CN107021795A - A kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and its compost method of disposal - Google Patents

A kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and its compost method of disposal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107021795A
CN107021795A CN201710246394.2A CN201710246394A CN107021795A CN 107021795 A CN107021795 A CN 107021795A CN 201710246394 A CN201710246394 A CN 201710246394A CN 107021795 A CN107021795 A CN 107021795A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
casing
compost
rubbish
cooking
agitating
Prior art date
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CN201710246394.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐卫平
邓景
许建强
Original Assignee
大连理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 大连理工大学 filed Critical 大连理工大学
Priority to CN201710246394.2A priority Critical patent/CN107021795A/en
Publication of CN107021795A publication Critical patent/CN107021795A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/989Flow sheets for biological or biochemical treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and its compost method of disposal.Composting device includes casing, motor and electric power connection line;Rubbish from cooking charge door, guidance panel, blow vent and bacterium solution are provided with above casing and adds mouth;Box house is provided with heating and thermal insulation layer, reducing mechanism, agitating device.Filter and composting production outlet are provided with below casing;Stirring dividing plate in composting device casing can extend the residence time of big particle diameter material, improve the stability of composting production.Compost method is simple to operate, by rubbish from cooking input material mouth, design temperature, after speed of agitator, and composting device can realize heating, crush and stir in one, and composting production can be used for gardening and improved soil.The present invention can be realized in the processing of rubbish from cooking source of generation, reduced domestic rubbish disposal load, realized rubbish from cooking recycling.

Description

A kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and its compost method of disposal
Technical field
A kind of family of present invention design kitchen waste compost device in situ, and using the kitchen waste compost of the device at Put method.
Background technology
China is in a series of rings that economy is developed rapidly and in Urbanization process, occurred in Process of Urbanization Border is polluted and garbage disposal problem is inevitable.Produce house refuse per year per capita and reach 440 kilograms, 668 cities in current National urban City has 2/3 to be surrounded by rubbish annulus, has had a strong impact on the clean and tidy degree of the appearance of the city of China, also have impact on the development in city.
Rubbish from cooking is as a part for house refuse, its complicated component, be oil, water, pericarp, vegetables, rice and flour, fish, meat, The mixture of many kinds of substance such as bone and useless tableware, plastics, paper handkerchief, based on the compositions such as protein, starch and animal tallow, And salinity, fat content are high.China's rubbish from cooking yield is big, wide, occupies more than the 60% of house refuse, and its organic matter contains The high characteristic of amount causes it to have sufficient value, but recovery and the money that difficult present situation limits rubbish from cooking are reclaimed in classification Sourceization is utilized.
Compost relies on microorganism, mainly bacterium, fungi, actinomyces and cellulose-decomposing bacterium and lignin fungi Deng organic solid in substrate is decomposed into SOM by secretion ectoenzyme, then is penetrated into microbial cell and participated in new old generation Thank, so as to realize that substrate is converted to humus, stabilization of becoming thoroughly decomposed is finally reached, as organic fertilizer.
Rubbish from cooking is handled using composting process, composting production can be used for home gardening or improved soil, realize food waste rubbish The recycling of rubbish.Therefore, it is badly in need of a kind of practical environmentally friendly kitchen waste compost device of exploitation, realizes rubbish from cooking In family's in-situ treatment and utilization, the recycling of rubbish from cooking is realized while reducing domestic rubbish disposal load.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and its compost method of disposal, can be in rubbish from cooking Realize rubbish from cooking recycling in the family source of generation.Band circular hole half is set in the middle part of family's original position kitchen waste compost device Circular stirring dividing plate, can extend residence time of the big material in casing, it is fully fermented, and improve the stabilization of composting production Property, meanwhile, long and short stirring rod coordinates, common to complete stirring, improves treatment effeciency.
In order to achieve the above object, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ, at middle part there is provided with the semicircle stirring dividing plate of circular hole, by big thing Material is trapped in casing top, and small material may pass through circular hole and enter lower box, extends residence time of the big material in casing, makes It fully ferments, and improves the stability of composting production, meanwhile, long and short stirring rod coordinates, common to complete stirring, improves processing effect Rate.
Described family kitchen waste compost device in situ includes casing 1, motor 19, electric power connection line 20.
The top of casing 1 sets charge door 3, guidance panel 7, blow vent 9 and the bacterium solution of rubbish from cooking to add mouth 10.Institute The guidance panel 7 stated includes display panel, for showing the progress of work.Described blow vent 9 is used for box house and outside Environmental communication, in order to gas exchanges.
The inside of casing 1 sets heating and thermal insulation layer 2, reducing mechanism 5, control device 8, agitating device 11.
Described heating and thermal insulation layer 2 is used for heating compartment, including electric heating iron hoop winding layer and temperature sensor;Described electric heating Iron hoop winding layer is located inside casing 1, and a temperature sensor is set in electric heating iron hoop winding layer;Described temperature sensor and control Device is connected, and for controlling temperature, temperature sensor is connected with guidance panel 7, for displays temperature.
Described reducing mechanism 5 is cutting blade, immediately below charge door 3, is fixed on A-frame 6, with control Device 8 is connected;Connected between reducing mechanism 5 and charge door 3 by sensor, when charge door 3 is opened, reducing mechanism 5 is opened automatically Dynamic, when charge door 3 is closed, reducing mechanism 5 is automatically stopped work;One layer of rubber is set to protect between reducing mechanism 5 and charge door 3 Layer 4, for avoiding the charge door 3 that flown out during kitchen waste crushing, described rubber cover 4 is open immediately below charge door 3.
Described control device 8 is connected with guidance panel 7, the instruction for receiving guidance panel 7, control heating and thermal insulation layer 2 temperature and the rotating speed of agitating device 11.
Described includes short stirring rod 12, long stirring rod 13 and stirring dividing plate 14, control device 8 and the phase of agitating device 11 Even, mixing speed of the control agitating device 11 inside casing 1;Described short stirring rod 12, straggly point of the spiral of long stirring rod 13 Cloth is on agitating device 11;Described stirring dividing plate 14 is semicircle, and positioned at the middle part of agitating device 11, the inside of casing 1 is separated Two process chambers for above and below, the short stirring rod 12 and long stirring rod 13 of two process chambers is total equal.Described stirring dividing plate 14 On be uniformly distributed a diameter of 2.0~5.0cm circular hole, big material can be trapped in the top of casing 1 by stirring dividing plate, and small material is worn Circular hole is crossed into the bottom of casing 1.
Circular hole is uniformly distributed on described filter 15, the lower section side of casing 1 is arranged at, opposite side installs motor 19, Motor 19 is connected with electric power connection line 20;Described composting production outlet 16 is located at immediately below filter 15.Described compost Products export 16 is that drawer type can pull out mouth, and drawer handle 17 is set thereon.
The described side of casing 1, which is set, can open side door, and side door is provided with door handle 18.
The method for carrying out compost using above-mentioned family kitchen waste compost device in situ, comprises the following steps:
Be passed through power supply, start compost and smashing device, open charge door, put into rubbish from cooking, set heating-up temperature be 37~ 55 DEG C, speed of agitator be 3~12rad/min, from bacterium solution add mouth pour into promote compost fermentation bacterium solution, rubbish from cooking through hair Ferment, obtains fertilizer.
The bacterium solution is lactobacillus suspension, yeast liquid or other composite bacteria agents;The concentration of bacterium solution is 1 × 106~1 × 107cell/ml;The consumption of bacterium solution is that 1kg rubbishes from cooking add 0~100ml bacterium solutions.The moisture content of the rubbish from cooking is 50% ~80%.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:1) present invention rubbish from cooking need not be pre-dried or Drain away the water post processing, simple to operate.2) present invention controls whole composting process using control system, improves treatment effeciency. 3) the semicircle stirring dividing plate of band circular hole is provided with middle part, big material casing top is trapped in, small material may pass through circular hole and enter Enter lower box, extend residence time of the big material in casing, it is fully fermented, improve the stabilization of composting production Property.4) the short stirring rod of agitating device of the present invention and long stirring rod spiral is straggly coordinates, realizes being sufficiently mixed for material in casing, The compost time is shortened, the efficiency of compost is improved.5) present invention realizes rubbish from cooking original position and collects, crushes, heats, stirs With compost in one, while reducing domestic rubbish disposal load, by rubbish from cooking recycling.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of family of the present invention kitchen waste compost device in situ.
Fig. 2 is the process chart of kitchen waste compost method of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals is as follows in figure.
In figure, 1 casing, 2 heating and thermal insulations layer, 3 charging apertures, 4 rubber covers, 5 reducing mechanisms, 6 A-frames, 7 operations Panel, 8 control devices, 9 blow vents, 10 bacterium solutions add mouth, 11 agitating devices, 12 short stirring rod, 13 long stirring rod, 14 stirring every Plate, 15 filters, the outlet of 16 composting productions, 17 drawer handles, 18 door handles, 19 motor, 20 electric power connection lines.
Embodiment
The primary structure and operation principle of the present invention are described with preferred embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in figure 1, family's kitchen waste compost device in situ that the present invention is provided, including a casing 1, the He of motor 19 Electric power connection line 20.There is circular rubbish from cooking charge door 3 top of casing 1, and guidance panel 7, blow vent 9 and bacterium solution add mouth 10; The inside of casing 1 sets heating and thermal insulation layer 2, reducing mechanism 5, control device 8, agitating device 11;There is filter below casing 15th, composting production outlet 16, motor 19 and electric power connection line 20.
The casing 1 is cylinder, and overall diameter is 0.5m, a height of 0.8m;Charge door 3 is radius 5cm circular hole, positioned at case The upper right side of body 1, is connected between charging aperture 3 and reducing mechanism 5 by sensor, and reducing mechanism 5 starts when charging aperture 3 is opened, and is fed Reducing mechanism 5 is closed when mouth 3 is closed.The lower section of charging aperture 3 is provided with rubber cover 4, will during for preventing reducing mechanism 5 from rotating Rubbish from cooking throws away charging aperture.Guidance panel 7 is located at the upper left side of casing 1, and blow vent 9 is radius 4.0cm circular hole, positioned at operation The right side of panel 7, bacterium solution charge door 10 is radius 6cm circular hole, the active charcoal matrix of bottom, positioned at the right side of blow vent 9, charging The left side of mouth 3.
Have display panel and buzzer on the guidance panel 7, display panel can show Heat preservation layer 2 temperature and The rotating speed of agitating device 11, reaches after preparatory condition, and the sound of buzzer warning three is to show normal operation.
There is Heat preservation layer 2 inside the casing 1, set by electric heating iron hoop around box house, thickness is 5cm, thereon also One thermocouple temperature sensor is set, and temperature sensor is connected with display panel 7, for showing heap temperature, temperature sensor It is connected with control device 8, for controlling temperature.Reducing mechanism 5 is used for the rubbish from cooking for crushing entrance, and there is rubber guarantor its underface Sheath 4, is fixed on A-frame 6.Control device 8 is located at the inside upper left corner of casing 1, is connected with guidance panel 7, receives operation The rotating speed of the instruction of panel 7, control Heat preservation layer 2 and agitating device 11.Agitating device 11 is connected with control device 8, thereon Spiral is straggly to be dispersed with short stirring rod 12, long stirring rod 13, and stirring dividing plate 14 is located at the middle part of casing 1, is the half of radius 19.0cm Circle, is uniform-distribution with the circular hole that radius is 2.0cm, the big material more than radius 2.0cm can be trapped on casing thereon Side, extend its residence time by stirring dividing plate 14 moves down into lower box after fully fermentation particle diameter reduces.Stirring dividing plate 14 By casing 1 be divided into above and below two process chambers, upper process chamber and lower process chamber are dispersed with 2 short stirring rod 12 and 2 long respectively Stirring rod 13.
The filter 15 is located at the lower left of casing 1, and the circular hole that radius is 1.5cm, composting production are uniform-distribution with thereon Outlet 16 is located at the underface of filter 15, and there is handle 17 in left side, and there is motor 19 on right side, and motor 19 is three-phase asynchronous electric Machine, efficiency high, speed adjustable range are big, characteristic is hard, are connected with electric power connection line 20.
The casing 1 is provided with side door, for the cleaning and maintenance of box house, has casing door handle 18 on side door.
The compost method of the kitchen waste compost device is as follows:
1) electric power connection line 20 is inserted on socket, accesses power supply;
2) charging aperture 3 is opened, reducing mechanism 5 starts;
3) rubbish from cooking is put into charging aperture 3;
4) control operation panel 7, is set as 37 DEG C, the speed setting of agitating device 11 is 5rad/min by temperature.
5) compost terminates after 15d, and composting production outlet 16 is pulled out, collection is toppled over.
Obtained composting production test data is as follows:
By determining, composting production moisture content 51.7%, pH value is 5.74, organic matter 57.48%, electrical conductivity 4.0mS/ Cm, potentiality of seed 151%, plant-less toxicity shows the effect of obvious promotion plant growth.
In summary, the present invention is provided a kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and compost method, can be effective The source produced in rubbish from cooking family is reclaimed and handled, while reducing the load of urban garbage disposal, realizes The recycling of rubbish from cooking, composting production can be used for gardening and improved soil.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ, it is characterised in that described family kitchen waste compost device in situ Including casing (1), motor (19), electric power connection line (20);
Charge door (3), guidance panel (7), blow vent (9) and the bacterium solution of rubbish from cooking is set to add mouth above the casing (1) (10);Described guidance panel (7) is used to show the progress of work;Described blow vent (9) is used for casing (1) is internal and outside Environmental communication;
Heating and thermal insulation layer (2), reducing mechanism (5), control device (8), agitating device (11) are set inside the casing (1);
Described heating and thermal insulation layer (2) includes electric heating iron hoop winding layer and temperature sensor;Electric heating iron hoop winding layer is located in casing (1) One temperature sensor being connected with control device (8) and guidance panel (7), control device are set in portion, electric heating iron hoop winding layer (8) it is used to control temperature, guidance panel (7) is used for displays temperature;
Described reducing mechanism (5) is cutting blade, immediately below charge door (3), is fixed on A-frame (6), with control Device (8) connection processed;It is connected between reducing mechanism (5) and charge door (3) by sensor, when charge door (3) is opened, crushes dress (5) automatic start is put, when charge door (3) is closed, reducing mechanism (5) is automatically stopped work;
Described control device (8) is connected with guidance panel (7), the instruction for receiving guidance panel (7), controls heating and thermal insulation The temperature and the rotating speed of agitating device (11) of layer (2);
Described agitating device (11) includes short stirring rod (12), long stirring rod (13) and stirring dividing plate (14), control device (8) It is connected with agitating device (11), control agitating device (11) is in the internal mixing speed of casing (1);Described short stirring rod (12), long stirring rod (13) spiral is straggly is distributed on agitating device (11);Described stirring dividing plate (14) is semicircle, is located at In the middle part of agitating device (11), will be divided into inside casing (1) above and below two process chambers, in two process chambers short stirring rod (12) and Long stirring rod (13) sum is equal;A diameter of 2.0~5.0cm circular hole is uniformly distributed in described stirring dividing plate (14), is stirred Big material can be trapped in the top of casing 1 by dividing plate (14), and small material enters casing (1) bottom through circular hole;
Circular hole is uniformly distributed on described filter (15), side below casing (1) is arranged at, opposite side installs motor (19), motor (19) is connected with electric power connection line (20);Under described composting production outlet (16) is located at filter (15) just Side.
2. a kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ according to claim 1, it is characterised in that reducing mechanism (5) One layer of rubber cover (4) is set between charge door (3), it is described for avoiding the charge door (3) that flown out during kitchen waste crushing Rubber cover (4) be open immediately below the charge door (3).
3. a kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that described case Body (1) side, which is set, can open side door, and side door is provided with door handle (18).
4. the compost method of disposal carried out using family's kitchen waste compost device in situ described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, its It is characterised by following steps:
Power supply is passed through, starts compost and smashing device;Charge door (3) is opened, rubbish from cooking is put into;It is 37~55 to set heating-up temperature DEG C, speed of agitator be 3~12rad/min;The bacterium solution that mouth (10) pours into promotion compost fermentation is added from bacterium solution, rubbish from cooking is through hair Ferment, obtains fertilizer;
The bacterium solution is lactobacillus suspension, yeast liquid or other composite bacteria agents;The concentration of bacterium solution is 1 × 106~1 × 107cell/ ml;The consumption of bacterium solution is that 1kg rubbishes from cooking add 0~100ml bacterium solutions;The moisture content of the rubbish from cooking is 50%~80%.
CN201710246394.2A 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of family kitchen waste compost device in situ and its compost method of disposal CN107021795A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107556069A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-09 周庆川 Composting device for domestic waste
CN108188148A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 五河县智凯环保科技有限公司 A kind of poultry dung processing unit sterilized using solar energy heating
CN108687108A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-10-23 中山市和智电子科技有限公司 A kind of kitchen refuse processing apparatus
CN108863450A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-23 厦门理工学院 Household kitchen waste disposer
CN109230646A (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-18 徐得强 A kind of vegetables agricultural product rotten leaf recycling pretreatment unit
CN109354517A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-02-19 阜阳市颍东区兴牧禽业专业合作社 A kind of piglet night soil-treatment installation for fermenting
FR3096679A1 (en) * 2019-05-29 2020-12-04 M & N Monaco Biodegradation device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09103800A (en) * 1995-10-12 1997-04-22 S T Kenkyusho:Kk Device for decomposing and digesting organic matter
CN202297407U (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-07-04 周辉权 Fermentation intelligent kitchen garbage treatment device
CN203159493U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-08-28 罗家培 Natural aerobic composting equipment for organic waste
CN105541420A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-05-04 安徽工业大学 Continuous aerobic composting device and disposal method for dead livestock and poultry on livestock and poultry farm

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09103800A (en) * 1995-10-12 1997-04-22 S T Kenkyusho:Kk Device for decomposing and digesting organic matter
CN202297407U (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-07-04 周辉权 Fermentation intelligent kitchen garbage treatment device
CN203159493U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-08-28 罗家培 Natural aerobic composting equipment for organic waste
CN105541420A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-05-04 安徽工业大学 Continuous aerobic composting device and disposal method for dead livestock and poultry on livestock and poultry farm

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107556069A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-09 周庆川 Composting device for domestic waste
CN108687108A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-10-23 中山市和智电子科技有限公司 A kind of kitchen refuse processing apparatus
CN108188148A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 五河县智凯环保科技有限公司 A kind of poultry dung processing unit sterilized using solar energy heating
CN108188148B (en) * 2017-12-29 2020-07-24 遵义农神肥业有限公司 Poultry excrement treatment device utilizing solar energy for heating and sterilization
CN108863450A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-23 厦门理工学院 Household kitchen waste disposer
CN109230646A (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-18 徐得强 A kind of vegetables agricultural product rotten leaf recycling pretreatment unit
CN109354517A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-02-19 阜阳市颍东区兴牧禽业专业合作社 A kind of piglet night soil-treatment installation for fermenting
FR3096679A1 (en) * 2019-05-29 2020-12-04 M & N Monaco Biodegradation device

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Application publication date: 20170808