CN107032095B - A kind of bolt automatic charging device - Google Patents

A kind of bolt automatic charging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107032095B
CN107032095B CN201710411747.XA CN201710411747A CN107032095B CN 107032095 B CN107032095 B CN 107032095B CN 201710411747 A CN201710411747 A CN 201710411747A CN 107032095 B CN107032095 B CN 107032095B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bolt
level
plate
movable plate
fixed board
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Application number
CN201710411747.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107032095A (en
Inventor
李胜君
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广州市嘉特斯机电制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201710411747.XA priority Critical patent/CN107032095B/en
Publication of CN107032095A publication Critical patent/CN107032095A/en
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Publication of CN107032095B publication Critical patent/CN107032095B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/04Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles
    • B65G47/12Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles
    • B65G47/14Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/002Article feeders for assembling machines orientating the articles

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of bolt automatic charging device, including the step feeder structure being connected and vibration screening mechanism, vibration screening mechanism includes lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies, according to the conveying direction of bolt, step feeder structure, lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies are sequentially connected;Step feeder structure from feed hopper for realizing automatically extracting bolt, and it is passed in subsequent vibration screening mechanism, lag bolt Screen assemblies exclude the too short bolt of length in bolt for screening, stay bolt Screen assemblies exclude the too long bolt of length in bolt for screening, to obtain the bolt for being suitble to specification.This bolt automatic charging device can replace manual operation completely, realize bolt automatic charging and automatic screening, while realizing rapid material-feeding, also the bolt that specification is not consistent quickly is excluded, working efficiency is effectively improved, equipment production cost is reduced, while can also meet equipment high speed the needs of equipping.

Description

A kind of bolt automatic charging device

Technical field

The present invention relates to tooling technical field, in particular to a kind of bolt automatic charging device.

Background technique

During equipment assembly, it usually needs use a large amount of bolt, and usually need using a variety of different sizes Bolt.Currently, being usually after using manual sorting to the feeding of bolt, then arrangement is completed one by one, working efficiency is low, past Toward needing to be equipped with the more operator of number, it is just able to satisfy the demand of high speed installation, this just increases the processing cost of equipment. In addition, being usually easy to be mixed into the bolt of different size, being mainly manifested in different length during due to using early period or processing Bolt, so used before use, often need manually to sort out the bolt for not meeting using specification to avoid mistake, This just increases cost of labor, meanwhile, also usually there is mistake in manual sorting, it is difficult to effectively avoid mistake occur in subsequent assembly The phenomenon that.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of bolt automatic charging devices, which can Instead of manual operation, bolt automatic charging and automatic screening are realized, while effectively improving working efficiency, also reduce sorting mistake Rate.

The technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of bolt automatic charging device, including the step feeder structure being connected and vibration Dynamic sorting mechanism, vibration screening mechanism include lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies, according to the conveying direction of bolt, Step feeder structure, lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies are sequentially connected;Wherein, step feeder structure for realizing Bolt is automatically extracted from feed hopper, and is passed in subsequent vibration screening mechanism, and lag bolt Screen assemblies are for screening The too short bolt of length in bolt is excluded, stay bolt Screen assemblies exclude the too long bolt of length in bolt for screening, To obtain the bolt for being suitble to specification;

Step feeder structure includes feed hopper and at least one set of ladder loading assemblies, and ladder loading assemblies include being parallel to each other And the fixed board and movable plate (its inclined direction is for vertical direction) being obliquely installed, fixed board is fixed on feed hopper side wall On, movable plate is moved up and down relative to fixed board;

Lag bolt Screen assemblies include that sequentially connected inclination feed channel, arrangement slot and lag bolt exclude plate, lag bolt row Except plate is equipped with lag bolt outlet, the top sides that lag bolt excludes plate are concordantly connect along with arrangement slot, inclination feed channel, arrangement The first vibrator is arranged in the bottom that slot and lag bolt exclude plate;

Stay bolt Screen assemblies include preceding guide plate and rear deflector arranged in parallel, preceding guide plate and rear deflector Between form guide groove, the side of preceding guide plate is equipped with block, be equipped with stay bolt outlet below block, preceding guide plate and after lead To board bottom portion, the second vibrator is set.

In the step feeder structure, three groups of ladder loading assemblies, from low to high by mounting height, three are equipped in feed hopper Fixed board and movable plate in group ladder loading assemblies are respectively that level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level fixed board, second level movable plate, three-level are fixed Plate and three-level movable plate;

When the movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies is moved to highest order, the top surface of level-one fixed board and the top of level-one movable plate Face connects to forming the first cascaded surface, and the top surface of second level fixed board connects to forming the second cascaded surface with the top surface of second level movable plate, and three-level is fixed The top surface of plate connects to forming third cascaded surface with the top surface of three-level movable plate;

When the movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies is moved to lowest order, the top surface of level-one movable plate and the bottom surface of feed hopper The top surface of flush, level-one fixed board connects to forming First Transition face with the top surface of second level movable plate, the top surface of second level fixed board and three-level The top surface of movable plate connects to forming the second transition face, and the top surface of third fixed board is located at the top of feed hopper, and the top surface of third fixed board is Bolt output face, bolt output face are connect with the inclination feed channel in lag bolt apart assembly;

First cascaded surface, the second cascaded surface, third cascaded surface, First Transition face and the second transition face are inclined-plane (these The inclined direction on inclined-plane be relative to horizontal direction for).I.e. since each fixed board and movable plate are the rectangular slab being obliquely installed Material, so the top surface of each fixed board and movable plate necessarily forms inclined surface, and the inclined direction of these inclined surface is towards the outlet of bolt The side height that direction, i.e. inclined surface are located at hopper rear direction is located at the height in direction on front side of hopper lower than it.

The level-one fixed board and level-one movable plate form step loading assemblies, and second level fixed board and second level movable plate form second level Ladder loading assemblies, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate form three-level ladder loading assemblies;Level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level are fixed Plate, second level movable plate, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate are the rectangular plates with a thickness of 20~30mm, level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, Second level fixed board, second level movable plate, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate successively connect from the front to the back.Wherein, the length of level-one movable plate is (i.e. high Spend the size in direction) it is less than the length of second level movable plate, the length of second level movable plate is less than the length of three-level movable plate.

It is additionally provided with bottom fixed board in three groups of ladder loading assemblies, level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate Bottom is connect with bottom fixed board respectively.

It is equipped with cylinder pushing mechanism on rear side of the three-level movable plate, cylinder pushing mechanism includes that cylinder, floating junction, activity push away Plate, sliding block, sliding block fixed plate and guide rail, movable push are fixedly connected with the trailing flank of three-level movable plate, and the end of cylinder passes through floating The middle part of dynamic connector and movable push connects, and movable push two sides are respectively set sliding block fixed plate, each sliding block fixed plate respectively with Movable push is perpendicular, each movable push be equipped with sliding block, feed hopper be located at cylinder two sides outer wall be equipped with guide rail, sliding block and Guide rail matches, and sliding block is slided up and down along guide rail.In use, cylinder drives movable push to carry out by floating junction Lower movement, movable push is moved up and down by sliding block fixed plate band movable slider along guide rail, simultaneously as level-one movable plate, two Grade movable plate is fixedly connected with the bottom of three-level movable plate by bottom fixed board, and therefore, movable push also drives level-one movable plate, second level Movable plate and three-level movable plate move up and down, and during being somebody's turn to do, sliding block is matched with guide rail and play the guiding role.

In addition to above structure, in step feeder structure, limit plate, limit plate can be also equipped on the hopper side wall of cylinder side It is equipped with long hole, is equipped with position detecting switch in long hole.Position detecting switch is used to detect position when movable push moves up and down It moves, after movable push reaches capacity position, position detecting switch is sent a signal on the controller of cylinder, is controlled by controller Cylinder opening and closing.

In the lag bolt Screen assemblies, inclination feed channel is that feedboard is obliquely installed the channel to be formed (inclined direction Be relative to horizontal direction for), tilt feed channel feed end height be greater than discharge end height;

Lag bolt excludes on plate, and lag bolt outlet is the rectangular through-hole being opened on lag bolt exclusion plate, lag bolt row The height of outlet is less than the length for being suitble to sized bolt.Under normal circumstances, the height of lag bolt outlet is slightly less than suitable specification The length of bolt, the height both can guarantee suitable sized bolt normal through length can also being made to be less than to greatest extent suitable The bolt for closing sized bolt is excluded, and guarantees the accuracy rate of its screening.In the structure, set since lag bolt excludes plate inclination It sets, therefore when bolt is by above lag bolt outlet, the bolt that length is less than lag bolt discharge open height can be due to weight Power effect is fallen directly into lag bolt outlet, to be sized exclusion.

In the lag bolt Screen assemblies, the two sides for arranging slot are respectively equipped with the front shoe and rear fixed plate being obliquely installed (inclined direction is for vertical direction), front shoe and the parallel setting of rear fixed plate, front shoe is with after The crack formed between fixed plate is arrangement slot;

Connection, the left and right sides of rear fixed plate are fixed by the connecting rod between front shoe and the left and right sides of rear fixed plate It is respectively equipped with skewback, skewback bottom is equipped with mounting plate, and is fixedly connected by mounting plate with the first vibrator;

Lag bolt excludes plate and is also obliquely installed (inclined direction is for vertical direction), and lag bolt excludes Plate is connected to form same inclined surface with rear fixed plate.

In the lag bolt Screen assemblies, arranges slot and lag bolt excludes to be additionally provided with recycling baffle on front side of plate, recycling gear Plate, rear fixed plate and lag bolt exclude plate and connect the recycling hopper to form all round closure;In step feeder structure, feeding funnel bottom part Side be equipped with recycling hopper, recycle the bottom opening of hopper and connect by recycling hopper with feed hopper.Due to tilting feed channel On bolt mainly lean on the effect of vibration of the first vibrator to enter in arrangement slot to be arranged, therefore having part bolt cannot It is accurate to enter arrangement slot, thus fall into recycling hopper, in addition, when bolt is entered on lag bolt exclusion plate by arrangement slot, due to Only have side to hang on lag bolt at nut at the top of bolt and exclude plate top sides edge, therefore in the effect of vibration of the first vibrator Under, it has part bolt and falls, can be recycled by recycling hopper be re-fed into feed hopper again at this time.

In the stay bolt Screen assemblies, preceding guide plate and rear deflector are vertically arranged, and guide groove and lag bolt sieve Lag bolt in component excludes plate top sides along connection, and bolt enters after guide groove in vertical suspension status.

In the stay bolt Screen assemblies, the distance between at the top of block and preceding guide plate top sides edge, which is greater than, is suitble to specification The length of bolt;Along the conveying direction of bolt, notch is equipped on preceding guide plate at the front of block;Block should with inclined-plane The inclined direction on inclined-plane is for vertical direction), along the conveying direction of bolt, block thickness is gradually increased;Inclined-plane Setting can play the guiding role to the discharge of stay bolt, make its steadily from below block stay bolt outlet discharge.Generally In the case of, at the top of block with preceding guide plate top sides along the distance between slightly larger than the length for being suitble to sized bolt, should be away from From both can guarantee suitable sized bolt normal through length can also be made to be greater than the bolt quilt for being suitble to sized bolt to greatest extent It excludes, guarantees the accuracy rate of its screening.In the structure, when bolt is sent at block along guide groove, due on preceding guide plate It is herein gap structure, the nut that bolt only has side in this section of guide groove is hung on rear deflector, and the other side is hanging, institute As long as being greater than the bolt of the distance between preceding guide plate top sides edge at the top of block with length, can all be hindered in the indentation, there by block Gear, and then fall at stay bolt outlet, and sized bolt is suitble to then to continue to convey along guide groove.

Above-mentioned bolt automatic charging device in use, its working principle is that:

(1) in step feeder structure, bolt is placed in feed hopper, and cylinder drives level-one movable plate, two by movable push Grade movable plate and three-level movable plate are displaced downwardly to lowest order, and bolt is made to fall into the inclined-plane at the top of level-one movable plate, and then level-one movable plate, second level are dynamic Plate and three-level movable plate gradually on move to highest order, the top surface of level-one fixed board connects to forming the first rank with the top surface of level-one movable plate at this time Tread, since the first cascaded surface has gradient, under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into the top surface of level-one fixed board;Cylinder band Dynamic level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate are displaced downwardly to lowest order again, at this time the top surface of level-one fixed board and second level movable plate Top surface connects to forming First Transition face, and since First Transition face is with gradient, under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into two The top surface of grade movable plate, then level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate gradually on move to highest order, the top of second level fixed board at this time Face connects to forming the second cascaded surface with the top surface of second level movable plate, since the second cascaded surface has gradient, in gravity Under, bolt falls into the top surface of second level fixed board;It is minimum that cylinder drives level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate to be displaced downwardly to again Position, the top surface of second level fixed board connects to forming the second transition face with the top surface of three-level movable plate at this time, due to the second transition face with Gradient, therefore under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into the top surface of three-level movable plate, and then level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level are dynamic Plate gradually on move to highest order, the top surface of three-level fixed board connects to forming third cascaded surface with the top surface of three-level movable plate at this time, due to Third cascaded surface has gradient, therefore under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into the top surface (i.e. bolt output face) of three-level fixed board, and From the inclination feed channel that the output face is sent to vibration screening mechanism.

(2) in vibration screening mechanism, after the bolt from ladder feeding mechanism enters inclination feed channel, since inclination is fed Road tilts gradually downward, in addition the effect of vibration of the first vibrator, bolt is gradually fallen into forward in arrangement slot, arranges due to being formed The front shoe and rear fixed plate of slot are obliquely installed, therefore bolt falls into also inclined suspension status after arrangement slot;First Under the effect of vibration of vibrator, bolt along arrangement slot gradually forward permutations and enter lag bolt exclude plate on, due to lag bolt arrange Superconducting tilting suspension state is still kept except plate is also obliquely installed, therefore after bolt entrance, but there was only one at the nut at the top of bolt at this time Side mounting excludes plate top sides edge in lag bolt, and the other side is hanging;When bolt reaches at lag bolt outlet, length is less than should The bolt of lag bolt discharge open height can be fallen directly into lag bolt outlet due to gravity, to be sized exclusion;It is long The bolt (bolt and stay bolt including being suitble to specification) that degree is greater than lag bolt discharge open height continues to be fed forward, and second Enter in the deflector chute of stay bolt Screen assemblies under the effect of vibration of vibrator, when bolt is delivered at block, due to leading It is herein gap structure on plate, the nut that bolt only has side in this section of guide groove is hung on rear deflector, the other side Vacantly, in conjunction with the effect of vibration of the second vibrator, as long as so length is greater than at the top of block and preceding guide plate top sides are between The bolt of distance can all be stopped by block in the indentation, there, and then fall at stay bolt outlet, complete the screening row of stay bolt It removes, and sized bolt is suitble to then to continue to convey along guide groove and send out vibration screening mechanism.

The present invention compared with the existing technology, has the advantages that

This bolt automatic charging device can replace manual operation completely, realize bolt automatic charging and automatic screening, realize While rapid material-feeding, the bolt that specification is not consistent also quickly is excluded, working efficiency is effectively improved, reduces equipment production cost, Can also meet equipment high speed the needs of equipping simultaneously.

In this bolt automatic charging device, the structure type that step feeder structure is relatively moved using movable plate and fixed board, shape Hierarchic structure at multistage with gradient can be stablized and bolt is driven to step up to the exit on hopper top, automate journey Degree is high, and bolt conveying is also reliable and stable;Meanwhile in the structure, the movable plate in multiple groups ladder loading assemblies is moved at the same time, can be primary Realize that the bolt in multistage hierarchic structure conveys simultaneously, transfer efficiency is high, and theoretically, ladder series is higher, transfer efficiency It is higher, but when ladder series is excessively high, the overall stability of step feeder structure can decline, and therefore, be proved by test, using three groups Ladder loading assemblies are preferred plan.

In this bolt automatic charging device, vibration screening mechanism is sieved using the lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt being connected Subassembly excludes the too long bolt of length too short bolt and length to screening respectively, to obtain uniform specification and be consistent Bolt, screen it is stable and accurate, can effectively reduce sorting error rate.Meanwhile in the vibration screening mechanism, as long as adjustment is short In bolt Screen assemblies in the height of lag bolt outlet and stay bolt Screen assemblies block and preceding guide plate top sides edge away from From, can make this vibration screening mechanism be suitable for different length bolt screening, using flexible and facilitate.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of this bolt automatic charging device.

Fig. 2 is the A direction view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the B direction view of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the C direction view of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of step feeder structure.

Fig. 6 is the direction the D view of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is the direction the E-E view of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram that level-one movable plate, second level movable plate are connected with three-level movable plate in Fig. 5.

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of lag bolt Screen assemblies.

Figure 10 is the main view of lag bolt Screen assemblies after removing recycling hopper in Fig. 9.

Figure 11 is the direction the F view of Figure 10.

Figure 12 is the direction the G view of Figure 10.

Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of stay bolt Screen assemblies.

Figure 14 is the top view of stay bolt Screen assemblies in Figure 13.

In above-mentioned each figure, component shown in each label is as follows: 1 is hopper, and 2 be level-one fixed board, and 3 be level-one movable plate, and 4 be second level Fixed board, 5 be second level movable plate, and 6 be three-level fixed board, and 7 be three-level movable plate, and 8 be the first cascaded surface, and 9 be the second cascaded surface, and 10 be third Cascaded surface, 11 be bottom fixed board, and 12 be cylinder, and 13 be floating junction, and 14 be movable push, and 15 be sliding block, and 16 is solid for sliding block Fixed board, 17 be guide rail, and 18 be limit plate, and 19 be long hole, and 20 be position detecting switch, and 21 be bolt output face, and 22 be reclaimed materials Slot,

23 be the first vibrator, and 24 be inclination feed channel, and 25 be arrangement slot, and 26 exclude plate for lag bolt, and 27 be preceding fixation Plate, 28 be rear fixed plate, and 29 be skewback, and 30 be mounting plate, and 31 be lag bolt outlet, and 32 be recycling hopper, and 33 be the second vibration Dynamic device, 34 be preceding guide plate, and 35 be rear deflector, and 36 be stay bolt outlet, and 37 be guide groove, and 38 be block, and a is on ladder Expect mechanism, b is vibration screening mechanism.

Specific embodiment

Below with reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, and embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

Embodiment

A kind of bolt automatic charging device of the present embodiment, as shown in figures 1-4, including the step feeder structure a that is connected and Vibration screening mechanism b, vibration screening mechanism includes lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies, according to the conveying side of bolt To step feeder structure, lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies are sequentially connected;Wherein, step feeder structure is used for Realization automatically extracts bolt from feed hopper, and is passed in subsequent vibration screening mechanism, and lag bolt Screen assemblies are used for Screening excludes the too short bolt of length in bolt, and stay bolt Screen assemblies exclude the too long spiral shell of length in bolt for screening Bolt, to obtain the bolt for being suitble to specification;

As shown in figures 5-8, step feeder structure includes feed hopper 1 and at least one set of ladder loading assemblies, ladder feeding group Part includes the fixed board and movable plate (its inclined direction is for vertical direction) for being parallel to each other and being obliquely installed, and fixed board is solid Due on feed hopper side wall, movable plate is moved up and down relative to fixed board;

As shown in figs. 9 to 12, lag bolt Screen assemblies include sequentially connected inclination feed channel 24, arrangement slot 25 and short spiral shell Bolt excludes plate 26, and lag bolt excludes plate and is equipped with lag bolt outlet 31, and lag bolt excludes the top sides of plate along flat with arrangement slot The first vibrator 23 is arranged in neat connection, the bottom that inclination feed channel, arrangement slot and lag bolt exclude plate;

As shown in Figure 13 or 14, stay bolt Screen assemblies include preceding guide plate 34 and rear deflector arranged in parallel 35, guide groove 37 is formed between preceding guide plate and rear deflector, the side of preceding guide plate is equipped with block 38, is equipped with length below block The second vibrator 33 is arranged in bolt outlet 36, preceding guide plate and rear deflector bottom.

As shown in fig. 7, three groups of ladder loading assemblies are equipped in feed hopper, by mounting height by low in step feeder structure Supreme, fixed board and movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies are respectively that level-one fixed board 2, level-one movable plate 3, second level fixed board 4, second level are dynamic Plate 5, three-level fixed board 6 and three-level movable plate 7;When the movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies is moved to highest order, level-one fixed board Top surface connects to forming the first cascaded surface 8 with the top surface of level-one movable plate, and the top surface of second level fixed board connects shape with the top surface of second level movable plate At the second cascaded surface 9, the top surface of three-level fixed board connects to forming third cascaded surface 10 with the top surface of three-level movable plate;When on three groups of ladders (not shown) when movable plate in material component is moved to lowest order, the top surface of level-one movable plate and the bottom surface flush of feed hopper, The top surface of level-one fixed board connects to forming First Transition face with the top surface of second level movable plate, the top surface of second level fixed board and the top of three-level movable plate Face connects to forming the second transition face, and the top surface of third fixed board is located at the top of feed hopper, and the top surface of third fixed board is bolt output Face, bolt output face are connect with the inclination feed channel in lag bolt apart assembly;First cascaded surface, the second cascaded surface, third rank Tread, First Transition face and the second transition face be inclined-plane (inclined direction on these inclined-planes be relative to horizontal direction for ).I.e. since each fixed board and movable plate are the rectangular plate being obliquely installed, incline so the top surface of each fixed board and movable plate is necessarily formed The side that inclined-plane, and the inclined direction of these inclined surface is towards the export direction of bolt, i.e. inclined surface are located at hopper rear direction Height is located at the height in direction on front side of hopper lower than it.

Level-one fixed board and level-one movable plate form step loading assemblies, and second level fixed board and second level movable plate form second level ladder Loading assemblies, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate form three-level ladder loading assemblies;Level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level fixed board, two Grade movable plate, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate be with a thickness of 20~30mm rectangular plate (in the present embodiment using with a thickness of The rectangular plate of 25mm), level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level fixed board, second level movable plate, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate are by forward direction Successively connect afterwards.Wherein, the length (i.e. the size of short transverse) of level-one movable plate is less than the length of second level movable plate, second level movable plate Length is less than the length of three-level movable plate.

As shown in figure 8, bottom fixed board is additionally provided in three groups of ladder loading assemblies, level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level The bottom of movable plate is connect with bottom fixed board respectively.

As shown in Fig. 6 or Fig. 8, cylinder pushing mechanism is equipped on rear side of three-level movable plate, cylinder pushing mechanism includes cylinder 12, floats The trailing flank of dynamic connector 13, movable push 14, sliding block 15, sliding block fixed plate 16 and guide rail 17, movable push and three-level movable plate is solid The end of fixed connection, cylinder is connected by the middle part of floating junction and movable push, and it is solid that sliding block is respectively set in movable push two sides Fixed board, each sliding block fixed plate is perpendicular with movable push respectively, and each movable push is equipped with sliding block, and feed hopper is located at cylinder two sides Outer wall be equipped with guide rail, sliding block is matched with guide rail, and sliding block is slided up and down along guide rail.In use, cylinder is by floating Dynamic connector drives movable push to move up and down, and movable push move down along guide rail by sliding block fixed plate band movable slider It is dynamic, simultaneously as level-one movable plate, second level movable plate are fixedly connected with the bottom of three-level movable plate by bottom fixed board, therefore, activity Push plate also drives level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate to move up and down, and during being somebody's turn to do, sliding block is closed with guide rail matching Guiding role.

In addition to above structure, in step feeder structure, limit plate 18, limit can be also equipped on the hopper side wall of cylinder side Plate is equipped with long hole 19, is equipped with position detecting switch 20 in long hole.Position detecting switch is moved up and down for detecting movable push When displacement, after movable push reaches capacity position, position detecting switch is sent a signal on the controller of cylinder, by controlling Device controls cylinder opening and closing.

As shown in Figure 10, in lag bolt Screen assemblies, inclination feed channel is that feedboard is obliquely installed the channel to be formed (this inclines Tilted direction be relative to horizontal direction for), tilt feed channel feed end height be greater than discharge end height;

Lag bolt excludes on plate, and lag bolt outlet is the rectangular through-hole being opened on lag bolt exclusion plate, lag bolt row The height of outlet is less than the length for being suitble to sized bolt.Under normal circumstances, the height of lag bolt outlet is slightly less than suitable specification The length of bolt, the height both can guarantee suitable sized bolt normal through length can also being made to be less than to greatest extent suitable The bolt for closing sized bolt is excluded, and guarantees the accuracy rate of its screening.In the structure, set since lag bolt excludes plate inclination It sets, therefore when bolt is by above lag bolt outlet, the bolt that length is less than lag bolt discharge open height can be due to weight Power effect is fallen directly into lag bolt outlet, to be sized exclusion.

As shown in figure 10 or 12, in lag bolt Screen assemblies, the two sides for arranging slot be respectively equipped be obliquely installed it is preceding solid Fixed board 27 and rear fixed plate 28 (inclined direction is for vertical direction), front shoe and rear fixed plate are parallel Setting, the crack formed between front shoe and rear fixed plate are arrangement slot;The left and right sides of front shoe and rear fixed plate it Between be fixed by the connecting rod connection, as shown in figure 11, rear fixed plate is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side skewback 29, and skewback bottom is equipped with Mounting plate 30, and be fixedly connected by mounting plate with the first vibrator;Lag bolt excludes plate and is also obliquely installed that (inclined direction is For vertical direction), and lag bolt excludes plate and is connected to form same inclined surface with rear fixed plate.

In lag bolt Screen assemblies, arrange slot and lag bolt and exclude to be additionally provided with recycling baffle on front side of plate, recycling baffle, after Fixed plate connects the recycling hopper 32 to form all round closure with lag bolt exclusion plate;In step feeder structure, feeding funnel bottom part Side is equipped with recycling hopper 22 (as shown in Figure 5), and the bottom opening for recycling hopper is connect by recycling hopper with feed hopper.Due to Bolt on inclination feed channel mainly leans on the effect of vibration of the first vibrator to enter in arrangement slot and is arranged, therefore has portion Divide bolt that cannot accurately enter arrangement slot, to fall into recycling hopper, in addition, bolt, which enters lag bolt by arrangement slot, excludes plate When upper, plate top sides edge was excluded due to only having side to hang on lag bolt at the nut at the top of bolt, in the first vibrator Effect of vibration under, have part bolt and fall, can be recycled and be re-fed into feed hopper again by recycling hopper at this time.

In stay bolt Screen assemblies, preceding guide plate and rear deflector are vertically arranged, guide groove and lag bolt Screen assemblies In lag bolt exclude plate top sides along connection, bolt enters after guide groove in vertical suspension status.

In stay bolt Screen assemblies, the distance between at the top of block and preceding guide plate top sides edge, which is greater than, is suitble to sized bolt Length;Along the conveying direction of bolt, notch is equipped on preceding guide plate at the front of block;Block has the inclined-plane inclined-plane Inclined direction be for vertical direction), along the conveying direction of bolt, block thickness is gradually increased;Inclined-plane is set Setting can play the guiding role to the discharge of stay bolt, make it steadily from the stay bolt outlet discharge below block.Ordinary circumstance Under, the distance between at the top of block and preceding guide plate top sides edge is slightly larger than the length for being suitble to sized bolt, and the distance was both Can guarantee suitable sized bolt normal through length can also being made to be greater than to greatest extent, the bolt of sized bolt is suitble to be arranged It removes, guarantees the accuracy rate of its screening.In the structure, when bolt is sent at block along guide groove, due on preceding guide plate this Place is gap structure, and the nut that bolt only has side in this section of guide groove is hung on rear deflector, and the other side is hanging, so As long as length is greater than at the top of block and the bolt of preceding guide plate top sides distance between, can all be hindered in the indentation, there by block Gear, and then fall at stay bolt outlet, and sized bolt is suitble to then to continue to convey along guide groove.

Above-mentioned bolt automatic charging device in use, its working principle is that:

(1) in step feeder structure, bolt is placed in feed hopper, and cylinder drives level-one movable plate, two by movable push Grade movable plate and three-level movable plate are displaced downwardly to lowest order, and bolt is made to fall into the inclined-plane at the top of level-one movable plate, and then level-one movable plate, second level are dynamic Plate and three-level movable plate gradually on move to highest order, the top surface of level-one fixed board connects to forming the first rank with the top surface of level-one movable plate at this time Tread, since the first cascaded surface has gradient, under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into the top surface of level-one fixed board;Cylinder band Dynamic level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate are displaced downwardly to lowest order again, at this time the top surface of level-one fixed board and second level movable plate Top surface connects to forming First Transition face, and since First Transition face is with gradient, under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into two The top surface of grade movable plate, then level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate gradually on move to highest order, the top of second level fixed board at this time Face connects to forming the second cascaded surface with the top surface of second level movable plate, since the second cascaded surface has gradient, in gravity Under, bolt falls into the top surface of second level fixed board;It is minimum that cylinder drives level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate to be displaced downwardly to again Position, the top surface of second level fixed board connects to forming the second transition face with the top surface of three-level movable plate at this time, due to the second transition face with Gradient, therefore under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into the top surface of three-level movable plate, and then level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level are dynamic Plate gradually on move to highest order, the top surface of three-level fixed board connects to forming third cascaded surface with the top surface of three-level movable plate at this time, due to Third cascaded surface has gradient, therefore under the effect of gravity, bolt falls into the top surface (i.e. bolt output face) of three-level fixed board, and From the inclination feed channel that the output face is sent to vibration screening mechanism.

(2) in vibration screening mechanism, after the bolt from ladder feeding mechanism enters inclination feed channel, since inclination is fed Road tilts gradually downward, in addition the effect of vibration of the first vibrator, bolt is gradually fallen into forward in arrangement slot, arranges due to being formed The front shoe and rear fixed plate of slot are obliquely installed, therefore bolt falls into also inclined suspension status after arrangement slot;First Under the effect of vibration of vibrator, bolt along arrangement slot gradually forward permutations and enter lag bolt exclude plate on, due to lag bolt arrange Superconducting tilting suspension state is still kept except plate is also obliquely installed, therefore after bolt entrance, but there was only one at the nut at the top of bolt at this time Side mounting excludes plate top sides edge in lag bolt, and the other side is hanging;When bolt reaches at lag bolt outlet, length is less than should The bolt of lag bolt discharge open height can be fallen directly into lag bolt outlet due to gravity, to be sized exclusion;It is long The bolt (bolt and stay bolt including being suitble to specification) that degree is greater than lag bolt discharge open height continues to be fed forward, and second Enter in the deflector chute of stay bolt Screen assemblies under the effect of vibration of vibrator, when bolt is delivered at block, due to leading It is herein gap structure on plate, the nut that bolt only has side in this section of guide groove is hung on rear deflector, the other side Vacantly, in conjunction with the effect of vibration of the second vibrator, as long as so length is greater than at the top of block and preceding guide plate top sides are between The bolt of distance can all be stopped by block in the indentation, there, and then fall at stay bolt outlet, complete the screening row of stay bolt It removes, and sized bolt is suitble to then to continue to convey along guide groove and send out vibration screening mechanism.

As described above, the present invention can be better realized, above-described embodiment is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not used To limit practical range of the invention;It is i.e. all according to equivalent changes and modifications made by the content of present invention, all wanted for right of the present invention Range claimed is asked to be covered.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of bolt automatic charging device, which is characterized in that including the step feeder structure being connected and vibration screening mechanism, Vibration screening mechanism includes lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies, according to the conveying direction of bolt, step feeder Structure, lag bolt Screen assemblies and stay bolt Screen assemblies are sequentially connected;
Step feeder structure includes feed hopper and at least one set of ladder loading assemblies, and ladder loading assemblies include being parallel to each other and inclining The fixed board and movable plate being tiltedly arranged, fixed board are fixed on feed hopper side wall, and movable plate is moved up and down relative to fixed board;
Lag bolt Screen assemblies include that sequentially connected inclination feed channel, arrangement slot and lag bolt exclude plate, and lag bolt excludes plate It is obliquely installed, lag bolt excludes plate and is equipped with lag bolt outlet, and lag bolt outlet is to be opened in lag bolt to exclude on plate Rectangular through-hole, the height of lag bolt outlet are less than the length for being suitble to sized bolt, and lag bolt excludes top sides edge and the row of plate Column slot concordantly connects, and the first vibrator is arranged in the bottom that inclination feed channel, arrangement slot and lag bolt exclude plate;
Stay bolt Screen assemblies include preceding guide plate and rear deflector arranged in parallel, between preceding guide plate and rear deflector Guide groove is formed, the side of preceding guide plate is equipped with block, and block has inclined-plane, and along the conveying direction of bolt, block thickness is gradually Increase, block lower section are advised equipped with stay bolt outlet, the distance between block top and preceding guide plate top sides edge greater than suitable The second vibrator is arranged in the length of lattice bolt, preceding guide plate and rear deflector bottom.
2. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step feeder structure, into Three groups of ladder loading assemblies, from low to high by mounting height, fixed board and movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies are equipped in hopper Respectively level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level fixed board, second level movable plate, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate;
When the movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies is moved to highest order, the top surface of level-one fixed board and the top surface phase of level-one movable plate It connects to form the first cascaded surface, the top surface of second level fixed board connects to forming the second cascaded surface with the top surface of second level movable plate, three-level fixed board Top surface connects to forming third cascaded surface with the top surface of three-level movable plate;
When the movable plate in three groups of ladder loading assemblies is moved to lowest order, the top surface of level-one movable plate and the bottom surface of feed hopper are equal Together, the top surface of level-one fixed board connects to forming First Transition face with the top surface of second level movable plate, the top surface of second level fixed board and three-level movable plate Top surface connect to forming the second transition face, the top surface of third fixed board is located at the top of feed hopper, and the top surface of third fixed board is bolt Output face, bolt output face are connect with the inclination feed channel in lag bolt apart assembly;
First cascaded surface, the second cascaded surface, third cascaded surface, First Transition face and the second transition face are inclined-plane.
3. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the level-one fixed board and level-one movable plate Step loading assemblies are formed, second level fixed board and second level movable plate form second level ladder loading assemblies, and three-level fixed board and three-level are dynamic Board group is at three-level ladder loading assemblies;Level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level fixed board, second level movable plate, three-level fixed board and three-level movable plate It is the rectangular plate with a thickness of 20~30mm, level-one fixed board, level-one movable plate, second level fixed board, second level movable plate, three-level fixed board and three Grade movable plate successively connects from the front to the back.
4. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that in three groups of ladder loading assemblies It is additionally provided with bottom fixed board, the bottom of level-one movable plate, second level movable plate and three-level movable plate is connect with bottom fixed board respectively.
5. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be equipped with gas on rear side of the three-level movable plate Cylinder pushing mechanism, cylinder pushing mechanism include cylinder, floating junction, movable push, sliding block, sliding block fixed plate and guide rail, activity Push plate is fixedly connected with the trailing flank of three-level movable plate, and the end of cylinder is connected by the middle part of floating junction and movable push, living Sliding block fixed plate is respectively set in dynamic push plate two sides, and each sliding block fixed plate is perpendicular with movable push respectively, sets in each movable push There is sliding block, the outer wall that feed hopper is located at cylinder two sides is equipped with guide rail, and sliding block is matched with guide rail, and sliding block is carried out along guide rail Lower slider.
6. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the lag bolt Screen assemblies, Inclination feed channel is that feedboard is obliquely installed the channel to be formed, and the feed end height for tilting feed channel is greater than discharge end height.
7. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the lag bolt Screen assemblies, The two sides of arrangement slot are respectively equipped with the front shoe and rear fixed plate being obliquely installed, front shoe and rear fixed plate is parallel sets It sets, the crack formed between front shoe and rear fixed plate is arrangement slot;
Connection, the left and right sides difference of rear fixed plate are fixed by the connecting rod between front shoe and the left and right sides of rear fixed plate Equipped with skewback, skewback bottom is equipped with mounting plate, and is fixedly connected by mounting plate with the first vibrator;
Lag bolt excludes plate and is connected to form same inclined surface with rear fixed plate.
8. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the lag bolt Screen assemblies, Arrangement slot and lag bolt exclude to be additionally provided with recycling baffle on front side of plate, and recycling baffle, rear fixed plate and lag bolt exclude plate and connect Form the recycling hopper of all round closure;
In step feeder structure, the side of feeding funnel bottom part is equipped with recycling hopper, and the bottom opening for recycling hopper passes through reclaimed materials Slot is connect with feed hopper.
9. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the stay bolt Screen assemblies, Preceding guide plate and rear deflector are vertically arranged, and the lag bolt in guide groove and lag bolt Screen assemblies excludes plate top sides along even It connects, bolt enters after guide groove in vertical suspension status.
10. a kind of bolt automatic charging device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that leading along the conveying direction of bolt Notch is equipped at the front of block on plate.
CN201710411747.XA 2017-06-05 2017-06-05 A kind of bolt automatic charging device CN107032095B (en)

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CN107791444A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-13 广东联塑科技实业有限公司 A kind of device and method of copper insert automatic charging
CN107934462A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-04-20 武汉恒精电热设备有限公司 Unordered feeding device
CN109250433A (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-22 常州工学院 Based on the vertical knife and fork feeder of motor-gear-rack-driving
CN109926861A (en) * 2019-02-21 2019-06-25 河北工程大学 A kind of flexible adjustment feeding device
CN110340263B (en) * 2019-08-14 2020-11-24 中原利达铁路轨道技术发展有限公司 Automatic spike production system
CN110480297A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-22 苏州阿特拉斯机器人系统工程有限公司 A kind of screw rod feeding device for the installation of highly integrated ion purifier stack of laminations
CN110666474A (en) * 2019-09-30 2020-01-10 精海联科(宁波)智能设备有限公司 Screw orientation method

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JPH11286322A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-19 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Part ordely feeding device
JP2003192118A (en) * 2001-12-27 2003-07-09 Nitto Seiko Co Ltd Component supply device
CN102049388A (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-11 天津北科精工自动化科技发展有限责任公司 Device for automatically separating and delivering bolts
CN102942041A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-02-27 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Wafting distribution type high-speed intelligent automatic separating screw supply mechanism
CN204448599U (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-07-08 温州金嘉品紧固件有限公司 The sieve material assembly of screw screening machine

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