CN107034816A - Road guard-rail cleaning vehicle - Google Patents

Road guard-rail cleaning vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107034816A
CN107034816A CN201710011857.7A CN201710011857A CN107034816A CN 107034816 A CN107034816 A CN 107034816A CN 201710011857 A CN201710011857 A CN 201710011857A CN 107034816 A CN107034816 A CN 107034816A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning brush
cleaning
water
hydraulic
support
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CN201710011857.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107034816B (en
Inventor
伏军
张增峰
张烨
颜飞斌
罗姿
何勇
耿正炜
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邵阳学院
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/005Mobile installations, particularly for upkeeping in situ road or railway furniture, for instance road barricades, traffic signs; Mobile installations particularly for upkeeping tunnel walls

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of road guard-rail cleaning vehicle, the small guard column cleaning vehicle being designed based on tricycle using rational measure, including tricycle, purging system and water circulation system, associative operation is carried out in tricycle driver's cabin by street cleaner, make each system of whole three-wheel Cleaning vehicle for guardrail can be good at coordinating the respective assigned work of completion, and then realize effective cleaning to road guard-rail.It is operationally simple and convenient, and cleaning effect is good, and is difficult to cause secondary pollution to environment, so possessing very big potential sale market.The guardrail in its Neng Dui streets, cell and some particular surroundings is cleaned, while sanitationman's operating efficiency is improved, moreover it is possible to its working strength is reduced, so that sanitationman be freed from numerous and diverse cleaning.

Description

Road guard-rail cleaning vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental sanitation cleaning equipment technical field, especially a kind of road guard-rail cleaning vehicle is mainly used in street The guardrail in road, cell and some particular surroundings is cleaned.
Background technology
With developing rapidly for society, China city, the economy in small towns have also obtained quick development, and are used as connection each The construction of the tie in individual cities and towns --- highway, especially highway is the important indicator as a national economic development. In the case that the constantly improve of domestic roadnet and development and people improve constantly to environmental sanitation job requirement, widely popularize The mechanization of road cleaning has become a kind of inexorable trend.And ever-increasing flow of the people and vehicle flowrate also give guard rail in recent years Cleaning bring no small trouble, flying dust, the increase of house refuse are easily caused during trip and driving, to cities and towns The development of environmental sanitation work brings increasing trouble, causes the cleaning work to town road more and more difficult, especially right The cleaning of roadway guard rail, it is difficult to complete that simple use manpower cleaning, which is,.
As the road guard-rail cleaning vehicle of liberation manpower, its appearance and with being necessarily right, it is to be directed to people Power is difficult to the guard rail cleaned and develops what is designed, mainly by purging system, dynamical system, water storage system and carrier Che Deng principal organ constitutes.One of visual plant as town road cleaning, it has been widely used in town road The cleaning of guard rail, and common manpower cleaning mode is substituted with this, the efficiency of environmental sanitation cleaning is improved, but also The waste of resource can be reduced.
The problem of necessarily facing several inevitable is cleaned to guard rail with manpower:First, required manpower, Material resources amount is very huge;Second, there is difference in varying degrees in the intricate actual road conditions of road, add cleaning difficult Degree;3rd, manpower cleaning efficiency is low, if being cleaned in some main traffic sections using manpower, easily causes traffic jam and clear Slow phenomenon is washed to occur;4th, the instrument used in manpower cleaning process is relatively simple and crude, easily causes the wasting of resources.And with It is upper cited out the problem of be only merely in manpower cleaning process so a part for problem, is effectively to solve these problems, Guard rail cleaning machinery is promoted to be necessary.
Early in the initial stage eighties, manufacturing company of Ford Motor of the U.S. just have developed simple road guard cleaning vehicle, although It is made up of on the whole simple machinery mount and round brush, cleaning performance is not so preferable yet, but this is Cleaning vehicle for guardrail Tremendous progress from scratch, is the first step for freeing people from complicated guardrail cleaning.And after U.S. German Moody's card company is also proposed their cleaning equipment after state, and hydraulic power system is effectively applied to road by them On Cleaning vehicle for guardrail so that the running of cleaning device is more smooth, convenient.It is anti-that Henan Lu Kewei highway machineries company is produced Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, in addition to more beautiful and clean in the configuration design in Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the retracting mode more to cleaning device is done Adjustment, cleaning device can be taken in the compartment in so that the harvesting of cleaning device becomes more to facilitate, this is conducive to cleaning The overall maintenance and management of car, while can be carried out to the movement locus of cleaning brush in the course of the work by self-relocation adjusting means Fine setting, to prevent the phenomenon of the cleaning brush less cleaning position in cleaning process from occurring.
The Cleaning vehicle for guardrail that the country has been listed at present has the characteristics of some are identical:(1)Car body is huge to be needed in being equipped with Small-sized truck class chassis, this is undoubtedly the high big influence factor of production cost;(2)No or few sewage are returned Recycling device is received, this causes sewage directly to residue on the road surface near guardrail, and secondary dirt is easily caused when wagon flow is passed through Dye, and because without sewage recycling device so that having certain waste and work stretch journey is accomplished by stopping with waterborne Only operation carries out moisturizing work;(3)Car body is huge, and necessary flexibility is lacked during washing and cleaning operation, in face of some cells or Working region in campus just can not effectively be cleaned, when running into some special road sections, such as:Turning section and track are compared with narrow lane Section, is equally also difficult to effectively clean it.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of road guard-rail cleaning vehicle, the cleaning vehicle is using tricycle as base Plinth is designed using rational measure and formed, simple to operate, and cleaning effect is good, and is difficult to cause secondary to environment Pollution, while solve so that manpower cleaning guardrail is difficult, inefficiency, and big machinery mobility it is poor the problems such as.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:A kind of road guard-rail cleaning vehicle, it is special Levy and be to include tricycle, purging system and water circulation system, described purging system includes being placed on tricycle rear cabinet chassis Support frame, in the side of support frame the cleaning brush support that can lift is provided with, provided with arranging vertically on cleaning brush support Cleaning brush is constituted, and the both sides and bottom of cleaning brush composition are provided with the semi open model shield for being used for collecting rinse water;Described water is followed Loop system includes the water tank being arranged on chassis, and the delivery port of water tank is connected through clarified water pump with water injector, and water injector is placed in Directly over cleaning brush composition, constituted in cleaning brush and sewage suction pipe is set in the shield of bottom, sewage suction pipe connection sewage pump, cleaning Sewage afterwards enters sewage purification device through effluent filter, and is back in water tank, forms recycling for clean water.
Making further preferred, described cleaning brush composition to such scheme includes horizontally disposed cleaning brush support, cleans Brush support is parallel with tricycle car body, and the screw rod of more than 1, middle part and the cleaning brush support of screw rod are set on cleaning brush support Vertical fixed, cleaning brush can be arranged in the cleaning brush of spinning, two cleaning brush by being respectively provided with the two ends of each screw rod The both sides of support.
It is three to make further preferred, described screw rod to such scheme, three screw rod parallel arrangements, on screw rod two ends Fixed cleaning brush diameter is gradually reduced from the front to the back.
Further preferred is made to such scheme, is connected between described cleaning brush and screw rod by sliding block, sliding block is set in On screw rod, limit spring is connected with the both sides of sliding block, limit spring is sheathed on outside screw rod, and limit spring end and spiral shell Boom end is fixed as one.
Make further preferred, described cleaning brush upper end to such scheme provided with the hydraulic motor for providing its rotary power, The output shaft of hydraulic motor with the rotary shaft of cleaning brush is concentric fixes, the shell of hydraulic motor hangs on sliding block lower surface.
Further preferred is made to such scheme, described cleaning brush support is arranged on support frame side, support frame is located at bottom On disk, support frame includes vertical supporting bar and transverse support bar, chute is set between vertical supporting bar and chassis, in chute The ball axially and radially arranged is set, and transverse support bar is connected with cleaning brush support.
Further preferred is made to such scheme, hydraulic lifting arm is set in described transverse support bar, hydraulic lifting arm with Cleaning brush support is connected, and driving cleaning brush support moves up and down.
Further preferred is made to such scheme, in addition to the hydraulic pressure system of power is provided for hydraulic lifting arm and hydraulic motor System, the hydraulic system includes hydraulic oil container and hydraulic pump, and hydraulic pump provides power by the assistant engine of side, in hydraulic pump and liquid Reversal valve is set on connecting line between pressure elevating lever, hydraulic motor, set on hydraulic lifting arm, the oil return line of hydraulic motor Put counterbalance valve.
Making further preferred, described water injector to such scheme includes being laid in the water-filled pipe inside shield, leads to Sprinkler head is arranged at intervals in water lines, sprinkler head is eight angles of shield, and points to the cleaning brush in shield, in shield It is interior to be provided with the square guard rail for being used for supporting water-filled pipe.
The side wall upper part for making further preferred, described water tank to such scheme sets sewage inlet and water filling after filtering Mouthful, porous stabilier is provided with inside water tank, water tank is internally formed sandwich construction, delivery port is set in water tank lower sidewall.
It is using the beneficial effect produced by above-mentioned technical proposal:
(1)The present invention is the guard rail cleaning vehicle based on tricycle, and large-tonnage is not weighed vehicle body volume, i.e., with especially big Volume advantage;
(2)The present invention is simple to operate when in use, working range is wide, and one is just operable, more convenient relative to large truck, The operation of the car of a people one can be achieved, and because the smaller action of vehicle body is flexible, the place of large-scale cleaning vehicle less cleaning position can be entered Row cleaning, is more suitable for the cleaning of cities and towns guardrail;
(3)Cleaning effect of the present invention is good, and is difficult to cause secondary pollution to environment, so possessing very big potential sale city .The guardrail in its Neng Dui streets, cell and some particular surroundings is cleaned, while sanitationman's operating efficiency is improved, Its working strength can also be reduced, so that sanitationman be freed from numerous and diverse cleaning;
(4)The present invention is with low cost:Tricycle vehicle price is universal in 5000 yuan or so, relative to automobile chassis up to ten thousand easily Want cheaply many;
In summary, the existing large-scale guardrail cleaning equipment of the Cleaning vehicle for guardrail reequiped with tricycle designed by the present invention possesses Various advantages, while possessing the unexistent advantage of large-scale cleaning equipment again, compared with following cleaning market complicated and changeable Say that its advantage becomes apparent from.Its Neng Dui street, cell, campus and the inconvenient region of large-scale guardrail cleaning equipment cleaning carry out clear Wash, and the cleaning to highway barrier can also reach that the cleaning effect of large-scale cleaning equipment is even better than its cleaning reached and imitated Really.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the vehicle general assembly front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 left view;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 top view;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of purging system;
Fig. 5 is cleaning brush composition structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the planar structure schematic diagram of support frame;
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram of support frame;
Fig. 8 is water circulation system schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is effluent cycle system composition schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is the composition schematic diagram of hydraulic system;
Figure 11 is water system and nozzle layout of sprinkler position view;
Figure 12 is cisten mechanism schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of sliding block;
In figure:1st, sewage purification device, 2, water supply pump, 3, water tank, 4, hydraulic pump, 6, transfer device, 7, gearbox, 8, driving cog Wheel, 9, sewage pump, 10, support frame, 11, purging system, 12, tricycle, 13, chassis, 14, stop nut, 15, cleaning brush, 16, Limit spring, 17, sliding block, 18, hydraulic motor, 19, screw rod, 20, vertical supporting bar, 21, ball, 22, chute, 23, clarified water pump, 24th, water injector;25th, lower fluid chamber, 26, upper fluid chamber, 27, counterbalance valve, 28, assistant engine, 29, reversal valve, 30, liquid Press pump, 31, hydraulic oil container, 32, sprinkler head, 33, guard rail;11-1, sewage suction pipe, 11-2, cleaning brush composition, 11-3, shield Cover, 11-4, effluent filter, 11-6, cleaning brush support, 11-7, transverse support bar, 11-8, hydraulic lifting arm;3-1, sewage enter Mouthful, 3-2, water filling port, 3-3, porous stabilier, 3-4, delivery port.
Embodiment
The present invention is further detailed explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Present invention relates particularly to a kind of road guard-rail cleaning vehicle, it is to be entered based on tricycle using rational measure The small guard column cleaning vehicle that row is designed.The present invention be in order to solve so that manpower cleaning guardrail is difficult, inefficiency, and The problems such as big machinery mobility is poor and put forward.
Accompanying drawing 1-3 is guard bar washing device vehicle schematic diagram, and it is by including tricycle 12, purging system 11 and water circulation system System, carries out associative operation in tricycle driver's cabin by street cleaner, enables each system of whole three-wheel Cleaning vehicle for guardrail Coordinate well and complete respective assigned work, and then realize effective cleaning to road guard-rail.As shown in Figure 4, clean System 11 includes the support frame 10 being placed on the rear cabinet chassis 13 of tricycle 12, clear provided with what can be lifted in the side of support frame 10 Support 11-6 is scrubbed, provided with the cleaning brush composition 11-2 arranged vertically on cleaning brush support 11-6, cleaning brush composition 11-2's Both sides and bottom are provided with the semi open model shield 11-3 for being used for collecting rinse water, and cleaning brush composition 11-2 is supplied by water circulation system Clear water, realizes the cleaning to guardrail.
Such as the structural representation that accompanying drawing 4 is purging system, when the cleaning vehicle works, start engine first, pass through transfer Power is transferred to support frame 10 by device 6, then is driven by travelling gear 8, support frame 10 is moved to the right;When cleaning brush composition When 11-2 moves to operating position, switching engine power output, hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 starts to lift the height of cleaning brush 15, Adjust and hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 is put down behind operating position, make cleaning brush 15 in place;Start water circulation system to constitute for cleaning brush 11-2 supplies clear water, and washing moisturizing cleansing is carried out to guard rail.
Such as the cleaning brush of accompanying drawing 5 composition structural representation, cleaning brush composition 11-2 includes horizontally disposed cleaning brush support 11- 6, cleaning brush support 11-6 are parallel with the car body of tricycle 12, and 3 screw rods 19, three screw rods 19 are set on cleaning brush support 11-6 Parallel arrangement, the middle part of screw rod 19 is vertical with cleaning brush support 11-6 to be fixed, and being respectively provided with the two ends of each screw rod 19 can be certainly The cleaning brush 15 of rotation, two cleaning brush 15 are arranged in cleaning brush support 11-6 both sides, fixed on the two ends of screw rod 19 The diameter of cleaning brush 15 be gradually reduced from the front to the back, guardrail can successively be cleaned.It is also designed to first and second group of work Brush(Greatly)Power, which is provided, by hydraulic motor 18 carries out cleaning, the 3rd group of work brush(It is small)Power is not provided as driven brush Source, it is to do the later stage to guard rail simply to remove water process that it, which is acted on,.
In figure 5 it can be seen that, connected between cleaning brush 15 and screw rod 19 by sliding block 17, sliding block 17 is set in screw rod On 19, limit spring 16 is connected with the both sides of sliding block 17, limit spring 16 is sheathed on outside screw rod 19, and limit spring 16 End is fixed as one with the end of screw rod 19.Such design, the mainly section in view of having are done to cleaning brush support 11-6 Can occur clump suddenly or other width are far longer than the object of guard rail local width and occurred, when running into this kind of barrier When, the working width of cleaning brush 15 can be manually adjusted without stopping, and pass through work brush by the elastic force of limit spring 16 Sliding block 17 and move out, it is to avoid cleaning brush 15 and barrier rigid contact and cause to be damaged or worn out aggravation, so as to reduce clear Scrub 15 normal service life.Acted on after cleaning brush 15 clears the jumps, and by the elastic force of limit spring 16, make cleaning brush 15, which return to normal operation position, is operated.Do such structure design and be also an advantage that being exactly can be without otherwise designed The circumvention device of cleaning brush 15, because the investigation to real work situation can be passed through(Such as work and what obstacle occurs on section Thing), and the suitable elastic force of limit spring 16 is designed, and according to actual conditions by the adjustment to stop nut 14, adjust spacing The elastic force of spring 16, to ensure the transverse movement scope of cleaning brush 15, so as to avoid cleaning brush 15 and barrier in the course of work Thing is hindered to do rigid contact.
Sewage is got rid of to the shield 11-3 of cleaning brush 15 by centrifugal force when cleaning brush 15 works, and passes through sewage suction pipe Sewage is recycled to sewage purification device 1 and does purified treatment by 11-1.Present design, utilizes spring force effect, can cleverly it cross Some barriers encountered in cleaning process, simultaneously as it has supports main shaft, the axle is connected as skeleton with support arm, So can be using its architectural characteristic as oriention benchmark axle, can be as positioning when running into guard rail vacancy Benchmark, by observing, it is alignd with guardrail just can be in the case where cleaning device adjust accurately by guardrail to entering pair Between the cleaning brush 15 put.By the way that using supports main shaft as positioning datum, street cleaner just can be after contraposition exercise several times, skillfully Guardrail and cleaning brush 15 are aligned into success, it is so not only simple to operate, and also avoid and install guide mechanism additional, it is whole mitigating Cost is also a saving while car load-bearing.
The structure of sliding block 17 in the present invention is one of most important part in whole purging system, and its structure design is determined Determine the feasibility of whole cleaning brush system motion, while its structure also has an impact to the use intensity of support, therefore in design During outstanding two schemes it is for selection.Scheme 1:As depicted in fig. 13 a, slider designs are T-shaped, and cylindricality is designed with sliding block Spring holder, to coordinate T-shaped slider support sleeve to need to be designed to interior T-shaped hollow out shape, i.e., sliding block 17 is in bracket sleeve tube Slide and promote sliding block 17 to drive the transverse movement of cleaning brush 15 by the elastic force of limit spring 16;Scheme 2:As illustrated in fig. 13b, sliding block 17 are designed as annular sleeve, then only need to the screw rod 19 in cleaning brush system being designed as smooth cylinder, pass through The elastic force of limit spring 16 promotes ring-like sliding block 17 to drive cleaning brush 15 to do transverse movement.Two schemes are contrasted it can be found that scheme 2 Difficulty of processing is smaller, and easily meets use intensity, therefore selects the sliding block 17 and support Design mode of scheme 2.
Equally, it is cost-effective, spy does optimization design to the structure of support frame 10, and uses the transmission of travelling gear 8 as branch The power input mode of support 10, it is simply many that the structure design compares the support frame occurred in the market.The He of accompanying drawing 6 7 be the structural representation of support frame 10, and support frame 10 includes vertical supporting bar 20 and transverse support bar 11-7, in vertical supporting bar Chute 22 is set between 20 and chassis 13, the ball 21 axially and radially arranged, transverse support bar 11-7 are set in chute 22 Upper setting hydraulic lifting arm 11-8, hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 are connected with cleaning brush support 11-6, on driving cleaning brush support 11-6 Lower motion.
The kinematic pair of support frame 10 is divided into major and minor two parts, and secondary support movements pair is fixed, with Platform for tricycle bottom Disk 13 is fixed, moves drive cleaning device by vertical supporting bar 20 and does between transverse movement, major and minor kinematic pair using relative The motion mode of slip, i.e., by installing the sliding bar of smooth cylindrical type additional between kinematic pair, make main motion pair realize laterally Motion.Out reach and position restriction control for support frame 10, can install unidirectional spacing spring catch additional between kinematic pair, when When the outreach of support frame 10 meets job requirement size, by unidirectional spacer pin by its it is stuck prevent it overhanging from continuing, when The characteristic that can be reversely passed through by unidirectional spacer pin during end-of-job is reclaimed to support frame 10.Set on transverse support bar 11-7 Hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 is put, its hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 operation principles:When support frame 10 moves to specified location, by driving The control button of room starts hydraulic system, to hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 bottoms grease chamber input hydraulic pressure oil, promotes hydraulic lifting arm 11- 8 rise, while hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 rises above hydraulic oil in grease chamber be back to hydraulic oil container, with should hydraulic pressure work Stopper rod declines, above grease chamber injection hydraulic oil, below in grease chamber hydraulic oil flow back to fuel tank.
Accompanying drawing 8 and 9 is water circulation system and effluent cycle system schematic, be can see with reference to accompanying drawing 3, water circulation system Including the water tank 3 being arranged on chassis 13, the delivery port 3-4 of water tank 3 is connected through clarified water pump 23 with water injector 24, water injector 24 are placed in directly over cleaning brush composition 11-2, constituted in cleaning brush and sewage suction pipe 11-1 is set in the shield 11-3 of 11-2 bottoms, Sewage suction pipe 11-1 connections sewage pump 9, the sewage after cleaning enters sewage purification device 1 through effluent filter 11-4, and is back to In water tank 3, recycling for clean water is formed.Water circle device is opened, by the sewage collected by shield 11-3 by sewage suction pipe 11-1 sucks back effluent filter 11-4, the sewage transport recovery tank 3 after filtration, purification, it becomes possible to realize that sewage was reclaimed Filter, the effect reused;Finally start cleaning vehicle and carry out cleaning.Effluent cycle system is a set of easy effluent cycle Processing unit, by the processing such as being reclaimed, being filtered to the sewage that cleaning brush 15 is thrown away, then again will it is treated after sewage lead Enter the effect that water tank 3 is recycled to reach, not only can be with using water wisely, it is to avoid the waste of water resource, cleaning can also be extended The working time of car, the operating efficiency for improving cleaning vehicle.
Such as the composition schematic diagram that accompanying drawing 10 is hydraulic system, hydraulic system is that hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 and hydraulic motor 18 are carried For power, the hydraulic system includes hydraulic oil container 31 and hydraulic pump 30, provides dynamic by the assistant engine 28 of side in hydraulic pump 30 Reversal valve 29 is set on power, the connecting line between hydraulic pump 30 and hydraulic lifting arm 11-8, hydraulic motor 18, in hydraulic pressure liter Counterbalance valve 27 is set on drop bar 11-8, the oil return line of hydraulic motor 18.
Only existed in the present invention two places need to use hydraulic system provide power, i.e. the power input of cleaning brush 15 and Hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 lifting works.Because cleaning need to could be carried out after cleaning brush device work, therefore at cleaning brush 15 Hydraulic motor 18 and hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 working time are staggered, i.e. hydraulic pressure rod member work completion rear hydraulic motor 18 is just opened Beginning work, so this can provide power at two using same set of hydraulic means, as long as and kinetic parameter meets its larger side i.e. Can.Hydraulic motor 18 staggers with the hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 working times, so reversal valve 29 need to be added in hydraulic circuit, passes through Reversal valve 29 controls to move when hydraulic motor 18 is different from hydraulic lifting arm 11-8, and in order to ensure that hydraulic lifting arm 11-8 exists Will not occur declining shake suddenly because of Action of Gravity Field in the course of work, counterbalance valve 27 need to be added in lifting rods circuit.
As shown in Figure 11, water injector 24 includes being laid in the water-filled pipe 34 inside shield 11-3, water-filled pipe 34 Upper interval setting sprinkler head 32, sprinkler head 32 is shield 11-3 eight angles, and points to the cleaning brush in shield 11-3 15, the square guard rail 33 for being used for supporting water-filled pipe 34 is provided with shield 11-3.Position cloth at 8 angles of cleaning brush cover 8 sprinkler heads 32 are put, the water exported by water supply pump 2 to water tank 3 pressurizes, spray of then being sprayed water with high pressure again by 8 First 32 are ejected on guardrail, the moistening work before being cleaned to guard rail.Because the general height of guard rail 1000 ~ 1200mm it Between, therefore arrange that basic guarantee can be to the whole of clean surface in diagonally opposing corner by the shower nozzle 32 that sprayed water with high pressure each 4 of guardrail both sides Covering, and being arranged so as to sprinkler head 32 can be such that clear water is effectively sprayed on guardrail, and the clear water beyond guardrail area is then Clear water can be thus not only avoid because of water spray because the spray angle influence for the shower nozzle 32 that sprays water with high pressure is sprayed on cleaning brush 15 Pressure excessive spray is caused to waste beyond cleaning region, moreover it is possible to cleaning brush 15 is cleaned using the unnecessary clear water of ejection, from And the cleaning effect of cleaning device is greatly improved, the actual arrangement angle of certain sprinkler head 15 need to be carried out according to actual condition Arrangement.
As shown in Figure 12, water tank 3 is that cleaning vehicle supplies water and water storage, and the side wall upper part of water tank 3 sets the sewage after filtering Entrance 3-1 and water filling port 3-2, delivery port 3-4 is set in the lower sidewall of water tank 3.Size need to be according to cleaning vehicle compartment remaining space And actual load-carrying weight confirms.It is not quickly, and to be not in the course of the work without cause specific in view of speed Emergency brake phenomenon, the impact that water is caused in casing is smaller, and water tank 3 can be designed as to rectangular shape, such maximizing profit Use remaining space.To prevent water free movement in water tank 3, and the steady operation of water system is influenceed, can be designed in water tank 3 Porous current stabilization screen 3-3, makes water tank 3 be internally formed sandwich construction, to reduce the impact that water sport is caused to water system in case.
The specific basic demand of the present invention is provided as follows shown in table:
(1)The present invention is the guard rail cleaning vehicle design based on tricycle, therefore the requirement to tricycle is not too much high, only needs Less repacking is carried out just to its vehicle body and trunk, i.e., loading body be removed;
(2)Because cleaning bristle is standard fitting, the design to cleaning brush is mainly reflected in the assembling of its structure and its moved In mode, and reasonable design is made to its mandrel size;
(3)Cleaning vehicle traveling speed size should be defined by the actual road conditions of there and then, only do idealization analysis to it here, If speed is 3 ~ 6km/h during its work, guardrail cleaning surface average height is 1000mm, and vehicle body is to guard rail distance in the course of work Should be between 500 ~ 700mm;
(4)Assistant engine stable working, power is suitable, and the noise of generation is smaller;
(5)Sewage circulation unit can be effectively utilized, Cleaning vehicle for guardrail whole work efficiency is improved, the working time is saved and reduces water The waste of resource;
(6)It is required that guard bar washing device integrally wants simple to operate understandable, the skilled palm of sanitationman quickly can be allowed by study Hold operation skill;
(7)It is required that guard rail cleaning vehicle vehicle mechanical efficiency is high, basically reaching can practice effect;
(8)It is required that guard rail cleaning vehicle complete vehicle quality is smaller, mobility is good, but structural strength must is fulfilled for actual requirement;
(9)There is corresponding safety protecting mechanism, the effect of protection operating personnel's safety can be played;
(10)Cleaning vehicle entire vehicle design manufacturing cost should not be too high, and makes simple analysis to its economic feasibility.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of road guard-rail cleaning vehicle, it is characterised in that including tricycle(12), purging system(11)And water circulation system, Described purging system(11)Including being placed in tricycle(12)Rear cabinet chassis(13)On support frame(10), in support frame(10)'s Side is provided with the cleaning brush support that can be lifted(11-6), in cleaning brush support(11-6)Provided with the cleaning brush group arranged vertically Into(11-2), cleaning brush composition(11-2)Both sides and bottom be provided with and be used to collect the semi open model shield of rinse water(11-3); Described water circulation system includes being arranged at chassis(13)On water tank(3), water tank(3)Delivery port(3-4)Through clarified water pump (23)With water injector(24)Connection, water injector(24)It is placed in cleaning brush composition(11-2)Surface, in cleaning brush composition (11-2)The shield of bottom(11-3)Interior setting sewage suction pipe(11-1), sewage suction pipe(11-1)Connect sewage pump(9), after cleaning Sewage through effluent filter(11-4)Into sewage purification device(1), and it is back to water tank(3)In, form the circulation of clean water Utilize.
2. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cleaning brush composition(11-2)Bag Include horizontally disposed cleaning brush support(11-6), cleaning brush support(11-6)With tricycle(12)Car body is parallel, in cleaning brush branch Frame(11-6)It is upper that the screw rod of more than 1 is set(19), screw rod(19)Middle part and cleaning brush support(11-6)It is vertical fixed, every Individual screw rod(19)Be respectively provided with can be with the cleaning brush of spinning at two ends(15), two cleaning brush(15)It is arranged in cleaning brush branch Frame(11-6)Both sides.
3. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described screw rod(19)For three, three Individual screw rod(19)Parallel arrangement, in screw rod(19)Fixed cleaning brush on two ends(15)Diameter is gradually reduced from the front to the back.
4. the road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:Described cleaning brush(15)With spiral shell Bar(19)Between pass through sliding block(17)Connection, sliding block(17)It is set in screw rod(19)On, in sliding block(17)Both sides connection it is limited Position spring(16), limit spring(16)It is sheathed on screw rod(19)Outside, and limit spring(16)End and screw rod(19)End It is fixed as one.
5. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described cleaning brush(15)Upper end is provided with The hydraulic motor of its rotary power is provided(18), hydraulic motor(18)Output shaft and cleaning brush(15)Rotary shaft it is solid with one heart It is fixed, hydraulic motor(18)Shell hang on sliding block(17)Lower surface.
6. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described cleaning brush support(11-6)If Put in support frame(10)Side, support frame(10)Positioned at chassis(13)On, support frame(10)Including vertical supporting bar(20)And horizontal stroke To support bar(11-7), in vertical supporting bar(20)With chassis(13)Between chute is set(22), in chute(22)Interior setting axle To the ball with radial arrangement(21), transverse support bar(11-7)With cleaning brush support(11-6)Connection.
7. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Described transverse support bar(11-7)On Hydraulic lifting arm is set(11-8), hydraulic lifting arm(11-8)With cleaning brush support(11-6)Connection, drives cleaning brush support (11-6)Move up and down.
8. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Also include being hydraulic lifting arm(11-8) And hydraulic motor(18)The hydraulic system of power is provided, the hydraulic system includes hydraulic oil container(31)And hydraulic pump(30), hydraulic pressure Pump(30)Assistant engine by side(28)Power is provided, in hydraulic pump(30)With hydraulic lifting arm(11-8), hydraulic motor (18)Between connecting line on reversal valve is set(29), in hydraulic lifting arm(11-8), hydraulic motor(18)Oil return line on Counterbalance valve is set(27).
9. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Described water injector(24)Including cloth It is located at shield(11-3)Internal water-filled pipe(34), water-filled pipe(34)Upper interval setting sprinkler head(32), sprinkler head (32)For shield(11-3)Eight angles, and point to shield(11-3)Interior cleaning brush(15), in shield(11-3)Inside it is provided with For supporting water-filled pipe(34)Square guard rail(33).
10. road guard-rail cleaning vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described water tank(3)Side wall upper part Sewage inlet after filtering is set(3-1)And water filling port(3-2), in water tank(3)Inside is provided with porous stabilier(3-3), make water Case(3)Sandwich construction is internally formed, in water tank(3)Lower sidewall sets delivery port(3-4).
CN201710011857.7A 2017-01-08 2017-01-08 Road protective fence cleaning vehicle Active CN107034816B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108396699A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-08-14 黎英杰 A kind of town road protective fence high efficiency washing vehicle
CN109183689A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-11 房思群 A kind of municipal administration vehicle-mounted road guard bar washing device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2773163Y (en) * 2005-02-25 2006-04-19 李庆华 Cleaner of rail for road
KR100700130B1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2007-03-28 임영빈 Cleanning vechile for guardrail
CN200995201Y (en) * 2006-09-26 2007-12-26 游谊生 Traffic sweeper for guarding rail
CN201665844U (en) * 2010-04-07 2010-12-08 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Guardrail cleaning device
CN204325982U (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 钟良 Road traffic isolation guardrail cleaning machine
CN205116076U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-03-30 邹平县公路管理局 Highway guardrail washs car
CN206418440U (en) * 2017-01-08 2017-08-18 邵阳学院 Road guard-rail cleaning vehicle

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2773163Y (en) * 2005-02-25 2006-04-19 李庆华 Cleaner of rail for road
KR100700130B1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2007-03-28 임영빈 Cleanning vechile for guardrail
CN200995201Y (en) * 2006-09-26 2007-12-26 游谊生 Traffic sweeper for guarding rail
CN201665844U (en) * 2010-04-07 2010-12-08 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Guardrail cleaning device
CN204325982U (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 钟良 Road traffic isolation guardrail cleaning machine
CN205116076U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-03-30 邹平县公路管理局 Highway guardrail washs car
CN206418440U (en) * 2017-01-08 2017-08-18 邵阳学院 Road guard-rail cleaning vehicle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108396699A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-08-14 黎英杰 A kind of town road protective fence high efficiency washing vehicle
CN109183689A (en) * 2018-11-07 2019-01-11 房思群 A kind of municipal administration vehicle-mounted road guard bar washing device

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