CN107032811A - A kind of coke oven low iron low-aluminum mullite brick and preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of coke oven low iron low-aluminum mullite brick and preparation method Download PDF

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CN107032811A
CN107032811A CN201710368659.6A CN201710368659A CN107032811A CN 107032811 A CN107032811 A CN 107032811A CN 201710368659 A CN201710368659 A CN 201710368659A CN 107032811 A CN107032811 A CN 107032811A
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granularity
calcined kaolin
low
coke oven
brick
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CN107032811B (en
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徐国涛
盛军波
冯强
杨帆
陈胜春
张洪雷
刘黎
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Wuhan Iron and Steel Co Ltd
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/66Monolithic refractories or refractory mortars, including those whether or not containing clay
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/50Constituents or additives of the starting mixture chosen for their shape or used because of their shape or their physical appearance
    • C04B2235/54Particle size related information
    • C04B2235/5418Particle size related information expressed by the size of the particles or aggregates thereof
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/50Constituents or additives of the starting mixture chosen for their shape or used because of their shape or their physical appearance
    • C04B2235/54Particle size related information
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/72Products characterised by the absence or the low content of specific components, e.g. alkali metal free alumina ceramics

Abstract

A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and wt% are:Granularity is more than 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40‑60%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:8 ~ 15%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15~35%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders:5~15%;Methylcellulose:0.1‑3%;And added water by the 1 3.5% of above-mentioned raw materials gross weight.Preparation process:By each raw material mixed powder;Add water and be well mixed;Extrusion forming, drying are fired.The present invention can reduce the absorption of dust in coke oven regenerator, infiltration, reaction, it is to avoid deformation, foaming in use, and heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics can be made to recycle number of times under 1000 DEG C of water coolings be not less than 20 times, and refractoriness under load is not less than 1400 DEG C.Through on probation in 7.63 meters of coke ovens, do not occurred over-emitting black exhaust, the abnormal phenomenon of furnace temperature so far.

Description

A kind of coke oven low iron low-aluminum mullite brick and preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of metallurgical furnace kiln refractory and preparation method, particularly belong to a kind of for coking industry Coke oven regenerator refractory material and other regenerator lattice brick refractory materials and preparation method.
Background technology
The usage cycles of coke oven are all longer, even up to upper ten year having.In existing coke oven, coke oven regenerator work Layer typically uses clay brick, semi-silica brick, silica brick, and it belongs to ripe refractory products.Therefore, people often ignore Performance and application study to refractory material used in coke oven.In recent years, due to factors such as strengthening smeltings, during the coking of some coke ovens Between shortened to more than 20 hours.Its coking time is short, it is meant that cold cycling time increase, thus cause destruction to furnace lining also with Aggravation.Such as 7.63 meters of coke oven of Wuhan Iron and Steel Plant, in the maintenance carried out to it(In production)It was found that refractory material goes wrong, i.e., There is deformation, blocked checkerwork cell, adhesion, the phenomenon of softening in checker brick, cause regenerator to exchange heat not enough, coke-pushing process occurs emitting black Cigarette, the coke phenomenon such as wilfully.Through analyzing reason, the change of raw material, use environment with refractory material selection has compared with substantial connection. Such as clay brick, semi-silica brick, when being prepared using the raw clay in Henan, because its sodium containing potassium is high, also in the clay pit in Shanxi Containing higher titanium oxide, the impurity in this clay is also higher, and fine powder amount is on the high side, to prepared clay brick, semi-silica brick High-temperature behavior has an impact.
How the refractory product for adapting to coke oven production is prepared from suitable raw material, be that those skilled in the art are closed Note, it is of concern more in the refractory material used in blast furnace through retrieval, and constantly carry out innovation.As through retrieval:
Document number is CN201310651732.2 Chinese patent, and it discloses one kind《Blast furnace impermeabilisation low-aluminum mullite brick And preparation method thereof》, play raw material composition:Granularity is 5-3mm 10-15 parts of mullite synthesizing, and granularity is not come for 3-1mm synthesis 25-30 parts of stone, granularity is≤1mm 20-30 part of mullite synthesizing, and granularity is 0.074mm 15-30 parts of andalusite, clay 0.074mm5-10 parts, promote to burn 3-5 parts of agent, 3-4 parts of bonding agent.Though the document has low-porosity, low impurity, high intensity, high temperature Performance is good, and intensity is high, and corrosion resistance is strong, can holding structure stably, can improve height under high-temperature load for a long time on blast furnace The service life of stove.But because the document uses mullite synthesizing raw material, and use excessive andalusite, and andalusite Alumina content it is high, be such as used for coke oven, then due to coke oven can be reducing atmosphere and be not suitable for for high S flue gases environment, moreover Cost is also high.
Document number is CN201310655250.4 Chinese patent, discloses one kind《Anti-erosion mullite brick for blast furnace and Its preparation method》, its mullite brick is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Granularity is 3-1mm 15-30 parts of electro-corundum, Granularity is 3-1mm 12-28 parts of mullite synthesizing, and 20-28 parts of granularity < 1mm electro-corundum, granularity is 0.074mm electric smelting 10-20 parts of corundum, granularity is 0.21-0.12mm 3-6 parts of crystobalite, and granularity is≤5 μm of 8-10 parts of Alpha-alumina, and granularity is 4-6 parts of 0.074mm clay, 3-5 parts of bonding agent.Though the product of the document has low-porosity, low impurity, high intensity, high temperature The characteristics of performance is good, and the features such as good anti-erosion, strong ability to resist penetration, but due to it using substantial amounts of corundum, Mo Lai Stone raw material, is such as used for coke oven, and not only cost is high, and more importantly its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is poor, therefore is not suitable for the work of coke oven Make environment.
Document number is CN201210266706.3 Chinese patent, discloses one kind《High-strength high thermal shock low aluminum-containing mullite Brick》, the component composition of its mullite brick:Fused mullite 15~50%, electrofused mullite 5~15%, superfine flint clay 10~ 40%, sillimanite 10~30%, andalusite 10~30%, activated alumina 2~10%, zircon 2~15%, silica 2~12% and knot Close clay 3~10%.Document product, though with higher refractoriness under load(≥1550℃), heated volume stability, compared with High thermal shock resistance(Water cooling 1100 DEG C >=50), relatively low creep rate(20~50h≤0.15), and excellent compressive resistance(≥ 70Mpa), and the advantages of good under high temperature volume stability and low impurity, but it still uses mullite synthesizing raw material, And added with two kinds of electric smelting and sintering, its not only cost it is high, more importantly it use sillimanite, andalusite, both are former The aluminum oxide of material is high;Due also to having used zirconium oxide, it can cause to exchange heat in the reducing atmosphere of coke oven, repeatedly coke pushing and regenerator Damage is frequently easily caused in handoff procedure.
Document number is CN201210542032.5 Chinese patent, is disclosed《A kind of mullite lightweight thermal insulation brick and its system Preparation Method》, its elder generation is with 30 ~ 40wt% flint clays clinker, 20 ~ 30wt% grogs, 20 ~ 32wt% kyanites micro mists, 2 ~ 8wt% The light-burned calcium oxide of ρ-alumina powder, 1 ~ 6wt% and 0.5 ~ 2wt% fine silica powders are raw material, additional 10 ~ 20wt% of raw material water With 0.5 ~ 2wt% water reducers, hybrid modulation is into slurry.The foam that additional 0.1 ~ 0.5wt% of raw material foaming agents are made again, stirring, so Additional 0.5 ~ 2wt% of raw material gels, 0.1 ~ 1wt% thermosettings water-soluble high-molecular compound and 0.5 ~ 2.5wt% coagulant afterwards, Stirring, moulding by casting.It is last to be stripped in 30 ~ 50 DEG C of dry 4 ~ 9h, 10 ~ 20h are toasted at 60 ~ 120 DEG C, in 1350 ~ 1500 DEG C of guarantors 3 ~ 12h of temperature, is made mullite lightweight thermal insulation brick.The features such as though technology demoulding is fast, arid cycle is short and environment-friendly, due to Added with more kyanite micro mist, described product dilation can be caused big, it is impossible to be used in do the regenerator grid of coke oven Brick.
Document number is CN201310171229.7 Chinese patent, is disclosed《A kind of Novel mullite brick and its preparation side Method》, its raw material composition:10~15 parts of the fused mullite of 45~60 parts of aggregate, wherein 0~1mm of granularity, 1~3mm's of granularity 15~20 parts of fused mullite, 20~25 parts of 3~5mm of granularity fused mullite, the chemical composition quality hundred of fused mullite Point ratio is:Mullite phase 80~90%, Fe2O3 < 0.8%, K2O+Na2O < 0.3%;37~45 parts of powder, granularity < 0.074mm 30~35 parts of fused mullite, 7~10 parts of granularity < 0.074mm carborundum, the chemical composition mass percent of carborundum For:SiC > 97%;3~5 parts of antioxidant, antioxidant is that metallic aluminium powder is more equal than mixing by 1~2: 1 weight with metallic silicon power It is even, its particle mean size < 0.05mm;4~5 parts of new junction agent.The product is as being used in coke oven atmosphere, due to its addition Plus silicon carbide, it is difficult to ensure that coke oven requirement dust is adsorbed less, expansion and shrinkage deformation is small under conditions of rapid heat cycle, and regenerator has When string wind tempering and cause the high condition of temperature.
Found from above-mentioned literature search result, clay brick that current similar 7.63 meters of coke ovens are used, semi-silica brick are due to height Pure raw material limited source, the aggregate pressure brick of vast scale causes the profile of brick to control difficulty, and mullite brick cost is high, mullite synthesizing Many process procedures are needed, therefore the present invention is using high-quality coal measures height iron, the low aluminum-containing mullite of low alkali metal content Brick, this formula and the product price constituted are low, and better performances can meet the use needs of coke oven regenerator clay brick, by In its excellent physicochemical property so that it also disclosure satisfy that in the case where regenerator furnace wall Local Cracking produces a small amount of string fire The demand of coking production.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome deficiency present in above-mentioned document to be reduced there is provided one kind in coke oven regenerator Absorption, infiltration, the reaction of dust, it is to avoid deformation, foaming in use, and prepared brick heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics can be made 1000 Under DEG C water cooling, recycle number of times and be not less than 20 times, refractoriness under load is not less than 1400 DEG C, and 7 meter of 63 coke oven can be met will The low iron low-aluminum mullite brick and preparation method asked.
Realize the measure of above-mentioned purpose:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40-60%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:8 ~ 15%, granularity ≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15~35%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders:5~15%;Bonding agent-methyl is fine Dimension element:0.1-3%;And add water according to the 1-3.5 % of above-mentioned raw materials total amount;And control in total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena are total Total amount≤1.2% of amount≤0.8%, metallic iron and iron oxide;The performance of the mullite brick:Heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics are in 1000 DEG C of water SAPMAC method number of times is no less than 20 times, and its refractoriness under load is not less than 1400 DEG C.
Preferably:Pyrophyllite powder added with granularity < 0.088mm is no more than 15wt%.
It is:The methylcellulose is hydroxymethyl cellulose or hydroxyethyl cellulose or dextrine powder.
Preferably:In the calcined kaolin clinker fine powder of the granularity≤0.088mm, granularity < 0.01mm calcining is high Ridge soil clinker fine powder accounts for its percentage by weight:3~8%.
Prepare a kind of method of coke oven with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, its step:
1)First by particulate material, i.e.,:Granularity is more than 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40-60%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm extremely ≤ 1mm calcined kaolin clinker:8 ~ 15%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15~35%;Granularity≤ 0.088mm clay powders:5 ~ 15%, bonding agent-methylcellulose:0.1-3% is stirred mixing, including adds granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder is no more than 15wt%;Incorporation time is controlled in 5 ~ 20min;
2)1-3.5% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed;
3)Extrusion forming, brick blank drying, then burn till in tunnel cave or other high temperature kilns on brick machine.
The mechanism and effect of each raw material and main technique in the present invention
Granularity is more than 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:In the present invention, its addition why is limited in 40-60%, It is due to that, such as less than 40%, the main aggregate of brick is easily deformed, softening is collapsed in use very little;Such as it is higher than 60%, then due to particle too It is many, cause difficult forming, especially in the corner of checkerwork cell, the hardly possible shaping of circular arc shape.
Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:In the present invention, its addition why is limited 8 ~ 15%, it is due to that, such as less than 8%, the fine aggregate of brick is inadequate, it is difficult to reach consistency;Such as it is higher than 15%, then due to more than middle particle It is unfavorable for the formation of consistency structure.
Granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:In the present invention, why limit its addition 15 ~ 35%, and require that granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for its percentage by weight:3 ~ 8%, be due to such as less than 15%, the fine powder of brick very little, is unfavorable for matrix sintering;Such as it is higher than 35%, fine powder is too many, and checker brick are easily deformed contraction;Wherein grain < 0.01mm superfine powder is spent as being less than 3%, is not had agglomeration, is such as higher than 8%, cost is higher.
Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders:In the present invention, why limit its addition 5 ~ 15%, be due to such as less than 5%, the plasticity of brick is poor, and processability is bad;Such as it is higher than 15%, the easy contraction distortion of checker brick green compact.
Bonding agent-methylcellulose:In the present invention, why limit its addition in 0.1-3%, be due to such as less than 0.1%, the bond strength of brick is low;Such as it is higher than 3%, checker brick stomata can be made many.
Why granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder, in the present invention, limit its addition no more than 15wt%, be Because the pyrophillite mineral reserve of pyrophillite resource-constrained, especially high-quality are seldom, while can have an impact to cost;For another example it is higher than 15%, impurity can be caused high and be difficult to control, therefore excessive pyrophillite should not be used.
The incorporation time why present invention requires added raw material, at 5-20 minutes, is due to that batch mixing was not less than 5 minutes Uniformly, excessive batch mixing, i.e., more than 20 minutes, easily cause particle second-time breakage, make Task-size Controlling bad again.
The present invention compared with prior art, its absorption that can reduce dust in coke oven regenerator, infiltration, react, it is to avoid Deformation, foaming in use, and prepared brick heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics can be made under 1000 DEG C of water coolings, recycle number of times not low In 20 times, refractoriness under load is not less than 1400 DEG C, and can meet 7. 63 meters of coke oven requirements.The product of development is in 7.63 meters of Jiao Stove has been changed how empty regenerator and used, and does not occur over-emitting black exhaust, the abnormal phenomenon of furnace temperature, the use longevity of regenerator lattice brick so far Common brick, semi-silica brick of the life at least than using in the past improve more than 1 year life-span.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail below:
Embodiment 1:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:15%, granularity≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:35%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for 8%;Grain Degree≤0.088mm clay powders:9.5%;Bonding agent-first hydroxymethyl cellulose 0.5%;And according to 2% outer addition of above-mentioned raw materials total amount Water;In total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena total amount are 0.7%, the total amount position 1.0% of metallic iron and iron oxide;
Preparation process:
1)Granularity is first more than to 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker:15%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:35%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker fine powder accounts for 8%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders:9.5%;Bonding agent-first hydroxymethyl cellulose 0.5% is stirred mixed Close, incorporation time is in 20min;
2)2% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed outside;
3)It is conventional to be press-formed, dry and fire on forming machine.
After testing, prepared coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is in 1000 DEG C of water cooling conditions Under, cycle-index is 30 times, and refractoriness under load is at 1430 DEG C.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:60%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:8%, granularity≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:21.9%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for 5%; Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders 5%;Bonding agent-first hydroxymethyl cellulose 0.1%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 5%;And According to 3% outer addition water of above-mentioned raw materials total amount;In total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena total amount are 0.59%, metallic iron and oxidation The total amount position 0.8% of iron;
Preparation process:
1)Granularity is first more than to 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:60%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker:8%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:21.9%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker fine powder accounts for 5%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders 5%;Bonding agent-first hydroxymethyl cellulose 0.1%, granularity < 0.088mm Pyrophyllite powder 5% be stirred mixing, incorporation time is in 18min;
2)3% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed outside;
3)It is conventional to be press-formed, dry and fire on forming machine.
After testing, prepared coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is in 1000 DEG C of water cooling conditions Under, cycle-index is 25 times, and refractoriness under load is at 1460 DEG C.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:48%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:12%, granularity≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for 3%;Grain Degree≤0.088mm clay powders 7%;Bonding agent-dextrine powder 3%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 15%;And according to above-mentioned raw materials The 1% of total amount is outer to add water;In total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena total amount are 0.5%, the total amount position of metallic iron and iron oxide 0.88%;
Preparation process:
1)Granularity is first more than to 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:48%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker:12%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker fine powder accounts for 3%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders 7%;Bonding agent-dextrine powder 3%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 15% is stirred mixing, and incorporation time is in 19min;
2)1% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed outside;
3)It is conventional to be press-formed, dry and fire on forming machine.
After testing, prepared coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is in 1000 DEG C of water cooling conditions Under, cycle-index is 28 times, and refractoriness under load is at 1435 DEG C.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:55%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:10%, granularity≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:20%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for 8%;Grain Degree≤0.088mm clay powders 6%;Bonding agent-hydroxyethyl cellulose 1%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 8%;And according to upper State 3.5% outer addition water of raw material total amount;In total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena total amount are 0.52%, metallic iron and iron oxide Total amount position 0.8%;
Preparation process:
1)Granularity is first more than to 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:55%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker:10%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:20%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker fine powder accounts for 8%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders 6%;Bonding agent-hydroxyethyl cellulose 1%, granularity < 0.088mm leaf Cured stone powder 8% is stirred mixing, and incorporation time is in 12min;
2)3.5% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed outside;
3)It is conventional to be press-formed, dry and fire on forming machine.
After testing, prepared coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is in 1000 DEG C of water cooling conditions Under, cycle-index is 37 times, and refractoriness under load is at 1450 DEG C.
Embodiment 5:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:52%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:9%, granularity≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:25%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for 5%;Grain Degree≤0.088mm clay powders 7.5%;Bonding agent-hydroxymethyl cellulose 1.5%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 5%;And press According to 2.5% outer addition water of above-mentioned raw materials total amount;In total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena total amount are 0.7%, metallic iron and iron oxide Total amount position 1.1%;
Preparation process:
1)Granularity is first more than to 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:52%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker:9%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:25%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin Clinker fine powder accounts for 5%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders 7.5%;Bonding agent-hydroxymethyl cellulose 1.5%, granularity < 0.088mm's Pyrophyllite powder 5% is stirred mixing, and incorporation time is in 9min;
2)2.5% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed outside;
3)It is conventional to be press-formed, dry and fire on forming machine.
After testing, prepared coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is in 1000 DEG C of water cooling conditions Under, cycle-index is 28 times, and refractoriness under load is at 1455 DEG C.
Embodiment 6:
A kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its raw material included composition and weight percent content are:Granularity be more than 1 to ≤ 5mm calcined kaolin clinker:45%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:13%, granularity≤ 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:26%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for 7%;Grain Degree≤0.088mm clay powders 11%;Bonding agent-dextrine powder 1%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 4%;And according to above-mentioned raw materials The 2.2% of total amount is outer to add water;In total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena total amount are 0.6%, the total amount position of metallic iron and iron oxide 0.75%;
Preparation process:
1)Granularity is first more than to 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:45%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker:13%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:26%, wherein, granularity < 0.01mm calcining kaolinite Native clinker fine powder accounts for 7%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders 11%;Bonding agent-dextrine powder 1%, granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder 4% is stirred mixing, and incorporation time is in 14min;
2)2.2% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed outside;
3)It is conventional to be press-formed, dry and fire on forming machine.
After testing, prepared coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, and its heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics is in 1000 DEG C of water cooling conditions Under, cycle-index is 30 times, and refractoriness under load is at 1455 DEG C.
Above-described embodiment use of 17 months, it is still intact, still it is being continuing with.
Above-described embodiment is only most preferably to enumerate, and is not the restriction to embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of coke oven is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, its raw material included composition and weight percent content:Granularity is more than 1 Extremely≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40-60%;Granularity is more than 0.1mm to≤1mm calcined kaolin clinker:8 ~ 15%, grain Degree≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15~35%;Granularity≤0.088mm clay powders:5~15%;Bonding agent-methyl Cellulose:0.1-3%;And add water according to the 1-3.5 % of above-mentioned raw materials total amount;And control in total raw material:Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena Total amount≤1.2% of total amount≤0.8%, metallic iron and iron oxide;The performance of the mullite brick:Heat resistanceheat resistant destructive characteristics are at 1000 DEG C Water-cooling circulating number of times is no less than 20 times, and its refractoriness under load is not less than 1400 DEG C.
2. a kind of coke oven as claimed in claim 1 is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, it is characterised in that:Added with granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder is no more than 15wt%.
3. a kind of coke oven as claimed in claim 1 is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, it is characterised in that:The methylcellulose is Hydroxymethyl cellulose or hydroxyethyl cellulose or dextrine powder.
4. a kind of coke oven as claimed in claim 1 is with low iron low-aluminum mullite brick, it is characterised in that:The granularity≤ In 0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder, granularity < 0.01mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder accounts for its percentage by weight 's:3~8%.
5. prepare a kind of coke oven method of low iron low-aluminum mullite brick as claimed in claim 1, its step:
First by particulate material, i.e.,:Granularity is more than 1 to≤5mm calcined kaolin clinker:40-60%;Granularity be more than 0.1mm to≤ 1mm calcined kaolin clinker:8 ~ 15%, granularity≤0.088mm calcined kaolin clinker fine powder:15~35%;Granularity≤ 0.088mm clay powders:5 ~ 15%, bonding agent-methylcellulose:0.1-3% is stirred mixing, including adds granularity < 0.088mm pyrophyllite powder is no more than 15wt%;Incorporation time is controlled in 5 ~ 20min;
1-3.5% according to above-mentioned raw materials total amount adds water and is uniformly mixed;
3)Extrusion forming, brick blank drying, then burn till in tunnel cave or other high temperature kilns on brick machine.
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CN112341177A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-02-09 山东耐材集团鲁耐窑业有限公司 Corrosion-resistant compact lattice brick for upper part of coke oven regenerator and preparation method thereof

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