CN107020310B - A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press - Google Patents

A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107020310B
CN107020310B CN201710342614.1A CN201710342614A CN107020310B CN 107020310 B CN107020310 B CN 107020310B CN 201710342614 A CN201710342614 A CN 201710342614A CN 107020310 B CN107020310 B CN 107020310B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
plate
rollgang
elevating lever
arm
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CN201710342614.1A
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CN107020310A (en
Inventor
郝建伟
胡典章
陈曦
杨力
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Zhongye Jingcheng Engineering Technology Co Ltd
CERI Technology Co Ltd
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Zhongye Jingcheng Engineering Technology Co Ltd
CERI Technology Co Ltd
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Publication of CN107020310A publication Critical patent/CN107020310A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D1/00Straightening, restoring form or removing local distortions of sheet metal or specific articles made therefrom; Stretching sheet metal combined with rolling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C51/00Measuring, gauging, indicating, counting, or marking devices specially adapted for use in the production or manipulation of material in accordance with subclasses B21B - B21F
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/08Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by rollers
    • B21D43/09Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by rollers by one or more pairs of rollers for feeding sheet or strip material

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of panel turnover machines and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, including the rollgang (5) before the machine that the direction of advance of plate to be processed (2) is set gradually, the long measuring device of plate (4), mechanical template detection device (1), rollgang (7) after press (6) and machine, the panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press further include panel turnover machine (3), panel turnover machine (3) is located at the left or right side of rollgang (5) before machine, panel turnover machine (3) can be by plate to be processed (2) turn-over on rollgang before machine (5), mechanical template detection device (1) can detect the template of plate (2) to be processed by contacting with the surface of plate to be processed (2).The straightening equipment can completely abandoning tradition simple artificial detection template surface quality hard work, the Unit erriger the degree of automation is substantially improved, greatly improves labor productivity.

Description

A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of metallurgical machinery, and in particular to be that a kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type of press are rectified Straight equipment.
Background technique
With Wide and Thick Slab (especially high-intensitive Wide and Thick Slab) in industrial circle using more and more, for boiler pressure The requirement of the template flatness of used Wide and Thick Slab is also further stringent in the fields such as container, bridge, skyscraper.It is well known that Steel plate can bend during heat treatment and then cooling or wooden dipper is bent, and the wider steel plate the thicker, and wooden dipper song amount is also bigger.For Such steel plate generally using aligning process, generallys use leveller equipment and is aligned, but it wants straightening steel plate thickness It asks, cold strong steel plate thickness is no more than 40mm, and the alloy-steel plate after straightener is especially heat-treated slightly thick steel plate is helpless. Therefore, each Thick Plate Plant is equipped with cut deal press and carries out quick and accurate leveling to thick steel plate.With to super-thick steel plate Growing and to steel plate flatness the requirement of demand, built cut deal workshop is all in newly-increased cut deal press.
And cut deal, in rolling and transportational process, steel plate due to rolling defect and is set during undergoing whole flow process There is certain damage to surface of steel plate in the reasons such as standby damage.Panel turnover machine, the function of panel turnover machine are equipped in cut deal finishing line It can be overturning steel plate to carry out surface inspection and online processing.
Therefore, panel turnover machine and press belong to Heavy Plate Production line Runout area equipment, belong to off-line device, traditional Cut deal mill arrangement is that panel turnover machine and press are independently arranged, work independently, each self-configuring corresponding operation personnel, Under working efficiency is very low, the degree of automation it is lower.Traditional pressing machine equipment is all made of in checking template and applanation process Artificial to determine, decision errors are larger, and working efficiency is low, greatly result in waste of resources.Traditional press uses chain Transport steel plate, high failure rate, low efficiency.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as existing cut deal aligning low efficiency, the present invention provides a kind of panel turnover machine and press are compact Association type straightening equipment, the panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press by the long measuring device of rollgang, plate before machine, Rollgang and panel turnover machine combine after mechanical template detection device, press, machine, to have the degree of automation High, the characteristics of work efficiency is high.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type of press are rectified Straight equipment, including the long measuring device of rollgang, plate, mechanical template before the machine that the direction of advance of plate to be processed is set gradually Rollgang after detection device, press and machine, the panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press further include panel turnover machine, The long measuring device of plate is located at the front of rollgang before machine, and panel turnover machine is located at the left or right side of rollgang before machine, panel turnover machine Plate turn-over to be processed on rollgang before machine, mechanical template detection device can be passed through the surface with plate to be processed Contact detects the template of plate to be processed.
The mechanical template detection device includes crossbeam and multiple detection units, and crossbeam is parallel to the biography of rollgang before machine Roller is sent, multiple detection units are arranged along the length direction uniform intervals of crossbeam, and detection unit contains for the table with plate to be processed The elevating lever of face joint, elevating lever can be moved back and forth along the axis direction of elevating lever, and detection unit also contains can be to liter Drop bar provides the reset assembly of restoring force and is able to detect the displacement sensor of elevating lever displacement.
The detection unit also detection unit bracket containing tubular, detection unit support casing are set to outside elevating lever, elevating lever Axis is vertical with the length direction of crossbeam, and detection unit bracket is connected and fixed with crossbeam;Displacement sensor is located at detection unit branch Outside one end of frame, displacement sensor contains rod-shaped detecting head, and the detecting head of displacement sensor is inserted in one end of elevating lever, Fixing sleeve is equipped with magnet ring in one end of elevating lever, and magnet ring is sheathed on outside the detecting head of displacement sensor, one end of elevating lever it is interior The internal diameter of diameter and magnet ring is all larger than the outer diameter of the detecting head of displacement sensor.
Crossbeam is located at the top of plate to be processed, and elevating lever is arranged along the vertical direction, and displacement sensor is located at detection unit branch Outside the upper end of frame, the upper end of elevating lever is set in detection unit bracket, and the lower end of elevating lever is set to outside detection unit bracket, The reset assembly is located in detection unit bracket, and the lower end of elevating lever is equipped with roller, rollgang before the axis and machine of roller Transfer roller axis it is parallel.
The reset assembly contain the overhead gage being successively sheathed on outside elevating lever from the top down, upper guide sleeve, spring, under lead To set and lower baffle plate, the internal diameter of the inner via hole of overhead gage is greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever, and the outer diameter of upper guide sleeve is greater than overhead gage The internal diameter of inner via hole, the internal diameter of upper guide sleeve are greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever, and spring is in compressive state, the upper end of spring with above lead It being abutted to set, upper guide sleeve is abutted with overhead gage, and the lower end of spring is abutted with lower guide sleeve, and lower guide sleeve is abutted with lower baffle plate, Lower guide sleeve is fixedly connected with elevating lever, and the outer diameter of lower guide sleeve is greater than the internal diameter of the inner via hole of lower baffle plate, and the interior of lower baffle plate leads to The internal diameter in hole is greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever, and overhead gage and lower baffle plate are connected and fixed with detection unit bracket.
The mechanical template detection device further includes rack, which contains attachment beam, and attachment beam is parallel with crossbeam, crossbeam Horizontally disposed, elevating lever is arranged along the vertical direction, and the position of detection unit is fixed relative to crossbeam, the mechanical template Detection device further includes the driving mechanism that crossbeam can be driven to move along the vertical direction, which connect with attachment beam.
Panel turnover machine, which contains the direction of advance along plate to be processed is set gradually a plurality of first and turns over arm and second, turns over arm, and first turns over Arm and second turns over arm one-to-one correspondence, and the first transfer roller for turning over arm and rollgang before machine is arranged alternately, and first, which turns over arm and second, turns over Arm can rotate, and first, which turns over arm, can turn to before machine between the transfer roller of rollgang, and first, which turns over arm and second, turns over arm and turn Plate to be processed on rollgang before machine can be moved to second after dynamic to turn on arm and make plate turn-over to be processed.
First arm axle and second that turns over for turning over arm turns over the left side of arm turned over arm axle and be respectively positioned on rollgang before machine;Arm is turned over when first When turning over arm with second and turning to horizontality, first, which turns over arm and second, turns over arm and is located along the same line, first turn over arm with it is defeated before machine Send the transfer roller of roller-way parallel, first, which turns over arm, is located at before machine between the transfer roller of rollgang, and second turns over before arm is located at machine and convey The left side of roller-way;When first turns over arm and second turns over arm and turn to vertical state, first turn over arm and second turn over arm can will be before machine Plate to be processed on rollgang turns to upright state and clamps.
The long measuring device of plate contains bracket and rotating arm, and one end of rotating arm is equipped with roller and encoder, and rotating arm passes through Connector is connect with bracket, and rotating arm can rotate the surface for making roller be pressed on plate to be processed, is conveyed before the axis and machine of roller The axis of the transfer roller of roller-way is parallel, and encoder is able to record the turnning circle of roller.
Press contains organic frame and hydraulic cylinder for reduction system, and hydraulic cylinder for reduction system is located in rack, and hydraulic cylinder for reduction system can be to be added The surface of work plate is flattened, and press also contains the axis for driving hydraulic cylinder for reduction system transfer roller of rollgang before machine The mobile transverse-moving mechanism in direction, the distance between rollgang is less than the length of plate to be processed, machine after rollgang and machine before machine Rollgang, which can cooperate, after preceding rollgang and machine moves forward or back plate to be processed.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: improving work efficiency, and space is saved, has made technology arrangement more rationally, certainly Dynamicization degree greatly improves.The straightening equipment has accomplished surface of steel plate repair process and the correction of plate shape for the processing of Runout area steel plate Integrative solution.The inefficiency of traditional artificial detection steel plate flatness and the problem that precision is low have been abandoned, has been improved The degree of automation of complete machine, precision further increase.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, and of the invention shows Examples and descriptions thereof are used to explain the present invention for meaning property, does not constitute improper limitations of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the axis side schematic diagram of panel turnover machine of the present invention Yu the compact association type straightening equipment of press.
Fig. 2 is the main view of panel turnover machine of the present invention Yu the compact association type straightening equipment of press.
Fig. 3 is the axis side schematic diagram of mechanical template detection device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic front view of mechanical template detection device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the main view of detection unit schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is in Fig. 5 along the cross-sectional view in the direction B-B.
Fig. 7 is the axis side perspective diagram of detection unit schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing schematic diagram at the position C in Fig. 3.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of driving mechanism.
Figure 10 is the enlarged drawing schematic diagram at the position D in Fig. 3.
Figure 11 is the enlarged drawing at panel turnover machine position in Fig. 1.
Figure 12 is the axis side schematic diagram of panel turnover machine.
Figure 13 is the axis side schematic diagram of the long measuring device of plate.
Figure 14 is the axis side schematic diagram of press.
1, mechanical template detection device;2, plate to be processed;3, panel turnover machine;4, the long measuring device of plate;5, conveying roller before machine Road;6, press;7, rollgang after machine;
11, steel plate;12, detection unit;13, fixed bracket;14, elevator;15, synchronizing shaft;16, decelerating motor;17, it compiles Code device;18, erection support;19, attachment beam;110, articulated shaft;111, crossbeam;112, fixed glides;113, sliding bearing;114, Tubular slide plate;115, displacement sensor;116, magnet ring;117, upper guide sleeve;118, spring;119, elevating lever;120, roller; 121, detection unit bracket;122, overhead gage;123, lower guide sleeve;124, lower baffle plate;125, nut;
31, first hydraulic cylinder;32, first arm is turned over;33, roller;34, pedestal;35, second arm is turned over;36, arm axle is turned over;37, it compiles Code device;38, displacement sensor;39, second hydraulic cylinder;
41, roller;42, encoder;43, cylinder;44, bracket;45, rotary shaft;46, rotating arm;
61, rack;62, traversing hydraulic cylinder;63, pressure head;64, hydraulic cylinder for reduction system;65, wheel.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the features in the embodiments and the embodiments of the present application can phase Mutually combination.The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, including successively being set along the direction of advance of plate 2 to be processed Rollgang 7 after the long measuring device 4 of rollgang 5, plate, mechanical template detection device 1, press 6 and machine before the machine set, should Panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press further include panel turnover machine 3, and the long measuring device 4 of plate is located at rollgang 5 before machine Front, panel turnover machine 3 is located at the left side of rollgang 5 before machine, and panel turnover machine 3 can be by the plate to be processed 2 before machine on rollgang 5 Turn-over, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.
Plate 2 (such as steel plate 11) to be processed through overhead traveling crane it is direct on expect panel turnover machine 3, surface inspection can be carried out on panel turnover machine 3 And surface defect can be handled, as shown in Figure 1.The steel plate handled well can be conveyed through rollgang 5 before machine, and steel plate exists By that can be detected to 11 template of steel plate when the long measuring device 4 of plate and mechanical template detection device 1 and record defective bit It sets, steel plate is by after complete documentation template, the cooperation conveying steel plate of rollgang 5,6 basis of press before rollgang 7 and machine after machine The work of template testing result, position carries out pressing work to steel plate one by one.Steel plate after the pressing rollgang 7 after machine is delivered to After machine, steel plate is hoisted to warehouse for finished product by overhead traveling crane.The panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press are primarily directed to plate Thickness is greater than slab, the special heavy plate of 20mm.
The panel turnover machine also contains compact with press for controlling the panel turnover machine with the compact association type straightening equipment of press The control unit of association type straightening equipment operation, mechanical template detection device 1 include crossbeam 111 and multiple detection units 12, Multiple detection units 12 along crossbeam 111 length direction uniform intervals arrange, detection unit 12 contain for plate 2 to be processed The elevating lever 119 of surface joint, elevating lever 119 can be moved back and forth along the axis direction of elevating lever 119, and detection unit 12 is also Containing can to elevating lever 119 provide restoring force reset assembly and be able to detect elevating lever 119 be displaced displacement sensor 115, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4.
In the horizontal direction, left and right directions of multiple detection units 12 in Fig. 4 is sequentially arranged at intervals crossbeam 111, elevating lever 119 are arranged along the vertical direction, and the mechanical template detection device is by 119 mechanical type contact of elevating lever plate to be processed 2 (with steel plate For 11) mode on surface records template distribution situation, reliable and stable, avoid traditional use photo-electric it is at high cost, by ring Border influences big, stability difference situation, and cost of investment is greatly saved.
In the present embodiment, the particular number of detection unit 12 can differ for 10~20, and main basis steel sheet is wide Degree determines its quantity, and detection unit 12 also the detection unit bracket 121 containing tubular, detection unit bracket 121 are sheathed on lifting Outside bar 119, the axis of elevating lever 119 is vertical with the length direction of crossbeam 111, and detection unit bracket 121 connect solid with crossbeam 111 It is fixed, as shown in Figures 5 to 7.
In the present embodiment, displacement sensor 115 is located at outside the upper end of detection unit bracket 121, and displacement sensor 115 contains There is rod-shaped detecting head, which is located in detection unit bracket 121, blind hole in the upper end of elevating lever 119, displacement sensor 115 detecting head is inserted in the upper end of elevating lever 119, and fixing sleeve is equipped with magnet ring 116, magnet ring 116 in the upper end of elevating lever 119 It is sheathed on outside the detecting head of displacement sensor 115, the internal diameter of the upper end of elevating lever 119 and the internal diameter of magnet ring 116 are all larger than displacement The outer diameter of the detecting head of sensor 115, displacement sensor 115 can move up and down position by detection magnet ring 116 to obtain Elevating lever 119 the surface relief situation for moving up and down information and steel plate to be measured, the center line of elevating lever 119, magnet ring 116 The center line of the detecting head of center line and displacement sensor 115 is overlapped, and the detecting head of displacement sensor 115 should not be with elevating lever 119 and magnet ring 116 contact, to improve measurement accuracy.Displacement sensor 115 is existing commercial product, such as can choose U.S. MTS The product of company.
In the present embodiment, the upper end of elevating lever 119 is set in detection unit bracket 121, and the lower end of elevating lever 119 is set It is placed in outside detection unit bracket 121, the reset assembly is located in detection unit bracket 121, and the lower end of elevating lever 119 is equipped with roller Wheel 120, the axis of roller 120 is parallel with the length direction of crossbeam 111, the roller 120 of the lower end of elevating lever 119 for it is to be measured The surface joint of steel plate, roller 120 is during the surface joint with steel plate to be measured, due to the effect of reset assembly, Elevating lever 119 can be moved up and down with the convex-concave of surface of steel plate.
In the present embodiment, the reset assembly contains the overhead gage being successively sheathed on outside elevating lever 119 from the top down 122, upper guide sleeve 117, spring 118, lower guide sleeve 123 and lower baffle plate 124, the internal diameter of the inner via hole of overhead gage 122, which is greater than, to be risen The outer diameter of bar 119 drops, and the outer diameter of upper guide sleeve 117 is greater than the internal diameter of the inner via hole of overhead gage 122, the internal diameter of upper guide sleeve 117 Greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever 119, spring 118 is in compressive state, and the upper end of spring 118 is abutted with upper guide sleeve 117, upper guiding Set 117 is abutted with overhead gage 122, and the lower end of spring 118 is abutted with lower guide sleeve 123, and lower guide sleeve 123 is supported with lower baffle plate 124 It connects, lower guide sleeve 123 is fixedly connected with elevating lever 119, and the outer diameter of lower guide sleeve 123 is greater than the interior of the inner via hole of lower baffle plate 124 Diameter, the internal diameter of the inner via hole of lower baffle plate 124 are greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever 119, and spring 118 can also continue to compress, overhead gage 122 and lower baffle plate 124 be connected and fixed with detection unit bracket 121.Elevating lever 119 should not be with overhead gage 122, upper guide sleeve 117, spring 118 and lower baffle plate 124 contact, to improve measurement accuracy.Spring 118 provides elevating lever 119 and moves along the vertical direction Restoring force.The center of elevating lever 119, overhead gage 122, upper guide sleeve 117, spring 118, lower guide sleeve 123 and lower baffle plate 124 Line is overlapped.
In the present embodiment, which further includes rack, which contains attachment beam 19 and connection The fixation bracket 13 at 19 both ends of beam, attachment beam 19 is parallel with crossbeam 111, and attachment beam 19 is located at the oblique upper of crossbeam 111, attachment beam 19 is horizontally disposed with crossbeam 111, and detection unit 12 is connected and fixed with crossbeam 111, two adjacent detection units 12 The distance between it is identical, the elevating lever 119 of two adjacent detection units 12 is parallel to each other, the lifting of all detection units 12 The lower end of bar 119 is concordant in the horizontal direction, which further includes that can drive crossbeam 111 along the vertical direction Mobile driving mechanism.
In the present embodiment, which contains decelerating motor 16, synchronizing shaft 15 and two elevators 14, two liftings Machine 14 is set gradually along the length direction of crossbeam 111, and two elevators 14 are corresponding in the both ends of crossbeam 111, and two rise Drop machine 14 is connected by synchronizing shaft 15, and synchronizing shaft 15 is parallel with crossbeam 111, decelerating motor 16 and two elevators 14 with Attachment beam 19 is connected and fixed by erection support 18, and decelerating motor 16 can drive synchronizing shaft 15 to rotate, and elevator 14 is containing defeated The output shaft of shaft, elevator 14 is arranged along the vertical direction, and synchronizing shaft 15 passes through worm and gear or bevel gear and elevator 14 Output shaft transmission connection, the output shaft of two elevators 14 pass through driving member and connect with crossbeam 111, and elevator 14 connects useful In the encoder 17 of the rotational angle of recording synchronism axis 15, encoder 17 is connected with signal acquisition unit and control unit, slows down Motor 16 can drive crossbeam 111 to move along the vertical direction after working, as shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 8.
In the present embodiment, the driving member is located at the lower section of attachment beam 19, and the driving member is located at same with crossbeam 111 Highly, the driving member contains nut 125 and articulated shaft 110, which is sheathed on outside the output shaft of elevator 14, the spiral shell Mother 125 is threadedly coupled with the output shaft of elevator 14, central axis and intersection of the axis of articulated shaft 110 with the nut 125, Articulated shaft 110 is located at outside the nut 125, and one end of articulated shaft 110 is connected and fixed with the nut 125, the other end of articulated shaft 110 It is plugged in crossbeam 111, due to containing two elevators 14, so also containing there are two the driving member, two driving members Nut 125 internal screw thread it is oppositely oriented, as shown in Figure 9.When work, decelerating motor 16 successively drives synchronizing shaft 15 and two The output shaft of elevator 14 rotates, and since nut 125 cannot rotate, will drive nut 125 after the output shaft rotation of elevator 14 It is moved up and down along the vertical direction with crossbeam 111, crossbeam 111 will drive detection unit 12 to synchronize and move up and down.In the process, it controls Unit processed can rotate the mobile distance and synchronizing shaft of a circle rear cross beam 111 according to initial position, the synchronizing shaft 15 of crossbeam 111 15 rotational angle can detect and control the lifting position of crossbeam 111, thus for different-thickness steel plate by adjusting cross The lifting of beam 111 participates in control.
In the present embodiment, the both ends of two fixed brackets 13 and crossbeam 111 correspond, the both ends of attachment beam 19 and two The top of a fixed bracket 13 connects one to one fixation, and the end of crossbeam 111 is plugged in fixed bracket 13, fixed bracket 13 The guide groove slided along the vertical direction for crossbeam 111 is included, i.e. the end of crossbeam 111 is plugged in leading in fixed bracket 13 Into slot, as shown in Figure 10.
Specifically, fixed bracket 13 is in door frame like structure, tubular slide plate 114 is arranged with outside the end of crossbeam 111, tubular is sliding Plate 114 is fixedly connected by the sliding bearing 113 of 111 end of crossbeam with crossbeam 111, and the inside of fixed bracket 13 is provided with two pieces Parallel fixed glides 112, two pieces of fixed glides 112 form the guide groove, and tubular slide plate 114 is located at two pieces of fixed glides Between 112, the end of crossbeam 111 slides up and down between two pieces of fixed glides 112, as shown in Figure 8.
The working principle of detection unit 12 is described below:
The roller 120 of 12 bottom of detection unit is after touching the surface of detected material, as shown in Figures 1 to 5, tested Survey object advance during, can be pressed against always under the action of 118 pretightning force of spring in the entire rolling process of roller 120 by Detectable substance surface, in the case that detected material surface shape changes, elevating lever 119 is gone up and down therewith, and elevating lever 119 drives magnetic Ring 116 moves up and down, so that displacement sensor 115 generates shift value signal, displacement sensor 115 again believes the shift value Number it is sent to described control unit.
The working principle of the mechanical template detection device is described below:
The drive of crossbeam 111 detection unit 12 moves downward the surface of contact steel plate 11 under the driving of decelerating motor 16, when The reading of displacement sensor 115 is all not zero in all detection units 12 when being worth, as initial position, at this point, decelerating motor 16 Continue to press next fixed value (i.e. crossbeam 111, which moves down, makes spring 118 in detection unit 12 generate enough pretightning forces), it is horizontal at this time Beam 111 is fixed.During steel plate 11 at the uniform velocity advances, each detection unit 12 can acquire a displacement curve and send To described control unit, the comprehensive all displacement curves of the control unit are fitted to entire steel plate template distributed data.
In the present embodiment, panel turnover machine 3 contains the direction of advance (i.e. direction shown in arrow A in Fig. 1) along plate 2 to be processed A plurality of first set gradually turns over arm 32 and second turns over arm 35, and first, which turns over arm 32 and second, turns over the one-to-one correspondence of arm 35, and first turns over arm 32 are alternately arranged with the transfer roller of rollgang 5 before machine, and first, which turns over arm 32 and second, turns over arm 35 and can rotate, and first turns over arm 32 It can turn to before machine between the transfer roller of rollgang 5, first turns over arm 32 and second turn over after arm 35 rotates can will be defeated before machine It send the plate to be processed 2 on roller-way 5 to be moved to second to turn on arm 35 and make 2 turn-over of plate to be processed.In addition, panel turnover machine is tight with press The association type straightening equipment that gathers also contains the control unit for controlling the panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment operation of press.
Specifically, as is illustrated by figs. 11 and 12, panel turnover machine 3 turns over arm 32, roller 33, bottom containing first hydraulic cylinder 31, first Seat 34, second turns over arm 35, turns over arm axle 36, encoder 37, displacement sensor 38 and second hydraulic cylinder 39.First turns over arm 32 and second Turning over arm 35 can be to turn over arm axle 36 as axis rotation.First turn over arm 32 turn over arm axle 36 and second turn over arm 35 turn over the equal position of arm axle 36 The left side of rollgang 5 before machine;When first turns over arm 32 and second turns over arm 35 and turn to horizontality, first turns over arm 32 and Two, which turn over arm 35, is located along the same line, and first turns over that arm 32 is parallel with the transfer roller of rollgang 5 before machine, and first turns over arm 32 is located at machine Between the transfer roller of preceding rollgang 5, first turns over arm 32 and the transfer roller of rollgang 5 before machine is alternately arranged, and second turns over arm 35 The left side of rollgang 5 before machine;When first turns over arm 32 and second turns over arm 35 and turn to vertical state, first turns over 32 He of arm Second, which turns over arm 35, can turn to upright state for the plate to be processed 2 before machine on rollgang 5 and clamp.Encoder 37 and displacement Sensor 38 is connect with control unit.
In use, plate 2 (such as steel plate) to be processed first turning on arm 32 through overhead traveling crane feeding to panel turnover machine 3, such as Figure 11 and figure Shown in 12, the upper surface of steel plate is manually checked, it is such as defective, it is repaired online, such as zero defect, directly progress turn-over movement. After the completion of reparation, in the case where first hydraulic cylinder 31 and second hydraulic cylinder 39 cooperate, first, which turns over arm 32 and second, turns over arm 35 around turning over arm Rotation carries out turn-over movement to axis 36 upwards, and wherein encoder 37 and displacement sensor 38 turn over arm 32 and second for control first and turn over The exact position of arm 35.After completing the movement of steel plate turn-over, steel plate falls in second and turns over above arm 35, and lower surface of steel plate is located at outer Side, it can detection reparation is carried out to its surface.It completes after repairing, then carries out reversed turn-over movement, steel plate can both return to original Position is fallen in front of machine on rollgang 5, and steel plate can carry out conveying movement at this time.
In the present embodiment, the long measuring device 4 of plate contains bracket 44 and rotating arm 46, and one end of rotating arm 46 is equipped with roller 41 and encoder 42, rotating arm 46 is connect by connector with bracket 44, and rotating arm 46 can rotate that be pressed on roller 41 to be added The surface of work plate 2 conveys before the axis and machine of roller 41 so that roller 41 be made to rotate after contacting with the surface of plate 2 to be processed The axis of the transfer roller of roller-way 5 is parallel, and encoder 42 is able to record the turnning circle of roller 41, and according to the turning collar of roller 41 Number calculates the walking position of plate 2 to be processed.The length is the size of the direction of advance along plate 2 to be processed, coding in the present invention Device 42 is connect with control unit.
Specifically, position of the position of bracket 44 and rotating arm 46 higher than plate 2 to be processed on rollgang 5 before machine, described Connector includes fixing seat and rotary shaft 45, and rotary shaft 45 is connect with the middle part of rotating arm 46, before the axis and machine of rotary shaft 45 The axis of the transfer roller of rollgang 5 is parallel, and the other end of rotating arm 46 is connected with the cylinder for driving rotating arm 46 to rotate 43, as shown in figure 13.
When steel plate is transported to the region at long 4 place of measuring device of plate, cylinder 43 is acted, and pushes rotating arm 46 around rotation Axis 45 acts, and roller 41 can be pressed in the surface of steel plate.Roller 41 can roll therewith in steel plate transmission process, meanwhile, encoder 42 is coaxial with roller 41, and the walking position of steel plate 11 can be calculated according to the initial position of roller 41, the turnning circle of roller 41 It sets, then cooperative mechanical formula template detection device 1 records 11 template position of steel plate, and then determines the specific of Surface Defects in Steel Plate position Position.For example, there is a rejected region on steel plate, steel plate direction A along Fig. 1 is advanced, and rotation when roller 41 and steel plate contact is compiled Code device 42 records the initial position of steel plate, and when mechanical template detection device 1 detects the rejected region, encoder 42 is recorded Then the current position of steel plate calculates the carry out distance of steel plate, which subtracts roller 41 and mechanical template detects The distance between device 1 is distance of the rejected region relative to the initial position of steel plate.
In the present embodiment, mechanical template detection device 1 can the upper surface template to steel plate record, such as can Surface curvature or the wooden dipper for detecting plate 2 to be processed are bent.Mechanical template detection device 1 can be set along the progression of plate 2 to be processed Setting detection unit 12 in multiple, different mechanical template detection devices 1 can be with interlaced arrangement, mechanical template detection device 1 The position of the bending or wooden dipper bent (i.e. drawbacks described above position) on steel plate width direction can be measured.In the long measuring device 4 of plate Cooperation under, 11 surface plate shape situation of steel plate is detected by installation detection unit 12, records entire steel plate template situation in real time, In order to which press 6 carries out the leveling work of next step.
In the present embodiment, press 6 contains organic frame 61 and hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64, and hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 is located at rack 61 Interior, hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 can flatten the surface of plate 2 to be processed, and press 6 is also containing for driving hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 transverse-moving mechanisms that the axis direction of the transfer roller of rollgang 5 moves before machine.
Specifically, the top of rack 61 is equipped with two guide rails being parallel to each other, the transmission of guide rail rollgang 5 before machine The axis direction of roller is arranged, and the top of hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 is equipped with wheel 65, and the lower part of hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 is equipped with pressure head 63, pressure Lower hydraulic cylinder 64 is located between two guide rails, and wheel 65 is located on the guide rail, which is traversing hydraulic cylinder 62, horizontal Liquid relief cylinder pressure 62 can push hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 to move back and forth along the guide rail, as shown in figure 14.In addition, rollgang 5 before machine It is less than the length of plate 2 to be processed with the distance between rollgang 7 after machine, rollgang 5 can with rollgang 7 after machine before machine Cooperation moves forward or back plate 2 to be processed, to realize the position for adjusting plate 2 to be processed and moving forward or back.
Press 6 is main working equipment, can have the position of template quality problems targetedly to be flattened to steel plate Straightening operation.Realize that 11 forward-reverse position of steel plate is adjusted by rollgang 7 after rollgang 5 before machine and machine.It is mounted on Hydraulic cylinder for reduction system 64 in rack 61 can carry out cross by wheel 65 under the driving of traversing hydraulic cylinder 62 at the top of rack 61 To rolling, to adjust the position lateral in steel plate 11 of pressure head 63.
Plate 2 to be processed realizes forward and backward movement by rollgang 7 after rollgang 5 before machine and machine;It depresses hydraulic Cylinder 64 realizes transverse shifting movement by traversing hydraulic cylinder 62;Remembered by the long measuring device 4 of plate and mechanical template detection device 1 The steel plate template defective locations of record are, it can be achieved that automatically entire surface of steel plate detection and position adjustment pressing movement.Press 6 is also Different pressing forces is imposed by the template quality condition that the mechanical template detection device 1 of photo-electric detects.Complete steel plate institute After having the straightening operation of flatness defect, steel plate rollgang 7 after machine is transported to outlet, via overhead traveling crane by the steel plate after aligning It is transported to warehouse for finished product.
In the present embodiment, the distance between panel turnover machine 3 and press 6 are 2m~7m, the long measuring device 4 of plate and press The distance between 6 be 2m~4m, and the distance between mechanical template detection device 1 and press 6 are 2m~4m.Panel turnover machine 3 with Rollgang 5 partly overlaps arrangement before machine, after the completion of surface of steel plate detection can directly by machine before under the transport of rollgang 5 carries out One step flattens process, avoids the hard work of the artificial overhead traveling crane fortune plate of traditional needs.
Press uses roller transport mode, improves conevying efficiency, avoids the high failure rate of traditionally chain conveying, And the pressure head of press use Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder, it can be achieved that high thrust, smoothly traversing movement, relative to traditional hydraulic motor Drive more stable, maintenance is more convenient.
Mechanical template detection device is configured in turning over all-in-one machine unit, data detected are accurate, avoid biography System by drawbacks such as inefficient, the low precision of artificial detection template.And the long measuring device of plate is configured, it can cooperative mechanical formula template Detection device work, the long measuring device of plate are realized to the position in steel plate length direction record, the long measuring device of plate and mechanical Template detection device configures after the unit, can obviously solve traditional straightness detection by the poor efficiency of artificial detection and Low precision drawback, improves the degree of automation of complete machine, and working efficiency and precision increase substantially.
The above, only specific embodiments of the present invention cannot limit the range that invention is implemented with it, so it is equivalent The displacement of component, or according to equivalent variations made by the invention patent protection scope and modification, should all still fall within what this patent was covered Scope.In addition, between technical characteristic and technical characteristic in the present invention, between technical characteristic and technical solution, technical solution with Use can be freely combined between technical solution.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that the panel turnover machine and press are compact Box-like straightening equipment includes rollgang (5), the long measuring device of plate before the machine that the direction of advance of plate to be processed (2) is set gradually (4), rollgang (7) after mechanical template detection device (1), press (6) and machine, the panel turnover machine with press is compact combines Formula straightening equipment further includes panel turnover machine (3), and the long measuring device of plate (4) is located at the front of rollgang (5) before machine, panel turnover machine (3) The left or right side of rollgang (5) before machine, panel turnover machine (3) can be by the plates to be processed (2) on rollgang before machine (5) Turn-over, mechanical template detection device (1) can detect the plate of plate (2) to be processed by contacting with the surface of plate to be processed (2) Type.
2. panel turnover machine according to claim 1 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that this is mechanical Template detection device (1) includes crossbeam (111) and multiple detection units (12), and crossbeam (111) is parallel to rollgang (5) before machine Transfer roller, multiple detection units (12) arrange along the length direction uniform intervals of crossbeam (111), and detection unit (12) is containing useful Elevating lever (119) in the surface joint with plate to be processed (2), elevating lever (119) can be along the axis sides of elevating lever (119) To reciprocating movement, detection unit (12) containing the reset assembly that can give elevating lever (119) offer restoring force and can also be examined Survey the displacement sensor (115) of elevating lever (119) displacement.
3. panel turnover machine according to claim 2 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that detection unit (12) also the detection unit bracket (121) containing tubular, detection unit bracket (121) are sheathed on elevating lever (119) outside, elevating lever (119) axis is vertical with the length direction of crossbeam (111), and detection unit bracket (121) is connected and fixed with crossbeam (111);Position Displacement sensor (115) is located at outside one end of detection unit bracket (121), and displacement sensor (115) contains rod-shaped detecting head, position The detecting head of displacement sensor (115) is inserted in one end of elevating lever (119), and fixing sleeve is equipped in one end of elevating lever (119) Magnet ring (116), magnet ring (116) are sheathed on outside the detecting head of displacement sensor (115), the internal diameter of one end of elevating lever (119) and The internal diameter of magnet ring (116) is all larger than the outer diameter of the detecting head of displacement sensor (115).
4. panel turnover machine according to claim 3 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that crossbeam (111) it is located at the top of plate to be processed (2), elevating lever (119) is arranged along the vertical direction, and displacement sensor (115) is located at detection Outside the upper end of unit rack (121), the upper end of elevating lever (119) is set in detection unit bracket (121), elevating lever (119) Lower end be set to detection unit bracket (121) outside, the reset assembly is located in detection unit bracket (121), elevating lever (119) lower end is equipped with roller (120), and the axis of roller (120) is parallel with the axis of transfer roller of rollgang before machine (5).
5. panel turnover machine according to claim 4 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that the reset Component contain the overhead gage (122) being successively sheathed on from the top down elevating lever (119) outside, upper guide sleeve (117), spring (118), Lower guide sleeve (123) and lower baffle plate (124), the internal diameter of the inner via hole of overhead gage (122) are greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever (119), on The outer diameter of guide sleeve (117) is greater than the internal diameter of the inner via hole of overhead gage (122), and the internal diameter of upper guide sleeve (117) is greater than elevating lever (119) outer diameter, spring (118) are in compressive state, and the upper end of spring (118) is abutted with upper guide sleeve (117), upper guide sleeve (117) it is abutted with overhead gage (122), the lower end of spring (118) is abutted with lower guide sleeve (123), lower guide sleeve (123) and lower block Plate (124) abuts, and lower guide sleeve (123) is fixedly connected with elevating lever (119), and the outer diameter of lower guide sleeve (123) is greater than lower baffle plate (124) internal diameter of inner via hole, the internal diameter of the inner via hole of lower baffle plate (124) are greater than the outer diameter of elevating lever (119), overhead gage (122) it is connected and fixed with detection unit bracket (121) with lower baffle plate (124).
6. panel turnover machine according to claim 2 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that this is mechanical Template detection device (1) further includes rack, which contains attachment beam (19), and attachment beam (19) is parallel with crossbeam (111), crossbeam (111) horizontally disposed, elevating lever (119) is arranged along the vertical direction, and the position of detection unit (12) is relative to crossbeam (111) fixed, which further includes the driving that crossbeam (111) can be driven to move along the vertical direction Mechanism, the driving mechanism are connect with attachment beam (19).
7. panel turnover machine according to claim 1 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that panel turnover machine (3) arm (32) and second being turned over containing the direction of advance along plate to be processed (2) is set gradually a plurality of first and turning over arm (35), first turns over Arm (32) and second turns over arm (35) one-to-one correspondence, and first turns over arm (32) and the transfer roller of rollgang before machine (5) is arranged alternately, the One, which turns over arm (32) and second, turns over arm (35) and can rotate, and first, which turns over arm (32), can turn to the biography of rollgang (5) before machine Send between roller, first turn over arm (32) and second turn over arm (35) rotation after can be by the plate to be processed (2) on rollgang before machine (5) Second is moved to turn on arm (35) and make plate to be processed (2) turn-over.
8. panel turnover machine according to claim 7 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that first turns over arm (32) the arm axle (36) and second that turns over turns over the left side of arm (35) turned over arm axle (36) and be respectively positioned on rollgang (5) before machine;
When first turns over arm (32) and second turns over arm (35) and turn to horizontality, first, which turns over arm (32) and second, turns over arm (35) position In on same straight line, first to turn over arm (32) parallel with the transfer roller of rollgang before machine (5), first turn over arm (32) be located at it is defeated before machine Between the transfer roller for sending roller-way (5), second turns over the left side that arm (35) is located at rollgang (5) before machine;
When first turns over arm (32) and second turns over arm (35) and turn to vertical state, first, which turns over arm (32) and second, turns over arm (35) energy It is enough that plate to be processed (2) on rollgang before machine (5) is turned into upright state and is clamped.
9. panel turnover machine according to claim 1 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that the long measurement of plate Device (4) contains bracket (44) and rotating arm (46), and one end of rotating arm (46) is equipped with roller (41) and encoder (42), rotation Arm (46) is connect by connector with bracket (44), and rotating arm (46), which can rotate, makes roller (41) be pressed on plate to be processed (2) The axis on surface, roller (41) is parallel with the axis of transfer roller of rollgang before machine (5), and encoder (42) is able to record roller (41) turnning circle.
10. panel turnover machine according to claim 1 and the compact association type straightening equipment of press, which is characterized in that press (6) contain organic frame (61) and hydraulic cylinder for reduction system (64), hydraulic cylinder for reduction system (64) is located in rack (61), hydraulic cylinder for reduction system (64) energy Enough to flatten to the surface of plate to be processed (2), press (6) is also containing for driving hydraulic cylinder for reduction system (64) to convey before machine The mobile transverse-moving mechanism of the axis direction of the transfer roller of roller-way (5), before machine after rollgang (5) and machine between rollgang (7) Distance be less than the length of plate to be processed (2), before machine rollgang (5) can cooperate with rollgang after machine (7) make it is to be processed Plate (2) moves forward or back.
CN201710342614.1A 2017-05-16 2017-05-16 A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type straightening equipment of press Active CN107020310B (en)

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CN111229865B (en) * 2020-01-21 2021-12-03 太原科技大学 Intelligent system of flattening

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001113314A (en) * 1999-10-15 2001-04-24 Takada Kiko Steel Construction Co Ltd Panel continuous straightening apparatus
JP2005219098A (en) * 2004-02-05 2005-08-18 Nisshin Steel Co Ltd Tension leveler excellent in shape straightening function
CN102139296A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-08-03 南阳汉冶特钢有限公司 Method for straightening buckled pipeline steel plate with thickness less than 20mm at normal temperature
CN203599285U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-05-21 北京京诚之星科技开发有限公司 Variable roller spacing straightener
CN104138933A (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-11-12 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Wide and thick plate middle wave straightening control method
CN206810893U (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-12-29 北京京诚之星科技开发有限公司 A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type equipment for straightening of press

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001113314A (en) * 1999-10-15 2001-04-24 Takada Kiko Steel Construction Co Ltd Panel continuous straightening apparatus
JP2005219098A (en) * 2004-02-05 2005-08-18 Nisshin Steel Co Ltd Tension leveler excellent in shape straightening function
CN102139296A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-08-03 南阳汉冶特钢有限公司 Method for straightening buckled pipeline steel plate with thickness less than 20mm at normal temperature
CN104138933A (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-11-12 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Wide and thick plate middle wave straightening control method
CN203599285U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-05-21 北京京诚之星科技开发有限公司 Variable roller spacing straightener
CN206810893U (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-12-29 北京京诚之星科技开发有限公司 A kind of panel turnover machine and the compact association type equipment for straightening of press

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