CN107018797A - A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi - Google Patents

A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107018797A
CN107018797A CN201710146326.9A CN201710146326A CN107018797A CN 107018797 A CN107018797 A CN 107018797A CN 201710146326 A CN201710146326 A CN 201710146326A CN 107018797 A CN107018797 A CN 107018797A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
selenium
dispensing
rich
common
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710146326.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张乐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huzhou Shangxiang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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Huzhou Shangxiang Ecological Agriculture Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710146326.9A priority Critical patent/CN107018797A/en
Publication of CN107018797A publication Critical patent/CN107018797A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of cultivating method for edible fungi, comprise the following steps:S1, get the raw materials ready, got the raw materials ready according to parts by weight, including common material and selenium-rich material, wherein common material includes 30 50 parts of corncob, 30 50 parts of wood chip, 0.5 1.5 parts of gypsum, 0.5 1.5 parts of lime, 10 15 parts of middle mulberry tree branch, 10 15 parts of wheat bran, fiery 20 25 parts of hemp stalk, 10 15 parts of banana skin, selenium-rich material includes, 5 15 parts of sodium selenite, 5 10 parts of magnesium sulfate, 5 10 parts of glucose, 30 50 parts of clay, 15 20 parts of water;S2, dispensing;S3, sterilizing;S4, pack;S5, inoculation;S6, culture;S7, management.The present invention adds sodium selenite in dispensing, can provide selenium element for mycelia, allows mycelia late growing stage to turn into the mushroom rich in selenium element.

Description

A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of edible fungus culture, and in particular to a kind of method of culturing edible fungus.
Technical background
Selenium is the essential trace elements of the human body, and selenium participates in a variety of selenoenzymes and Selenonic protein in synthesized human.Wherein paddy Guang Sweet peptide peroxidase is catalyzed hydroperoxides in vivo or MDA is changed into water or various alcohols, eliminates certainly Attack by base to biomembrane, protects biomembrane from oxidative damage.Selenium can improve body immunity, promote the increasing of lymphocyte Grow and antibody and immunoglobulin synthesis, there is obvious suppression to kinds cancers such as colon cancer, cutaneum carcinoma, liver cancer, breast cancer System and protective action, its mesostate methyl enol in body have stronger active anticancer.Because mushroom has Good selenium rich ability, using mushroom as carrier, inorganic selenium, which is switched to Se-rich xianggu is made for Organic Selenium, to greatly improve mushroom Health-care efficacy.
During cultivating champignon, the pipe of sterilization, air humidity and the champignon compost moisture in mushroom place is planted Managing the growth to mushroom has significant impact, and how ensureing the growth of mushroom and allowing mushroom to absorb selenium element is to be solved ask Topic.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method of edible fungus culturing.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1, get the raw materials ready, got the raw materials ready according to parts by weight, including common material and selenium-rich material, wherein common material includes corncob 30- 50 parts, 30-50 parts of wood chip, 0.5-1.5 parts of gypsum, 0.5-1.5 parts of lime, middle mulberry tree branch 10-15 parts, wheat bran 10-15 Part, fiery 20-25 parts of hemp stalk, 10-15 parts of banana skin, selenium-rich material includes, 5-15 parts of sodium selenite, 5-10 parts of magnesium sulfate, glucose 5-10 parts, 30-50 parts of clay, 15-20 parts of water;
S2, dispensing are abundant by the corncob in step S1 commonly material, wood chip, gypsum, lime, middle mulberry tree branch, wheat bran, fiery hemp stalk Mixed common material is uniformly mixing to obtain, sodium selenite, magnesium sulfate, glucose, clay, water in step S2 selenium-rich material is abundant Dried after stirring, obtain mixed selenium-rich material;Mixed common material and mixed selenium-rich material are carried out into mixing to stir Mix and obtain final dispensing;
S3, sterilizing, dispensing is sterilized;
S4, pack, dispensing is encased in bacterium bag;
S5, inoculation, normal temperature is cooled to by the dispensing after pack, and 3-4 diameter 1-2cm through hole is pricked in bacterium bag, mycelia is put Put under through hole at 1cm;
S6, culture, bacterium bag is placed into culturing room, and culturing room is in backlight state, after placing 30-60 days, when mycelia is emerged During through hole 1-2cm, 6-8 through hole is pricked in bacterium bag;
S7, management, the bacterium bag after culture is placed into greenhouse and continues to cultivate.
Further, sterilize to concretely comprise the following steps in the step S3 and first dispensing is placed into sterilizing boiler, heating boiler Interior temperature is to 100 DEG C -110 DEG C, and the heat time is 2-4 hours;Dispensing is killed for 5-10 hours by ultraviolet lamp irradiation again Bacterium.
Further, inoculation is located at progress in desinfection chamber in the step S5.
Further, temperature is 20 DEG C -25 DEG C in the desinfection chamber, and air humidity is 30%-60%.
By such scheme, the present invention at least has advantages below:
(1)The present invention adds sodium selenite in dispensing, can provide selenium element for mycelia, allows mycelia late growing stage to turn into richness Mushroom containing selenium element;
(2)Include banana skin in dispensing of the present invention, and include the elements such as K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Zn in banana skin, Neng Gouwei Dispensing provides various trace elements, meets the demand of fungus grown;
(3)Sodium selenite and clay, magnesium sulfate, glucose are stirred to and mixed together by the present invention, compared to common cultivation During, the later stage adds the way of selenium fertilizer to edible mushroom, selenium element is sufficiently mixed in the getting the raw materials ready of edible fungi growth, one is The loss of selenium element is prevented, two be more to be beneficial to the absorption of selenium element.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the embodiment to the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used for Illustrate the present invention, but be not limited to the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi, comprises the following steps:
S1, get the raw materials ready, got the raw materials ready according to parts by weight, including common material and selenium-rich material, wherein common material includes corncob 30 Part, 30 parts of wood chip, 0.5 part of gypsum, 0.5 part of lime, 10 parts of middle mulberry tree branch, 10 parts of wheat bran, fiery 20 parts of hemp stalk, banana skin 10 Part, selenium-rich material includes, 5 parts of sodium selenite, 5 parts of magnesium sulfate, 5 parts of glucose, 30 parts of clay, 15 parts of water;
S2, dispensing are abundant by the corncob in step S1 commonly material, wood chip, gypsum, lime, middle mulberry tree branch, wheat bran, fiery hemp stalk Mixed common material is uniformly mixing to obtain, sodium selenite, magnesium sulfate, glucose, clay, water in step S2 selenium-rich material is abundant Dried after stirring, obtain mixed selenium-rich material;Mixed common material and mixed selenium-rich material are carried out into mixing to stir Mix and obtain final dispensing;
S3, sterilizing, dispensing is sterilized;First dispensing is placed into sterilizing boiler, heating kettle in-furnace temperature to 100 DEG C DEG C, Heat time is 2 hours;Dispensing is sterilized for 5 hours by ultraviolet lamp irradiation again;
S4, pack, dispensing is encased in bacterium bag;
S5, inoculation, normal temperature is cooled to by the dispensing after pack, and 3 diameter 1cm through hole is pricked in bacterium bag, mycelia is placed into Under through hole at 1cm;Inoculation, which is located in desinfection chamber, to be carried out;Temperature is 20 DEG C in desinfection chamber, and air humidity is 30%.
S6, culture, bacterium bag is placed into culturing room, and culturing room is in backlight state, after placing 30 days, when mycelia is emerged During through hole 1cm, 6 through holes are pricked in bacterium bag;
S7, management, the bacterium bag after culture is placed into greenhouse and continues to cultivate.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi, comprises the following steps:
S1, get the raw materials ready, got the raw materials ready according to parts by weight, including common material and selenium-rich material, wherein common material includes corncob 40 Part, 40 parts of wood chip, 1 part of gypsum, 1 part of lime, 12 parts of middle mulberry tree branch, 12 parts of wheat bran, fiery 22 parts of hemp stalk, banana skin 12 Part, selenium-rich material includes, 10 parts of sodium selenite, 8 parts of magnesium sulfate, 8 parts of glucose, 40 parts of clay, 18 parts of water;
S2, dispensing are abundant by the corncob in step S1 commonly material, wood chip, gypsum, lime, middle mulberry tree branch, wheat bran, fiery hemp stalk Mixed common material is uniformly mixing to obtain, sodium selenite, magnesium sulfate, glucose, clay, water in step S2 selenium-rich material is abundant Dried after stirring, obtain mixed selenium-rich material;Mixed common material and mixed selenium-rich material are carried out into mixing to stir Mix and obtain final dispensing;
S3, sterilizing, dispensing is sterilized;Dispensing is placed into sterilizing boiler, heating kettle in-furnace temperature is to 105 DEG C, heating Time is 3 hours;Dispensing is sterilized for 8 hours by ultraviolet lamp irradiation again;
S4, pack, dispensing is encased in bacterium bag;
S5, inoculation, normal temperature is cooled to by the dispensing after pack, and 4 diameter 2cm through hole is pricked in bacterium bag, mycelia is placed into Under through hole at 1cm;Inoculation, which is located in desinfection chamber, to be carried out;Temperature is 20 DEG C -25 DEG C in the desinfection chamber, and air humidity is 30%- 60%。
S6, culture, bacterium bag is placed into culturing room, and culturing room is in backlight state, after placing 45 days, when mycelia is emerged During through hole 1.5cm, 7 through holes are pricked in bacterium bag;
S7, management, the bacterium bag after culture is placed into greenhouse and continues to cultivate.
Embodiment 3
A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1, get the raw materials ready, got the raw materials ready according to parts by weight, including common material and selenium-rich material, wherein common material includes corncob 50 Part, 50 parts of wood chip, 1.5 parts of gypsum, 1.5 parts of lime, 15 parts of middle mulberry tree branch, 15 parts of wheat bran, fiery 25 parts of hemp stalk, banana skin 15 parts, selenium-rich material includes, 15 parts of sodium selenite, 10 parts of magnesium sulfate, 10 parts of glucose, 50 parts of clay, 20 parts of water;
S2, dispensing are abundant by the corncob in step S1 commonly material, wood chip, gypsum, lime, middle mulberry tree branch, wheat bran, fiery hemp stalk Mixed common material is uniformly mixing to obtain, sodium selenite, magnesium sulfate, glucose, clay, water in step S2 selenium-rich material is abundant Dried after stirring, obtain mixed selenium-rich material;Mixed common material and mixed selenium-rich material are carried out into mixing to stir Mix and obtain final dispensing;
S3, sterilizing, dispensing is sterilized;First dispensing is placed into sterilizing boiler, heating kettle in-furnace temperature to 110 DEG C, plus The hot time is 4 hours;Dispensing is sterilized for 10 hours by ultraviolet lamp irradiation again;
S4, pack, dispensing is encased in bacterium bag;
S5, inoculation, normal temperature is cooled to by the dispensing after pack, and 3-4 diameter 1-2cm through hole is pricked in bacterium bag, mycelia is put Put under through hole at 1cm;Carried out in desinfection chamber;Temperature is 20 DEG C -25 DEG C in desinfection chamber, and air humidity is 30%-60%;
S6, culture, bacterium bag is placed into culturing room, and culturing room is in backlight state, after placing 30-60 days, when mycelia is emerged During through hole 1-2cm, 6-8 through hole is pricked in bacterium bag;
S7, management, the bacterium bag after culture is placed into greenhouse and continues to cultivate.
The invention has the advantages that:
(1)The present invention adds sodium selenite in dispensing, can provide selenium element for mycelia, allows mycelia late growing stage to turn into richness Mushroom containing selenium element;
(2)Include in dispensing of the present invention and include the elements such as K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Zn in banana skin, banana skin, can be with Material provides various trace elements, meets the demand of fungus grown.
(3)Sodium selenite and clay, magnesium sulfate, glucose are stirred to and mixed together by the present invention, compared to common In cultivation, the later stage adds the way of selenium fertilizer to edible mushroom, and selenium element is sufficiently mixed in the getting the raw materials ready of edible fungi growth, More it is beneficial to the absorption of selenium element.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is noted that for this skill For the those of ordinary skill in art field, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, can also make it is some improvement and Modification, these improvement and modification also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of cultivating method for edible fungi, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
S1, get the raw materials ready, got the raw materials ready according to parts by weight, including common material and selenium-rich material, wherein common material includes corncob 30- 50 parts, 30-50 parts of wood chip, 0.5-1.5 parts of gypsum, 0.5-1.5 parts of lime, middle mulberry tree branch 10-15 parts, wheat bran 10-15 Part, fiery 20-25 parts of hemp stalk, 10-15 parts of banana skin, selenium-rich material includes, 5-15 parts of sodium selenite, 5-10 parts of magnesium sulfate, glucose 5-10 parts, 30-50 parts of clay, 15-20 parts of water;
S2, dispensing are abundant by the corncob in step S1 commonly material, wood chip, gypsum, lime, middle mulberry tree branch, wheat bran, fiery hemp stalk Mixed common material is uniformly mixing to obtain, sodium selenite, magnesium sulfate, glucose, clay, water in step S2 selenium-rich material is abundant Dried after stirring, obtain mixed selenium-rich material;Mixed common material and mixed selenium-rich material are carried out into mixing to stir Mix and obtain final dispensing;
S3, sterilizing, dispensing is sterilized;
S4, pack, dispensing is encased in bacterium bag;
S5, inoculation, normal temperature is cooled to by the dispensing after pack, and 3-4 diameter 1-2cm through hole is pricked in bacterium bag, mycelia is put Put under through hole at 1cm;
S6, culture, bacterium bag is placed into culturing room, and culturing room is in backlight state, after placing 30-60 days, when mycelia is emerged During through hole 1-2cm, 6-8 through hole is pricked in bacterium bag;
S7, management, the bacterium bag after culture is placed into greenhouse and continues to cultivate.
2. a kind of cultivation method for edible mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Sterilize specific step in the step S3 Rapid is that first dispensing is placed into sterilizing boiler, and heating kettle in-furnace temperature is to 100 DEG C -110 DEG C, and the heat time is 2-4 hours;Again Dispensing is sterilized for 5-10 hours by ultraviolet lamp irradiation.
3. a kind of cultivation method for edible mushroom according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Inoculation is located at nothing in the step S5 Carried out in bacterium room.
4. a kind of cultivation method for edible mushroom according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Temperature is 20 in the desinfection chamber DEG C -25 DEG C, air humidity is 30%-60%.
CN201710146326.9A 2017-03-13 2017-03-13 A kind of cultivating method for edible fungi Pending CN107018797A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103724114A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Shiitake cultivation material using orange branches as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104876691A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-09-02 苏州葛家坞生物科技有限公司 Compost for black fungus cultivation and preparation method of compost
CN105237128A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 Coprinus comatus high-effective culture medium being sealedly adjustable in fermentation speed and preparation method thereof
CN106242801A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-12-21 王瑜琳 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Pleurotus eryngii

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103724114A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Shiitake cultivation material using orange branches as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104876691A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-09-02 苏州葛家坞生物科技有限公司 Compost for black fungus cultivation and preparation method of compost
CN105237128A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 Coprinus comatus high-effective culture medium being sealedly adjustable in fermentation speed and preparation method thereof
CN106242801A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-12-21 王瑜琳 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich Pleurotus eryngii

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
沈业寿: "《药用真菌桑黄菌的研究》", 30 June 2014, 中国科学技术大学出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20170808