CN107027494A - The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation - Google Patents

The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107027494A
CN107027494A CN201710347500.6A CN201710347500A CN107027494A CN 107027494 A CN107027494 A CN 107027494A CN 201710347500 A CN201710347500 A CN 201710347500A CN 107027494 A CN107027494 A CN 107027494A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
formula
recovery
revegetation
area
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710347500.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方震东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shangri-La Alpine Botanical Garden Ecological Restoration Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shangri-La Alpine Botanical Garden Ecological Restoration Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shangri-La Alpine Botanical Garden Ecological Restoration Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Shangri-La Alpine Botanical Garden Ecological Restoration Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710347500.6A priority Critical patent/CN107027494A/en
Publication of CN107027494A publication Critical patent/CN107027494A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/40Monitoring or fighting invasive species

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation, the seed formula is made up of basic components and function formula, wherein, basic components are made up of the percentage by weight of following components:Pinus yunnanensis 20%, Anlnus nepalensis 20%, Coriaria sinica 10%, the fragrant green grass or young crops 20% of vane, medium clay loam 30%;Function formula is made up of the percentage by weight of following components:Yunnan Chinese ash 5%, tribute mountain Neolitsea aurata 3%, high mountain cepehalotaxus fortunei 2%, Cornus controversa 3%, bright pink wooden 5%, birch leaf viburnum dilatatum thunb 2%, Euptelea pleiospermum 2%, Sorbus alnifloria 3%, Ligustrum quihoui 5%, Hypericum bellum 7%, silk ball rose 1%, felt hair Xun 2%, tribute mountain Ji 3%, Jin Mao 9%, Ravenna grass 9%, S.macrosperma 9%, medium clay loam 30%.The present invention recovers local vegetation and flora using local species, advantageously forms the phytobiocoenose landscape harmonious with local vegetation landscape, it is to avoid the alienation of ecological restoration zone vegetation landscape, extensive and gardening, prevents harmful foreign term.

Description

The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method for revegetation, the seed for relating in particular to a kind of revegetation of warming shed method area is matched somebody with somebody Side.
Background technology
Warming shed method area is primarily referred to as the middle mountain zone in southwestern (Yunnan-Guizhou Sichuan-Tibet) mountain region in China, and height above sea level is generally in 2000- 2800 meters of scopes, its representative vegetation is mainly Pinus Yunnanensis Forest, Anlnus nepalensis woods, hemlock forest and evergreen broadleaf forest, because the mankind live Action is used, and many regional vegetations are destroyed quite serious, had a strong impact on the balance of these local area ecologicals, it is necessary to Shi Duigai areas The vegetation in domain is recovered.
Because recovery process is more complicated, different regions are different due to local vegetation, and the mode of recovery is also variant, therefore Recover " formula " and seem particularly critical." formula " concept in traditional Chinese medicine and pharmacy is borrowed in the present invention, it is proposed that ecological vegetation is extensive Multiple " seed formula " term, i.e. " seed formula " under each different ecological environmental condition, are exactly a kind of specific ring of recovery The technical method (or scheme) of border vegetation.It is for treating a certain illness, vegetation that just for example traditional Chinese physician, which outputs each formula, The seed formula of recovery is the vegetation for recovering a certain regional (or on plot), there is the hidden of " method for the treatment of earth's surface wound " Analogy.With this maximally related term it is " mixed seeding seed " or " mixed seeding scheme " in revegetation.Both are disposably something in common Seed is sowed, expected revegetation effect is reached.Difference is that the latter's concept is relatively obscured, and academic implied meaning is not strong, unfavorable In the long-term use on ecological recovery and afforestation project subject.
The exploitation of " seed formula " needs deep Plant Taxonomy and ecological scientific research and the accumulation of working practice experience, Can not be arbitrarily casual and be that otherwise may bring counter productive.Some seed is formulated the method nor universally applicable. Due to the difference of various regions natural environment, the seed formula of revegetation also should be each discrepant, that is, need exploitation because of ground The seed formula of suiting measures to different conditions.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency to recover local vegetation and plant using local species there is provided one kind Fauna, it is to avoid the alienation of ecological restoration zone vegetation landscape, extensive and gardening, prevents the warming shed method of harmful foreign term The seed formula of area vegetation.
Realize the technical scheme is that:A kind of seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation, by basic components and Function formula is constituted:
The basic components are made up of the percentage by weight of following components:Pinus yunnanensis 20%, Anlnus nepalensis 20%, Coriaria sinica 10%, the fragrant green grass or young crops 20% of vane, medium-clay loam 30%;
The function formula is made up of the percentage by weight of following components:Yunnan Chinese ash 5%, tribute mountain Neolitsea aurata 3% is high Mountain cepehalotaxus fortunei 2%, Cornus controversa 3%, bright pink wooden 5%, birch leaf viburnum dilatatum thunb 2%, Euptelea pleiospermum 2%, Sorbus alnifloria 3%, Ligustrum quihoui 5% is beautiful Beautiful Hypericum Chinense 7%, silk ball rose 1%, felt hair Xun 2%, tribute mountain Ji 3%, Jin Mao 9%, Ravenna grass 9%, S.macrosperma 9%, Medium-clay loam 30%.
The invention also provides the development approach that the seed of above-mentioned warming shed method area revegetation is formulated, including following step Suddenly:
(1):Investigation recovers the vegetation present situation and flora present situation on region and periphery, understands local phytobiocoenose and builds group The ecological problem that kind, sociales, association species, harmful alien species and recovery district face;
(2):Investigation recovers the terrain environment in plot, meteorological and hydrologic(al) regime;
(3):According to As-Is analysis, recovery tasks and target, " the seed formula " and recovery scheme of revegetation are formulated.
The present invention also proposes the application method of the seed formula of above-mentioned warming shed method area revegetation, and this method is used to recover The vegetation in warming shed method area, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: collection seed:According to seed formula in summer and autumn winter herborization fruit and seed;
Step 2: seed treatment:The fruit of each plant collected is removed with the mode dried, wash, ground Pericarp, obtains pure seed, and the seed of acquisition is deposited at shady and cool ventilation;
Step 3: mixing seed:According to recovery block area, unit area application rate and seed formula rate hybrid Seed;
Step 4:Sow formula seed:Winter-spring season is spread on plot is recovered by hand, machine is sowed or mud jetting Mode sows formula seed;Hand is spread sowed with machine after, then manually with rake soil surface harrow one time, so that seed is fallen into In soil, and water in good time.
Preferably, in addition to monitoring recovery effects the step of:, can be with by the growth in a rainy season after the completion of constructing Recovery effects then are monitored in the 8-10 months, are decided whether to adopt remedial measures according to recovery effects, remedial measure repeat step One arrives step 4.
Preferably, hand spreads to sow with machine and is adapted in section of easy grade operation in the step 4, and mud jetting is adapted to The operation on abrupt slope, cliff.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, recover local vegetation and flora using local species, advantageously form harmonious with local vegetation landscape Phytobiocoenose landscape;The alienation of ecological restoration zone vegetation landscape, extensive and gardening are avoided, prevents harmful alien species from entering Invade;
2nd, be conducive to protecting local bio-diversity.With revegetation and the recovery of local species, wild animal also can Successive Regression;
3rd, the income of locals can be increased by gathering local species seed;
4th, the ecological effects of this project invention are better than the greening or " recovery " that purchase alien species seed is carried out;
5th, the financial cost of this project invention is less than or equal to the greening or " extensive that purchase alien species seed, seedling are carried out It is multiple ".
Embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described below.Based on the implementation in the present invention Example, the every other embodiment that those skilled in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made belongs to this hair The scope of bright protection.
Embodiment 1:
Effect of various components is shown in Tables 1 and 2 in the seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation in the present invention
Table 1:Basic components-seed of warming shed method area revegetation-constructive species recovers
Table 2:Function formula-seed-the Plant Diversity of warming shed method area revegetation is recovered
The development approach of the seed formula of above-mentioned warming shed method area revegetation, including step are as follows:
(1):Investigation recovers the vegetation present situation and flora present situation on region and periphery, understands local phytobiocoenose and builds group The ecological problem that kind, sociales, association species, harmful alien species and recovery district face;
(2):Investigation recovers the terrain environment in plot, meteorological and hydrologic(al) regime;
(3):According to As-Is analysis, recovery tasks and target, " the seed formula " and recovery scheme of revegetation are formulated.
Vegetation of the above-mentioned seed formula application method for recovering warming shed method area, including step are as follows:
Step one:Seed is gathered, according to seed formula in summer and autumn winter herborization fruit and seed, most plants seed Ripe in the 8-10 months, a few species such as Coriaria sinica seed is ripe in the 7-8 months, and Chinese photinia, fiery spine and fir are ripe in the 11-12 months;
Step 2:Seed treatment, by the fruit of each plant collected with drying, the method such as wash, grind and remove Pericarp, obtains pure seed, and the seed of acquisition is deposited at shady and cool ventilation;
Step 3:Seed is mixed, according to recovery block area, unit area application rate and seed formula rate hybrid Seed;
Step 4:Formula seed is sowed, winter-spring season can be spread on plot is recovered by hand, machine is sowed, mud sprays The mode such as broadcast and sow formula seed;Hand, which spreads to sow with machine, to be adapted in section of easy grade operation, mud jetting be adapted to abrupt slope, Operation on cliff;Hand is spread sowed with machine after, then manually with rake soil surface harrow one time, so that seed is fallen into soil, And water in good time;The effect one watered is to promote seed to sprout, and two be that the seed of soil surface is washed with water into soil or rubble In seam, with the seed of mud jetting without watering;
Step 5:Monitor recovery effects.After the completion of construction, by the growth in a rainy season, it can monitor and work as in the 8-10 months The recovery effects in year, decide whether to adopt remedial measures according to recovery effects, and remedial measure repeat step one arrives step 4.
(4) seed formula remarks additionally
When using " the seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation " is somebody's turn to do, according to seed acquisition situation, with recovering region Situations such as shape environment, purpose recovered, appropriate adjustment can be done to the species and ratio of the seed formula.Abrupt slope, cliff etc. The recovery of local small plot, require that using basic components with regard to that can meet recovery sometimes, gentle slope etc. larger recovery patch, can tie The target of the functional rehabilitations such as diversity is closed, the local endemic plant seed of addition is recovered in the lump.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God is with principle, and any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. the seed formula of a kind of warming shed method area revegetation, it is characterised in that be made up of basic components and function formula:
The basic components are made up of the percentage by weight of following components:Pinus yunnanensis 20%, Anlnus nepalensis 20%, Coriaria sinica 10%, rotation The fragrant green grass or young crops 20% of leaf, medium-clay loam 30%;
The function formula is made up of the percentage by weight of following components:Yunnan Chinese ash 5%, tribute mountain Neolitsea aurata 3%, high mountain three Sharp China fir 2%, Cornus controversa 3%, bright pink wooden 5%, birch leaf viburnum dilatatum thunb 2%, Euptelea pleiospermum 2%, Sorbus alnifloria 3%, Ligustrum quihoui 5%, beautiful gold Silk peach 7%, silk ball rose 1%, felt hair Xun 2%, tribute mountain Ji 3%, Jin Mao 9%, Ravenna grass 9%, S.macrosperma 9%, medium- Clay loam 30%.
2. a kind of development approach of the seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation described in claim 1, it is characterised in that including Following steps:
(1):Investigation recovery region and the vegetation present situation and flora present situation on periphery, the local phytobiocoenose constructive species of understanding, The ecological problem that sociales, association species, harmful alien species and recovery district face;
(2):Investigation recovers the terrain environment in plot, meteorological and hydrologic(al) regime;
(3):According to As-Is analysis, recovery tasks and target, " the seed formula " and recovery scheme of revegetation are formulated.
3. a kind of application method of the seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation described in claim 1, it is characterised in that including Following steps:
Step 1: collection seed:According to seed formula in summer and autumn winter herborization fruit and seed;
Step 2: seed treatment:The fruit of each plant collected is removed into pericarp with the mode dried, wash, ground, Pure seed is obtained, the seed of acquisition is deposited at shady and cool ventilation;
Step 3: mixing seed:According to recovery block area, unit area application rate and seed formula rate mixing seed;
Step 4:Sow formula seed:Winter-spring season is spread hand on plot is recovered, machine is sowed or mud jetting by way of Sow formula seed;Hand is spread sowed with machine after, then manually with rake soil surface harrow one time, so that seed falls into soil In, and water in good time.
4. the application method of the seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation according to claim 3, it is characterised in that also wrap The step of including monitoring recovery effects:After the completion of constructing, by the growth in a rainy season, then extensive can be monitored in the 8-10 months Multiple effect, decides whether to adopt remedial measures according to recovery effects, and remedial measure repeat step one arrives step 4.
5. the application method of the seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described Hand spreads to sow with machine and is adapted in section of easy grade operation in step 4, and mud jetting is adapted to the operation on abrupt slope, cliff.
CN201710347500.6A 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation Pending CN107027494A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710347500.6A CN107027494A (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710347500.6A CN107027494A (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107027494A true CN107027494A (en) 2017-08-11

Family

ID=59537840

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710347500.6A Pending CN107027494A (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107027494A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112154729A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-01 中铁二局第一工程有限公司 Composite seed for vegetation restoration in alpine regions of Yunnan northwest plateau

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1647608A (en) * 2005-03-01 2005-08-03 四川省励自生态技术有限公司 Southern herbal, bush and arbor anti-contravariance plant mixed seeds
CN103703957A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 长江大学 Slope protection method for highway slopes
CN104472176A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-01 华侨大学 Construction method for ecological restoration of riparian vegetation of mountain rivers

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1647608A (en) * 2005-03-01 2005-08-03 四川省励自生态技术有限公司 Southern herbal, bush and arbor anti-contravariance plant mixed seeds
CN103703957A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 长江大学 Slope protection method for highway slopes
CN104472176A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-01 华侨大学 Construction method for ecological restoration of riparian vegetation of mountain rivers

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
朱冰冰等: "金沙江干热河谷植物种类与立地类型的配置", 《长江科学院院报》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112154729A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-01 中铁二局第一工程有限公司 Composite seed for vegetation restoration in alpine regions of Yunnan northwest plateau

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102613056B (en) Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum
CN102487691B (en) Ecological planting method for himalayan teasel roots
CN101317523A (en) Shrub and grass mix seeding type side slope ecological renovation method
CN101233808B (en) Medicinal anoectochilus formosan stem-cutting root-retaining regeneration planting method
CN104221673A (en) Method for cultivating golden camellia under eucalyptus forest
CN105123381B (en) A kind of method for culturing seedlings of blue or green money willow
CN104488652B (en) Method for cultivating Paris polyphylla by using grape forest lands
CN105684708A (en) Method for interplanting traditional Chinese medicinal materials in karst area abandoned farmland in stereoscopic compound mode
CN104255106B (en) Hillside economic forest wood powder ridge cultivation method
CN106305021A (en) Method for treating desertification grassland
CN109526506B (en) Cultivation management method for interplanting Chinese mahonia under walnut forest in stony desertification region
CN106561395A (en) Planting method of rosin organic tea
CN106900345A (en) A kind of implantation methods for improving polyoses content in the bletilla striata
CN104145691A (en) Method for sustainable management of high and cold sand land in Northwestern Sichuan with rhodiola rosea
CN106489470A (en) A kind of Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae method for culturing seedlings
CN106134723A (en) A kind of detoxification implantation methods of gold zone Radix Ipomoeae
CN106613172B (en) Original ecological planting method of anoectochilus roxburghii in Guangdong-oriented chemical-change lake sky and land
CN109006225A (en) A kind of implantation methods of Herba Epimedii
CN107155566A (en) The seed formula of dry-warm valley climatic province revegetation
CN107347290A (en) A kind of method for greening side slope of southwest
CN106900320A (en) A kind of implantation methods of fine work astragalus mongolicus
CN107027494A (en) The seed formula of warming shed method area revegetation
Tewari et al. Bamboo based agroforestry systems
CN105660121A (en) Under-forest planting method for panax stipuleanatus
CN1596608A (en) Method of restoring deteriorated vegetation ecological system of karst mountain area

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination