CN107021697B - Material for manufacturing rockery, rockery and manufacturing method of rockery - Google Patents

Material for manufacturing rockery, rockery and manufacturing method of rockery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107021697B
CN107021697B CN201710216321.9A CN201710216321A CN107021697B CN 107021697 B CN107021697 B CN 107021697B CN 201710216321 A CN201710216321 A CN 201710216321A CN 107021697 B CN107021697 B CN 107021697B
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Prior art keywords
rockery
percent
layer
binder
water
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CN107021697A (en
Inventor
李鹏
李铮桢
郭德虹
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Zhejiang Xinjiyuan Culture Co ltd
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Zhejiang Xinjiyuan Culture Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/06Natural ornaments; Imitations thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/46Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with organic materials
    • C04B41/48Macromolecular compounds
    • C04B41/4811Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones
    • C04B41/4819Urea-formaldehyde condensation products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/60After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only artificial stone
    • C04B41/61Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/62Coating or impregnation with organic materials
    • C04B41/63Macromolecular compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00956Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 for making sculptures or artistic casts

Abstract

Disclosed is a material for producing rockery, which can produce rockery without using a mold. A material for use in fabricating rockery, characterized by: comprises inorganic fiber, adhesive, pigment and auxiliary agent; wherein the inorganic fiber comprises the following components in percentage by mass: al (Al)203 15‑20%、CaO 20‑25%、MgO 7‑12%、Ti02 0.5‑2%、MnO 0.01‑0.5%、P205 0.01‑0.5%、Na20 0.1‑3%、K20 0.1‑3%、Si02 35‑55%。

Description

Material for manufacturing rockery, rockery and manufacturing method of rockery
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of rockery.
Background
The Chinese patent application with publication number CN 105128591A and publication date 2015, 12 months and 09 days discloses a plant-growing artificial hill stone, which comprises a shell, a drainage hole, a plant-growing hole, plant grass and a filler, wherein the shell is a colored all-lightweight aggregate fiber concrete shell, and the filler is ceramsite foam cement soil filler. The colorful full-light aggregate fiber concrete comprises aggregate, fiber, cement, a steel wire mesh and a water reducing agent, wherein the aggregate is ceramsite and ceramic sand with the bulk density of 500kg/m 3-1000 kg/m3, the fiber is high-elasticity modulus organic fiber or alkali-resistant glass fiber, the cement is one of white cement, sulphoaluminate cement or ordinary portland cement, the water reducing agent is a high-efficiency water reducing agent with the water reducing rate of more than 25%, and the compressive strength of the concrete is more than 30 MPa.
However, the internal filler of the vegetation rockery is inconvenient to use by adopting ceramsite foam cement soil, and the rockery is manufactured by designing the shape of a mold, so that the manufacture is inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the present invention is to provide a material for producing a rockery, which can produce the rockery without using a mold.
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention aims to realize that:
a material for use in fabricating rockery, characterized by: comprises inorganic fiber, adhesive, pigment and auxiliary agent; wherein the inorganic fiber comprises the following components in percentage by mass: al (Al)20315-20%、CaO 20-25%、MgO 7-12%、Ti020.5-2%、MnO 0.01-0.5%、P2050.01-0.5%、Na200.1-3%、K20 0.1-3%、Si0235-55%。
On the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: the average diameter of the inorganic fibers is 2-7 microns; the inorganic fibers have an average length of 0.2 to 40 mm.
On the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: the binder comprises quick-drying cement and portland cement; the mass ratio of the quick-drying cement to the portland cement is 0-10: 5.
on the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: the pigment is selected from one or more of iron oxide red, titanium oxide, carbon black, iron oxide yellow and chromium oxide.
On the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: the auxiliary agent comprises an early strength agent, a water reducing agent and Al2(SO4)3·18H2O、Al2(SO4)3·K2SO4·24H2O、NaAlO2And iron salt crystals; wherein the iron salt crystals are selected from FeCl3·6H2O、FeSO4·6H2O and Fe2(SO4)3·2H2And one or more of O.
On the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: the mass ratio of the inorganic fiber, the binder and the pigment is 800-1000: 30-400: 0 to 10; the mass ratio of the total mass of the inorganic fibers, the binder and the pigment to the auxiliary agent is 1000: 1-5.
On the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: : the material also comprises urea-formaldehyde glue coated on the surface of the molded material.
The invention also provides a rockery using the material, which comprises a basic structure and is characterized in that: the foundation structure is made of foam blocks, soil, building garbage, stones, concrete and/or steel frames, an outer layer covers the outer surface of the foundation structure, and the outer layer is made of materials mixed with water.
The invention also provides a method for manufacturing the rockery applying the material, which comprises a foundation structure, wherein the method comprises a foundation structure construction step, and the initial shape of the rockery is constructed by adopting foam blocks, soil, construction waste, stones, concrete and/or steel frames; coating an outer layer, wherein the material is coated on the surface of the base structure after being mixed with water and before being uncured, and the mass ratio of the material to the water is 100: 70-150.
On the basis of the above scheme and as a preferable scheme of the scheme: the density of the outer layer is controlled by pressing before the outer layer is uncured, a portion of the outer layer forming a high density region and another portion of the outer layer forming a low density region.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the outstanding and beneficial technical effects that:
the material for manufacturing rockery of the invention has good water retention and water permeability after molding. In addition, experiments prove that the inorganic fiber adopting the components shows good slump, and has more obvious advantages in the aspect of the modeling of rockery. Due to the good slump, the rockery with clear edges can be manufactured without a mould in the manufacturing process.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a rockery according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present application clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and not all the embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without making any inventive step, based on the given embodiments, fall within the scope of protection of the present application.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing the present application and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present application.
The invention discloses a material for manufacturing rockery, which comprises inorganic fiber, a binder, a pigment and an auxiliary agent. The material is used, so that the rockery is convenient to manufacture, and particularly the requirement for material selection for manufacturing the rockery is lowered. Thus, in the process of manufacturing the rockery, local materials can be used, namely, foam blocks, soil, construction waste, stones, concrete and/or steel frames are used for constructing a foundation structure to construct the general shape of the rockery, and then the material disclosed by the invention is attached to the outer surface of the rockery for modeling, so that the rockery has sharp edges and corners, and the rockery is endowed with agility and aesthetic feeling. When the material for manufacturing the rockery is specifically applied, the material is mixed with water in proportion, and the mixture is used for modeling the rockery so as to show the edge angle of the rockery finely. The binder is used to solidify the inorganic fibers to provide strength and rigidity. As the inorganic fiber is adopted, the material has pores after being solidified, and has proper water permeability and water retention property so as to utilize the growth of plants. The pigment is used for enriching the color of rockery. The slump can be reduced by using the combined action of the auxiliary agent and the inorganic fiber component, so that the rockery can be conveniently shaped.
Typically, the mass ratio between inorganic fibers, binder and pigment is 800-: 30-400: 0 to 10; the mass ratio of the total mass of the inorganic fibers, the binder and the pigment to the auxiliary agent is 1000: 1-5.
The pigment and the auxiliary agent may be mixed with the inorganic fiber, the binder, and the like in advance, or may be added at the time of later construction.
In the embodiment, the average diameter of the inorganic fibers is 2 to 7 micrometers; the inorganic fibers have an average length of 0.2 to 40 mm. Typically, the inorganic fibers have the composition: al (Al)20315-20%、CaO 20-25%、MgO 7-12%、Ti020.5-2%、MnO 0.01-0.5%、P2050.01-0.5%、Na200.1-3%、K200.1-3%、Si0235 to 55 percent. With such inorganic fibers, there are voids after curing, so thatThe molded product has good water retention and water permeability. In addition, experiments prove that the inorganic fiber adopting the components shows good slump, and has more obvious advantages in the aspect of the modeling of rockery.
In this embodiment, the binder includes quick-dry cement and portland cement; the mass ratio of the quick-drying cement to the portland cement is 0-10: 5.
in general, the binder is synthesized by mixing quick-drying muddy water and portland cement. By adopting the two components, the inorganic fiber can be quickly cured, and the strength of the cured inorganic fiber can be ensured. Of course, the binder may be portland cement only.
In this embodiment, the pigment is selected from one or more of red iron oxide, titanium oxide, carbon black, yellow iron oxide, and chromium oxide. The use of these pigments can enrich the color of the rockery.
The auxiliary agent comprises an early strength agent, a water reducing agent and Al2(SO4)3·18H2O、Al2(SO4)3·K2SO4·24H2O、NaAlO2And iron salt crystals; wherein the iron salt crystals are selected from FeCl3·6H2O、FeSO46H2O and Fe2(SO4)3·2H2And one or more of O. The aluminum salt crystals and the iron salt crystals, which are used as a precipitating agent for purified water.
The water consumption for mixing can be reduced by reducing the water reducing agent, the hydration speed of the cement is accelerated by the early strength agent, and the early strength is improved. It can be understood that by adding a water reducing agent and an early strength agent to a mixture of inorganic fibers and a binder, slump is greatly reduced by reducing the amount of water used and increasing early strength. Under the combined action of the components, the sharp corners of the rockery can be easily molded without using an integral die, namely, the molding is carried out, and the molding of the corners of the rockery can be ensured. In addition, because the components adopt inorganic fibers, cracks can be avoided after forming.
It should be noted that, since the rockery does not use an integral mold during the forming process, i.e., a mold is not used during the application of the above-mentioned material, the density control can be performed by the degree of pressing in the construction in different regions of the rockery during the application of the above-mentioned material for the formation of the rockery. The density of the area pressed and tamped in the construction process is high, and the density of the area not tamped is low. Correspondingly, the porosity is small with a small density and large with a small density. And the method is used for cultivating plants in the area without tamping.
The material also comprises urea-formaldehyde glue coated on the surface of the molded material.
And coating the urea-formaldehyde glue on the surface of the rockery after construction and maintenance so as to form a rigid protective layer on the surface of the rockery. Generally, after construction and maintenance, urea-formaldehyde glue is sprayed on the pressed and compacted part of the rockery to form a rigid protective layer thereon. It should be noted that the dense part can be pressed without spraying urea-formaldehyde glue, and lichen plants such as moss can be cultivated in the later stage. The area without pressing and tamping is used for cultivating plants.
The invention also discloses a rockery applying the material, which comprises a foundation structure 1, wherein the foundation structure is made of foam blocks, soil, construction waste, stones, concrete and/or steel frames, an outer layer 2 covers the outer surface of the foundation structure, and the outer layer is made of the material mixed with water.
In the case of fabricating the outer layer of the rockery, the material is attached to the outer surface of the base structure after mixing with water and before it is cured. The outer layer is firmly attached to the outer surface of the chassis due to the binder contained in the material.
It is noted that the outer surface of the base structure refers to the portion exposed above the earth's surface.
The invention also discloses a method for manufacturing the rockery by applying the material, which comprises a foundation structure, wherein the method comprises a foundation structure construction step, and the initial shape of the rockery is constructed by adopting foam blocks, soil, construction waste, stones, concrete and/or steel frames; coating an outer layer, wherein the material is mixed with water and then coated on the surface of the base structure before being cured, and the mass ratio of the material to the water is 100: 70-150.
The density of the outer layer is controlled by pressing before the outer layer is uncured, a portion of the outer layer forming a high density region and another portion of the outer layer forming a low density region. Specifically, a part of the outer layer is subjected to press tamping to form a high-density region; the other part of the area forms a low density area. When the low-density region is formed, a slight pressing or no pressing may be performed.
It should be noted that it is preferable to provide,
after the rockery is produced, lichen plants such as moss can be cultivated in the later period of a high-density area through later-period maintenance. Is used for cultivating plants in a low-density area. Typically, grooves are provided in the low density areas, in which plants are implanted. Because the plants are located in the low-density area and the foundation structure is also made of foam blocks, soil, construction waste, stones, concrete and/or steel frames, the growth of the roots of the plants is facilitated.
The high-density region and the low-density region are relative concepts, that is, when different densities are expressed in the outer layer and the density of one region is higher than that of the other region, a region having a relatively high density is defined as a high-density region and a region having a relatively low density is defined as a low-density region.
The above embodiments are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the invention are covered by the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (2)

1. A manufacturing method of rockery comprises a basic structure, and is characterized in that:
the material for manufacturing the rockery comprises inorganic fiber, a binder, a pigment and an auxiliary agent; wherein the inorganic fiber comprises the following components in percentage by mass: 315-20 percent of Al2O, 20-25 percent of CaO, 7-12 percent of MgO, 20.5-2 percent of TiO20.5, 0.01-0.5 percent of MnO, P2O50.01-0.5 percent, 0.1-3 percent of Na2O 0.1, 0.1-3 percent of K2O 0.1 and 235-55 percent of SiO; the average diameter of the inorganic fibers is 2-7 microns; the average length of the inorganic fibers is 0.2-40 mm; the binder comprises quick-drying cement and portland cement; the mass ratio of the quick-drying cement to the portland cement is 0-10: 5; the pigment is selected from one or more of iron oxide red, titanium oxide, carbon black, iron oxide yellow and chromium oxide; the auxiliary agent comprises an early strength agent, a water reducing agent and one or more selected from Al2(SO4) 3.18H 2O, Al2(SO4) 3. K2SO4.24H2O, NaAlO2 and iron salt crystals; wherein the iron salt crystals are selected from one or more of FeCl3.6H2O, FeSO4.6H2O and Fe2(SO4) 3.2H 2O, and the mass ratio of the inorganic fiber, the binder and the pigment is 800-1000: 30-400: 0 to 10; the mass ratio of the total mass of the inorganic fibers, the binder and the pigment to the auxiliary agent is 1000: 1-5, also comprising urea-formaldehyde glue coated on the surface of the molded material; the foundation structure is made of foam blocks, soil, building garbage, stones, concrete and/or steel frames, an outer layer is covered on the outer surface of the foundation structure, and the outer layer is made of the material mixed with water;
the foundation structure construction steps are as follows: constructing the initial shape of the rockery by adopting foam blocks, soil, construction waste, stones, concrete and/or steel frames; coating an outer layer, wherein the material is mixed with water and then coated on the surface of the base structure before being cured, and the mass ratio of the material to the water is 100: 70-150.
2. The method for producing a rockery according to claim 1, wherein: the density of the outer layer is controlled by pressing before the outer layer is uncured, a portion of the outer layer forming a high density region and another portion of the outer layer forming a low density region.
CN201710216321.9A 2017-04-05 2017-04-05 Material for manufacturing rockery, rockery and manufacturing method of rockery Active CN107021697B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107554178B (en) * 2017-10-17 2020-05-22 绍兴壹佳建设有限公司 Rockery construction method
CN108083845A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-05-29 威海南海碳材料科技研究院有限公司 It is a kind of for carbon fibre reinforced concrete of artificial hillock and preparation method thereof
CN110183174A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-08-30 南京林业大学 A method of historic gardens artificial hillock is prepared using construction refuse regenerated

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1486861A (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-04-07 北京宝贵石艺科技有限公司 Prefabricated regenerated stone block for rockery, its fabrication process, regenerated stone rockery and its piling up method
CN1887782A (en) * 2006-07-17 2007-01-03 广州博粤科技发展有限公司 Light stone imitation material and its production process
CN102343760A (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-02-08 黄华军 Method for manufacturing rockery from low alkalinity glass fiber cement through stone shaping

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1486861A (en) * 2003-08-08 2004-04-07 北京宝贵石艺科技有限公司 Prefabricated regenerated stone block for rockery, its fabrication process, regenerated stone rockery and its piling up method
CN1887782A (en) * 2006-07-17 2007-01-03 广州博粤科技发展有限公司 Light stone imitation material and its production process
CN102343760A (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-02-08 黄华军 Method for manufacturing rockery from low alkalinity glass fiber cement through stone shaping

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