CN107024123A - A kind of integral heat radiator and heat dissipating method - Google Patents

A kind of integral heat radiator and heat dissipating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107024123A
CN107024123A CN201610077898.1A CN201610077898A CN107024123A CN 107024123 A CN107024123 A CN 107024123A CN 201610077898 A CN201610077898 A CN 201610077898A CN 107024123 A CN107024123 A CN 107024123A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
transfer
cavity
radiator
circulatory mediator
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CN201610077898.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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边疆
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边疆
范志军
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Priority to CN201610077898.1A priority Critical patent/CN107024123A/en
Publication of CN107024123A publication Critical patent/CN107024123A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/053Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being straight
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of integral heat radiator and heat dissipating method, and radiator is specifically disclosed including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface, the structural member where housing, hot interface and heat-transfer surface surrounds in an airtight cavity, cavity and is provided with circulatory mediator.The inner surface of structural member where heat-transfer surface is contacted with circulatory mediator, and outer surface and air contact, the outer surface are radiating surface.The present invention realizes the heat output from hot interface to heat-transfer surface using the capacity of heat transmission of circulatory mediator, effectively shortens heat conduction distance, realizes single-stage heat conduction;On the other hand, using siphon or vacuum, gravity or vacuum liquid-absorbing core principle, inside cavity circulatory mediator can reach the preferable recurrent state of temperature consistency, because the inner surface of the structural member where heat-transfer surface all contacts circulatory mediator, conducted heat after solid-liquid heat convection to heat-transfer surface, so that heat-transfer surface and the temperature consistency of air contact surfaces are preferably, the equal Warm status of class can be realized, heat exchange efficiency is effectively increased.

Description

A kind of integral heat radiator and heat dissipating method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of heat dissipation, be related to a kind of radiator and heat dissipating method, and in particular to a kind of integral heat radiator and Heat dissipating method.
Background technology
At present, known radiator is made up of thermal-arrest, heat conduction, three kinds of funtion parts of heat exchange, especially in radiator with high performance, Three kinds of structures correspond to corresponding functional part.In traditional heat sinks, the basic exchange capability of heat of lifting is (under optional concurrent condition Heat-transfer surface efficiency) be only capable of by increase heat exchange area, due to its three stage structure, cause traditional heat sinks must using thermal resistance compared with High multisection type heat conduction, especially in the heat-transfer surface heat conduction stage, its fin configuration feature causes thermal resistance huge.Due to thermal resistance problem, Traditional heat sinks heat-transfer surface temperature consistency is poor, and heat-transfer surface is less efficient.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome traditional heat sinks to work, thermal resistance is high, and the deficiency of heat-transfer surface inefficiency dissipates the invention provides a kind of integration Hot device, surrounds an airtight cavity by heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface, realizes that single-stage is efficient using the circulatory mediator of inside cavity Heat conduction.In addition, present invention also offers a kind of heat dissipating method based on integral heat radiator, specifically including and utilizing liquid siphon heat Drive the heat dissipating method, the heat dissipating method using vacuum, gravity steam-condensate circulating and the radiating using vacuum liquid-absorbing core steam-condensate circulating of circulation Method.
The present invention to achieve these goals, the technical scheme used for:
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface, the knot where the housing, hot interface and heat-transfer surface Component surrounds an airtight cavity;Circulatory mediator is provided with the cavity;The one side of structural member where the heat-transfer surface is with following Ring medium is contacted, another side and air contact, should be heat-transfer surface with the face of air contact.
Further, the heat-transfer surface is culvert type or non-culvert type.
Further, the structural member where the culvert type heat-transfer surface includes at least one culvert type mozzle of through cavities, The section of each culvert type mozzle is circular or ellipse or triangle or polygon.
A kind of method for applying integral heat radiator as described above to be radiated, thermal source heat production is passed in cavity through hot interface Circulatory mediator, circulatory mediator contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface again, and heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
It is preferred that, the circulatory mediator be the circulating liquid full of the cavity, the hot interface be arranged on radiator side or Bottom surface.
A kind of method for applying integral heat radiator as described above to be radiated, thermal source heat production is passed in cavity through hot interface Circulating liquid, produce upward power after circulating liquid is heated, in the presence of siphon, form stable recurrent state, follow Ring liquid contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface as heat-carrying agent, and heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
It is preferred that, it is vacuum in the cavity, the hot interface is arranged on the bottom of radiator, and the circulatory mediator is to be arranged on The part circulating liquid of cavity bottom, the part circulating liquid can be met by Action of Gravity Field phase transformation.
It is preferred that, it is vacuum in the cavity, the circulatory mediator is the part circulating liquid being arranged in cavity, and the part is followed Ring liquid can meet in phase transformation circulation, the cavity and cavity inner wall is provided with liquid-sucking core.
The gasification temperature of liquid is low under a kind of method for applying two kinds of integral heat radiators as described above to be radiated, subnormal ambient In atmospheric pressure environment, after thermal source heat production passes to the circulating liquid in cavity through hot interface, circulating liquid gasifies and is full of cavity, chamber After internal subnormal ambient is destroyed, the circulatory mediator of gasification is in heat-transfer surface region liquefaction simultaneously heat release, heat-transfer surface and air progress pair Stream heat exchange completes radiating work.
The computer cabinet or internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiator of a kind of application continuum radiator, the one Change radiator include heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface, the structural member where the housing, hot interface and heat-transfer surface surround one it is close Closed chamber body;Circulatory mediator is provided with the cavity;The one side of structural member where the heat-transfer surface is contacted with circulatory mediator, separately Simultaneously with air contact.
Further, the heat-transfer surface is culvert type or non-culvert type.
Further, the structural member where the culvert type heat-transfer surface includes at least one culvert type mozzle of through cavities, The section of each culvert type mozzle is circular or ellipse or triangle or polygon.
It is preferred that, the circulatory mediator be the circulating liquid full of the cavity, the hot interface be arranged on radiator side or Bottom surface.
It is preferred that, it is vacuum in the cavity, the hot interface is arranged on the bottom of radiator, and the circulatory mediator is to be arranged on The part circulating liquid of cavity bottom.
It is preferred that, it is vacuum in the cavity, the circulatory mediator is the part circulating liquid being arranged in cavity, the cavity It is interior that cavity inner wall is provided with liquid-sucking core.
The present invention advantageous effects be:Structural member where heat-transfer surface, radiator shell and hot interface are surrounded one by the present invention Circulatory mediator is provided with individual airtight cavity, cavity, is realized using the high-efficiency heat conduction ability of circulatory mediator from hot interface to heat-transfer surface Heat conveying, substantially reduce the high nature material heat conduction stroke of traditional heat sinks thermal resistance, realize single-stage heat conduction;The opposing party Face, using siphon or vacuum, gravity or vacuum liquid-absorbing core principle, it is preferable that inside cavity circulatory mediator can reach temperature consistency Recurrent state, because the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface is all contacted after circulatory mediator, solid-liquid heat convection to heat-transfer surface institute Structural member another side heat transfer, that is, conduct heat to heat-transfer surface so that heat-transfer surface and the temperature consistency of air contact surfaces are carried Rise, the equal Warm status of class can be realized, heat exchange efficiency is effectively increased.In addition, the heat spreader structures of the invention provided are simple, system Make with low cost, it is easy to be widely adopted.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the internal structure schematic diagram that interior liquid siphon heat drives integral heat radiator;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the opposite side of radiator in accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of the integral heat radiator of tower structure;
Accompanying drawing 4 is the sectional view of radiator in accompanying drawing 3;
Accompanying drawing 5 is the dimensional structure diagram of single tube vacuum, gravity integral heat radiator;
Accompanying drawing 6 is the sectional view of radiator in accompanying drawing 5;
Accompanying drawing 7 is the dimensional structure diagram of bridge-type vacuum, gravity integral heat radiator;
Accompanying drawing 8 is the sectional view of radiator in accompanying drawing 7;
Wherein:1st, shell;2nd, cavity;3rd, steam vent;4th, culvert type water conservancy diversion;5th, cover plate 5;6th, interface area;7th, every Plate;8th, hot interface;9th, screw;10th, capillary groove;11st, base;12nd, cavity;13rd, wing plate;14th, vaporization chamber;15、 Linkage section cavity;16th, condensation chamber;17th, fixing device;18th, fixing threaded hole;19th, equipment compartment;20th, waterproof tenon.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, to this hair It is bright to be further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is used only for explaining the present invention, it is impossible to manage Solve as the restriction to specific protection domain of the invention.
1~8 pair of embodiment of the invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface 8, housing, hot interface 8 and the knot where heat-transfer surface Component surrounds in an airtight cavity 2, cavity 2 and is provided with circulatory mediator.Wherein, the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface with Circulatory mediator is contacted, another side and air contact, should and the face of air contact be that structural member where heat-transfer surface, heat-transfer surface will Circulatory mediator is transmitted through the heat transfer come into air, realizes heat exchange.Housing is by shell 1, dividing plate 7, base 11 of radiator etc. The basic attachment structure such as supporting construction and screw 9, interface area 6 composition.Hot interface 8 is contacted with thermal source, and thermal source heat production is passed To internal circulatory mediator.Circulatory mediator can be gas or liquid, and wherein liquid can be the mixing of water, water and alcohol, mercury Etc..As shown in Fig. 1~8.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of heat dissipating method, and thermal source heat production passes to the circulatory mediator in cavity 2 through hot interface 8, followed Ring medium contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface again, and heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
The integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided is applied to computer cabinet or internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiating Device, but it is not limited to above-mentioned application.In the equipment and field for wherein needing radiating, the integral heat dissipation that the present embodiment is provided Device is equally applicable.
Embodiment 2
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface 8, housing, hot interface 8 and the knot where heat-transfer surface Component surrounds in an airtight cavity 2, cavity 2 and is provided with circulatory mediator.Wherein, the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface with Circulatory mediator is contacted, another side and air contact, should be heat-transfer surface with the face of air contact.In the present embodiment, heat-transfer surface institute The outer surface of structural member contacted with circulatory mediator, inner surface and air contact, the inner surface are heat-transfer surface.Heat-transfer surface is Culvert type, as shown in Fig. 1,2,5~8.Culvert type heat-transfer surface can enter row constraint to the motion of air and be connect with improving with heat-transfer surface The movement velocity of tactile air, improves heat exchange efficiency.
Structural member where culvert type heat-transfer surface includes at least one culvert type mozzle 4 of through cavities 2.Each culvert type water conservancy diversion The cross sectional shape of pipe 4 is not limited, and common are circular or ellipse or triangle or polygon.Heat-transfer surface is each culvert type water conservancy diversion The face of pipe 4 and air contact.The setting angle of culvert type mozzle 4 is unrestricted.During applied to natural convection, culvert type The axis of mozzle 4 and the angle of horizontal plane are 75 °~90 °;During applied to forced convertion state, there is the auxiliary of outer fan, The axis of culvert type mozzle 4 and the angle of horizontal plane are any angle.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of heat dissipating method, and thermal source heat production passes to the circulatory mediator in cavity 2 through hot interface 8, followed Ring medium contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface again, and heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
The integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided is applied to computer cabinet or internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiating Device, but it is not limited to above-mentioned application.In the equipment and field for wherein needing radiating, the integral heat dissipation that the present embodiment is provided Device is equally applicable.
Embodiment 3
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface 8, housing, hot interface 8 and the knot where heat-transfer surface Component surrounds in an airtight cavity 2, cavity 2 and is provided with circulatory mediator.Wherein, the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface with Circulatory mediator is contacted, another side and air contact, should be heat-transfer surface with the face of air contact.In the present embodiment, heat-transfer surface institute The inner surface of structural member contacted with circulatory mediator, outer surface and air contact, the outer surface are heat-transfer surface.Heat-transfer surface is Non- culvert type, as shown in Figure 3,4.Heat-transfer surface can also use the structure of non-culvert type, only need to have heat-transfer surface to be carried out with air Contact, heat is distributed, the concrete structure of heat-transfer surface is not limited.
Fig. 3,4 give a kind of integral heat radiator of tower structure, and heat-transfer surface uses the structure of non-culvert type.Housing is setting In middle main body, the main body includes shell 1 and base 11.Structural member where heat-transfer surface includes being separately positioned on main body both sides 13 groups of two groups of wing plates, 13 groups of every group of wing plate include along body normal direction set it is arranged in parallel and acclivitous several Wing plate 13, each inside of wing plate 13 is provided with the cavity 12 flowed for circulatory mediator, and the cavity 12 is a part for cavity 2, is changed Hot face is the face of each wing plate 13 and air contact.This kind of heat-transfer surface structure considerably increases the contact area with air, is conducive to Radiated.The position of hot interface 8 is determined according to the species of inner loop medium.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of heat dissipating method, and thermal source heat production passes to the circulatory mediator in cavity 2 through hot interface 8, followed Ring medium contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface again, and heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
The integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided is applied to computer cabinet or internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiating Device, but it is not limited to above-mentioned application.In the equipment and field for wherein needing radiating, the integral heat dissipation that the present embodiment is provided Device is equally applicable.
Embodiment 4
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface 8, housing, hot interface 8 and the knot where heat-transfer surface Component surrounds in an airtight cavity 2, cavity 2 and is provided with circulatory mediator.Wherein, the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface with Circulatory mediator is contacted, another side and air contact, should be heat-transfer surface with the face of air contact.Heat-transfer surface is culvert type, herein Heat-transfer surface can also use non-culvert type.Round-robin method is driven using interior liquid siphon heat, as shown in Figure 1, 2.Circulatory mediator be full of The circulating liquid (water, alcohol or other) of the cavity 2, hot interface 8 is arranged on the side or bottom surface of radiator.It is main to utilize Gravity and intermolecular cohesive strength principle, when some stress of liquid internal can interlock its mass motion, under the intervention that directionality is designed Form stable circulation.
Circulating liquid is filled with cavity 2, and hot interface 8 is collected and its interior circulation liquid of internal cavity 2 can be heated after heat, heating Circulating liquid afterwards has a upward power, under the intervention of siphon, and list just can be formed after the heat releasing passage of temperature is formed To the recurrent state of closed loop, and unordered convection current of non-generic when heating up water.Under the recurrent state, internal liquid reaches temperature substantially The preferable recurrent state of uniformity.Because the inner surface of the structural member where heat-transfer surface is all embedded in circulating liquid, solid-liquid convection current Exterior surface is conducted heat after heat exchange, i.e. the outer surface heat-transfer surface, therefore the temperature consistency of heat-transfer surface is fabulous, is derived from leading The dual efficiency synergy that thermal resistance is reduced and exchange capability of heat rises.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of heat dissipating method, and thermal source heat production passes to the circulating liquid in cavity 2 through hot interface 8, followed Upward power is produced after ring heated liquid, in the presence of siphon, stable recurrent state is formed, circulating liquid is used as heat-carrying Medium contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface, and heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
The present embodiment also discloses a kind of computer cabinet provided with above-mentioned integral heat radiator.It is preferred that, directly radiator is made For the casing of computer cabinet, the radiator as shown in Fig. 1,2 can be used as the casing of computer cabinet, casing needed Interface area 6 etc. is set directly on radiator.Setting unit space is used for housing main frame device on radiator.Specifically, Structural member, housing and hot interface 8 where heat-transfer surface surround an airtight cavity 2, and the cavity 2 is encapsulated with cover plate 5, cover plate 5 Edge be provided with waterproof tenon 20, heat exchange groove relevant position be provided with waterproof tenon 20 coordinate capillary groove 10, in cavity 2 Opposite side the equipment compartment 19 of accommodating main frame device is set, the top of equipment compartment 19 is additionally provided with steam vent 3.
The integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided applies also for internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiator, but not office It is limited to above-mentioned application.In the equipment and field for wherein needing radiating, the integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided is equally applicable.
Embodiment 5
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface 8, housing, hot interface 8 and the knot where heat-transfer surface Component surrounds in an airtight cavity 2, cavity 2 and is provided with circulatory mediator.Wherein, the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface with Circulatory mediator is contacted, another side and air contact, should be heat-transfer surface with the face of air contact.Heat-transfer surface is culvert type, herein Heat-transfer surface can also use non-culvert type.Using vacuum, gravity steam-condensate circulating method, as shown in figures 5-8.It is vacuum in cavity 2, Hot interface 8 is arranged on the bottom of radiator, and circulatory mediator is the part circulating liquid for being arranged on the bottom of cavity 2.
Vacuum state is designed in the airtight cavity 2 that structural member, housing and hot interface 8 where heat-transfer surface are surrounded, inside is filled with A small amount of liquid (water, alcohol or other), hot interface 8 is arranged at the bottommost of heat sink cavity 2, the liquid under negative pressure state The corresponding step-down of gasification temperature, when radiator works, internal liquid meeting Quick-gasifying is simultaneously full of negative in cavity 2, therefore cavity 2 Pressure ring border is destroyed, therefore the low temperature gasification condition of the internal liquid of cavity 2 is also destroyed, it is necessary to which fast liquefying, at this moment gasifies Liquid can force phase transformation after heat release at heat-transfer surface region, complete as radiator bottommost is back to by Action of Gravity Field after liquid Into internal heat conductive circulation.The phase-change heat-exchange capacity of heat transmission is extremely strong, therefore whole now radiator soaking is better.
Fig. 5,6 disclose a kind of single tube vacuum, gravity integral heat radiator, where heat-transfer surface is culvert type, culvert type heat-transfer surface Structural member includes 2 culvert type mozzles 4 of through cavities, and the root culvert type mozzle 4 is heat exchange with the face of air contact Face, cavity 2 includes vaporization chamber 14, condensation chamber 16 and connection vaporization chamber 14 and condensation chamber 16 positioned at the top of vaporization chamber 14 Linkage section cavity 152, culvert type mozzle 4 is located at condensation segment, and circulating liquid is placed on the bottom of vaporization chamber 14, and liquid is steaming Send out in room 14 by thermal evaporation, gas enters in condensation chamber 16 by linkage section cavity 152, and heat is shed by heat-transfer surface, Gas is mutually changed into liquid at heat-transfer surface region, and liquid is back to vaporization chamber 14 through linkage section cavity 152.On radiator also Provided with fixing device 17, the fixing device 17 is provided with fixing threaded hole 18.Hot interface 8 is arranged on the bottom of vaporization chamber 14.
Fig. 7,8 disclose a kind of bridge-type vacuum, gravity integral heat radiator, where heat-transfer surface is culvert type, culvert type heat-transfer surface Structural member includes 2 some culvert type mozzles 4 of through cavities, and each culvert type mozzle 4 is heat exchange with the face of air contact Face, cavity 2 includes vaporization chamber 14, the linkage section cavity 152 positioned at the top of vaporization chamber 14, is arranged on 152 liang of linkage section cavity Two condensation chambers 16 of side, culvert type mozzle 4 is separately positioned in two condensation chambers 16, forms a bridge architecture.
The gasification temperature that the present embodiment also discloses liquid under a kind of heat dissipating method, subnormal ambient is less than atmospheric pressure environment, thermal source heat production After the circulating liquid in cavity 2 is passed to through hot interface 8, circulating liquid gasifies and is full of cavity 2, during this in cavity 2 Subnormal ambient be destroyed, the circulatory mediator of gasification carries out heat convection in the liquefaction of heat-transfer surface region and heat release, heat-transfer surface with air Complete radiating work.
The integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided is applied to computer cabinet or internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiating Device, but it is not limited to above-mentioned application.In the equipment and field for wherein needing radiating, the integral heat dissipation that the present embodiment is provided Device is equally applicable.
Embodiment 6
A kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface 8, housing, hot interface 8 and the knot where heat-transfer surface Component surrounds in an airtight cavity 2, cavity 2 and is provided with circulatory mediator.Wherein, the one side of the structural member where heat-transfer surface with Circulatory mediator is contacted, another side and air contact, should be heat-transfer surface with the face of air contact.Heat-transfer surface is culvert type, herein Heat-transfer surface can also use non-culvert type.Using vacuum liquid-absorbing core steam-condensate circulating method.It is vacuum in cavity 2, circulatory mediator is It is arranged in the part circulating liquid (water, alcohol or other) in cavity 2, the cavity 2 and the inwall of cavity 2 is provided with imbibition Core.The position of hot interface 8 is unrestricted.
Vacuum liquid-absorbing core steam-condensate circulating is substantially similar with vacuum, gravity steam-condensate circulating principle in embodiment 5, and difference is liquid Liquid can be back to the region of hot interface 8 by reflux type, liquid-sucking core after absorbing liquid by being transmitted in structure.
The gasification temperature that the present embodiment also discloses liquid under a kind of heat dissipating method, subnormal ambient is less than atmospheric pressure environment, thermal source heat production After the circulating liquid in cavity 2 is passed to through hot interface 8, circulating liquid gasifies and is full of cavity 2, during this in cavity 2 Subnormal ambient be destroyed, the circulatory mediator of gasification carries out heat convection in the liquefaction of heat-transfer surface region and heat release, heat-transfer surface with air Complete radiating work.
The integral heat radiator that the present embodiment is provided is applied to computer cabinet or internal combustion engine or air-conditioning or condenser or heating radiating Device, but it is not limited to above-mentioned application.In the equipment and field for wherein needing radiating, the integral heat dissipation that the present embodiment is provided Device is equally applicable.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that:For those skilled in the art, Under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as this hair Bright protection domain.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of integral heat radiator, including heat-transfer surface, housing and hot interface, it is characterised in that the housing, hot interface An airtight cavity is surrounded with the structural member where heat-transfer surface;Circulatory mediator is provided with the cavity;Where the heat-transfer surface The one side of structural member is contacted with circulatory mediator, another side and air contact.
2. integral heat radiator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the heat-transfer surface is culvert type or non-culvert type.
3. integral heat radiator as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the structural member where the culvert type heat-transfer surface At least one culvert type mozzle including through cavities, the section of each culvert type mozzle for circular or ellipse or triangle or Polygon.
4. integral heat radiator as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the circulatory mediator is full of the chamber The circulating liquid of body, the hot interface is arranged on the side or bottom surface of radiator.
5. integral heat radiator as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that be vacuum, the heat in the cavity Interface is arranged on the bottom of radiator, and the circulatory mediator is the part circulating liquid for being arranged on cavity bottom.
6. integral heat radiator as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that be vacuum in the cavity, described to follow Ring medium is that cavity inner wall is provided with liquid-sucking core in the part circulating liquid being arranged in cavity, the cavity.
7. a kind of computer cabinet of integral heat radiator of application as any one of claim 1-6.
8. a kind of internal combustion engine of integral heat radiator of application as any one of claim 1-6.
9. a kind of air-conditioning of integral heat radiator of application as any one of claim 1-6.
10. a kind of condenser of integral heat radiator of application as any one of claim 1-6.
11. a kind of heating radiator of integral heat radiator of application as any one of claim 1-6.
12. a kind of method for applying the integral heat radiator as any one of claim 1-3 to be radiated, its feature exists Pass to the circulatory mediator in cavity through hot interface in, thermal source heat production, circulatory mediator contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface again, heat-transfer surface with Air carries out heat convection and completes radiating work.
13. a kind of method for applying integral heat radiator as claimed in claim 4 to be radiated, it is characterised in that thermal source is produced Heat passes to the circulating liquid in cavity through hot interface, and upward power is produced after circulating liquid is heated, in the presence of siphon, Stable recurrent state is formed, circulating liquid contacts the heat to heat-transfer surface as heat-carrying agent, and heat-transfer surface carries out convection current with air and changed Heat completes radiating work.
14. a kind of method for applying the integral heat radiator as described in claim 5 or 6 to be radiated, it is characterised in that negative The gasification temperature reduction of liquid under pressure ring border, after thermal source heat production passes to the circulating liquid in cavity through hot interface, circulating liquid gas Change and be full of cavity;Subnormal ambient during this in cavity is destroyed, and the circulatory mediator of gasification liquefies and put in heat-transfer surface region Heat, heat-transfer surface carries out heat convection with air and completes radiating work.
CN201610077898.1A 2016-01-30 2016-01-30 A kind of integral heat radiator and heat dissipating method Pending CN107024123A (en)

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PCT/CN2016/105428 WO2017128812A1 (en) 2016-01-30 2016-11-11 Integrated heat radiator and heat dissipation method

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CN113090975A (en) * 2021-02-26 2021-07-09 上海福思照明设计有限公司 High-efficient heat dissipation exterior wall ornament lamp

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