CN107023132B - Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology - Google Patents

Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107023132B
CN107023132B CN201710218283.0A CN201710218283A CN107023132B CN 107023132 B CN107023132 B CN 107023132B CN 201710218283 A CN201710218283 A CN 201710218283A CN 107023132 B CN107023132 B CN 107023132B
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parts
mortar
extruded sheet
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CN107023132A (en
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霍全乐
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Shenzhen Aojian Decoration Group Co., Ltd.
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Shenzhen Construction Decoration Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0885Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements specially adapted for being adhesively fixed to the wall; Fastening means therefor; Fixing by means of plastics materials hardening after application
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0875Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00637Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 as glue or binder for uniting building or structural materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technologies, comprising the following steps: prepares putty, cleaning and levelling base course wall, prepares boundary mortar, smear boundary mortar, prepare adhesive mortar, on extruded sheet smear adhesive mortar, paste extruded sheet, mounting fixing parts, prepared polymer mortar, smear polymer mortar, indentation fiberglass gridding cloth, smear polymer mortar again, the floating ash of polishing, carry out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology of the present invention, conventional construction technique is made improvements, it is preferred that the formula of adhesive mortar and polymer mortar, construction cost is saved, enhance the binding ability of extruded sheet and base, heat-insulation system has good anti-crack ability and freezing tolerance, and heat insulation effect is good, has a wide range of application.

Description

Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology more particularly to a kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technologies.
Background technique
External thermal insulation system is made of insulating layer, protective layer and fixed material, is suitable for being arranged in exterior wall outer surface Non-bearing heat-preserving construction general name.There are mainly three types of thermal insulation materials used in present exterior insulation engineering: EPS sheet, XPS Plate and adhesive powder-polystyrene granule thermal insulation mortar.
XPS plate continuity extrusion type polystyrene foam plate is continuously to squeeze out using vinyl as raw material through special process The hard plate material of foaming, inside be independent closed bubble structure, have that compression strength is high, does not absorb water, is moisture-proof, no The features such as ventilative, lightweight, corrosion-resistant, long service life, low thermal coefficient, be a kind of environment protecting thermal insulating material haveing excellent performance. XPS external thermal insulation structure generally can all be divided into base, adhesive layer, insulating layer, protective layer.The connection safety of insulating layer and structure sheaf It is one of the key technology of external wall heat insulation system, method, mechanical Fixing Method and the two is mainly adhesively fixed and is used in mixed way fixation Method.The normal problem of exterior wall heat-preserving system has: since sunlight irradiation causes problem of aging;Round the clock, seasonal climate variation is drawn The adhesive mortar risen loses intensity too early, and insulation board is caused to fall off problem;In asking for cold district insulating layer freeze thawing resistance effect difference Topic.
Adhesive mortar is to be equipped with multiple additives by cement, quartz sand, polymer latex ramming material uniformly to form through mechanical mixture A kind of mortar.The practicability and durability of the performance quality External Wall heat-insulation system of adhesive mortar play conclusive influence. In addition to adhesive mortar, anticracking grout and the decorative mortar also adhesion strength of different degrees of influence heat-insulation system, fold resistance, freeze proof Property etc..
Present invention optimizes exterior-wall heat insulation construction technologies, preferably the formula of adhesive mortar and polymer mortar, improve Adhesion strength, fracture resistance and the frost resistance of exterior wall heat-preserving system.
Summary of the invention
Aiming at the above shortcomings existing in the prior art, technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of extruded sheets Exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology.
Object of the present invention is to what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology comprising the steps of:
(1) putty is prepared;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling;
(3) boundary mortar is prepared;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet;
(5) adhesive mortar is prepared;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, adhesive mortar will be wiped Extruded sheet be pasted on base course wall immediately;
(7) it is placed 8-24 hours after extruded sheet being pasted base course wall, it, will then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts It is polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, it is immediately that extruded sheet clast and floating grey brush cleaning is clean after polishing;
(8) prepared polymer mortar;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, underlying polymer mortar is obtained, in bottom Fiberglass gridding cloth, is then pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched, to bottom sand by the punching of polymer mortar surface When slurry solidification is tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation and bottom are poly- The hole for closing object mortar surface is corresponding, installs and smears one layer of polymeric sand again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Slurry, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
A kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100-200 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50-80 parts of water being added in blender, 20-30rpm stirs 7- 10min, stand 15-20min, then again 20-30rpm stir 3-5min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 0-3mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 30-50 parts of interfacial agents, 30-50 parts of portland cements, 30-50 parts of quartz sand additions is stirred Mix in machine, 20-30rpm stir 5-10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.2-0.3kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) it prepares adhesive mortar: 100-150 parts of binding sand starches being added in blender, 20-30 is added into blender Part water, 20-30rpm stir 5-10min, stand 3-5min, again 20-30rpm stir 1-3min to get;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 8-10mm of item, thickness 6-10mm, between item Away from 50-80mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar accounts for the 30-50% of extrusion molding plate suqare, and the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar is stood It is pasted on base course wall, is pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) extruded sheet is pasted and places 8-24 hours after base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often Square metre 3-10 fixing piece of installation, fixing piece pass through extruded sheet and enter the aperture of base course wall for 8-15mm, and fixing piece anchors into The depth of base course wall is 48-52mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet after polishing Clast and floating grey brush cleaning are clean;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: 100 parts of polymer mortar powder are added in blender, and 20-30 parts of water, 20- is added 30rpm stir 3-5min, be then allowed to stand 3-5min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2-5mm obtains bottom Polymer mortar punches, 3-10 hole of every square metre of installation, aperture 5-10mm, hole depth in underlying polymer mortar surface It is then that fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction for 30-50mm, and it is pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched In, when bedding mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation It sets corresponding with the hole of underlying polymer mortar surface, installs and smear one layer again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Polymer mortar, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
A kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100-200 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50-80 parts of water being added in blender, 20-30rpm stirs 7- 10min, stand 15-20min, then again 20-30rpm stir 3-5min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 0-3mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 30-50 parts of interfacial agents, 30-50 parts of portland cements, 30-50 parts of quartz sand additions is stirred Mix in machine, 20-30rpm stir 5-10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.2-0.3kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) adhesive mortar is prepared: by 20-30 parts of high alumina cements, 15-30 parts of portland cements, 0.5-2 parts of polymer latexs Powder, 30-40 part quartz sand, 5-10 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.2-0.5 parts of organosilicon moisture repellents, 0.2-0.5 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl fibers Plain ether is added in blender, and 20-30rpm stirs 5-10min, and 20-30 parts of water are added, and 20-30rpm stirs 5-10min, i.e., ?;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 8-10mm of item, thickness 6-10mm, between item Away from 50-80mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar accounts for the 30-50% of extrusion molding plate suqare, and the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar is stood It is pasted on base course wall, is pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) extruded sheet is pasted and places 8-24 hours after base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often Square metre 3-10 fixing piece of installation, fixing piece pass through extruded sheet and enter the aperture of base course wall for 8-15mm, and fixing piece anchors into The depth of base course wall is 48-52mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet after polishing Clast and floating grey brush cleaning are clean;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: 100 parts of polymer mortar powder are added in blender, and 20-30 parts of water, 20- is added 30rpm stir 3-5min, be then allowed to stand 3-5min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2-5mm obtains bottom Polymer mortar punches, 3-10 hole of every square metre of installation, aperture 5-10mm, hole depth in underlying polymer mortar surface It is then that fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction for 30-50mm, and it is pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched In, when bedding mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation It sets corresponding with the hole of underlying polymer mortar surface, installs and smear one layer again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Polymer mortar, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
A kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100-200 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50-80 parts of water being added in blender, 20-30rpm stirs 7- 10min, stand 15-20min, then again 20-30rpm stir 3-5min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 0-3mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 30-50 parts of interfacial agents, 30-50 parts of portland cements, 30-50 parts of quartz sand additions is stirred Mix in machine, 20-30rpm stir 5-10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.2-0.3kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) adhesive mortar is prepared: by 20-30 parts of high alumina cements, 15-30 parts of portland cements, 0.5-2 parts of polymer latexs Powder, 30-40 part quartz sand, 5-10 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.2-0.5 parts of organosilicon moisture repellents, 0.2-0.5 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl fibers Plain ether is added in blender, and 20-30rpm stirs 5-10min, and 20-30 parts of water are added, and 20-30rpm stirs 5-10min, i.e., ?;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 8-10mm of item, thickness 6-10mm, between item Away from 50-80mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar accounts for the 30-50% of extrusion molding plate suqare, and the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar is stood It is pasted on base course wall, is pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) extruded sheet is pasted and places 8-24 hours after base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often Square metre 3-10 fixing piece of installation, fixing piece pass through extruded sheet and enter the aperture of base course wall for 8-15mm, and fixing piece anchors into The depth of base course wall is 48-52mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet after polishing Clast and floating grey brush cleaning are clean;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: by 30-50 parts of portland cements, 40-60 parts of river sands, 12-15 parts of dicalcium powders, 0.1- 0.5 part of water-reducing agent, 0.1-0.3 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ethers, 0.05-0.1 parts of basalt fibres are added in blender, 20- 30rpm stirs 5-8min, and 30-50 parts of water are then added into blender, and 20-30rpm stirs 2-3min, 0.2- is then added 0.4 part of modified rubber powder, 20-30rpm stir 3-5min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2-5mm obtains bottom Polymer mortar punches, 3-10 hole of every square metre of installation, aperture 5-10mm, hole depth in underlying polymer mortar surface It is then that fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction for 30-50mm, and it is pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched In, when bedding mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation It sets corresponding with the hole of underlying polymer mortar surface, installs and smear one layer again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Polymer mortar, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
Preferably, the fixing piece is self-tapping screw.
Preferably, the water-reducing agent is poly carboxylic acid series water reducer.
Preferably, the modified rubber powder the preparation method is as follows: by 1-4 parts of sodium aluminates, 1-2 parts of sodium metasilicate, 10-15 Part water is uniformly mixed in 300-600rpm, and 1-2 parts of rubber powders are added, and 300-600rpm stirs 60-120min, then mistake 300 meshes, discard filtrate, and 300-500 parts of water of filter residue are rinsed, 50-80 DEG C of dry 5-10h, and 35- is added in dry filter residue In 40 DEG C of 40-80 part organic solvent, 300-600rpm stirs 15-20min, crosses 300 meshes, 50-80 DEG C of dry 5- while hot 10h, natural cooling obtain modified rubber powder.
Preferably, the organic solvent is ethyl alcohol and/or isopropanol.
A kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology of the present invention, make improvements conventional construction technique, preferably viscous The formula for tying mortar and polymer mortar, has saved construction cost, has enhanced the binding ability of extruded sheet and base, heat-insulation system With good anti-crack ability and freezing tolerance, heat insulation effect is good, has a wide range of application.
Specific embodiment
The tension adhesion strength of adhesive mortar is tested: according in " exterior insulation engineering technology regulation " JGJ144-2004 Tensile bond strength testing method carries out tension bonding strength test.Test specimen production: base, water are simulated using cement mortar block Cement mortar test block the production method is as follows: 20 parts of portland cements, 60 parts of river sands, 12 parts of water are added in blenders, with 30rpm Revolving speed stirs 10min, obtains cement mortar, cement mortar is fitted into die trial, and die trial, will having a size of 70mm × 70mm × 70mm Die trial equipped with cement mortar is put on a vibration table, and shake table is closed in vibration after one minute, and mortar face should be higher than die trial top surface, It is inserted into pre-embedded bolt, pre-embedded bolt axis is paid attention on same straight line, strikes off extra cement mortar with scraper, is 20 in temperature DEG C, humidity be 96% fog room in maintenance 7 days, obtain cement mortar block.The floating ash on cement mortar block surface is removed, it is right In protrusion, hollowing, porous spot carry out reject and with putty it is levelling, levelling flatness be 2mm/2m, extruded sheet is cut into ruler Very little is 50mm × 50mm, successively smears boundary mortar, adhesive mortar according to the technique of embodiment in extruded sheet one side, viscous by wiping The extruded sheet of knot mortar is pasted onto cement mortar block surface immediately, in the fog room that temperature is 23 DEG C, relative humidity is 50% Interior maintenance 28 days.Experimental condition: being tested in the environment of temperature is 23 DEG C, relative humidity is 50%, uses excellent great observing and controlling The universal tensile testing machine of the model UH4000 of technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. production is tested, and test specimen is loaded onto and stretches folder Tool, is then charged into tensile testing machine, and pulling force acts perpendicularly to test specimen, and adjustment tensile speed is 5mm/min, starts testing machine to gluing Knot destroys, and load when record destroys is averaged in triplicate.
The anti-folding of polymer mortar, compressive property test: the preparation method of polymer mortar is gathered according to described in each embodiment Close object mortar specimen the production method is as follows: the polymer mortar prepared is fitted into die trial, die trial having a size of 40mm × 40mm × 160mm scrapes flat top surface after vibrating 60s on a vibration table, is placed on parked 72h under 20 DEG C of environment after test specimen production, then Demoulding is carried out, and is conserved respectively 28 days in the environment of 20 DEG C, relative humidity 92%, its anti-folding and compression strength, test side are surveyed Method is referring to GB/T17671-1999, and test in triplicate, is averaged every time.
The anti-freezing property of polymer mortar is tested: by JGJ70-90 " building mortar basic performance tests method " defined Forming method molding, is prepared into 70.7mm × 70.7mm × 70.7mm standard specimen, then under 20 DEG C of temperature environments for 24 hours, Then it by test specimen demoulding, tears open and is continuing maintenance under 20 DEG C, 92% environment of relative humidity to 28 days, in -15 to -20 DEG C of models after taking off By method as defined in JGJ70-90 in enclosing, freezing-thawing test is carried out, the mass loss rate of test block, is surveyed every time after test freeze thawing 200 times Examination repeats five times, and is averaged.
Each raw material introduction in embodiment:
Extruded sheet, the XPS extruded sheet provided using Changshu City town Sha Jiabang Qing Xin thermal insulation material factory, size 1800mm × 600mm, B1 grades.
Powder of lacquer putty for use on: using the exterior wall leveling putty provided by Jiangsu hundred generations energy-saving building material Co., Ltd.
Portland cement, the Swan ordinary portland cement produced using the Harbin cement plant Ya Tai, model PO 42.5。
High alumina cement, by Yanshi earnings, prosperous Refractory Co., ltd is provided, model PO 32.5.
Quartz sand is provided, 325 mesh of partial size, density 2.6g/cm by mineral products processing factory of Lingshou County Asus3
Polymer glue powder, the extruded sheet specialty polymer rubber powder provided using the municipal day Chemical Co., Ltd. of Renqiu, model LT-025。
Expanded vermiculite is provided, 50 mesh of partial size by mineral products processing factory of Lingshou County pros.
Organosilicon moisture repellent is provided, model QS-H2020S by Shanghai Qi Shuo Industrial Co., Ltd..
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether is provided, model 60RT, viscosity 60000 by Shanghai Zeng Ye Industrial Co., Ltd..
Dicalcium powder is provided, 800 mesh of partial size by Lingshou County Sheng Heng mineral products processing factory.
Basalt fibre is provided, fibre length 6mm by one Cai Wang engineering material Co., Ltd of Shenzhen.Diameter 16um compares table Area 2.6m2/g。
Rubber powder, stone perseverance is provided up to mineral products Co., Ltd in Shijiazhuang, 80 mesh of mesh number.
Interfacial agents: the high-strength surface treating agent of EC-1 provided using Beijing Hua Zhou architectural engineering Co., Ltd.
Binding sand starch: the polymer of the model MLJ-E16 provided using beautiful good building materials (Beijing) Co., Ltd is glued Tie mortar.
Fiberglass gridding cloth: it is provided by Anping County Guan Bang silk screen Products Co., Ltd, specification: 100m × 60m, 180g/ m2, mesh 5mm × 5mm.
Self-tapping screw is provided by Shanghai from the east of metal product Co., Ltd.
Tooth mouth trowel is provided by Shanghai from the east of metal product Co., Ltd.
River sand is provided by Lingshou County Sheng Heng mineral products processing factory.
Polymer mortar powder, the Crack-resistance Front Mortar provided using Wuxi City Yangze river and Huai river building materials Science and Technology Ltd..
High-efficiency water-reducing agent of poly-carboxylic acid, using German BASF F-10 water-reducing agent.
Sodium aluminate, No. CAS: 1302-42-7, it is provided by Shandong Lear New Chemical Material Co., Ltd.
Sodium metasilicate, No. CAS: 1344-09-8, it is provided by Shangyu Hua Bao Chemical Co., Ltd..
Ethyl alcohol, No. CAS: 64-17-5, it is provided by Zhengzhou Brian Jacks Chemical Co., Ltd., purity 98%.
Isopropanol, No. CAS: 67-63-0, it is provided by Zhengzhou Brian Jacks Chemical Co., Ltd., purity 98%.
Coarse sandpaper is provided, 60 mesh by Shanghai Min Xin detecting instrument Co., Ltd.
Fine sandpaper is provided, 2500 mesh by Yongkang City Jin Hu grinding tool Co., Ltd.
Blender, using the multifunctional mixer of Zhengzhou east heavy-duty machinery Co., Ltd, model JW500.
Embodiment 1
Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50 parts of water is added in blender, 30rpm stirs 7min, stands 15min, then again 30rpm stir 3min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 2mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 45 parts of interfacial agents, 45 parts of portland cements, 45 parts of quartz sands is added in blender, 30rpm stir 10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.25kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) it prepares adhesive mortar: 100 parts of binding sand starches is added in blender, 25 parts of water are added into blender, 30rpm stir 7min, stand 5min, again 30rpm stir 3min to get;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 10mm of item, thickness 10mm, stripe pitch 50mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar account for the 40% of extrusion molding plate suqare, the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar are pasted onto immediately On base course wall, pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) it places 20 hours after extruded sheet being pasted base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often puts down Fang meter An fills 4 fixing pieces, and it is 10mm that fixing piece, which passes through extruded sheet to enter the aperture of base course wall, and fixing piece anchors into base course wall Depth be 50mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet clast and floating ash after polishing It is clean with brush cleaning;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: 100 parts of polymer mortar powder are added in blender, 25 parts of water are added, 30rpm is stirred Mix 5min, be then allowed to stand 3min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2mm, it is poly- obtains bottom Object mortar is closed, is punched in underlying polymer mortar surface, 4 holes of every square metre of installation, aperture 10mm, hole depth 50mm, Then fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction, and be pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched, to bottom When mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation and bottom The hole on polymer mortar surface is corresponding, installs and smears one layer of polymeric sand again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Slurry, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
The fixing piece is self-tapping screw.
Comparative example 1
Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50 parts of water is added in blender, 30rpm stirs 7min, stands 15min, then again 30rpm stir 3min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 2mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 45 parts of interfacial agents, 45 parts of portland cements, 45 parts of quartz sands is added in blender, 30rpm stir 10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.25kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) it prepares adhesive mortar: 100 parts of binding sand starches is added in blender, 25 parts of water are added into blender, 30rpm stir 7min, stand 5min, again 30rpm stir 3min to get;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 10mm of item, thickness 10mm, stripe pitch 50mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar account for the 40% of extrusion molding plate suqare, the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar are pasted onto immediately On base course wall, pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) it places 20 hours after extruded sheet being pasted base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often puts down Fang meter An fills 4 fixing pieces, and it is 10mm that fixing piece, which passes through extruded sheet to enter the aperture of base course wall, and fixing piece anchors into base course wall Depth be 50mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet clast and floating ash after polishing It is clean with brush cleaning;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: 100 parts of polymer mortar powder are added in blender, 25 parts of water are added, 30rpm is stirred Mix 5min, be then allowed to stand 3min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2mm, it is poly- obtains bottom Object mortar is closed, it is then that fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction, and it is pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched In, when bedding mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, one layer of polymeric mortar is smeared again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface, is smeared Thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
The fixing piece is self-tapping screw.
For embodiment 1 compared with comparative example 1, embodiment 1 makes a call to a hole again on underlying polymer mortar, poly- in indentation bottom The fixing piece installed again on the grid cloth of object mortar with hole cooperation is closed, falling off for polymer mortar layer is effectively prevented, improves The durability and service life of insulating layer.
Embodiment 2
Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50 parts of water is added in blender, 30rpm stirs 7min, stands 15min, then again 30rpm stir 3min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 2mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 45 parts of interfacial agents, 45 parts of portland cements, 45 parts of quartz sands is added in blender, 30rpm stir 10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.25kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) adhesive mortar is prepared: by 30 parts of high alumina cements, 30 parts of portland cements, 0.5 part of polymer glue powder, 30 parts of stones Sand, 10 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.3 part of organosilicon moisture repellent, 0.4 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are added in blender, 30rpm stirs 8min, is added 30 parts of water, 30rpm stir 5min to get;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 10mm of item, thickness 10mm, stripe pitch 50mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar account for the 40% of extrusion molding plate suqare, the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar are pasted onto immediately On base course wall, pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) it places 20 hours after extruded sheet being pasted base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often puts down Fang meter An fills 4 fixing pieces, and it is 10mm that fixing piece, which passes through extruded sheet to enter the aperture of base course wall, and fixing piece anchors into base course wall Depth be 50mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet clast and floating ash after polishing It is clean with brush cleaning;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: 100 parts of polymer mortar powder are added in blender, 25 parts of water are added, 30rpm is stirred Mix 5min, be then allowed to stand 3min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2mm, it is poly- obtains bottom Object mortar is closed, is punched in underlying polymer mortar surface, 4 holes of every square metre of installation, aperture 10mm, hole depth 50mm, Then fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction, and be pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched, to bottom When mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation and bottom The hole on polymer mortar surface is corresponding, installs and smears one layer of polymeric sand again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Slurry, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
The fixing piece is self-tapping screw.
Embodiment 3
Substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is only in that: in the present embodiment 3, the step (5) is to prepare adhesive mortar: 30 parts of high alumina cements, 30 parts of portland cements, 0.5 part of polymer glue powder, 32 parts of quartz sands, 8 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.3 part are had Machine silicon hydrophober, 0.4 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are added in blender, and 30rpm stirs 8min, and 30 parts of water are added, 30rpm stir 5min to get.
Embodiment 4
Substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is only in that: in the present embodiment 4, the step (5) is to prepare adhesive mortar: 30 parts of high alumina cements, 30 parts of portland cements, 0.5 part of polymer glue powder, 35 parts of quartz sands, 5 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.3 part are had Machine silicon hydrophober, 0.4 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are added in blender, and 30rpm stirs 8min, and 30 parts of water are added, 30rpm stir 5min to get.
Embodiment 5
Substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is only in that: in the present embodiment 5, the step (5) is to prepare adhesive mortar: 30 parts of high alumina cements, 30 parts of portland cements, 0.5 part of polymer glue powder, 37 parts of quartz sands, 3 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.3 part are had Machine silicon hydrophober, 0.4 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are added in blender, and 30rpm stirs 8min, and 30 parts of water are added, 30rpm stir 5min to get.
Embodiment 6
Extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, comprises the steps of, described part is parts by weight:
(1) it prepares putty: 100 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50 parts of water is added in blender, 30rpm stirs 7min, stands 15min, then again 30rpm stir 3min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and are used in combination Putty is levelling, and levelling flatness is 2mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: 45 parts of interfacial agents, 45 parts of portland cements, 45 parts of quartz sands is added in blender, 30rpm stir 10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.25kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) adhesive mortar is prepared: by 30 parts of high alumina cements, 30 parts of portland cements, 0.5 part of polymer glue powder, 35 parts of stones Sand, 5 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.3 part of organosilicon moisture repellent, 0.4 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether are added in blender, 30rpm stirs 8min, is added 30 parts of water, 30rpm stir 5min to get;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., it will with tooth mouth trowel Adhesive mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 10mm of item, thickness 10mm, stripe pitch 50mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar account for the 40% of extrusion molding plate suqare, the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar are pasted onto immediately On base course wall, pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) it places 20 hours after extruded sheet being pasted base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, often puts down Fang meter An fills 4 fixing pieces, and it is 10mm that fixing piece, which passes through extruded sheet to enter the aperture of base course wall, and fixing piece anchors into base course wall Depth be 50mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet clast and floating ash after polishing It is clean with brush cleaning;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: by 50 parts of portland cements, 45 parts of river sands, 12 parts of dicalcium powders, 0.2 part of water-reducing agent, 0.3 part of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether, 0.05 part of basalt fibre are added in blender, and 30rpm stirs 8min, then to stirring 40 parts of water are added in machine, 30rpm stirs 3min, be then added 0.3 part of modified rubber powder, 30rpm stir 5min to get;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2mm, it is poly- obtains bottom Object mortar is closed, is punched in underlying polymer mortar surface, 4 holes of every square metre of installation, aperture 10mm, hole depth 50mm, Then fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction, and be pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched, to bottom When mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation and bottom The hole on polymer mortar surface is corresponding, installs and smears one layer of polymeric sand again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Slurry, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, Then routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
The fixing piece is self-tapping screw.The water-reducing agent is German BASF F-10 water-reducing agent.The modified rubber Rubber powder the preparation method is as follows: 3 parts of sodium aluminates, 1 part of sodium metasilicate, 10 parts of water 300rpm are uniformly mixed, 2 parts of rubber are added Powder, 300rpm stir 80min, then cross 300 meshes, discard filtrate, 300 parts of water of filter residue are rinsed, 50 DEG C of dry 5h will be done Dry filter residue is added in 35 DEG C of 40 parts of ethyl alcohol, and 300rpm stirs 20min, crosses 300 meshes while hot, and 50 DEG C of dry 5h are naturally cold But, modified rubber powder is obtained.
Embodiment 7
Substantially the same manner as Example 6, difference is that the preparation method of modified rubber powder is different, modified in the present embodiment 7 Rubber powder the preparation method is as follows: 3 parts of sodium aluminates, 1 part of sodium metasilicate, 10 parts of water 300rpm are uniformly mixed, 2 portions of rubbers are added Rubber powder, 300rpm stir 80min, then cross 300 meshes, discard filtrate, 300 parts of water of filter residue are rinsed, 50 DEG C of dry 5h, will Dry filter residue is added in 35 DEG C of 40 parts of isopropanols, and 300rpm stirs 20min, while hot 300 meshes excessively, 50 DEG C of dry 5h, from It is so cooling, obtain modified rubber powder.
Comparative example 2
Substantially the same manner as Example 6, difference is that the preparation method of modified rubber powder is different, modified in this comparative example 2 Rubber powder the preparation method is as follows: 3 parts of sodium aluminates, 1 part of sodium metasilicate, 10 parts of water 300rpm are uniformly mixed, 2 portions of rubbers are added Rubber powder, 300rpm stir 80min, then cross 300 meshes, discard filtrate, 300 parts of water of filter residue are rinsed, 50 DEG C of dry 5h, from It is so cooling, obtain modified rubber powder.
Embodiment 8
Substantially the same manner as Example 6, difference is that the preparation method of modified rubber powder is different, modified in the present embodiment 8 Rubber powder the preparation method is as follows: 3 parts of sodium aluminates, 1 part of sodium metasilicate, 10 parts of water 300rpm are uniformly mixed, 2 portions of rubbers are added Rubber powder, 300rpm stir 80min, then cross 300 meshes, discard filtrate, 300 parts of water of filter residue are rinsed, 50 DEG C of dry 5h, will Dry filter residue is added in 35 DEG C of 10 parts of ethyl alcohol and the mixed liquor of 30 parts of isopropanols, and 300rpm stirs 20min, crosses 300 while hot Mesh, 50 DEG C of dry 5h, natural cooling obtain modified rubber powder.
Resistance to compression, flexural strength test result: compression strength 19.51MPa, flexural strength 6.57MPa, backfin ratio are 2.96.200 freeze-thaw cycle test mass loss rates are 2.1%.
Test case 1
The test of tension adhesion strength is carried out to adhesive mortar used in embodiment, specific test result is shown in Table 1.
Table 1: the tension adhesion strength test result table of adhesive mortar
Tension adhesion strength/MPa
Embodiment 1 0.605
Embodiment 2 0.635
Embodiment 3 0.647
Embodiment 4 0.669
Embodiment 5 0.642
Compared with Example 1, the tension adhesion strength of the adhesive mortar of embodiment 2-5 significantly improves, and passes through screening quartz The ratio of sand and expanded vermiculite is adjustable porosity, surface area and the workability of adhesive mortar, and the tension for enhancing adhesive mortar is viscous Knotting strength avoids extruded sheet from falling off.
Test case 2
Resistance to compression, flexural strength test are carried out to polymer mortar used in embodiment, specific test result is shown in Table 2.
Table 2: the resistance to compression of polymer mortar, flexural strength test result table
Compression strength/MPa Flexural strength/MPa Backfin ratio
Embodiment 4 15.27 3.46 4.41
Embodiment 6 17.46 5.68 3.07
Embodiment 7 16.83 5.35 3.14
Comparative example 2 16.32 3.85 4.23
Modified rubber powder is added in the polymer mortar of embodiment 6-7, the resistance to compression of mortar, flexural strength all obviously mention Height, backfin illustrate that the polymer mortar of embodiment 6-7 has good cracking resistance, are better than commercially available in embodiment 4 than reducing Crack-resistance Front Mortar.Using conventional alkali come modified rubber powder, embodiment 6-7 is used at alkali process and organic solvent comparative example 2 Two-step method modified rubber powder is managed, organic solvent can further remove the zinc stearate in rubber powder, moreover it is possible in dissolving rubber powder Low pole additive enhances the compatibility between rubber powder and cement-based material, improves between rubber powder and cement-based interface Adhesive property, therefore improve the crack resistance of polymer mortar.
Test case 3
Freeze-thaw cycle test is carried out to polymer mortar used in embodiment, specific test result is shown in Table 3.
Table 3: the freeze-thaw cycle test result table of polymer mortar
Mass loss rate/%
Embodiment 4 3.7
Embodiment 6 2.6
Embodiment 7 2.9
Comparative example 2 4.4
Inventors be surprised to learn that the freeze thawing resistance loop test of the polymer mortar using modified rubber powder of embodiment 6-7 Middle mass loss rate is lower, conducive to the frost resistance for improving exterior-wall heat insulation, prolongs the service life.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of extruded sheet exterior-wall heat insulation construction technology, which is characterized in that comprise the steps of, wherein part is parts by weight:
(1) it preparing putty: 100-200 parts of powder of lacquer putty for use on and 50-80 parts of water is added in blender, 20-30rpm stirs 7-10min, Stand 15-20min, then again 20-30rpm stir 3-5min to get;
(2) floating ash, the greasy dirt, release agent for removing base course wall, reject protrusion, hollowing, porous spot and use putty Levelling, levelling flatness is 0-3mm/2m;
(3) it prepares boundary mortar: blender is added in 30-50 parts of interfacial agents, 30-50 parts of portland cements, 30-50 parts of quartz sands In, 20-30rpm stir 5-10min to get;
(4) boundary mortar is smeared on the two sides of extruded sheet, dosage 0.2-0.3kg/m is smeared in every face2
(5) adhesive mortar is prepared: by 20-30 parts of high alumina cements, 15-30 parts of portland cements, 0.5-2 parts of polymer glue powders, 30- 40 parts of quartz sands, 5-10 parts of expanded vermiculites, 0.2-0.5 parts of organosilicon moisture repellents, 0.2-0.5 parts of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ethers add Enter into blender, 20-30rpm stir 5-10min, be added 20-30 part water, 20-30rpm stirring 5-10min to get;
(6) configured adhesive mortar is applied to the one side of extruded sheet, is pasted using bonding, i.e., will be bonded with tooth mouth trowel Mortar is uniformly put on extruded sheet in the horizontal direction, is smeared into strips, the wide 8-10mm of item, thickness 6-10mm, stripe pitch 50- 80mm, the total application area of adhesive mortar account for the 30-50% of extrusion molding plate suqare, the extruded sheet for wiping adhesive mortar are pasted immediately On base course wall, pasted with the one side that extruded sheet smears adhesive mortar with base course wall;
(7) extruded sheet is pasted and places 8-24 hours after base course wall, then in extrusion molding plate surface mounting fixing parts, every square Meter ampere fills 3-10 fixing piece, and it is 8-15mm that fixing piece, which passes through extruded sheet to enter the aperture of base course wall, and fixing piece anchors into base The depth of wall is 48-52mm, then will be polished at extruded sheet seam injustice with coarse sandpaper, immediately by extruded sheet clast after polishing And floating grey brush cleaning is clean;The fixing piece is self-tapping screw;
(8) prepared polymer mortar: by 30-50 parts of portland cements, 40-60 parts of river sands, 12-15 parts of dicalcium powders, 0.1-0.5 parts Water-reducing agent, 0.1-0.3 part hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose ether, 0.05-0.1 parts of basalt fibres are added in blender, 20-30rpm 5-8min is stirred, 30-50 parts of water are then added into blender, 20-30rpm stirs 2-3min, is then added 0.2-0.4 parts and changes Property rubber powder, 20-30rpm stir 3-5min to get;The water-reducing agent is poly carboxylic acid series water reducer;The modified rubber Powder the preparation method is as follows: 1-4 parts of sodium aluminates, 1-2 parts of sodium metasilicate, 10-15 parts of water are uniformly mixed in 300-600rpm, 1-2 parts of rubber powders are added, 300-600rpm stirs 60-120min, then crosses 300 meshes, filtrate is discarded, by filter residue 300- 500 parts of water rinse, and 50-80 DEG C of dry 5-10h dry filter residue is added in 35-40 DEG C of 40-80 part organic solvent, 300- 600rpm stirs 15-20min, crosses 300 meshes, 50-80 DEG C of dry 5-10h while hot, and natural cooling obtains modified rubber powder, institute The organic solvent stated is ethyl alcohol and/or isopropanol;
(9) configured polymer mortar is uniformly applied on extruded sheet, smearing thickness 2-5mm, obtains bottom polymerization Object mortar punches, 3-10 hole of every square metre of installation, aperture 5-10mm, hole depth 30- in underlying polymer mortar surface 50mm, it is then that fiberglass gridding cloth is exceptionally straight taut flat in the horizontal direction, and be pressed into the underlying polymer mortar punched, to When bedding mortar solidifies tack-free to surface, in fiberglass gridding cloth surface mounting fixing parts, the position of fixing piece installation with The hole of underlying polymer mortar surface is corresponding, installs and smears a layers of polymer again on fiberglass gridding cloth surface after fixing piece Object mortar, smearing thickness, which is subject to, covers fiberglass gridding cloth, obtains surface layer polymer mortar;The fixing piece is self tapping Screw;
(10) it will be polished at surface layer polymer mortar injustice with fine sandpaper, remove the floating ash on surface layer polymer mortar surface, then Routinely technique carries out surface coating or ceramic tile construction.
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Address after: 518048 Shatou Street Cuiwan Community Fuqiang Road 4001 Shawei Industrial Zone Cultural Creative Park A Five Stories 506A, Futian District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Shenzhen Aojian Decoration Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 518048 Shatou Street Cuiwan Community Fuqiang Road 4001 Shawei Industrial Zone Cultural Creative Park A Five Stories 506A, Futian District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Shenzhen Aojian Decoration Group Co., Ltd.