CN107032772B - A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN107032772B
CN107032772B CN201710218277.5A CN201710218277A CN107032772B CN 107032772 B CN107032772 B CN 107032772B CN 201710218277 A CN201710218277 A CN 201710218277A CN 107032772 B CN107032772 B CN 107032772B
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brick
light
blank
transmittance ceramics
transmittance
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CN107032772A (en
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赵光岩
柯善军
屈彬
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FOSHAN OUSHENNUO CERAMIC Co Ltd
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FOSHAN OUSHENNUO CERAMIC Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of light-transmittance ceramics bricks, and the chemical component of brick body blank is as follows in percentage by weight: 52 ~ 62% SiO2, 20 ~ 26% Al2O3, 0 ~ 0.1% Fe2O3, 0 ~ 0.2% TiO2, 5 ~ 10% CaO, 0 ~ 1% MgO, 0.8 ~ 2.6% K2O, 4 ~ 7% Na2O, the burning mistake of 0 ~ 2% BaO, 0.3 ~ 0.8% ZnO and 5 ~ 10%.The present invention is using sodalite as the main body raw material of Ceramic Tiles brick body blank, mating part vitreous silica uses frit and feldspar as solvent, high Archon soil and bentonite is used to realize excellent processability as binder, to solve current light-transmittance ceramics brick poor plasticity, difficult problem is formed.The light transmittance of light-transmittance ceramics brick of the invention prepared is high, volume density is as low as up to 2.15g/cm3, whiteness be greater than 66 degree, meet requirement, while it has a wide range of application, porcelain glazed tile and all-body tile can be respectively applied to.

Description

A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building ceramics field, in particular to a kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
Ceramic Tiles have the characteristics such as wear-resisting waterproof and picture on surface beauty as a kind of building decoration materials, deep by people's Like, is widely used in the decoration of home decoration, the decoration of office space and business place.But conventional ceramic brick produces institute The raw material used is more rough, and raw material goes out after broken from mining directly to be used, and impurity is relatively more in material, causes to burn More at impurity in rear ceramic body and Minute pores, impurity can be absorbed and be scattered to light, Minute pores especially hole diameter It is most strong (stomata of common vitreous ceramic adobe is generally at 0 ~ 30 μm) to the scattering process of light when close with visible wavelength, because This conventional ceramic brick does not have translucency generally.With the development of people's demand and market, people are continuous to the function of Ceramic Tiles It is proposed new requirement.In order to meet the needs of market, the decorative effect of Ceramic Tiles is improved, the Ceramic Tiles with certain translucency (hereinafter referred to as transparent brick) can generate penetrating and change effect under the action of light and have become major ceramics factory expert and grind The hot spot of hair.
Currently, these formulas have not in terms of translucency there are also the formula that producer develops light-transmittance ceramics brick Mistake performance, but these formula have there are powder poor plasticities, blank forming difficulty and green strength are low, and some light-transmittance ceramics are matched Square alumina content is low to cause formula elevated temperature strength low, and green body is easily deformed in firing, and therefore, up to the present the country does not have The light-transmittance ceramics brick formula that ceramic producer is researched and developed using oneself is produced in batches.Patent No. CN104478419A discloses one High white light-transmittance ceramics brick and its production method are planted, the ratio of ridge raw material quartz, frit and feldspar is up to 90% or more in formula, Cause powder plasticity low, molding difficulty is big;A kind of transparent brick disclosed in Patent No. CN105777089A and preparation method thereof For the alumina content of middle light transmission body recipe 10%~14%, the low green body elevated temperature strength that will cause of alumina content is low, is easy to become Shape.Up to the present above-mentioned light-transmittance ceramics brick formula is not all produced in batches, therefore, the prior art has much room for improvement, and needs to explore A kind of easily molded, body recipe that elevated temperature strength is good prepares light-transmittance ceramics brick.
The status that green body is easily deformed when there is difficult molding and firing is formulated for current domestic construction ceramics light transmission, we Zeolite powder, ball clay and bentonite are added in formula solves light transmission pottery so that the mouldability of ceramic powder has large increase Ceramic powder forms difficult problem.Meanwhile alumina content is more than 20% in the light-transmittance ceramics formula of our exploitations, improves green body Elevated temperature strength reduces green body degree of deformation in firing, improves the flatness in brick face after the firing of light-transmittance ceramics green body.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention in view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, provide a kind of transparent brick and preparation method thereof, purport Solve the problems, such as light-transmittance ceramics brick brick body molding difficulty greatly and firing after be easily deformed.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick, brick body blank in percentage by weight Chemical component is as follows: 52 ~ 62% SiO2, 20 ~ 26% Al2O3, 0 ~ 0.1% Fe2O3, 0 ~ 0.2% TiO2, 5 ~ 10% CaO, 0 ~ 1% MgO, 0.8 ~ 2.6% K2O, 4 ~ 7% Na2O, the burning mistake of 0 ~ 2% BaO, 0.3 ~ 0.8% ZnO and 5 ~ 10%.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the raw material components of brick body blank are as follows in percentage by weight: 9 ~ 25% vitreous silica, 18 ~ 28% sodalite, 30 ~ 42% frit, 0.5 ~ 5% wollastonite, 8 ~ 16% ball clay, 6 ~ 18% Feldspar, 1 ~ 5% bentonite, 0 ~ 3% barium carbonate, 0.2 ~ 1% ball milling additive.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the ball milling additive is by pressing brick body blank stock weight percentages of components Meter 0.1 ~ 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose and 0.1 ~ 0.5% sodium tripolyphosphate composition.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the sodalite selects the sodalite with porous network structure.
Specifically, the present invention is introduced into and the stabilizer sodium in PVC industry is applied to boil in the research and development of light-transmittance ceramics adobe material Masonry be light-transmittance ceramics brick primary raw material, using sodalite reticulated porous structures and wherein the high feature of alumina content with Solve the problems, such as that light-transmittance ceramics brick is not easily molded and firing deformation.
Sodalite has the characteristics that porous reticular structure and particle are small, is conducive to enhance the plastic of light-transmittance ceramics brick brick body Property;Meanwhile the sodium oxide content in sodalite is more than 17%, is conducive to improve glass phase after light-transmittance ceramics brick brick body is burnt into Content improves the transparency of light-transmittance ceramics brick.In addition the sodalite in the present invention is made using artificial synthesized method, in raw material The impurity in face is few, advantageously reduces impurity and improves the light transmittance after brick body is burnt into the absorption of light, while impurity also has less Conducive to the whiteness for increasing light-transmittance ceramics brick brick body.Furthermore alumina content is tied 28% or more in the sodalite that the present invention uses The open structure for closing holey makes the refractoriness of sodalite at 1400 DEG C, is conducive to the refractoriness for improving brick body.In blank By the content of control vitreous silica, high temperature frit and feldspar in formula, the viscous of the glass phase of blank formulation at high temperature is improved Degree effectively reduces the porous space of the liquid phase filling sodalite in firing, and the density of brick body can achieve 2.15g/ after firing cm3, it is lower than common 2.35 g/cm of light-transmittance ceramics blank formulation3Blank density so that light-transmittance ceramics blank formulation of the invention Lower volume density can be formed, the hole diameter formed in brick body body is most of between 30 ~ 50 μm, can more common light transmission Brick is more conducive to light transmission, enhances the translucent effect of brick body.
Another technical solution adopted by the present invention is: a kind of preparation method of light-transmittance ceramics brick as described above, It comprises the technical steps that:
1) blank is added in ball mill together with clean water, it is 0.3 that blank is milled to fineness by starting ball mill Hereinafter, carrying out except iron, being sieved and dust, powder is obtained;
2) the resulting powder of step 1) is placed in press to be pressed, obtains adobe, adobe is ground after drying Then base processing carries out inkjet printing, applies and throw glaze and apply prime cement, enters back into calcining kiln and be burnt into, finally polished and ground Side processing, obtains light-transmittance ceramics brick finished product.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the additive amount of blank described in step 1) is described by mass percentage The 65 ~ 66% of the total weight of blank and clean water.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, ball mill described in step 1) is served as a contrast using alumina balls, and ballstone uses Aluminium oxide ballstone, wherein alumina content is greater than 96%, and whiteness is greater than 95 degree.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, sieving described in step 1) uses 250 mesh screens.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the compression moulding in step 2 uses half-dried compression moulding, such as practical behaviour The briquetting pressure of the brick body of 800 specifications is 3400 tons in work.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, painting prime cement described in step 2 is to apply purity in adobe bottom surface to be greater than 99% Aluminium oxide.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, adobe surface is carried out at water spray wetting before inkjet printing in step 2 Reason, wherein the amount of water sprayed of every square metre of adobe is 80 ~ 100g.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, in step 2 the temperature of inkjet printing time control brickmaking base in 40 ~ 52 DEG C of models In enclosing.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, it is finished to described in step 2 using Elastic abrasive body to the throwing glaze in brick body Layer carries out polishing processing.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention is using sodalite as the main body raw material of Ceramic Tiles brick body blank, auxiliary section Divide vitreous silica, uses frit and feldspar as solvent, use high Archon soil and bentonite to realize as binder excellent Processability forms difficult problem to solve current light-transmittance ceramics brick poor plasticity.The prepared light-transmittance ceramics brick obtained of the invention Light transmittance is high, volume density is as low as up to 2.15g/cm3, whiteness be greater than 66 degree, meet requirement, while its application range Extensively, porcelain glazed tile and all-body tile can be respectively applied to.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is specifically described below with reference to embodiment, in order to technical field personnel to of the invention Understand.It is necessary to it is emphasized that embodiment is only intended to, the present invention will be further described herein, should not be understood as to this The limitation of invention protection scope, fields person skilled in the art, the non-intrinsically safe that the present invention is made according to foregoing invention content The modifications and adaptations of property, should still fall within protection scope of the present invention.Mentioned raw materials following simultaneously are unspecified, are Commercial product;The processing step or preparation method not referred in detail be processing step known to a person skilled in the art or Preparation method.
Embodiment 1
A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick, in percentage by weight raw material components of brick body blank are as follows: 22.7% tekite English, 19.7% sodalite, 35.9% frit, 1.5% wollastonite, 10% ball clay, 6.2% feldspar, 2.5% bentonite, 1.5% barium carbonate and 0.5% ball milling additive;The chemical component of blank is in percentage by weight are as follows: 57.65% SiO2、 20.48% Al2O3, 0.09% Fe2O3, 0.01% TiO2, 7.19% CaO, 0.77% MgO, 1.04% K2O, 4.24% Na2O, the burning mistake of 1.36% BaO, 0.53% ZnO and 6.39%.
Wherein, ball milling additive by based on brick body blank stock weight percentages of components 0.2% carboxymethyl cellulose and 0.3% sodium tripolyphosphate composition.The sodalite selects the sodalite with porous network structure.
Preparation method:
1) blank is added in ball mill together with clean water, wherein blank is the blank by mass percentage With the 65.5% of the total weight of clean water.It is 0.22 that blank is milled to fineness by starting ball mill, is carried out except iron, 250 mesh screens It is sieved and dusts, obtain powder;
2) the resulting powder of step 1) is placed in press and carries out half-dried compression moulding, obtain adobe, adobe passes through after drying Mill blank machine carries out surface polishing and dust removal process, then first carries out water spray processing on adobe surface, then carry out inkjet printing, apply throwing Glaze, and the aluminium oxide that purity is greater than 99% is applied in adobe bottom surface, it enters back into calcining kiln and is burnt into, finally carry out polishing and edging Processing, obtains light-transmittance ceramics brick finished product.
Wherein, the ball mill is served as a contrast using alumina balls, and ballstone uses aluminium oxide ballstone, and wherein alumina content is greater than 96%, whiteness is greater than 95 degree.The temperature of adobe is controlled in the ink jet printing process within the scope of 40 ~ 52 DEG C.
The light-transmittance ceramics brick obtained prepared by embodiment 1 is burnt into the roller kilns that firing temperature is 1220 DEG C, is burnt into Time is 65min.Performance is carried out to the light-transmittance ceramics brick after firing, the volume density of the light-transmittance ceramics brick of embodiment 1 is 2.23 g/ cm3, ceramic tile water absorption rate is 0.02, and brick body whiteness is 68.6 degree, modulus of rupture 35.6MPa, it is seen that light transmission rate 1.15%.
Embodiment 2
A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick, in percentage by weight raw material components of brick body blank are as follows: 12.3% tekite English, 24.6% sodalite, 38.5% frit, 1.6% wollastonite, 10% ball clay, 10.7% feldspar, 2% bentonite and 0.5% ball milling additive;The chemical component of blank is in percentage by weight are as follows: 53.06% SiO2, 23.45% Al2O3、 0.07% Fe2O3, 0.02% TiO2, 7.71% CaO, 0.77% MgO, 1.53% K2O, 5.61% Na2O, 0.63% BaO, 0.53% ZnO and 7.15% burning lose.
Wherein, ball milling additive by based on brick body blank stock weight percentages of components 0.1% carboxymethyl cellulose and 0.4% sodium tripolyphosphate composition.The sodalite selects the sodalite with porous network structure.
Preparation method:
1) blank is added in ball mill together with clean water, wherein blank is the blank by mass percentage With the 65.5% of the total weight of clean water.It is 0.25 that blank is milled to fineness by starting ball mill, is carried out except iron, 250 mesh screens It is sieved and dusts, obtain powder;
2) the resulting powder of step 1) is placed in press and carries out half-dried compression moulding, obtain adobe, adobe passes through after drying Mill blank machine carries out surface polishing and dust removal process, then first carries out water spray processing on adobe surface, then carry out inkjet printing, apply throwing Glaze, and the aluminium oxide that purity is greater than 99% is applied in adobe bottom surface, it enters back into calcining kiln and is burnt into, finally carry out polishing and edging Processing, obtains light-transmittance ceramics brick finished product.
Wherein, the ball mill is served as a contrast using alumina balls, and ballstone uses aluminium oxide ballstone, and wherein alumina content is greater than 96%, whiteness is greater than 95 degree.The temperature of adobe is controlled in the ink jet printing process within the scope of 40 ~ 52 DEG C.
The light-transmittance ceramics brick obtained prepared by embodiment 2 is burnt into the roller kilns that firing temperature is 1228 DEG C, is burnt into Time is 65min.Performance is carried out to the light-transmittance ceramics brick after firing, the volume density of the light-transmittance ceramics brick of embodiment 2 is 2.15 g/ cm3, ceramic tile water absorption rate is 0.01, and brick body whiteness is 66.8 degree, modulus of rupture 36.4MPa, it is seen that light transmission rate 1.25%.
Embodiment 3
A kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick, in percentage by weight raw material components of brick body blank are as follows: 22.6% tekite English, 22.6% sodalite, 31.5% frit, 12.1% ball clay, 9.7% feldspar, 1.6% barium carbonate and 0.6% ball milling Additive;The chemical component of blank is in percentage by weight are as follows: 58.18% SiO2, 20.61% Al2O3, 0.06% Fe2O3, 0.01% TiO2, 5.67% CaO, 0.63% MgO, 1.13% K2O, 5.02% Na2O, 1.41% BaO, 0.52% ZnO and 6.76% burning lose.
Wherein, ball milling additive by based on brick body blank stock weight percentages of components 0.2% carboxymethyl cellulose and 0.4% sodium tripolyphosphate composition.The sodalite selects the sodalite with porous network structure.
Preparation method:
1) blank is added in ball mill together with clean water, wherein blank is the blank by mass percentage With the 65.4% of the total weight of clean water.It is 0.26 that blank is milled to fineness by starting ball mill, is carried out except iron, 250 mesh screens It is sieved and dusts, obtain powder;
2) the resulting powder of step 1) is placed in press and carries out half-dried compression moulding, obtain adobe, adobe passes through after drying Mill blank machine carries out surface polishing and dust removal process, then first carries out water spray processing on adobe surface, then carry out inkjet printing, apply throwing Glaze, and the aluminium oxide that purity is greater than 99% is applied in adobe bottom surface, it enters back into calcining kiln and is burnt into, finally carry out polishing and edging Processing, obtains light-transmittance ceramics brick finished product.
Wherein, the ball mill is served as a contrast using alumina balls, and ballstone uses aluminium oxide ballstone, and wherein alumina content is greater than 96%, whiteness is greater than 95 degree.The temperature of adobe is controlled in the ink jet printing process within the scope of 40 ~ 52 DEG C.
The light-transmittance ceramics brick obtained prepared by embodiment 3 is burnt into the roller kilns that firing temperature is 1225 DEG C, is burnt into Time is 65min.Performance is carried out to the light-transmittance ceramics brick after firing, the volume density of the light-transmittance ceramics brick of embodiment 3 is 2.33 g/ cm3, ceramic tile water absorption rate is 0.03, and brick body whiteness is 67.8 degree, modulus of rupture 39.8MPa, it is seen that light transmission rate 0.98%.
Above-described embodiment is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, all with similar technique of the invention and made equivalence changes, It should belong to protection category of the invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick, which is characterized in that the chemical component of brick body blank is as follows in percentage by weight: 52~ 62% Si02, 20~26% Al2O3, 0~0.1% Fe203, 0~0.2% TiO2, 5~10% CaO, 0~1% MgO, 0.8~2.6% K2O, 4~7% Na2O, the burning mistake of 0~2% BaO, 0.3~0.8% ZnO and 5~10%;Institute State the raw material components of light-transmittance ceramics brick brick body blank in percentage by weight are as follows: 9~25% vitreous silica, 18~28% Sodalite, 30~42% frit, 0.5~5% wollastonite, 8~16% ball clay, 6~18% feldspar, 1~5% it is swollen Moisten soil, 0~3% barium carbonate, 0.2~1% ball milling additive.
2. a kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the ball milling additive is by pressing brick body blank 0.1~0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose of raw material components weight percent meter and 0.1~0.5% sodium tripolyphosphate composition.
3. a kind of light-transmittance ceramics brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the sodalite, which is selected, has holey The sodalite of structure.
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CN108424112B (en) * 2018-04-19 2020-11-10 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Preparation process of whole-body light-transmitting brick with single material layer and whole-body light-transmitting brick thereof
CN108610021A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-02 徐潇潇 A kind of novel light transmissive ceramic material
CN109231961A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-18 吴镇秋 A kind of resistance to deformation is rapidly fired to fine earthenware blank and its preparation and application method
CN109400138A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-01 广东博德精工建材有限公司 A kind of transparent brick green body and preparation method thereof
CN109133894A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-04 广东博德精工建材有限公司 A kind of hard jade brick green body and preparation method thereof
CN109369165A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-22 广东博德精工建材有限公司 A kind of transparent jade brick
CN109264993A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-25 广东博德精工建材有限公司 A kind of big brilliant flower transparent jade brick
CN112408795A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-02-26 广东翠贝卡建材科技有限公司 Devitrification frit, jade light-transmitting brick and preparation method of jade light-transmitting brick

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