%;Food coloring 0.001%;Adhesive 3.0%;Talcum powder 3.0%;Additive 0.1%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is soybean stalk, and the raw material of the timber is willow, the water soluble polymer Compound is guar gum, and described adhesive is polyvinyl alcohol, and the additive is foam reducing composition.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to more than 90%, and plant distributions are more uniform.
Embodiment 4:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 92%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 2.5%;Food coloring 0.005%;Adhesive 2.5%;Talcum powder 2.0%;Additive 0.15%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is straw, and the raw material of the timber is willow and paper mulberry, the water-soluble high score Sub- compound is hydroxymethyl cellulose, and described adhesive is carboxymethyl cellulose, and the additive is animal repellant.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to more than 95%, and plant distributions are more uniform.
Embodiment 5:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 95%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 3.0%;Food coloring 0.01%;Adhesive 2.0%;Talcum powder 1.0%;Additive 0.2%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is cotton stalk, and the raw material of the timber is willow, the water soluble polymer Compound is carboxymethyl cellulose, and described adhesive is starch and dextrin, and the additive is reinforcing agent.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to more than 95%, and plant distributions are more uniform.
Embodiment 6:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 87%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 5.0%;Food coloring 0.004%;Adhesive 2.0%;Talcum powder 2.0%;Additive 0.005%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is peanut seedling, and the raw material of the timber is willow, the water soluble polymer Compound is hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and described adhesive is starch, and the additive is surfactant.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to more than 90%, and plant distributions are more uniform.
Comparative example 1:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 97%;Adhesive 0.5%;Talcum powder 0.5%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is cotton stalk, and the raw material of the timber is willow, the water soluble polymer Polymer is cellulosic polymer, and described adhesive is starch, and the additive is surfactant.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to 85% or so, and plant distributions are uneven.
Comparative example 2:
One kind is sowed grass seeds by duster fibrous material, including the percentage by weight of following components and each component is respectively:Stalk and/or timber 80%;High molecular weight water soluble polymer 0.3%;Food coloring 0.02%;Adhesive 3.5%;Talcum powder 5.5%;Additive 0.3%.
In the present embodiment, the stalk is peanut seedling, and the raw material of the timber is paper mulberry, the water soluble polymer Compound is hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, and described adhesive is dextrin, and the additive is reinforcing agent.
As a result find, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present embodiment is as carrier, with vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. It is mixed into after slurry sows grass seeds by duster, emergence rate is up to 85% or so, and plant distributions are uneven.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method for fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, for preparing above-mentioned fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster.Should Preparation method comprises the following steps:
Stalk and/or timber are cleaned, crushed or cut into slices;
It will crush or the stalk and/or timber of section dyed;
Quickly cooling after being dried at a temperature of stalk and/or timber after dyeing is placed in into 90 DEG C~270 DEG C, makes its expanded;
Expanded stalk and/or timber are mixed with talcum powder, high molecular weight water soluble polymer, adhesive, additive, heat Mill is scattered, and fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is made.
, will be described using food coloring in the step of stalk and/or timber by crushing or section is dyed Fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster dyes green.
It is understood that in the step of stalk and/or timber by crushing or section is dyed, can also adopt The fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is dyed into blueness or blue-green with food coloring.
Specifically, the food coloring is the composition of lemon yellow, sunset yellow and light blue.
In above-mentioned preparation method, using food coloring will sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material dye green, blueness or blue-green, profit The fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster equably is sprayed onto on domatic in the personnel of sowing grass seeds by duster, so that being uniformly distributed beneficial to vegetable seeds.
It should be noted that using the present invention provide sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material when, it is only necessary to by this sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material with Vegetable seeds, chemical fertilizer, water etc. are mixed into slurry, then are uniformly sprayed at mixture slurry on domatic using spray seeder, mixture slurry Thickness range be 3mm-20mm.Therefore, compared with existing alien earth sparging method, the undulation degree of sowing grass seeds by duster provided using the present invention When material is sowed grass seeds by duster, process of sowing grass seeds by duster can be greatly simplified, construction period is shortened.
In addition, existing alien earth sparging method is due to using the poor soil of adhesive force as material of sowing grass seeds by duster, so needing It is sprayed onto in batch on domatic, and needs just to carry out the sprinkling of next batch after last batch mud desiccation, so such as Fruit runs into rainy weather during sowing grass seeds by duster, then can destroy the mud layer of desiccation, cause to start anew to sow grass seeds by duster.And adopt The fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster provided with the present invention, then can avoid above mentioned problem, so as to further shorten construction period, save Cost.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every at this Under the inventive concept of invention, the equivalent structure transformation made using present specification, or directly/other are used in indirectly Related technical field is included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. The fibrous material 1. one kind is sowed grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that by weight percentage, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster includes:
    Stalk and/or timber 85~95%;
    Remainder includes water-soluble high-molecular compound, adhesive, talcum powder, additive.
  2. 2. fibrous material as claimed in claim 1 of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that by weight percentage, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster Including:
    Stalk and/or timber 85~95%;
    Water-soluble high-molecular compound 0.05~5.0%;
    Adhesive 1.0~3.0%;
    Talcum powder 1.0~5.0%;
    Additive 0.001~0.2%.
  3. 3. fibrous material as claimed in claim 1 of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster also includes edible color Element, the percentage by weight of the food coloring is 0.0005~0.01%.
  4. 4. fibrous material as claimed in claim 1 of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that by weight percentage, the fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster Including:
    Stalk and/or timber 90~95%;
    Cellulosic polymer 2.0~3.0%;
    Food coloring 0.005~0.01%;
    Adhesive 1.0~3.0%;
    Talcum powder 1.0~2.0%;
    Surfactant 0.1~0.2%.
  5. 5. as claimed in claim 1 fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that the stalk includes cotton stalk, peanut seedling, big Beanstalk stalk, straw, broomcorn straw, maize straw, piemarker, reed, any of melon seedling, straw, peanut shell or its combination, The raw material of the timber includes willow, pine tree, paper mulberry, birch, Chinese fir, Chinese parasol tree tree, one kind in willow or its combination.
  6. 6. as claimed in claim 1 fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that the talcum powder is food grade talcum powder, and institute It is the mesh of 500 mesh~1250 to state the fineness of food grade talcum powder.
  7. 7. fibrous material as claimed in claim 1 of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that the water-soluble high-molecular compound includes starch Family macromolecule, cellulosic polymer, natural plant gum, guar gum, animal glue, CMS, acetic starch, hydroxymethyl cellulose, Carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, one kind of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose or its combination.
  8. 8. fibrous material as claimed in claim 1 of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that described adhesive includes starch, dextrin, polyethylene One kind or its combination in alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose.
  9. 9. fibrous material as claimed in claim 1 of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that the additive includes water-loss reducer, surface-active Agent, foam reducing composition, animal repellant, one kind in reinforcing agent or its combination.
  10. 10. a kind of preparation method for fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    Stalk and/or timber are cleaned, crushed or cut into slices;
    It will crush or the stalk and/or timber of section dyed;
    Stalk and/or timber after dyeing is placed in quickly cooling after being dried at 90 DEG C~270 DEG C, makes its expanded;
    Expanded stalk and/or timber are mixed with talcum powder, high molecular weight water soluble polymer, adhesive, additive, defibrator process point Dissipate, fibrous material of sowing grass seeds by duster is made.
CN201710362287.6A 2017-05-19 2017-05-19 Sow grass seeds by duster fibrous material and preparation method thereof Pending CN107034904A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107268645A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-10-20 李建州 A kind of construction method of alien earth sparging base material and Techniques of Ecological Protection in Expressway Side Slope
CN107750894A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-03-06 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of LP blades fiber is sowed grass seeds by duster agent and its preparation method and application
CN107815744A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-03-20 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of ecology bag and a kind of multiple green clothing of rock slope are put
CN108149717A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-12 青岛冠中生态股份有限公司 Artificial clay sealant and its method of sowing grass seeds by duster
CN108409269A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-17 北京建工环境修复股份有限公司 A kind of smell airborne dust for soil pollution place inhibits material and its preparation method and application
CN109181645A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-11 北京五洲蓝田环境科技有限公司 A kind of construction site dust suppressant
CN110463569A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-11-19 铜川市农业科学研究所 Utilize the ecological blanket and preparation method thereof of agriculture and forestry organic waste material preparation
CN110681691A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-14 珞美克斯(北京)科技有限公司 Organic soil conditioning material, preparation method, soil remediation method and matrix
CN110839507A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-28 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Soil-rock mixed slope spray-seeding matrix and preparation method thereof
CN111233380A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-06-05 长安大学 Loess slope surface protection material and preparation and use method thereof
CN111699946A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-25 深圳富达金技术有限公司 Preparation method of novel matrix material for planting lawn on cement wall surface

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107268645A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-10-20 李建州 A kind of construction method of alien earth sparging base material and Techniques of Ecological Protection in Expressway Side Slope
CN107268645B (en) * 2017-08-16 2018-07-31 陕西省三和建设工程有限公司 A kind of construction method of alien earth sparging base material and Techniques of Ecological Protection in Expressway Side Slope
CN107750894A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-03-06 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of LP blades fiber is sowed grass seeds by duster agent and its preparation method and application
CN107815744A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-03-20 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of ecology bag and a kind of multiple green clothing of rock slope are put
CN108149717A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-12 青岛冠中生态股份有限公司 Artificial clay sealant and its method of sowing grass seeds by duster
CN108409269A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-08-17 北京建工环境修复股份有限公司 A kind of smell airborne dust for soil pollution place inhibits material and its preparation method and application
CN109181645A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-11 北京五洲蓝田环境科技有限公司 A kind of construction site dust suppressant
CN110463569A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-11-19 铜川市农业科学研究所 Utilize the ecological blanket and preparation method thereof of agriculture and forestry organic waste material preparation
CN110681691A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-14 珞美克斯(北京)科技有限公司 Organic soil conditioning material, preparation method, soil remediation method and matrix
CN110839507A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-28 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Soil-rock mixed slope spray-seeding matrix and preparation method thereof
CN111233380A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-06-05 长安大学 Loess slope surface protection material and preparation and use method thereof
CN111699946A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-09-25 深圳富达金技术有限公司 Preparation method of novel matrix material for planting lawn on cement wall surface

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